Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 139
Filtrar
1.
J Cell Physiol ; 236(2): 1043-1053, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32608523

RESUMO

Ptk2b has been found playing critical roles in oocyte maturation and subsequent fertilization in vitro. But what is the exact in vivo function in reproduction still elusive. Here, by constructing Ptk2b mutant mice, we found Ptk2b was not essential for mice fertility, unexpectedly, contrary to previously reported in vitro findings, we found Ptk2b ablation significantly improved female fecundity. Follicle counting indicated that the number of primordial follicles and growing follicles in matured mice was significantly increased in the absence of Ptk2b, whereas the primordial follicle formation showed no defects. We also found this regulation was in an autophosphorylation independent pathway, as autophosphorylation site mutant mice (PTK2BY402F ) show no phenotype in female fertility. Further biochemistry studies revealed that Ptk2b ablation promotes folliculogenesis via Erk pathway mediate follicle survival. Together, we found a novel biological function of Ptk2b in folliculogenesis, which could be potentially used as a therapeutic target for corresponding infertility.

2.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 11: 546232, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33193080

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate whether endometrial thickness (EMT) change in response to progesterone has an effect on pregnancy outcomes in frozen-thawed embryo transfer (FET) cycles. Design: Retrospective observational study. Setting: Tertiary-care academic medical center. Participants: 4465 infertile women undergoing their first FET between January 2010 and December 2015 in our center. Methods: This observational study included 4465 patients undergoing their first FET cycles between January 2010 and December 2015. EMT was measured by transvaginal ultrasound one day before progesterone administration and on the day of FET to observe EMT change. Main outcome measures: Clinical pregnancy rate (CPR) and the live birthrate (LBR) was discussed. Results: Regardless of the endometrial preparation protocols such as artificial cycle, estrogen-progesterone replacement therapy (EP) or natural cycle (NC), EMT may increase, decrease or remain stable on the day of FET compared with that of one day before progesterone administration. CPR in EMT increase, decrease and stable groups were 48.4%, 51.3% and 50.7% in EP cycle versus 49.2%, 52.0% and 48.9% in NC cycle, showing no significant difference between the three groups in both cycles (P= 0.48, P= 0.49). LBR was 40.9%, 45.9% and 42.6% in EP cycle versus 44.2%, 44.8% and 42.1% in NC cycle, also showing no significant difference between the three groups in both cycles (P= 0.16, P= 0.66). In addition, CPR and LBR were not significantly associated with EMT increase. Concludes: EMT may increase, decrease or remain stable on the day of FET as compared with that of one day before progesterone administration. Whatever change in EMT that occurs after progesterone administration has no significant effect on CPR and LBR in FET cycles.

3.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 56(78): 11613-11616, 2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32869784

RESUMO

Strong covalent bonds were in situ constructed in a unique black phosphorus (BP) @ reduced graphene oxide nanocomposite via a facile and scalable high energy ball-milling process, which contributes to the high specific capacity of BP@irGO and tackles the long-standing problem of large volume expansion of high capacity electrode matrerials.

