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1.
J Clin Immunol ; 39(1): 81-89, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30607663

RESUMO

The association of immunodeficiency-related vaccine-derived rubella virus (iVDRV) with cutaneous and visceral granulomatous disease has been reported in patients with primary immunodeficiency disorders (PIDs). The majority of these PID patients with rubella-positive granulomas had DNA repair disorders. To support this line of inquiry, we provide additional descriptive data on seven previously reported patients with Nijmegen breakage syndrome (NBS) (n = 3) and ataxia telangiectasia (AT) (n = 4) as well as eight previously unreported patients with iVDRV-induced cutaneous granulomas and DNA repair disorders including NBS (n = 1), AT (n = 5), DNA ligase 4 deficiency (n = 1), and Artemis deficiency (n = 1). We also provide descriptive data on several previously unreported PID patients with iVDRV-induced cutaneous granulomas including cartilage hair hypoplasia (n = 1), warts, hypogammaglobulinemia, immunodeficiency, myelokathexis (WHIM) syndrome (n = 1), MHC class II deficiency (n = 1), Coronin-1A deficiency (n = 1), X-linked severe combined immunodeficiency (X-SCID) (n = 1), and combined immunodeficiency without a molecular diagnosis (n = 1). At the time of this report, the median age of the patients with skin granulomas and DNA repair disorders was 9 years (range 3-18). Cutaneous granulomas have been documented in all, while visceral granulomas were observed in six cases (40%). All patients had received rubella virus vaccine. The median duration of time elapsed from vaccination to the development of cutaneous granulomas was 48 months (range 2-152). Hematopoietic cell transplantation was reported to result in scarring resolution of cutaneous granulomas in two patients with NBS, one patient with AT, one patient with Artemis deficiency, one patient with DNA Ligase 4 deficiency, one patient with MHC class II deficiency, and one patient with combined immunodeficiency without a known molecular etiology. Of the previously reported and unreported cases, the majority share the diagnosis of a DNA repair disorder. Analysis of additional patients with this complication may clarify determinants of rubella pathogenesis, identify specific immune defects resulting in chronic infection, and may lead to defect-specific therapies.

2.
Pediatr Dermatol ; 33(6): 615-620, 2016 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27599450

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In recent years propranolol has become the treatment of choice for infantile hemangiomas (IHs). There is broad variation in the approach to propranolol initiation in clinical practice. This retrospective study explored the effectiveness of routine pre-treatment ECG in screening infants being considered for systemic treatment with propranolol. METHODS: All patients seen in the outpatient pediatric dermatology clinics at Oregon Health and Sciences University (OHSU) and The Mayo Clinic Rochester (MCR), as well as those seen in multidisciplinary vascular anomalies clinics, who had ECGs obtained prior to planned initiation of propranolol for treatment of IH from 2008 to 2013, were identified. A total of 162 patients were included in the study. RESULTS: We found that 43% (69) of routine ECGs were read as abnormal, leading to 28 formal consultation appointments with pediatric cardiologists. After either formal consultation or informal discussion with cardiology, no patients with initially "abnormal" ECGs were ultimately excluded from treatment with propranolol based on routine ECG findings. Additionally no patients in our cohort experienced an adverse effect during treatment that could have been predicted or prevented by ECG prior to initiation of the propranolol. CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that routine ECG may not be necessary or helpful in the vast majority of patients treated with propranolol for IHs.


Assuntos
Antagonistas Adrenérgicos beta/uso terapêutico , Eletrocardiografia , Hemangioma Capilar/tratamento farmacológico , Propranolol/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Cutâneas/tratamento farmacológico , Hemangioma , Hemangioma Capilar/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Lactente , Pacientes Ambulatoriais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Cutâneas/diagnóstico por imagem , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Pediatr Dermatol ; 31(6): 716-21, 2014 Nov-Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23405946

RESUMO

Osteopetrosis, lymphedema, hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia, and immunodeficiency (OL-HED-ID) is a rare X-linked disorder with only three reported prior cases in the English-language literature. We describe a case of OL-HED-ID in a male infant who initially presented with congenital lymphedema, leukocytosis, and thrombocytopenia of unknown etiology at 7 days of age. He subsequently developed gram-negative sepsis and multiple opportunistic infections including high-level cytomegalovirus viremia and Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia. The infant was noted to have mildly xerotic skin, fine sparse hair, and periorbital wrinkling, all features suggestive of ectodermal dysplasia. Skeletal imaging showed findings consistent with osteopetrosis, and immunologic investigation revealed hypogammaglobulinemia and mixed T- and B-cell dysfunction. Genetic testing revealed a novel mutation in the nuclear factor kappa beta (NF-KB) essential modulator (NEMO) gene, confirming the diagnosis of OL-HED-ID. Mutations in the NEMO gene have been reported in association with hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia with immunodeficiency (HED-ID), OL-HED-ID, and incontinentia pigmenti. In this case, we report a novel mutation in the NEMO gene associated with OL-HED-ID. This article highlights the dermatologic manifestations of a rare disorder, OL-HED-ID, and underscores the importance of early recognition and prompt intervention to prevent life-threatening infections.


