Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 70
Filtrar
1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34783927

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Risk assessment on the molecular level is important in predictive pathology to determine the risk of metastatic disease for ERpos, HER2neg breast cancer. The gene expression test EndoPredict (EP) was trained and validated for prediction of a 10-year risk of distant recurrence to support therapy decisions regarding endocrine therapy alone or in combination with chemotherapy. The EP test provides the 12-gene Molecular Score (MS) and the EPclin-Score (EPclin), which combines the molecular score with tumor size and nodal status. In this project we investigated the correlation of 12-gene MS and EPclin scores with classical pathological markers. METHODS: EndoPredict-based gene expression profiling was performed prospectively in a total of 1652 patients between 2017 and 2020. We investigated tumor grading and Ki67 cut-offs of 20% for binary classification as well as 10% and 30% for three classes (low, intermediate, high), based on national and international guidelines. RESULTS: 410 (24.8%) of 1652 patients were classified as 12-gene MS low risk and 626 (37.9%) as EPclin low risk. We found significant positive associations between 12-gene MS and grading (p < 0.001), EPclin and grading (p = 0.001), 12-gene MS and Ki67 (p < 0.001), and EPclin and Ki67 (p < 0.001). However, clinically relevant differences between EP test results, Ki67 and tumor grading were observed. For example, 118 (26.3%) of 449 patients with Ki67 > 20% were classified as low risk by EPclin. Same differences were seen comparing EP test results and tumor grading. CONCLUSION: In this study we could show that EP risk scores are distributed differentially among Ki67 expression groups, especially in Ki67 low and high tumors with a substantial proportion of patients with EPclin high risk results in Ki67 low tumors and vice versa. This suggests that classical pathological parameters and gene expression parameters are not interchangeable, but should be used in combination for risk assessment.

2.
J Clin Oncol ; 39(2): 126-135, 2021 01 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33108242

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The Oncotype DX Recurrence Score (RS), Prosigna Prediction Analysis of Microarray 50 (PAM50) Risk of Recurrence (ROR), EndoPredict (EP), and Breast Cancer Index (BCI) are used clinically for estimating risk of distant recurrence for patients receiving endocrine therapy. Discordances in estimates occur between them. We aimed to identify the molecular features that drive the tests and lead to these differences. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Analyses for RS, ROR, EP, and BCI were conducted by the manufacturers in the TransATAC sample collection that consisted of the tamoxifen or anastrozole arms of the ATAC trial. Estrogen receptor-positive/human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative cases without chemotherapy treatment were included in which all four tests were available (n = 785). Clinicopathologic features included in some tests were excluded from the comparisons. Estrogen, proliferation, invasion, and HER2 module scores from RS were used to characterize the respective molecular features. Spearman correlation and analysis of variance tests were applied. RESULTS: There were moderate to strong correlations among the four molecular scores (ρ = 0.63-0.74) except for RS versus ROR (ρ = 0.32) and RS versus BCI (ρ = 0.35). RS had strong negative correlation with its estrogen module (ρ = -0.79) and moderate positive correlation with its proliferation module (ρ = 0.36). RS's proliferation module explained 72.5% of ROR's variance, while the estrogen module explained only 0.6%. Most of EP's and BCI's variation was accounted for by the proliferation module (50.0% and 54.3%, respectively) and much less by the estrogen module (20.2% and 2.7%, respectively). CONCLUSION: In contrast to common understanding, RSs are determined more strongly by estrogen-related features and only weakly by proliferation markers. However, the EP, BCI, and particularly ROR scores are determined largely by proliferative features. These relationships help to explain the differences in the prognostic performance of the tests.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/genética , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anastrozol/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , RNA Neoplásico/genética , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Medição de Risco/métodos , Tamoxifeno/uso terapêutico
3.
Eur J Cancer ; 134: 99-106, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32502940

