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1.
Kardiol Pol ; 78(5): 386-395, 2020 May 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32431133

RESUMO

Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) appears in most patients to be an inherited disease characterized by fibrofatty replacement of myocytes extending from the epicardium to the endocardium in the right ventricle. The disease process results in life­threatening ventricular arrhythmias and ventricular dysfunction. In the absence of a gold­standard diagnostic test and despite the progress in imaging techniques, ARVC is often misdiagnosed and earlier detection of the disease is challenging. Preprocedural identification and localization of the substrate can be determined from the analysis of surface electrocardiography and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging. Typically, perivalvular arrhythmogenic substrate, defined by electroanatomic mapping, is present and can be isolated to the epicardium. Ablation targets are further identified with activation, entrainment, and local electrogram abnormalities based on detailed electroanatomic mapping. Extensive combined endo / epicardial ablation performed in experienced centers is frequently required to prevent ventricular tachycardia (VT). Catheter ablation significantly reduces recurrences of VT, appropriate implantable cardioverter­defibrillator shocks, and the use of antiarrhythmic drugs and cardiac transplant as a management strategy for refractory arrhythmias is rarely required. Progression of the disease is poorly understood and may require a distinct triggering mechanism. Biventricular involvement is more common than previously recognized. However, left ventricular involvement leading to significant terminal heart failure is fortunately uncommon and left ventricular tachycardias are also infrequent. Many questions remain regarding prevention and management of coexisting tricuspid valve regurgitation, atrial arrhythmias, and intracardiac thrombosis. Although data on genotype­phenotype correlations is growing, long­term follow­up studies of families with ARVC are still lacking. Ongoing research will contribute to better understanding of this pathological condition.

2.
JACC Clin Electrophysiol ; 6(2): 221-230, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32081227

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to examine clinical characteristics of procedural and long-term outcomes in patients undergoing catheter ablation (CA) of outflow tract ventricular arrhythmias (OT-VAs) over 16 years. BACKGROUND: CA is an effective treatment strategy for OT-VAs. METHODS: Patients undergoing CA for OT-VAs from 1999 to 2015 were divided into 3 periods: 1999 to 2004 (early), 2005 to 2010 (middle), and 2011 to 2015 (recent). Successful ablation site (right ventricular OT, aortic cusps/left ventricular OT, or coronary venous system/epicardium), VA morphology (right bundle branch block or left bundle branch block), and acute and clinical success rates were assessed. RESULTS: Six hundred eighty-two patients (336 female) were included (early: n = 97; middle: n = 204; recent: n = 381). Over time there was increase in use of irrigated ablation catheters and electroanatomic mapping, and more VAs were ablated from the aortic cusp/left ventricular OT or coronary venous system/epicardium (14% vs. 45% vs. 56%; p < 0.0001). Acute procedural success was achieved in 585 patients (86%) and was similar between groups (82% vs. 84% vs. 88%; p = 0.27). Clinical success was also similar between groups (86% vs. 87% vs. 88%; p = 0.94), but more patients in earlier periods required repeat ablation (18% vs. 17% vs. 9%; p = 0.02). Overall complication rate was 2% (similar between groups). CONCLUSIONS: Over a 16-year period there was an increase in patients undergoing CA for OT-VTs, with more ablations performed at non-right ventricular outflow tract locations using electroanatomic mapping and irrigated-tip catheters. Over time, single procedure success has improved and complications have remained limited.

