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1.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 30(5): 1487-1493, 2019 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31107003

RESUMO

Seeds are the basis for forest regeneration. To examine the composition and spatio-temporal dynamics of seed rains, a total of 150 seed traps of 0.5 m2 were installed in a 25 hm2 broad-leaved Korean pine (Pinus koraiensis) mixed forest plot in Changbai Mountains. With a total of 252 collections from May 2006 to September 2017, we collected 764299 mature and immature seeds which were belonged to 27 species, 17 genera, and 12 families. More than 90% of all collected seeds (704231 seeds) were from 13 canopy species. Seeds of four tree species, including Tilia amurensis, Fraxinus mandschurica, Acer mono, and Acer pseudo-sieboldianum could be collected every year from each trap. Mast-seeding was found in every canopy layer, but it happened one to two years earlier in the overstorey layer than midstorey and understorey layer. Almost all species produced seeds in autumn, with considerable spatiotemporal variation. Generally, the spatial variation of seeds was larger than temporal variation. Compared with annual variation coefficient of seeds in tropical forest of the Barro Colorado Island (BCI) and subtropical evergreen forest in the Gutianshan, annual variation coefficient of seeds in Changbai Mountains was higher, which supported the hypothesis that annual variation in seed rains would be lower in the tropics than that in higher latitudes.


Assuntos
Florestas , Pinus , China , Ecossistema , Sementes , Árvores
2.
Ecol Evol ; 8(15): 7285-7296, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30151149

RESUMO

Plant sexual systems appear to play an important role in community assembly: Dioecious species are found to tend to have a higher propensity to colonize communities in early successional stages. Here, we test two demographic hypotheses to explain this pattern in temperate forests. First, we test demographic differences between hermaphrodite and dioecious species in stressful younger successional stages: Previous theory predicts that hermaphrodite seed production is more harmed in stressful environments than that of dioecious populations leading to an advantage for females of dioecious species. Second, in primary forest, we hypothesized that dioecious species would show demographic advantage over monomorphic ones. We used data from two temperate forest plots in Northeast China surveyed over 10 years to compare the rates of growth and mortality of tree species with contrasting breeding systems in both secondary and primary forests. We assessed the effect of breeding system on the growth-mortality trade-off, while controlling for other traits usually considered as correlates of growth and mortality rates. We show that in the secondary forest, dioecious species showed weak advantage in demographic rates compared with monomorphic species; dioecious species showed considerably both lower relative growth and mortality rates compared to the hermaphrodites in the primary forest over 10 years, consistent with a priori predictions. Hermaphrodites showed strong growth-mortality trade-offs across forest stages, even when possibly confounding factors had been accounted for. These results suggest that sexual system influences community succession and assembly by acting on the rates of growth and mortality, and the trade-off between them. As vegetation develops, the demographic differences between breeding systems are much larger. Our results demonstrate the association between breeding system, succession, and community assembly and that this relationship is succession-stage dependent. Our findings support the suggestion that the demographic advantage of dioecious species facilitates the coexistence of sexual systems in primary forest.

3.
Ecol Evol ; 7(14): 5191-5200, 2017 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28770059

RESUMO

Forest community structure may be influenced by seedling density dependence, however, the effect is loosely coupled with population dynamics and diversity in the short term. In the long term the strength of conspecific density dependence may fluctuate over time because of seedling abundance, yet few long-term studies exist. Based on 11 years of seedling census data and tree census data from a 25-ha temperate forest plot in Northeast China, we used generalized linear mixed models to test the relative effects of local neighborhood density and abiotic factors on seedling density and seedling survival. Spatial point pattern analysis was used to determine if spatial patterns of saplings and juveniles, in relation to conspecific adults, were in accordance with patterns uncovered by conspecific negative density dependence at the seedling stage. Our long-term results showed that seedling density was mainly positively affected by conspecific density, suggesting dispersal limitation of seedling development. The probability of seedling survival significantly decreased over 1 year with increasing conspecific density, indicating conspecific negative density dependence in seedling establishment. Although there was variation in conspecific negative density dependence at the seedling stage among species and across years, a dispersed pattern of conspecific saplings relative to conspecific adults at the local scale (<10 m) was observed in four of the 11 species examined. Overall, sapling spatial patterns were consistent with the impacts of conspecific density on seedling dynamics, which suggests that conspecific negative density dependence is persistent over the long term. From the long-term perspective, conspecific density dependence is an important driver of species coexistence in temperate forests.