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NaCT) and neoadjuvant endocrine therapy (NET) can reduce pre-operative tumour burden in patients with estrogen receptor (ER)-positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative early-stage breast cancer. This prospective translational study assessed the ability of a 12-gene molecular score (MS; EndoPredict®) to predict response to NaCT or NET within the ABCSG-34 trial. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Hormone receptor (HR)-positive, HER2-negative samples from patients in the ABCSG-34 randomized phase II trial were selected and EndoPredict testing was performed to generate a 12-gene MS. ABCSG-34 patients were assigned to receive either NaCT or NET based on menopausal status, HR expression, grade and Ki67. Response was measured by residual cancer burden (RCB). RESULTS: Patients selected for NaCT generally had high-risk disease by 12-gene MS (125/134), while slightly more patients treated with NET had low-risk disease (44/83). Low-risk NaCT-treated and high-risk NET-treated tumours responded poorly (NPV 100% [95% CI 66.4%-100%] and NPV 92.3% [95% CI 79.1%-98.4%], respectively]. The 12-gene MS significantly predicted treatment response for NaCT (AUC 0.736 [95% CI 0.63-0.84]) and NET (AUC 0.726 [95% CI 0.60-0.85]). CONCLUSIONS: The 12-gene MS predicted RCB after treatment with neoadjuvant therapies for patients with HR-positive, HER2-negative early-stage breast cancer. Tumours with low MS were unlikely to benefit from NaCT, whereas a high MS predicted resistance to NET. This additional biologic information can aid personalized treatment selection in daily practice and builds a strong rationale to use EndoPredict in biomarker-driven studies in the neoadjuvant setting.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Receptores de Estrogênio/metabolismo , Receptores de Progesterona/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos
4.
Clin Cancer Res ; 26(17): 4682-4687, 2020 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32561662

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Invasive lobular carcinoma (ILC) accounts for approximately 5%-15% of all invasive breast cancer cases. Most of the correlations between multigene assays and patient outcome were derived from studies based on patients with invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC) or without distinction between the subtypes. Here, we investigate the prognostic value of EndoPredict (EPclin) in a large cohort of ILCs pooled from three phase III randomized trials (ABCSG-6, ABCSG-8, TransATAC). EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: The primary objective of this analysis was to determine the prognostic value of EPclin for distant recurrence (DR) in years 0-10 in postmenopausal women with ILC. The primary outcome was DR. RESULTS: 470 women (17.9%) presented with ILC, 1,944 (73.9%) with IDC, and 216 (8.2%) with other histologic types. EPclin was highly prognostic in women with ILC [HR = 3.32 (2.54-4.34)] and provided more prognostic value than the Clinical Treatment Score [CTS; HR = 2.17 (1.73-2.72)]. 63.4% of women were categorized into the low EPclin risk group and they had a 10-year DR of 4.8% (2.7-8.4) compared with 36.6% of women in the high-risk group with a 10-year DR risk of 26.6% (20.0-35.0). EPclin also provided highly prognostic information in women with node-negative disease [HR = 2.56 (1.63-4.02)] and node-positive disease [HR = 3.70 (2.49-5.50)]. CONCLUSIONS: EPclin provided highly significant prognostic value and significant risk stratification for women with ILC. Ten-year DR risk in the EPclin low-risk groups were similar between ILC and IDC. Our results show that EPclin is informative in women with ILC and suggest that it is equally valid in both histologic subtypes.

5.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 27(3): 765-771, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31907749

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neo-adjuvant chemotherapy (NaCT) facilitates complete surgical resection in locally advanced breast cancer. Due to its association with improved outcome, complete pathologic response (pCR) to neo-adjuvant treatment has been accepted as a surrogate for long-term outcome in clinical trials of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive, triple-negative, or luminal B breast cancer patients. In contrast, NaCT is effective in only ~ 7-10% of estrogen receptor (ER)-positive, HER2-negative disease. Response biomarkers would enable such patients to be selected for NaCT. METHODS: Two commercially available breast cancer prognostic signatures [12-gene molecular score (MS) and the 21-gene Recurrence Score (RS)] were compared in their ability to predict pCR to NaCT in ER-positive, HER2-negative breast cancer in six public RNA expression microarray data sets. Scores were approximated according to published algorithms and analyzed by logistic regression. RESULTS: Expression data were available for 764 ER-positive, HER2-negative breast cancer samples, including 59 patients with pCR. The two scores were well correlated. Either score was a significant predictor of pCR (12-gene MS p = 9.4 × 10-5; 21-gene RS p = 0.0041). However, in a model containing both scores, the 12-gene MS remained significant (p = 0.0079), while the 21-gene RS did not (p = 0.79). CONCLUSIONS: In this microarray study, two commercial breast cancer prognostic scores were significant predictors of response to NaCT. In direct comparison, the 12-gene MS outperformed the 21-gene RS as a predictive marker for NaCT. Considering pCR as surrogate for improved survival, these results support the ability of both scores to predict chemotherapy sensitivity.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Terapia Neoadjuvante/métodos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Receptores de Estrogênio/metabolismo , Receptores de Progesterona/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/genética , Prognóstico , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
6.
J Comp Eff Res ; 8(15): 1257-1259, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31741394
7.
Clin Cancer Res ; 25(13): 3865-3872, 2019 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31064782

