Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.825
Filtrar
1.
Microbiology (Reading) ; 168(2)2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35113781

RESUMO

Vibrio cholerae O1 and O139 isolates deploy cholera toxin (CT) and toxin-coregulated pilus (TCP) to cause the diarrhoeal disease cholera. The ctxAB and tcpA genes encoding CT and TCP are part of two acquired genetic elements, the CTX phage and Vibrio pathogenicity island-1 (VPI-1), respectively. ToxR and ToxT proteins are the key regulators of virulence genes of V. cholerae O1 and O139. V. cholerae isolates belonging to serogroups other than O1/O139, called non-O1/non-O139, are usually devoid of virulence-related elements and are non-pathogenic. Here, we have analysed the available whole genome sequence of an environmental toxigenic V. cholerae non-O1/non-O139 strain, VCE232, carrying the CTX phage and VPI-1. Extensive bioinformatics and phylogenetic analyses indicated high similarity of the VCE232 genome sequence with the genome of V. cholerae O1 strains, including organization of the VPI-1 locus, ctxAB, tcpA and toxT genes, and promoters. We established that the VCE232 strain produces an optimal amount of CT at 30 °C under AKI conditions. To investigate the role of ToxT and ToxR in the regulation of virulence factors, we constructed ΔtoxT, ΔtoxR and ΔtoxTΔtoxR deletion mutants of VCE232. Extensive genetic analyses of these mutants indicated that the toxT and toxR genes of VCE232 are crucial for CT and TCP production. However, unlike O1 isolates, the presence of either toxT or toxR gene is sufficient for optimal CT production in VCE232. In addition, the VCE232 ΔtoxR mutant showed differential regulation of the major outer membrane proteins, OmpT and OmpU. This is the first attempt to explore the regulation of expression of major virulence genes and regulators in an environmental toxigenic V. cholerae non-O1/non-O139 strain.


Assuntos
Cólera , Vibrio cholerae não O1 , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Humanos , Filogenia , Vibrio cholerae não O1/metabolismo , Virulência/genética
2.
Cureus ; 14(3): e23553, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35494957

RESUMO

Background Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) is a potent oncogenic lipid. Intracellular levels of S1P are tightly regulated by eight S1P-metabolizing enzymes. S1P synthesis is catalyzed by two sphingosine kinases, i.e., sphingosine kinase 1 (SphK1) and sphingosine kinase 2 (SphK2). Five lipid phosphatases (two S1P phosphatases and lipid phosphate phosphatases (LPPs) 1, 2, and 3) reversibly convert S1P back to sphingosine. Previously, we have determined the mRNA expression profile of eight S1P-metabolizing enzymes in tumor tissues and adjacent normal tissues from oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) patients. Except for SphK1, the role of S1P-metabolizing enzymes in OSCC has been poorly studied. Methods We have determined the protein expression of four S1P-metabolizing enzymes (SphK1, SphK2, sphingosine-1-phosphate phosphatase 1 (SGPP1), and lipid phosphate phosphatase 3 (LPP3)) by immunohistochemistry (IHC) in tumor tissues of 46 OSCC patients. Six subjects with non-dysplastic oral mucosa were also included in the study. The immunoreactivity score (IRS) was calculated for each protein in every subject. Further, we determined the associations of expression of S1P-metabolizing enzymes with clinicopathological features of OSCC patients. Results We demonstrate the low IRS for SphK2 and LPP3 in OSCC tumors. Importantly, expression of SphK2 and LPP3 was downregulated in malignant epithelial cells compared to non-malignant mucosa. Further, LPP3 expression negatively correlated with tumor­node­metastasis (TNM) staging of patients (r = -0.307, p = 0.043). Importantly, expression of LPP3 in tumors was found to be an independent predictor of perinodal extension (b = -0.440, p = 0.009), lymphovascular invasion (b = -0.614, p < 0.001), lymph node ratio (b = 0.336, p = 0.039), and TNM staging (b = -0.364, p = 0.030). Conclusion Taken together, our data show that expression of SphK2 and LPP3 is decreased compared to normal mucosa. Thus, the S1P signaling pathway could represent a potential therapeutic target.

