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1.
Mod Rheumatol Case Rep ; 4(2): 278-282, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33087011

RESUMO

A 62-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital because of fever, renal dysfunction, eosinophilia, and the presence of MPO-ANCA. Based on the renal pathological examination which showed granuloma lesion with eosinophils and crescentic glomerulonephritis, eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA) was diagnosed. On the other hand, laboratory examination showed elevated serum IgG4 levels and renal pathological examination showed marked lymphoplasmacytic infiltration and fibrosis surrounding nest "Bird's eye pattern," which were characteristic of IgG4-related kidney disease (IgG4-RKD). Because there are cases when EGPA has clinical features of IgG4-RKD, we should be careful about diagnoses of IgG4-RKD in patients with EGPA.

2.
Mod Rheumatol Case Rep ; 4(2): 253-261, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33087021

RESUMO

Mixed connective tissue disease (MCTD) involves various clinical manifestations, and pulmonary hypertension (PH) is an important organ dysfunction defining the prognosis of MCTD. The pathology of PH is heterogeneous. Here, we present 2 cases of MCTD complicated by PH that had contrasting clinical courses. The first case involved a 54-year-old woman with Raynaud's phenomenon and dyspnoea on exertion. She was diagnosed with MCTD accompanied by pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) and was treated with ambrisentan and tadalafil in addition to high-dose glucocorticoid (GC) therapy and rituximab therapy. After treatment, her PH resolved. The second case involved a 64-year-old woman with Raynaud's phenomenon and dyspnoea on exertion. She was similarly diagnosed with MCTD accompanied by PAH and was treated with ambrisentan and tadalafil in addition to high-dose GC therapy and cyclophosphamide pulse therapy. However, she showed exacerbation of her respiratory condition and manifestation of pulmonary veno-occlusive disease (PVOD). Thus, the treatment was discontinued, and subsequently, her condition improved and eventually returned to that before treatment. The findings suggest that the presence or absence of latent PVOD might be an important factor for predicting the therapeutic responsiveness of MCTD-associated PH. Evaluation of chest radiography findings, computed tomography findings, percent vital capacity, and percent carbon monoxide diffusion capacity might be useful for predicting prognosis and might aid in treatment. PVOD could be underlying in patients with CTD-PH. When the complication of PVOD is suggested by chest CT or pulmonary function test, we need a careful introduction with pulmonary vasodilators. So, combination therapy of pulmonary vasodilators should not be applied in all patients with CTD-PH since underlying PVOD could deteriorate the patient's condition.

3.
Bone ; : 115616, 2020 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32866681

RESUMO

Osteoclasts are typically differentiated from monocytes (Mo-OC). A subset of osteoclasts (DC-OC) that are differentiated from dendritic cells (DC) has been reported in the arthritic mice model. However, little information is available on DC-OC in humans. The present study applied both in vitro and in vivo experiments to determine the function and pathological significance of DC-OC. DC-OC were differentiated from human monocyte-derived DC and their bone resorption and antigen-presenting functions were investigated. Synovial tissue samples from patients with rheumatoid arthritis were examined for the presence and characteristics of DC-OC. DC-OC differentiated from DC in the presence of M-CSF and RANKL in vitro were demonstrated to be cathepsin K-positive and TRAP-positive multinucleated giant cells. The DC-OC showed stronger bone resorption ability than monocyte-derived osteoclast (Mo-OC) as observed with the pit formation assay. The DC-OC retained CD11c positivity and expressed costimulatory molecules, unlike Mo-OC. T-cells proliferated when co-cultured with DC-OC, but not with Mo-OC. The addition of abatacept to the cocultures reduced T-cell stimulating activity of DC-OC. Abatacept inhibited the differentiation of monocytes into Mo-OC but did not suppress the differentiation of DC into DC-OC. TRAP-positive and CD86-positive DC-OC were detected in the synovial membranes of rheumatoid arthritis patients but not in patients with osteoarthritis. Human DC-OC demonstrated T-cell stimulating activity in addition to osteolytic activity. We further observed this subset of osteoclasts in the inflammatory synovial membrane of patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Such deviations from normal bone metabolism contribute to the inflammation and bone destruction in chronic inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis.

