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1.
Healthcare (Basel) ; 9(5)2021 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34065006

RESUMO

Psychological distress is common in patients with soft tissue and bone tumors. We first investigated its frequency and the associated risk factors in patients with pre-operative bone and soft tissue tumors. Participants included 298 patients with bone and soft tissue tumors who underwent surgery in our institution between 2015 and 2020. Psychological distress was evaluated by the Distress and Impact Thermometer (DIT) that consists of two types of questions (questions about the severity of the patient's distress (DIT-D) and its impact (DIT-I)). We used a cut-off point of 4 on the DIT-D and 3 on the DIT-I for screening patients with psychological distress. We therefore investigated: (1) the prevalence of psychological distress as assessed with DIT or distress thermometer (DT), which can be decided by DIT-D ≥ 4, (2) what are the risk factors for the prevalence of psychological distress, and (3) what is the number of patients who consulted a psychiatrist for psychological distress in patients with pre-operative bone and soft tissue tumors. With DIT and DT, we identified 64 patients (21%) and 95 patients (32%), respectively, with psychological distress. Multivariate logistic regression revealed that older age, sex (female), malignancy (malignant or intermediate tumor), a lower Barthel Index, and higher numeric rating scale were risk factors for psychological distress. Two patients (3%) consulted a psychiatrist after surgery. In conclusion, careful attention to psychological distress is needed, especially for female patients, older patients, and those with malignant soft or bone tissue tumors who have more than moderate pain.

2.
Cancer Chemother Pharmacol ; 88(3): 513-524, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34114067

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Osteosarcoma (OS) is a malignant bone tumor primarily affecting children and adolescents. The prognosis of chemotherapy-refractory OS patients is poor. We developed a tumor suppressor p53-expressing oncolytic adenovirus (OBP-702) that exhibits antitumor effects against human OS cells. Here, we demonstrate the chemosensitizing effect of OBP-702 in human OS cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The in vitro and in vivo antitumor activities of doxorubicin (DOX) and OBP-702 were assessed using parental and DOX-resistant OS cells (U2OS, MNNG/HOS) and a DOX-resistant MNNG/HOS xenograft tumor model. RESULTS: DOX-resistant OS cells exhibited high multidrug resistant 1 (MDR1) expression, which was suppressed by OBP-702 or MDR1 siRNA, resulting in enhanced DOX-induced apoptosis. Compared to monotherapy, OBP-702 and DOX combination therapy significantly suppressed tumor growth in the DOX-resistant MNNG/HOS xenograft tumor model. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that MDR1 is an attractive therapeutic target for chemoresistant OS. Tumor-specific virotherapy is thus a promising strategy for reversing chemoresistance in OS patients via suppression of MDR1 expression.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas/tratamento farmacológico , Doxorrubicina/farmacologia , Terapia Viral Oncolítica/métodos , Osteossarcoma/tratamento farmacológico , Subfamília B de Transportador de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/genética , Animais , Antibióticos Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias Ósseas/genética , Neoplasias Ósseas/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Osteossarcoma/genética , Osteossarcoma/patologia , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
3.
Cancers (Basel) ; 13(5)2021 Mar 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33802565

RESUMO

Sarcomas are complex tissues in which sarcoma cells maintain intricate interactions with their tumor microenvironment. Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) are a major component of tumor-infiltrating immune cells in the tumor microenvironment and have a dominant role as orchestrators of tumor-related inflammation. TAMs promote tumor growth and metastasis, stimulate angiogenesis, mediate immune suppression, and limit the antitumor activity of conventional chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Evidence suggests that the increased infiltration of TAMs and elevated expression of macrophage-related genes are associated with poor prognoses in most solid tumors, whereas evidence of this in sarcomas is limited. Based on these findings, TAM-targeted therapeutic strategies, such as inhibition of CSF-1/CSF-1R, CCL2/CCR2, and CD47/SIRPα, have been developed and are currently being evaluated in clinical trials. While most of the therapeutic challenges that target sarcoma cells have been unsuccessful and the prognosis of sarcomas has plateaued since the 1990s, several clinical trials of these strategies have yielded promising results and warrant further investigation to determine their translational benefit in sarcoma patients. This review summarizes the roles of TAMs in sarcomas and provides a rationale and update of TAM-targeted therapy as a novel treatment approach for sarcomas.

