Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 114
Filtrar
1.
Dtsch Med Wochenschr ; 146(11): 752-756, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34062592

RESUMO

Lung involvement is one of the most frequent organ manifestation in rheumatic diseases (CTD-ILD). Especially patients with rheumatoid arthritis, systemic sclerosis, and idiopathic inflammatory myopathies are affected. Interstitial lung diseases (ILD) are still associated with significant morbidity and mortality. The last years have brought advances in management and treatment of ILDs. Methotrexate is probably not a significant cause of lung disease in rheumatoid arthritis but might even delay the presentation of interstitial lung disease (ILD). Tocilizumab could be a treatment option in SSc-ILD, despite the limitations of the current studies. For Systemic Sclerosis-ILD (SSc-ILD) and progressive fibrosing ILD, antifibrotic therapy with nintedanib is now approved.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33955698

RESUMO

Selatogrel is a potent and reversible P2Y12 receptor antagonist developed for subcutaneous self-administration by patients with suspected acute myocardial infarction. After single-dose emergency treatment with selatogrel, patients are switched to long-term treatment with oral P2Y12 receptor antagonists. Selatogrel shows rapid onset and offset of inhibition of platelet aggregation (IPA) to overcome the critical initial time after acute myocardial infarction. Long-term benefit is provided by oral P2Y12 receptor antagonists such as clopidogrel, prasugrel, and ticagrelor. A population pharmacokinetic (PK)/pharmacodynamic (PD) model based on data from 545 subjects in 4 phase I and 2 phase II studies well described the effect of selatogrel on IPA alone and in combination with clopidogrel, prasugrel, and ticagrelor. The PK of selatogrel were described by a three-compartment model. The PD model included a receptor-pool compartment to which all drugs can bind concurrently, reversibly or irreversibly, depending on their mode of action. Furthermore, ticagrelor and its active metabolite can bind to the selatogrel-receptor complex allosterically, releasing selatogrel from the binding site. The model provided a framework for predicting the effect on IPA of selatogrel followed by reversibly and irreversibly binding oral P2Y12 receptor antagonists for sustained effects. Determining the timepoint for switching from emergency to maintenance treatment is critical to achieve sufficient IPA at all times. Simulations based on the interaction model showed that loading doses of clopidogrel and prasugrel administered 15 h and 4.5 h after selatogrel, respectively, provide sustained IPA with clinically negligible drug interaction. Study Highlights WHAT IS THE CURRENT KNOWLEDGE ON THE TOPIC? Selatogrel is a potent reversible P2Y12 receptor antagonist developed for subcutaneous self-administration by patients in case of suspected acute myocardial infarction. Transition to oral P2Y12 receptor antagonists without drug interaction and sufficient inhibition of platelet aggregation must be assured at all times. WHAT QUESTION DID THIS STUDY ADDRESS? The pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic model semimechanistically describes the effect of selatogrel on platelet inhibition alone and in combination with the oral P2Y12 receptor antagonists clopidogrel, prasugrel, and ticagrelor. WHAT DOES THIS STUDY ADD TO OUR KNOWLEDGE? Model-based simulations showed that loading doses of clopidogrel and prasugrel can be administered from 15 h and 4.5 h after selatogrel, respectively. HOW MIGHT THIS CHANGE CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY OR TRANSLATIONAL SCIENCE? These results support guiding the clinical transition from selatogrel emergency treatment to oral maintenance therapy in a safe and efficacious way.

3.
Org Biomol Chem ; 19(19): 4292-4302, 2021 May 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33899904

RESUMO

Itaconic acid esters and hemiesters undergo Pd-catalyzed coupling reactions with arene diazonium salts in high to excellent yields. The coupling products of ortho-nitro arene diazonium salts can be converted in one or two steps to benzazepine-2-ones.

4.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 39(3): 639-647, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33822706

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and spondyloarthritis (SpA) are the most common inflammatory rheumatic diseases (IRD). The aim of this study was to elucidate differences in the outcome of SARS-CoV-2 infection in RA- and SpA-patients. METHODS: Data from the German COVID-19 registry for IRD patients from 30th March to 16th November 2020 were analysed. 208 RA and SpA patients were included in the study, matched for gender and age. RESULTS: 104 SpA patients (40% patients with ankylosing spondylitis, 54% with psoriatic arthritis and 6% with enteropathic arthritis) were compared to 104 RA patients. For both groups, median age was 56 years. TNF-i treatment was reported in 45% of the SpA and in 19% of RA patients (p=0.001). Glucocorticoids were used in 13% of the SpA and in 40% of the RA patients (p=0.001). In both groups, the majority of the patients (97% SpA, 95% RA) recovered from COVID-19. Hospitalisation was needed in 16% of the SpA and in 30% of the RA patients (p=0.05), and oxygen treatment in 10% and 18% respectively (p=ns). Three versus six (p=ns) fatal courses were reported in the SpA versus the RA group. CONCLUSIONS: The study revealed that the hospitalisation rate during COVID-19 infection, but not the mortality, was significantly higher in RA as compared to SpA patients. This could be explained either by different treatment strategies or by different susceptibilities of the two diseases.


