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Sci Rep ; 9(1): 13985, 2019 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31562376


Ti6Al4V alloy orthopedic implants are widely used as Ti6Al4V alloy is a biocompatible material and resistant to corrosion. However, Ti6Al4V alloy has higher Young's modulus compared with human bone. The difference of elastic modulus between bone and titanium alloy may evoke clinical problems because of stress shielding. To resolve this, we previously developed a TiNbSn alloy offering low Young's modulus and improved biocompatibility. In the present study, the effects of sulfuric acid anodic oxidation on the osseointegration of TiNbSn alloy were assessed. The apatite formation was evaluated with Scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy analyses. The biocompatibility of TiNbSN alloy was evaluated in experimental animal models using pull-out tests and quantitative histological analyses. The results of the surface analyses indicated that sulfuric anodic oxidation induced abundant superficial apatite formation of the TiNbSn alloy disks and rods, with a 5.1-µm-thick oxide layer and submicron-sized pores. In vivo, treated rods showed increased mature lamellar bone formation and higher failure loads compared with untreated rods. Overall, our findings indicate that anodic oxidation with sulfuric acid may help to improve the biocompatibility of TiNbSn alloys for osseointegration.

Orthop Rev (Pavia) ; 5(3): e22, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24191182


Recently, a remnant-preserving anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction technique has been developed. However, the preoperative condition of remnant ACL is occasionally difficult to evaluate by magnetic resonance imaging. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the accuracy of pre-operative visualization of remnant ACL using three-dimensional computed tomography (3D-CT). The remnant ACL in 25 patients was examined by 3DCT before ACL reconstruction surgery. Findings on 3D-CT images and arthroscopy were compared. The 3D-CT images were classified into 4 groups: Group A, remnant fibers attached to the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL); Group B, those located between the PCL and the lateral wall; Group C, those attached to the lateral wall; and Group D, no identifiable remnant fibers on the tibial side. These groups were made up of 4, 3, 9 and 9 patients, respectively. Findings on 3D-CT images were identical to those during arthroscopy in 20 of 25 cases (80%). Remnant ACL can be accurately evaluated using 3D-CT in 80% of cases of torn ACL. This novel method is a useful technique for pre-operative assessment of remnant ACL.