4.
Hum Reprod ; 35(11): 2478-2487, 2020 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32944763

RESUMO

STUDY QUESTION: Does cell number on Day 3 have an impact on pregnancy outcomes in vitrified-thawed single blastocyst transfer cycles? SUMMARY ANSWER: A low Day 3 cell number (≤5 cells) was independently associated with decreased live birth rate (LBR) during single blastocyst transfer cycles in young women. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Day 3 cell number is an effective predictor of IVF success rates when transferring cleavage stage embryos. However, the association between Day 3 blastomere number and pregnancy outcomes after blastocyst transfer is still unknown. STUDY DESIGN, SIZE, DURATION: A retrospective cohort study of 3543 patients who underwent frozen-thawed single blastocyst transfers from January 2013 to June 2018 at a tertiary-care academic medical center. PARTICIPANTS/MATERIALS, SETTING, METHODS: Patients were grouped into six groups according to the Day 3 cell number: ≤4 cells, 5 cells, 6 cells, 7 cells, 8 cells and >8 cells. The primary outcome measure was LBR. A logistic regression analysis was performed to explore the independent association between Day 3 blastomere number and LBR after adjustment for some potential confounders. MAIN RESULTS AND THE ROLE OF CHANCE: In women <35 years old, the LBR varied significantly according to Day 3 cell number, with the rate of 31.2%, 34.4%, 41.9%, 45.1%, 48.1% and 48.2% for the ≤4-cell, 5-cell, 6-cell, 7-cell, 8-cell and >8-cell groups, respectively (P < 0.001). This significant difference was also observed in the high- and low-quality blastocyst subgroups of young women. However, for women ≥35 years old, the rate of live birth was similar between groups. Furthermore, after accounting for confounding factors, the LBR was significantly decreased in the ≤4-cell (adjusted odds ratio (aOR): 0.62, 95% CI: 0.48-0.80, P < 0.001) and 5-cell (aOR: 0.73, 95% CI: 0.57-0.92, P = 0.009) groups as compared to the 8-cell group. Likewise, the blastocysts arising from ≤4-cell (aOR: 0.73, 95% CI: 0.57-0.93, P = 0.010) or 5-cell (aOR: 0.77, 95% CI: 0.61-0.97, P = 0.024) embryos were associated with lower clinical pregnancy rate than those from 8-cell embryos. No significant differences were observed in biochemical pregnancy rate and miscarriage rate. LIMITATIONS, REASONS FOR CAUTION: A limitation of the current study was its retrospective design. Future prospective studies are needed to confirm our findings. WIDER IMPLICATIONS OF THE FINDINGS: Our observations suggested that a low Day 3 cell number was related to decreased LBR after blastocyst transfer in young women, which provided vital information for clinicians in selecting blastocyst during IVF treatment. STUDY FUNDING/COMPETING INTEREST(S): This study was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) (31770989 to Y.W.; 81671520 to Q.C.) and the Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital Foundation of China (JYLJ030 to Y.W.). The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: N/A.

5.
Arch Gynecol Obstet ; 2020 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32880709

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To study whether the change of endometrial thickness (EMT) between the day of human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) administration and the day of embryo transfer has any impact on pregnancy outcome in fresh in vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF/ICSI) cycles. METHODS: This single-center retrospective cohort study included 2620 patients undergoing their first consecutive autologous IVF/ICSI cycles from January 2003 to December 2012. Patients were categorized into three groups based on the percentage change of post-hCG EMT: > 10% decrease, ± 10% plateau and > 10% increase. The primary outcome was live birth rate. RESULTS: Live birth rates were similar in the EMT decrease, plateau and increase groups (27.4% [174/635], 29.7% [300/1010] and 27.6% [269/975]; P = 0.649). Compared with the plateau group, both EMT decrease (crude odds ratio [cOR] 0.89, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.72-1.11) and increase (cOR 0.90, 95% CI 0.74-1.10) on the day of transfer did not affect the likelihood of live birth. The non-significant association was maintained after controlling for major confounding factors, with the adjusted OR being 0.92 (95% CI 0.73-1.16) and 0.92 (95% CI 0.75-1.13) for the decrease and increase groups, respectively. CONCLUSION: EMT change after hCG administration did not provide significant prognostic information for pregnancy outcome in fresh IVF/ICSI cycles. This finding should offer reassuring information for patients with decreased EMT on the day of embryo transfer while questioning the necessity of EMT re-measurement prior to transfer as a routine practice.

6.
J Assist Reprod Genet ; 37(11): 2861-2868, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32860205

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To screen novel mutations in LHCGR responsible for empty follicle syndrome and explore the pathological mechanism of mutations. METHODS: Four affected individuals diagnosed with infertility-associated anovulation or oligo-ovulation from three independent families were recruited. Sanger sequencing was used to identify the LHCGR mutations in affected individuals. Western blot was performed to evaluate the effects of mutations on LHCGR protein levels. Immunofluorescence was done to explore the effects of mutations on LHCGR subcellular localization. The ATP levels were measured to infer the functional effects of the mutations on LHCGR. RESULTS: In the present study, three novel biallelic mutations in LHCGR were identified in four affected individuals from three independent families with empty follicle syndrome or oligo-ovulation. All biallelic mutations were inherited from the proband of their parents. The western blot showed that the identified mutations decreased LHCGR protein level and altered the glycosylation pattern. The immunofluorescence showed an ectopic subcellular localization of LHCGR in cultured HeLa cells. Besides, the mutations in LHCGR also reduced the cellular ATP consumption. CONCLUSION: These findings confirm previous studies and expand the mutational spectrum of LHCGR, which will provide genetic diagnostic marker for patients with empty follicle syndrome.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32765424

RESUMO

Aims: To determine the impact of advanced endometriosis (EMS) on in vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection and frozen-thawed embryo transfer (IVF/ICSI-FET) outcomes and analyze the influencing factors. Methods: A retrospective study was conducted on sterile women with ovarian endometriomas (OMAs), including patients who underwent laparoscopic cystectomy (n = 224, 224 IVF/ICSI cycles, 205 FET cycles) and aspiration (n = 139, 139 IVF/ICSI cycles, 148 FET cycles); peritoneal EMS (n = 96, 96 IVF/ICSI cycles, 89 FET cycles); and tubal factors (n = 360, 360 IVF/ICSI cycles, 474 FET cycles). Our main outcomes included the number of MII oocytes retrieved, fertilization rate, the number of viable embryos, viable embryo rate per oocyte retrieved in oocyte retrieval cycles, and clinical pregnancy rate per transfer, live birth rate per transfer, and cumulative clinical pregnancy rate of this oocyte retrieval cycle in FET cycles. Finally, binary logistic regression analysis was performed to generate a prediction model for cumulative clinical pregnancy. Results: The results showed that significantly fewer MII oocytes retrieved and viable embryos and lower viable embryo rate and cumulative clinical pregnancy rate were observed in women with EMS compared with the control. Women with peritoneal EMS had lower fertilization rate and viable embryo rate per oocyte retrieved than patients with OMA (all p < 0.05). However, the pregnancy outcomes were not significantly different between the two phenotypes. The patients who underwent laparoscopic cystectomy had fewer MII oocytes retrieved and viable embryos compared with those with intact endometrioma(s) but no significant difference in pregnancy outcomes between the two types of OMA patients. By binary logistic regression analysis, antral follicle count (AFC) was found to be an independent factor associated with cumulative clinical pregnancy in this oocyte retrieval cycle (odds ratio = 1.054; 95% confidence interval, 1.011-1.100; p = 0.014), and the AFC prediction model of cumulative clinical pregnancy was established, with an area under the curve of 0.60. Conclusions: Our data supported that advanced EMS has negative effect on cumulative clinical pregnancy per oocyte retrieval cycle, and AFC is an independent predictor, which is mainly caused by poor ovarian response associated with OMA per se or its surgery and the damage of peritoneal EMS to oocyte maturation.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32636803

RESUMO

Purpose: To screen out specific protein with different concentration in follicular fluid from advanced endometriosis and determine its direct effect on mouse oocytes matured in vitro. Methods: FF samples were obtained from 25 patients (EMS group, n = 15; control group, n = 10) to screen the differential proteins by using iTRAQ Labeling and 2D LC-MS. Transferrin (TRF) in was found significantly decreased in EMS group, which was verified using ELISA in enlarged FF samples (EMS group, n = 31; control group, n = 27). The contents of ferric ion in FFs were detected by ELISA and TRF saturations were calculated in two groups. Germinal vesicle (GV) oocytes of mouse were maturated in vitro interfered with the FFs in five groups, whose concentrations of TRF were modulated, and maturation in vitro rates were compared among groups. Results: The reduced concentration of TRF with three analogs and increased concentration of ferric ion were found in the FF of the EMS group (p < 0.05). The numerical values of TSAT was 54.8% in EMS group, indicating iron overload in the FF. The EMS-FF showed significantly decreased maturation in vitro rate (p < 0.05) of mouse oocytes, which was improved with the supplementation of TRF, compared with the control-FF. The effect was blocked by the TRF antibody (p < 0.05). Conclusions: Being aware of the relatively small sample size, our results possibly suggest that TRF insufficiency and iron overload in FF from advanced EMS contribute to oocytes dysmaturity, which may be a cause of EMS-related infertility.

