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Phys Rev Lett ; 129(3): 037401, 2022 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35905363


Feshbach resonances provide an invaluable tool in atomic physics, enabling precise control of interactions and the preparation of complex quantum phases of matter. Here, we theoretically analyze a solid-state analog of a Feshbach resonance in two dimensional semiconductor heterostructures. In the presence of interlayer electron tunneling, the scattering of excitons and electrons occupying different layers can be resonantly enhanced by tuning an applied electric field. The emergence of an interlayer Feshbach molecule modifies the optical excitation spectrum, and can be understood in terms of Fermi polaron formation. We discuss potential implications for the realization of correlated Bose-Fermi mixtures in bilayer semiconductors.

Phys Rev Lett ; 128(23): 237401, 2022 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35749170


Detecting magnetic order at the nanoscale is of central interest for the study of quantum magnetism in general, and the emerging field of moiré magnets in particular. Here, we analyze the exciton band structure that arises from a periodic modulation of the valley Zeeman effect. Despite long-range electron-hole exchange interactions, we find a sizable splitting in the energy of the bright circularly polarized exciton Umklapp resonances, which serves as a direct optical probe of magnetic order. We first analyze quantum moiré magnets realized by periodic ordering of electron spins in Mott-Wigner states of transition metal dichalcogenide monolayers or twisted bilayers: we show that spin valley-dependent exciton-electron interactions allow for probing the spin-valley order of electrons and demonstrate that it is possible to observe unique signatures of ferromagnetic order in a triangular lattice and both ferromagnetic and Néel order in a honeycomb lattice. We then focus on semiclassical moiré magnets realized in twisted bilayers of ferromagnetic materials: we propose a detection scheme for moiré magnetism that is based on interlayer exchange coupling between spins in a moiré magnet and excitons in a transition metal dichalcogenide monolayer.

Science ; 374(6565): 336-340, 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34648319


Moiré superlattices in transition metal dichalcogenide bilayers provide a platform for exploring strong correlations with optical spectroscopy. Despite the observation of rich Mott-Wigner physics stemming from an interplay between the periodic potential and Coulomb interactions, the absence of tunnel coupling­induced hybridization of electronic states has ensured a classical layer degree of freedom. We investigated a MoSe2 homobilayer structure where interlayer coherent tunneling allows for electric field­controlled manipulation and measurement of the ground-state hole-layer pseudospin. We observed an electrically tunable two-dimensional Feshbach resonance in exciton-hole scattering, which allowed us to control the strength of interactions between excitons and holes located in different layers. Our results may enable the realization of degenerate Bose-Fermi mixtures with tunable interactions.

Nature ; 595(7865): 53-57, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34194018


When the Coulomb repulsion between electrons dominates over their kinetic energy, electrons in two-dimensional systems are predicted to spontaneously break continuous-translation symmetry and form a quantum crystal1. Efforts to observe2-12 this elusive state of matter, termed a Wigner crystal, in two-dimensional extended systems have primarily focused on conductivity measurements on electrons confined to a single Landau level at high magnetic fields. Here we use optical spectroscopy to demonstrate that electrons in a monolayer semiconductor with density lower than 3 × 1011 per centimetre squared form a Wigner crystal. The combination of a high electron effective mass and reduced dielectric screening enables us to observe electronic charge order even in the absence of a moiré potential or an external magnetic field. The interactions between a resonantly injected exciton and electrons arranged in a periodic lattice modify the exciton bandstructure so that an umklapp resonance arises in the optical reflection spectrum, heralding the presence of charge order13. Our findings demonstrate that charge-tunable transition metal dichalcogenide monolayers14 enable the investigation of previously uncharted territory for many-body physics where interaction energy dominates over kinetic energy.

Phys Rev Lett ; 124(10): 106401, 2020 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32216424


Periodically driven quantum matter can realize exotic dynamical phases. In order to understand how ubiquitous and robust these phases are, it is pertinent to investigate the heating dynamics of generic interacting quantum systems. Here we study the thermalization in a periodically driven generalized Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev (SYK) model, which realizes a crossover from a heavy Fermi liquid (FL) to a non-Fermi liquid (NFL) at a tunable energy scale. Developing an exact field theoretic approach, we determine two distinct regimes in the heating dynamics. While the NFL heats exponentially and thermalizes rapidly, we report that the presence of quasiparticles in the heavy FL obstructs heating and thermalization over comparatively long timescales. Prethermal high-frequency dynamics and possible experimental realizations of nonequilibrium SYK physics are discussed as well.