4.
Cell Rep ; 32(8): 108074, 2020 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32846131

RESUMO

The small guanosine triphosphatase (GTPase) RAS serves as a molecular switch in signal transduction, and its mutation and aberrant activation are implicated in tumorigenesis. Here, we perform real-time, in-cell nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) analyses of non-farnesylated RAS to measure time courses of the fraction of the active GTP-bound form (fGTP) within cytosol of live mammalian cells. The observed intracellular fGTP is significantly lower than that measured in vitro for wild-type RAS as well as oncogenic mutants, due to both decrease of the guanosine diphosphate (GDP)-GTP exchange rate (kex) and increase of GTP hydrolysis rate (khy). In vitro reconstitution experiments show that highly viscous environments promote a reduction of kex, whereas the increase of khy is stimulated by unidentified cytosolic proteins. This study demonstrates the power of in-cell NMR to directly detect the GTP-bound levels of RAS in mammalian cells, thereby revealing that the khy and kex of RAS are modulated by various intracellular factors.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32810263

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: RF and ACPA are used as diagnostic tools and their presence has been associated with clinical response to some biologic DMARDs (bDMARDs) in RA. This study compared the impact of seropositivity on drug discontinuation and effectiveness of bDMARDs in patients with RA, using head-to-head comparisons in a real-world setting. METHODS: We conducted a pooled analysis of 16 observational RA registries. Inclusion criteria were a diagnosis of RA, initiation of treatment with rituximab (RTX), abatacept (ABA), tocilizumab (TCZ) or TNF inhibitors (TNFis) and available information on RF and/or ACPA status. Drug discontinuation was analysed using Cox regression, including drug, seropositivity, their interaction, adjusting for concomitant and past treatments and patient and disease characteristics and accounting for country and calendar year of bDMARD initiation. Effectiveness was analysed using the Clinical Disease Activity Index evolution over time. RESULTS: Among the 27 583 eligible patients, the association of seropositivity with drug discontinuation differed across bDMARDs (P for interaction <0.001). The adjusted hazard ratios for seropositive compared with seronegative patients were 1.01 (95% CI 0.95, 1.07) for TNFis, 0.89 (0.78, 1.02)] for TCZ, 0.80 (0.72, 0.88) for ABA and 0.70 (0.59, 0.84) for RTX. Adjusted differences in remission and low disease activity rates between seropositive and seronegative patients followed the same pattern, with no difference in TNFis, a small difference in TCZ, a larger difference in ABA and the largest difference in RTX (Lundex remission difference +5.9%, low disease activity difference +11.6%). CONCLUSION: Seropositivity was associated with increased effectiveness of non-TNFi bDMARDs, especially RTX and ABA, but not TNFis.

6.
JMIR Mhealth Uhealth ; 8(7): e19902, 2020 07 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32568728

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: As a counter-cluster measure to prevent the spread of the infectious novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19), an efficient system for health observation outside the hospital is urgently required. Personal health records (PHRs) are suitable for the daily management of physical conditions. Importantly, there are no major differences between the items collected by daily health observation via PHR and the observation of items related to COVID-19. Until now, observations related to COVID-19 have been performed exclusively based on disease-specific items. Therefore, we hypothesize that PHRs would be suitable as a symptom-tracking tool for COVID-19. To this end, we integrated health observation items specific to COVID-19 with an existing PHR-based app. OBJECTIVE: This study is conducted as a proof-of-concept study in a real-world setting to develop a PHR-based COVID-19 symptom-tracking app and to demonstrate the practical use of health observations for COVID-19 using a smartphone or tablet app integrated with PHRs. METHODS: We applied the PHR-based health observation app within an active epidemiological investigation conducted by Wakayama City Public Health Center. At the public health center, a list is made of individuals who have been in close contact with known infected cases (health observers). Email addresses are used by the app when a health observer sends data to the public health center. Each health observer downloads the app and installs it on their smartphone. Self-observed health data are entered daily into the app. These data are then sent via the app by email at a designated time. Localized epidemiological officers can visualize the collected data using a spreadsheet macro and, thus, monitor the health condition of all health observers. RESULTS: We used the app as part of an active epidemiological investigation executed at a public health center. During the investigation, 72 close contacts were discovered. Among them, 57 had adopted the use of the health observation app. Before the introduction of the app, all health observers would have been interviewed by telephone, a slow process that took four epidemiological officers more than 2 hours. After the introduction of the app, a single epidemiological officer can carry out health observations. The app was distributed for free beginning in early March, and by mid-May, it had been used by more than 20,280 users and 400 facilities and organizations across Japan. Currently, health observation of COVID-19 is socially recognized and has become one of the requirements for resuming social activities. CONCLUSIONS: Health observation by PHRs for the purpose of improving health management can also be effectively applied as a measure against large-scale infectious diseases. Individual habits of improving awareness of personal health and the use of PHRs for daily health management are powerful armaments against the rapid spread of infectious diseases. Ultimately, similar actions may help to prevent the spread of COVID-19.