Assuntos
Displasia Ectodérmica Anidrótica Tipo 1/complicações , Displasia Ectodérmica/complicações , Doenças Genéticas Ligadas ao Cromossomo X/complicações , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/complicações , Linfedema/complicações , Infecções Oportunistas/complicações , Osteopetrose/complicações , Displasia Ectodérmica/genética , Displasia Ectodérmica/terapia , Displasia Ectodérmica Anidrótica Tipo 1/genética , Displasia Ectodérmica Anidrótica Tipo 1/terapia , Doenças Genéticas Ligadas ao Cromossomo X/genética , Doenças Genéticas Ligadas ao Cromossomo X/terapia , Humanos , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/genética , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/terapia , Recém-Nascido , Linfedema/genética , Linfedema/terapia , Masculino , Infecções Oportunistas/genética , Infecções Oportunistas/terapia , Osteopetrose/genética , Osteopetrose/terapia
4.
Am J Cardiol ; 112(12): 1948-52, 2013 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24079520

RESUMO

PHACE syndrome represents the association of large infantile hemangiomas of the head and neck with brain, cerebrovascular, cardiac, ocular, and ventral or midline defects. Cardiac and cerebrovascular anomalies are the most common extracutaneous features of PHACE, and they also constitute the greatest source of potential morbidity. Congenital heart disease in PHACE is incompletely described, and this study was conducted to better characterize its features. This study of the International PHACE Syndrome Registry represents the largest central review of clinical, radiologic, and histopathologic data for cardiovascular anomalies in patients with PHACE to date. Sixty-two (41%) of 150 subjects had intracardiac, aortic arch, or brachiocephalic vessel anomalies. Aberrant origin of a subclavian artery was the most common cardiovascular anomaly (present in 31 (21%) of 150 subjects). Coarctation was the second most common anomaly, identified in 28 (19%) of 150 subjects, and can be missed clinically in patients with PHACE because of the frequent association of arch obstruction with aberrant subclavian origin. Twenty-three (37%) of 62 subjects with cardiovascular anomalies required procedural intervention. A greater percentage of hemangiomas were located on the left side of the head and neck in patients with coarctation (46% vs 39%); however, hemangioma distribution did not predict the presence of cardiovascular anomalies overall. In conclusion, PHACE is associated with a high risk of congenital heart disease. Cardiac and aortic arch imaging with detailed assessment of arch patency and brachiocephalic origins is essential for any patient suspected of having PHACE. Longitudinal investigation is needed to determine the long-term outcomes of cardiovascular anomalies in PHACE.


Assuntos
Aorta Torácica/anormalidades , Coartação Aórtica/epidemiologia , Tronco Braquiocefálico/anormalidades , Anormalidades do Olho/epidemiologia , Cardiopatias Congênitas/epidemiologia , Síndromes Neurocutâneas/epidemiologia , Sistema de Registros , Comorbidade , Feminino , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Veia Subclávia/anormalidades , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
5.
J Invest Dermatol ; 133(3): 677-684, 2013 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23096700

RESUMO

PHACE syndrome is the association of large segmental facial hemangiomas and congenital anomalies, such as posterior fossa malformations, cerebral arterial anomalies, coarctation of the aorta, eye anomalies, and sternal defects. To date, the reported cases of PHACE syndrome have been sporadic, suggesting that PHACE may have a complex pathogenesis. We report here genomic copy number variation (CNV) analysis of 98 individuals with PHACE syndrome as a first step in deciphering a potential genetic basis of PHACE syndrome. A total of 3,772 CNVs (2,507 duplications and 1,265 deletions) were detected in 98 individuals with PHACE syndrome. CNVs were then eliminated if they failed to meet established criteria for quality, spanned centromeres, or did not contain genes. CNVs were defined as "rare" if not documented in the database of genomic variants. Ten rare CNVs were discovered (size range: 134-406 kb), located at 1q32.1, 1q43, 3q26.32-3q26.33, 3p11.1, 7q33, 10q24.32, 12q24.13, 17q11.2, 18p11.31, and Xq28. There were no rare CNV events that occurred in more than one subject. Therefore, further study is needed to determine the significance of these CNVs in the pathogenesis of PHACE syndrome.


