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J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol ; 30(11): 2591-2598, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31544272


INTRODUCTION: The muscular metaboreflex, whose activation regulates blood flow during isometric and aerobic exercise, is blunted in patients with heart failure (HF), and cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) may restore this regulatory reflex. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate metaboreflex responses after CRT. METHODS: Thirteen HF patients and 12 age-matched healthy control subjects underwent the following evaluations (pre- and post-CRT implantation in the patient group): (a) heart rate, blood pressure, and forearm blood flow measurements; (b) muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) evaluation; and (c) peak oxygen consumption (VO2peak ). Examinations were performed at rest, during moderate isometric exercise (IE), and during forearm ischemia (metaboreflex activation). The primary outcome was the increment in MSNA during limb ischemia compared to the rest moment (ΔMSNA rest to metaboreflex activation). RESULTS: After CRT, rest MSNA decreased in the HF participants: 50.4 ± 9.2 bursts/min pre-CRT vs 34.0 ± 14.4 bursts/min post-CRT, P = .001, accompanied by an improvement in systolic blood pressure and in rate-pressure product. MSNA during limb ischemia decreased: 56.6 ± 11.5 bursts/min pre-CRT vs 43.6 ± 12.7 bursts/min post-CRT, P = .001, and the ΔMSNA rest to metaboreflex activation increased: 0% (interquartile range [IQR)], -7 to 9) vs 13% (IQR, 5-30), P = .03. An augmentation of mean blood pressure during limb ischemia post-CRT was noticed: 94 mmHg (IQR, 81-104) vs 110 mmHg (IQR, 100-117), P = .04. CRT improved VO2peak , and this improvement was correlated with diminution in ΔMSNA pre- to post-CRT at rest moment (rs = -0.74, P = .006). CONCLUSION: CRT provides metaboreflex sensitization and MSNA enhancement. The restoration of sympathetic responsiveness correlates with the improvement in functional capacity.

Pacing Clin Electrophysiol ; 37(1): 11-8, 2014 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23952584


INTRODUCTION: Muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) is an independent prognostic marker in patients with heart failure (HF). Therefore, its relevance to the treatment of HF patients is unquestionable. OBJECTIVES: In this study, we investigated the effects of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) on MSNA response at rest and during exercise in patients with advanced HF. METHODS: We assessed 11 HF patients (51 ± 3.4 years; New York Heart Association class III-IV; left ventricular ejection fraction 27.8 ± 2.2%; optimal medical therapy) submitted to CRT. Evaluations were made prior to and 3 months after CRT. MSNA was performed at rest and during moderate static exercise (handgrip). Peak oxygen consumption (VO2 ) was evaluated by means of cardiopulmonary exercise test. HF patients with advanced NYHA class without CRT and healthy individuals were also studied. RESULTS: CRT reduced MSNA at rest (48.9 ± 11.1 bursts/min vs 33.7 ± 15.3 bursts/min, P < 0.05) and during handgrip exercise (MSNA 62.3 ± 13.1 bursts/min vs 46.9 ± 14.3 bursts/min, P < 0.05). Among HF patients submitted to CRT, the peak VO2 increased (12.9 ± 2.8 mL/kg/min vs 16.5 ± 3.9 mL/kg/min, P < 0.05) and an inverse correlation between peak VO2 and resting MSNA (r = -0.74, P = 0.01) was observed. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with advanced HF and severe systolic dysfunction: (1) a significant reduction of MSNA (at rest and during handgrip) occurred after CRT, and this behavior was significantly superior to HF patients receiving only medical therapy; (2) MSNA reduction after CRT had an inverse correlation with O2 consumption outcomes.

Terapia de Ressincronização Cardíaca , Tolerância ao Exercício , Insuficiência Cardíaca/prevenção & controle , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Contração Isométrica , Músculo Esquelético/fisiopatologia , Consumo de Oxigênio , Potenciais de Ação , Adulto , Pressão Sanguínea , Teste de Esforço , Feminino , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Força Muscular , Músculo Esquelético/inervação