4.
PLoS One ; 16(4): e0250643, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33886686

RESUMO

Soft tissue sarcoma (STS) is a rare cancer that develops from soft tissues in any part of the body. Despite major advances in the treatment of STS, patients are often refractory to conventional radiotherapy, leading to poor prognosis. Enhancement of sensitivity to radiotherapy would therefore improve the clinical outcome of STS patients. We previously revealed that the tumor-specific, replication-competent oncolytic adenovirus OBP-301 kills human sarcoma cells. In this study, we investigated the radiosensitizing effect of OBP-301 in human STS cells. The in vitro antitumor effect of OBP-301 and ionizing radiation in monotherapy or combination therapy was assessed using highly radiosensitive (RD-ES and SK-ES-1) and moderately radiosensitive (HT1080 and NMS-2) STS cell lines. The expression of markers for apoptosis and DNA damage were evaluated in STS cells after treatment. The therapeutic potential of combination therapy was further analyzed using SK-ES-1 and HT1080 cells in subcutaneous xenograft tumor models. The combination of OBP-301 and ionizing radiation showed a synergistic antitumor effect in all human STS cell lines tested, including those that show different radiosensitivity. OBP-301 was found to enhance irradiation-induced apoptosis and DNA damage via suppression of anti-apoptotic myeloid cell leukemia 1 (MCL1), which was expressed at higher levels in moderately radiosensitive cell lines. The combination of OBP-301 and ionizing radiation showed a more profound antitumor effect compared to monotherapy in SK-ES-1 (highly radiosensitive) and HT1080 (moderately radiosensitive) subcutaneous xenograft tumors. OBP-301 is a promising antitumor reagent to improve the therapeutic potential of radiotherapy by increasing radiation-induced apoptosis in STS.


Assuntos
Proteína de Sequência 1 de Leucemia de Células Mieloides/metabolismo , Tolerância a Radiação , Sarcoma/terapia , Neoplasias de Tecidos Moles/terapia , Adenoviridae/genética , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos da radiação , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos da radiação , Terapia Combinada , Dano ao DNA/efeitos da radiação , Feminino , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Proteína de Sequência 1 de Leucemia de Células Mieloides/genética , Terapia Viral Oncolítica , Radiação Ionizante , Sarcoma/metabolismo , Sarcoma/patologia , Sarcoma/radioterapia , Neoplasias de Tecidos Moles/metabolismo , Neoplasias de Tecidos Moles/patologia , Neoplasias de Tecidos Moles/radioterapia , Transplante Heterólogo
5.
Cancers (Basel) ; 13(8)2021 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33920416

RESUMO

The lack of noninvasive biomarkers that can be used for tumor monitoring is a major problem for soft-tissue sarcomas. Here we describe a sensitive analytical technique for tumor monitoring by detecting circulating extracellular vesicles (EVs) of patients with synovial sarcoma (SS). The proteomic analysis of purified EVs from SYO-1, HS-SY-II, and YaFuSS identified 199 common proteins. DAVID GO analysis identified monocarboxylate transporter 1 (MCT1) as a surface marker of SS-derived EVs, which was also highly expressed in SS patient-derived EVs compared with healthy individuals. MCT1+CD9+ EVs were also detected from SS-bearing mice and their expression levels were significantly correlated with tumor volume (p = 0.003). Furthermore, serum levels of MCT1+CD9+ EVs reflected tumor burden in SS patients. Immunohistochemistry revealed that MCT1 was positive in 96.7% of SS specimens and its expression on the cytoplasm/plasma membrane was significantly associated with worse overall survival (p = 0.002). Silencing of MCT1 reduced the cellular viability, and migration and invasion capability of SS cells. This work describes a new liquid biopsy technique to sensitively monitor SS using circulating MCT1+CD9+ EVs and indicates the therapeutic potential of MCT1 in SS.

6.
Jpn J Clin Oncol ; 51(4): 523-537, 2021 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33611603

RESUMO

Sarcomas are a heterogeneous group of malignancies of mesenchymal origin; their molecular and genomic mechanisms differ with regard to histology. These characteristics lead to the presentation of varied immunological profiles based on the tumor microenvironment. Various immunotherapies are considered for the treatment of sarcoma. These treatments are performed either in isolation or in combination with other methods such as cytotoxic chemotherapy or the use of molecular target agents. Among these, two recently emerging immunotherapies include T-cell receptor gene therapy and immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy, which are expected to be effective for many types of sarcoma. A sarcoma with a disease-specific translocation and a limited number of mutations, such as synovial sarcoma, expresses high levels of self-antigens, like the New York esophageal squamous cell carcinoma 1, which has been targeted in T-cell receptor gene therapy. On the other hand, sarcomas with a greater number of mutations, such as undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcomas, myxofibrosarcoma and dedifferentiated liposarcomas, can be good candidates for immune checkpoint inhibitors. Among immune checkpoint inhibitor therapies, programmed cell death-1 blockade (nivolumab and pembrolizumab) and cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 blockade (ipilimumab) have been investigated most often in sarcoma. Although the sole use of immune checkpoint inhibitors provides limited efficacy, combined immunotherapy with immune checkpoint inhibitors or molecular target agents, especially antiangiogenic agents, has shown moderate results against some types of sarcoma, such as the alveolar soft part sarcoma. Several clinical trials utilizing immunotherapy, including T-cell receptor gene therapy and immune checkpoint inhibitors, in sarcomas are under progress. By clarifying the tumor microenvironment and biomarker-predictive capacity of immunotherapy in sarcomas, better clinical trials can be designed; this could lead to improved outcomes for immunotherapy in sarcoma.


Assuntos
Imunoterapia , Sarcoma/imunologia , Sarcoma/terapia , Antígenos de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Vacinas Anticâncer/imunologia , Humanos , Sarcoma/patologia , Microambiente Tumoral
7.
Transl Oncol ; 14(1): 100960, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33395745

RESUMO

Paired related homeobox 1 (PRRX1) is a marker of limb bud mesenchymal cells, and deficiency of p53 or Rb in Prrx1-positive cells induces osteosarcoma in several mouse models. However, the regulatory roles of PRRX1 in human osteosarcoma have not been defined. In this study, we performed PRRX1 immunostaining on 35 human osteosarcoma specimens to assess the correlation between PRRX1 level and overall survival. In patients with osteosarcoma, the expression level of PRRX1 positively correlated with poor prognosis or the ratio of lung metastasis. Additionally, we found PRRX1 expression on in 143B cells, a human osteosarcoma line with a high metastatic capacity. Downregulation of PRRX1 not only suppressed proliferation and invasion but also increased the sensitivity to cisplatin and doxorubicin. When 143B cells were subcutaneously transplanted into nude mice, PRRX1 knockdown decreased tumor sizes and rates of lung metastasis. Interestingly, forskolin, a chemical compound identified by Connectivity Map analysis using RNA expression signatures during PRRX1 knockdown, decreased tumor proliferation and cell migration to the same degree as PRRX1 knockdown. These results demonstrate that PRRX1 promotes tumor malignancy in human osteosarcoma.

8.
Cancer Immunol Immunother ; 70(5): 1405-1417, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33151368

RESUMO

Immune checkpoint inhibitors including anti-programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) antibody have recently improved clinical outcome in certain cancer patients; however, osteosarcoma (OS) patients are refractory to PD-1 blockade. Oncolytic virotherapy has emerged as novel immunogenic therapy to augment antitumor immune response. We developed a telomerase-specific replication-competent oncolytic adenovirus OBP-502 that induces lytic cell death via binding to integrins. In this study, we assessed the combined effect of PD-1 blockade and OBP-502 in OS cells. The expression of coxsackie and adenovirus receptor (CAR), integrins αvß3 and αvß5, and programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) was analyzed in two murine OS cells (K7M2, NHOS). The cytopathic activity of OBP-502 in both cells was analyzed using the XTT assay. OBP-502-induced immunogenic cell death was assessed by analyzing the level of extracellular ATP and high-mobility group box protein B1 (HMGB1). Subcutaneous tumor models for K7M2 and NHOS cells were used to evaluate the antitumor effect and number of tumor-infiltrating CD8+ cells in combination therapy. K7M2 and NHOS cells showed high expression of integrins αvß3 and αvß5, but not CAR. OBP-502 significantly suppressed the viability of both cells, in which PD-L1 expression and the release of ATP and HMGB1 were significantly increased. Intratumoral injection of OBP-502 significantly augmented the efficacy of PD-1 blockade on subcutaneous K2M2 and NHOS tumor models via enhancement of tumor-infiltrating CD8+ T cells. Our results suggest that telomerase-specific oncolytic virotherapy is a promising antitumor strategy to promote the efficacy of PD-1 blockade in OS.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/uso terapêutico , Imunoterapia/métodos , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/imunologia , Terapia Viral Oncolítica/métodos , Osteossarcoma/terapia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/terapia , Adenoviridae/genética , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/antagonistas & inibidores , Telomerase/genética
9.
Surg Today ; 51(1): 127-135, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32747982