Assuntos
Busca de Comunicante/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Registros de Saúde Pessoal , Aplicativos Móveis , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Estudos de Viabilidade , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia
7.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 22(1): 136, 2020 06 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32513309

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The effectiveness and safety of biological disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (bDMARDs) by age group (< 65, 65-74, and ≥ 75 years) are uncertain. We examined retention rates reflecting the effectiveness and safety of bDMARDs in actual clinical practice for clarifying optimal therapeutic strategies for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) by age groups. METHODS: Data of patients who were treated with tumor necrosis factor inhibitors (TNFi), abatacept (ABA), and tocilizumab (TCZ) between February 2011 and April 2017 were collected from a prospective observational registry of RA patients. A total of 1362 patients were enrolled, of which 695 were aged < 65 years, 402 were aged 65-74 years, and 265 were aged ≥ 75 years. Primary outcome was the drug retention rate in adjusted data using inverse probability of treatment weighting based on generalized propensity scores. RESULTS: In patients aged < 65 years, 3-year retention rates of TNFi, ABA, and TCZ were 43%, 47%, and 69%, respectively (ABA versus TCZ, p = 0.017; TNFi versus TCZ, p = 0.002). In patients aged 65-74 years, 3-year retention rates of TNFi, ABA, and TCZ were 44%, 53%, and 60%, respectively (TCZ versus TNFi, p = 0.034). In patients aged ≥ 75 years, 3-year retention rates for TNFi, ABA, and TCZ were 38%, 63%, and 58%, respectively (ABA versus TNFi, p = 0.017). CONCLUSIONS: We found that the effectiveness and safety of TCZ were maximal in patients aged < 75 years and that patients aged ≥ 75 years might be suitable candidates for TCZ and ABA therapy. The use of therapeutic strategies appropriate to each age group might improve the outcomes of bDMARD therapy for RA.

8.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 22(1): 141, 2020 06 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32539843

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: B cell depletion by rituximab (RTX) is an effective treatment for anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic autoantibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV). However, peripheral B cell phenotypes and the selection criteria for RTX therapy in AAV remain unclear. METHODS: Phenotypic characterization of circulating B cells was performed by 8-color flow cytometric analysis in 54 newly diagnosed AAV patients (20 granulomatosis with polyangiitis and 34 microscopic polyangiitis). Patients were considered eligible to receive intravenous cyclophosphamide pulse (IV-CY) or RTX. All patients also received high-dose glucocorticoids (GC). We assessed circulating B cell phenotypes and evaluated the efficacy after 6 months of treatment. RESULTS: There were no significant differences in the rate of clinical improvement, relapses, or serious adverse events between patients receiving RTX and IV-CY. The rate of Birmingham Vasculitis Activity Score (BVAS) improvement at 6 months tended to be higher in the RTX group than in the IV-CY group. The proportion of effector or class-switched memory B cells increased in 24 out of 54 patients (44%). The proportions of peripheral T and B cell phenotypes did not correlate with BVAS at baseline. However, among peripheral B cells, the proportion of class-switched memory B cells negatively correlated with the rate of improvement in BVAS at 6 months after treatment initiation (r = - 0.28, p = 0.04). Patients with excessive B cell differentiation were defined as those in whom the proportion of class-switched memory B cells or IgD-CD27- B cells among all B cells was > 2 SDs higher than the mean in the HCs. The rate of BVAS remission in patients with excessive B cell differentiation was significantly lower than that in patients without. In patients with excessive B cell differentiation, the survival rate, the rate of BVAS-remission, and dose reduction of GC were significantly improved in the RTX group compared to those in the IV-CY group after 6 months of treatment. CONCLUSIONS: The presence of excessive B cell differentiation was associated with treatment resistance. However, in patients with circulating B cell abnormality, RTX was effective and increased survival compared to IV-CY. The results suggest that multi-color flow cytometry may be useful to determine the selection criteria for RTX therapy in AAV patients.