9.
Int J Food Sci Nutr ; : 1-12, 2020 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32633179

RESUMO

This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the association between adherence to a healthy dietary pattern and outcomes of assisted reproductive techniques (ARTs). PubMed, Embase and Web of Science were searched for eligible studies through December 2019 according to the population, intervention, comparison, outcome and study design (PICOS) criteria. Eight prospective cohort studies (S) reporting pregnancy outcomes (O) of higher vs lower adherence to a healthy dietary pattern (I/C) in women undergoing ART treatment (P) were included, involving a total of 2229 women with 2067 embryo transfer cycles. The pooled odds ratio (OR) for positive pregnancy test, clinical pregnancy and ongoing pregnancy/live birth was 0.82 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.65-1.03), 0.99 (95% CI 0.68-1.44) and 1.30 (95% CI 0.81-2.09), respectively. In conclusion, greater adherence to a healthy dietary pattern rich in vegetables, fruits, whole grains, legumes and fish, may not be significantly related to ART success.

10.
Oral Dis ; 2020 Jul 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32702140

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To compare the prevalence of chronic periodontitis between men who had semen abnormalities and those who had normozoospermia through a case-control study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Male patients who visited the assisted reproduction clinic of a large general hospital and were diagnosed with semen abnormalities were included in the case group. The control group was composed of patients of the same clinic with normozoospermia. The semen analysis included sperm concentration, count and progressive and total motility, which were measured in the laboratory. A questionnaire and clinical periodontal examination were conducted for all participants. Logistic regression was performed to explore the relationship between chronic periodontitis and male infertility. RESULTS: A total of 192 participants were included: 63 participants (32.8%) had some type of semen abnormality (case group), while 129 participants (67.2%) had normozoospermia (control group). The case group had a significantly higher prevalence of moderate/severe periodontitis than the control group (33.3% vs. 17.8%, p = .012). The logistic regression showed that participants who had moderate/severe periodontitis had a greater chance of having semen abnormalities after adjusting for other confounding factors (OR = 3.377, p = .005). CONCLUSIONS: Periodontitis is associated with semen abnormalities and sperm motility in men.

12.
Elife ; 92020 07 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32644040

RESUMO

The gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) neurons exhibit pulse and surge modes of activity to control fertility. They also exhibit an unusual bipolar morphology comprised of a classical soma-proximal dendritic zone and an elongated secretory process that can operate as both a dendrite and an axon, termed a 'dendron'. We show using expansion microscopy that the highest density of synaptic inputs to a GnRH neuron exists at its distal dendron. In vivo, selective chemogenetic inhibition of the GnRH neuron distal dendron abolishes the luteinizing hormone (LH) surge and markedly dampens LH pulses. In contrast, inhibitory chemogenetic and optogenetic strategies targeting the GnRH neuron soma-proximal dendritic zone abolish the LH surge but have no effect upon LH pulsatility. These observations indicate that electrical activity at the soma-proximal dendrites of the GnRH neuron is only essential for the LH surge while the distal dendron represents an autonomous zone where synaptic integration drives pulsatile GnRH secretion.

14.
Arch Gynecol Obstet ; 302(2): 519-527, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32495015

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To explore the trends of oocyte and pregnancy outcomes over the ovulation trigger-OPU (oocyte pickup) time interval in four mainly used COH protocols. METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted between January 2013 and July 2018. The IVF/ICSI cycles of the patients with normal ovarian reserve were included. The number of total patients was 4673, which consisted of long agonist protocol (n = 819), short agonist protocol (n = 1703), mild stimulation protocol (n = 1627), and GnRH antagonist protocol (n = 524). The primary outcome was mature oocyte rate. RESULTS: The ovulation trigger-OPU time interval and COH protocol were related to cycles with > 80% MII oocytes. Four protocols showed apparently different trends of retrieved oocyte rate and mature oocyte rate over the ovulation trigger-OPU time interval, and the long agonist protocol had the most delayed time interval than other three COH protocols in retrieving more than 60% oocytes (35.4-39.6 h vs. 34.6-38.6 h vs. 32.5-37.5 h vs. 33.8-37.7 h) and getting more than 80% mature oocytes (35.0-39.7 h vs. 36.0-37.7 h vs. 34.1-35.5 h vs. 34.5-36.3 h). And the adjusted odds ratio (OR) of the cumulative live birth rate (CLBR) (OR 1.360, 95% Confidence Interval (CI) 1.156-1.549, P < 0.05) significantly increased with the trigger-OPU time interval in the long agonist protocol. CONCLUSIONS: For getting more and mature oocytes, the ovulation trigger-OPU time intervals should be gradually prolonged from the mild stimulation protocol, the GnRH antagonist protocol, and the short protocol to the long agonist protocol. And the prolonged ovulation trigger-OPU time interval in the long agonist protocol brings higher live birth rate (LBR) and CLBR.


