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1.
Hepatol Res ; 2021 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34799975

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Although systemic therapy is recommended for patients with multiple intermediate stage unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (u-HCC) classified as beyond the up-to-7 criteria (UT-7 out/multiple) as a transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) unsuitable condition, few reports have examined the therapeutic efficacy of atezolizumab plus bevacizumab combination therapy (Atez/Bev) in such cases. This study aimed to elucidate the therapeutic response of Atez/Bev in u-HCC patients classified as UT-7 out/multiple. MATERIAL/METHODS: From September 2020 to September 2021, 95 u-HCC Japanese patients classified as UT-7 out/multiple/Child-Pugh A were enrolled from 21 institutions (median age 76 years, males 73, Child-Pugh 5:6=68:27, TNM stage II:III=17:78). Therapeutic response was retrospectively evaluated using Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST), ver. 1.1 and modified RECIST (mRECIST). RESULTS: Atez/Bev was given as first-line treatment to 52 (54.7%). Objective response rate (ORR) and disease control rate (DCR) at six weeks of RECIST and mRECIST were 17.7%/42.5% and 84.7%/86.2%, respectively. Median PFS was 8.0 months (median observation period: 6.0months). Child-Pugh A/modified Albumin-bilirubin grade (mALBI) 1 and 2a at baseline, 3, 6, and 9 weeks, were 100%/69.4%, 89.8%/57.3%, 94.8%/65.3%, and 91.4%/60.0%, respectively. Among adverse events (any-grade, >10%) during the present observation period, general fatigue was most frequent (23.2%), followed by urine protein (21.1%), appetite loss (20.0%), and hypertension (13.7%). CONCLUSION: Atez/Bev treatment showed favorable therapeutic response with less influence on hepatic function, suggesting it as a useful therapeutic option for patients with such condition. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34768008

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Ultrasound-guided attenuation parameter (UGAP) is recently developed for noninvasive evaluation of steatosis. However, reports on its usefulness in clinical practice are limited. This prospective multicenter study analyzed the diagnostic accuracy of grading steatosis with reference to magnetic resonance imaging-based proton density fat fraction (MRI-PDFF), a non-invasive method with high accuracy, in a large cohort. METHODS: Altogether, 1010 patients with chronic liver disease who underwent MRI-PDFF and UGAP were recruited and prospectively enrolled from six Japanese liver centers. Linearity was evaluated using intra-class correlation coefficients (ICCs) between MRI-PDFF and UGAP values. Bias, defined as the mean difference between MRI-PDFF and UGAP values, was assessed by Bland-Altman analysis. UGAP cutoffs for pairwise MRI-PDFF-based steatosis grade were determined using area under the receiver operating characteristics curve (AUROC) analyses. RESULTS: UGAP values were shown to be normally distributed. However, since PDFF values were not normally distributed, they were log-transformed (MRI-logPDFF). UGAP values significantly correlated with MRI-logPDFF (ICC=0.768). Additionally, Bland-Altman analysis showed good agreement between MRI-logPDFF and UGAP with a mean bias of 0.0002% and a narrow range of agreement (95% CI: -0.015-0.015). The AUROCs for distinguishing ≥S1 (MRI-PDFF>5.2%), ≥S2 (MRI-PDFF>11.3%), and S3 (MRI-PDFF>17.1%) were 0.910 (95% CI: 0.891-0.928), 0.912 (95% CI: 0.894-0.929), and 0.894 (95% CI: 0.873-0.916), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: UGAP has excellent diagnostic accuracy for grading steatosis with reference to MRI-PDFF. Additionally, UGAP has good linearity and negligible bias, suggesting that UGAP has excellent technical performance characteristics that can be widely used in clinical trials and patient care.