Assuntos
Artrite Psoriásica , Artrite Reumatoide , Espondilartrite , Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/epidemiologia , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Espondilartrite/tratamento farmacológico , Espondilartrite/epidemiologia
5.
J Sch Psychol ; 85: 125-139, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33715777

RESUMO

This study applied the job demands-resources (JD-R) model to examine antecedents and processes leading to emotional exhaustion in homeroom teachers. We hypothesized that the demands imposed by student misbehavior, conflicts with parents, and workload would relate positively with emotional exhaustion and that prolonging working hours as a coping behavior would mediate these effects. The cross-sectional study involved self-reported questionnaire-based data of 560 homeroom teachers in Switzerland. The results of structural equation modeling (SEM) revealed that workload (ß = 0.43), conflicts with parents (ß = 0.25), and student misbehavior (ß = 0.23) were positively related to emotional exhaustion and that prolonging working hours partially mediated the effect of workload on emotional exhaustion (ß = 0.21). Conflicts with parents and student misbehavior only related to emotional exhaustion directly, and not indirectly. We discuss these findings in light of the JD-R model, teacher education, and teachers' health promotion.

6.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 4574, 2021 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33633184

RESUMO

Detailed imaging of the three-dimensionally complex architecture of xylary plants is important for studying biological and mechanical functions of woody plants. Apart from common two-dimensional microscopy, X-ray micro-computed tomography has been established as a three-dimensional (3D) imaging method for studying the hydraulic function of wooden plants. However, this X-ray imaging method can barely reach the resolution needed to see the minute structures (e.g. pit membrane). To complement the xylem structure with 3D views at the nanoscale level, X-ray near-field nano-holotomography (NFH) was applied to analyze the wood species Pinus sylvestris and Fagus sylvatica. The demanded small specimens required focused ion beam (FIB) application. The FIB milling, however, influenced the image quality through gallium implantation on the cell-wall surfaces. The measurements indicated that NFH is appropriate for imaging wood at nanometric resolution. With a 26 nm voxel pitch, the structure of the cell-wall surface in Pinus sylvestris could be visualized in genuine detail. In wood of Fagus sylvatica, the structure of a pit pair, including the pit membrane, between two neighboring fibrous cells could be traced tomographically.

7.
RMD Open ; 7(1)2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33479021

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Whether patients with inflammatory rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases (RMD) are at higher risk to develop severe courses of COVID-19 has not been fully elucidated. Aim of this analysis was to describe patients with RMD according to their COVID-19 severity and to identify risk factors for hospitalisation. METHODS: Patients with RMD with PCR confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection reported to the German COVID-19 registry from 30 March to 1 November 2020 were evaluated. Multivariable logistic regression was used to estimate ORs for hospitalisation due to COVID-19. RESULTS: Data from 468 patients with RMD with SARS-CoV-2 infection were reported. Most frequent diagnosis was rheumatoid arthritis, RA (48%). 29% of the patients were hospitalised, 5.5% needed ventilation. 19 patients died. Multivariable analysis showed that age >65 years (OR 2.24; 95% CI 1.12 to 4.47), but even more>75 years (OR 3.94; 95% CI 1.86 to 8.32), cardiovascular disease (CVD; OR 3.36; 95% CI 1.5 to 7.55), interstitial lung disease/chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (ILD/COPD) (OR 2.79; 95% CI 1.2 to 6.49), chronic kidney disease (OR 2.96; 95% CI 1.16 to 7.5), moderate/high RMD disease activity (OR 1.96; 95% CI 1.02 to 3.76) and treatment with glucocorticoids (GCs) in dosages >5 mg/day (OR 3.67; 95% CI 1.49 to 9.05) were associated with higher odds of hospitalisation. Spondyloarthritis patients showed a smaller risk of hospitalisation compared with RA (OR 0.46; 95% CI 0.23 to 0.91). CONCLUSION: Age was a major risk factor for hospitalisation as well as comorbidities such as CVD, ILD/COPD, chronic kidney disease and current or prior treatment with GCs. Moderate to high RMD disease activity was also an independent risk factor for hospitalisation, underlining the importance of continuing adequate RMD treatment during the pandemic.


Assuntos
/diagnóstico , Glucocorticoides/efeitos adversos , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/complicações , Doenças Reumáticas/complicações , /genética , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Artrite Reumatoide/complicações , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , /terapia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Comorbidade , Feminino , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/tratamento farmacológico , Sistema de Registros , Respiração Artificial/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Doenças Reumáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Fatores de Risco
8.
J Pharmacokinet Pharmacodyn ; 48(2): 213-224, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33389549

RESUMO

Clazosentan's potential QT liability was investigated in a thorough QT study in which clazosentan was administered intravenously as a continuous infusion of 20 mg/h immediately followed by 60 mg/h. Clazosentan prolonged the placebo-corrected change-from-baseline QT interval corrected for RR with Fridericia's formula (ΔΔQTcF) with the maximum QT effect occurring 4 h after the maximum drug concentration, apparently associated with vomiting. The delayed effect precluded the standard linear modeling approach. This analysis aimed at characterizing the concentration-QT relationship in consideration of RR-QT hysteresis, concentration-ΔΔQTcF hysteresis, and the influence of vomiting. Nonlinear mixed-effects modeling was applied to characterize pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics, i.e., ΔΔQTcF. Simulations were used to predict ΔΔQTcF for expected therapeutic dose used in Phase 3 clinical development. Correction for RR-QT hysteresis did not influence ΔΔQTcF to a relevant extent. Pharmacokinetics of clazosentan were best described by a linear two-compartment model. The delayed QT prolongation was characterized by an indirect-response model with loglinear drug effect. Vomiting had no statistically significant influence on QT prolongation despite apparent differences between subjects vomiting and not vomiting, probably since vomiting occurred mostly after the main QT prolongation. Following a simulated 3-h infusion of 15 mg/h of clazosentan, the upper bound of the predicted 90% CI for mean ΔΔQTcF was expected to exceed the 10-ms regulatory threshold of concern with maximum effect 3.5 h after end of infusion. TRN: NCT03657446, 05 Sep 2018.

9.
J Clin Pharmacol ; 61(1): 82-89, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32656870

RESUMO

Half-life is a standard result reported with analysis of pharmacokinetic data. Different definitions such as noncompartmental half-life, terminal half-life, effective half-life, and context-sensitive half-life can yield substantially different estimates of the quantity "half-life." Time to attainment of steady-state conditions is generally derived from (terminal) half-life and therefore sensitive toward the definition of half-life. Thus, estimates of the time to attain steady state must be provided with a precise definition of steady state and the method used for estimation, particularly for drugs with long (terminal) half-life. For clinical purposes, terminal half-life can have limited relevance if drug concentrations in the terminal elimination phase are low. A general rule for which half-life to use is infeasible. While limited accumulation can be negligible if a plateau in pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics is reached or with a wide therapeutic window (ie, exposure range), small additional drug accumulation can be highly relevant for drugs with a narrow therapeutic window. Beyond the average, estimation of individual time to attainment of steady state can add highly relevant information about the variability between subjects. Simulations from population models and the use of different definitions of steady state provide an assessment of robustness of the results. The relevance of accurate estimation of time to attainment of steady state is illustrated with cenerimod, an sphingosine-1-phosphate 1 receptor modulator with long half-life currently in clinical development for which estimates of time to steady state ranged from 35 to 110 days with different calculations.

13.
Curr Rheumatol Rev ; 2020 09 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32888273

RESUMO

Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is the most common form of pulmonary impairment in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, patients with RA or other arthritic diseases such as psoriatic arthritis (PsA) or peripheral spondyloarthritis (pSpA) are at a higher risk of developing several other pulmonary diseases, such as chronic obstructive lung disease (COPD), compared to patients without arthritis. This review aims at summarizing the current knowledge on the prevalence of pulmonary diseases in the above-mentioned forms of arthritis, the challenges faced by prevalence studies in detecting pulmonary diseases in patients with arthritis, as well as possible treatment options. Dyspnea, cough or other pulmonary symptoms in arthritis patients should prompt gradual diagnostic procedures considering pulmonary manifestations as a major cluster of differential diagnosis. However, treatment options often lack solid evidence-based guidelines and referrals to specialized centers are often necessary.

14.
RMD Open ; 6(2)2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32878994

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Patients with inflammatory rheumatic diseases (IRD) infected with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) may be at risk to develop a severe course of COVID-19. The influence of immunomodulating drugs on the course of COVID-19 is unknown. To gather knowledge about SARS-CoV-2 infections in patients with IRD, we established a registry shortly after the beginning of the pandemic in Germany. METHODS: Using an online questionnaire (www.COVID19-rheuma.de), a nationwide database was launched on 30 March 2020, with appropriate ethical and data protection approval to collect data of patients with IRD infected with SARS-CoV-2. In this registry, key clinical and epidemiological parameters-for example, diagnosis of IRD, antirheumatic therapies, comorbidities and course of the infection-are documented. RESULTS: Until 25 April 2020, data from 104 patients with IRD infected with SARS-CoV-2 were reported (40 males; 63 females; 1 diverse). Most of them (45%) were diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis, 59% had one or more comorbidities and 42% were treated with biological disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs. Hospitalisation was reported in 32% of the patients. Two-thirds of the patients already recovered. Unfortunately, 6 patients had a fatal course. CONCLUSIONS: In a short time, a national registry for SARS-CoV2-infected patients with IRD was established. Within 4 weeks, 104 cases were documented. The registry enables to generate data rapidly in this emerging situation and to gain a better understanding of the course of SARS-CoV2-infection in patients with IRD, with a distinct focus on their immunomodulatory therapies. This knowledge is valuable for timely information of physicians and patients with IRD, and shall also serve for the development of guidance for the management of patients with IRD during this pandemic.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Produtos Biológicos/uso terapêutico , Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Pneumonia Viral/fisiopatologia , Sistema de Registros , Doenças Reumáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Artrite Psoriásica/complicações , Artrite Psoriásica/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/complicações , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Feminino , Alemanha , Granulomatose com Poliangiite/complicações , Granulomatose com Poliangiite/tratamento farmacológico , Hospitalização , Humanos , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/complicações , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Polimialgia Reumática/complicações , Polimialgia Reumática/tratamento farmacológico , Prognóstico , Doenças Reumáticas/complicações , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Escleroderma Sistêmico/tratamento farmacológico , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Espondilite Anquilosante/complicações , Espondilite Anquilosante/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto Jovem
15.
Z Rheumatol ; 79(7): 679-685, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32757030

RESUMO

A few days after the SARS-CoV-2 infection was declared a pandemic, the German Society for Rheumatology (DGRh) compiled first recommendations for the care of patients with inflammatory rheumatic diseases (IRD). These first recommendations were based on an expert consensus and were largely non-evidence-based. Now that the first scientific data from registers, cross-sectional studies, case reports and case series are available, the present update is intended to update the previous recommendations and to add new findings. The current recommendations are based on a literature search of publications available up to 15 June 2020 and address preventive measures (such as hygiene measures or vaccinations) and the use of immunomodulatory/immunosuppressive drugs. An important goal of the current recommendations is also to prevent harm to patients with IRD through unjustified restriction of care. The DGRh will continue to update its recommendations in the case of new aspects and will publish them as well as further information on the COVID-19 pandemic on its homepage ( www.dgrh.de ) in an ongoing process.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Inflamação/terapia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Doenças Reumáticas/terapia , Reumatologia/métodos , Betacoronavirus , Alemanha , Humanos , Pandemias , Sociedades Médicas
16.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 9543, 2020 06 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32533033

RESUMO

Wood porosity is of great interest for basic research and applications. One aspect is the cell wall porosity at total dry state. When water is absorbed by wood, the uptake of water within the cell wall leads to a dimension change of the material. A hypothesis for possible structures that hold the water is induced cell wall porosity. Nitrogen and krypton physisorption as well as high pressure hydrogen sorption and thermoporosimetry were applied to softwood and hardwood (pine and beech) in dry and wet state for determining surface area and porosity. Physisorption is not able to detect pores or surface area within the cell wall. Krypton physisorption shows surface area up 5 times lower than nitrogen with higher accuracy. With high pressure sorption no inaccessible pore volumes were seen at higher pressures. Thermoporosimetry was not able to detect mesopores within the hygroscopic water sorption region. Physisorption has to be handled carefully regarding the differences between adsorptives. The absence of water-induced mesopores within the hygroscopic region raise doubts on existing water sorption theories that assume these pore dimensions. When using the term "cell wall porosity", it is important to distinguish between pores on the cell wall surface and pores that exist because of biological structure, as there are no water-induced mesopores present. The finding offers the possibility to renew wood-water-sorption theories because based on the presented results transport of water in the cell wall must be realized by structures lower than two 2 nm. Nanoporous structures in wood at wet state should be investigated more intensively in future.

17.
Pharmaceuticals (Basel) ; 13(6)2020 May 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32485876

RESUMO

Multidrug-resistant bacteria represent one of the most important health care problems worldwide. While there are numerous drugs available for standard therapy, there are only a few compounds capable of serving as a last resort for severe infections. Therefore, approaches to control multidrug-resistant bacteria must be implemented. Here, a strategy of reactivating the established glycopeptide antibiotic vancomycin by structural modification with polycationic peptides and subsequent fatty acid conjugation to overcome the resistance of multidrug-resistant bacteria was followed. This study especially focuses on the structure-activity relationship, depending on the modification site and fatty acid chain length. The synthesized conjugates showed high antimicrobial potential on vancomycin-resistant enterococci. We were able to demonstrate that the antimicrobial activity of the vancomycin-lipopeptide conjugates depends on the chain length of the attached fatty acid. All conjugates showed good cytocompatibility in vitro and in vivo. Radiolabeling enabled the in vivo determination of pharmacokinetics in Wistar rats by molecular imaging and biodistribution studies. An improved biodistribution profile in comparison to unmodified vancomycin was observed. While vancomycin is rapidly excreted by the kidneys, the most potent conjugate shows a hepatobiliary excretion profile. In conclusion, these results demonstrate the potential of the structural modification of already established antibiotics to provide highly active compounds for tackling multidrug-resistant bacteria.

18.
Rheumatol Int ; 40(12): 2005-2012, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32377959

RESUMO

Osteoporosis is a frequent comorbidity in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Due to the improved treatment options for RA, we expect a long-term decrease in osteoporosis as an accompanying disease. Data from the German National Database (NDB) were used to investigate whether the frequency of osteoporosis has changed in the last 10 years. From 2007 to 2017, approximately 4000 patients were documented annually with data on therapy and comorbidity. The cross-sectional data were summarised descriptively. Age, sex, disease duration, disease activity and glucocorticoids were considered as influencing factors. The Cochrane-Armitage test for trend was used to test whether the frequency of osteoporosis at the first visit changed from 2007 to 2017. Osteoporosis frequency in RA patients (mean age 63 years, 75% female) decreased from 20% in 2007 to 6% in 2017 (p < 0.001). The decrease affected women (22% to 17%) and men (14% to 8%) in all age groups and both short-term (≤ 2-year disease duration: 9% to 3%) and long-term RA patients (> 10-year disease duration: 28% to 20%). Patients with high disease activity and patients who took glucocorticoids (GC) were more often affected by osteoporosis than patients in remission or without GC. Drug prophylaxis in patients without osteoporosis increased (20% to 41% without GC, 48% to 55% with GC). Men with GC received less prophylactic treatment than women (48% vs. 57% in 2017). In this cohort, osteoporosis in patients with RA is less frequently observed compared to former years. RA-specific risk factors for osteoporosis such as disease activity and GC therapy have declined but long-term GC use is still present. Assessment of osteoporosis in RA patients should be investigated more consistently by bone density measurement. Male RA patients still need to be given greater consideration regarding osteoporosis drug prophylaxis, especially when GC therapy is needed.

19.
Ger Med Sci ; 18: Doc03, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32341686

RESUMO

Lyme borreliosis is the most common tick-borne infectious disease in Europe. A neurological manifestation occurs in 3-15% of infections and can manifest as polyradiculitis, meningitis and (rarely) encephalomyelitis. This S3 guideline is directed at physicians in private practices and clinics who treat Lyme neuroborreliosis in children and adults. Twenty AWMF member societies, the Robert Koch Institute, the German Borreliosis Society and three patient organisations participated in its development. A systematic review and assessment of the literature was conducted by the German Cochrane Centre, Freiburg (Cochrane Germany). The main objectives of this guideline are to define the disease and to give recommendations for the confirmation of a clinically suspected diagnosis by laboratory testing, antibiotic therapy, differential diagnostic testing and prevention.

20.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(5): 3577-3581, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32320380

RESUMO

Rejection (nomen rejiciendum) of the name Borreliella and all new combinations therein is being requested on grounds of risk to human health and patient safety (Principle 1, subprinciple 2 and Rule 56a) and violation to aim for stability of names, to avoid useless creation of names (Principle 1, subprinciple 1 and 3) and that names should not be changed without sufficient reason (Principle 9 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes).


Assuntos
Filogenia , Spirochaetales/classificação , Terminologia como Assunto
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...