Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 13 de 13
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Geriatr Nurs ; 22(4): 198-200, 2001.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-11505246

RESUMO

Tai chi, a type of low-intensity exercise, has received growing attention in both eastern and western cultures, especially its use with the most rapidly increasing segment of the population-elders. Previous research findings further supported the idea that tai chi is appropriate for elderly populations and helps promote their well-being. In this article, the beneficial effects of tai chi for elders are summarized, resources to increase awareness about the exercise are provided, and ways to promote tai chi in elderly populations are suggested.


Assuntos
Idoso/psicologia , Enfermagem Geriátrica/métodos , Tai Ji/métodos , Atitude Frente a Saúde , Enfermagem Geriátrica/educação , Enfermagem Geriátrica/normas , Enfermagem Geriátrica/tendências , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Serviços de Informação , Internet , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Tai Ji/educação , Tai Ji/enfermagem , Tai Ji/psicologia , Tai Ji/normas , Tai Ji/tendências
2.
J Holist Nurs ; 19(3): 238-55, 2001 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-11847870

RESUMO

Research has documented the positive effects that t'ai chi has on the well-being of elders. However, the reasons that elders practice t'ai chi have not been explored. The purpose of this study was to describe the facilitators and barriers to t'ai chi practice in elderly populations. Taiwanese community-dwelling elders (40 of whom practiced t'ai chi and 40 who did not) aged 65 and older, matched on age and gender, were interviewed. Results showed that encouragement from others was the most important factor for elders to practice t'ai chi, whereas positive health outcomes were the reason they continued to practice it. Most of the non-t'ai chi group participants had never thought about practicing t'ai chi because they felt they were too weak to practice. Because t'ai chi can be helpful in promoting the well-being of elders, it is essential for health care professionals to overcome the barriers to its uses in elderly populations.


Assuntos
Promoção da Saúde , Aptidão Física/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida , Tai Ji/psicologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Envelhecimento/psicologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Inquéritos e Questionários , Taiwan
3.
Gerontologist ; 40(6): 654-62, 2000 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-11131082

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to determine the effect on clinical outcomes for newly admitted nursing home residents when advanced practice gerontological nurses (APNs) worked with staff to implement scientifically based protocols for incontinence, pressure ulcers, depression, and aggressive behavior. Use of APNs in this manner differs from the usual way APNs have been used in nursing homes, in which their primary focus has been to augment the physician's role. The APN treatment was randomly assigned to two nursing homes and usual care was assigned to a third. Trajectories from admission to 6 months revealed that residents with APN input into their care (n = 86) experienced significantly greater improvement or less decline in incontinence, pressure ulcers, and aggressive behavior, and they had higher mean composite trajectory scores compared with residents receiving usual care (n = 111). Significantly less deterioration in affect was noted in cognitively impaired residents in the treatment group. Findings suggest that APNs can be effective links between current scientific knowledge about clinical problems and nursing home staff.


Assuntos
Enfermagem Geriátrica/normas , Assistência de Longa Duração , Enfermeiras Clínicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Instituições de Cuidados Especializados de Enfermagem , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Agressão , Depressão/enfermagem , Feminino , Seguimentos , Avaliação Geriátrica , Pesquisa sobre Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Descrição de Cargo , Assistência de Longa Duração/normas , Masculino , Minnesota , Enfermeiras Clínicas/normas , Pesquisa em Avaliação de Enfermagem , Lesão por Pressão/enfermagem , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Garantia da Qualidade dos Cuidados de Saúde/organização & administração , Instituições de Cuidados Especializados de Enfermagem/normas , Incontinência Urinária/enfermagem , Recursos Humanos
4.
Int J Geriatr Psychiatry ; 15(10): 931-9, 2000 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-11044875

RESUMO

This population-based study investigated the relationship between stresses (hassles) and burnout for 30 family caregivers and their institutionalized demented elderly. The Burnout Measure, the Patient Hassles Scales and the Nursing Home Hassles Scale were used. Hassles included: patient hassles (cognitive, behavior, basic ADL) and nursing home hassles (caregiver - staff, patient - staff, practical/logistical). The caregiver's characteristics are described in relation to burnout and the caregiver's most frequent hassles are discussed. All subscales except basic ADL were correlated to burnout. However, regression analysis showed the nursing home hassles to be the most important stresses explaining variance in burnout among family caregivers.


Assuntos
Cuidadores/psicologia , Demência/enfermagem , Família/psicologia , Relações Interpessoais , Casas de Saúde , Estresse Psicológico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Vigilância da População , Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica , Análise de Regressão , Suécia
5.
Res Nurs Health ; 23(3): 237-45, 2000 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-10871539

RESUMO

A satisfaction instrument specifically designed for use with nursing home residents, the Satisfaction with the Nursing Home Instrument (SNHI), was developed and tested with a sample of 110 nursing home residents from three proprietary facilities in Minnesota. As hypothesized, significant relationships were found between SNHI scores and measures of affect (negatively associated with depression and positively associated with morale), providing support for the construct validity of the scale. The lack of a significant relationship between SNHI scores and both age and mental status confirmed the predicted divergent validity of the instrument. The alpha coefficient for the 29-item scale was 0.81.