Assuntos
Coartação Aórtica/genética , Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA/genética , DNA/genética , Anormalidades do Olho/genética , Síndromes Neurocutâneas/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Técnicas de Genotipagem , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Transdução de Sinais , Adulto Jovem
6.
J Am Acad Dermatol ; 61(6): 1060.e1-14, 2009 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19664847

RESUMO

Porokeratotic eccrine ostial and dermal duct nevus and a similar condition, porokeratotic eccrine and hair follicle nevus, are rare disorders of keratinization with eccrine and hair follicle involvement. We describe the clinical features in 5 patients, all of whom had widespread skin involvement following the lines of Blaschko. Two patients presented with erosions in the newborn period as the initial manifestation of their disease; one had an associated structural anomaly, unilateral breast hypoplasia; and one adult had malignant transformation in the nevus with development of multifocal squamous cell carcinomas. Three patients had histologic involvement of both acrosyringia and acrotrichia. Based on the observation of overlapping histologic features, we propose the name "porokeratotic adnexal ostial nevus" to incorporate the previously described entities porokeratotic eccrine ostial and dermal duct nevus and porokeratotic eccrine and hair follicle nevus.


Assuntos
Nevo Intradérmico/patologia , Poroceratose/patologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Neoplasias das Glândulas Sudoríparas/patologia , Adulto , Feminino , Folículo Piloso , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Nevo Intradérmico/classificação , Nevo Intradérmico/congênito , Poroceratose/classificação , Neoplasias Cutâneas/classificação , Neoplasias Cutâneas/congênito
7.
Ophthalmic Genet ; 26(3): 131-3, 2005 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16272058

RESUMO

An 11-month-old infant girl presented with right-sided features of aplasia cutis congenita of the scalp, unilateral epibulbar dermoids, eccentric pupil, coloboma of the right upper eyelid, and depigmentation of the fundus surrounding the right optic nerve. These findings were similar to the oculoectodermal syndrome reported by other clinicians and researchers.


Assuntos
Coloboma/genética , Cisto Dermoide/genética , Displasia Ectodérmica/genética , Neoplasias Oculares/genética , Pálpebras/anormalidades , Distúrbios Pupilares/genética , Retinite Pigmentosa/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Síndrome
8.
Pediatr Neurol ; 29(1): 66-8, 2003 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-13679126

RESUMO

Incontinentia Pigmenti is an X-linked dominant neurocutaneous disorder with central nervous system manifestations in 30% of cases, including seizures and mental retardation. Ischemic or hemorrhagic cerebrovascular accidents have been reported rarely in incontinentia pigmenti. Chart review and literature search was performed following identification of the index case. We describe a patient with incontinentia pigmenti who developed bilateral cerebrovascular accidents in the neonatal period, with resultant severe neurologic sequelae. This is the second reported case of bilateral cerebrovascular accidents in a patient with incontinentia pigmenti. This finding may be secondary to cerebrovascular anomalies, similar to those observed in the retina. Recognition of cerebrovascular accidents as a complication of incontinentia pigmenti will hopefully lead to earlier recognition and treatment.


Assuntos
Incontinência Pigmentar/complicações , Incontinência Pigmentar/patologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido
9.
J Cutan Med Surg ; 6(3): 221-5, 2002 May-Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12001002

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Granuloma gluteale infantum is a skin disorder of controversial etiology manifested clinically by oval reddish-purple granulomatous nodules on the gluteal surfaces and groin areas of infants. Similar granulomas are noted in adults and the elderly and are referred to as granuloma gluteale adultorum and diaper area granuloma of the aged, respectively. Occlusion from diapers, paper napkins, plastic pants, detergents, starch, powder, halogenated steroids, candidal infection, and urine and feces are postulated as possible etiologies. OBJECTIVE: We report a case of a 40-year-old woman presenting with a 3-year history of multiple, painful, closely set, red-purple, oval, smooth, firm papules and nodules in the genitocrural area. The development of the lesions was associated with prolonged use of topical benzocaine. Histology of the lesions was consistent with granuloma gluteale infantum. Gram stain and culture of representative tissue did not demonstrate bacterial or fungal organisms. The lesions significantly improved with discontinuation of topical benzocaine. Patch testing of skin to determine allergic contact hypersensitivity to benzocaine was negative. CONCLUSION: We propose that topical benzocaine preparations may play a role in the pathogenesis of granuloma gluteale adultorum, independent of contact sensitization to benzocaine.


Assuntos
Anestésicos Locais/efeitos adversos , Benzocaína/efeitos adversos , Genitália Feminina , Granuloma/induzido quimicamente , Dermatopatias/induzido quimicamente , Adulto , Feminino , Granuloma/patologia , Humanos , Dermatopatias/patologia
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