3.
J Clin Exp Hepatol ; 12(2): 503-509, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35535107

RESUMO

Background: Proximal splenorenal shunt (PSRS) is one of the most commonly performed portosystemic shunt (PSS) in extrahepatic portal venous obstruction (EHPVO) for portal decompression. Sometimes various anatomical and surgical factors related to the splenic vein and/or left renal vein may make the construction of a PSRS difficult or impossible. Unconventional shunts are required to tide over such conditions. Methods: From January 2008 to December 2018, 189 patients with EHPVO underwent PSS, of which, the 10 patients who underwent unconventional shunts form the study group of this paper. Results: The ten unconventional shunts included 8 proximal splenoadrenal shunts, one collateral-renal shunt, and one inferior mesenteric vein to inferior vena cava (IMV-Caval) shunt. The mean percentage drop in omental pressure was 34.2% post-shunt with a mean anastomotic diameter of 13.7 ± 3.1 mm. Three patients experienced some form of postoperative complication. With a mean follow-up period of 32.3 months (maximum of 111 months) all patients had patent shunts on follow-up Doppler. None of the patients had variceal bleed, or features of biliopathy and hepatic encephalopathy in follow-up. Conclusion: Unconventional shunts can be used safely and effectively with good postoperative outcomes in EHPVO.

4.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 7113, 2022 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35501349

RESUMO

We aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of low-dose atropine compared to placebo in the Indian population and also to study the impact of various modifiable and non-modifiable factors on myopia progression (MP) and drug efficacy (DE). It was a single-centre prospective placebo-controlled interventional study. 43 participants aged 6-16 years with progressive myopia received 0.01% atropine in the right eyes (treatment) and placebo in the left eyes (control) for 1-year. The main outcome measures were annual MP and axial length elongation (ALE) in treatment and control eyes and their percentage difference between two eyes (drug efficacy). Secondary outcome measures were the occurrence of any adverse events and the correlation of MP, ALE, and DE with various factors. 40 participants (80 eyes) completed the follow-up. After 1-year, MP was 0.25 D (IQR 0.13-0.44) and 0.69 D (IQR 0.50-1.0) (p < 0.001) in treatment and control respectively (63.89% reduction) with respective ALE of 0.14 mm (IQR 0.05-0.35) and 0.32 mm (IQR 0.19-0.46) (p < 0.001) (44.44% reduction). No adverse events were noted. Reduction in MP and ALE was statistically significant in all children irrespective of age-group, baseline MP, family history, screen-time, near and outdoor-time. The strongest determinants of annual MP were age (Treatment: r = - 0.418, p = 0.007; Control: r = - 0.452, p = 0.003) and baseline MP (Treatment: r = 0.64, p = 0.000; Control: r = 0.79, p = 0.000). Screen-time in control eyes was associated with greater ALE (r = 0.620, p = 0.042). DE was higher when outdoor time exceeded 2 h/day (p = 0.035) while the efficacy was lower with prolonged near activities (p = 0.03), baseline fast-progressors (p < 0.05) and history of parental myopia (p < 0.05). 0.01% atropine is effective and safe in retarding MP and ALE in Indian eyes.


Assuntos
Atropina , Miopia Degenerativa , Adolescente , Atropina/administração & dosagem , Atropina/efeitos adversos , Criança , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Humanos , Miopia Degenerativa/tratamento farmacológico , Soluções Oftálmicas , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Food Chem ; 389: 132990, 2022 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35569244

RESUMO

Sesame is the oldest oilseed crop known to humanity, though it contributes a small share in the global vegetable oil production. Sesame oil contains nutrients, including lignans, tocopherols, phytosterols, natural antioxidants, and bioactive compounds. It provides various health benefits such as anti-lipogenic, hypo-cholesterolemic, anti-degenerative, and neural health-promoting properties. Being an under-utilized minor crop, it has not received enough research attention for its food and nutraceutical potential. The sesame crop is a potential candidate to maintain the diversity of food oils and harness its benefits for improving human health. The present review will provide detailed research on sesame oil contents, health effects, nutraceuticals, oil quality, and value addition strategies. Also, the sesame oil nutritional quality was compared with other vegetable oils, highlighting the potential health and nutrition-related benefits. The way forward for further sesame improvement through value addition traits was also discussed.