4.
World J Gastroenterol ; 23(10): 1787-1795, 2017 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28348484

RESUMO

AIM: To identify the miRNA-mRNA regulatory network in hepatitis B virus X (HBx)-expressing hepatic cells. METHODS: A stable HBx-expressing human liver cell line L02 was established. The mRNA and miRNA expression profiles of L02/HBx and L02/pcDNA liver cells were identified by RNA-sequencing analysis. Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway enrichment analysis was performed to investigate the function of candidate biomarkers, and the relationship between miRNA and mRNA was studied by network analysis. RESULTS: Compared with L02/pcDNA cells, 742 unregulated genes and 501 downregulated genes were determined as differentially expressed in L02/HBx cells. Gene ontology analysis suggested that the differentially expressed genes were relevant to different biological processes. Concurrently, 22 differential miRNAs were also determined in L02/HBx cells. Furthermore, integrated analysis of miRNA and mRNA expression profiles identified a core miRNA-mRNA regulatory network that is correlated with the carcinogenic role of HBx. CONCLUSION: Collectively, the miRNA-mRNA network-based analysis could be useful to elucidate the potential role of HBx in liver cell malignant transformation and shed light on the underlying molecular mechanism and novel therapy targets for hepatocellular carcinoma.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Hepatócitos/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Apoptose , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/virologia , Linhagem Celular , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Vírus da Hepatite B , Hepatócitos/virologia , Humanos , Fígado/citologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/virologia , Terapia de Alvo Molecular/métodos , Invasividade Neoplásica/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Análise de Sequência de RNA , Transativadores/metabolismo , Transfecção
5.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 28(5): 1407-1413, 2017 May 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29745174

RESUMO

To understand the factors influencing tree radial growth, we analyzed the seasonal dynamics of tree growth of 3 common species (Pinus koraiensis, Tilia amurensis, Quercus mongolica), compared interspecific growth rates and explored the effects of size, neighborhood competition, soil and topography based on five years dendrometer bands monitoring data of the 3 common species in a broad-leaved Korean pine (P. koraiensis) mixed forest plot in Changbai Mountain, Northeast China. The results showed that the growth dynamics of 3 species were consistent. Trees began to grow in late May, thrived in July, grew at declining rates from late August and stopped growing in late October. Annual relative growth rates were significantly different among the species. Q. mongolica tended to grow faster than the other two species, and the differences of growth rates among the 3 species were especially large for small and medium trees. Tree growth rates of P. koraiensis and Q. mongolica were strongly decreased by neighborhood competition, while tree growth rate of T. amurensis was significantly related to tree size, soil and topography.


Assuntos
Florestas , Pinus , China , Quercus , Árvores
6.
Cell Adh Migr ; 8(5): 493-8, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25482616

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common cancers worldwide and is characterized as a typical inflammation-related carcinoma. High mobility group box protein 1 (HMGB1), a non-histone DNA-binding protein, is identified as a potent proinflammatory mediator when presents extracellularly. Recently, a growing body of evidence indicates that HMGB1 plays a potential role in HCC, but many questions remain unanswered about the relationship between HMGB1 and HCC formation and development. This review focuses on the biological effect of HMGB1, and discusses the association of HMGB1 with HCC and potential use of strategies targeting HMGB1 in HCC treatment.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Proteína HMGB1/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Humanos , Modelos Biológicos
7.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 25(8): 2149-57, 2014 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25509062

