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1.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 142: 111960, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34352718

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma is one of the most common causes of cancer-related deaths globally. Bioavailable, effective and safe therapeutic agents are urgently needed for cancer treatment. This study evaluated the metabolomics profiling, anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic effects of strigol/albumin/chitosan nanoparticles (S/A/CNP) on HepG2 cell line. The diameter of S/A/CNP was (5 ±â€¯0.01) nm. The IC50 was 180.4 nM and 47.6 nM for Strigol1 and S/A/CNP, respectively, after incubation for 24 h with HepG2 cells. By increasing the concentration of S/A/CNP, there was chromatin condensation, degranulation in the cytoplasm and shrinking in cell size indicating pro-apoptotic activity. Metabolomics profiling of the exposed cells by LC/MS/MS revealed that S/A/CNP up-regulated epigenetic intermediates (spermine and spermidine) and down-regulated energy production pathway and significantly decreased glutamine (P < 0.001). These findings demonstrated that S/A/CNP has anti-proliferative, apoptotic effects and modulate energetic, and epigenetic metabolites in the hepatocellular carcinoma cell line (HepG2).

2.
Afr Health Sci ; 20(2): 676-681, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33163031

RESUMO

Background: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is considered as a common cause of hormonal disturbance and obesity. The diagnosis of PCOS was done by different methods including clinical signs as anovulation, hyperandrogenism, biochemical markers and ultrasounographic investigation. This study investigated comparative outcomes of ultrasonographic and biochemical markers for early prediction of PCOS in obese women. Subjects and methods: Seventy-five patients were clinically diagnosed with obese, PCOS and obese with PCOS and twenty-five normal age matched subjects were enrolled as control. Abdominal and transvaginal ultrasonographic for assessment of ovarian properties. In addition, BMI, serum free testosterone, dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), insulin, glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and LDL-c levels were evaluated. Result: In obese patients with PCOs (20%) ovaries revealed normal appearance in morphology while the rest (80%) showed PCOs in the form of cysts of 2-8 mm in diameter peripherally arranged around stroma. A significant elevation of free testosterone, DHEA and insulin in obese with or without PCOS compared with obese group (p<0.001). A positive correlation with hormonal abnormalities of increased HA1c, LDL-c, free testosterone, DHEA and insulin compared with obese only. Conclusion: According to our study findings, ovarian morphology combined with biochemical markers is more reliable for early prediction and diagnosis of PCOS for interpretation and management.


Assuntos
Desidroepiandrosterona/sangue , Obesidade/complicações , Ovário/diagnóstico por imagem , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Anovulação/diagnóstico , Índice de Massa Corporal , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Hormônio Foliculoestimulante/sangue , Humanos , Hiperandrogenismo/diagnóstico , Insulina/sangue , Obesidade/sangue , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/sangue , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/epidemiologia , Testosterona/sangue
3.
Genes (Basel) ; 11(11)2020 11 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33182267

RESUMO

Human respiratory syncytial virus (HRSV) is a main cause of hospital admission for lower respiratory tract infection. In previous studies from Saudi Arabia, higher prevalence of the NA1 genotype in group A was observed from Riyadh and Taif. This study recruited respiratory cases from Jeddah during January to December, 2017. RSV represented 13.4% in the recruited cases with 64% of them belonging to group A and 36% to group B. All group A cases in this study were ON1 type characterized by duplication of 72 nucleotides, 24 amino acids in the C-terminal in the second hypervariable region of the G gene. In addition, for group B all of the cases were clustered under BA9, which had uniquely characterized as duplication of 60 nucleotides in the G protein. Our sequences showed similarity with earlier sequences from Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Thailand, South Africa, Spain, the USA and Cyprus. Some amino acid substitutions in the investigated sequences would cause a change in potential O-glycosylation and N-glycosylation profiles from prototype ON1. The predominance of the ON1 and BA9 genotype of RSV-A in Jeddah compared to previous Saudi studies showing predominance of the NA1 genotype for group A. This difference in genotype prevalence could be due to fast spread of the ON1 genotype worldwide or due to the flux of travelers through Jeddah during hajj/umrah compared to Riyadh and Taif. This shift in genotype distribution requires continuous surveillance for genetic characterization of circulating respiratory infections including RSV. These findings may contribute to the understanding of RSV evolution and to the potential development of a vaccine against RSV.