6.
Eur J Ophthalmol ; : 11206721221102268, 2022 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35570570

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To report a case of post radial keratotomy (RK) cataract in a 55-year-old lady wherein biometry was done by ray-tracing method incorporated in scheimpflug topographer (Sirius + Scheimpflug Analyzer, CSO, Italy). METHOD: In our case, we performed intraocular lens (IOL) power calculation using a recent concept of ray tracing with scheimpflug topographer and compared with traditional methods available at American Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgery(ASCRS) website (www.ascrs.org) for eyes with prior RK. Phacoemulsification was performed and a monofocal + 24.5D IOL implanted in the capsular bag. RESULT: Manifest refraction at six weeks postoperative period was + 1.0DS/-2.0DC × 75° with spherical equivalence of 0. On comparison of all the methods used to calculate IOL power, the absolute errors of ray tracing and Barrett true K were found to be the least, 0.14 and 0.18 respectively. CONCLUSION: Ray tracing biometry with scheimpflug topographer seems to provide accurate IOL power in post RK eyes.

7.
Neuroradiol J ; : 19714009221098366, 2022 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35509231

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Angiographic and cadaveric studies have evidenced variations in the circle of Willis (CoW). Age-related changes in cerebral hemodynamics may be attributable to vascular variations. OBJECTIVES: The objective is to assess interdependence of completeness of CoW with age using non-invasive MRA and cerebral perfusion using arterial spin labeling (ASL). METHODS: This single-center, prospective study segregated 189 subjects into three groups: ≤5, 5 to 18, and >18 years. Angiographic (complete CoW and vascular asymmetry index) using TOF and contrast-enhanced- (CE-) MRA, and perfusion (perfusion asymmetry index) data using ASL were obtained. RESULTS: One hundred and six (56.08%) subjects showed complete CoW on TOF and 100 (52.91%) on CE-MRA. Anterior and posterior collateral pathways were more prevalent in the younger population. Completeness of CoW decreased with increasing age, group 1 (54/60, 90% TOF; 51/60, 85% CE), group 2 (39/64, 60% TOF; 37/64, 56.92% CE), and group 3 (13/65, 20.31% TOF; 12/65, 18.75% CE); p-value < .0001. A statistically significant decrease in cerebral and cerebellar perfusion with increasing age was seen. Cerebellar to frontal perfusion change was higher in group 1. Fetal posterior cerebral artery (PCA) led to ipsilateral low and contralateral hyperperfusion flow asymmetries between occipital lobes. CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that a complete CoW is commoner in pediatrics than adults and with increasing age, the completeness of CoW decreases paralleled by decrease in cerebral and cerebellar perfusion. There is age-related shift of perfusion from hindbrain to forebrain and the regression of PCoA occurs with increasing age leading to alterations in cerebral perfusion and hemodynamics.

8.
ACS Appl Bio Mater ; 5(5): 2421-2430, 2022 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35522141

RESUMO

In this work, we report a facile synthesis of graphene oxide-gold (GO-Au) nanocomposites by electrodeposition. The fabricated electrochemical immunosensors are utilized for the dual detection of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) antigen and SARS-CoV-2 antibody. The GO-Au nanocomposites has been characterized by UV-vis spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), cyclic voltammetry (CV), differential pulse voltammetry (DPV), and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) for its biosensing properties. The linear detection range of the SARS-CoV-2 antigen immunosensor is 10.0 ag mL-1 to 50.0 ng mL-1, whereas that for the antibody immunosensor ranges from 1.0 fg mL-1 to 1.0 ng mL-1. The calculated limit of detection (LOD) of the SARS-CoV-2 antigen immunosensor is 3.99 ag mL-1, and that for SARS-CoV-2 antibody immunosensor is 1.0 fg mL-1 with high sensitivity. The validation of the immunosensor has also been carried out on patient serum and patient swab samples from COVID-19 patients. The results suggest successful utilization of the immunosensors with a very low detection limit enabling its use in clinical samples. Further work is needed for the standardization of the results and translation in screen-printed electrodes for use in portable commercial applications.

