Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 254
Filtrar
1.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 2022 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34988838

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It is important to determine the effect of clinical factors on several domains (symptoms, living status, and quality of life [QOL]) after gastrectomy to establish individualized therapeutic strategies. This study was designed to determine the factors-particularly surgical method-that influence certain domains after gastrectomy for proximal gastric cancer by using the Postgastrectomy Syndrome Assessment Scale-45 (PGSAS-45) questionnaire. METHODS: We conducted a nationwide study of PGSAS-45 questionnaire responses retrieved from 1950 (82.5%) patients from 70 institutions who had undergone gastrectomy for gastric cancer. Of these, 1,538 responses for proximal gastric cancer (1020 total gastrectomies and 518 proximal gastrectomies [PGs]) were examined. RESULTS: PG significantly and favorably affected four main outcome measures (MOMs): elderly affected 10 MOMs, male sex affected 4 MOMs, longer postoperative period affected 8 MOMs, preservation of the vagus nerve affected 1 MOM, adjuvant chemotherapy affected 1 MOM, clinical stage affected 2 MOMs, and more extensive lymph node dissection affected 2 MOMs. However, the laparoscopic approach had an adverse effect on MOMs and combined resection of other organs had no favorable effect on any MOMs. CONCLUSIONS: This PGSAS NEXT study showed that it is better to perform PG for proximal gastric cancer, even for patients with advanced cancer, to obtain favorable postoperative QOL if oncological safety is guaranteed. Because the MOMs of PGSAS-45 are positively and negatively influenced by various background factors, it also is necessary to provide personalized care for each patient to prevent deterioration and further improve symptoms, living status, and QOL postoperatively.

2.
Dis Colon Rectum ; 2021 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34840301

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The examination of the efficacy of near-infrared imaging using indocyanine green in laparoscopic lateral pelvic lymph node dissection remains insufficient. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine whether near-infrared imaging contributed to an increase in the total number of harvested lateral pelvic lymph nodes in laparoscopic lateral pelvic lymph node dissection. DESIGN: This was a retrospective, multi-institutional study with propensity score matching. SETTINGS: We conducted this study within the framework of the Yokohama Clinical Oncology Group in Japan. PATIENTS: The study population included consecutive patients with middle-low rectal cancer (clinical stage II to III) who underwent laparoscopic lateral pelvic lymph node dissection between January 2013 and February 2018. MAIN OUTCOMES MEASURES: The total number of harvested lateral pelvic lymph nodes was compared in laparoscopic lateral pelvic lymph node dissection with and without near-infrared imaging. RESULTS: A total of 172 eligible patients were included; 84 of these patients underwent laparoscopic surgery with near-infrared imaging. After propensity score matching, 58 patients were matched in each of the Near-infrared and the Non-near-infrared groups. The operation time in the Near-infrared group was significantly longer than that in the Non-near-infrared group (426 vs. 369 min), and the amount of intraoperative blood loss in the Near-infrared group was significantly smaller than that in the Non-near-infrared group (13 vs. 110 ml). The total number of harvested lateral pelvic lymph nodes in the Near-infrared group was significantly higher than that in the Non-near-infrared group (14 vs. 9). There were no significant differences in the postoperative complication rates of the two groups. LIMITATIONS: The limitations of the present study include its retrospective design. CONCLUSIONS: This study revealed that laparoscopic lateral pelvic lymph node dissection combined with near-infrared imaging could increase the total number of harvested lateral pelvic lymph nodes without impairing functional preservation. See Video Abstract at http://links.lww.com/DCR/B800.This study was registered with the Japanese Clinical Trials Registry as UMIN000041372 (http://www.umin.ac.jp/ctr/index.htm).

