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1.
N. Engl. j. med. ; 381(8): 739-748, ago., 2019. graf., tab.
Artigo em Inglês | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1022569

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The role of assessment of myocardial viability in identifying patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy who might benefit from surgical revascularization remains controversial. Furthermore, although improvement in left ventricular function is one of the goals of revascularization, its relationship to subsequent outcomes is unclear. METHODS: Among 601 patients who had coronary artery disease that was amenable to coronaryartery bypass grafting (CABG) and who had a left ventricular ejection fraction of 35% or lower, we prospectively assessed myocardial viability using single-photonemission computed tomography, dobutamine echocardiography, or both. Patients were randomly assigned to undergo CABG and receive medical therapy or to receive medical therapy alone. Left ventricular ejection fraction was measured at baseline and after 4 months of follow-up in 318 patients. The primary end point was death from any cause. The median duration of follow-up was 10.4 years. RESULTS: CABG plus medical therapy was associated with a lower incidence of death from any cause than medical therapy alone (182 deaths among 298 patients in the CABG group vs. 209 deaths among 303 patients in the medical-therapy group; adjusted hazard ratio, 0.73; 95% confidence interval, 0.60 to 0.90). However, no significant interaction was observed between the presence or absence of myocardial viability and the beneficial effect of CABG plus medical therapy over medical therapy alone (P=0.34 for interaction). An increase in left ventricular ejection fraction was observed only among patients with myocardial viability, irrespective of treatment assignment. There was no association between changes in left ventricular ejection fraction and subsequent death. CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this study do not support the concept that myocardial viability is associated with a long-term benefit of CABG in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy. The presence of viable myocardium was associated with improvement in left ventricular systolic function, irrespective of treatment, but such improvement was not related to long-term survival. (Funded by the National Institutes of Health; STICH ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT00023595.). (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Estudos Prospectivos , Ecocardiografia sob Estresse/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Emissão de Fóton Único de Sincronização Cardíaca
2.
N Engl J Med ; 381(8): 739-748, 2019 08 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31433921

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The role of assessment of myocardial viability in identifying patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy who might benefit from surgical revascularization remains controversial. Furthermore, although improvement in left ventricular function is one of the goals of revascularization, its relationship to subsequent outcomes is unclear. METHODS: Among 601 patients who had coronary artery disease that was amenable to coronary-artery bypass grafting (CABG) and who had a left ventricular ejection fraction of 35% or lower, we prospectively assessed myocardial viability using single-photon-emission computed tomography, dobutamine echocardiography, or both. Patients were randomly assigned to undergo CABG and receive medical therapy or to receive medical therapy alone. Left ventricular ejection fraction was measured at baseline and after 4 months of follow-up in 318 patients. The primary end point was death from any cause. The median duration of follow-up was 10.4 years. RESULTS: CABG plus medical therapy was associated with a lower incidence of death from any cause than medical therapy alone (182 deaths among 298 patients in the CABG group vs. 209 deaths among 303 patients in the medical-therapy group; adjusted hazard ratio, 0.73; 95% confidence interval, 0.60 to 0.90). However, no significant interaction was observed between the presence or absence of myocardial viability and the beneficial effect of CABG plus medical therapy over medical therapy alone (P = 0.34 for interaction). An increase in left ventricular ejection fraction was observed only among patients with myocardial viability, irrespective of treatment assignment. There was no association between changes in left ventricular ejection fraction and subsequent death. CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this study do not support the concept that myocardial viability is associated with a long-term benefit of CABG in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy. The presence of viable myocardium was associated with improvement in left ventricular systolic function, irrespective of treatment, but such improvement was not related to long-term survival. (Funded by the National Institutes of Health; STICH ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT00023595.).


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Coração/fisiologia , Isquemia Miocárdica/cirurgia , Volume Sistólico , Idoso , Ecocardiografia sob Estresse , Feminino , Seguimentos , Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Incidência , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Isquemia Miocárdica/mortalidade , Isquemia Miocárdica/fisiopatologia , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Prospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada de Emissão de Fóton Único , Resultado do Tratamento , Função Ventricular Esquerda
3.
Kardiol Pol ; 77(5): 561-567, 2019 May 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31066721