9.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 59(10): 3058-3069, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32375179

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To elucidate the molecular mechanisms underlying pathogenic Th17 cells, we investigated the modulation of epigenetic modifications and its association with SLE. METHODS: Naive CD4+ T cells were cultured in Th17 polarizing conditions for 5 days and then treated with various cytokines, including IL-23. Expression of Th17 cell-related markers and phosphorylation of signal transducers and activators of transcription (pSTATs) were analysed using flow cytometry and quantitative PCR. Histone modifications were assessed using chromatin immunoprecipitation PCR. T cell phenotypes and pSTATs were analysed in blood samples of patients with SLE (n = 28). Finally, the effects of baricitinib on memory Th17 cells were investigated in SLE patients (n = 12). RESULTS: Stimulation of resting Th17 cells with IL-23 promoted maturation of these cells (P < 0.0001). IL-23 induced pSTAT3, but not pSTAT4, during Th17 cell maturation (P < 0.05). IL-23-induced STAT3 directly bound the RORγT gene locus. This was accompanied by induction of the H3H4me3 permissive mark and reduction of the H3K27me3 repressive mark, leading to enhanced RORγT gene expression. IL-23-induced expansion of Th17 cells and pSTAT3 were suppressed by the addition of baricitinib in a concentration-dependent manner (P < 0.05). In memory Th17 cells from SLE patients, pSTAT3 was hypersensitized by IL-23 stimulation and inhibited by baricitinib (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The results of this study indicate that IL-23/STAT3 signalling plays a fundamental role in Th17 cell maturation through transcriptional and epigenetic modifications in patients with SLE. This mechanism may underlie pathogenic Th17 cell expansion and may lead to identification of novel therapeutic targets for SLE.

10.
BMC Endocr Disord ; 20(1): 50, 2020 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32299407

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The prevalence of childhood-onset growth hormone (GH) deficiency (GHD) is estimated to be approximately 1 in 5000 or more, with the cause unknown in most cases (idiopathic isolated GHD). However, additional disorders of secretion of other pituitary hormones reportedly develop over time, with a frequency of 2-94% (median, 16%). Furthermore, median times to development of other anterior pituitary hormone deficiencies have been reported to be 6.4-9.4 years. On the other hand, adult patients affected by childhood-onset GHD reportedly develop impaired ventilation function due to reduced lung volumes and respiratory pressures, probably due to reductions in respiratory muscle strength. In addition, GH is known to play a role in stimulating the glomerular filtration rate (GFR), and the estimated GFR (eGFR) is decreased in patients with GHD. CASE PRESENTATION: This case involved a 65-year-old woman. Her short stature had been identified at around 3 years of age, but no effective treatments had been provided. The patient was mostly amenorrheic, and hair loss became apparent in her late 30s. She developed hyperuricemia, dyslipidemia, and hypertension at 45 years of age. In addition, the patient was diagnosed with hypothyroidism at 50 years of age. At 58 years of age, endocrinological examination showed impaired secretion of thyroid-stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone/follicle-stimulating hormone, and growth hormone, and magnetic resonance imaging showed an empty sella turcica. However, secretion ability of adrenocorticotropic hormone was retained. At 63 years of age, respiratory function tests confirmed a markedly restricted ventilation disorder (vital capacity, 0.54 L; percentage predicted vital capacity, 26.9%). Renal function had also decreased (eGFR, 25.0 mL/min/1.73 m2). Furthermore, she was diagnosed with hypothalamic secondary hypoadrenocorticism. The patient developed CO2 narcosis at 65 years of age, and noninvasive positive pressure ventilation was started. CONCLUSIONS: The rare case of a 65-year-old woman with childhood-onset GHD with panhypopituitarism, including late-onset secondary hypoadrenocorticism in her 60s, associated with severely impaired respiratory function and renal dysfunction, was reported. In GHD patients with risk factors for progression from isolated GHD to combined pituitary hormone deficiency, such as empty sella turcica, lifelong endocrinological monitoring may be important.