3.
Hepatol Res ; 2021 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34665918

RESUMO

AIMS: Data on the long-term outcomes of individuals with hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection who are hepatitis envelope antigen (HBeAg)-negative inactive carriers (ICs) are limited due to small numbers. We compared the long-term prognosis of well-defined ICs with that of age- and gender-matched general population controls. METHODS: A total of 526 HBeAg-negative patients who demonstrated alanine aminotransferase (ALT) level ≤40 U/L and HBV DNA level ≤4.3 log IU/ml at least three times within 1 year after the start of follow-up were enrolled as ICs. Inactive carriers were divided into two groups: Group A (n = 332), whose ALT level was ≤30 U/L and HBV DNA level was ≤3.3 log IU/ml, and Group B (remaining patients, n = 194). We determined the long-term prognosis of ICs and compared it with that of general population controls. We also analyzed factors associated with hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) clearance and phase transition in ICs. RESULTS: There were no significant differences in hepatocellular carcinoma development or all-cause, liver-related, or non-liver-related mortality between Groups A and B. There was no significant difference in all-cause mortality between ICs and the general population. Low HBsAg level (≤3.0 log IU/ml) and the presence of fatty liver were associated with HBsAg clearance and high alpha-fetoprotein level was associated with phase transition. CONCLUSIONS: The long-term prognosis of well-defined ICs was similar to that of general population controls. In addition, the ICs had a high HBsAg clearance rate and low phase transition rate.

4.
JTO Clin Res Rep ; 2(2): 100126, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34589986

RESUMO

Introduction: The International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer proposed a new grading criteria for invasive adenocarcinoma. However, its utility has not been validated. Methods: Patients who underwent complete resection of lung adenocarcinoma were included in this study. Then, they were divided into the following three groups on the basis of the criteria recently proposed by the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer: grade 1, lepidic predominant tumor, with less than 20% of high-grade patterns; grade 2, acinar or papillary predominant tumor, with less than 20% of high-grade patterns; and grade 3, any tumor with greater than or equal to 20% of high-grade patterns. Results: Recurrence-free survival (RFS) was significantly different among the proposed grades (p < 0.001). The RFS of patients upgrading from current grade 2 (papillary or acinar predominant tumor) to proposed grade 3 (5-y RFS, 65.2%) was significantly worse than that of patients with proposed grade 2 (77.1%, hazard ratio = 1.882, 95% confidence interval: 1.236-2.866) but not significantly different from that of patients with grade 3 in both the current (micropapillary or solid predominant tumor) and proposed criteria (53.2%, hazard ratio = 0.761, 95% confidence interval: 0.456-1.269). Among patients with pathologic stage 0 or I, RFS was well stratified by the new grading system (p < 0.001) but not among patients with stage II or III (p = 0.334). In the multivariable analysis, the new grading was not a predictive factor of RFS. Conclusions: Although the proposed grading system well stratified RFS in patients with pathologic stage 0 or I lung adenocarcinoma, there is room for improvement.

5.
JGH Open ; 5(9): 1041-1046, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34584973

RESUMO

Background and Aim: Hepatic angiography procedures such as transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) are essential procedures for managing patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and are usually performed with femoral access. However, femoral access causes patient discomfort and may be associated with the risk of hematoma or pseudoaneurysm at puncture site. We evaluated the safety, feasibility, and patient comfort of hepatic angiography procedures performed with radial access. Methods: In this single-institution, retrospective, time-frame study, a total of 206 patients who underwent hepatic angiography procedures with radial access, which were first used on October 2017 at our institution, were compared with 240 patients who underwent the same procedures with femoral access before this period. Several measures were assessed, including procedure time and safety. In addition, a questionnaire was used to compare the access types regarding procedure-associated discomfort. Results: Hepatic angiography procedures performed with radial access, including TACE, were completed in all patients without complications. The procedure time was comparable between radial access and femoral access. Most patients preferred radial to femoral access. Patients taking anticoagulants were able to complete the procedures without discontinuing these drugs. Conclusions: Hepatic angiography procedures with radial access resulted in less discomfort than those with femoral access, and the two approaches showed similar feasibility and safety. Radial access can be introduced as a routine technique for hepatic angiography procedures.

6.
Hepatol Res ; 2021 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34472681

RESUMO

Non-hypervascular hypointense nodules (NHHNs) on gadolinium-ethoxybenzyl-diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (EOB-MRI) have a high likelihood of hypervascularization progressing to typical hypervascular hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). NHHNs that were present before the start of anti-hepatitis C virus (HCV) therapy is a risk marker for HCC development after achieving sustained virologic response (SVR). In this report, we show a patient without a previous history of HCC in whom HCC developed by hypervascularization of NHHN after SVR. This patient achieved SVR more than 8 years before NHHN developed into HCC, and during this time NHHN had been present but had remained unchanged in size and imaging features as shown by repeated EOB-MRI. Hepatocarcinogenic potential of NHHNs persist for a long time after SVR, despite the eradication of HCV.