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Prognostic molecular assays may aid in treatment decisions for women with estrogen receptor (ER)-positive, HER2-negative breast cancer. The prognostic value of a 12-gene expression assay (EndoPredict) was reevaluated in the combined ABCSG-6/8 cohorts with longer clinical follow-up. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: EndoPredict (EP; molecular score, EPclin score) was evaluated in women with ER-positive, HER2-negative node-positive and node-negative breast cancer who received 5 years of endocrine therapy only (median follow-up, 9.6 years; N = 1,702). Distant recurrence-free rate (DRFR; 95% confidence interval) was assessed 10 and 15 years after diagnosis. RESULTS: Overall, 62.6% of patients had low-risk EPclin scores with significantly improved DRFR relative to high-risk patients (HR, 4.77; 95% CI, 3.37-6.67; P < 0.0001). Ten-year DRFR (0-10 years) was improved among patients with low-risk versus high-risk EPclin scores in the full cohort [95.5% (94.1%-97.0%) vs. 80.3% (76.9%-83.9%)] as well as for patients with node-negative disease [95.5% (94.0%-97.1%) vs. 87.0% (82.6%-91.7%)] or with 1 to 3 positive nodes [95.6% (92.2%-99.1%) vs. 80.9% (75.9%-86.1%)]. The molecular and EPclin scores were significant predictors of DRFR after adjusting for clinical variables, regardless of nodal status. Similar results were observed for late recurrence (5-15 years; HR, 4.52; 95% CI, 2.65-7.72; P < 0.0001). The EPclin score significantly added prognostic information to a late metastasis nomogram (CTS5 score; P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates that EPclin can identify patients at low risk for early or late recurrence who may safely forgo adjuvant chemotherapy or extended endocrine therapy, respectively, regardless of nodal status.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Receptor ErbB-2/genética , Receptores de Estrogênio/genética , Antineoplásicos Hormonais/uso terapêutico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Linfonodos/patologia , Metástase Neoplásica , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Recidiva , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Breast Cancer Res Treat ; 176(2): 377-386, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31041683

RESUMO

PURPOSE: EndoPredict (EPclin) is a prognostic test validated to inform decisions on adjuvant chemotherapy to endocrine therapy alone for patients with oestrogen receptor-positive, HER2-negative breast cancer. Here, we determine the performance of EPclin for estimating 10-year distant recurrence-free interval (DRFI) rates for those who received adjuvant endocrine therapy (ET) alone compared to those with chemotherapy plus endocrine therapy (ET + C). METHODS: A total of 3746 women were included in this joint analysis. 2630 patients received 5 years of ET alone (ABCSG-6/8, TransATAC) and 1116 patients received ET + C (GEICAM 2003-02/9906). The primary objective was to evaluate the ability of EPclin to provide an estimate of the 10-year DR rate as a continuous function of EPclin separately for ET alone and ET + C. Cox proportional hazard models were used for these analyses. RESULTS: EPclin was highly prognostic for DR in women who received ET alone (HR 2.79 (2.49-3.13), P < 0.0001) as well as in those who received ET + C (HR 2.27 (1.99-2.59), P < 0.0001). Women who received ET + C had significantly smaller increases in 10-year DR rates with the increasing EPclin score than those receiving ET alone (EPclin = 5; 12% ET + C vs. 20% ET alone). We observed a significant positive interaction between EPclin and treatment groups (P-interaction = 0.022). CONCLUSIONS: In this comparative non-randomised analysis, the rate of increase in DR with EPclin score was significantly reduced in women who received ET + C versus ET alone. Our indirect comparisons suggest that a high EPclin score can predict chemotherapy benefit in women with ER-positive, HER2-negative disease.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Hormonais/uso terapêutico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Terapia Combinada , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Fluoruracila/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Receptores de Estrogênio/metabolismo , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32914026