Assuntos
Vírus Sincicial Respiratório Humano/genética , Infecções Respiratórias/virologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Sequência de Aminoácidos/genética , Aminoácidos/genética , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Filogenia , Prevalência , Vírus Sincicial Respiratório Humano/patogenicidade , Infecções Respiratórias/genética , Arábia Saudita/epidemiologia
4.
J Food Biochem ; 44(12): e13494, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33015836

RESUMO

Bioactive peptides produced from natural sources are considered as strategic target for drug discovery. Hyperglycemia caused protein glycation alters the structure of many tissues that impairs their functions and lead complications diseases in human body. This study investigated the bioactive peptides produced from red and brown Lens culinaris that might inhibit protein glycation to prevent diabetic complications. In this study, red and brown Lens culinaris protein hydrolysates were prepared by tryptic digestion, using an enzyme/substrate ratio of 1:20 (g/g), at 37°C, 12 hr then peptide fractions <3 kDa were filtered by using ultrafiltration membranes. Protective ability against protein glycation, DPPH radical scavenging, and anti-proliferative activities (on HepG2, MCF-7, and PC3 cell lines) of peptide fractions were assayed in vitro. Results showed that glycation was inhibited by peptides from 28.1% to 68.3% in different test model. PC3 cell line was more sensitive to the peptides which showed strong anticancer activity with lower IC50 (0.96 mg/ml). Peptide fractions were sequenced by HPLC-MS-MS. Twenty eight novel peptides sequences was identified. In silico study, two peptides could be developed as a potential bioactive peptides exhibited antiglycation, antioxidant, and antiproliferative activities. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS: Peptides are becoming an emerging source of medications with the development of new technologies. We have selected Lens Culinaris as one of the rich sources of proteins to explore novel bioactive peptides encapsulated in its seeds. Peptides fractions demonstrated protective ability against protein glycation, strong antioxidant potential, and promising antiproliferative activity. We have identified 28 novel peptides and molecular docking study revealed that some peptides showed strong binding potential to insulin receptor and ACE. Thus, these peptides might be used to manage diabetes complication as well as COVID-19 disease due to their interaction with ACE. However, those peptides needs to be further studied as a potential new drug.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/química , Lens (Planta)/química , Peptídeos/química , Proteínas de Plantas/química , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/química , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Glicosilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Espectrometria de Massas , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Peptídeos/farmacologia , Proteínas de Plantas/farmacologia , Hidrolisados de Proteína/química , Hidrolisados de Proteína/farmacologia , Sementes/química
5.
Microorganisms ; 8(8)2020 Jul 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32727010

RESUMO

(1) Background: Clinical metagenomics is a promising approach that helps to identify etiological agents in cases of unknown infections. For the efficient detection of an unknown pathogen, the extraction method must be carefully selected for the maximum recovery of nucleic acid from different microorganisms. The aim of this study was to evaluate different extraction methods that have the ability to isolate nucleic acids from different types of pathogens with good quality and quantity for efficient use in clinical metagenomic identification. (2) Methods: A mock sample spiked with five different pathogens was used for the comparative evaluation of different commercial extraction kits. Extracted samples were subjected to library preparation and run on MiSeq. The selected extraction method based on the outcome of the comparative evaluation was used subsequently for the nucleic acid isolation of all infectious agents in clinical respiratory samples with multiple infections. (3) Results: The protocol using the PowerViral® Environmental RNA-DNA Isolation Kit with a 5-min bead beating step achieved the best results with a low starting volume. The analysis of the tested clinical specimens showed the ability to successfully identify different types of pathogens. (4) Conclusions: The optimized extraction protocol in this study is recommended for clinical metagenomics application in specimens with multiple infections from different taxa.

6.
Int J Health Sci (Qassim) ; 14(4): 22-28, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32694969

RESUMO

Objective: Osteoporosis is the most common type of bone disorder characterized by low bone mineral density (BMD). It is a multifactorial disease and caused by the interaction of environmental and genetic factors. It has been reported that mutations in the vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene highly affect the metabolism of minerals, which reduces bone density. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the association of VDR gene polymorphisms TaqI (rs731236) and ApaI (rs7975232) with osteoporosis risk in the Saudi population. Methods: This case-control study involved 73 individuals with osteoporosis and 73 healthy controls in Jeddah, KSA. DNA extracted from peripheral blood was used to determine the genotypes and allele frequencies of VDR variants by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphisms. Osteoporosis was confirmed by measuring BMD using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. The results were interpreted using the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium assumption with P < 0.05 considered as significant. Results: A significant increase in the genotype frequencies of the ApaI (Aa) and (aa) was observed among osteoporotic patients compared to controls (P = 0.002 and P < 0.0001, respectively). Only the homozygous (tt) genotype of TaqI was significantly higher in those with osteoporosis than in the controls (P = 0.001). The minor "a" allele of ApaI and the "t" allele of TaqI were significantly more common in the patients as compared to controls (P < 0.0001 and P = 0.01, respectively). Conclusion: VDR polymorphisms ApaI and TaqI were found to be significantly determinant risk factors for osteoporosis progression in the Saudi population.

7.
Environ Res ; 187: 109676, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32485360

RESUMO

Human exposure to poly- and perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) is widespread and has received considerable attention in recent years due to their link with adverse health outcomes, including bone health. Nevertheless, no earlier studies have reported serum PFAS concentrations, and their association with incident osteoporosis in populations in Saudi Arabia. In this clinical case-control study, serum samples collected from 208 individuals (n = 100 cases and n = 108 controls) aged 40-89 years from Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, were analyzed for 17 PFASs. Unconditional logistic regression was used to calculate odds ratios (ORs) for association between serum PFAS concentrations and osteoporosis, stratified by gender, age, serum calcium and vitamin D, previous history of fractures and thyroid disorders. Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), perfluorooctane sulfonic acid (PFOS), perfluorobutanoic acid (PFBA), perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA), perfluorohexane sulfonic acid (PFHxS), perfluoro-n-pentanoic acid (PFPeA) and perfluoroundecanoic acid (PFUnDA) were detected in >80% of serum samples analyzed. PFOS (overall median concentration: 5.08 ng/mL), PFHxS (1.49 ng/mL), PFOA (1.33 ng/mL) and PFNA (0.55 ng/mL) accounted for 94% and 80% of the total serum PFASs concentrations in cases and controls, respectively. Serum PFOA, PFNA and PFUnDA concentrations increased with age in Saudi women. Results from the crude models showed that individuals in the 2nd, 3rd and 4th quartiles of serum PFAS concentrations had 2.3-96-fold increase in odds of diagnosis for osteoporosis compared with those in the 1st quartile (rank order: PFUnDA > PFOA > PFNA > PFOS > PFHxS). Our results suggest that exposure to PFOA, PFOS, PFNA, PFHxS and PFUnDA was associated with osteoporosis in this sample of adult Saudi population.


Assuntos
Ácidos Alcanossulfônicos , Poluentes Ambientais , Fluorcarbonetos , Osteoporose , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoporose/induzido quimicamente , Osteoporose/epidemiologia , Arábia Saudita/epidemiologia
8.
Sci Total Environ ; 737: 139706, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32512300

RESUMO

Human exposure to pesticides is widespread and has received much attention in recent years because of its link to adverse health outcomes. Measurement of urinary concentrations of pesticides and their metabolites is often used in the assessment of body burdens of these chemicals. However, pesticides and their metabolites can be present in blood circulatory system, although little is known on serum levels of pesticides. In this study, we aimed to examine the occurrence and profile of four organophosphate (OP), five pyrethroid (PYR) insecticides, two phenoxy acid (PA) herbicides, 14 neonicotinoid (neonic) insecticides and six dialkylphosphate metabolites in serum from 25 individuals diagnosed with osteoarthritis in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. 2-Isopropyl-4-methyl-6-hydroxypyrimidine (IMPY), 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol (TCPY), 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, 2,4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid, 3-phenoxybenzoic acid, N-desmethyl acetamiprid, dimethylphosphate (DMP) and dimethylthiophosphate (DMTP) were detected in ≥80% of the serum samples analyzed. Metabolites of OPs, DMTP (median concentration: 2.14 ng/mL), DMP (1.04 ng/mL) and TCPY (0.84 ng/mL), collectively accounted for 67-83% of the total serum pesticide concentrations. Serum concentrations of pesticides were similar to or lower than those reported in urine. Our preliminary evidence suggests that serum can be used as a matrix for the assessment of exposure to OPs, PYRs, PAs and neonics.


Assuntos
Osteoartrite , Praguicidas , Piretrinas , Exposição Ambiental/análise , Humanos , Neonicotinoides , Organofosfatos , Arábia Saudita
9.
Arch Physiol Biochem ; : 1-8, 2020 May 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32449861

RESUMO

The current study identified the specific antibodies that recognise amyloid protein for Alzheimer disease - immunotherapy. The immune-selection of random sequences from a phage display library and sequencing to obtain the random 12 amino acids peptide library for each antibody, and then we analysed these peptides for unique and common sequences, relation to Aß42 sequence and shape and pattern of the amino acid reaction to the antibody to predict the epitopes. Data obtained for 4G8 showed that, the sequence segment related to the putative epitope of 4G8 was LVFFAED. Nine of the ten top sequences contain the sequence RHD corresponding to the Aß sequence from residues 5-7. Peptide 7 has the sequence IRYDTGSYHIH, which has a RYD. It was concluded that, 4G8 and 6E10 can tolerate the binding the sequences that explain it is able to recognise amyloid aggregates.

10.
Arch Physiol Biochem ; : 1-8, 2020 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32046518

RESUMO

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is atrophy of brain cells that lead to decline in the mental capacity and memory. This study investigated the mechanism which postulates that intraneuronal accumulation of amyloid aggregates for pathogenesis of AD. The PC12 cell line was used to examine the amyloid beta (Aß) aggregation in different stages. It was found that dot-blot filter retardation assay for Ub-CTF was 0.25 and 0.2 µM for SS-CTF. In addition, incubation of SS-CTF with 200 µM Aß-42 then bounded with an antibody directed against Aß. It was suggested that most bound Aß-42 in the oligomeric form. Confocal microscope showed that stained with DAPI (blue) in the neuritic plaques, APP-GFP (green) and specific monoclonal M78 (red). Aß oligomeric taken up by neurons and accumulation of misfolded Aß aggregates continue in a perinuclear location. Fluorescence intensities correlate with the priming effect observed on the Aß (p < .001). It was concluded that a new amyloid hypothesis is promising in therapy development to reduce the incidence of disease by inhibition of intraneuronal amyloid aggregation.

11.
Afr Health Sci ; 20(3): 1153-1163, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33402960

RESUMO

Background: Viral hemorrhagic fevers (VHF) refers to a group of febrile illnesses caused by different viruses that result in high mortality in animals and humans. Many risk factors like increased human-animal interactions, climate change, increased mobility of people and limited diagnostic facility have contributed to the rapid spread of VHF. Materials: The history of VHFs in the Saudi Arabian Peninsula has been documented since the 19th century, in which many outbreaks have been reported from the southwestern region of Saudi Arabia. Despite presence of regional network of experts and technical organizations, which expedite support and respond during outbreaks, there are some more challenges that need to be addressed immediately. Gaps in funding, exhaustive and inclusive response plans and improved surveillance systems are some areas of concern in the region which can be dealt productively. This review primarily focusses on the hemorrhagic fevers that are caused by three most common viruses namely, the Alkhurma hemorrhagic fever virus, Rift valley fever virus, and Dengue fever virus. Conclusion: In summary, effective vector control, health education, possible use of vaccine and concerted synchronized efforts between different government organizations and private research institutions will help in planning effective outbreak-prevention and response strategies in future.


Assuntos
Vírus da Dengue , Surtos de Doenças , Vírus da Encefalite Transmitidos por Carrapatos , Febres Hemorrágicas Virais , Vírus da Febre do Vale do Rift , Animais , Febres Hemorrágicas Virais/diagnóstico , Febres Hemorrágicas Virais/epidemiologia , Febres Hemorrágicas Virais/terapia , Febres Hemorrágicas Virais/transmissão , Humanos , Saúde Pública , Arábia Saudita/epidemiologia , Zoonoses/epidemiologia
12.
Environ Int ; 133(Pt A): 105178, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31648162

RESUMO

A total of 20 organophosphate triesters (OPEs), including seven alkyl-OPEs, three chlorinated (Cl)-OPEs, seven aryl-OPEs, and three oligomeric-OPEs were measured in 341 house dust samples collected from 12 countries during the period 2010-2014. OPEs were ubiquitous in indoor dust, and the total concentrations of OPEs (∑OPEs; sum of 20 OPEs) ranged from 49.4 to 249,000 ng/g dry weight (dw). Generally, Cl-OPEs were the predominant compounds (51% of total) in indoor dust samples, with a median concentration of 800 ng/g, followed by alkyl-OPEs (31%), aryl-OPEs (17%), and oligomeric-OPEs (1%), with median concentrations of 480, 270, and 21.9 ng/g, respectively. ∑OPE concentrations in indoor dust from more industrialized countries (South Korea: median, 31,300; Japan: 29,800; and the United States: 26,500 ng/g dw) were one or two orders of magnitude higher than those from less industrialized countries (Greece: 7140, Saudi Arabia: 5310, Kuwait: 4420, Romania: 4110, Vietnam: 1190, China: 1120, Colombia: 374, India: 276, and Pakistan: 138 ng/g dw). Statistically significant positive correlations (0.114 < r < 0.748, p < 0.05) were found among the concentrations of 16 OPEs in dust samples, indicating similar sources of these compounds. The median estimated daily intakes of ΣOPEs via dust ingestion for children and adults were in the ranges of 0.29-64.8 and 0.07-14.9 ng/kg bw/day, respectively.


Assuntos
Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados/análise , Poeira/análise , Exposição Ambiental , Ésteres/análise , Organofosfatos/análise , Ingestão de Alimentos , Humanos
13.
Bioorg Chem ; 88: 102937, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31048120

RESUMO

Naturally occurring polyamines like Putrescine, Spermidine, and Spermine are polycations which bind to the DNA, hence stabilizing it and promoting the essential cellular processes. Many synthetic polyamine analogues have been synthesized in the past few years, which have shown cytotoxic effects on different tumours. In the present study, we evaluated the antiproliferative effect of a novel, acylspermidine derivative, (N-(4-aminobutyl)-N-(3-aminopropyl)-8-hydroxy-dodecanamide) (AAHD) on HepG2 cells. Fluorescence staining was performed with nuclear stain (Hoechst 33342) and acridine orange/ethidium bromide double staining. Dose and the time-dependent antiproliferative effect were observed by WST-1 assays, and radical scavenging activity was measured by ROS. Morphological changes such as cell shrinkage & blebbing were analyzed by fluorescent microscopy. It was found that AAHD markedly suppressed the growth of HepG2 cells in a dose- and time-dependent manner. It was also noted that the modulation of ROS levels confirmed the radical scavenging activity. In the near future, AAHD can be a promising drug candidate in chalking out a neoplastic strategy to control the proliferation of tumour cells. This study indicated that AAHD induced anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic activities on HCC. Since AAHD was active at micromolar concentrations without any adverse effects on the healthy cells (Fibroblasts), it is worthy of further clinical investigations.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Butilaminas/farmacologia , Espermidina/farmacologia , Animais , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Butilaminas/síntese química , Butilaminas/química , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Cricetinae , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Espermidina/síntese química , Espermidina/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Cicatrização/efeitos dos fármacos
14.
Environ Int ; 126: 153-161, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30798196

RESUMO

Human exposure to phthalates is ubiquitous and has received considerable attention due to their association with adverse health outcomes, including type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Nevertheless, earlier studies that link phthalate exposure to T2DM yielded ambiguous results. Furthermore, studies that associate phthalate exposure with oxidative stress and then with T2DM are scant. In this diabetic case-control study, urine samples collected from 101 individuals aged 28-68 years from Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, were analyzed to determine 20 phthalate metabolites (PhMs) and seven oxidative stress biomarkers (OSBs). Unconditional logistic regression was used to estimate odds ratios for the association between diabetes and urinary PhMs and OSBs in participants, stratified by age, gender, nationality, smoking status, occupation, and urinary creatinine. Twelve PhMs and five OSBs were found at detection rates above 50%, with geometric mean concentrations of 0.61-100 and 0.35-10.7 ng/mL (1.04-171 and 0.61-18.6 µg/g creatinine), respectively. Almost all exposures were significantly higher in diabetic cases than in controls. The 12 PhMs were positively associated with higher urinary concentrations of 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) and 8-iso-prostaglandin F2α (8-PGF2α). Individuals in the 3rd and/or 4th quartile(s) for urinary concentrations of PhMs and OSBs showed 3.7- and 7.3-fold increase, respectively, in the odds of having diabetes compared with those in the 1st quartile. The rank order of association of PhMs/OSBs with diabetes followed the order of: mEP ≈ mBP > mEHP > mCPP > mECPP ≈ mEOHP ≈ mEHHP ≈ mIBP ≈ mMP > mCMHP ≈ mBzP and 8-OHdG > 8-PGF2α ≈ 15-PGF2α. The relationship between phthalate exposure and risk of developing T2DM was mediated in part by phthalate-induced oxidative stress, especially 8-OHdG. Our study suggests that human exposure to phthalates is associated with increased oxidative stress which mediates the development of T2DM.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/urina , Poluentes Ambientais/urina , Estresse Oxidativo , Ácidos Ftálicos/urina , 8-Hidroxi-2'-Desoxiguanosina , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores/urina , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Desoxiguanosina/análogos & derivados , Desoxiguanosina/urina , Dinoprosta/análogos & derivados , Dinoprosta/urina , Monitoramento Ambiental , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Arábia Saudita/epidemiologia
15.
J Pestic Sci ; 43(3): 168-172, 2018 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30363122

RESUMO

Chemotherapy shows some promising results in the inhibition of cancer, but resistance to chemotherapy and its severe side effects may occur in due course, resulting in only restricted and narrow benefits. Therefore, there is a pressing need to find alternative chemotherapeutic drugs for combating cancers. Plants have been used since ages in medicine, and by the dawn of 19th century, various potent and promising anti-cancer products have been derived from plants. Strigolactones (SLs) are a novel class of phytohormones involved in regulating the branching of shoots. Recently, many novel synthesized SL analogues have been found to be effective against solid and non-solid tumours. These hormones have been reported to have a unique mechanism of inhibiting cancer cells by lowering their viability and promoting apoptosis and cell death at micromolar concentrations. Therefore, synthetic SL analogues could be future potent anti-cancer drug candidates. Further research is needed to identify and deduce the significance of these synthetic SL analogues.

16.
J Pestic Sci ; 43(3): 180-185, 2018 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30363123

RESUMO

In this study, we investigated the inhibitory effects of m-coumaric acid on the glycosylation of proteins in the retinas of diabetic rats. Male rats were divided into two main groups, Group I (normal control) and Group II (diabetic); Group II was further divided into four subgroups: Group IIa (diabetic control), Group IIb (diabetic rats were given m-coumaric acid orally [150 mg/kg, body weight (bw)/day]), Group IIc (diabetic rats were given HCA m-coumaric acid orally [300 mg/kg bw/day]), and Group IId (diabetic rats were given insulin [10 units/kg bw/day]) as a positive control). The treatment lasted for six weeks, and the data obtained suggested that m-coumaric acid reduced glucose and glycated hemoglobin levels, which further decreased the formation of glucose-derived advanced glycation end products. Hence, it protected the tissues from the detrimental effects of hyperglycemia and enhanced antioxidant activity. In conclusion, m-coumaric acid could be a potential candidate to prevent the onset and progression of retinopathy in diabetic patients.

17.
Environ Res ; 166: 544-552, 2018 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29960220

RESUMO

A few epidemiologic studies suggest that exposure to bisphenol A (BPA) is associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, little is known about association between other phenolic endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) and T2DM. In this case-control study, we measured urinary concentrations of 23 phenolic EDCs in 101 individuals from Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, to examine the association of parabens, antimicrobials, bisphenols, benzophenones and bisphenol A diglycidyl ethers with T2DM. Urine samples were collected from 54 T2DM cases and 47 non-diabetic individuals (controls), aged 28-68 years old, during 2015-2016. Unconditional logistic regression was performed to estimate odd ratios (ORs) for the association between diabetes and EDC exposures after adjusting for confounders including age, gender, nationality, smoking status and occupation. Age from 40 to 59 years (OR 5.56, 95% CI 2.20-14.0) and smoking status (OR 2.92, 95% CI 1.25-6.79) showed significant positive associations with T2DM. After adjusting for potential confounders, we found that T2DM cases had high urinary levels of parabens (i.e., methyl- (MeP), ethyl- (EtP), propyl- (PrP) and 4-hydroxy benzoic acid (4-HB)), bisphenols (i.e., bisphenols A (BPA) and F (BPF)), and benzophenone (i.e., 4-hydroxybenzophenone (4-OH-BP)) relative to the controls. Individuals in the 4th quartile for urinary concentrations of MeP, EtP, PrP, 4-HB and BPF and in the 3rd quartile for BPA and 4-OH-BP showed over a 6-fold increase in the odds of having diabetes compared with those in the first quartile. Overall, our study shows that urinary levels of multiple phenolic EDCs were associated with increased risk for diabetes. Further prospective studies are required to verify these associations.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Fenóis/urina , Adulto , Idoso , Compostos Benzidrílicos/urina , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/urina , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Arábia Saudita/epidemiologia
18.
Afr Health Sci ; 18(3): 681-688, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30603001

RESUMO

Background: Hemophilia is an inherited genetic disease characterized by the inability to coagulate blood after injury. The rationale of the current study was to evaluate serum proteins S and C and correlate to kidney function test in hemophilic patients for early diagnosis of abnormality in renal function. Subjects and Methods: This study was conducted on 80 males subjects divided into four groups. Group I: Control: Healthy subjects. Group II: Renal dysfunction (serum Creatinine >2mg/dl): Group III: Hemophilic patients. Group IV: Hemophilic patients with renal disorder. Serum urea, creatinine, sodium, potassium, protein C and protein S level were determined. Resuts: Protein C and S levels showed a significant decrease in hemophilic/and with renal dysfunction (P < 0.001, p<0.001). The level of plasma protein C and S levels were positively correlated with increased urinary albumin (P < 0.01). Urinary albumin was increased about 15 folds in hemophilic patients with renal dysfunction and nephrotic patients as compared with the control group. The cut-off value in 90% patients at the hemophilic patients with renal dysfunction 70%. Positive correlations were observed between urinary albumin (r=0.66), and creatinine (r=0.73). Conclusion: These biomarkers showed good predictive values with regard to ROC-AUC (0.41 and 0.75 for Proteins C and S, respectively).


Assuntos
Hemofilia A/complicações , Nefropatias/sangue , Proteína C/análise , Proteína S/análise , Biomarcadores/sangue , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Creatinina/sangue , Hemofilia A/sangue , Humanos , Nefropatias/etiologia , Masculino , Potássio/sangue , Sódio/sangue , Ureia/sangue
19.
Afr Health Sci ; 18(3): 720-726, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30603005

RESUMO

Background: The current study evaluated level of serum asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) and its association to cardiac biomarkers in thalassemia patients for early diagnosis of abnormality in myocardial infarction. Subjects and methods: This study was conducted on 80 subjects divided into four groups each with 20 subjects. Group I: Control: healthy subjects. Group II: Myocardial infarction: Patients with elevated serum troponin T. Group III: thalassemia patients. Group IV: thalassemia with myocardial infarction patients: Included 20 thalassemia patients with Myocardial infarction. Serum samples were subjected for assay of creatine kinase (CK:MB), Lactate dehydrogenase, troponin I, ADMA, Serum MDA level was determined. Results: Data obtained showed that serum CKMB, LDH1, AST, Troponin T and ADMA levels were significant elevated in MI with or without Thalassemia compared with control groups. Serum MDA was statistically significantly elevated in MI with or without Thalassemia compared with control groups. The serum level of troponin T showed an area under curve (AUC) of 0.92, (sensitivity 91.0 % and specificity, 88%). Also, the ADMA supported the diagnostic profile, showing an AUC of 0.85 with (sensitivity, 92.0%; specificity, 91,9%). Conclusion: Serum ADMA is sensitive marker for incidence of MI in thalassemia patients.


Assuntos
Arginina/análogos & derivados , Infarto do Miocárdio/etiologia , Talassemia/complicações , Troponina I/sangue , Arginina/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Creatina Quinase Forma MB/sangue , Humanos , L-Lactato Desidrogenase/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Fatores de Risco , Talassemia/sangue
20.
Environ Res ; 162: 35-40, 2018 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29276977

RESUMO

Although studies have examined leaching of bisphenol A (BPA) from dental sealants into saliva, occurrence of BPA, bisphenol A diglycidyl ether (BADGE), and their derivatives in dental sealants themselves has not been investigated. In this study, concentrations of eight bisphenol analogues (BPs), BADGE and its derivatives (BADGEs), including BADGE‧H2O, BADGE‧HCl, BADGE‧2H2O, BADGE‧2HCl, and BADGE‧H2O‧HCl, were determined in 70 dental sealants collected from the U.S. market. Of the 70 dental sealants analyzed, 65 contained at least one of the target chemicals measured. BADGE‧2H2O was the most abundant compound, found at concentrations of up to 1780µg/g. The geometric mean (GM) concentration of total BADGEs was 47.8µg/g, which was two to three orders of magnitude higher than that of total BPs (GM: 539ng/g). BPA was found in 46% of the sealants and BADGEs was found in 87% of the sealants analyzed. Majority of the dental sealants analyzed in this study were manufactured in the United States and Korea; no significant differences were observed in the concentrations of BPs and BADGEs between the two countries. An exposure assessment was made based on the concentrations of BPs and BADGEs measured in sealants and their application rates in dentistry. The worst-case exposure scenario with the highest measured concentration of total BPs and BADGEs and application on 8 teeth at 8mg each yielded an estimated daily intake (EDI) of 1670 and 5850ng/kg·bw/day for adults and children, respectively. Although the EDI is below the specific migration limit set by the European Food Safety Authority, dental sealants are a source of exposure to BPs and BADGEs, especially in children.


Assuntos
Compostos Benzidrílicos , Exposição Ambiental , Compostos de Epóxi , Fenóis , Selantes de Fossas e Fissuras , Adulto , Compostos Benzidrílicos/análise , Criança , Compostos de Epóxi/análise , Humanos , Fenóis/análise , República da Coreia
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