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1.
Arch Physiol Biochem ; : 1-9, 2020 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32393069

RESUMO

Context: An altered lipid profile may lead to the development of CVD.Objective: We evaluated the protective role of baicalein (BAC) against lipidemic and oxidative stress in hyperlipidemic challenged Wistar rats.Materials and methods: Male Wistar rats were given a high-fat diet (HFD) (suspension (w/v) of 0.5% cholesterol, 3% coconut oil and 0.25% cholic acid for 30 days) to create a hyperlipidemic model. BAC was supplemented to experimental rats (80 mg/kg body weight). Biomarkers of oxidative stress including ROS, FRAP, GSH, PMRS, AGE, MDA, PCO, AOPP, and other parameters (Paraoxonase-1, SGOT, SGPT) including TNF-α and IL-6, were estimated in blood.Results: Oxidative stress and inflammatory markers were significantly increased in the HFD treated group. BAC treatment protected rats from HFD mediated alterations.Discussion & conclusion: Our results indicate that baicalein provides protection against hyperlipidemic stress and redox imbalance induced by HFD in rats.

2.
Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol ; 47(4): 571-582, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31793010

RESUMO

Diets rich in saturated fats and cholesterol contribute to the incidence of hyperlipidaemia. An altered lipid profile is a major factor responsible for the development of CVD. Male Wistar rats were fed with a high-fat diet (HFD) (suspension (w/v) of 0.5% cholesterol, 3% coconut oil and 0.25% cholic acid for 30 days) to induce an experimental hyperlipidaemic model. High-fat diet fed rats were also supplemented with hesperidin (100 mg/kg body weight). The present study reports reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, oxidative stress parameters: malondialdehyde (MDA), protein carbonyl (PCO), oxidation of plasma protein (AOPP), and advance glycation end products (AGEs); antioxidant defence parameters: ferric reducing ability of plasma (FRAP), reduced glutathione (GSH), Paraoxonase-1 (PON-1), plasma membrane redox system (PMRS); general biochemical parameters: triglyceride, cholesterol, serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT), and serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase (SGPT), fasting insulin, fasting glucose, homeostatic model assessment-insulin resistance (Homa-IR) index, and inflammatory biomarkers: interleukin (IL)-6 and tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-α. Experimental hyperlipidaemia was found to be associated with significantly higher body weight (27.58%), cholesterol (140%), triglyceride (190%), and fasting glucose level (37%). Reactive oxygen species production (67%), MDA (28.9%), AOPP (31.42%), PCO (58.53%), and PMRS (156%), inflammatory markers, cytokines IL-6 and TNF-α, were elevated and GSH (50%), PON 1 (37.07%), and FRAP (26.58%) activity were significantly (P < .05) lower in the high-fat diet group. Hesperidin supplementation protected HFD-fed rats from oxidative damage. Our findings indicate that the supplementation of hesperidin provides protection against redox imbalance induced by hyperlipidaemia in rats.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31730526

RESUMO

Background Polyphenols are known because of their phytochemical constituents having antioxidative properties. In this regard, grape juice is highly enriched with polyphenolic constituents, and its supplementation has been known to improve many health and age-associated diseases and risk factors. Our study was entirely dedicated to evaluating the positive effects of grape juice on young and old rats' erythrocytes and plasma. Methods Young (4 months) and old (24 months) male Wistar rats were given an oral dose of grape juice for 28 days. They were grouped into four categories (n = 6): Group I: young control rats; Group II: young grape juice treated rats; Group III: old control rats; Group IV: old treated rats. The treated groups were administered with 10 µL/g of grape juice according to body weight. The following biomarkers of antioxidant defense were measured: ferric reducing ability of plasma (FRAP), reactive oxygen species (ROS), plasma membrane redox system (PMRS), glutathione (GSH), osmotic fragility, and the decrease in lipid peroxidation measured in terms of malondialdehyde (MDA) levels. Results A significant increase (p<0.05) in antioxidant levels of FRAP, PMRS, and GSH and a significant decrease (p<0.05) in oxidized products such as ROS and MDA were seen in the treated rats in comparison to the controls. The decrease in ROS and rise in FRAP and PMRS levels suggest the ability of grape juice to combat oxidative stress effectively. Conclusion We propose the role of grape juice as a potent antioxidant because of its easy bioavailability and its role in combating stress. Our results also approve grape juice as a possible antiaging agent.