11.
Mod Rheumatol ; : 1-7, 2020 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32159414

RESUMO

Objectives: To identify predictive factors for lymphoproliferative disorders (LPDs) that persist after methotrexate (MTX) withdrawal (Persistent-LPD) and the optimal treatment for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) after LPD regression.Methods: Among 3666 patients with RA treated with MTX in our department from 2006 to 2017, 26 cases of LPD that regressed after MTX withdrawal (Regressive-LPD) and 25 cases of Persistent-LPD were compared. Multivariate logistic analysis was performed to identify predictive factors for Persistent-LPD. Retention rates of biological disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (bDMARDs) were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier Method.Results: In Persistent-LPD, the incidence of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma was higher (76%). The overall 2-year survival rate was 83.9%: 95.8% for Regressive-LPD and 71.0% for Persistent-LPD. The International Prognostic Index (IPI) risk classification was useful for predicting Persistent-LPD. bDMARDs were introduced in 38 RA patients after LPD regression. Unadjusted retention rate of bDMARDs in the 51 LPD patients was significantly lower than that in the 1668 non-LPD RA patients in our bDMARD cohort (controls) (p = 0.029). The 1-year retention rates for bDMARDs were 69% and 64% for tocilizumab and abatacept, respectively vs. 46% for TNF-inhibitor (TNFi).Conclusion: Risk assessment using IPI predicted Persistent-LPD. After LPD regression, non-TNFi tended to have higher retention rates.

12.
Int J Rheum Dis ; 23(4): 549-558, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32020727

RESUMO

AIM: In this retrospective study, the effect of hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) added to maintenance therapy according to the standard of care (SoC) was evaluated for 1 year in 101 patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: The primary endpoint was the SLE Disease Activity Index (SLEDAI). The secondary endpoints were the British Isles Lupus Assessment Group index, serum complement activity (CH50) levels, anti-double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) antibody titer, concomitant corticosteroid (CS) dose, and Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics (SLICC) damage index. These variables were compared between the SoC + HCQ (n = 42) and SoC (n = 59) groups. RESULTS: The SLEDAI improved from 2 (0, 6) to 0 (0, 4) in the SoC + HCQ group (P = .038) but significantly deteriorated from 1 (0, 4) to 2 (0, 8) in the SoC group (P = .033). CH50, anti-dsDNA antibody titer, concomitant CS dose, and SLICC damage index did not significantly change. The increase in the SLEDAI and concomitant CS dose after 1 year were all significantly greater in the SoC group, and the proportion of patients with SLEDAI flare was significantly lower in the SoC + HCQ group (SoC + HCQ: 4.76% vs SoC: 25.4%, P = .006). Univariate logistic regression analyses identified HCQ as a predictive factor for no SLEDAI flare (P = .003, odds ratio 6.81, 95% confidence interval 1.77-45.00). CONCLUSIONS: The use of HCQ effectively improved SLEDAI scores and was a predictive factor for the prevention of SLEDAI flare. Therefore, HCQ may be considered a potential mainstay of maintenance therapy.

13.
Int J Rheum Dis ; 23(4): 532-539, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32022479

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the value of serological biomarkers of collagen degradation/turnover as serum markers of organ involvement in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). METHODS: Serum samples were obtained from 79 SSc patients and 19 healthy control subjects. Types I to VI collagen turnover, excluding type II collagen, were evaluated using nine serological biomarkers. Organ involvement, such as interstitial lung disease (ILD), pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), esophageal motility disorder, lower gastrointestinal lesions, joint contractures and digital ulceration, were evaluated and correlated with serum biomarkers. RESULTS: Among multiple serological biomarkers of collagen turnover, the mean level of C5M was higher in SSc (3.9 ng/mL) than healthy subjects (2.6 ng/mL). In addition, PRO-C6 (12.6 ng/mL vs 5.4 ng/mL) and C6M (26.0 ng/mL vs 16.7 ng/mL) were higher in SSc than the controls. The modified Rodnan skin score correlated with PRO-C3 and PRO-C6. Serum level of C6M was higher in patients with ILD. Furthermore, serum levels of PRO-C3, PRO-C6, and C6M were higher in patients with PAH. The use of high levels of these biomarkers as risk factors of PAH showed that all patients with PAH had high levels of risk factors. Of note, two-third of patients with serum PRO-C3, PRO-C6 and C6M values above the respective cut-off values had PAH. CONCLUSION: Our study indicated that collagen turnover abnormality, especially type VI collagen, is not only important pathologically in skin sclerosis but also in organ involvement. These biomarkers of collagen turnover are potentially clinically useful as biomarkers of organ involvement in SSc.

14.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 1038, 2020 02 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32098965

RESUMO

The movements of cytoplasmic dynein on microtubule (MT) tracks is achieved by two-way communication between the microtubule-binding domain (MTBD) and the ATPase domain via a coiled-coil stalk, but the structural basis of this communication remains elusive. Here, we regulate MTBD either in high-affinity or low-affinity states by introducing a disulfide bond to the stalk and analyze the resulting structures by NMR and cryo-EM. In the MT-unbound state, the affinity changes of MTBD are achieved by sliding of the stalk α-helix by a half-turn, which suggests that structural changes propagate from the ATPase-domain to MTBD. In addition, MT binding induces further sliding of the stalk α-helix even without the disulfide bond, suggesting how the MT-induced conformational changes propagate toward the ATPase domain. Based on differences in the MT-binding surface between the high- and low-affinity states, we propose a potential mechanism for the directional bias of dynein movement on MT tracks.


Assuntos
Dineínas/química , Dineínas/metabolismo , Microtúbulos/metabolismo , Proteínas de Saccharomyces cerevisiae/química , Proteínas de Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/química , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo , Sítios de Ligação , Microscopia Crioeletrônica , Citoplasma/química , Citoplasma/genética , Citoplasma/metabolismo , Dissulfetos/química , Dineínas/genética , Modelos Moleculares , Mutação , Ressonância Magnética Nuclear Biomolecular , Domínios Proteicos , Estrutura Quaternária de Proteína , Estrutura Terciária de Proteína , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genética , Proteínas de Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genética , Tubulina (Proteína)/química , Tubulina (Proteína)/metabolismo
15.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 59(8): 1957-1968, 2020 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31764973

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Peficitinib, a novel Janus kinase (JAK) inhibitor, demonstrated promising results in treating RA in phase 3 clinical trials. This in vitro study was undertaken to characterize the pharmacological properties of peficitinib and investigate the involvement of JAK and signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) pathways in the pathological processes of SSc, which is also an autoimmune disease. METHODS: Phosphorylation levels of STAT molecules were assessed in peripheral blood mononuclear cells collected from patients with RA or SSc and healthy subjects, and in skin specimens obtained from 19 patients with SSc. In vitro inhibition of STAT phosphorylation and cytokine/chemokine production by peficitinib, tofacitinib and baricitinib were also characterized. RESULTS: Higher spontaneous STAT1 or STAT3 phosphorylation was observed in peripheral T-cells and monocytes from patients with RA and SSc compared with healthy subjects. In skin sections from patients with SSc, phosphorylated STAT3-positive cells were found in almost all cases, irrespective of disease subtype or patient characteristics. Conversely, phosphorylated STAT1-positive cells were observed only in samples from untreated patients with diffuse disease of short duration. Peficitinib inhibited STAT phosphorylation induced by various cytokines, with comparable efficacy to tofacitinib and baricitinib. Peficitinib also suppressed cytokine and chemokine production by peripheral blood mononuclear cells and skin fibroblasts. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that JAK/STAT pathways are constitutively activated in SSc and RA, and that the JAK inhibitor may represent a novel therapeutic option for SSc.