Assuntos
Indução da Ovulação/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Ovário , Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos
15.
J Assist Reprod Genet ; 37(8): 1837-1847, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32524331

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We aimed to identify novel variants in TUBB8 and corresponding new abnormal phenotypes in oocytes/fertilization/ embryonic development responsible for female infertility. METHODS: Sanger sequencing of TUBB8 was performed in infertile women with abnormalities in oocyte maturation or embryonic development. The effects of the variants were evaluated in patients' oocytes by morphological observations and immunofluorescence. RESULTS: We identified 34 novel variants of TUBB8 in 51 patients who were diagnosed with abnormalities in oocyte maturation or early embryonic development. We found a novel phenotype in which large polar bodies were present in three independent patients possibly associated with a recurrent variant. Moreover, we identified a novel type of TUBB8 variant consisting of an in-frame deletion-insertion, which has not been previously reported. CONCLUSIONS: Our present study identified 34 novel variants in TUBB8 in 51 patients. These patients show oocyte maturation arrest, oocytes with large polar body, fertilization failure, early embryonic arrest or embryonic implantation failure. These results expand the kinds of variants and phenotypic spectrum of TUBB8 variants with regard to female infertility.

16.
J Assist Reprod Genet ; 37(8): 1949-1957, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32556707

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to compare pregnancy outcomes between immediate frozen embryo transfer (FET) performed within the first menstrual cycle after oocyte retrieval and delayed FET following subsequent cycles. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, and Web of Science were searched for eligible studies through January 2020. The main outcome measures were clinical pregnancy rate (CPR), live birth rate (LBR), and pregnancy loss rate (PLR). The effect size was estimated as risk ratio (RR) with 95% confidence interval (CI) using a random effects model. Inter-study heterogeneity was assessed by the I2 statistic. RESULTS: Twelve retrospective cohort studies involving 18,230 cycles were included. The pooled results revealed no significant differences between delayed and immediate FET in CPR (RR 0.94, 95% CI 0.87-1.03; I2 = 67.9%), LBR (RR 0.94, 95% CI 0.85-1.03; I2 = 67.5%), and PLR (RR 1.05, 95% CI 0.87-1.26; I2 = 42.7%). Subgroup analyses of freeze-all cycles showed a marginal decrease of CPR in delayed FET (RR 0.93, 95% CI 0.86-1.00; I2 = 53.6%), but no significant changes were observed regarding LBR (RR 0.93, 95% CI 0.85-1.02; I2 = 65.2%) and PLR (RR 1.09, 95% CI 0.84-1.41; I2 = 59.1%). No statistical differences were found in effect estimates among other subgroup analyses by ovarian stimulation protocol, trigger agent, endometrial preparation regimen, and embryo stage. CONCLUSION: Timing of the first FET after oocyte retrieval was not significantly associated with pregnancy outcomes. This finding refutes the current common practice to delay FET after oocyte retrieval and reassures patients who wish to proceed with FET at their earliest convenience. Due to the high heterogeneity and observational nature of included studies, further randomized controlled trials are needed to confirm the results.