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The rate of cardiac device-related infective endocarditis (CDRIE) is increasing worldwide, but no detailed data are available for Poland. AIMS: We aimed to evaluate clinical, diagnostic, and therapeutic data of patients hospitalized due to CDRIE in 22 Polish referential cardiology centers from May 1, 2016 to May 1, 2017. METHODS: Participating cardiology departments were asked to fill in a questionnaire that included data on the number of hospitalized patients, number and types of implanted cardiac electrotherapy devices, and number of infective endocarditis cases. We also collected clinical data and data regarding the management of patients with CDRIE. RESULTS: Overall, 99 621 hospitalizations were reported. Infective endocarditis unrelated to cardiac device was the cause of 596 admissions (0.6%), and CDRIE, of 195 (0.2%). Pacemaker was implanted in 91 patients with CDRIE (47%); cardioverter­defibrillator, in 51 (26%); cardiac resynchronization therapy­defibrillator, in 48 (25%); and cardiac resynchronization therapy­pacemaker, in 5 (2.5%). The most common symptoms were malaise (62%), fever/chills (61%), cough (21%), chest pain (19.5%), and inflammation of the device pocket (5.6%). Cultures were positive in 77.5% of patients. The cardiac device was removed in 91% of patients. The percutaneous approach was most common for cardiac device removal. All patients received antibiotic therapy, and 3 patients underwent a heart valve procedure. Transesophageal echocardiography was performed in 80% of patients. The most common complication was heart failure (25% of patients). CONCLUSIONS: The clinical profile, pathogen types, and management strategies in Polish patients with CDRIE are consistent with similar data from other European countries. Transesophageal echocardiography was performed less frequently than recommended. The removal rate in the Polish population is consistent with the general rates observed for interventional treatment in patients with CDRIE.

4.
Kardiol Pol ; 77(3): 331-340, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30915780

RESUMO

Heart failure is a clinical syndrome of multifactorial aetiology with typical symptoms and diverse prevalence depending on the world region, reaching more than 10% in the population over 70 years of age. The prognosis, in spite of a dynamic improve- ment in medical therapy, remains poor. The only treatment for these patients is heart transplantation, however, its availability is highly limited because of the shortage of donor organs. Mechanical circulatory support can offer an alternative treatment for this patient cohort. In this review the authors discuss the present indications for, as well as results and complications of different types of long-term mechanical circulatory support. The long-term survival in patients receiving this therapy, in spite of many complication, is much better than in those receiving medical treatment. The use of mechanical circulatory support is an established treatment option for many patients with end-stage heart failure. The most important issue for the cardiologist is to identify patients eligible for this therapy in order to give them a chance for a longer life and better quality of life.


Assuntos
Circulação Assistida/métodos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Coração Auxiliar , Cuidados Paliativos/métodos , Idoso , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Qualidade de Vida , Volume Sistólico
5.
J. Am. Coll. Cardiol. ; 73(9 supl.1): 45-45, Mar., 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1024888

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG) reduces mortality in Heart Failure (HF) and coronary artery disease (CAD) patients (pts). There is a paucity of data on the utilization of optimal medical therapy (OMT) in HF and CAD pts after revascularization and the impact on long term outcomes. We evaluate the impact of baseline use of OMT versus Non-OMT on long-term clinical outcomes in pts receiving CABG compared to patients with medical treatment alone (MED). METHODS: The STICH trial randomized 1212 pts with CAD and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≤ 35% to CABG + MED versus MED alone. OMT was defined as a combination of 4 drugs: ACEI/ARB, BB, statin, and at least one antiplatelet drug at baseline, with a median follow up over 9.8 years. RESULTS: At baseline, 58.7% of the pts were on OMT (CABG 56.1%; MED 61.5%), remaining stable or increasing similarly for both groups during follow up, for example, at 1 year, CABG 73.2% and Med 74.3%. Age, gender, diabetes were similar. OMT pts had less atrial fibrillation, lower angina score class, less advance heart failure class and better renal function. There were no differences in LVEF and end systolic and diastolic volume index. OMT use at baseline was associated with a significantly lower all-cause mortality compared to Non- OMT pts (58.8% vs 67.6%, log-rank P<0.001), lower cardiovascular mortality (40.3% vs 51.4%, log-rank P<0.001) and lower HF death, 11.2% vs 15.6%, log-rank P<0.001). Sudden death was not different (21.5% vs 23.4%, P=0.058). In a multivariable Cox model, OMT was associated with a lower All-cause mortality (HR 0.78, 95%CI 0.66-0.91 P=0.001). The effect of OMT was similar for both CABG and MED only pts for these outcomes (p=0.189 for interaction). Hospitalization for HF was not reduced with OMT. CONCLUSION: OMT is associated with lower all-cause mortality in CABG eligible HF pts, regardless of the lower baseline risk among OMT pts and the performance of CABG. OMT should be strongly considered for all pts with ischemic cardiomyopathy regardless of whether CABG is performed. (AU)