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Previous studies have shown EndoPredict (EPclin), a test that integrates 12-gene expression data with nodal status and tumor size, to be predictive for risk of distant recurrence in women with estrogen receptor-positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative early-stage breast cancer. Here, we modeled expected absolute chemotherapy benefit on the basis of EPclin test results. METHODS: The effect of chemotherapy was modeled using previously validated 10-year risk of distant recurrence as a function of EPclin score for patients treated without chemotherapy. Average relative chemotherapy benefit to reduce breast cancer distant recurrence was evaluated using a published meta-analysis from the Early Breast Cancer Trialists' Collaborative Group. Absolute chemotherapy benefit differences were estimated across a range of interaction strengths between relative chemotherapy benefit and EPclin score. The average absolute benefit was calculated for patients with high and low EPclin scores using the distribution of scores in 2,185 samples tested by Myriad Genetics. RESULTS: The average expected absolute benefit of chemotherapy treatment for patients with a low EPclin score was 1.8% in the absence of interaction and 1.5% for maximal interaction. Conversely, the expected average absolute chemotherapy benefit for patients with a high EPclin score was 5.3% and 7.3% for no interaction and maximal interaction, respectively. CONCLUSION: For women with estrogen receptor-positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative early-stage breast cancer, a high EPclin score identified which patients would benefit most from adjuvant chemotherapy in terms of absolute reduction of distant recurrence, regardless of the amount of interaction between EPclin and relative chemotherapy benefit. A high degree of prognostic discrimination for distant recurrence is more important for identifying patients likely to benefit most from chemotherapy than an interaction between EPclin and treatment-relative benefit.

10.
Clin Cancer Res ; 24(14): 3358-3365, 2018 07 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29618617

RESUMO

Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate a modified EPclin test (mEPclin), a combination of EndoPredict (EP) score, post-neoadjuvant pathologic tumor size and nodal status, for predicting the risk of distance recurrence after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) in patients with residual estrogen receptor (ER)-positive/HER2-negative breast cancer. We also compared the prognostic power of the mEPclin with that of the CPS-EG score.Experimental Design: A total of 428 formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tumor samples from GeparTrio and GeparQuattro studies were evaluated for mRNA expression of eight cancer-related and three reference genes. The mEPclin score was computed using a modified algorithm and predefined cut-off values were used to classify each patient at low or high risk. Primary endpoint was disease-free survival (DFS).Results: A higher continuous mEPclin score was significantly associated with increased risk of relapse [HR, 2.16; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.86-2.51; P < 0.001] and death (HR, 2.28; 95% CI, 1.90-2.75; P < 0.001). Similarly, patients classified at high risk by dichotomous mEPclin showed significantly poorer DFS and overall survival compared with those at low risk. In contrast with CPS-EG, the mEPclin remained significantly prognostic for DFS in multivariate analysis (HR, 2.13; 95% CI, 1.73-2.63; P < 0.001). Combining CPS-EG and other clinicopathological variables with mEPclin yielded a significant improvement of the prognostic power for DFS versus without mEPclin (c-indices: 0.748 vs. 0.660; P < 0.001).Conclusions: The mEPclin score independently predicted the risk of distance recurrence and provided additional prognostic information to the CPS-EG score to assess more accurately the prognosis after NACT in the luminal non-pCR patient population. Therefore, this approach can be used to select patients for additional post-neoadjuvant therapies. Clin Cancer Res; 24(14); 3358-65. ©2018 AACR.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/etiologia , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Ensaios Clínicos Fase III como Assunto , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Gradação de Tumores , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Medição de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
JAMA Oncol ; 4(4): 545-553, 2018 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29450494

RESUMO

Importance: Multiple molecular signatures are available for managing estrogen receptor (ER)-positive breast cancer but with little direct comparative information to guide the patient's choice. Objective: To conduct a within-patient comparison of the prognostic value of 6 multigene signatures in women with early ER-positive breast cancer who received endocrine therapy for 5 years. Design, Setting, and Participants: This retrospective biomarker analysis included 774 postmenopausal women with ER-positive ERBB2 (formerly HER2)-negative breast cancer. This analysis was performed as a preplanned secondary study of data from the Anastrozole or Tamoxifen Alone or Combined randomized clinical trial comparing 5-year treatment with anastrozole vs tamoxifen with 10-year follow-up data. The signatures included the Oncotype Dx recurrence score, PAM50-based Prosigna risk of recurrence (ROR), Breast Cancer Index (BCI), EndoPredict (EPclin), Clinical Treatment Score, and 4-marker immunohistochemical score. Data were collected from January 2009, through April 2015. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary objective was to compare the prognostic value of these signatures in addition to the Clinical Treatment Score (nodal status, tumor size, grade, age, and endocrine treatment) for distant recurrence for 0 to 10 years and 5 to 10 years after diagnosis. Likelihood ratio (LR) statistics were used with the χ2 test and C indexes to assess the prognostic value of each signature. Results: In this study of 774 postmenopausal women with ER-positive, ERBB2-negative disease (mean [SD] age, 64.1 [8.1] years), 591 (mean [SD] age, 63.4 [7.9] years) had node-negative disease. The signatures providing the most prognostic information were the ROR (hazard ratio [HR], 2.56; 95% CI, 1.96-3.35), followed by the BCI (HR, 2.46; 95% CI, 1.88-3.23) and EPclin (HR, 2.14; 95% CI, 1.71-2.68). Each provided significantly more information than the Clinical Treatment Score (HR, 1.99; 95% CI, 1.58-2.50), the recurrence score (HR, 1.69; 95% CI, 1.40-2.03), and the 4-marker immunohistochemical score (HR, 1.95; 95% CI, 1.55-2.45). Substantially less information was provided by all 6 molecular tests for the 183 patients with 1 to 3 positive nodes, but the BCI (ΔLR χ2 = 9.2) and EPclin (ΔLR χ2 = 7.4) provided more additional prognostic information than the other signatures. Conclusions and Relevance: For women with node-negative disease, the ROR, BCI, and EPclin were significantly more prognostic for overall and late distant recurrence. For women with 1 to 3 positive nodes, limited independent information was available from any test. These data might help oncologists and patients to choose the most appropriate test when considering chemotherapy use and/or extended endocrine therapy. Trial Registration: isrctn.com Identifier: ISRCTN18233230.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Hormonais/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Receptor ErbB-2/genética , Transcriptoma , Idoso , Anastrozol/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores Farmacológicos/análise , Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Feminino , Seguimentos , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/prevenção & controle , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tamoxifeno/uso terapêutico , Transcriptoma/efeitos dos fármacos , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Mod Pathol ; 31(4): 607-615, 2018 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29271415