16.
Mod Rheumatol ; 30(5): 799-806, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31814496

RESUMO

Objectives: To determine the rate and factors associated with remission (disease activity score (DAS) 28-erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) of <2.6) during a 5-year follow-up after the discontinuation of adalimumab (ADA) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA).Methods: 75 patients who had been treated with ADA + methotrexate (MTX) and maintained DAS28-ESR <2.6 for at least 6 months were enrolled. Among them, 52 patients discontinued ADA, and 46 patients completed a 5-year follow-up.Results: During the 5 years, 11 patients had DAS28-ESR <2.6. In 15 patients with DAS28-ESR <3.2, no significant changes were found in the health assessment questionnaire disability index (HAQ-DI) and modified total Sharp score (mTSS). When comparing patients with DAS28-ESR ≤1.61 versus 1.61 2 years). Among 31 patients who experienced flare, ADA was restarted in 24 patients, and 17 patients of these achieved DAS28-ESR <3.2 within 1-year.Conclusion: During the 5-year ADA-free period, remission rate was persistent in 21% of the patients. ADA-free remission was possible especially in patients with deeper remission (DAS28-ESR ≤1.61) and shorter disease duration (≤2 years).

17.
J Hand Microsurg ; 11(Suppl 1): S42-S45, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31616126

RESUMO

A 72-year-old man presented with an erythematous, painful, swollen, and blistering left hand associated with a systemic fever. The patient was diagnosed with microscopic polyangiitis and was receiving steroid therapy from a year before the incident. Based on a clinical diagnosis of necrotizing fasciitis, emergency surgery was performed within 2 days after the onset. ß-Hemolytic Streptococcus group A was isolated from a culture of the blood and wound. Radical debridement and high-dose penicillin and clindamycin therapy successfully saved the patient's life and affected limb except for the second finger on his left hand, which was completely necrotic. However, the function of the left hand was seriously decreased and did not recover. The important point to note in this case was the preexisting vasculitis neuropathy due to microscopic polyangiitis. The severe postoperative dysfunction of the hand was considered to be due to ischemic neuropathy that was aggravated by compartmental syndrome and microvascular thrombosis. In conclusion, necrotizing fasciitis of an extremity with underlying vasculitis neuropathy can lead to a poor functional prognosis of the limb.

18.
Autoimmun Rev ; 18(11): 102394, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31520797

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to propose a simple "Fast Track algorithm" for capillaroscopists of any level of experience to differentiate "scleroderma patterns" from "non-scleroderma patterns" on capillaroscopy and to assess its inter-rater reliability. METHODS: Based on existing definitions to categorise capillaroscopic images as "scleroderma patterns" and taking into account the real life variability of capillaroscopic images described standardly according to the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) Study Group on Microcirculation in Rheumatic Diseases, a fast track decision tree, the "Fast Track algorithm" was created by the principal expert (VS) to facilitate swift categorisation of an image as "non-scleroderma pattern (category 1)" or "scleroderma pattern (category 2)". Mean inter-rater reliability between all raters (experts/attendees) of the 8th EULAR course on capillaroscopy in Rheumatic Diseases (Genoa, 2018) and, as external validation, of the 8th European Scleroderma Trials and Research group (EUSTAR) course on systemic sclerosis (SSc) (Nijmegen, 2019) versus the principal expert, as well as reliability between the rater pairs themselves was assessed by mean Cohen's and Light's kappa coefficients. RESULTS: Mean Cohen's kappa was 1/0.96 (95% CI 0.95-0.98) for the 6 experts/135 attendees of the 8th EULAR capillaroscopy course and 1/0.94 (95% CI 0.92-0.96) for the 3 experts/85 attendees of the 8th EUSTAR SSc course. Light's kappa was 1/0.92 at the 8th EULAR capillaroscopy course, and 1/0.87 at the 8th EUSTAR SSc course. CONCLUSION: For the first time, a clinical expert based fast track decision algorithm has been developed to differentiate a "non-scleroderma" from a "scleroderma pattern" on capillaroscopic images, demonstrating excellent reliability when applied by capillaroscopists with varying levels of expertise versus the principal expert and corroborated with external validation.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Esclerodermia Localizada/diagnóstico , Escleroderma Sistêmico/diagnóstico , Humanos , Angioscopia Microscópica/métodos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
19.
J Vis Exp ; (151)2019 09 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31545323