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/prevenção & controle , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/mortalidade , Insuficiência Cardíaca
6.
Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 20(5): 504-511, 2019 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30649246

RESUMO

AIMS: Observation of better outcome in women after cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) has led to controversies about a potential sex-specific response. In this study, we investigated to which extent this sex-specific difference in CRT outcome could be explained by differences in baseline characteristics between both sexes. METHODS AND RESULTS: We retrospectively analysed data from a multicentre registry of 1058 patients who received CRT. Patients were examined by echocardiography before and 12 ± 6 months after implantation. Response was defined as ≥15% reduction of left ventricular end-systolic volume at follow-up. Patient's characteristics at baseline, including New York Heart Association class, ejection fraction, QRS width and morphology, ischaemic aetiology of cardiomyopathy (ICM), number of scarred segments, age at implantation, atrial fibrillation, and mechanical dyssynchrony (Dyss) were analysed. Patients were followed for a median duration of 59 months. Primary end point was all-cause mortality. Women (24% of the population) had less ICM (23% vs. 49%, P < 0.0001), less scarred segments (0.4 ± 1.3 vs. 1.0 ± 2.1, P < 0.0001), more left bundle branch block (LBBB; 87% vs. 80%, P = 0.01), and more Dyss at baseline (78% vs. 57%, P < 0.0001). Without matching baseline differences, women showed better survival (log rank P < 0.0001). After matching, survival was similar (log rank P = 0.58). In multivariable analysis, female sex was no independent predictor of neither volumetric response (P = 0.06) nor survival (P = 0.31). CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that the repeatedly observed better outcome in women after CRT is mainly due to the lower rate ICM and smaller scars. When comparing patients with similar baseline characteristics, the response of both sexes to CRT is similar.

7.
Ann Transplant ; 23: 554-560, 2018 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30087315

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Recent advances in ultrasound strain imaging facilitate more precise monitoring of subtle myocardial changes and thus may allow for more appropriate assessment of myocardium after orthotopic heart transplantation (OHT). This study aimed to explore longitudinal left ventricular (LV) and right ventricular (RV) function by speckle-tracking echocardiography (STE) during a 12-month follow-up period in relation to acute cellular rejection (ACR) degree ≥2R and the response to intense immunosuppressive therapy with intravenous steroids. MATERIAL AND METHODS Forty-five adult heart transplant recipients were prospectively assessed at a single center from January 2016 until June 2017. Echocardiography was performed serially at baseline and together with routine biopsies at 2 weeks and 1, 2, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months after OHT. Changes in graft function were evaluated using STE before and during ACR and in the resolving period of ACR. RESULTS A total of 220 pairs of biopsy specimens and strain recordings were analyzed. Moderate ACR was seen in 30 biopsies (13.6%). In the serial assessment, longitudinal strain parameters of the LV (global and 4-, 2-, 3-chamber longitudinal strain) and RV (global and free wall longitudinal strain) were decreased at baseline and improved significantly (P<0.001) within 12 months after OHT. The degree of improvement was not influenced by ACR. There were no significant differences in circumferential, radial, or longitudinal strain rate, or mechanical dyssynchrony. Reduced LV and RV longitudinal strain was related to ACR degree 2R and increased significantly (P<0.0005) during 3 days of intravenous methylprednisolone therapy. CONCLUSIONS Using the STE technique, we have documented an acute improvement in mechanical myocardial function following ACR steroid therapy and a progressive recovery of LV and RV longitudinal function during the first year after OHT.