Assuntos
Casas de Saúde , Satisfação do Paciente , Psicometria/métodos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Grupos Diagnósticos Relacionados , Análise Fatorial , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Minnesota , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
6.
Clin Nurse Spec ; 14(1): 40-6, 2000 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-11188464

RESUMO

This article describes a set of strategies used by gerontologic advanced practice nurses (GAPNs) in three nursing homes to integrate the use of protocols into the daily care of residents. The protocols were developed as part of a larger study on the quality of care in nursing homes carried out by nurse researchers at the University of Minnesota and funded by the National Institute of Nursing Research (R01-NR03490). The GAPNs worked regularly with nursing home staff to incorporate aspects of protocols into daily care routines for residents with four specific problems common in elderly residents of nursing homes: pressure ulcers, incontinence, depression, and aggressive behavior. Outcomes of the larger study showed that residents with these four problems had better outcomes in the homes in which care was planned by the GAPNs using protocols that were integrated into the daily routines of staff.


Assuntos
Enfermagem Geriátrica/normas , Enfermeiras Clínicas/normas , Casas de Saúde/normas , Desenvolvimento de Pessoal/métodos , Idoso , Humanos , Pesquisa em Administração de Enfermagem , Avaliação em Enfermagem , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem/normas , Planejamento de Assistência ao Paciente , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde
8.
J Gerontol Nurs ; 24(2): 21-9, 1998 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-9624963

RESUMO

Depression in newly admitted nursing home residents is a frequently overlooked area of nursing concern. Educating staff to systematically use a standardized depression assessment protocol with all newly admitted residents would facilitate efforts to enhance the quality of residents' lives by identifying depression so that prompt treatment is possible. Other previously admitted residents who appear to be particularly vulnerable to depression would also benefit from this assessment. The use of this protocol for the assessment of depression offers the possibility of providing more accurate and more comprehensive information regarding mood states than that currently being documented in the Minimum Data Set.


Assuntos
Transtorno Depressivo/enfermagem , Avaliação Geriátrica , Avaliação em Enfermagem/métodos , Casas de Saúde , Admissão do Paciente , Idoso , Humanos , Moral , Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica
9.
Nurs Res ; 46(4): 222-9, 1997.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-9261296

RESUMO

Changes in moral reasoning between entry into and exit from a baccalaureate nursing program and the relationship between student characteristics and moral reasoning at entry and exit were explored in this descriptive study. The moral reasoning of four cohorts of students was measured using the Defining Issues Test (DIT). Admission grade point average, prior college credits, and gender accounted for 10% of the variance in DIT P% scores at entry and 14% of the variance at exit from the program. Female students had significantly higher moral reasoning scores than men. Age did not contribute significantly to explaining DIT score variance. DIT P% scores at entry for all four cohorts were within the range of reported norms for college students. Exit scores for all four cohorts were between the normative means for undergraduate students and graduate students. DIT P% score gains between entry and exit were significant for all four cohorts. Students whose entry scores were in the lowest categories had the greatest mean gains.


Assuntos
Bacharelado em Enfermagem , Princípios Morais , Estudantes de Enfermagem/psicologia , Adulto , Bacharelado em Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Ética em Enfermagem , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Minnesota , Análise de Regressão , Critérios de Admissão Escolar/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores Sexuais , Estudantes de Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos
11.
J Nurs Educ ; 33(9): 395-404, 1994 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-7853056

RESUMO

This article describes an approach to the evaluation of students' clinical performance. Specifically, the paper describes: (a) the history of the evaluation of clinical performance in nursing education; (b) the development of the Clinical Evaluation Tool (CET), an instrument designed to measure the clinical performance of nursing students across settings; and (c) the relationships between basic baccalaureate nursing students' scores on the CET and the following variables: age, college credits earned prior to entry to the program, grade point average at entry, college aptitude, and moral reasoning.


Assuntos
Competência Clínica/normas , Bacharelado em Enfermagem/normas , Avaliação Educacional/métodos , Estudantes de Enfermagem , Adulto , Humanos , Modelos Lineares , Pesquisa em Avaliação de Enfermagem , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários
12.
J Nurs Educ ; 33(7): 306-16, 1994 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-7990000

RESUMO

Grounded in cumulative findings on teaching effectiveness from K-12 education, higher education, and professional education, this process-product study empirically explored the relationship between 24 specific teacher behaviors generally thought to be effective for student learning and learning outcomes of baccalaureate nursing students. Two measures of learning in a critical care practicum taught by staff nurse preceptors were used: performance in the practicum as assessed on a clinical evaluation instrument developed by faculty, and performance on a standardized test of knowledge in critical care. Important aspects of clinical teaching effectiveness included the ability to set clear objectives to help students organize their learning, to ask appropriate questions, to provide specific and timely feedback to students, and to convey a positive, concerned attitude. Certain teaching behaviors showed significant relationships with cognitive learning outcomes, while others were tied to performance outcomes.


Assuntos
Docentes de Enfermagem/normas , Aprendizagem , Estudantes de Enfermagem , Ensino/normas , Competência Clínica , Cuidados Críticos/normas , Bacharelado em Enfermagem/normas , Avaliação Educacional , Humanos , Meio-Oeste dos Estados Unidos , Modelos Educacionais , Preceptoria/normas
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA