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Polymers (Basel) ; 13(11)2021 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34067496


Biologically derived polymers are a very attractive subject for investigation, due to the strict pro-ecological requirements imposed by developed countries, including zero-waste and zero-carbon policies as well as volatile organic compound (VOC) limits. Synthesis of biologically-derived polyesters from natural rosin and bio-diols, showing softening temperatures suitable for application in VOC-free paints and varnishes, was performed to create a desired, future commercial product, that meet the aforementioned requirements regarding VOC and elimination of petroleum-based raw materials. Prepared polymers were used in the formulation of coating materials whose properties: cross-linking behavior, glass transition temperature, thermal stability, storage modulus, hardness, cupping resistance, adhesion, chemical resistance, gloss, haze, color, and anti-corrosive behavior in the salt chamber were investigated and discussed. As a result, coatings with prepared bio-polyesters contained over 80 wt.% of natural resources and showed competitive/better properties than petroleum-based references. They can be applied in the prototyping of "green" powder paints for the protection of steel substrates from corrosion and aggressive solvents.

Molecules ; 24(9)2019 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31035500


A comprehensive review of the publications about rosin-based chemicals has been compiled. Rosin, or colophony, is a natural, abundant, cheap and non-toxic raw material which can be easily modified to obtain numerous useful products, which makes it an excellent subject of innovative research, attracting growing interest in recent years. The last extensive review in this research area was published in 2008, so the current article contains the most promising, repeatable achievements in synthesis of rosin-derived chemicals, published in scientific literature from 2008 to 2018. The first part of the review includes low/medium molecule weight compounds: Especially intermediates, resins, monomers, curing agents, surfactants, medications and biocides. The second part is about macromolecules: mainly elastomers, polymers for biomedical applications, coatings, adhesives, surfactants, sorbents, organosilicons and polysaccharides. In conclusion, a critical evaluation of the publications in terms of data completeness has been carried out with an indication of the most promising directions of rosin-based chemicals development.

Compostos Fitoquímicos/química , Resinas Vegetais/química , Adesivos/síntese química , Adesivos/química , Técnicas de Química Sintética , Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis/síntese química , Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis/química , Ésteres , Estrutura Molecular , Compostos Fitoquímicos/síntese química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Polímeros , Resinas Vegetais/síntese química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Tensoativos/síntese química , Tensoativos/química