8.
Cardiol J ; 2018 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29512094

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Real-time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography (RT3D TEE) enables better visualization of the left atrial appendage (LAA) and may be superior to real-time two-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography (RT2D TEE) for LAA occlusion (LAAO). The aim of this study was to assess inter- and intra-observer variability of RT2D TEE and RT3D TEE measurements of LAA, and to assess the accordance of RT2D TEE and RT3D TEE with appropriate occluder selection. METHODS: Transesophageal echocardiography was performed in 40 patients during LAAO. RT2D TEE and RT3D TEE measurements of the ostium and landing zone were performed independently by 2 echocardiographers. The appropriate choice of occluder was confirmed with fluoroscopic criteria. After the procedures, RT2D TEE and RT3D TEE evaluation were repeated separately by the same echocardiographers. RESULTS: The mean ostium diameters by RT2D TEE obtained by the 2 observers were 23.6 ± 4.2 vs. 24.8 ± 5.2 (p = 0.04), and the mean landing zone diameters were 17.7 ± 4.4 vs. 19.4 ± 3.9 (p < 0.01). In the case of RT3D TEE, the ostium diameters were 29.6 ± 5.3 vs. 29.4 ± 6.4 (p = not significant [NS]) and the landing zone diameters were 21.4 ± 3.8 vs. 21.6 ± 3.9 (p = NS). Intra-observer differences were absent in the case of RT3D TEE. The comparison of RT2D TEE vs. RT3D TEE analyses performed by the same echocardiographer revealed significant differences in the ostium and landing zone measurements (both p < 0.01). Agreement between the suggested device size was better for RT3D TEE (weighted Kappa was 0.62 vs. 0.28, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: The results obtained with RT3D TEE showed significantly larger dimensions of the ostium and the landing zone. RT3D TEE showed lesser inter- and intra-observer variability and better agreement with the implanted device.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29481687

RESUMO

Aim: To determine if incorporation of assessment of mechanical dyssynchrony could improve the prognostic value of patient selection based on current guidelines. Methods and results: Echocardiography was performed in 1060 patients before and 12 ± 6 months after cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) implantation. Mechanical dyssynchrony, defined as the presence of apical rocking or septal flash was visually assessed at the baseline examination. Response was defined as ≥15% reduction in left ventricular end-systolic volume at follow-up. Patients were followed for a median of 59 months (interquartile range 37-86 months) for the occurrence of death of any cause. Applying the latest European guidelines retrospectively, 63.4% of the patients had been implanted with a Class I recommendation, 18.2% with Class IIa, 9.4% with Class IIb, and in 9% no clear therapy recommendation was present. Response rates were 65% in Class I, 50% in IIa, 38% in IIb patients, and 40% in patients without a clear guideline-based recommendation. Assessment of mechanical dyssynchrony improved response rates to 77% in Class I, 75% in IIa, 62% in IIb, and 69% in patients without a guideline-based recommendation. Non-significant difference in survival among guideline recommendation classes was found (Log-rank P = 0.2). Presence of mechanical dyssynchrony predicted long-term outcome better than guideline Classes I, IIa, IIb (Log-rank P < 0.0001, 0.006, 0.004, respectively) and in patients with no guideline recommendation (P = 0.02). Comparable results were observed using the latest American Guidelines. Conclusion: Our data suggest that current guideline criteria for CRT candidate selection could be improved by incorporating assessment of mechanical asynchrony.

10.
Kardiol Pol ; 76(2): 488-493, 2018.
Artigo em Polonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29457625

RESUMO

This document presents current Polish guidelines on the clinical use of transthoracic echocardiography, including stress examinations, in adult patients. The examinations with pocket-size imaging devices are also discussed. The authors present recommendations regarding indications and contraindications, staff and equipment requirements, patient preparation and information, examination protocol, reporting and reimbursement.

11.
Kardiol Pol ; 76(2): 494-498, 2018.
Artigo em Polonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29457626

RESUMO

This document presents current Polish guidelines on the clinical use of transesophageal echocardiography, including guidance of percutaneous procedures and intraoperative echocardiography, in adult patients. The authors present recommendations regarding indications and contraindications, staff and equipment requirements, patient preparation and information, examination protocol, reporting and reimbursement.

12.
Kardiol Pol ; 76(3): 611-617, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29297189

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: According to current European Society of Cardiology guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of heart failure (HF), cardiac resynchronisation therapy (CRT) is indicated in patients suffering from HF with reduced ejection fraction (EF) with significantly widened QRS complexes. The presence of vital myocardium proven by dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) is considered as a good prognostic factor for responsiveness to this treatment. Chronotropic incompetence is, on the other hand, a known factor of unfavourable outcome in HF. AIM: The aim of this study was to analyse the relationship between heart rate (HR) response during DSE and resultant changes in echocardiographic parameters determined prior to CRT and six weeks post-implantation of the CRT system. METHODS: The study included 72 men and 25 women with chronic HF and markedly deteriorated left ventricular (LV) sys-tolic function (EF < 35%). Low-dose DSE was performed prior to the CRT system implantation. Baseline echocardiographic parameters determined before CRT were compared to those measured six weeks after implantation. RESULTS: Implantation of the CRT system resulted in an improvement of LV systolic function. DSE showed a significant in-crease in HR, by 16.3 bpm on average. Patients with the least prominent increase in HR during DSE (< 7 bpm) presented with significantly greater end-diastolic LV dimension and volume, as well as with significantly lower EF than the subjects with the most evident increase in HR (> 24 bpm). Improvement in EF at six weeks was associated with lower baseline HR and its greater absolute and relative increase during DSE. Greater absolute increase in HR during DSE was also associated with more prominent decrease in systolic/diastolic LV volumes. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with better chronotropic response during DSE show significant improvement in LV parameters determined by echocardiography within six weeks of CRT. Chronotropic response to pharmacologic stress test may serve as a predictive factor in patients qualified for CRT.