3.
Circ Cardiovasc Imaging ; 13(1): e009802, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31959010

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pulmonary hypertension is an established outcome predictor in patients with aortic stenosis (AS), but the prognostic impact of right ventricular dysfunction has not been well studied. METHODS: We included 2181 patients (50.4% men; mean age, 77 years) with aortic valve area <1.3 cm2 and analyzed the occurrence of all-cause death during follow-up according to tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) quartiles. RESULTS: Patients in the lowest quartile (TAPSE <17 mm) were at a high risk of death, whereas survival was comparable for the 3 other quartiles. Five-year survival was 55±2% for TAPSE <17 mm, 72±2% for TAPSE of 17 to 20 mm, 71±2% for TAPSE of 20 to 24 mm, and 73±2% for TAPSE >24 mm (overall P<0.001). TAPSE <17 mm was associated with increased mortality after adjustment for established prognostic factors (adjusted hazard ratio [HR], 1.55 [95% CI, 1.21-1.97]) and after further adjustment for aortic valve replacement (AVR; adjusted HR, 1.47 [95% CI, 1.15-1.87]). The excess mortality risk associated with TAPSE <17 mm was noticed in both patients managed initially conservatively (adjusted HR, 1.46 [95% CI, 1.20-1.76]) and patients who underwent early (within 3 months after diagnosis) AVR (adjusted HR, 1.61 [95% CI, 1.03-2.52]). In asymptomatic patients with severe AS and preserved ejection fraction, TAPSE <17 mm was independently predictive of mortality (adjusted HR, 2.14 [95% CI, 1.31-3.51]). Early AVR was associated with similar survival benefit in TAPSE <17 and ≥17 mm (adjusted HR, 0.23 [95% CI, 0.16-0.34] for TAPSE <17 mm, adjusted HR, 0.26 [95% CI, 0.19-0.35] for TAPSE ≥17 mm; P for interaction, 0.97). CONCLUSIONS: Right ventricular dysfunction is an important and independent predictor of mortality in AS. TAPSE <17 mm at the time of AS diagnosis is a marker of poor survival under conservative management and after AVR even in asymptomatic patients with severe AS. AVR was associated with a pronounced reduction in mortality independent of TAPSE suggesting that AVR should be discussed before right ventricular dysfunction occurs in severe AS.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31440875

RESUMO

PURPOSE: In arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC), abnormal electroanatomic mapping (EAM) areas are proportional to extent of T-wave inversion on 12-lead ECG. We aimed to evaluate local repolarization changes and their relationship to EAM substrate in ARVC. METHODS: Using unipolar recordings, we analyzed the proportion of negative T waves ≥ 1 mV in depth (NegT), NegT area, Q-Tpeak (QTP), Tpeak-Tend (TPE) intervals and their relationship to bipolar (< 1.5 mV ENDO, < 1.0 mV EPI) and unipolar (< 5.5 mV) endocardial (ENDO) and epicardial (EPI) low-voltage area (LVA) in 21 pts. (15 men, mean age 39 ± 14) with ARVC. Control group included 5 pts. with normal hearts and idiopathic PVCs. RESULTS: On ENDO, the % of NegT (7 ± 5% vs 30 ± 20%, p = 0.004) and the NegT area (12.9 ± 9.7 c m2 vs 61.4 ± 30.0 cm2, p = 0.001) were smaller in ARVC compared to controls. On EPI, the % of NegT was similar (5 ± 7% vs 3 ± 4%, p = 0.323) and the NegT area, larger (11.0 ± 8.4 cm2 vs 2.7 ± 0.9 cm2, p = 0.027) in ARVC group. In ARVC group, the % of NegT area inside LVA was larger on EPI compared to ENDO for both bipolar (81 ± 27% vs 31 ± 33%, p < 0.001) and unipolar (90 ± 19% vs 73 ± 28%, p = 0.036) recordings. Compared to normal voltage regions, QTP inside ENDO abnormal LVA was on average 58 ± 26 ms shorter and TPE, 25 ± 56 ms longer (97 ± 26 ms and 56 ± 86 ms on EPI, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: In ARVC, NegT areas are more closely associated with abnormal depolarization LVA on the EPI and QTP is shorter and TPE longer inside ENDO and EPI abnormal LVA compared to normal voltage regions. The results add to our understanding of ARVC arrhythmia substrate.

6.
J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol ; 30(8): 1287-1293, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31240813

RESUMO

AIMS: Acute cardiac tamponade (ACT) is the most common life-threatening complication of interventional electrophysiology. Urgent drainage by percutaneous pericardiocentesis and anticoagulation reversal are required. Immediate direct transfusion of the blood volume aspirated from the pericardial space to the patient has been rarely described. This study was designed to assess the efficacy and safety of immediate direct autologous blood transfusion (AutoBT). METHODS: A retrospective case series of direct AutoBT performed for ACT was collected. Urgent drainage by percutaneous pericardiocentesis and immediate direct AutoBT were performed to achieve hemodynamic stabilization without a cell-saver system. RESULTS: Twenty-two electrophysiology centers were contacted to participate in the case series. Fourteen centers reported not to use direct AutoBT. Three centers reported using direct AutoBT with the cell-saver system. Fourteen cases of immediate direct AutoBT without cell-saver system were included from the five remaining centers. Electrophysiological procedures were performed for ventricular tachycardia (n = 5), atrial fibrillation (n = 5), atrial tachycardia (n = 2), left accessory pathway (n = 1), and premature ventricular contraction (n = 1) with transseptal (n = 9), retroaortic (n = 4), and/or epicardial access (n = 4). Pericardial drainage was performed by percutaneous pericardiocentesis for 13 patients and via the transseptal sheath for one patient. Surgical hemostasis was required for seven patients. The mean volume of autologous blood directly transfused was 1207 ± 963 mL. Direct AutoBT permitted to resume the procedure in four patients. No major complication related to the use of AutoBT occurred. CONCLUSION: Direct AutoBT without a cell-saver system is a feasible, safe, and useful technique for salvage therapy in ACT in interventional electrophysiology.

7.
J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol ; 30(6): 865-876, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30834593

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Nonpulmonary vein (non-PV) triggers of atrial fibrillation (AF) are targets for ablation but their localization remains challenging. The aim of this study was to describe P-wave (PW) morphologic characteristics and intra-atrial activation patterns and timing from multipolar coronary sinus (CS) and crista terminalis (CT) catheters that localize non-PV triggers. METHODS AND RESULTS: Selective pacing from six right and nine left atrial common non-PV trigger sites was performed in 30 consecutive patients. We analyzed 12 lead ECG features based on PW duration, amplitude and morphology, and patterns and timing of multipolar activation for all 15 sites. Regionalization and then precise localization required criteria present in at least 70% of assessments at each pacing site. The algorithm was then prospectively evaluated by four blinded observers in a validation cohort of 18 consecutive patients undergoing the same pacing protocol and 60 consecutive patients who underwent successful non-PV trigger ablation. The algorithm for site regionalization included 1) negative PW in V1, ≥30 µV change in PW amplitude across the leads V1-V3, and PW duration ≤100 milliseconds in lead 2 and 2) unique intra-atrial activation patterns and timing noted in the multipolar catheters. Specific ECG and intra-atrial activation timing characteristics included in the algorithm allowed for more precise site localization after regionalization. In the prospective evaluation, the algorithm identified the site of origin for 72% of paced and 70% of spontaneous non-PV trigger sites. CONCLUSION: An algorithm based on PW morphology and intra-atrial multipolar activation pattern and timing can help identify non-PV trigger sites of origin.

8.
J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol ; 30(3): 366-373, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30575168

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ripple mapping displays every deflection of a bipolar electrogram and enables the visualization of conduction channels (RMCC) within postinfarction ventricular scar to guide ventricular tachycardia (VT) ablation. The utility of RMCC identification for facilitation of VT ablation in the setting of arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) has not been described. OBJECTIVE: We sought to (a) identify the slow conduction channels in the endocardial/epicardial scar by ripple mapping and (b) retrospectively analyze whether the elimination of RMCC is associated with improved VT-free survival, in ARVC patients. METHODS: High-density right ventricular endocardial and epicardial electrograms were collected using the CARTO 3 system in sinus rhythm or ventricular pacing and reviewed for RMCC. Low-voltage zones and abnormal myocardium in the epicardium were identified by using standardized late-gadolinium-enhanced (LGE) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) signal intensity (SI) z-scores. RESULTS: A cohort of 20 ARVC patients that had undergone simultaneous high-density right ventricular endocardial and epicardial electrogram mapping was identified (age 44 ± 13 years). Epicardial scar, defined as bipolar voltage less than 1.0 mV, occupied 47.6% (interquartile range [IQR], 30.9-63.7) of the total epicardial surface area and was larger than endocardial scar, defined as bipolar voltage less than 1.5 mV, which occupied 11.2% (IQR, 4.2 ± 17.8) of the endocardium (P < 0.01). A median 1.5 RMCC, defined as continuous corridors of sequential late activation within scar, were identified per patient (IQR, 1-3), most of which were epicardial. The median ratio of RMCC ablated was 1 (IQR, 0.6-1). During a median follow-up of 44 months (IQR, 11-49), the ratio of RMCC ablated was associated with freedom from recurrent VT (hazard ratio, 0.01; P = 0.049). Among nine patients with adequate MRI, 73% of RMCC were localized in LGE regions, 24% were adjacent to an area with LGE, and 3% were in regions without LGE. CONCLUSION: Slow conduction channels within endocardial or epicardial ARVC scar were delineated clearly by ripple mapping and corresponded to critical isthmus sites during entrainment. Complete elimination of RMCC was associated with freedom from VT.

9.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 5: 161, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30460246

RESUMO

During last centuries, Early Repolarization pattern has been interpreted as an ECG manifestation not linked to serious cardiovascular events. This view has been challenged on the basis of sporadic clinical observations that linked the J-wave with ventricular arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death. The particular role of this characteristic pattern in initiating ventricular fibrillation has been sustained by clinical descriptions of a marked and consistent J-wave elevation preceding the onset of the ventricular arrhythmia. Until now, Early Repolarization syndrome patients have been evaluated using ECG and theorizing different interpretations of the findings. Nonetheless, ECG analysis is not able to reveal all depolarization and repolarization properties and the explanation for this clinical events. Recent studies have characterized the epicardial substrate in these patients on the basis of high-resolution data, in an effort to provide insights into the substrate properties that support arrhythmogenicity in these patients. An overview for the current evidence supporting different theories explaining Early Repolarization Syndrome is provided in this review. Finally, future developments in the field directed toward individualized treatment strategies are examined.

10.
J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol ; 29(11): 1515-1522, 2018 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30230106

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Differentiation of right versus left ventricular outflow tract (RVOT vs. LVOT) arrhythmia origin with left bundle branch block right inferior axis (LBRI) morphology is relevant to ablation planning and risk discussion. Our aim was to determine if lead I R-wave amplitude is useful for differentiation of RVOT from LVOT arrhythmias with LBRI morphology. METHODS: The R-wave amplitude in lead I was measured in a retrospective cohort of 75 consecutive patients with LBRI pattern ventricular arrhythmias (VAs) successfully ablated from the RVOT (n = 54), LVOT (n = 16), or the anterior interventricular vein (AIV; n = 5). The optimal R-wave threshold was identified and diagnostic indices were compared with the previously reported transitional zone (TZ) index and V2S/V3R index. RESULTS: An R-wave amplitude greater than or equal to 0.1 mV predicted LVOT origin with 75% sensitivity and 98.2% specificity. In comparison, the TZ and V2S/V3R indices had 50% and 68.8% sensitivity, and 75.9% and 88.9% specificity, respectively, for predicting LVOT origin. The area under the curve (AUC) was 0.85 for lead I R-wave amplitude, 0.87 for V2S/V3R, and 0.72 for the TZ index. Of 36 cases with QS in lead I, 30 (83.3%) were from the anterior RVOT, three (8.3%) from the LVOT, and three (8.3%) from the AIV. CONCLUSION: The presence of R-wave amplitude in lead I (≥0.1 mV) is a simple and useful criterion to identify LVOT cusp or endocardium focus in LBRI arrhythmias. A QS pattern in lead I suggests an origin in the anterior RVOT, or less commonly the adjacent LV summit.


Assuntos
Bloqueio de Ramo/diagnóstico , Bloqueio de Ramo/fisiopatologia , Eletrocardiografia/métodos , Ventrículos do Coração/fisiopatologia , Taquicardia Ventricular/diagnóstico , Taquicardia Ventricular/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Idoso , Ablação por Cateter/métodos , Estudos de Coortes , Eletrocardiografia/instrumentação , Eletrodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
11.
JACC Clin Electrophysiol ; 4(3): 331-338, 2018 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30089558

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study reports the long-term outcome of patients with bundle branch re-entrant tachycardia (BBRT) who underwent catheter ablation for ventricular tachycardia (VT). BACKGROUND: BBRT is an uncommon mechanism of VT. Data on long-term outcomes of patients with BBRT treated with catheter ablation are insufficient. METHODS: Between 2005 and 2016, 32 patients had a sustained VT due to a bundle branch re-entrant mechanism. Diagnosis of BBRT was established per standard published criteria. RESULTS: The mode of presentation was syncope in 17 patients (53%) and palpitations in 15 (47%). BBRT was inducible in all subjects, and successful ablation of the right bundle branch in 19 patients (59%) or the left bundle branch in 13 patients (41%) was performed. During follow-up of 95 ± 36 months, 6 patients (19%) died, 3 of progressive heart failure and 3 of noncardiac causes. Recurrent VT due to BBRT did not occur in any patient. At baseline, 25 patients (78%) had a prolonged HV interval (>55 ms) and 7 (22%) had a normal HV interval (≤55 ms). In patients with a normal HV interval, there was only 1 death (due to malignancy), and no one developed heart block during 90 ± 36 months of follow-up. Ten patients (31%) had normal left ventricular (LV) function (LV ejection fraction ≥50%), and 22 (69%) had depressed LV function (LV ejection fraction <50%). No deaths were recorded in patients with normal LV function (5 with no implantable cardioverter-defibrillator) compared with 6 deaths among patients with depressed LV function (n = 22; p = 0.07). CONCLUSIONS: Radiofrequency ablation of the bundle branch is an effective therapy for treatment of BBRT. Sustained BBRT can be seen in patients with normal LV systolic function and HV interval with excellent long-term outcomes after ablation.


Assuntos
Bloqueio de Ramo/cirurgia , Ablação por Cateter , Taquicardia Ventricular , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Ablação por Cateter/efeitos adversos , Ablação por Cateter/estatística & dados numéricos , Desfibriladores Implantáveis , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Taquicardia Ventricular/epidemiologia , Taquicardia Ventricular/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol ; 11(6): e005948, 2018 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29858383

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The electrocardiographic and intracardiac activation features of left atrial roof-dependent macroreentrant flutter have been incompletely characterized. METHODS: Patients post-pulmonary vein (PV) isolation with roof-dependent atrial flutter based on activation and entrainment mapping were included. ECG and coronary sinus activation were compared with mitral annular (MA) flutter. RESULTS: The roof-dependent left atrial flutter circled the right PVs in 32 of 33 cases. Two forms of roof flutters were identified, posteroanterior, ascendant on posterior wall and descendant on anterior wall (n=24); and anteroposterior, ascendant on the anterior wall and descendent on the posterior wall (n=9). Both forms had positive large amplitude P waves in V1 through V2 with decreasing amplitude in V3 through V6. Posteroanterior roof flutters had positive P wave in the inferior and negative P wave in leads I and aVL similar to counterclockwise MA flutter, but coronary sinus activation was simultaneous for roof and proximal to distal for counterclockwise. Anteroposterior roof flutters were similar to clockwise MA flutter with negative P in inferior leads and transition to flat or negative P in V3 through V6. Coronary sinus activation time ≤39 ms identified roof versus MA flutter (sensitivity: 100% and specificity: 97%). CONCLUSIONS: Roof-dependent flutter around right PVs is more common than around left PVs. The ECG pattern for roof-dependent flutter around right PVs is similar to MA flutter with frontal plane axis dictated by septal activation. Roof-dependent flutter can be distinguished from MA flutter by more simultaneous rather than sequential coronary sinus activation.


Assuntos
Potenciais de Ação , Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Flutter Atrial/diagnóstico , Função do Átrio Esquerdo , Ablação por Cateter/efeitos adversos , Seio Coronário/fisiopatologia , Eletrocardiografia , Veias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Fibrilação Atrial/fisiopatologia , Flutter Atrial/etiologia , Flutter Atrial/fisiopatologia , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Mônaco , Pennsylvania , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Veias Pulmonares/fisiopatologia , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Heart Rhythm ; 15(7): 987-993, 2018 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29501666

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Criteria for identification of anatomic ventricular tachycardia substrates in arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) on late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) are unclear. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to define (1) the association of regional right ventricular (RV) epicardial voltage amplitude with the distribution of LGE; and (2) appropriate image signal intensity (SI) thresholds for ventricular tachycardia substrate identification in ARVC. METHODS: Preprocedural LGE-CMR and epicardial electrogram mapping were performed in 10 ARVC patients. The locations of epicardial electrogram map points, obtained during sinus rhythm with intrinsic conduction or RV pacing, were retrospectively registered to the corresponding LGE image regions. Standardized SI z-scores (standard deviation distance from the mean) were calculated for each 10-mm region surrounding map points. RESULTS: In patient-clustered, generalized estimating equations models that included 3205 epicardial electroanatomic points and corresponding SI measures, bipolar (-1.43 mV/z-score; P <.001) and unipolar voltage amplitude (-1.22 mV/z-score; P <.001) were associated with regional SI z-scores. In contrast to the QRS-late potential (LP) interval (P = .362), the LP activation index, defined as electrogram duration divided by QRS-LP, was associated with regional SI z-scores (P <.001). SI z-score thresholds >0.05 (95% confidence interval -0.05 to 0.15) and <-0.16 (95% confidence interval -0.26 to 0.06) corresponded to bipolar voltage measures <0.5 and >1.0 mV, respectively. CONCLUSION: Increased RV gadolinium uptake is associated with lower epicardial bipolar and unipolar electrogram voltage amplitude. Standardized LGE-CMR SI z-scores may augment preprocedural planning for identification of low-voltage zones and abnormal myocardium in ARVC.


Assuntos
Displasia Arritmogênica Ventricular Direita/fisiopatologia , Ablação por Cateter/métodos , Mapeamento Epicárdico/métodos , Gadolínio DTPA/farmacologia , Ventrículos do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Taquicardia Ventricular/fisiopatologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Displasia Arritmogênica Ventricular Direita/complicações , Displasia Arritmogênica Ventricular Direita/diagnóstico , Meios de Contraste/farmacologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Sistema de Condução Cardíaco/fisiopatologia , Frequência Cardíaca , Ventrículos do Coração/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Imageamento Tridimensional , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taquicardia Ventricular/etiologia , Taquicardia Ventricular/cirurgia , Adulto Jovem
14.
Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol ; 11(3): e005553, 2018 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29545358

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Repolarization abnormalities in arrhythmogenic right ventricular (RV) cardiomyopathy and their relationship to ventricular tachycardia substrate are incompletely understood. METHODS AND RESULTS: In 40 patients (29 men, mean age 38 years) with arrhythmogenic RV cardiomyopathy, we compared the extent and location of abnormal T (NegT) waves ≥1 mm in depth (n=32) and downsloping elevated ST segment (n=13), in ≥2 adjacent leads, to area and location of endocardial bipolar (<1.5 mV) and unipolar (<5.5 mV) and epicardial bipolar (<1.0 mV) voltage abnormalities. Abnormal unipolar RV endocardial area of 33.4±19.3% was present in 8 patients without NegT waves. Patients with NegT waves extending beyond lead V3 (n=20) had larger low bipolar (31.4±18.9% versus 16.5±14.6%; P=0.008) and unipolar endocardial areas (66.0±19.6% versus 47.4±25.1%; P=0.013) and larger epicardial low bipolar area (56.0±19.3% versus 40.1±24.9%; P=0.030) compared with those with NegT waves limited to leads V1 through V3 (n=20). ECG location of NegT waves regionalized to location of substrate. Patients with downsloping elevated ST segment, all localized to leads V1 and V2, had more unipolar endocardial abnormalities (71.8±18.1% versus 49.4±23.5%; P=0.005) involving outflow and mid-RV, compared with patients without downsloping elevated ST segment. CONCLUSIONS: In arrhythmogenic RV cardiomyopathy, abnormal electroanatomic mapping areas are proportional to extent of T-wave inversion on 12-lead ECG. Marked voltage abnormalities can exist without repolarization change. Downsloping elevated ST-segment pattern in V1 and V2 occurs with more unipolar endocardial voltage abnormality, consistent with more advanced transmural disease.


Assuntos
Displasia Arritmogênica Ventricular Direita/fisiopatologia , Mapeamento Potencial de Superfície Corporal/métodos , Sistema de Condução Cardíaco/fisiopatologia , Ventrículos do Coração/fisiopatologia , Potenciais de Ação , Adulto , Displasia Arritmogênica Ventricular Direita/diagnóstico , Eletrocardiografia/métodos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino
15.
J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol ; 29(1): 46-54, 2018 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29024212

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Assess the prevalence and predictors of left atrial tachycardia (LAT) after cryoballoon ablation of pulmonary veins. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients who underwent catheter ablation of pulmonary veins with a second-generation cryoballoon for symptomatic paroxysmal (151 of 270, 56%) or persistent (119 of 270, 44%) atrial fibrillation were entered in a single-center prospective registry. Patients who experienced postcryoballoon LAT (pcryo-LAT) were selected on the basis of 12-lead ECG characteristics. Left atrial origin was confirmed during conventional EP study and electroanatomical activation mapping, and patients were treated by RF catheter ablation. Pcryo-LAT was observed in 15 (5.6%) of 270 patients and was attributed to a reentrant mechanism in 11 patients (73%). The other four cases of pcryo-LAT were due to focal atrial tachycardia associated with reconnection of one pulmonary vein. In comparison with patients who remained in sinus rhythm, LA area (HR = 1.09; CI 1.01, 1.2; P = 0.02), LVEF (HR = 0.94; CI 0.90, 0.97; P < 0.001), and LVEF <50% (HR = 8.5; CI 3.1, 23.6; P < 0.001) were predictors of pcryo-LAT. After multivariate Cox analysis, only left ventricular ejection fraction < 50% remained predictive of pcryo-LAT, (HR = 7.8, CI 2.3 26.7, P = 0.002). With a mean survival of 23 months, 73% of patients who experienced pcryo-LAT were in sinus rhythm versus 78% of patients without pcryo-LAT (log rank P = 0.85). CONCLUSION: The prevalence of pcryo-LAT in patients with atrial fibrillation is low. Left ventricular ejection fraction < 50% is associated with an increased risk of pcryo-LAT. When treated by RF catheter ablation, the presence of pcryo-LAT is not a predictive factor of subsequent recurrence of atrial fibrillation during follow-up.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Criocirurgia/efeitos adversos , Veias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Taquicardia Supraventricular/epidemiologia , Potenciais de Ação , Idoso , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Fibrilação Atrial/epidemiologia , Fibrilação Atrial/fisiopatologia , Função do Átrio Esquerdo , Eletrocardiografia , Técnicas Eletrofisiológicas Cardíacas , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Estudos Prospectivos , Veias Pulmonares/fisiopatologia , Sistema de Registros , Fatores de Risco , Volume Sistólico , Taquicardia Supraventricular/diagnóstico , Taquicardia Supraventricular/fisiopatologia , Fatores de Tempo , Função Ventricular Esquerda
17.
JACC Clin Electrophysiol ; 3(13): 1523-1533, 2017 12 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29759834

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of frailty in the elderly on response to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). BACKGROUND: CRT has been shown to improve symptoms and outcome of patients with congestive heart failure (HF) and impaired left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). The impact of frailty on the results of CRT is unknown. METHODS: Frailty defined as <14 of 17 points using the ONCODAGE (Outil de dépistage gériatrique en oncologie) G8 score was assessed before device implantation in candidates for CRT who were >70 years of age. The primary endpoint was the response to CRT, defined as an improvement of >5% of the LVEF and the absence of hospitalization for HF or cardiovascular death at 9 months. RESULTS: Ninety-two of 151 included patients (61%) were frail, and 89 (59%) were responders. Frailty was more frequent in nonresponders: 45 of 62 (73%) versus 47 of 89 (53%) (p = 0.014) and was identified as an independent predictor of nonresponse to CRT (R = 0.30; 95% confidence interval: 0.02 to 0.59; p = 0.039). Frailty was associated with a higher cumulative probability of hospitalization for HF (log-rank p = 0.032) and of all-cause death (log-rank p = 0.033). A G8 score <10.25 correlated with hospitalization for HF or death at 9 months (area under the curve: 0.75; 95% confidence interval: 0.63 to 0.87; cutoff <10.25; 77% sensitivity, 63% specificity). CONCLUSIONS: Frailty is as an independent predictor of nonresponse to CRT. Frail patients implanted with CRT devices have a higher risk of hospitalization for HF and mortality. Routine comprehensive geriatric assessment at the time of screening for device therapy should be recommended to optimize management. (Frailty Score Assessment for Elderly Patients Undergoing Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy [FRAILTY]; NCT02369419).


Assuntos
Dispositivos de Terapia de Ressincronização Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Terapia de Ressincronização Cardíaca/mortalidade , Avaliação Geriátrica/métodos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/terapia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Dispositivos de Terapia de Ressincronização Cardíaca/estatística & dados numéricos , Morte , Desfibriladores Implantáveis/efeitos adversos , Desfibriladores Implantáveis/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Fragilidade , Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia , Função Ventricular Esquerda
19.
Europace ; 18(6): 815-9, 2016 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26467404

RESUMO

AIMS: This prospective study was carried out to assess the feasibility and safety of venous figure-of-eight suture to achieve haemostasis after atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation. METHODS AND RESULTS: Consecutive patients who underwent catheter ablation of AF were prospectively enrolled from February 2012 to September 2013. At the end of the procedure, a temporary subcutaneous 'Figure-of-eight' suture technique was used to achieve haemostasis. Anticoagulation strategy evolved during the study. Initially, vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) were stopped and replaced by administration of low-molecular-weight heparin. It was subsequently decided to perform these procedures without stopping VKA. With the arrival of direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs), it was decided to miss the evening dose before the procedure. One hundred and twenty-four patients were included. Seventy-three per cent of patients were male, and the mean age was 58 ± 10 years old. One hundred and twelve patients (90%) experienced paroxysmal AF and were treated by cryotherapy with the use of a 15 Fr outer diameter Flexcath Advance sheath. The 'Figure-of-eight' suture technique was able to be performed in all patients and was sufficient in 114 patients. Mechanical external compression was required for 10 patients. Three patients developed a haematoma. The overall incidence of haematoma was therefore 2.4%. CONCLUSION: Figure-of-eight suture is a fast closure technique that can be used as an efficient alternative to usual compression methods to prevent bleeding during high-intensity anticoagulation and the use of large-diameter venous sheaths and multiple femoral venous accesses.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/administração & dosagem , Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Ablação por Cateter , Hemostasia , Técnicas de Sutura , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , França , Hematoma/epidemiologia , Hemorragia/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Tromboembolia/prevenção & controle , Resultado do Tratamento
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