RESUMO

We present a high-performance source of unconditional polarization-entangled photons that have a high-emission rate, a broadband distribution, are degenerated and postselection free. The property of the source is based on the multiple quantum interference effect with a round-trip configuration of a Sagnac interferometer. The quantum interference effects make it possible to use the high generation efficiency of the polarization-entangled photons to process parametric down-conversion, and separate degenerated photon pairs into different optical modes without a postselection requirement. The principle of the optical system was described and experimentally used to measure the fidelity and Bell parameters, and also to characterize the generated polarization-entangled photons from a minimum of six combinations of polarization correlated data. The experimentally obtained fidelity and Bell parameters exceeded the classical local correlation limit and are clear evidence of the generation of unconditional polarization-entangled photons.


Assuntos
Interferometria/instrumentação , Fótons , Iluminação , Teoria Quântica
20.
Bone ; 128: 115034, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31421252

RESUMO

Diabetes patients are at high risk of bone fracture due to accumulation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) and low bone turnover. Although AGEs inhibit osteoblast functions, little is known about their roles in regulation of human osteoclast differentiation. The aim of this study was to determine the roles of AGEs in regulation of human osteoclast differentiation. Human CD14+ monocytes collected from healthy individuals were stimulated in vitro with conventional cytokines to induce osteoclast differentiation. Simultaneously, glucose-modified AGEs-BSA (Glu-AGEs-BSA) and glycolaldehyde-modified AGEs-BSA (Glyco-AGEs-BSA) were added to analyze their role in regulation of osteoclast differentiation. Human CD14+ cells expressed endogenous receptor for AGE (RAGE). Stimulation with Glyco-AGEs-BSA, but not Glu-AGEs-BSA, reduced the number of tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase-positive cells in a dose-dependent manner and suppressed mRNA expression of nuclear factor of activated T-cells 1 and cathepsin K. Glyco-AGEs-BSA up-regulated pro-inflammatory cytokines and anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10. The addition of IL-10-neutralizing antibodies abrogated the suppressive effect of Glyco-AGEs-BSA on osteoclast differentiation. Stimulation of Glyco-AGE-BSA resulted in nuclear factor (NF)-κB phosphorylation, and addition of an inhibitor of κB kinase suppressed IL-10 production. We conclude that Glyco-AGEs-BSA inhibited human osteoclast differentiation through induction of IL-10 expression via NF-κB. It can be assumed that AGE bioaccumulation in diabetic patients increases the risk of bone fracture, through inhibition of osteoclast differentiation, reduction of bone turnover, and disruption of bone remodeling.


Assuntos
Produtos Finais de Glicação Avançada/metabolismo , Interleucina-10/metabolismo , Monócitos/citologia , Monócitos/metabolismo , Osteoclastos/citologia , Osteoclastos/metabolismo , Soroalbumina Bovina/metabolismo , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/metabolismo , Catepsina K/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , Humanos , Immunoblotting , Indazóis/farmacologia , Receptores de Lipopolissacarídeos/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição NFATC/metabolismo , Nitrilos/farmacologia , Osteogênese/genética , Osteogênese/fisiologia , Piperazinas/farmacologia , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Sulfonas/farmacologia
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