Assuntos
Terapia de Ressincronização Cardíaca , Ecocardiografia sob Estresse , Teste de Esforço , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 18(10): 1109-1117, 2017 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28950379

RESUMO

Aims: Clinical experience indicates that limited or no reverse left ventricular (LV) remodelling may not necessarily imply non-response to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). We investigated the association of the extent of LV remodelling, mechanical dyssynchrony, and survival in patients undergoing CRT. Methods and results: In 356 CRT candidates, three blinded readers visually assessed the presence of mechanical dyssynchrony (either apical rocking and/or septal flash) before device implantation and also its correction by CRT 12 ± 3 months post-implantation. To assess LV reverse remodelling, end-systolic volumes (ESV) were measured at the same time points. Patients were divided into four subgroups: no LV remodelling (ESV change 0 ± 5%), mild LV reverse remodelling (ESV reduction 5-15%), significant LV reverse remodelling (ESV reduction ≥15%), and LV volume expansion (ESV increase ≥5%). Patients were followed for all-cause mortality during the median follow-up of 36 months. Patients with LV remodelling as in the above defined groups showed 58, 54, and 84% reduction in all-cause mortality compared to patients with volume expansion. In multivariable analysis, LVESV change remained independently associated with survival, with an 8% reduction in mortality for every 10% decrease in LVESV (P = 0.0039), but an optimal cut-off point could not be established. In comparison, patients with corrected mechanical dyssynchrony showed 71% reduction in all-cause mortality (P < 0.001). Conclusion: Volumetric response assessed at 1-year after CRT is strongly associated with long-term mortality. However, an optimal cut-off cannot be established. The association of the correction of mechanical dyssynchrony with survival was stronger than that of any volumetric cut-off.


Assuntos
Terapia de Ressincronização Cardíaca/métodos , Causas de Morte , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/mortalidade , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/terapia , Idoso , Análise de Variância , Estudos de Coortes , Ecocardiografia/métodos , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Hemodinâmica/fisiologia , Humanos , Internacionalidade , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem , Remodelação Ventricular/fisiologia
14.
Circ Cardiovasc Genet ; 10(4)2017 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28798025

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Left ventricular noncompaction (LVNC) is a genetically and phenotypically heterogeneous disease and, although increasingly recognized in clinical practice, there is a lack of widely accepted diagnostic criteria. We sought to identify novel genetic causes of LVNC and describe genotype-phenotype correlations. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 190 patients from 174 families with left ventricular hypertrabeculation (LVHT) or LVNC were referred for cardiac magnetic resonance and whole-exome sequencing. A total of 425 control individuals were included to identify variants of interest (VOIs). We found an excess of 138 VOIs in 102 (59%) unrelated patients in 54 previously identified LVNC or other known cardiomyopathy genes. VOIs were found in 68 of 90 probands with LVNC and 34 of 84 probands with LVHT (76% and 40%, respectively; P<0.001). We identified 0, 1, and ≥2 VOIs in 72, 74, and 28 probands, respectively. We found increasing number of VOIs in a patient strongly correlated with several markers of disease severity, including ratio of noncompacted to compacted myocardium (P<0.001) and left ventricular ejection fraction (P=0.01). The presence of sarcomeric gene mutations was associated with increased occurrence of late gadolinium enhancement (P=0.004). CONCLUSIONS: LVHT and LVNC likely represent a continuum of genotypic disease with differences in severity and variable phenotype explained, in part, by the number of VOIs and whether mutations are present in sarcomeric or nonsarcomeric genes. Presence of VOIs is common in patients with LVHT. Our findings expand the current clinical and genetic diagnostic approaches for patients with LVHT and LVNC.


Assuntos
Estudos de Associação Genética , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Miosinas Cardíacas/genética , Proteínas de Transporte/genética , Criança , Conectina/genética , Feminino , Variação Genética , Ventrículos do Coração/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Proteínas com Domínio LIM/genética , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteínas Musculares/genética , Miocárdio/patologia , Cadeias Pesadas de Miosina/genética , Estudos Prospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Tropomiosina/genética , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/genética , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/patologia , Adulto Jovem
15.
Kardiol Pol ; 75(9): 922-930, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28715078

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Stress echocardiography (SE) is widely used in Europe. No collective data have been available on the use of SE in Poland until now. AIM: To evaluate the number of SE investigations performed in Poland, their settings, complications, and results. METHODS: In this retrospective survey, referral cardiology centres in Poland were asked to fill in a questionnaire regarding SE examinations performed from May 1, 2014 to May 1, 2015. RESULTS: The study included data from 17 university hospitals and large community hospitals, which performed 4611 SE exa-minations, including 4408 tests in patients investigated for coronary artery disease (CAD) and 203 tests to evaluate valvular heart disease (VHD). To evaluate CAD, all centres performed dobutamine SE (100%), 10 centres performed pacing SE (58.8%), while cycle ergometer SE and treadmill SE were performed by six (35.3%) and five (29.4%) centres, respectively. Dipyridamole SE was performed in one centre. All evaluated centres (100%) performed SE to evaluate low-flow/low-gradient aortic stenosis, eight (47%) performed SE to evaluate asymptomatic aortic stenosis, and also eight (47%) performed SE to evaluate mitral regurgitation. The mean number of examinations per year was 271 per centre. Most centres performed more than 100 examinations per year (11 centres, 64.7%). We did not identify any cardiac death during SE examination in any of the centres. Myocardial infarction occurred in three (0.07%) patients. Non-sustained ventricular tachycardia occurred in 52 (1.1%) SE examinations. The rates of minor complications were low. SE to evaluate CAD was more commonly performed in the hospital settings using cycle ergometer (72.6%), treadmill (87.6%), and low-dose dobutamine (68.0%), while a dipyridamole test was more frequently employed in ambulatory patients (77.6%). No significant differences between the rates of examina-tions performed in the ambulatory and hospital settings were found for high-dose dobutamine and pacing SE. Examinations to evaluate VHD were significantly more frequently performed in the hospital settings. SE examinations accounted for more than one third of all stress tests performed in the surveyed centres over the study period. CONCLUSIONS: Stress echocardiography is a safe diagnostic method, and major complications are very rare. Despite European recommendations, SE examinations to evaluate CAD are performed less frequently than electrocardiographic exercise tests, although they already comprise a significant proportion of all stress tests. It seems reasonable to promote SE further for the evaluation of both CAD and VHD.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Ecocardiografia sob Estresse/efeitos adversos , Sistema de Registros , Ecocardiografia sob Estresse/métodos , Ecocardiografia sob Estresse/normas , Ecocardiografia sob Estresse/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Polônia , Estudos Retrospectivos
16.
Kardiol Pol ; 75(9): 868-876, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28612910

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common supraventricular tachyarrhythmia. Percutaneous left atrial appendage occlusion (LAAO) may be considered for stroke prophylaxis in patients with nonvalvular AF (NVAF), especially in contraindications for oral anticoagulants (OAC) or high risk of bleeding. The data about implantation, safety, efficacy, and follow-up are limited. Moreover, there are no studies on patients with NVAF and heart failure with severe left ventricular systolic dysfunction (left ventricular ejection fraction [LVEF] ≤ 35%). AIM: To assess the safety, efficacy, and mid-term outcomes of LAAO procedures with Amplatzer Cardiac Plug (ACP) and Amplatzer Amulet device in patients with NVAF and heart failure with LVEF ≤ 35% (group I) and to perform a comparative analysis of the patients who had LAAO with NVAF and LVEF > 35%. METHODS: The analysis included 80 patients (group I: 19, group II: 61) with NVAF. The patients were enrolled for the study if they had: CHA2DS2VASc ≥ 2 and high risk of bleeding assessed in HAS-BLED (≥ 3) or less points in HAS-BLED but coexisting contraindications for OAC, or thromboembolic complications while using OAC. Time of follow-up was six months. RESULTS: In the studied population, the median CHA2DS2VASc score was 4 and the average HAS-BLED score was 3.2. Device implantation was successful in all patients from group I and in 59/61 patients from group II. The periprocedural clinical ef-ficacy (no thromboembolic complications) was 100% in group I and 98.4% in group II. Serious periprocedural complications (cardiac tamponade: 2.5%, device embolisation: 1.25%, unexplained death: 1.25%) occurred only in patients from group II (p = NS). The mid-term clinical efficacy was 100% in group I and 98.3% in group II (p = NS). During follow-up, one transient ischaemic attack and three deaths not related to the procedure occurred. CONCLUSIONS: Percutaneous LAAO is an effective and safe procedure in patients with NVAF and severe systolic heart failure. No significant periprocedural and mid-term differences, in terms of safety and efficacy, between the group with severe systolic heart failure (LVEF ≤ 35%) and the group without severe left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVEF > 35%) were found.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/prevenção & controle , Oclusão Terapêutica , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Apêndice Atrial , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Segurança do Paciente , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Heart ; 103(17): 1359-1367, 2017 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28446548