7.
J Infect Chemother ; 27(11): 1674-1675, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34419353

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Achieving sustained virologic response (SVR) to antiviral therapy for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is an important step for eliminating HCV infection worldwide. However, recurrence of HCV viremia may occur due to HCV reinfection and confirmation of the long-term absence of HCV viremia, i.e., the absence of HCV reinfection, is necessary in post-SVR patients. In this report, we studied the long-term results of serum HCV RNA measurements in patients with SVR in whom serum HCV RNA was monitored over decades. METHODS: Serum HCV RNA was measured at every visit in a total of 1,392 SVR patients who underwent regular visits to the hospital after SVR, of whom 434 patients (31.2%) had continued regular visits for more than 10 years. RESULTS: No patients demonstrated positive serum HCV RNA during follow-up after SVR with a total of 23,187 HCV RNA tests. CONCLUSIONS: This study confirmed the absence of reinfection with HCV in Japanese general population with SVR for decades. Once HCV had been eradicated by anti-HCV therapy, HCV infection rarely recurs even in a lifetime in Japan, unless patients are in high risk group of HCV infection and drop out for follow-up.


Assuntos
Hepatite C Crônica , Hepatite C , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Hepacivirus/genética , Hepatite C/tratamento farmacológico , Hepatite C/epidemiologia , Hepatite C Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Hepatite C Crônica/epidemiologia , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , RNA Viral , Recidiva , Reinfecção
8.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 16663, 2021 08 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34404856

RESUMO

It was recently reported that hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients with non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) are not responsive to immune-checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) treatment. The present study aimed to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of lenvatinib in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)/NASH-related unresectable-HCC (u-HCC). Five hundred thirty u-HCC patients with Child-Pugh A were enrolled, and divided into the NAFLD/NASH (n = 103) and Viral/Alcohol (n = 427) groups. Clinical features were compared in a retrospective manner. Progression-free survival (PFS) was better in the NAFLD/NASH than the Viral/Alcohol group (median 9.3 vs. 7.5 months, P = 0.012), while there was no significant difference in overall survival (OS) (20.5 vs. 16.9 months, P = 0.057). In Cox-hazard analysis of prognostic factors for PFS, elevated ALT (≥ 30 U/L) (HR 1.247, P = 0.029), modified ALBI grade 2b (HR 1.236, P = 0.047), elevated AFP (≥ 400 ng/mL) (HR 1.294, P = 0.014), and NAFLD/NASH etiology (HR 0.763, P = 0.036) were significant prognostic factors. NAFLD/NASH etiology was not a significant prognostic factor in Cox-hazard analysis for OS (HR0.758, P = 0.092), whereas AFP (≥ 400 ng/mL) (HR 1.402, P = 0.009), BCLC C stage (HR 1.297, P = 0.035), later line use (HR 0.737, P = 0.014), and modified ALBI grade 2b (HR 1.875, P < 0.001) were significant. Lenvatinib can improve the prognosis of patients affected by u-HCC irrespective of HCC etiology or its line of treatment.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Compostos de Fenilureia/uso terapêutico , Quinolinas/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/etiologia , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 33(11): 1451-1458, 2021 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34334708

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Several noninvasive markers have been developed to predict nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). We investigated the predictive value of the cytokeratin-18 fragment (CK18-F) level and FIB-4 index for diagnosing NASH in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). METHODS: A total of 246 patients histologically diagnosed with NASH (n = 185) or nonalcoholic fatty liver (n = 61) were enrolled. We analyzed weighted receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves for the prediction of NASH and determined the relationship between the CK18-F level and the histological features of NASH. In addition, we investigated the predictive value of the combination of the CK18-F level and FIB-4 index for diagnosing NASH. RESULTS: The area under the ROC curve (AUROC) value of the CK18-F level was 0.77. With a CK18-F cutoff level of 260 U/L, the sensitivity and specificity for diagnosing NASH were 82.7 and 57.4%, respectively. Multiple comparisons showed that the CK18-F level did not differ among fibrosis stages but did significantly differ among hepatocyte ballooning grades. Overall, 95.7% (66/69) of patients with a FIB-4 index of ≥2.67 had NASH. In patients with a FIB-4 index of <2.67, the AUROC value of the CK18-F level for predicting NASH was 0.77 and a CK18-F cutoff level of 260 U/L resulted in a sensitivity and specificity of 82.4 and 56.9%. CONCLUSIONS: The CK18-F level had a good predictive ability for diagnosing NASH in patients with NAFLD. Additionally, the combination of the CK18-F level and FIB-4 index accurately and noninvasively predicted NASH, even those with a low FIB-4 index.