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Sarcomas are among the most refractory malignant tumors and often recur as pulmonary metastasis. Although the presence of a high neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) has been associated with the prognosis of several malignancies, the relationship between the NLR and sarcoma with pulmonary metastasis is unclear. We investigated the impact of the NLR in patients who underwent surgical resection for metastatic lung tumors from various sarcomas. METHODS: The subjects of this retrospective study were 158 patients with metastatic lung tumors from various sarcomas, who underwent initial pulmonary metastasectomy between 2006 and 2015. We examined the clinicopathological variables, including the NLR and the characteristics of surgical procedures. Survival was estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method and prognostic factors were evaluated by multivariate analysis. RESULTS: Multivariate analysis revealed significantly better survival of the group with an NLR < 2.26 immediately before the most recent pulmonary metastasectomy, in addition to such factors as the largest resected lesion being < 22 mm, a disease-free interval of > 2 years, and 3 or more pulmonary metastasectomies. CONCLUSION: The NLR immediately before the most recent pulmonary metastasectomy is a novel independent prognostic factor, which may be helpful when considering repeated pulmonary metastasectomy.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Contagem de Leucócitos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/secundário , Contagem de Linfócitos , Neutrófilos , Sarcoma/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pneumonectomia/métodos , Prognóstico , Reoperação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
10.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 21578, 2020 12 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33299043

RESUMO

Unidirectional porous hydroxyapatite (UDPHAp) was developed as an excellent scaffold with unidirectional pores oriented in the horizontal direction with interpore connections. The purpose of this study was to assess radiographic changes and clinical outcomes and complications following UDPHAp implantation to treat benign bone tumors. We retrospectively analyzed 44 patients treated with intralesional resection and UDPHAp implantation for benign bone tumors between 2010 and 2015. Clinical and radiographic findings were evaluated postoperatively at regular follow-up visits. The mean follow-up was 49 months. Radiographic changes were classified into five stages based on bone formation in the implanted UDPHAp according to Tamai's classification. All patients showed excellent bone formation inside and around implanted UDPHAp. Absorption of UDPHAp and bone marrow cavity remodeling was identified in 20 patients at a mean of 17 months postoperatively, and was significantly more common in young patients. Preoperative cortical thinning was completely regenerated in 26 of 31 patients on average 10 months after surgery. There were no cases of delayed wound healing, postoperative infection, or allergic reaction related to implanted UDPHAp. UDPHAp is a useful bone-filling substitute for treating benign bone tumor, and the use of this material has a low complication rate.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas/tratamento farmacológico , Substitutos Ósseos/uso terapêutico , Durapatita/uso terapêutico , Fêmur/efeitos dos fármacos , Cicatrização/efeitos dos fármacos , Adolescente , Neoplasias Ósseas/diagnóstico por imagem , Substitutos Ósseos/administração & dosagem , Transplante Ósseo , Criança , Durapatita/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Fêmur/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Microtomografia por Raio-X
11.
Clin Orthop Relat Res ; 478(11): 2550-2561, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33112583