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To define the prognostic contribution of global and regional left ventricular (LV) function measurements in patients with ischaemic cardiomyopathy randomised to coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) with (n=501) or without (n=499) surgical ventricular reconstruction (SVR). METHODS: Novel multivariable methods to analyse global and regional LV systolic function were used to better formulate prediction models for long-term mortality following CABG with or without SVR in the entire cohort of 1000 randomised SVR hypothesis patients. Key clinical variables were included in the analysis. Regional function was classified according to the discreteness of anteroapical hypokinesia and akinesia into those most likely to benefit from SVR, those least likely and those felt to have intermediate likelihood of benefit from SVR. RESULTS: The most prognostic clinical variables identified in multivariable models include creatinine, LV end-systolic volume index (ESVI), age and NYHA (New York Heart Association) class. Addition of LV ejection fraction, LV end-diastolic volume index and regional function assessment did not contribute additional power to the model. Subgroup analysis based on regional function did not identify a cohort in which SVR improved mortality. CONCLUSIONS: ESVI is the single parameter of LV function most predictive of mortality in patients with LV systolic dysfunction following CABG with or without SVR in multivariable models that include all key clinical and LV systolic function parameters. Assessment of regional cardiac function does not enhance prediction of mortality nor identify a subgroup for which SVR improves mortality. These results do not support elective addition of LV reconstruction surgery in patients undergoing CABG. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT00023595.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Cardiomiopatias/cirurgia , Ventrículos do Coração/fisiopatologia , Isquemia Miocárdica/cirurgia , Função Ventricular Esquerda/fisiologia , Remodelação Ventricular , Idoso , Cardiomiopatias/mortalidade , Cardiomiopatias/fisiopatologia , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Ventrículos do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Isquemia Miocárdica/mortalidade , Isquemia Miocárdica/fisiopatologia , Período Pós-Operatório , Prognóstico , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
18.
Cardiol J ; 24(5): 467-476, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28150295

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Paravalvular leak (PVL) has significant impact on long-term outcomes in patients after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). This study sought to determine whether multi-slice computed tomography (MSCT)-guided valve selection reduces PVL after CoreValve implantation. METHODS: The analysis encompassed 69 patients implanted with CoreValve and were divided into two groups. In Group I (30 patients), valve selection was based on standard procedures, in Group II (39 patients), on MSCT measurements. Paravalvular leak was assessed with angiography and echocardiography. RESULTS: Multi-slice computed tomography results influenced a change of decision as to the size of the implanted valve in 12 (30.9%) patients in Group II and would have caused the decision to change in 9 (37.5%) patients in Group I. The degree of oversizing in Group I and II was 12.8% ± ± 7.6% vs. 18.6% ± 5.1% (p = 0.0006), respectively. The oversizing among the patients with leak degree of 0-1 and ≥ 2 was 18.1% ± 6.0% and 12.8% ± 7.4% (p = 0.0036). Angiographic assessment indicated post-procedural PVL ≥ 2 in 50% of patients in Group I and 20.5% in Group II (p = 0.01), while echocardiographic assessment indicated the same in 73.3% of patients in Group I and 45.6% in Group II (p = 0.0136). The composite endpoint occurred in 26.6% (8/30) patients in Group I vs. 5.1% (2/39) patients in Group II (p = 0.0118). CONCLUSIONS: Selecting the CoreValve device based on MSCT resulted in smaller rates of PVL and less frequent composite endpoint. In 1/3 of patients MSCT led to a change of the valve size. The degree of oversizing had a significant impact on PVL.