Assuntos
Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Biomarcadores , Biópsia , Humanos , Queratina-18 , Cirrose Hepática , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/diagnóstico , Curva ROC , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
10.
Hepatol Commun ; 5(7): 1290-1299, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34278176

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) can de novo develop in patients with chronic hepatitis C even after the achievement of sustained virologic response (SVR). We characterized de novo HCC after SVR, comparing it with HCC that developed in patients during persistent hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Characteristics, survival rates, and recurrence rates after curative treatment in 178 patients who developed initial HCC after SVR diagnosed between 2014 and 2020 were compared with those of 127 patients with initial HCC that developed during persistent HCV infection diagnosed between 2011 and 2015; HCC was detected under surveillance in both groups. HCC was less advanced and liver function worsened less in patients with SVR than in patients with persistent HCV. The survival rate after diagnosis was significantly higher for patients with SVR than for patients with persistent HCV (1-, 3-, and 5-year survival rates, 98.2%, 92.5%, and 86.8% versus 89.5%, 74.7%, and 60.8%, respectively; P < 0.001). By contrast, the recurrence rate after curative treatment was similar between groups (1-, 3-, and 5-year recurrence rates, 11.6%, 54.6%, and 60.4% versus 24.0%, 46.7%, and 50.4%, respectively; P = 0.7484). Liver function improved between initial HCC diagnosis and recurrence in patients with SVR (P = 0.0191), whereas it worsened in the control group (P < 0.001). In addition, patients with SVR could receive curative treatment for recurrence more frequently than patients with persistent HCV (80.4% versus 47.8%, respectively; P = 0.0008). Conclusion: Survival of patients with de novo HCC after SVR was significantly higher than that of patients in whom HCC developed during persistent HCV infection, despite similar rates of recurrence after curative treatment. A higher prevalence of curative treatment for recurrent HCC and improved liver function contributed to this result.

11.
Liver Int ; 2021 Jul 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34250737

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Lenvatinib is a standard of care option in first-line therapy of advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In the present study, we aim to identify, in patients with HCC treated with lenvatinib, a possible association between occurrence and grading of adverse events (AEs) and outcome. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of 606 Japanese and Italian patients treated with lenvatinib in first-line setting and investigated the possible correlation between the onset of AEs, toxicity grade (G) and outcome measures such as overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS). RESULTS: The appearance of arterial hypertension G ≥ 2 independently predicted prolonged OS [hazard ratio (HR) 0.66, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.46-0.93, P = .0188], whereas decreased appetite G ≥ 2 independently predicted decreased OS (HR 1.70, 95% CI 1.25-2.32, P = .0007) by multivariate analysis. Appearance of hand-foot skin reaction independently predicted prolonged PFS (HR 0.72, 95% CI 0.56-0.93, P = .0149), whereas decreased appetite G ≥ 2 predicted decreased PFS (HR 1.36, 95% CI 1.04-1.77, P = .0277). CONCLUSIONS: Our main findings are that the occurrence of arterial hypertension G ≥ 2 is a predictor of longer survival, whereas decreased appetite G ≥ 2 predicts for a poor prognosis. A careful management of AEs under lenvatinib treatment for HCC is required, to improve patients' quality of life, minimize the need for treatment discontinuation and achieve optimal outcome.

12.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 14474, 2021 07 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34262065

RESUMO

We investigated the impact on survival of modified albumin-bilirubin (mALBI) grade versus Child-Pugh classification in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) who received lenvatinib. A total of 524 patients with HCC who received lenvatinib were included. Univariate analysis showed that mALBI grade 2b/3 and Child-Pugh class B/C were significantly associated with survival [hazard ratio (HR), 2.471; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.944-3.141 and HR, 2.178; 95%CI, 1.591-2.982]. In patients with a Child-Pugh score of 5, multivariate analysis showed that mALBI grade 2b/3 was independently associated with survival (HR, 1.814; 95%CI, 1.083-3.037). Conversely, among patients with mALBI grade 1/2a, there was no difference in survival between those with a Child-Pugh class of 5 or 6 (p = 0.735). Time-dependent receiver operating characteristic analysis showed that the ALBI score predicted survival better than the Child-Pugh score. The optimal cut-off value of the ALBI score for predicting survival was nearly the same as the value separating mALBI grades 2a and 2b. In conclusion, the mALBI grade was a better predictor of survival than the Child-Pugh classification in patients with unresectable HCC who received lenvatinib therapy.


Assuntos
Bilirrubina/sangue , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Compostos de Fenilureia/uso terapêutico , Quinolinas/uso terapêutico , Albumina Sérica Humana/análise , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/mortalidade , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Masculino , Compostos de Fenilureia/efeitos adversos , Quinolinas/efeitos adversos , Curva ROC , Taxa de Sobrevida
13.
J Viral Hepat ; 28(9): 1293-1303, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34185932

RESUMO

The impact of antiviral therapy on clinical outcomes in patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and mild liver fibrosis (FIB-4 score <1.45) is not well understood. We aimed to clarify the impact of viral eradication on hepatocarcinogenesis and mortality in patients with mild fibrosis.The subjects were 657 patients who achieved sustained virologic response (SVR) (Clearance group) and 586 patients who did not receive antiviral therapy or did not achieve SVR (No clearance group). We applied inverse probability weighting because the groups had different baseline characteristics. Multivariate proportional hazards models were used to analyse factors associated with hepatocarcinogenesis and mortality using a time-dependent covariate. In addition, we compared the mortality rate of the Clearance group stratified by age to the mortality rate of the general population.Clearance of HCV RNA was significantly associated with hepatocarcinogenesis and all-cause, liver-related and non-liver-related mortality (adjusted hazard ratios [95% confidence interval], 0.2653 [0.1147-0.6136, p = 0.0019], 0.3416 [0.2157-0.5409, p < 0.0001], 0.2474 [0.0802-0.8917, p = 0.0381] and 0.4118 [0.2449-0.6925, p = 0.0008], respectively). The Clearance group had significantly higher mortality than the general population matched by age, sex and follow-up duration (p < 0.0001). However, there were no significant differences between patients who achieved SVR before age 50 and the general population matched by age, sex and follow-up duration (p = 0.1570). HCV eradication in patients with mild fibrosis reduces liver-related and non-liver-related mortality. If HCV is eradicated before age 50, prognosis is likely be similar to that of the age-matched and sex-matched general population. (249 words).


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Hepatite C Crônica , Hepatite C , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Hepacivirus/genética , Hepatite C/complicações , Hepatite C/tratamento farmacológico , Hepatite C Crônica/complicações , Hepatite C Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resposta Viral Sustentada
14.
Cancer Rep (Hoboken) ; : e1464, 2021 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34114752

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although atezolizumab plus bevacizumab (Atez/bev) treatment has been developed for unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (u-HCC), changes in hepatic function during therapy have yet to be reported. AIM: This retrospective clinical study aimed to elucidate early responses to Atez/Bev. METHODS: From September 2020 to April 2021, 171 u-HCC patients undergoing Atez/Bev treatment were enrolled (BCLC stage A:B:C:D = 5:68:96:2). Of those, 75 had no prior history of systemic treatment. Relative changes in hepatic function and therapeutic response were assessed using albumin-bilirubin (ALBI) score and Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST), ver. 1.1, respectively. RESULTS: In initial imaging examination findings, objective response rates for early tumor shrinkage and disease control after 6 weeks (ORR-6W/DCR-6W) were 10.6%/79.6%. Similar response results were observed in patients with and without a past history of systemic treatment (ORR-6W/DCR-6W = 9.7%/77.8% and 12.2%/82.9%), as well as patients in whom Atez/Bev was used as post-progression treatment following lenvatinib (ORR-6W/DCR-6W = 7.7%/79.5%), for which no known effective post-progression treatment has been established. In 111 patients who underwent a 6-week observation period, ALBI score was significantly worsened at 3 weeks after introducing Atez/Bev (-2.525 ± 0.419 vs -2.323 ± 0.445, p < .001), but then recovered at 6-weeks (-2.403 ± 0.452) as compared to 3-weeks (p = .001). During the observation period, the most common adverse events were appetite loss (all grades) (12.3%), general fatigue/hypertension (all grades) (11.1%, respectively), and urine protein (all grades) (10.5%). CONCLUSION: Atez/Bev might have therapeutic potential not only as first but also later-line treatment of existing molecular target agents. In addition, this drug combination may have less influence on hepatic function during the early period, as the present patients showed a good initial therapeutic response.