3.
Ann Gastroenterol Surg ; 5(6): 794-803, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34755011

RESUMO

Background: Real-world outcomes of nivolumab treatment for gastric cancer and associated prognostic factors remain unclear; the present study aimed to evaluate both items. Methods: A total of 278 consecutive patients treated with nivolumab for gastric cancer during 2017-2019 were enrolled in this multi-institutional retrospective cohort study. The impact of laboratory findings, immune-related adverse events (irAEs), and clinicopathological factors on long-term survival was evaluated using the Cox proportional hazards model. Results: The response rate was 11.7% in patients with measurable lesions. The overall and progression-free survival estimates were 6.77 and 2.53 months, respectively. The incidence of irAEs was 30.6% (6.8% for grade ≥3). There were no treatment-related deaths. Multivariate analysis revealed that C-reactive protein level of ≤0.5 mg/dL (hazard ratio = 0.476, P < .001), irAE occurrence (hazard ratio = 0.544, P < .001), albumin level of >3.5 g/dL (hazard ratio = 0.688, P = .045), performance status 0 (hazard ratio = 0.711, P = .028), lymphocyte count >1000/µL (hazard ratio = 0.686, P = .027), and differentiated histological type (hazard ratio = 0.740, P = .046) were independently associated with improved survival. The median survival of patients with four or more good prognostic factors was 18.3 months. Conclusion: Nivolumab showed safety and survival benefits in patients with previously treated unresectable or recurrent gastric cancer. Low C-reactive protein level, irAE occurrence, high albumin level, high lymphocyte count, and differentiated histological type may affect outcomes. The presence of four or more good prognostic factors may help identify likely long-term survivors.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34741672

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the short- and long-term outcomes in obese patients with gastric cancer undergoing totally laparoscopic total gastrectomy (TLTG) to clarify its feasibility in this population. METHODS: We examined 136 consecutive patients who underwent TLTG for gastric cancer (GC) between 2013 and 2018. A total of 45 patients with a body mass index (BMI) ≥ 25 kg/m2 were defined as the obese group (obese and overweight patients by the WHO classification), and 91 patients with a BMI < 25 kg/m2 were defined as the non-obese group. Short- and long-term outcomes were compared, and the correlation between obesity and postoperative complications was examined in patients who underwent TLTG. RESULTS: Although the operation time (min) was significantly longer in the obese group than in the non-obese group (329 vs 307, p = 0.002), there were no significant differences in the total volume of blood loss (mL) (118 vs 60, p = 0.059) or the rate of conversion to laparotomy between the two groups (2 vs 2, p = 0.466). Moreover, there was no significant difference in the incidence of postoperative complications between the two groups (16% vs 19%, p = 0.653). In the multivariate analysis, obesity was not identified as a risk factor for postoperative complications among patients who underwent TLTG. The rate of overall survival was not significantly different between the groups (p = 0.512). CONCLUSION: TLTG is feasible for obese Japanese patients with GC. To validate the results of the present study, it is necessary to conduct a prospective study of a large population of patients with GC.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34690219

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The prognostic significance of pretreatment serum C-terminus of cytokeratin 19 (CYFRA21-1, CYFRA) status was evaluated in the patients with surgically treated esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. METHODS: A total of 1047 patients with surgically treated esophageal cancer were enrolled in a multi-institutional study promoted by the Japanese Esophageal Society. This study included an up-front surgery group (n = 412), a neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) group (n = 486), and a neoadjuvant chemoradiation/radiation therapy (NACRT/RT) group (n = 149). The pretreatment CYFRA status was analyzed to assess prognostic significance using multivariate analysis according to treatment modalities. RESULTS: The CYFRA-positive group was significantly associated with deep tumor. Univariate analysis showed that the overall survival of the CYFRA-positive group was significantly worse than that of the CYFRA-negative group, but the difference was not significant in the multivariate analysis. CYFRA was an independent risk factor for poor prognosis just in the NACRT/RT group. CONCLUSIONS: The CYFRA-positive group was associated with deep tumor and poor survival. Pretreatment CYFRA was not an independent risk factor for poor prognosis in the up-front surgery group or NAC group. It was an independent risk factor for poor prognosis just in the NACRT/RT group.

