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1.
J Contemp Dent Pract ; 22(6): 680-685, 2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34393127

RESUMO

AIM: The aim of the study is (a) To use collagen as a pulpotomy material in comparison with the gold standard formocresol-based pulpotomy, (b) to assess the clinical and radiographic success rate of formocresol pulpotomy and collagen-based pulpotomy, and (c) to compare the success rate of formocresol-based pulpotomy and collagen-based pulpotomy over a definitive interval of time. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Totally 30 primary first or second molars indicated for pulpotomy after confirming with the operative diagnosis were taken as samples for this study. This split-mouth technique consists of two groups: Group 1-formocresol pulpotomy (n = 15), and group 2-collagen-based pulpotomy (n = 15). Both the procedures were done in the same patient on regular appointments. Pre- and postoperative radiographs were taken. The children were recalled for clinical and radiographic follow-up at 2, 4, and 6 months. The success of the procedure was assessed based on clinical signs (pain, tenderness to percussion, abscess, swelling, fistula, and pathologic mobility) and radiographic findings (radicular radiolucency, internal and external root resorption, periodontal ligament (PDL) space widening, and furcation radiolucency). The Chi-square test was used to compare the differences between the groups. RESULT: The overall success rate for formocresol pulpotomy (n = 15) was 14, 13, and 10 for the second-, fourth-, and sixth-month review period, respectively. For collagen pulpotomy group (n = 15), the overall success rate was 14, 14, and 14 for the second-, fourth-, and sixth-month review period, respectively. The obtained data from the overall success rate were subjected to statistical analysis, and chi-square test was used. The p-value less than 0.1 was considered a statistically significant result. The chi-square value for the fourth- and sixth-month review was 0.37 and 3.33, respectively. CONCLUSION: Statistically significant value was obtained from the sixth-month review period (p <0.1), which describes that the overall success rate was better for the collagen pulpotomy group when compared with the formocresol pulpotomy group. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Collagen had proven to be a very good alternative for formocresol, its biocompatibility, and regenerative efficiency and is a benchmark for a better clinical success rate in dentistry. However, its implication in pulpotomy should be subjected to further comparative research study on mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA), Biodentine, etc. Keywords: Collagen-based pulpotomy, Formocresol-based pulpotomy.


Assuntos
Formocresóis , Pulpotomia , Compostos de Alumínio , Compostos de Cálcio , Criança , Colágeno , Combinação de Medicamentos , Humanos , Dente Molar/diagnóstico por imagem , Dente Molar/cirurgia , Óxidos , Silicatos , Dente Decíduo
2.
J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent ; 39(1): 42-46, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33885386

RESUMO

Aim: To evaluate and compare the body mass index (BMI) of school-going children with bruxism and without bruxism of age between 6 and 12 years. Settings and Design: To find the correlation between BMI and oral habit bruxism among school children and compare with those children without bruxism. Materials and Methods: A total of 6122 children were screened from 28 government and 12 private schools, in which 1854 (30.28%) had various types of oral habits. Among this 280 children had the stressful habit bruxism. The BMI of those children was calculated by measuring the height and weight. The values were compared with the BMI of same number of students of same age group, who does not have any oral habits, with the WHO standard. The values were calculated and tabulated for the statistical analysis, using the SPSS software version 19 (IBM company) with the P < 0.05 as statistically significant. Results: Its shows that children with bruxism has high BMI range, was in the order of overweight > Normal > Underweight, but the BMI of children without any habit was in the order of normal > Underweight > Overweight. On comparison, it was statistically significant. Conclusion: The habit bruxism had a positive correlation with the BMI of children. The children are more stressed from both indoor and outdoor. Hence, kindly educate all the parents, teachers, and public to identify the cause for the habit, because each oral habit is strongly deep rooted with some emotional and/or psychological problem and to make the children stress free in future.


Assuntos
Bruxismo , Índice de Massa Corporal , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Instituições Acadêmicas
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