4.
Drug Chem Toxicol ; : 1-9, 2019 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31474151

RESUMO

Acetaminophen or N-acetyl-p-amino-phenol (APAP) is a drug which is available over-the-counter for fever and pain. Its overdosing causes oxidative stress and subsequent acute liver damage. In the present study, we scrutinized the protective effect of metformin co-treatment in APAP induced blood and liver sub-acute toxicity. This is a pre-clinical study in which male Wistar Rats (BW: 300 ± 20 g) were orally co-treated with APAP (1 g/kg/day) and metformin (300 mg/kg/day) for 28-days. Pro- and anti-oxidant markers viz reactive oxygen species, protein carbonyl, malondialdehyde (MDA), the ferric reducing ability of plasma (FRAP), plasma membrane redox system(PMRS) and reduced glutathione (GSH) were evaluated in blood. Additionally, in liver tissue, catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD), MDA and GST level were also evaluated. Histological study and estimation of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) level in serum were performed. APAP induces pro-oxidant markers as well as reduces anti-oxidant markers in blood and liver. Hepatic tissues degeneration and vacuolization of hepatocytes were evident after APAP treatment. Metformin treatment reduces pro-oxidant markers as well as increases anti-oxidant markers in both tissues. It also improves liver tissue architecture after treatment. The outcome of this study suggests that metformin has protective capability against APAP-induced blood and liver toxicity. Thus, metformin co-treatment with APAP attenuates oxidative stress and its consequences.

5.
Rejuvenation Res ; 22(5): 377-384, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30451072

RESUMO

Caloric restriction mimetics (CRMs) provide an exciting antiaging intervention strategy. 2-Deoxy-D-glucose (2-DG), a glycolytic inhibitor, is known to work as a CRM at high doses; however, at chronic high dose it has been linked to increased mortality in rats. We have investigated chronic low-dose dietary administration of 2-DG on age-related stress protection in young and old male Wistar rats by evaluating age-dependent biomarkers in plasma and erythrocytes. Significant increase was observed in reactive oxygen species levels in 2-DG-treated rats (both young and old), concomitant with increase in activities of erythrocyte plasma membrane redox system (PMRS), catalase (CAT), and superoxide dismutase (SOD). 2-DG treatment also decreased plasma sialic acid and advanced glycation end products. We propose that 2-DG induces a mitohormetic response resulting in augmentation of defense mechanism(s) manifested by higher activity of PMRS, CAT, and SOD. Our findings provide evidence that at chronic low dose 2-DG could be a potential CRM.

6.
Carbohydr Polym ; 194: 267-273, 2018 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29801839

RESUMO

Chitosan is a dietary fibre that possesses numerous functional, technological and physiological properties useful in improving food quality. Owing to its fat absorbing ability, chitosan is widely consumed as a health supplement in the form of tablets and capsules. With a view to enhance it consumption and availability, the current work was taken up to evaluate techno-functional quality improvement of shrimp based extruded snacks fortified with chitosan. Chitosan powder at 1, 2 and 3% (w/w) level was added to the base material (corn flour and rice flour in the ratio of 70:30 and 15% Acetes powder) for extrusion. Addition of chitosan in acetes based snacks significantly reduced expansion ratio, porosity and crispiness and increased the hardness value of the product. Chitosan addition had a significant effect (p > 0.05) on the moisture retention and total protein contents of the products as well. Thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) value of chitosan fortified extrudate showed a significantly lower value than the control sample. A higher level of chitosan also resulted in colour reduction of the final product. The FTIR spectra of extrudate confirmed the stability of chitosan during extrusion conditions. The sensory score revealed that extrudate fortified with 1% chitosan was comparable to control sample. From this study it is concluded that 1% chitosan can be incorporated in Acetes based extruded snacks for an increased level of functionality.