6.
Int J Colorectal Dis ; 36(12): 2763-2768, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34545454

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are few randomized controlled trials on the efficacy of spray-type anti-adhesion material during diverting ileostomy in laparoscopic rectal cancer surgery. PURPOSE: This study will assess whether or not spraying an anti-adhesion material during diverting ileostomy could reduce the surgeon's multifaceted workload in ileostomy closure. METHODS: Patients with laparoscopic or robotic surgery for rectal cancer scheduled for low anterior resection and diverting ileostomy will be enrolled in the ADOBARRIER study (multicenter, single-blind, randomized controlled trial). The target sample size is set at 120 cases, which will be randomly divided into an anti-adhesion material-using group and a non-using group at a ratio of 1:1. The primary endpoint is the multifaceted workload of the surgeon of ileostomy closure using SURG-TLX between groups with and without usage of the anti-adhesion material during diverting ileostomy construction; the secondly endpoint is the operative time, amount of intraoperative blood loss, degree of adhesions, and extent of intra-abdominal adhesions when the ileostomy is closed. CONCLUSIONS: This RCT will evaluate the efficacy and safety of spray-type anti-adhesion material for diverting ileostomy construction. The results of this study are expected to facilitate decision-making regarding the use of anti-adhesion material. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This trial was registered with the Japan Registry of Clinical Trials (jRCT) in October 2020 as jRCTs032200155.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia , Neoplasias Retais , Anastomose Cirúrgica , Humanos , Ileostomia , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia , Método Simples-Cego , Carga de Trabalho
7.
Surg Today ; 2021 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34236523

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to clarify the perioperative deep-vein thrombosis (DVT) prevalence and its risk factors in surgical ulcerative colitis (UC) patients by comparing the results with those in surgical colorectal cancer (CRC) patients at a high risk of perioperative venous thrombosis. METHODS: This retrospective, observational study included patients who underwent surgery for UC or CRC between January 2013 and October 2019. Consecutive surgical patients with a positive D-dimer assay result (≥ 1.0 µg/ml) underwent lower-extremity venous ultrasonography. The prevalence and risk factors for preoperative DVT were examined in UC patients. RESULTS: A total of 101 UC patients and 593 CRC patients were deemed eligible. Among the D-dimer positive cases, there were no significant differences between the two groups in the preoperative DVT prevalence (UC: 21.8% vs. CRC: 28.8%, p = 0.151), distal type (18.8% vs. 27.2%, p = 0.086), or proximal type (5.9% vs. 4.2%, p = 0.434). Furthermore, multivariate analyses showed that an older age, overweight status, poor ASA status, and a high preoperative dose of steroid were independent risk factors for preoperative DVT in UC surgical patients. CONCLUSIONS: The risk of perioperative thrombosis in UC patients was considered similar to that in CRC, so active thromboprophylaxis should be administered to UC patients while paying attention to bleeding. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study was registered with the Japanese Clinical Trials Registry as UMIN000042004 ( http://www.umin.ac.jp/ctr/index.htm ).

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34258676

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Surgery in elderly patients with esophageal cancer is challenging due to high mortality and limited survival. This study aimed to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of curative esophagectomy in elderly patients with esophageal cancer. METHODS: This study included 77 and 112 patients with esophageal cancer aged ≥ 70 and 40-64 years, respectively, who underwent R0 esophagectomy between January 1998 and December 2016. Patient characteristics, intraoperative outcomes, postoperative complications, and long-term survival were compared. RESULTS: The proportions of comorbid diseases (85.7% vs. 57.1%; P < 0.001), the American Society of Anesthesiologists score (1/2/3; 2.6%/94.8%/2.6% vs. 42.9%/57.1%/0%; P < 0.001), the preoperative systemic inflammation score (SIS) (0/1/2; 20.8%/48.1%/31.2% vs. 38.4%/38.4%/23.2%; P = 0.036), and postoperative complications (Clavien-Dindo grade ≥ III) (33.8% vs. 20.5%; P = 0.041) were significantly higher in the elderly group than those in the non-elderly group. However, long-term overall survival (OS) and relapse-free survival were not significantly different between the groups. On multivariate analysis, SIS (hazard ratio, 3.06; P = 0.037) and severe postoperative complications (hazard ratio, 2.01; P = 0.039) were significantly correlated with OS in the elderly group. CONCLUSIONS: As SIS and severe postoperative complications lead to poor prognosis after R0 esophagectomy in elderly patients, selecting appropriate patients for esophagectomy and preventing severe postoperative complications is essential.