15.
Liver Cancer ; 10(2): 115-125, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33977088

RESUMO

Background/Aim: An effective postprogression treatment of lenvatinib (LEN) against unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (u-HCC) has not been established. We aimed to elucidate the clinical role of continuing LEN beyond progression of disease (PD). Methods: From March 2018 to October 2020, 99 u-HCC patients, in whom PD was confirmed (male:female = 78:21, median age 72 years, Child-Pugh A = 99, Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer stage A:B:C = 2:43:54, LEN as first-line = 55), were enrolled (stopped LEN at PD [A group], n = 26; continued LEN beyond PD [B group], n = 73). Radiological response was evaluated with RECIST 1.1. Clinical features and prognostic factors for overall survival (OS) were retrospectively investigated using inverse probability weighting (IPW) calculated by propensity score. Results: Median time to progression, best response, and modified albumin-bilirubin grade (mALBI) at both baseline and PD did not show significant difference between the groups. Postprogression treatment in the A group was best supportive care in 17, sorafenib in 4, regorafenib in 3, ramucirumab in 1, and hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy in 1. After adjusting with IPW, the B group showed better prognosis in regard to OS after PD and OS after introducing LEN than the A group (10.8/19.6 vs. 5.8/11.2 months, p < 0.001, respectively). In IPW-adjusted Cox hazard multivariate analysis, significant prognostic factors for OS after PD were mALBI 2b/3 at PD (HR 1.983, p = 0.021), decline of Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status (ECOG PS) from baseline at PD (HR 3.180, p < 0.001), elevated alpha-fetoprotein (≥100 ng/mL) at introducing LEN (HR 2.511, p = 0.004), appearance of new extrahepatic metastasis (HR 2.396, p = 0.006), positive for hand-foot skin reaction (HFSR) before PD (any grade) (HR 0.292, p < 0.001), and continuing LEN beyond PD (HR 0.297, p < 0.001). Conclusion: When ECOG PS and hepatic reserve function permit, continuing LEN treatment beyond PD, especially in u-HCC patients showed HFSR during LEN treatment, might be a good therapeutic option, at least until a more effective drug as a postprogression treatment after LEN failure is developed.

16.
Gastroenterol Rep (Oxf) ; 9(2): 133-138, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34026220

RESUMO

Background: Lenvatinib is used for unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (u-HCC) as first-line, as well as second- and third-line therapy in Japan. We evaluated the therapeutic efficacy of newly developed ramucirumab when given after lenvatinib for post-progression treatment. Methods: Of 385 patients with u-HCC and treated with lenvatinib at 16 different institutions in Japan between May 2018 and January 2020, 28 who received ramucirumab as the next treatment were enrolled and therapeutic responses were evaluated in a retrospective manner. Results: The median age of the 28 patients given ramucirumab was 70 years and the median albumin-bilirubin score was -2.19. Of the 28 patients, 23 were male, 21 were classified as Child-Pugh A and 7 as Child-Pugh B, and 25 were Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer Stage C. Ramucirumab was given as second-line therapy in 14, third-line in 9, and fourth-line in 5. Therapeutic response was obtained in only 26 patients; the objective response rate was 3.8% (1/26) and the disease-control rate was 42.3% (11/26), with a median period to progression of 2.0 months. The reasons for discontinuation of ramucirumab were progression of disease in 16 and Grade 3 adverse events (gastrointestinal bleeding, ascites) in 2. Conclusions: The anticipated therapeutic efficacy of ramucirumab for post-progression treatment following lenvatinib was not seen in our early experience.