9.
Hosp Top ; : 1-8, 2022 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35535975

RESUMO

The study was carried out to explore the attitude and perception of observers involved in monitoring of doffing through Real Time Remote Audio-Visual aided (RT-RAVA), the first well-sophisticated surveillance system. A 21-item online-survey proforma was used to collect the data amongst 150 nursing personnel. 3/4th of the participants strongly agreed that they helped in reducing the doffing errors through RT-RAVA doffing. 97.3% perceived that the system is highly effective in reducing the infection during doffing. There was significant correlation between attitude and perception of the observers. The system was perceived as highly effective and was recommended for doffing.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35440339

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Thyroid hormones play a vital role in regulating our body's metabolism. Two important thyroid hormones released from the thyroid gland are- tri-iodothyronine (T3) and tetra-iodothyronine (T4). Thyroid stimulating hormone and thyroid regulating hormone control the T3 and T4 levels in our body. Increased TSH levels indicate hypothyroidism and decreased TSH levels indicate hyperthyroidism. Iodine is a crucial nutrient for the synthesis of thyroid hormones and is mostly obtained from our diet. Other essential nutrients for the thyroid hormones formation include selenium, iron, vitamin D, vitamin B12, etc. Dietary changes in these nutrients can result in alterations in thyroid function and structure. Although, normally the hormonal diseases cannot be cured but we can improve their signs and symptoms using suitable dietary supplements. OBJECTIVE: To thoroughly analyze the various benefits and risks associated with the use of dietary supplements for the prevention and treatment of various thyroid disorders, like hypothyroidism, as seen in hashimoto's thyroiditis; hyperthyroidism, as seen in grave's disease, sick euthyroidism and subclinical hypothyroidism. METHODS: Literature was searched using the search terms; "dietary supplements+ thyroid diseases" on pub med, google scholar, scopus, cochrane library and other search engines and data was collected from 1967- November 2021 including research inputs from the authors. The literature was thoroughly read and deep knowledge was acquired on this topic, which was then sequentially organized and summarized using suitable tables and figures. CONCLUSION: After analyzing the various studies on this topic we arrived at the conclusion that although, there are various claimed and observed health benefits of dietary supplements in prevention and treatment of various thyroid disorders; but still several studies have shown that, there are many risks associated too with the use of dietary supplements, and people using these products should be aware of these risks in order to use them very judiciously for the improvement of their thyroid status.

11.
bioRxiv ; 2022 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35441167

RESUMO

SARS-CoV-2, responsible for the COVID-19 pandemic, causes respiratory failure and damage to multiple organ systems. The emergence of viral variants poses a risk of vaccine failures and prolongation of the pandemic. However, our understanding of the molecular basis of SARS-CoV-2 infection and subsequent COVID-19 pathophysiology is limited. In this study, we have uncovered a critical role for the evolutionarily conserved Hippo signaling pathway in COVID-19 pathogenesis. Given the complexity of COVID-19 associated cell injury and immunopathogenesis processes, we investigated Hippo pathway dynamics in SARS-CoV-2 infection by utilizing COVID-19 lung samples, and human cell models based on pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (PSC-CMs) and human primary lung air-liquid interface (ALI) cultures. SARS-CoV-2 infection caused activation of the Hippo signaling pathway in COVID-19 lung and in vitro cultures. Both parental and Delta variant of concern (VOC) strains induced Hippo pathway. The chemical inhibition and gene knockdown of upstream kinases MST1/2 and LATS1 resulted in significantly enhanced SARS-CoV-2 replication, indicating antiviral roles. Verteporfin a pharmacological inhibitor of the Hippo pathway downstream transactivator, YAP, significantly reduced virus replication. These results delineate a direct antiviral role for Hippo signaling in SARS-CoV-2 infection and the potential for this pathway to be pharmacologically targeted to treat COVID-19.

12.
Chemosphere ; 300: 134505, 2022 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35395266

RESUMO

Boron (B) is an inimitable plant micronutrient, predominantly distinguished by super-narrow range between its deficiency and toxicity concentrations, which depends upon boron speciation in the growth media and form of living organisms. Moreover, the significant variations in its mobility amid different species, and distinctive inter and intra-species responses to extreme concentrations. Therefore, it is necessary to screen the bioavailability, speciation, biogeochemical cycling and exposure pathways of boron in the environment. The genes involved in the tolerance mechanism of boron in different plants were discussed in the current review paper. The functions related to scarcity and excess of boron concentration are assessed. The diverse plants implicated in phytoremediation of boron contaminated sites that restrict boron accumulation in food crops and health risks associated with soils containing deficit or surplus boron concentration were appraised. Ultimately, a summary of numerous strategies involved in the recovery and repair of boron-contaminated soils have been reviewed.

