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J Adhes Dent ; 23(4): 327-334, 2021 Jul 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34269543


PURPOSE: The effect of surface moisture on bur-cut dentin on the microtensile bond strength (µTBS) of universal adhesives with various contents of 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA) and methacrylamide monomers was evaluated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Flat mid-coronal dentin surfaces of human molars were exposed, and a standardized smear layer was prepared using a fine-grit diamond bur. The surfaces were either left wet or air dried for 10 s before bonding with Clearfil Universal Bond Quick (UBQ), experimental UBQ without an amide monomer (UBQexp), Scotchbond Universal (SBU), Prime&Bond Universal (PBU), or BeautiBond Universal (BBU). The specimens were built up with resin composite, sectioned into sticks and subjected to the µTBS test after 24 h or 10,000 thermal cycles. The µTBS data were analyzed using three-way ANOVA followed by pairwise comparisons with Bonferroni's correction (α = 0.05). RESULTS: The level of dentin moisture did not significantly affect µTBS of UBQ and BBU (p > 0.05). HEMA-containing UBQ, UBQexp, and SBU exhibited higher µTBS to dry dentin, while HEMA-free PBU and BBU showed higher µTBS to wet dentin. Thermocycling significantly decreased the µTBS of UBQexp (p < 0.01) and BBU (p < 0.001) irrespective of dentin moisture level, while SBU was significantly affected only on dry dentin (p < 0.001). Thermocycling had no significant effect on UBQ and PBU containing methacrylamide monomers (p > 0.05). CONCLUSION: Dry surfaces enabled obtaining optimal bonding for HEMA-containing adhesives to bur-cut dentin, while wet surfaces enabled optimal bonding for HEMA-free adhesives. Methacrylamide monomers could contribute to the improvement of the initial and long-term bonding performance of universal adhesives to bur-cut dentin.

Colagem Dentária , Adesivos Dentinários , Acrilamidas , Adesivos , Resinas Compostas , Cimentos Dentários , Dentina , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Metacrilatos , Cimentos de Resina , Resistência à Tração
Dent Mater J ; 40(4): 877-884, 2021 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33678732


The influence of sulfinate agents applied as a dentin pretreatment or a mixture with multi-mode one-step self-etch adhesives (1-SEAs) on the degree of conversion (DC) and micro-tensile bond strength (µTBS) of light-cured 1-SEAs was investigated. 1-SEAs Clearfil Universal Bond Quick (UBQ) or Scotchbond Universal Adhesive (SBU) were applied to dentin in etch&rinse or self-etch mode using various application strategies: 1) no pretreatment, 2) pretreatment with 90 wt% ethanol, 3) pretreatment with a sulfinate agent Clearfil DC Activator (UDC) or Scotchbond Universal DCA (SDC), or 4) a mixture of UBQ+UDC or SBU+SDC. µTBS was measured after 24 h. Additionally, DC was measured using attenuated total reflectance Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy. Pretreatment with sulfinate agents resulted in the highest µTBS and DC, significantly improving them especially in etch&rinse mode. The mixture of sulfinate agents with 1-SEAs was less effective. Pretreatment with ethanol significantly improved µTBS in etch&rinse mode but compromised µTBS in self-etch mode.

Colagem Dentária , Adesivos , Resinas Compostas , Cimentos Dentários , Dentina , Adesivos Dentinários , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos de Resina , Resistência à Tração
Dent Mater J ; 38(6): 892-899, 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31366768


The purpose was to evaluate the effect of a hydrophilic amide monomer on µTBS of one-step adhesive to dentin at different application times. Clearfil Universal Bond Quick (UBQ), experimental adhesive (UBQexp; same compositions as UBQ but hydrophilic amide monomer was replaced with 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate), Clearfil SE ONE and Clearfil SE Bond were applied to midcoronal dentin prepared with 600-grit SiC at different application time (0, 10, 20 and 40 s). Water sorption (Wsp) and the ultimate tensile strength (UTS) of polymerized adhesives were also measured. UBQ showed significantly lower Wsp and higher UTS than UBQexp. At each application time, UBQ exhibited significantly higher µTBSs than UBQexp. UBQ showed the highest µTBS at 0 s application time among all the adhesives. When the application time was prolonged from 0 s to 10 s, only UBQ showed no significant difference. The hydrophilic amide monomer increased µTBS with reduction in Wsp and increase in the UTS and may allow a shortened application time.

Colagem Dentária , Amidas , Resinas Compostas , Cimentos Dentários , Dentina , Adesivos Dentinários , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos de Resina , Resistência à Tração