Assuntos
Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/prevenção & controle , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Tomografia Computadorizada Multidetectores , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/instrumentação , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/etiologia , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Aortografia , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Ecocardiografia Transesofagiana , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Desenho de Prótese , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
JACC Cardiovasc Imaging ; 10(10 Pt A): 1091-1099, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28017393

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the volumetric response and the long-term survival after cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) in patients with intrinsic left bundle branch block (LBBB) versus chronic right ventricular pacing (RVP) with respect to the presence of mechanical dyssynchrony (MD). BACKGROUND: Chronic RVP induces an iatrogenic LBBB and asynchronous left ventricular contraction that is potentially reversible by upgrading to CRT. METHODS: A total of 914 patients eligible for CRT (117 with conventional pacemakers and 797 with intrinsic LBBB) were included in the study. MD was visually assessed before CRT and was defined as the presence of either apical rocking and/or septal flash on baseline echocardiograms. Patients with a left ventricular end-systolic volume decrease of ≥15% during the follow-up were considered responders. Patients were followed for all-cause mortality during the median follow-up of 48 months (interquartile range: 29 to 66 months). RESULTS: MD was observed in 51% of patients with RVP versus 77% in patients with intrinsic LBBB (p < 0.001). Patients with RVP and MD had a similar likelihood of volumetric response as did patients with intrinsic LBBB and MD (adjusted odds ratio: 0.71; 95% confidence interval: 0.33 to 1.53; p = 0.385). There was no significant difference in long-term survival between patients with RVP and intrinsic LBBB (adjusted hazard ratio: 1.101; 95% confidence interval: 0.658 to 1.842; p = 0.714). Patients with visual MD and either intrinsic LBBB or RVP had a more favorable survival than those without MD (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The likelihood of volumetric response and a favorable long-term survival of patients with RVP was similar to those of patients with intrinsic LBBB and were mainly determined by the presence of MD and not by the nature of LBBB.


Assuntos
Bloqueio de Ramo/terapia , Estimulação Cardíaca Artificial/métodos , Terapia de Ressincronização Cardíaca , Contração Miocárdica , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Função Ventricular Direita , Idoso , Bloqueio de Ramo/diagnóstico por imagem , Bloqueio de Ramo/mortalidade , Bloqueio de Ramo/fisiopatologia , Estimulação Cardíaca Artificial/efeitos adversos , Estimulação Cardíaca Artificial/mortalidade , Terapia de Ressincronização Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Terapia de Ressincronização Cardíaca/mortalidade , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Razão de Chances , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Volume Sistólico , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Pol Arch Med Wewn ; 126(12): 989-994, 2016 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27958262

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION    The response to Cardiac Resynchronisation Therapy (CRT) varies significantly, resulting in lack of improvement among the substantial patients proportion.  OBJECTIVES    To identify mechanical dyssynchrony indices with combination of myocardial viability characteristics for predicting long-term response to CRT.  PATIENTS AND METHODS    ViaCRT was a multicentre study coordinated by the Working Group on Echocardiography of  Polish Cardiac Society. 127 patients with heart failure were assessed prospectively. Cardiac dyssynchrony indices and low-dose dobutamine response were determined by echocardiography prior to CRT. Improvement in Wall Motion Score Index (WMSI) or LVEF exceeding 20% at peak stress identified preserved contractile reserve.  RESULTS    After 12 months there was significantly different survival between subsets with and without viability characterised by WMSI decrease, corresponding to 1 (4.4%) and 20 (19.4%) fatal events respectively (p=0.048). The predictive value of LVEF gain at Dobutamine Stress Echocardiography (DSE) study was only significant at 6 months, with all-cause death occurring in 1 (1.6%) and 7 (12.1%) of patients with viable and non-viable myocardium respectively (p=0.029). Multivariate regression analysis identified the presence of septal flash and interventricular dyssynchrony as independent indices with the ability to predict echocardiographic response alone at 12 months. CONCLUSIONS    The study demonstrated a significant relationship between left ventricular contractile reserve at DSE and long-term all-cause mortality following CRT device implantation. Conversely, the presence of septal flash and interventricular dyssynchrony but not myocardial viability were predictive of the response to resynchronisation. The results indicate that interference of multiple different mechanisms may be responsible for the general effect following CRT.


Assuntos
Terapia de Ressincronização Cardíaca , Ecocardiografia sob Estresse , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem , Idoso , Feminino , Seguimentos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos
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