7.
J Sci Food Agric ; 98(6): 2393-2401, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29023810

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Functional extruded snacks were prepared using paste shrimp powder (Acetes spp.), which is rich in protein. The process variables required for the preparation of extruded snacks was optimized using response surface methodology. Extrusion temperature (130-144 °C), level of Acetes powder (100-200 g kg-1 ) and feed moisture (140-200 g kg-1 ) were selected as design variables, and expansion ratio, porosity, hardness, crispness and thiobarbituric acid reactive substance value were taken as the response variables. RESULTS: Extrusion temperature significantly influenced all the response variables, while Acetes inclusion influenced all variables except porosity. Feed moisture content showed a significant quadratic effect on all responses and an interactive effect on expansion ratio and hardness. Shrimp powder incorporation increased the protein and mineral content of the final product. The extruded snack made with the combination of extrusion temperature 144.59 °C, feed moisture 178.5 g kg-1 and Acetes inclusion level 146.7 g kg-1 was found to be the best one based on sensory evaluation. CONCLUSION: The study suggests that use of Acetes species for the development of extruded snacks will serve as a means of utilization of Acetes as well as being a rich source of proteins for human consumption, which would otherwise remain unexploited as a by-catch. © 2017 Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Pandalidae/química , Lanches , Animais , Aditivos Alimentares/química , Manipulação de Alimentos , Dureza , Valor Nutritivo , Pós/química , Controle de Qualidade , Temperatura
8.
J Food Sci Technol ; 53(11): 4007-4013, 2016 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28035156

RESUMO

The present study embarked on the objective of optimizing improved sous-vide processing condition for development of ready-to-cook Pangasius steaks with extended shelf-life using response surface methodology. For the development of improved sous-vide cooked product, Pangasius steaks were treated with additional hurdles in various combinations for optimization. Based on the study, suitable combination of chitosan and spices was selected which enhanced antimicrobial and oxidative stability of the product. The Box-Behnken experimental design with 15 trials per model was adopted for designing the experiment to know the effect of independent variables, namely chitosan concentration (X1), cooking time (X2) and cooking temperature (X3) on dependent variable i.e. TBARS value (Y1). From RSM generated model, the optimum condition for sous-vide processing of Pangasius steaks were 1.08% chitosan concentration, 70.93 °C of cooking temperature and 16.48 min for cooking time and predicted minimum value of multiple response optimal condition was Y = 0.855 mg MDA/Kg of fish. The high correlation coefficient (R2 = 0.975) between the model and the experimental data showed that the model was able to efficiently predict processing condition for development of sous-vide processed Pangasius steaks. This research may help the processing industries and Pangasius fish farmer as it provides an alternative low cost technology for the proper utilization of Pangasius.

9.
J Org Chem ; 81(19): 9206-9218, 2016 10 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27617624

RESUMO

A chemo- and regioselective intermolecular sp3 C-H and sp2 C-H coupling reaction for C-C bond formation is described to access unsymmetrical diaryl acetamides under TM-free conditions from sec- and tert-arylacetamides and nitroarenes using tert-butoxide base in DMSO at room temperature. The coupling partners with sensitive functionalities such as chloro, bromo, hydroxy, and cyano were also amenable to the developed reaction. Synthesized α-(2/4-nitroaryl) phenylacetamides have been transformed into biologically important benzofurans, xanthenes, diaryl indoles, and unsymmetrical benzophenones by novel routes without applying a transition metal. Overall, an economical, yet efficient, strategy has been devised to access unsymmetrical diarylacetamides with the possibility of their further elaboration into a variety of biologically important heterocycles. Mechanistic understanding suggests that the reaction proceeds by a nucleophilic addition of a phenylacetamide carbanion, which is generated in the presence of tert-butoxide base, to the para or ortho (if para is substituted) position of nitrobenzene. The formed α-(4-nitrocyclohexa-2,4-dien-1-yl) phenylacetamide anion intermediate oxidized by a basic solution of DMSO or atmospheric oxygen led to the desired sp3 C-H and sp2 C-H coupled α-(2/4-nitroaryl) phenylacetamides.

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