17.
Hum Reprod ; 35(7): 1675-1684, 2020 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32575120

RESUMO

STUDY QUESTION: To evaluate the impact of storage time after vitrification on embryo viability, pregnancy outcomes and neonatal outcomes. SUMMARY ANSWER: The prolonged storage time of vitrified embryos negatively affected pregnancy outcomes, including biochemical pregnancy rate, clinical pregnancy and live birth rate; but did not influence neonatal outcomes. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Although vitrification has been the fundamental tool of ART treatments in recent years, few studies have explored the influence of storage period after vitrification on embryonic and clinical outcomes. STUDY DESIGN, SIZE, DURATION: A retrospective study was performed among 24 698 patients with the first vitrified embryo transfer following a freeze-all strategy during the period from January 2011 to December 2017. PARTICIPANTS/MATERIAL, SETTING, METHODS: A total of 24 698 patients met the inclusion criteria and were grouped according to the storage time (11 330 patients in Group 1 with storage time <3 months, 9614 patients in Group 2 with storage time between 3 and 6 months, 3188 patients in Group 3 with storage time between 6 and 12 months and 566 in Group 4 with storage time between 12 and 24 months). The pregnancy outcomes and neonatal outcomes were compared between different storage time groups. Multivariate logistic regression and linear regression were performed to evaluate the independent effect of storage time on clinical outcomes, adjusting for important confounders. MAIN RESULTS AND THE ROLE OF CHANCE: After adjustment for potential confounding factors, the chance of biochemical pregnancy (Group 1 as reference; Group 2: adjusted odds ratio (aOR) = 0.92, 95% CI 0.87-0.97; Group 3: aOR = 0.83, 95% CI 0.76-0.90; Group 4: aOR = 0.68, 95% CI 0.56-0.81), clinical pregnancy (Group 2: aOR = 0.91, 95% CI 0.86-0.96; Group 3: aOR = 0.80, 95% CI 0.73-0.87; Group 4: aOR = 0.65, 95% CI 0.54-0.79) and live birth (Group 2: aOR = 0.89, 95% CI 0.85-0.95; Group 3: aOR = 0.83, 95% CI 0.76-0.91; Group 4: aOR = 0.59, 95% CI 0.48-0.72) significantly decreased with the increasing storage time, whereas the relationship between miscarriage, ectopic pregnancy and storage time did not reach statistical significance. In addition, there was no evidence of differences in adverse neonatal outcomes (preterm birth, low birthweight, high birthweight, macrosomia or birth defects) between groups. LIMITATION, REASONS FOR CAUTION: Our study was limited by the retrospective design from a single center, the conclusion from our study needs to be verified in further studies. WIDER IMPLICATIONS OF THE FINDINGS: This study provides new findings about the relationship between prolonged storage time of vitrified embryos and clinical outcomes and offers evidence for the safety of using long-stored embryos after vitrification. STUDY FUNDING/COMPETING INTEREST(S): This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (grant nos. 81903324, 81771533, 81571397, 81701523), National Key Research and Development Program of China (grant no. SQ2018YFC100163). None of the authors have any conflicts of interest to declare.

18.
Arch Gynecol Obstet ; 302(3): 731-740, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32468163

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To explore whether the adverse pregnancy outcomes in first frozen embryo transfer (FET) cycles affect live birth and neonatal outcomes in the subsequent pregnancy? METHODS: This was a retrospective study. Women with a history of adverse pregnancy outcomes in first FET cycles started their subsequent embryo transfer cycles. The adverse pregnancy outcomes included biochemical pregnancy, ectopic pregnancy, and first-trimester pregnancy loss. The main outcomes of present study were live birth rate and neonatal outcomes. RESULTS: Results showed patients with first-trimester pregnancy loss in first FET cycles had a 95 percent greater chance of live birth in subsequent FET cycles (OR 1.95, 95% CI 1.33-2.88). However, the biochemical pregnancy/ectopic pregnancy in initial FET cycles did not affect the chance of live birth in second cycles (biochemical pregnancy: OR 1.21, 95% CI 0.82-1.77; ectopic pregnancy: OR 1.06, 95% CI 0.55-2.05). The neonatal outcomes of singletons were not affected by the number of embryo transfer cycles. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with first-trimester pregnancy loss in first FET cycle had a greater chance of live birth in second FET cycles, but the biochemical pregnancy/ectopic pregnancy in first FET cycles did not significantly affect the live birth in second FET cycles. The three types of adverse pregnancy outcomes in first FET cycles did not affect neonatal outcomes in the second cycles.