9.
Langenbecks Arch Surg ; 406(7): 2295-2303, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34137915

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Long-term outcomes in gastric cancer patients with positive lavage cytology (CY1) are generally poor. This multi-institutional retrospective cohort study aims to evaluate the clinical significance of the neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and the lymphocyte-monocyte ratio (LMR) in CY1 gastric cancer patients. METHODS: A total of 121 CY1 gastric cancer patients without other non-curative factors, who underwent macroscopically curative resection, were enrolled in this study. The cutoff values of preoperative NLR (pre-NLR), postoperative NLR (post-NLR), preoperative LMR (pre-LMR), and postoperative LMR (post-LMR) were defined by the Contal and O'Quigley method as 2.3, 3.0, 2.5, and 3.2, respectively. A Cox proportional hazard model was used to identify the independent prognostic factors among NLR, LMR, and other clinicopathological factors. RESULTS: There were significant differences in the overall survival (OS) between the two groups: high post-NLR groups vs. low post-NLR group (median survival time, months) (10.9 vs. 22.8, P = 0.006) and high pre-LMR group vs. low pre-LMR group (21.3 vs. 11.0, P = 0.001). The LMR value elevated significantly after gastrectomy (P = 0.020), although not in the NLR value (P = 0.733). On multivariate analysis, high post-NLR (hazard ratio = 1.506; 95% confidence interval = 1.047-2.167; P = 0.027), low pre-LMR (1.773; 1.135-2.769, 0.012), and no postoperative chemotherapy (1.558; 1.053-2.305, 0.027) were found to be independent prognostic factors for adverse OS. CONCLUSIONS: Because a combination of high post-NLR and low pre-LMR may be an adverse prognostic marker in resectable CY1 gastric cancer patients, it is necessary to conduct a prospective trial to confirm a useful perioperative chemotherapeutic regimen for these patients.


Assuntos
Linfócitos , Monócitos , Neutrófilos , Neoplasias Gástricas , Gastrectomia , Humanos , Linfócitos/citologia , Monócitos/citologia , Neutrófilos/citologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Irrigação Terapêutica
10.
J Anus Rectum Colon ; 5(2): 173-180, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33937558

RESUMO

Objectives: The present study aimed to identify patients with locally advanced rectal cancer in whom preoperative radiotherapy (RT) can be omitted. Methods: This study was a retrospective multi-institutional study for patients with pathological stage II and III rectal cancer who underwent surgery without preoperative therapy between January 2008 and December 2012. Clinicopathological factors were examined by univariate and multivariate analyses to clarify independent risk factors of local recurrence (LR). Results: The 5-year cumulative local recurrence rate (LRR) of 815 patients was 11.2%. Independent predictive factors of LR were determined by a multivariate analysis to be a tumor location of <10 cm from the anal verge, a tumor diameter of ≥50 mm, undifferentiated histological type, and advanced T-N substage (T3N+ or T4Nany). In lower rectal cancer located <10 cm from the anal verge (n = 510), the 5-year cumulative LRR of patients without any remaining three factors was 4.4%, with one factor was 13.0%, with two factors was 22.2%, and with all three factors was 41.6%. Conclusions: Preoperative RT may be omitted in patients with lower rectal cancer with no risk factors. However, in addition to the present risk factors, we need to further examine the extramural vascular invasion (EMVI) status and circumferential resection margin (CRM) using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings. The trial was registered with UMIN Clinical Trails Registry, number 000006039.

11.
Surg Oncol ; 38: 101584, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33962215

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The significance of the dimensional factors (tumor diameter, area and volume) as the prognostic factor has not been precisely evaluated in pT1 gastric cancer. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to identify the clinical impact and to confirm the clinical feasibility of the dimensional factors as prognostic factors in pT1 gastric cancer. METHODS: We analyzed prognostic factors for disease-specific survival (DSS), overall survival (OS) using clinicopathological factors by univariate and multivariate analyses and the pattern of recurrence in 2011 pT1 gastric cancer (mucosal and submucosal cancers) undergoing R0 gastrectomy. The cut-off values of each dimensional factor was decided by the ROC curve. RESULTS: Cox proportional hazard regression model showed that older age (≥75) and more advanced pN stage were adverse independent prognostic factors for DSS, and revealed that older age (≥75), greater preoperative co-morbid diseases, proximal and total gastrectomy, operative method and Clavien-Dindo classification (≥grade III) were independent adverse factors for OS. Any dimensional factors were not independent prognostic factors for any survival. CONCLUSIONS: The dimensional factors do not influence both OS and DSS in pT1 gastric cancer patients and so it is difficult to apply these dimensional factors for conducting therapeutic strategies.

13.
Eur Surg Res ; 62(1): 40-52, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33794520

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The predictive factors for discontinuation of S-1 administration and prognostic factors in elderly patients with pStage II/III gastric cancer receiving S-1 adjuvant chemotherapy remain unclear. METHODS: Between January 2004 and December 2016, 80 elderly gastric cancer patients (≥70 years) undergoing curative D2 gastrectomy were enrolled in this study. Predictive factors for completion of S-1 administration over 1 year, adverse events due to S-1 administration, and prognostic factors for overall survival (OS) and relapse-free survival (RFS) were evaluated. RESULTS: Twenty-eight patients (35%) completed 8 courses of S-1. The median relative dose intensity was 82.1% (IQR 31.1-100%). The incidence rates of hematological and nonhematological adverse events were acceptable. Distal gastrectomy was an independent predictive factor for completion of S-1 administration (odds ratio [OR] 0.364; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.141-0.939; p = 0.037). Higher postoperative neutrophil count/lymphocyte count (N/L) ratio and more advanced stage adversely influenced OS. Multivariate analysis revealed that a higher postoperative N/L ratio and more advanced stage adversely affected RFS. CONCLUSION: To complete adjuvant S-1 administration to elderly patients with pStage II/III gastric cancer, total gastrectomy should be avoided if possible. A new regimen for elderly gastric cancer patients with higher postoperative N/L ratios and more advanced stage should be established.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33644991

RESUMO

AIM: The significance of sarcopenia in cancers has been widely recognized. However, few studies have focused on chronological changes in sarcopenia in cancer patients. This study aimed to clarify the clinical significance of changes in the psoas muscle area before and after preoperative chemotherapy. METHODS: This study included 39 patients who underwent gastrectomy followed by preoperative chemotherapy for advanced gastric cancer between January 2010 and December 2016 in our hospital. The psoas muscle area was measured at the umbilical level before and after chemotherapy, and the relationship between its chronological changes and the long-term prognosis was examined. RESULTS: Patients were classified into two groups according to changes in the psoas muscle area before and after preoperative chemotherapy: remarkable muscle depletion and normal groups. No significant differences were observed in clinicopathological factors. Notably, the remarkable muscle depletion group included significantly more male patients (P = .018) and showed a high weight loss rate (P < .001). Although no significant difference was observed in the recurrence-free survival between the two groups (P = .484), overall survival was significantly worse in the remarkable muscle depletion group (P < .001). Multivariate analysis for prognosis revealed that pathological stage III or higher (P = .022) and decreased psoas muscle area (P = .038) were independent prognostic factors. CONCLUSIONS: The present findings suggest that psoas muscle depletion during preoperative chemotherapy is a prognostic factor for poor long-term outcomes in patients who underwent gastrectomy followed by preoperative chemotherapy for advanced gastric cancer.

16.
Dis Colon Rectum ; 64(12): 1542-1550, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33661231

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recent studies have clarified that near-infrared observation using indocyanine green has the advantage of evaluating perfusion of the anastomotic site, especially in rectal cancer surgery, resulting in a reduction in anastomotic leak. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of near-infrared observation for reducing the anastomotic leak after stapled side-to-side anastomosis in colon cancer surgery. DESIGN: This was a retrospective propensity score case-matched study. SETTINGS: The study was conducted at 3 institutions in the Yokohama Clinical Oncology Group. PATIENTS: From January 2011 to December 2019, patients who underwent colon cancer surgery with stapled side-to-side anastomosis were included. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The main outcome was the percentage of anastomotic leak within 30 days after surgery. RESULTS: A total of 1034 patients were collected. There were 532 patients who underwent near-infrared observation and 502 who did not. A total of 370 patients were matched to the near-infrared and non-near-infrared groups. In the near-infrared group, 12 patients (3.2%) were judged to have poor perfusion (4 patients) and no perfusion (8 patients), so the planned transection point was changed. There were no cases of anastomotic leak among these 12 patients. The anastomotic leak rates were 3.5% (13/370) in the non-near-infrared group and 0.8% (3/370) in the near-infrared group. The anastomotic leak and reoperation rates were significantly lower in the near-infrared group than in the non-near-infrared group (OR, 0.224; 95% CI, 0.063-0.794, p = 0.001; OR, 0.348; 95% CI, 0.124-0.977, p = 0.036). LIMITATIONS: Although we reduced selection bias by performing propensity score matching, this was a retrospective study and was not randomized. CONCLUSION: This large-scale case-matched study showed that assessing perfusion by near-infrared observation significantly reduced the anastomotic leak and reoperation rates after stapled side-to-side anastomosis in colon cancer surgery and may be better suited to colo-colonic anastomosis. Video Abstract at http://links.lww.com/DCR/B513.Japanese Clinical Trials Registry: UMIN-CTR000039977. EVALUACIN DEL EFECTO DE LA OBSERVACIN INTRAOPERATORIA CON INFRARROJO CERCANO SOBRE LA FUGA ANASTOMTICA DESPUS DE UNA ANASTOMOSIS LATEROLATERAL CON ENGRAPADORA EN LA CIRUGA DE CNCER DE COLON MEDIANTE EL EMPAREJAMIENTO POR PUNTAJES DE PROPENSIN: ANTECEDENTES:Estudios recientes han aclarado que la observación con infrarrojo cercano con verde de indocianina tiene la ventaja de evaluar la perfusión del sitio anastomótico, especialmente en la cirugía de cáncer de recto, lo que resulta en una reducción de la fuga anastomótica.OBJETIVO:El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar la eficacia de la observación con infrarrojo cercano para reducir la fuga anastomótica después de una anastomosis latero-lateral con engrapadora en la cirugía de cáncer de colon.DISEÑO:Este fue un estudio retrospectivo emparejado con puntaje de propensión.AJUSTE:El estudio se llevó a cabo en tres instituciones del Grupo de Oncología Clínica de Yokohama.PACIENTES:Desde enero de 2011 hasta diciembre de 2019, se incluyeron pacientes que se sometieron a cirugía de cáncer de colon con anastomosis latero-lateral con engrapadora.PRINCIPALES MEDIDAS DE RESULTADO:El resultado principal fue el porcentaje de fuga anastomótica dentro de los 30 días posteriores a la cirugía.RESULTADOS:Se recogió un total de 1034 pacientes. Hubo 532 pacientes que se sometieron a observación con infrarrojo cercano y 502 que no. Un total de 370 pacientes fueron emparejados con los grupos de infrarrojo cercano y no infrarrojo cercano. En el grupo de infrarrojo cercano, se consideró que 12 casos (3,2%) tenían mala perfusión (4 casos) y ninguna perfusión (8 casos), por lo que se cambió el punto de transección planificado. No hubo casos de fuga anastomótica entre estos 12 casos. Las tasas de fuga anastomótica fueron del 3,5% (13/370) en el grupo sin infrarrojo cercano y del 0,8% (3/370) en el grupo con infrarrojo cercano. Las tasas de fuga anastomótica y de reintervención fueron significativamente menores en el grupo con infrarrojo cercano que en el grupo sin infrarrojo cercano (razón de posibilidades 0,224, intervalo de confianza del 95% 0,063-0,794, p = 0,001; razón de posibilidades 0,348, intervalo de confianza del 95% 0,124 -0,977, p = 0,036, respectivamente).LIMITACIONES:Aunque se redujo el sesgo de selección al realizar el emparejamiento por puntaje de propensión, este fue un estudio retrospectivo y no fue aleatorio.CONCLUSIÓN:Este estudio de casos emparejados a gran escala demostró que la evaluación de la perfusión mediante la observación con infrarrojo cercano redujo significativamente la fuga anastomótica y las tasas de reintervención después de la anastomosis latero-lateral con engrapadora en la cirugía de cáncer de colon y puede ser más adecuada para la anastomosis colo-colónica. Consulte Video Resumen en http://links.lww.com/DCR/B513.Registro japonés de ensayos clínicos: UMIN-CTR000039977.

17.
Int J Colorectal Dis ; 36(6): 1323-1328, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33528751

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing intracorporeal anastomosis (IA) and extracorporeal anastomosis (EA) could not prove a significant reduction in postoperative stay and therefore did not provide sufficient evidence of IA. Recently, we reported a new intracorporeal anastomosis method and intracorporeal end-to-end anastomosis (IEEA). However, there have been no studies comparing intracorporeal side-to-side anastomosis (ISSA) to IEEA. PURPOSE: The main purpose of this study is to verify the superiority of IA over EA. The secondary purpose is to compare IEEA with ISSA. METHODS: Patients scheduled to undergo laparoscopic colectomy for colon cancer are recruited to the CONNECT study (multicenter, single-blind, randomized controlled study), cases in which anastomosis by the double-stapling technique is planned will be excluded. The target sample size is set at 300 cases in total, which will be randomized into 3 groups (EA, IEEA, and ISSA) in a 2:1:1 ratio. The primary endpoint is the length of postoperative hospital stay in the IA and EA groups; the secondly endpoint is the anastomotic time in IEEA and ISSA groups. We will also evaluate SF-36 ver.2, EORTC QLQ-C30 ver.3, operator stress using SURG-TLX, and the long-term outcomes, such as 5-year disease-free survival and overall survival. CONCLUSIONS: This RCT will compare the postoperative length of stay between IA and EA in twice the number of cases of previous RCTs. Concurrently, although as a secondary purpose, this will be the first study to compare IEEA and ISSA. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This trial was registered with the UMIN Clinical Trials Registry in September 2020 as UMIN000041565.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo , Laparoscopia , Anastomose Cirúrgica , Colectomia , Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech ; 31(4): 485-491, 2021 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33538547

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Converse Ω anastomosis is a recently developed technique of delta-shaped anastomosis for intracorporeal gastroduodenostomy to simplify the anastomotic procedures and reduce their potential risks. This study aimed to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of converse Ω anastomosis, comparing it with conventional extracorporeal Billroth-I anastomosis after laparoscopic distal gastrectomy (LDG) for gastric cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Among 169 gastric cancer patients who underwent LDG with Billroth-I anastomosis anastomosis between April 2013 and March 2018, we selected 100 patients by propensity score matching (50 in the converse Ω anastomosis group and 50 in the extracorporeal anastomosis group). Patients' characteristics, intraoperative outcomes, postoperative complications, and survival time were compared between the 2 groups. RESULTS: Median anastomosis time was significantly longer in the converse Ω group than in the extracorporeal group (40.0 vs. 30.5 min, P=0.005). However, the total procedure time did not differ significantly between the groups. Intraoperative blood loss volume was significantly lower in the converse Ω group than in the extracorporeal anastomosis group (40 vs. 120 mL, P<0.001). There were no significant differences in the number of dissected lymph nodes, postoperative morbidity, mortality, or length of hospital stay. The postoperative body mass index and the prognostic nutritional index did not differ between the groups 1 year after surgery. There were no significant differences in overall survival and relapse-free survival between the 2 groups. CONCLUSIONS: Converse Ω anastomosis is feasible and safe. This novel technique can be adopted as a treatment option for reconstruction after LDG in patients with early-stage gastric cancer. Therefore, the risks and benefits of converse Ω anastomosis after LDG should be confirmed in larger cohorts.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia , Neoplasias Gástricas , Anastomose Cirúrgica , Gastrectomia , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Ann Gastroenterol Surg ; 5(1): 67-74, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33532682

RESUMO

Aim: The present study aimed to examine the effect of continuing antiplatelet therapy in the perioperative period for patients undergoing laparoscopic resection for colorectal cancer who had received preoperative antiplatelet therapy. Methods: This retrospective, multicenter, observational study included patients who underwent laparoscopic surgery for colorectal cancer between January 2011 and May 2020. The study population was limited to patients who used antiplatelet therapy preoperatively. Results: A total of 214 colorectal cancer patients who received antiplatelet therapy preoperatively were included in the present study. Eighty-nine patients underwent surgery under the continuation of antiplatelet therapy, and 125 patients underwent surgery under the discontinuation of antiplatelet therapy before surgery. There were no significant differences between the two groups with regard to intraoperative blood loss (P = .889), intraoperative blood transfusion (P = 1.000), and conversion to laparotomy (P = 1.000). There were no significant differences between the two groups in the incidence of postoperative hemorrhagic complications (Clavien-Dindo Grade ≥II, P = .453; Grade ≥III, P = .572) or three-point major adverse cardiovascular events (P = .268). However, there were two cases of postoperative non-fatal stroke in the discontinued antiplatelet therapy group. Conclusions: The present study revealed that there were no significant differences in the surgical outcomes and postoperative complications between colorectal cancer patients who underwent laparoscopic resection with the continuation of antiplatelet therapy in the perioperative period and those in whom antiplatelet therapy was discontinued during the perioperative period. From the viewpoint of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular risk, it may be better for patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery for colorectal cancer to continue antiplatelet therapy. This study was registered with the Japanese Clinical Trials Registry as UMIN000038707 (http://www.umin.ac.jp/ctr/index.htm).

20.
Ann Surg ; 273(6): 1060-1065, 2021 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33630448

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term outcomes that were the secondary endpoints of a RCT of multi-port laparoscopic colectomy (MPC) versus SILC in colon cancer surgery. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The actual long-term outcomes, such as the 5-year RFS, OS, and recurrence patterns after surgery, have not been evaluated by a RCT. METHODS: Patients with histologically proven colon carcinoma located in the cecum, ascending, sigmoid or rectosigmoid colon clinically diagnosed as stage 0-III were eligible for this study. Patients were preoperatively randomized and underwent complete mesocolic excision. The 5-year RFS, OS, and recurrence patterns were analyzed (UMIN-CTR 000007220). RESULTS: Between March 1, 2012, and March 31, 2015, a total of 200 patients were randomly assigned to either the MPC arm (n = 100) or SILC arm (n = 100). The median follow-up for all patients was 61.0 months. An intention-to-treat analysis showed that the 5-year RFS was 91.0% [95% confidence interval (CI) 85.1%-96.9%] in the MPC arm and 88.0% (95% CI 82.1%-93.9%) in the SILC arm (hazard ratio: 1.37; 95% CI 0.58-3.24; P = 0.479). The 5-year OS was 95.0% (95% CI 91.1%-98.9%) in the MPC arm and 93.0% (87.1%-98.9%) in the SILC arm (hazard ratio: 1.39; 95% CI 0.44-4.39; P = 0.568). There were no significant differences in the recurrence patterns between the 2 arms. CONCLUSIONS: Even though the results of the 5-year OS and RFS in this trial were exploratory and underpowered, there were no statistically significant differences between the SILC and MPC arms. SILC may be an acceptable treatment option for select patients with colon cancer.


Assuntos
Colectomia/métodos , Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Laparoscopia , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...