RESUMO

Human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) is a central predictive biomarker in breast cancer. Inaccurate HER2 results in different laboratories could be as high as 20%. However, this statement is based on data generated more than 13 years ago and may not reflect the standards of modern diagnostic pathology. We compared central and local HER2 testing in a total of 1581 HER2-positive tumors from five clinical trials. We evaluated the clinical relevance for pathological complete response (pCR) and disease-free survival in a subgroup of 677 tumors, which received an anti-HER2 therapy. Over the period of 12 years, the discordance rate for HER2 decreased from 52.4 (GeparTrio) to 8.4% (GeparSepto). Discordance rates were significantly higher in hormone receptor (HR)-positive tumors (26.6%), compared to HR-negative tumors (16.3%, P<0.0001), which could be explained by a different distribution of HER2 mRNA levels in HR-positive and HR-negative tumors. pCR rates were significantly lower in discordant tumors (13.7%) compared to concordant tumors (32.2%, GeparQuattro and GeparQuinto, P<0.001). In survival analysis, tumors with discordant HER2 testing had a reduced overall survival (OS) in the HR-negative group (P=0.019) and a trend for improved OS in the HR-positive group (P=0.125). The performance of local HER2 testing was considerably improved over time and has reached a 92% concordance, which shows that quality initiatives in diagnostic pathology are working. Tumors with discordant HER2 testing had a reduced therapy response and different survival rates.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Imuno-Histoquímica/normas , Hibridização In Situ/normas , Patologia Clínica/normas , Receptor ErbB-2/análise , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade , Feminino , Alemanha , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
13.
Future Sci OA ; 3(3): FSO221, 2017 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28884016

RESUMO

AIM: To validate the analytical performance of a 12-gene molecular assay that predicts distant recurrence for early-stage ER+/HER2- invasive breast cancer as run within a central reference laboratory. MATERIALS & METHODS: Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded breast resections were evaluated by quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction for the expression of eight target genes, three housekeeper genes and one control gene to assess for DNA contamination. RESULTS: The assay results were highly correlated with a validated reference laboratory. The assay had a broad linear range for input RNA, with similar amplicon efficiencies for target and housekeeper genes. The assay test was highly reproducible, with comparable inter- and intrabatch precision to the reference laboratory. CONCLUSION: These studies demonstrate that the 12-gene molecular assay is highly robust and accurate.