13.
Sci Adv ; 8(14): eabl4370, 2022 04 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35394834

RESUMO

A "Leap-of-Faith" approach is used to treat patients with previously unknown ultrarare pathogenic mutations, often based on evidence from patients having dissimilar but more prevalent mutations. This uncertainty reflects the need to develop personalized prescreening platforms for these patients to assess drug efficacy before considering clinical trial enrollment. In this study, we report an 18-year-old patient with ultrarare Leigh-like syndrome. This patient had previously participated in two clinical trials with unfavorable responses. We established an induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-based platform for this patient, and assessed the efficacy of a panel of drugs. The iPSC platform validated the safety and efficacy of the screened drugs. The efficacy of three of the screened drugs was also investigated in the patient. After 3 years of treatment, the drugs were effective in shifting the metabolic profile of this patient toward healthy control. Therefore, this personalized iPSC-based platform can act as a prescreening tool to help in decision-making with respect to patient's participation in future clinical trials.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Pluripotentes Induzidas , Adolescente , Humanos , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes Induzidas/metabolismo
14.
Infect Immun ; : e0010322, 2022 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35404106

RESUMO

Staphylococcal endophthalmitis is one of the leading causes of blindness following ocular surgery and trauma. Dysregulated inflammation during bacterial endophthalmitis causes host-induced inflammatory damage and vision loss if it remains unchecked. Emerging evidence indicates that inflammasome plays a critical role in regulating innate immunity in various infectious and inflammatory diseases. However, the role of the inflammasome in endophthalmitis remains elusive. Here, using a mouse model of Staphylococcus (S) aureus endophthalmitis, we show that NLRP3/ASC/Caspase-1 signaling regulates IL-1ß production in endophthalmitis. We also show that S. aureus and its cell wall components and toxins induce the activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome complex in mouse eyes. Moreover, we found that both infiltrating neutrophils and retinal microglia contribute toward NLRP3 activation and IL-1ß production in S. aureus-infected eyes. Furthermore, our data using NLRP3-/- and IL-1ß-/- mice revealed that NLRP3 and IL-1ß deficiency leads to increased intraocular bacterial burden and retinal tissue damage. Altogether, our study demonstrated an essential role of NLRP3 inflammasome activation in regulating innate immune responses in bacterial endophthalmitis.

15.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 2201, 2022 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35459245

RESUMO

Skeletal muscle mass is regulated through coordinated activation of multiple signaling pathways. TAK1 signalosome has been found to be activated in various conditions of muscle atrophy and hypertrophy. However, the role and mechanisms by which TAK1 regulates skeletal muscle mass remain less understood. Here, we demonstrate that supraphysiological activation of TAK1 in skeletal muscle of adult mice stimulates translational machinery, protein synthesis, and myofiber growth. TAK1 causes phosphorylation of elongation initiation factor 4E (eIF4E) independent of mTOR. Inactivation of TAK1 disrupts neuromuscular junction morphology and causes deregulation of Smad signaling. Using genetic approaches, we demonstrate that TAK1 prevents excessive loss of muscle mass during denervation. TAK1 favors the nuclear translocation of Smad4 and cytoplasmic retention of Smad6. TAK1 is also required for the phosphorylation of eIF4E in denervated skeletal muscle. Collectively, our results demonstrate that TAK1 supports skeletal muscle growth and prevents neurogenic muscle atrophy in adult mice.


Assuntos
Fator de Iniciação 4E em Eucariotos , MAP Quinase Quinase Quinases , Desenvolvimento Muscular , Músculo Esquelético , Animais , Fator de Iniciação 4E em Eucariotos/metabolismo , MAP Quinase Quinase Quinases/metabolismo , Camundongos , Desenvolvimento Muscular/genética , Desenvolvimento Muscular/fisiologia , Músculo Esquelético/metabolismo , Atrofia Muscular/metabolismo , Atrofia Muscular/patologia , Fosforilação , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia
16.
Neural Netw ; 151: 16-33, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35367735