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dedifferentiated liposarcoma (DDLPS) is a rare malignancy that transitions from an atypical lipomatous tumor to a sarcoma with a variable morphologic appearance. The behavior of this tumor in the retroperitoneum is aggressive, but the behavior of DDLPS in the extremities is less well-defined because it is rare. Few reports have assessed the imaging features and clinical outcomes of primary DDLPS in the extremities. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: In patients with primary DDLPS of the extremity, we asked the following questions: (1) How frequently do additional primary malignancies occur in patients with DDLPS? (2) What is the rate of overall survival, metastases, and local recurrence in DDLPS? (3) What factors are associated with metastasis-free survival and local recurrence in DDLPS? METHODS: We defined DDLPS as a biphasic neoplasm that transitions from an atypical lipomatous tumor (ALT) to a sarcoma of variable morphologic appearance and histologic grades. We retrospectively evaluated the medical records of patients with DDLPS of the extremities who underwent surgery in our institution between 2003 and 2017. During that time, 16 patients were treated for this diagnosis; one was excluded from this study because the patient did not have an MRI, leaving 15 patients (nine men, six women; their median [range] age was 67 years [42 to 87]) for evaluation. All had a minimum of 2 years follow-up (median [range] 54 months [25 to 136]); 14 of 15 have been seen in the last 5 years (one patient, who was doing well at the time, was lost after 9 years of follow-up). In 11 patients, MRI demonstrated two components: an ALT component with high intensity on both T1-weighed and T2-weighted sequences and a dedifferentiated component low-to-intermediate intensity on T1-weighed and heterogeneous hyperintensity on T2-weighted sequence. Nine patients were evaluated using 2-deoxy-2-18F-fluoro-D-glucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) combined with CT (PET/CT). PET/CT showed a biphasic pattern with a close relationship to MRI findings. The dedifferentiated component presented with high FDG uptake (median [range] maximum standardized uptake value 5.1 [1.9 to 22.6]), while the atypical lipomatous tumor component showed almost no FDG uptake. In all patients, immunohistochemical studies of p16 and cyclin-dependent kinase-4 (CDK4) were investigated. Positive staining for both p16 and CDK4 were seen in 13 of 15 patients.We retrospectively evaluated the electronic medical records of all patients in our institution for the presence of additional primary malignancies, local recurrence-free survival, metastasis-free survival, and overall survival. The survival rate was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. The Wilcoxon exact test was used to determine the prognostic importance of the following survival variables: age, sex, maximum tumor size, radiotherapy, and surgical margin. RESULTS: Seven additional primary malignancies developed in five of 15 patients (two lung cancers, two sarcomas, one renal cell cancer, one uterine cancer, and one non-Hodgkin lymphoma). The 3- and 5-year metastasis-free survival rates were 86% (95% CI 0.67 to 1.00) and 75% (95% CI 0.49 to 1.00), respectively. With the numbers available, we found no factors associated with metastasis-free survival. The 3- and 5-year overall survival rates were 100% (95% CI 1.00 to 1.00) and 88% (95% CI 0.65 to 1.00), respectively. Three of 15 patients had local recurrence. The 3- and 5-year local recurrence-free survival rates were 86% (95% CI 0.67 to 1.00) and 75% (95% CI 0.49 to 1.00), respectively. Large (> 15 cm) tumors were more likely to have a local recurrence (p = 0.04). CONCLUSIONS: In this small series, we found that the extremities are a favorable site for DDLPS compared with the retroperitoneum, although we did not directly compare the two sites. This rare tumor has a relatively high likelihood of being associated with other malignancies. We believe patients should be assessed and monitored carefully for this possibility. In the future, larger studies are needed to better define predictors of local recurrence, although the tumor's size may be associated with a greater propensity for local recurrence. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level II, prognostic study.


Assuntos
Extremidades/patologia , Extremidades/cirurgia , Lipossarcoma/mortalidade , Lipossarcoma/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Extremidades/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Lipossarcoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Lipossarcoma/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
12.
Cancer Manag Res ; 12: 10017-10022, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33116858

RESUMO

Background: The outcomes of unplanned surgery for bone sarcomas have not been frequently discussed. However, it is important to recognize patterns, treatment, and clinical outcomes of unplanned surgeries for patients with bone sarcomas. This multicenter study aimed to characterize the clinical outcomes of patients with bone sarcomas who underwent unplanned surgeries. Patients and Methods: Data of 43 patients with bone sarcomas who underwent unplanned surgery between 2006 and 2017 were obtained from 23 hospitals in Japan. These included 18 cases of osteosarcoma, 9 of Ewing sarcoma, 8 of chondrosarcoma, and 6 of undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma. The study included 28 men and 15 women, with a mean age of 46 years. The mean follow-up duration was 59 months. Results: The main primary tumor sites were the femur (n = 19), spine (n = 6), pelvis (n = 5), tibia (n = 3), and humerus (n = 3). The primary diagnoses were benign bone tumor (n = 24), trauma (n = 7), bone metastasis (n = 5), osteomyelitis (n = 4), degeneration (n=2), and unknown (n = 1). As unplanned surgeries, curettage, with or without bone graft, was performed in 26 patients; internal fixation was performed in 7; spinal surgery in 5; arthroplasty in 4; and arthroscopy in one. Thirty-eight patients received additional standard treatments. Thirty-four of these patients underwent surgical tumor resections, including amputation (n = 10), and the remaining 4 received radiotherapy or carbon ion radiotherapy as additional standard treatments. The 5-year disease-specific survival (DSS) rates in patients with osteosarcoma, Ewing sarcoma, and chondrosarcoma were 65.5%, 58.3%, and 72.9%, respectively. Twelve (27.9%) patients developed local recurrences (LR); among the total 43 patients studied, the 5-year DSS rates were significantly worse for those who developed LR compared to those who did not (p = 0.03). The 5-year DSS rates in patients with and without LR were 44% and 73.8%, respectively. Conclusion: We recommend that patients who have undergone unplanned surgery be administered standard treatment, including the option of amputation because herein, LR was shown to be a risk factor for decreased DSS.

13.
Oncol Lett ; 20(3): 2977-2986, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32782615

RESUMO

The effect of nivolumab and the relation between bone response and tumor control in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with bone metastases are not clear. The outcome of nivolumab monotherapy was investigated, and whether the response of bone metastases is useful as an early predictor of tumor control in patients with NSCLC with bone metastases was examined. The participants included 15 patients who received nivolumab monotherapy for NSCLC with bone metastases in our institution between 2015 and 2017. Tumor control was defined using Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors, version 1.1 (RECIST1.1). Response of bone metastases was assessed by the MD Anderson response criteria (MDA criteria). Responses according to RECIST1.1 and the MDA criteria were classified as responder (complete response or partial response) and non-responder [progressive disease (PD) or stable disease]. Progression-free survival (PFS) was investigated using the Kaplan-Meier method. With RECIST1.1, the overall response rate was 20%. Multivariate analysis showed that the MDA criteria were the only risk factor for patients with PD (RECIST1.1). Median PFS was 1.9 months, with PFS of 20% at 6 months. Univariate analysis showed that being a non-responder according to the MDA criteria was the only risk factor for PFS. In patients who were responders (MDA criteria) within 3 months, PFS was 83 and 50% at 3 and 6 months, respectively, though all non-responder (MDA criteria) patients converted to PD (RECIST1.1) within 3 months. Response according to RECIST1.1 was significantly correlated with response according to the MDA criteria (P<0.05). In patients who were both responders according to RECIST1.1 and the MDA criteria, time to response with the MDA criteria (1.4-2.0 months) was earlier than with RECIST1.1 (2.8-3.0 months) in all patients. In conclusion, application of the MDA criteria within 2 months of nivolumab monotherapy is useful for early prediction of response and prognosis in patients with NSCLC with bone metastases.

14.
Cancer Sci ; 111(9): 3303-3312, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32579783

RESUMO

Alveolar soft part sarcoma (ASPS), epithelioid sarcoma (ES), and clear cell sarcoma (CCS) are known to be chemoresistant tumors. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of pazopanib on these chemoresistant tumors. This study is designed as a single-arm, multicenter, investigator-initiated phase II trial. Patient enrollment was undertaken between July 2016 and August 2018 at 10 hospitals participating in the Japanese Musculoskeletal Oncology Group. The primary end-point is the CBR (CBR, including complete or partial response and stable disease) at 12 weeks after treatment with pazopanib according to RECIST. Eight patients were enrolled within the period. The histological subtypes were 5 ASPS, 2 ES, and 1 CCS. The median follow-up period was 22.2 (range, 4.9-24.9) months. All patients initially received pazopanib 800 mg once daily. The CBRs were 87.5% (7 of 8) and 75.0% (6 of 8) according to RECIST and Choi criteria at 12 weeks after pazopanib treatment, respectively. The CBRs at 12 weeks according to RECIST were 80.0%, 100.0%, and 100.0% in ASPS, ES, and CCS, respectively. Partial response was observed in 1 ASPS according to RECIST and 3 ASPS and 1 ES according to Choi criteria at 12 weeks after pazopanib treatment. This study documented antitumor activity of pazopanib, especially in ASPS. These results support the frontline use of pazopanib for ASPS. Prospective data collection is desired using both RECIST and Choi criteria for these rare chemoresistant tumors.


Assuntos
Inibidores da Angiogênese/uso terapêutico , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Pirimidinas/uso terapêutico , Sarcoma/tratamento farmacológico , Sarcoma/patologia , Sulfonamidas/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Inibidores da Angiogênese/administração & dosagem , Inibidores da Angiogênese/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Japão , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Pirimidinas/administração & dosagem , Pirimidinas/efeitos adversos , Sarcoma/terapia , Sulfonamidas/administração & dosagem , Sulfonamidas/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
15.
Cancer Sci ; 111(8): 2935-2942, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32539220

RESUMO

This study was undertaken to clarify the risk factors, including the mutation status of CTNNB1, for the local recurrence after surgery of the rare disease desmoid-type fibromatosis. It was designed as a multiinstitutional joint research project with 7 major centers in Japan participating. The committee members of 7 major medical centers specializing in bone and soft tissue tumors formed this study group to develop clinical care guidelines. Of 196 cases with specimens and medical records collected from the 7 institutions, 88 surgically treated ones were analyzed regarding clinicopathologic prognostic factors including CTNNB1 mutation status. Excluding R2 cases (n = 3), 5-year local recurrence-free survival (LRFS) was 52.9%. No case had received pre- or postoperative radiotherapy. Univariate analysis revealed that extremity location (P < .001) and larger size (8 cm or more, P = .036) were significant adverse risk factors for LRFS. Multivariate analysis indicated that extremity location (P < .001) was a significantly adverse factor in addition to recurrent tumor (P = .041), S45F mutation (P = .028), and R1 surgical margin (P = .039). Preoperative drug treatment, including nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs, did not reduce the incidence of local recurrence (P = .199). This is the first study to analyze the factors correlating with outcomes of surgical treatment, including CTNNB1 mutation status, in a relatively large number of cases from an Asian country. Tumor location was found to be the most influential prognostic factor for local recurrence, similar to the results from Europe and North America. The development of more sensitive method(s) for determination of CTNNB1 mutation is a priority for future study.


Assuntos
Fibromatose Agressiva/cirurgia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , beta Catenina/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Análise Mutacional de DNA/estatística & dados numéricos , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Fibromatose Agressiva/genética , Fibromatose Agressiva/mortalidade , Fibromatose Agressiva/patologia , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Margens de Excisão , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/genética , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Prognóstico , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
16.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 9414, 2020 06 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32523124

RESUMO

Infiltrative tumor growth into adjacent soft tissues is a major cause of the frequent recurrence and tumor-related death of myxofibrosarcoma (MFS), but no useful biomarkers reflecting tumor burden and infiltrative growth are available. While emerging evidence suggests a diagnostic and functional role of extracellular/circulating microRNA (miRNA) in various malignant diseases, their significance in MFS patients remains unknown. Global miRNA profiling identified four upregulated miRNAs in MFS patient sera and culture media of MFS cells. Among these, serum miR-1260b level was significantly upregulated in patient serum discriminating from healthy individuals and closely correlated with clinical status and tumor dynamics in MFS-bearing mice. In addition, high miR-1260b expression in serum was correlated with radiological tail-like patterns, characteristic of the infiltrative MFS. The extracellular miR-1260b was embedded in tumor-derived extracellular vesicles (EVs) and promoted cellular invasion of MFS through the downregulation of PCDH9 in the adjacent normal fibroblasts. Collectively, circulating miR-1260b expression may represent a novel diagnostic target for tumor monitoring of this highly aggressive sarcoma. Moreover, EV-miR-1260b could act as a transfer messenger to adjacent cells and mediate the infiltrative growth of MFS, providing new insights into the mechanism of infiltrative nature via crosstalk between tumor cells and their microenvironment.


Assuntos
MicroRNA Circulante/genética , Fibrossarcoma/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Transcriptoma/genética , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Animais , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Regulação para Baixo/genética , Vesículas Extracelulares/genética , Feminino , Fibroblastos/patologia , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Histiocitoma Fibroso Maligno/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/genética , Neoplasias de Tecidos Moles/genética , Microambiente Tumoral/genética , Regulação para Cima/genética
17.
Jpn J Clin Oncol ; 50(5): 568-573, 2020 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32115624

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Desmoid tumors are rare soft tissue tumors. Wide local excision has been the standard surgical treatment for desmoid tumors. However, this procedure results in high local recurrence rates, so non-surgical treatments should be considered. The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the effect of radiation therapy on patients with desmoid tumors, especially those with unresectable disease. METHODS: We evaluated studies published between 1 January 1990 and 31 August 2017 and cited in PubMed and Ichushi (in Japanese). All studies evaluating the effect of radiation therapy on desmoid tumors were included. Data regarding radiation dose, recurrence and adverse events were recorded. RESULTS: Among 218 identified studies, only 6 were finally included in this review. Local control was achieved in 253 of 317 patients with unresectable or unresected tumors who underwent definitive radiation therapy (the crude rate of local control was 79.8%). Toxicity was evaluated in patients who underwent definitive radiation therapy or surgery plus radiation therapy. One of the most common acute complications was skin toxicity. Frequent late complications of radiation therapy included fibrosis/contracture/joint stiffness, skin disorders, lymphedema and pain. Six patients developed secondary malignancies in the radiation field. CONCLUSIONS: In patients treated unsuccessfully with surgery, watchful waiting and pharmacotherapy, radiation therapy may be an option as salvage therapy because of the high rate of local control. Because desmoid tumors frequently develop in young individuals, children and young patients who receive radiation therapy for the treatment of desmoid tumors should be followed up on a long-term basis with periodic monitoring for late radiation toxicities.


Assuntos
Fibromatose Agressiva/radioterapia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Viés de Publicação , Risco , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
18.
Oncol Lett ; 19(4): 3137-3144, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32218864

RESUMO

Malignant spinal cord compression (MSCC) is a serious complication of cancers. The present study aimed to establish a multidisciplinary treatment system for urgent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and referral to orthopedists in order to prevent neurological deficits caused by MSCC. In the present study, the extent to which this system achieved early diagnosis and treatment and prevented MSCC-caused neurological deficits was examined. The records from patients with neurological deficits caused by MSCC before (between April 2007 and March 2012; group A) and after (between April 2012 and March 2017; group B) the establishment of the multidisciplinary system at the Shikoku Cancer Center (Ehime, Japan) were retrospectively evaluated. The numbers of patients with neurological deficits were 38 and 7 in groups A and B, respectively. All patients received radiotherapy. The incidence of neurological deficits was 13.2 and 3.4% in groups A and B, respectively (P<0.001). The proportion of patients with improvement in the severity of neurological deficits was 5.3 and 28.6% in groups A and B, respectively (P<0.001). The interval between physicians' recognition of a neurological deficit and MRI and the start of treatment, the number of cases, and the severity of neurological deficits were evaluated in groups A and B. The median interval between recognition of a neurological deficit by physicians and MRI was 3 and 0 days in groups A and B, respectively (P<0.001). The median interval between physicians' recognition of a neurological deficit and the start of treatment was 3 and 0 days in groups A and B, respectively (P<0.001). By using a multidisciplinary treatment system, the incidence and severity of neurological deficits following treatment were significantly improved. Therefore, the multidisciplinary treatment system used in the present study may be useful for early diagnosis, treatment and prevention of MSCC in patients with bone metastases.

19.
Cancer Med ; 9(11): 3656-3667, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32220056

RESUMO

The time course of the response to each drug is important to avoid inappropriate termination of treatment by misjudging tumor progression; however, little is known about soft tissue sarcoma (STS) regarding this matter. This study aimed to perform a time-lapse analysis of tumor response in patients with STS treated with trabectedin from 2 phase II clinical trials. We examined 66 patients with translocation-related sarcoma registered in 2 Japanese phase II clinical trials. All patients previously received standard therapy before the administration of trabectedin at 1.2 mg/m2 every 3 weeks. Imaging evaluation was performed according to the study protocol. The sum of the maximum diameters of the target lesions was calculated and analyzed over time. Among the 66 patients, 9 (13.6%) showed partial response (PR) to trabectedin. Histological diagnoses of these 9 responders comprised 6 myxoid liposarcoma, 2 synovial sarcoma, and a mesenchymal chondrosarcoma. The median period from treatment initiation to the first PR was 123 (range, 34-328) days. The pattern of tumor response to trabectedin showed an increasing tendency in size in the initial stage, usually followed by a size decrease with repeated administration. STS response to trabectedin was characterized as delayed and potentially persistent. Clinicians treating STS with trabectedin should know the features of the response pattern to avoid interrupting the treatment before maximal efficacy is achieved.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Alquilantes/uso terapêutico , Sarcoma/patologia , Trabectedina/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Ensaios Clínicos Fase II como Assunto , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Prognóstico , Sarcoma/tratamento farmacológico , Imagem com Lapso de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
20.
J Orthop Sci ; 25(2): 319-323, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31155441

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Primary osteosarcoma in elderly patients are rare malignant tumors. Its optimal treatment has not yet been determined. METHODS: This retrospective study included 104 patients aged >50 years with resectable, non-metastatic osteosarcoma treated by the members of the Bone and Soft Tissue Tumor Study Group of the Japan Clinical Oncology Group. The effects of adjuvant chemotherapy were estimated by comparing outcomes in patients who received surgery plus chemotherapy with those who underwent surgery alone. RESULTS: Median age at presentation was 59 years. Neoadjuvant and adjuvant chemotherapy was administered to 83 (79.8%) patients. Patients who underwent surgery plus chemotherapy and those who underwent surgery alone had 5-year overall survival (OS) rates of 68.6% and 71.7%, respectively (p = 0.780), and 5-year relapse free survival (RFS) rates of 48.2% and 43.6%, respectively (p = 0.64). Univariate analysis showed that resection with wide margins was significantly correlated with better prognosis. CONCLUSIONS: The addition of chemotherapy to surgery did not improve OS or RFS in patients aged >50 years with resectable, non-metastatic osteosarcoma. Surgery with wide margins was only significantly prognostic of improved survival. The effect of chemotherapy in elderly osteosarcoma patients was unclear.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas/terapia , Quimioterapia Adjuvante/métodos , Terapia Neoadjuvante/métodos , Osteossarcoma/terapia , Fatores Etários , Neoplasias Ósseas/mortalidade , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteossarcoma/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
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