14.
J Natl Cancer Inst ; 108(11)2016 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27400969

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Estimating distant recurrence (DR) risk among women with estrogen receptor-positive (ER+), human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative early breast cancer helps decisions on using adjuvant chemotherapy. The 21-gene Oncotype DX recurrence score (RS) is widely used for this. EndoPredict (EPclin) is an alternative test combining prognostic information from an eight-gene signature (EP score) with tumor size and nodal status. We compared the prognostic information provided by RS and EPclin for 10-year DR risk. METHODS: We used likelihood ratio χ² and Kaplan-Meier survival analyses to compare prognostic information provided by EP, EPclin, RS, and the clinical treatment score (CTS) of clinicopathologic parameters in 928 patients with ER+ disease treated with five years' anastrozole or tamoxifen. Comparisons were made for early (0-5 years) and late (5-10 years) DR according to nodal status. All statistical tests were two-sided. RESULTS: In the overall population, EP and EPclin provided substantially more prognostic information than RS (LRχ(2): EP = 49.3; LRχ(2): EPclin = 139.3; LRχ(2): RS = 29.1), with greater differences in late DR and in node-positive patients. EP and EPclin remained statistically significantly prognostic when adjusted for RS (ΔLRχ(2): EP+RS vs RS = 20.2; ΔLRχ(2): EPclin+RS vs RS = 113.8). Using predefined cut-offs, EPclin and RS identified 58.8% and 61.7% patients as low risk, with hazard ratios for non-low vs low risk of 5.99 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 3.94 to 9.11) and 2.73 (95% CI = 1.91 to 3.89), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: EP and EPclin were highly prognostic for DR in endocrine-treated patients with ER+, HER2-negative disease. EPclin provided more prognostic information than RS. This was partly but not entirely because of EPclin integrating molecular data with nodal status and tumor size.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Linfonodos/patologia , Anastrozol , Antineoplásicos Hormonais/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/química , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Funções Verossimilhança , Metástase Linfática , Nitrilas/uso terapêutico , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Receptor ErbB-2/análise , Receptores de Estrogênio/análise , Medição de Risco/métodos , Tamoxifeno/uso terapêutico , Triazóis/uso terapêutico , Carga Tumoral
15.
Breast Cancer Res Treat ; 156(1): 81-9, 2016 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26909792

RESUMO

There are several prognostic multigene-based tests for managing breast cancer (BC), but limited data comparing them in the same cohort. We compared the prognostic performance of the EndoPredict (EP) test (standardized for pathology laboratory) with the research-based PAM50 non-standardized qRT-PCR assay in node-positive estrogen receptor-positive (ER+) and HER2-negative (HER2-) BC patients receiving adjuvant chemotherapy followed by endocrine therapy (ET) in the GEICAM/9906 trial. EP and PAM50 risk of recurrence (ROR) scores [based on subtype (ROR-S) and on subtype and proliferation (ROR-P)] were compared in 536 ER+/HER2- patients. Scores combined with clinical information were evaluated: ROR-T (ROR-S, tumor size), ROR-PT (ROR-P, tumor size), and EPclin (EP, tumor size, nodal status). Patients were assigned to risk-categories according to prespecified cutoffs. Distant metastasis-free survival (MFS) was analyzed by Kaplan-Meier. ROR-S, ROR-P, and EP scores identified a low-risk group with a relative better outcome (10-year MFS: ROR-S 87 %; ROR-P 89 %; EP 93 %). There was no significant difference between tests. Predictors including clinical information showed superior prognostic performance compared to molecular scores alone (10-year MFS, low-risk group: ROR-T 88 %; ROR-PT 92 %; EPclin 100 %). The EPclin-based risk stratification achieved a significantly improved prediction of MFS compared to ROR-T, but not ROR-PT. All signatures added prognostic information to common clinical parameters. EPclin provided independent prognostic information beyond ROR-T and ROR-PT. ROR and EP can reliably predict risk of distant metastasis in node-positive ER+/HER2- BC patients treated with chemotherapy and ET. Addition of clinical parameters into risk scores improves their prognostic ability.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Hormonais/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Quimioterapia Adjuvante/métodos , Receptor ErbB-2/genética , Receptores de Estrogênio/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Prognóstico , Medição de Risco/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Blood ; 126(12): 1407-14, 2015 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26239087

RESUMO

Bcl-2/IgH rearrangements can be quantified in follicular lymphoma (FL) from peripheral blood (PB) by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The prognostic value of Bcl-2/IgH levels in FL remains controversial. We therefore prospectively studied PB Bcl-2/IgH levels from 173 first-line FL patients who were consecutively enrolled, randomized, and treated within the multicenter phase 3 clinical trial NHL1-2003 comparing bendamustine-rituximab (B-R) with rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, prednisone. From April 2005 to August 2008, 783 pre- and posttreatment PB samples were quantified by quantitative PCR. At inclusion, 114 patients (66%) tested positive and 59 (34%) were negative for Bcl-2/IgH. High pretreatment Bcl-2/IgH levels had an adverse effect on progression-free survival (PFS) compared with intermediate or low levels (high vs intermediate: hazard [HR], 4.28; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.70-10.77; P = .002; high vs low: HR, 3.02; 95% CI, 1.55-5.86; P = .001). No PFS difference between treatment arms was observed in Bcl-2/IgH-positive patients. A positive posttreatment Bcl-2/IgH status was associated with shorter PFS (8.7 months vs not reached; HR, 3.15; 95% CI, 1.51-6.58; P = .002). By multivariate analysis, the pretreatment Bcl-2/IgH level was the strongest predictor for PFS. Our data suggest that pre- and posttreatment Bcl-2/IgH levels from PB have significant prognostic value for PFS in FL patients receiving first-line immunochemotherapy. This trial was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT00991211 and at the German Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices as #BfArM-4021335.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Linfoma Folicular/sangue , Linfoma Folicular/tratamento farmacológico , Proteínas de Fusão Oncogênica/sangue , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Cloridrato de Bendamustina/administração & dosagem , Cloridrato de Bendamustina/uso terapêutico , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Linfoma Folicular/diagnóstico , Linfoma Folicular/genética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prednisona/administração & dosagem , Prednisona/uso terapêutico , Prognóstico , Rituximab/administração & dosagem , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Vincristina/administração & dosagem , Vincristina/uso terapêutico
17.
Anticancer Res ; 35(7): 4023-36, 2015 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26124351