RESUMO

Recent theoretical and experimental works have connected Hebbian plasticity with the reinforcement learning (RL) paradigm, producing a class of trial-and-error learning in artificial neural networks known as neo-Hebbian plasticity. Inspired by the role of the neuromodulator dopamine in synaptic modification, neo-Hebbian RL methods extend unsupervised Hebbian learning rules with value-based modulation to selectively reinforce associations. This reinforcement allows for learning exploitative behaviors and produces RL models with strong biological plausibility. The review begins with coverage of fundamental concepts in rate- and spike-coded models. We introduce Hebbian correlation detection as a basis for modification of synaptic weighting and progress to neo-Hebbian RL models guided solely by extrinsic rewards. We then analyze state-of-the-art neo-Hebbian approaches to the exploration-exploitation balance under the RL paradigm, emphasizing works that employ additional mechanics to modulate that dynamic. Our review of neo-Hebbian RL methods in this context indicates substantial potential for novel improvements in exploratory learning, primarily through stronger incorporation of intrinsic motivators. We provide a number of research suggestions for this pursuit by drawing from modern theories and results in neuroscience and psychology. The exploration-exploitation balance is a central issue in RL research, and this review is the first to focus on it under the neo-Hebbian RL framework.


Assuntos
Redes Neurais de Computação , Reforço Psicológico , Aprendizagem , Recompensa
18.
Front Nutr ; 9: 812599, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35479746

RESUMO

Native germplasm resources are adapted to specific ecological niches. They have sustained over generations owing to the preference of local communities for their unique taste, the utility to particular dishes, and the low cost of cultivation. They may help eradicate malnutrition and act as a source for trait-linked genes. The present dataset comprises thirty-three native germplasm of maize collected from Rajasthan, Himachal Pradesh, and Andhra Pradesh states of India with an altitudinal variation of 386-2,028 m. They were evaluated for proximate composition, minerals, nutritional attributes, and antioxidant activity and compared with the standard values reported in the Indian Food Composition Table 2017 (IFCT2017). The nutritional profile showed moisture content in the range of 7.16-10.9%, ash 0.73-1.93%, crude protein 8.68-12.0%, crude fat 3.72-8.03%, dietary fiber 5.21-11.2%, and available carbohydrates 60.6-69.8%. Three accessions, namely, Malan 11 (7.06%), Malan 24 (7.20%), and Yellow Chamba Local 02 (8.03%) exhibited almost double the crude fat content as compared with the values notified in IFCT2017 (3.77). Total sugar content obtained was in the range of 5.00-11.3%, whereas the starch content was found between 50.9 and 64.9%. All the germplasm except Yellow Chamba Local reflected a higher protein content than reported values in IFCT2017 (8.80). Sathi, Safed Chamba Local, and Ragal Makka had nearly 12% protein content. Mineral malnutrition, mainly due to iron (Fe) deficiency, is a worldwide issue to science, humanity, and society. The mineral profile revealed that most germplasm had a higher iron content. Accessions with the iron content of nearly three times of IFCT2017 reported value were identified in germplasm belonging to three states. A negative relationship was observed between the altitude of the sample collection site and available carbohydrate content. In contrast, available carbohydrate showed inverse correlations with dietary fiber, protein, and fat content. The information generated in this study can be utilized to promote these germplasm as nutrifood, nutritional surveillance, labeling, and crop improvement programs.

20.
Int J Retina Vitreous ; 8(1): 27, 2022 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35382900

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To evaluate the accuracy of intravitreal injection volume of the pre-filled syringe (PFS) in which aflibercept is packaged compared to the BD Luer-Lok 1-mL syringe. METHODS: Ophthalmologists injected their typical intravitreal volume for aflibercept using either the PFS or BD Luer-Lok 1-mL syringe for 5 times each. The injected fluid was weighed using a micro-scale and converted to volume. The volume of fluid injected was also evaluated when the 0.05 mL line on the PFS was lined up to the tip or base of the dome-shaped plunger. RESULTS: Injection volume was measured for 12 physicians. The average injected fluid volume was 74.22 ± 15.87 µL for PFS and 53.42 ± 4.61 µL for the BD Luer-Lok 1-mL syringe (p < 0.0001). The average deviation in volume injected for the PFS was higher compared to the BD Luer-Lok 1-mL syringe (11.36 µL vs. 3.35 µL, p < 0.0001). When the PFS was lined up with the tip of the dome-shaped plunger at the 0.05-mL line, the average injected volume was 71.03% higher. CONCLUSIONS: The intravitreal injection volume and variability using the new PFS were significantly higher than the volume injected using the BD Luer-Lok 1-mL syringe previously used, potentially leading to higher rates of visually significant elevation of intraocular pressures.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...