RESUMO

Spruce-fir forest is the best protected forest vegetation, while larch forest is intrazonal vegetation on the northern slope of Changbai Mountains. To further understand their species composition and community structure, we established a 4 hm2 forest permanent plot in each of these two forests in 2010. All free-standing plant species with DBH (diameter at breast height) ≥ 1 cm were mapped, tagged, and identified to species. The results showed that there were 9257 stems belonging to 8640 genotype individuals, 22 species, 6 genera and 12 families in the spruce-fir forest plot, while 4060 stems belonging to 3696 genotype individuals, 22 species, 8 genera and 16 families in the larch forest plot. Species composition in the two plots was very similar. Most of the species belonged to the Changbai Mountains plant flora. The analysis of species' importance values showed that there were dominant species in both communities. The spruce-fir forest was dominated by Abies nephrolepis and Larix olgensis, whose importance values accounted for 38.7% and 23.9% of the sum of importance values over all species in the plot, respectively. The larch forest was dominated solely by L. olgensis, whose importance value accounted for 61.9% of the sum of importance values over all species in the plot. Both forests were in good condition of regeneration and showed a reversed 'J' type in tree size distributions, at community level. However, different species showed different shapes in size distribution in the two forests. A. nephrolepis showed a reversed 'J' type size distribution in the spruce-fir forest, while L. olgensis with DBH ≥ 10 cm showed a hump-shaped distribution in the larch forest. Spatial distribution patterns of the main species changed differently with size class and spatial scales. Common species had different spatial distribution patterns in the two plots.


Assuntos
Biodiversidade , Florestas , Árvores , Abies , China , Larix , Picea
8.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 25(5): 1239-49, 2014 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25129921

RESUMO

The broad-leaved Korean pine mixed forest represents the typical vegetation type of the eastern mountain area in Northeast China. However, due to the interference of human activities, the natural broad-leaved Korean pine forest only distributes in some residual fragments with unequal areas in Changbai Mountains and Small Hinggan Mountains. To compare and analyze the similarities and differences of broad-leaved Korean pine mixed forests in the different areas, we established six forest plots following the field protocol of the 50 hm2 forest plot in Panama (Barro Colorado Island, BCI) in 2012 in Changbai Mountain National Nature Reserve in Jilin Province and the eastern mountain area in Liaoning Province. All free-standing plant species with DBH (diameter at breast height) > or = 1 cm were mapped, tagged and identified to species. The results showed that there were 69 woody species in the six plots, comprising 42 genera and24 families. Aceraceae was the most species-rich family in all six plots. Most species belonged to the plant type of North Temperate Zone, with a minor subtropical plant species component. The statistics of species abundance, basal area, mean DBH, and importance value showed that there were obviously dominant species in each community. The DBH distribution of all individuals showed a reversed "J" type. However, the percentage of individuals in small size-class and large size-class varied in the six communities, which indicated that these communities were at different successional stages. Ranked by the importance value, the DBH distribution of the top three species in the six plots showed four distribution types: reversed "J" distribution, reversed "L" distribution, unimodal distribution, and partial peak distribution. Spatial distribution patterns of the main species in the six plots changed differently with species and size-class, and the distribution patterns of the same species varied in the different plots.


Assuntos
Biodiversidade , Florestas , Árvores , China , Pinus
9.
Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 28(4): 281-6, 2012 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23033668

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the application of a 289bp fragment of the 16S rDNA gene to identify various species of sarcosaphagous Calliphorid flies. METHODS: Twenty-six Calliphorid flies were collected from 14 Chinese provinces. All specimens were properly assigned into three genera and six species. The DNA of the pectoralis was extracted using CTAB method. Then PCR amplification was done for the 289 bp fragment of the 16S rDNA gene. The PCR products were then purified and sequenced, and the obtained sequences were uploaded to GenBank. The phylogenetic tree was built by the neighbor-joining method and intraspecific and interspecific divergences were calculated by sequence analysis. RESULTS: The above 26 sarcosaphagous flies could be well clustered according to different genera and species. The evolutional intraspecific values were all zero, the evolutional interspecific variations varied from 0.3% to 6.5%. CONCLUSION: The 289 bp fragment of the 16S rDNA of sarcosaphagous flies can be effectively used to identify most of the flies at species level. This method appears to be fast and low dissipative, which might be used to estimate postmortem interval by sarcosaphagous flies.


Assuntos
DNA Mitocondrial/genética , DNA Ribossômico/genética , Dípteros/genética , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Animais , Primers do DNA , Dípteros/classificação , Entomologia , Medicina Legal/métodos , Filogenia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/métodos , Coelhos , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Especificidade da Espécie
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