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Vascular endothelial growth factor C (VEGFC) and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 1 (VEGFR1) mRNA overexpression has recently been shown to have strong predictive and prognostic value in patients with high-risk early breast cancer undergoing adjuvant chemotherapy. The present study evaluated associations of VEGFC and VEGFR1 with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) and their prognostic value dependent on HER2 status. PATIENTS AND METHODS: RNA was isolated from 298 formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tumor tissue samples from the HeCOG 10/97 (HE10/97) trial, evaluating adjuvant dose-dense sequential chemotherapy with epirubicin followed by cyclophosphamide, methotrexate and 5-fluorouracil therapy with or without paclitaxel (E-T-CMF vs. E-CMF). A fully-automated method based on magnetic beads was applied for RNA extraction, followed by one-step quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: At 13.3 years of median follow-up, 116 patients (38.9%) had experienced relapse and 115 (38.6%) had died. There were strong associations between VEGFC/VEGFR1 mRNA expression and HER2 and estrogen receptor/progesterone receptor status. In multivariate analysis, both VEGFC and VEGFR1 were found to be associated with risk for death or relapse, but such associations depended on HER2 status and treatment group. High VEGFC was a negative prognostic factor for disease-free survival [hazard ratio (HR)=1.79, 95% confidence interval (CI)=1.05-3.05, Wald's p=0.032], with a trend for overall survival (HR=1.80, 95% CI=0.94-3.47, p=0.078) in patients treated with E-CMF adjusted for clinicopathological characteristics, while high VEGFR1 was associated with increased risk for death, yet non significantly in patients with HER2-negative disease (HR=1.51, 95% CI=0.82-2.77, p=0.18), regardless of treatment. CONCLUSION: VEGFC and VEGFR1 mRNA overexpression is of prognostic value, dependent on HER2 status, in patients with high-risk early breast cancer undergoing adjuvant treatment. Among HER2-negative cases, these angiogenic markers could identify more aggressive tumors with worse prognosis. Further studies are warranted to validate VEGFC and VEGFR1 as potential biomarkers in adjuvant therapy and their use in identifying sub-groups that could benefit from anti-VEGF strategies.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Receptor ErbB-2/genética , Fator C de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Receptor 1 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Quimioterapia Adjuvante/métodos , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Epirubicina/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Fluoruracila/administração & dosagem , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Humanos , Metotrexato/administração & dosagem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Receptores de Estrogênio/genética , Receptores de Progesterona/genética , Adulto Jovem
18.
J Clin Oncol ; 33(9): 983-91, 2015 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25534375

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Modulation of immunologic interactions in cancer tissue is a promising therapeutic strategy. To investigate the immunogenicity of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) -positive and triple-negative (TN) breast cancers (BCs), we evaluated tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) and immunologically relevant genes in the neoadjuvant GeparSixto trial. PATIENTS AND METHODS: GeparSixto investigated the effect of adding carboplatin (Cb) to an anthracycline-plus-taxane combination (PM) on pathologic complete response (pCR). A total of 580 tumors were evaluated before random assignment for stromal TILs and lymphocyte-predominant BC (LPBC). mRNA expression of immune-activating (CXCL9, CCL5, CD8A, CD80, CXCL13, IGKC, CD21) as well as immunosuppressive factors (IDO1, PD-1, PD-L1, CTLA4, FOXP3) was measured in 481 tumors. RESULTS: Increased levels of stromal TILs predicted pCR in univariable (P < .001) and multivariable analyses (P < .001). pCR rate was 59.9% in LPBC and 33.8% for non-LPBC (P < .001). pCR rates ≥ 75% were observed in patients with LPBC tumors treated with PMCb, with a significant test for interaction with therapy in the complete (P = .002) and HER2-positive (P = .006), but not the TNBC, cohorts. Hierarchic clustering of mRNA markers revealed three immune subtypes with different pCR rates (P < .001). All 12 immune mRNA markers were predictive for increased pCR. The highest odds ratios (ORs) were observed for PD-L1 (OR, 1.57; 95% CI, 1.34 to 1.86; P < .001) and CCL5 (OR, 1.41; 95% CI, 1.23 to 1.62; P < .001). CONCLUSION: Immunologic factors were highly significant predictors of therapy response in the GeparSixto trial, particularly in patients treated with Cb. After further standardization, they could be included in histopathologic assessment of BC.