17.
Hepatol Res ; 51(8): 860-869, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34046970

RESUMO

AIM: The pathogenic process underlying the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is not yet clear in patients with chronic hepatitis C virus who receive direct-acting antiviral therapy and achieve sustained virological response. This study investigated two risk factors for HCC in these patients; specifically, hepatic fibrosis and steatosis. METHODS: A total of 355 patients in whom hepatitis C virus was eradicated by direct-acting antiviral were evaluated. Fibrosis and steatosis were assessed using transient elastography (TE) and the controlled attenuation parameter (CAP). Inverse probability weighting was applied to patient age, sex, albumin-bilirubin, α-fetoprotein, history of HCC, TE, or CAP. RESULTS: The 12-, 24-, and 36-month cumulative incidence rates of HCC were 0.9%, 2.4%, and 4.1%, respectively. Univariate analysis with the Cox proportional hazards model showed that whereas a high TE value (≥10 kPa) was significantly associated with HCC development (HR 7.861, 95% CI 2.126-29.070; p = 0.002), CAP was not. Additionally, univariate analysis with the Cox proportional hazards model adjusted by inverse probability weighting showed that a high TE value was significantly associated with HCC development (HR 3.980, 95% CI, 1.036-15.290; p = 0.044), whereas CAP was not. The cumulative inverse probability weighting-adjusted incidence of HCC rates at 12, 24, and 36 months were 0.0%, 0.5%, and 1.7%, respectively, in patients with a low TE value, and 2.5%, 5.1%, and 7.6%, respectively, in those with a high TE value. CONCLUSION: A high TE value was a risk factor for HCC in hepatitis C virus patients who received direct-acting antiviral therapy and achieved sustained virological response.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33852513

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: There is insufficient information to evaluate the correlation between fibrosis regression and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) risk after hepatitis C virus eradication. We analyzed serial changes in fibrosis (FIB)-4 scores after sustained virological response (SVR). METHODS: The subjects were 717 patients who achieved SVR by interferon (IFN)-based therapy (IFN Group) and 635 patients who achieved SVR by direct-acting antiviral (DAA) therapy (DAA Group). We performed propensity score matching because the baseline characteristics differed between the IFN and DAA groups, and then applied inverse probability weighting (IPW). We compared the changes in FIB-4 scores between the IFN and DAA groups. We also investigated the dynamics of FIB-4 scores, which are useful for predicting hepatocarcinogenesis. RESULTS: Using time-dependent receiver operating characteristic curve analysis and an IPW-adjusted Cox proportional hazards model, we identified an FIB-4 cutoff of 1.50 for predicting hepatocarcinogenesis. The percentages of patients in the IFN and DAA groups who demonstrated IPW-adjusted cumulative reduction and increase in FIB-4 scores indicated no significant differences. No HCC developed during the 5-year follow-up period in 547 of the 1352 patients whose FIB-4 score was <1.50 at SVR or improved from ≥1.50 to <1.50 during follow-up. Only one patient developed HCC, at 7.3 years; this individual had diabetes mellitus and excessive alcohol intake. CONCLUSION: There was no difference in FIB-4 score reduction between the IFN and DAA groups. Patients whose FIB-4 scores improved to <1.50 or remained at <1.50 during follow-up after SVR had extremely low hepatocarcinogenesis rates.

20.
Infect Dis Ther ; 10(2): 1001-1013, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33881712

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: In patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and decompensated cirrhosis (DC), it is uncertain whether viral clearance is clinically meaningful and whether it decreases liver-related and non-liver-related mortality. The aim of this study was to assess whether viral eradication reduced liver-related and non-liver-related mortality in patients with HCV infection and DC. METHODS: To clarify the impact of viral eradication on liver-related and non-liver-related mortality, 364 patients with DC who received direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) and achieved sustained virological response (SVR) in the UK (DAA group) were compared with 249 patients with DC who did not receive DAAs and who underwent symptomatic treatment in Japan (non-DAA group). Propensity score matching and inverse probability weighting (IPW) were performed to adjust the baseline characteristics in the DAA and non-DAA groups. Liver-related and non-liver-related mortality were analyzed using the competing risks IPW cumulative incidence functions estimator. RESULTS: The cumulative all-cause mortality rate in the DAA group was significantly lower than that in the non-DAA group (p < 0.0001, IPW-adjusted log-rank test). The cumulative incidence rates of both liver-related and non-liver-related mortality were significantly lower in the DAA group than those in the non-DAA group (p < 0.0001 for both). CONCLUSION: DAA-mediated viral eradication reduced not only liver-related mortality but also non-liver-related mortality in patients with HCV infection and DC.

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