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1.
Nano Lett ; 16(1): 243-9, 2016 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26674850

RESUMO

We report on the direct observation of the diffusion of carriers in graded InGaN/GaN quantum wells in a nanowire. By probing the local dynamics at the nanoscale, along the wire for different temperatures between 4 and 250 K, we conclude that this diffusion process is thermally activated. In addition, the analysis of the cathodoluminescence lifetime for different temperatures shows that the carrier motion is isotropic and does not follow the indium gradient. Our observations are interpreted in terms of a hopping process between localized states. We find that the random alloy fluctuations prevent any directional drift of excitons along the In gradient and therefore any carrier accumulation. Our results therefore confirm the potential of core-shell nanowires for lighting devices. Indeed, the short lifetime of m-plane quantum wells together with their large active area and the homogeneous distribution of carrier along the quantum well will decrease influence of any high carrier density effect on the efficiency of these light-emitting diodes.

2.
Nanoscale ; 7(27): 11692-701, 2015 Jul 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26100114

RESUMO

We report on the electron beam induced current (EBIC) microscopy and cathodoluminescence (CL) characterization correlated with compositional analysis of light emitting diodes based on core/shell InGaN/GaN nanowire arrays. The EBIC mapping of cleaved fully operational devices allows to probe the electrical properties of the active region with a nanoscale resolution. In particular, the electrical activity of the p-n junction on the m-planes and on the semi-polar planes of individual nanowires is assessed in top view and cross-sectional geometries. The EBIC maps combined with CL characterization demonstrate the impact of the compositional gradients along the wire axis on the electrical and optical signals: the reduction of the EBIC signal toward the nanowire top is accompanied by an increase of the CL intensity. This effect is interpreted as a consequence of the In and Al gradients in the quantum well and in the electron blocking layer, which influence the carrier extraction efficiency. The interface between the nanowire core and the radially grown layer is shown to produce in some cases a transitory EBIC signal. This observation is explained by the presence of charged traps at this interface, which can be saturated by electron irradiation.

3.
Nano Lett ; 14(5): 2456-65, 2014 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24742151

RESUMO

We report on the demonstration of MOVPE-grown single nanowire InGaN/GaN core-shell light emitting diodes (LEDs) with a transparent graphene contact for hole injection. The electrical homogeneity of the graphene-contacted LED has been assessed by electron beam induced current microscopy. By comparing graphene-contacted and metal-contacted nanowire LEDs, we show that the contact layout determines the electroluminescence spectrum. The electroluminescence changes color from green to blue with increasing injection current. High-resolution cathodoluminescence on cleaved nanowires allows the location with high precision of the origin of different emitted wavelengths and demonstrates that the blue peak originates from the emission of the radial quantum well on the m-planes, whereas the green peak arises from the In-rich region at the junction between the m-planes and the semipolar planes. The spectral behavior of the electroluminescence is understood by modeling the current distribution within the nanowire.

4.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 8(1): 99-110, 2008 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18468056

RESUMO

A brief review is given of recent developments in wide bandgap semiconductor nanowire synthesis and devices fabricated on these nanostructures. There is strong interest in these devices for applications in UV detection, gas sensors and transparent electronics.

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