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1.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 21(1): 235, 2021 05 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33975538

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The study analyzes changes in lung function, pulmonary pressure and diffusing capacity of the lung in patients with mitral valve regurgitation (MR) treated by MitraClip implantation. METHODS: A total of 43 patients (19 women and 24 men with an average age of 78.0 ± 6.6 years) who were able to perform pulmonary function testing including diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide (DLCO), vital capacity (VC), total lung capacity (TLC), residual volume (RV) and forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) before and 6 weeks after MitraClip implantation participated in this study. Furthermore, clinical and echocardiographic parameters including systolic pulmonary artery pressure (sPAP), left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and left atrial diameter (LAD) measurements were recorded in all patients. RESULTS: The procedure was performed successfully in all 43 patients leading to a reduction of MR in 97.7% of cases. One patient died on day 4 after the intervention most likely due to pulmonary artery embolism. Six weeks after the implantation 79.1% of patients showed a MR of at most mild to moderate. Furthermore, we could demonstrate a significant reduction of systolic pulmonary artery pressure during follow-up (from 48.8 ± 11.4 mmHg to 42.9 ± 9.0 mmHg (t(41) = - 2.6, p = 0.01). However, no changes in LVEF were detected. Comparing pre and post implant lung function tests, no significant alterations were seen for VC, TLC, DLCO and FEV1. Though, in a subgroup of patients with moderate to severe preexisting deterioration of DLCO at the baseline (max. 50%) the MitraClip procedure resulted in a significant improvement in DLCO (37.8% ± 9.0 to 41.6% ± 10.0, p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Treatment of MR with the MitraClip system successfully reduces MR severity in the vast majority of patients. Consecutively, a reduction in pulmonary pressure could be observed, however no changes in LVEF were obvious. Lung function tests remained unaltered during follow-up. However, in a subgroup of patients with severe preexisting deterioration of DLCO the MitraClip procedure resulted in a significant improvement in DLCO. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Name of the registry: Die Auswirkung der interventionellen Mitralklappenreparatur mit MitraClip-System auf die Ergebnisse der Lungenfunktionsmessung. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: DRKS00022435; Date of registration: 09/07/2020 'Retrospectively registered'; URL of trial registry record: https://www.drks.de/drks_web/navigate.do?navigationId=trial.HTML&TRIAL_ID=DRKS00022435 .

3.
Strahlenther Onkol ; 197(4): 288-295, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33067652

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To quantify mean heart dose (MHD) and doses to the left anterior descending artery (LAD) and left ventricle (LV) in a retrospective series of patients who underwent perioperative accelerated partial breast irradiation with multicatheter interstitial brachytherapy (MIB-APBI). METHODS: Sixty-eight patients with low-risk left breast cancer were treated with MIB-APBI at our institution between 2012 and 2017. Interstitial tubes were inserted during the tumorectomy and sentinel node biopsy and APBI was started 6 days later. The prescribed dose was 34 Gy in 10 fractions (twice a day) to the clinical target volume (CTV). The heart, LAD, and LV were contoured and the distance between each structure and the CTV was measured. The MHD, mean and maximum LAD doses (LAD mean/max), and mean LV doses (LV mean) were calculated and corrected to biologically equivalent doses in 2­Gy fractionation (EQD2). We also evaluated the impact of the distance between the cardiac structures and the CTV and of the volume receiving the prescribed dose (V100) and high-dose volume (V150) on heart dosimetry. RESULTS: Mean EQD2 for MHD, LAD mean/max, and mean LV were 0.9 ± 0.4 Gy (range 0.3-2.2), 1.6 ± 1.1 Gy (range, 0.4-5.6), 2.6 ± 1.9 Gy (range, 0.7-9.2), and 1.3 ± 0.6 Gy (range, 0.5-3.4), respectively. MHD, LAD mean/max, and LV mean significantly correlated with the distance between the CTV and these structures, but all doses were below the recommended limits (German Society of Radiation Oncology; DEGRO). The MHD and LV mean were significantly dependent on V100. CONCLUSION: Perioperative MIB-APBI resulted in low cardiac doses in our study. This finding provides further support for the value of this technique in well-selected patients with early-stage left breast cancer.


Assuntos
Braquiterapia/métodos , Neoplasias da Mama/radioterapia , Mama/efeitos da radiação , Coração/efeitos da radiação , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dosagem Radioterapêutica , Estudos Retrospectivos
4.
Infection ; 48(4): 619-626, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32535877

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has spread worldwide causing a global health emergency. Pa-COVID-19 aims to provide comprehensive data on clinical course, pathophysiology, immunology and outcome of COVID-19, to identify prognostic biomarkers, clinical scores, and therapeutic targets for improved clinical management and preventive interventions. METHODS: Pa-COVID-19 is a prospective observational cohort study of patients with confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection treated at Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin. We collect data on epidemiology, demography, medical history, symptoms, clinical course, and pathogen testing and treatment. Systematic, serial blood sampling will allow deep molecular and immunological phenotyping, transcriptomic profiling, and comprehensive biobanking. Longitudinal data and sample collection during hospitalization will be supplemented by long-term follow-up. RESULTS: Outcome measures include the WHO clinical ordinal scale on day 15 and clinical, functional, and health-related quality-of-life assessments at discharge and during follow-up. We developed a scalable dataset to (i) suit national standards of care, (ii) facilitate comprehensive data collection in medical care facilities with varying resources, and (iii) allow for rapid implementation of interventional trials based on the standardized study design and data collection. We propose this scalable protocol as blueprint for harmonized data collection and deep phenotyping in COVID-19 in Germany. CONCLUSION: We established a basic platform for harmonized, scalable data collection, pathophysiological analysis, and deep phenotyping of COVID-19, which enables rapid generation of evidence for improved medical care and identification of candidate therapeutic and preventive strategies. The electronic database accredited for interventional trials allows fast trial implementation for candidate therapeutic agents. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Registered at the German registry for clinical studies (DRKS00021688).


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Pneumonia Viral/fisiopatologia , Sistema de Registros , Berlim/epidemiologia , Betacoronavirus , Bancos de Espécimes Biológicos , COVID-19 , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Gerenciamento Clínico , Humanos , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto , Pandemias , Fenótipo , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , SARS-CoV-2 , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Organização Mundial da Saúde
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