Assuntos
Transferência Embrionária/efeitos adversos , Nascimento Vivo/epidemiologia , Resultado da Gravidez/epidemiologia , Adulto , Transferência Embrionária/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
Am J Hum Genet ; 107(1): 15-23, 2020 07 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32473092

RESUMO

Normal oocyte meiosis is a prerequisite for successful human reproduction, and abnormalities in the process will result in infertility. In 2016, we identified mutations in TUBB8 as responsible for human oocyte meiotic arrest. However, the underlying genetic factors for most affected individuals remain unknown. TRIP13, encoding an AAA-ATPase, is a key component of the spindle assembly checkpoint, and recurrent homozygous nonsense variants and a splicing variant in TRIP13 are reported to cause Wilms tumors in children. In this study, we identified homozygous and compound heterozygous missense pathogenic variants in TRIP13 responsible for female infertility mainly characterized by oocyte meiotic arrest in five individuals from four independent families. Individuals from three families suffered from oocyte maturation arrest, whereas the individual from the fourth family had abnormal zygote cleavage. All displayed only the infertility phenotype without Wilms tumors or any other abnormalities. In vitro and in vivo studies showed that the identified variants reduced the protein abundance of TRIP13 and caused its downstream molecule, HORMAD2, to accumulate in HeLa cells and in proband-derived lymphoblastoid cells. The chromosome mis-segregation assay showed that variants did not have any effects on mitosis. Injecting TRIP13 cRNA into oocytes from one affected individual was able to rescue the phenotype, which has implications for future therapeutic treatments. This study reports pathogenic variants in TRIP13 responsible for oocyte meiotic arrest, and it highlights the pivotal but different roles of TRIP13 in meiosis and mitosis. These findings also indicate that different dosage effects of mutant TRIP13 might result in two distinct human diseases.


Assuntos
ATPases Associadas a Diversas Atividades Celulares/genética , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/genética , Infertilidade Feminina/genética , Mutação de Sentido Incorreto/genética , Oócitos/patologia , Adulto , Alelos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Feminino , Células HeLa , Homozigoto , Humanos , Meiose/genética , Fenótipo , Zigoto/patologia
20.
Reprod Biol Endocrinol ; 18(1): 48, 2020 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32410619

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Decreased endometrial thickness (EMT) has been suggested to be associated with reduced birthweight of in vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF/ICSI) newborns. Considering the differences in ovarian stimulation degree and laboratory procedures between IVF/ICSI and IUI treatment, we aim to investigate whether EMT has any influence on IUI infant outcomes as well. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of 1016 patients who had singleton livebirths after IUI treatment cycles from January 2008 to December 2018 at a tertiary-care academic medical center in China. Patients were categorized into three groups by the 10th and 90th percentile of peak EMT: ≤7.6, 7.7-13.0 and ≥ 13.1 mm. The primary outcomes of the study were preterm birth (PTB), low birthweight (LBW) and small-for-gestational age (SGA). Multiple regression analyses were performed after controlling for a variety of potential confounders. RESULTS: No significant differences were found among the three groups in gestational age, birthweight and birthweight Z-score. Compared with the EMT 7.7-13.0 mm group, the incidences of PTB, LBW and SGA were 5.5% (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 0.81, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.33-2.01), 6.4% (aOR 1.44, 95% CI 0.58-3.58) and 7.3% (aOR 1.21, 95% CI 0.53-2.76) in the EMT ≤7.6 mm group, respectively. Similarly, EMT ≥13.1 mm was not significantly associated with risks of PTB (aOR 0.63, 95% CI 0.24-1.65), LBW (aOR 0.57, 95% CI 0.17-1.95) and SGA (aOR 0.73, 95% CI 0.28-1.92). The odds of other adverse neonatal outcomes, including macrosomia, large-for-gestational age and major congenital malformations, did not show significant differences before and after adjustment in both EMT ≤7.6 and ≥ 13.1 mm groups. CONCLUSIONS: EMT is not independently associated with adverse perinatal outcomes in IUI cycles. This novel finding would provide reassuring information for IUI patients with thin endometrial linings regarding their neonatal health. However, further prospective cohort studies with larger datasets are needed to confirm the conclusion.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA