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1.
J Consult Clin Psychol ; 89(6): 528-536, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34264700

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Despite considerable evidence that supports perceived burdensomeness (PB) and thwarted belongingness (TB) as risk factors for suicidal ideation (SI), far less is known about the direction of effects between these constructs in treatments for suicidal adolescents. The present study examined bidirectional relations between PB, TB, and adolescents' suicidal ideation (SI) during a 16-week randomized clinical trial. METHOD: 129 depressed and suicidal adolescents completed PB, TB, and SI measures at three time points: baseline (T1), mid-treatment (T2), and treatment completion (T3). Random-intercept cross-lagged panel models (RI-CLPM) examined within-subject direction of effects between interpersonal variables (PB & TB) and suicidal ideation (SI) in the first and second halves of treatment. RESULTS: Within-subjects, autoregressive paths indicated significant carryover in PB and SI. In the first half of treatment, a significant cross-lagged path indicated that T1 PB predicted change in T2 SI, and in the last half of treatment change in T2 SI predicted change in T3 PB. There were no significant auto-regressive or cross-lagged effects for TB. CONCLUSIONS: In the first half of treatment, baseline PB predicted fewer reductions in SI suggesting that PB initially moderated adolescents' response to treatment. However, in the last half of treatment, initial reductions in SI predicted subsequent reductions in PB suggesting that adolescents' initial response to treatment decreased their perceptions of burdening others. The clinical and treatment implications of these bidirectional findings are discussed. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Depressão/terapia , Terapia Familiar/métodos , Suicídio/prevenção & controle , Suicídio/psicologia , Adolescente , Feminino , Humanos , Relações Interpessoais , Masculino , Relações Pais-Filho , Teoria Psicológica , Psicoterapia/métodos , Fatores de Risco , Ideação Suicida , Inquéritos e Questionários
2.
Fam Process ; 2021 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33904589

RESUMO

In psychotherapy research, adherence refers to the extent to which therapists deliver a treatment as intended. This study examined whether therapist adherence to two different manualized treatments was associated with improved client outcomes and whether the association was moderated by therapeutic alliance. The study sample included 320 video recordings of therapy sessions from 118 cases in a randomized controlled trial (RCT) comparing attachment-based family therapy (ABFT) with family-enhanced nondirective supportive therapy (FE-NST). Recordings were selected from early, middle, and late stages of treatment. The adherence measure consisted of 24 items representing essential therapist interventions from both treatments. Trained raters coded tapes from both therapies. Adolescent self-report of alliance was measured at session 4. Adherence to ABFT was associated with a significant increase in family cohesion at mid-treatment but not at posttreatment. Adherence to FE-NST was significantly associated with an increase in suicide ideation posttreatment. Using therapeutic alliance as a moderator, adherence to ABFT was significantly associated with a reduction in suicide ideation, family conflict, and higher client satisfaction posttreatment. Alliance did not positively affect the association of FE-NST adherence to outcomes. Findings suggest that adherence to ABFT interventions may be better linked to treatment outcomes when adolescents feel a strong alliance with their therapist. Implications for future research and therapist training are explored.

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