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Mymensingh Med J ; 31(1): 165-171, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34999698


Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic, progressive disease involving the degeneration of cartilage and joint tissue, resulting in pain and disability. Bilateral total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is is an effective intervention that improves quality of life, reduces pain and increases functional capability. This study was performed to compare the functional outcomes between staged and simultaneous total knee arthroplasty. This prospective interventional study was carried out in Arthroscopic and Arthroplasty unit of BSMMU, Dhaka from January 2017 to December 2018. A total of 60 OA patients underwent TKA were included in this study. Thirty patients underwent simultaneous TKA procedure and 30 patients underwent staged TKA procedures performed with 1-6 months between stages were included. Pre-operative and post operative data were collected. Data were analyzed using SPSS 12.0. Numerical data were analyzed using unpaired t test and categorical data were analyzed using Chi-Square test. A value of p<0.05 was considered statistically significant. Mean age of the study subjects was 60.47±10.13 years in staged group and 59.30±9.90 years in simultaneous group. Male to female ratio was 1:1.5 in staged group and 1:2 in simultaneous group. Mean BMI of the study subjects was 30.70±4.91kg/m² in staged group and 30.06±4.79kg/m² in simultaneous group (p>0.05). In both groups, maximum study subjects were housewife (33.3% vs. 33.3%). In staged group 13.3% and 16.7% in simultaneous group were heavy worker; 20.0% in staged group and 16.7% in simultaneous group were medium worker (p>0.05). Pain, motion, stability and function were significantly changed after surgery comparing before surgery.Infection was observed in 10.0% cases in both groups. Stiffness was observed in 10.0% cases in staged group but in 6.7% cases in simultaneous group. Even final outcome showed better in simultaneous procedure, there was no significant difference between two procedures. The outcome of both simultaneous andstaged procedure of bilateral total knee replacement in Advanced Osteoarthritis is similar.

Artroplastia do Joelho , Osteoartrite do Joelho , Idoso , Bangladesh , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Estudos Prospectivos , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
Mymensingh Med J ; 29(1): 202-208, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31915359


Giant cell tumors (GCT) are usually benign bone tumors with aggressive characteristics. Giant cell tumors have a benign indolent course in most patients, but tumors may recur locally in as many as 50% of cases depending on the type of treatment and initial presentation of the tumor. The aim in the management of long bone GCT is to eradicate the tumor and prevent local recurrences. In this study, we retrospectively assessed the functional outcomes in 5 patients having recurrent GCTs of the distal femur treated with custom made modular endoprosthesis following wide resection of the tumor from January 2017 to December 2018 in Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Dhaka, Bangladesh. Tumor Society functional score (MSTS) was used to assess the results of our patients. The mean follow-up period was 13.2 months. We achieved good to excellent results with our mean functional score of 80.66%. To the best of our knowledge, probably first started by us using customized modularendoprosthetic massive replacements for recurrent GCTs in our country. The use of custom made modular mega prosthesis is a simple and technically superior method of feeling the bone defects after wide resection in aggressive recurrent GCTs. In our opinion endoprosthesis replacement for recurrent GCTs had early good to excellent functional results 5.

Neoplasias Femorais/cirurgia , Fêmur/cirurgia , Tumor de Células Gigantes do Osso/cirurgia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Implantação de Prótese , Bangladesh , Fêmur/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Próteses e Implantes , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/efeitos adversos , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
Mymensingh Med J ; 28(1): 126-136, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30755561


Anterior cruciate ligament injury is one of the commonest sports injuries, which often markedly reduces activity and the quality of life. The autologous hamstring double bundle graft and single bundle graft are commonly used for anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. The choice of graft material for ACL reconstruction is believed to play a major role in the outcome but still there are controversies about the graft selection for primary ACL reconstruction. The aim of this study was to compare the clinical and functional outcome of autologous double bundle (DB) hamstring graft and single bundle (SB) hamstring graft reconstruction for the ACL injury. This prospective observational study was conducted in the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Dhaka, Bangladesh from March 2015 to September 2017. Total 42 cases of ACL injury that required reconstruction surgery was selected as per inclusion criteria. Total patients were allocated into two groups. One group was treated by single bundle graft and other group was treated by double bundle graft for the ACL reconstruction. In this study, the mean age of double bundle and single bundle groups were 28±6.63 and 30.14±7.55 years respectively and majority of the subjects were male. The post-operative symptoms and signs were more improved in double bundle group than single bundle group during last follow-up period of 6th months. The Lachman test, Anterior drawer test and pivot sift test were more negative in double bundle group than that of single bundle groups. The Lysholm and Tegner activity were better in double bundle group than single bundle group. Again rotational and anterior stability of the knee was better in the double bundle group. However, the differences were not statistically significant and all patients in our study were able to return their activity. Double bundle group showed better rotational stability than the single bundle groups and all knees were improved by anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction compared with their pre-operative status.

Reconstrução do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/métodos , Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/cirurgia , Tendões/transplante , Adulto , Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior , Reconstrução do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/instrumentação , Bangladesh , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Estudos Prospectivos , Qualidade de Vida , Amplitude de Movimento Articular/fisiologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
Mymensingh Med J ; 27(1): 108-115, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29459600


Graft selection for primary anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction is very important part of knee stability. The purpose of this Qasi experimental study was to compare the clinical outcomes after ACL reconstruction using either a BPTB graft or a four-strand hamstrings graft and conducted from January 2012 to December 2013. Patients presented with a symptomatic unilateral ACL rupture who were underwent ACL reconstruction by using either BPTB or Hamstrings graft, IPD of Department of Orthopedics at Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Dhaka as well as in a private hospital in Dhaka, Bangladesh were selected as study population. Patients were divided into Group A who were treated with the patellar tendon bone graft and Group B patients who were received hamstrings tendon graft. All surgery was performed by the same surgeon and the both procedures were arthroscopically assisted. Operation was performed at least three (03) weeks after initial trauma. All patients were assessed by independent examiner before surgery, at 6 months, 12 months and then annually by clinically. A total number of 70 patients were recruited for this study. The mean age with SD of Group A and Group B were 27.31±10.91 and 26.97±10.10 years respectively (p=0.892). Tegner scores were measured preoperatively and post-operatively. The score were 2.2±1.1 and 2.1±1.0 in preoperatively (p=0.817). In post-operatively the mean score were 6.0±1.7 and 5.8±1.5 in Group A and Group B respectively (p=0.508). Regarding outcome of the operation excellent was 18(51%) cases in both Group A and Group B, good was 15 (43%) and 16(46%) cases in Group A and Group B respectively (p=0.793). In conclusion there was no significant difference between the two groups of the ACL reconstructions cases.

Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior , Reconstrução do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior , Ligamento Patelar , Adolescente , Adulto , Ligamento Cruzado Anterior , Reconstrução do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/métodos , Artroscopia , Bangladesh , Humanos , Ligamento Patelar/transplante , Adulto Jovem
Mymensingh Med J ; 25(3): 495-9, 2016 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27612897


Fracture of tibial shaft is the commonest site of long bone fractures due to its superficial location involving young or middle-age people. Proper management is an important issue regarding the future effective movements. In this study patients were grouped in closed Intra medullary interlocking nailing and locking compression plating. Post-operative follow up at 2 weeks, 6 weeks, 12 weeks and 3 months thereafter up to 6 months were done. Each of the patients was evaluated clinically and radiologically by tucker criteria of Tuker et al. Patients were assessed for pain on full weight bearing and kneeling, shortening and range of motion of knee and ankle joints. Radiological assessment for union of fracture, alignment of fracture and angulations and position of nail and screws and infection were observed during follow up. A total number of 32 patients were selected but only 27 patients were available for follow up for a period of 6 months. They were grouped into Group A, consisting of 15 patients who took the treatment in the form of closed intramedullary interlocking nailing and Group B, consisting of 12 patients those underwent ORIF with locking compression plating. In both of the groups Motor Vehicle Accident was the main mechanism of trauma. Fracture involving the middle 3rd of the tibia is common in both the groups. During post-operative follow up, four patients in Group A complained anterior knee pain, one patient in Group B had superficial infection, most of the patients had no restriction of movement in the ankle and knee joints and a single patient in Group B showed 1.5cm shortening of the lower limb. Period of hospital stay and fracture union time were less in Group A, which was statistically significant. Both groups showed excellent result with minimum complications. So this study permits to conclude that close IM interlocking nailing and open reduction and internal fixation by locking compression plating is equally effective for the management of close fracture shaft of the tibia.

Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas , Fraturas Fechadas , Fraturas da Tíbia , Pinos Ortopédicos , Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas/métodos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tíbia , Fraturas da Tíbia/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
Mymensingh Med J ; 25(3): 500-5, 2016 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27612898


The meniscus is the most commonly injured structure in the knee joint. Carefully performed clinical examination can give better diagnosis of meniscal tear. The aim of this study was to find out the correlation between clinical and arthroscopic findings in meniscal tear of knee. This cross sectional observational study was conducted in the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, BSMMU, Dhaka from July 2012 to June 2014. Thirty patients of meniscal tear were selected as per inclusion and exclusion criteria. After proper evaluation and clinical examination of these patient arthroscopic examinations was done under spinal anesthesia. A total number of 30 patients were recruited in this study. Twenty seven (90%) patients were male and only 3(10%) were female. Mean±SD of age was 26.00±5.55 and range was 17-34 years. Out of 30 patients 19(63.3%) had right knee affected and the rest 11(36.7%) had left knee affected. It was found from clinical diagnosis that most of the patients had MM injury (73.4%) and LM injury was in 26.6% patients. From arthroscopic diagnosis we found most of the patients had multiple types of injury (40.0%) followed by 26.7% patents had isolated MM injury, 16.6% patients had isolated LM injury, 10.0% patients had other injuries like ACL, PCL or MCL and rest 6.7% patients had no injury at all. Sensitivity, specificity, PPV, NPV and accuracy of clinical diagnosis in diagnosis of MM injury were 94.4%, 58.3%, 77.3%, 87.5% and 80.0% respectively. Sensitivity, specificity, PPV, NPV and accuracy of clinical diagnosis in diagnosis of LM injury were 85.7%, 91.3%, 75.0%, 95.5% and 90.0% respectively. Clinical evaluation may diagnose meniscal tear accurately.

Traumatismos do Joelho , Lesões do Menisco Tibial , Adulto , Artroscopia , Bangladesh , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Traumatismos do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulação do Joelho , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Lesões do Menisco Tibial/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto Jovem