Assuntos
Carboplatina/administração & dosagem , Quimioterapia Adjuvante/métodos , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/metabolismo , Terapia Neoadjuvante/métodos , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/metabolismo
19.
Pharmacoeconomics ; 33(2): 179-90, 2015 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25404424

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The individual risk of recurrence in hormone receptor-positive primary breast cancer patients determines whether adjuvant endocrine therapy should be combined with chemotherapy. Clinicopathological parameters and molecular tests such as EndoPredict(®) (EPclin) can support decision making in patients with estrogen receptor-positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative cancer. OBJECTIVE: Using a life-long Markov state transition model, we determined the health economic impact and incremental cost effectiveness of EPclin-based risk stratification in combination with clinical guidelines [German-S3, National Comprehensive Cancer Center Network (NCCN), and St. Gallen] to decide on chemotherapy use. METHODS: Information on overall and metastasis-free survival came from Austrian Breast & Colorectal Cancer Study Group clinical trials 6/8 (n = 1,619) and published literature. Effectiveness was assessed as quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs). Costs (2010) were assessed from a German third-party payer perspective. RESULTS: Lifetime costs per patient ranged from 28,268 (St.Gallen and EPclin) to 33,756 (NCCN). Due to an imperfect prognostic value and differences in chemotherapy use, strategies achieved between 13.165 QALYs (NCCN) and 13.173 QALYs (EPclin alone) per patient. Using German-S3 as reference, three strategies showed dominant results (St. Gallen and EPclin, German-S3 and EPclin, EPclin alone). Compared to German-S3, the addition of EPclin saved 3,388 and gained 0.002 QALYs per patient. Combining guidelines with EPclin remained preferable in sensitivity analysis. CONCLUSION: Our study suggests that molecular markers can be sensibly combined with clinical guidelines to determine the risk profile of adjuvant breast cancer patients. Compared with the current German best practice (German-S3), combinations of EPclin with the St. Gallen, German-S3 or NCCN guideline and EPclin alone were dominant from the perspective of the German healthcare system.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/economia , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/economia , Quimioterapia Adjuvante/economia , Quimioterapia Adjuvante/métodos , Análise Custo-Benefício , Feminino , Alemanha , Humanos , Cadeias de Markov , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Prognóstico , Anos de Vida Ajustados por Qualidade de Vida , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Receptores de Estrogênio/metabolismo
20.
Virchows Arch ; 465(4): 409-17, 2014 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25218890

RESUMO

Prognostic multigene expression assays have become widely available to provide additional information to standard clinical parameters and to support clinicians in treatment decisions. In this study, we analyzed the impact of variations in tissue handling on the diagnostic EndoPredict test results. EndoPredict is a quantitative reverse transcription PCR assay conducted on RNA from formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissue that predicts the likelihood of distant recurrence in patients with ER-positive/HER2-negative breast cancer. In this study, we performed a total of 138 EndoPredict assays to study the effects of preanalytical variables such as time to fixation, fixation time, tumor cell content, and section storage time on the EndoPredict test results. A time to fixation of up to 12 h and fixation of up to 5 days did not affect the results of the gene expression test. Paired samples of FFPE sections with tumor cell content ranging from 15 to 95 % and tumor-enriched samples showed a correlation coefficient of 0.97. Test results of tissue sections that have been stored for 12 months at +4 or +20 °C showed a correlation of 0.99 when compared to results of nonstored sections. In conclusion, preanalytical tissue handling is not a critical factor for diagnostic gene expression analysis with the EndoPredict assay. The test can therefore be easily integrated into the standard workflow of molecular pathology.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Patologia Molecular/métodos , RNA/análise , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa/métodos , Manejo de Espécimes , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Inclusão em Parafina , Fatores de Tempo , Fixação de Tecidos
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...