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1.
World J Surg ; 2020 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32383055

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The advanced technology of interventional radiology may contribute to a rapid and timely angioembolization for hemostasis. We hypothesized that unstable hemodynamics is no longer an absolute contraindication of nonoperative management (NOM) in blunt splenic injury patients using rapid angioembolization. METHODS: From January 2009 to December 2019, blunt splenic injury patients with unstable hemodynamics [initial pulse >120 beats/min or systolic blood pressure <90 mm Hg] were included. Either emergency surgery or angioembolization was performed for hemostasis because of their unstable status. The characteristics of patients who underwent angioembolization or surgery were compared in each group (all patients, patients with hypotension, patients without response to resuscitation and hypotensive patients without response to resuscitation). RESULTS: A total of 73 patients were included in the current study. With respect to all patients, 68.5% (N = 50) of patients underwent NOM with angioembolization for hemostasis. Patients who underwent angioembolization for hemostasis had a significantly lower base deficit (5.3 ± 3.8 vs. 8.3 ± 5.2 mmol/L, p = 0.006) and a higher proportion of response to resuscitation (82.0% vs. 30.4%, p < 0.001) than did patients who underwent surgery. However, there was no significant difference in the proportion of hypotension (58.0% vs. 65.2%, p = 0.558) between these two groups. There were 44 patients with hypotension, and the angioembolization could be performed in 65.9% (N = 29) of them. Patients who underwent angioembolization had a significantly higher proportion of response to resuscitation than did patients who underwent surgery (89.7% vs. 33.3%, p < 0.001). In hypotensive patients without response to resuscitation (N = 13), 23.1% (N = 3) of the patients underwent angioembolization successfully. There was no significant difference in time to hemostasis procedure between patients who underwent angioembolization or surgery (24.7 ± 2.1 vs. 26.3 ± 16.7 min, p = 0.769). The demographics, vital signs, blood transfusion amount, injury severity, mortality rate and length of stay of patients who underwent angioembolization were not significantly different from patients who underwent surgery in each group. CONCLUSIONS: With a short preparation time of angioembolization, the NOM could be performed selectively for hemodynamically unstable patients with blunt splenic injury. The base deficit serves as an early detector of the requirement of surgical treatment.

2.
JACC Clin Electrophysiol ; 6(2): 221-230, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32081227

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to examine clinical characteristics of procedural and long-term outcomes in patients undergoing catheter ablation (CA) of outflow tract ventricular arrhythmias (OT-VAs) over 16 years. BACKGROUND: CA is an effective treatment strategy for OT-VAs. METHODS: Patients undergoing CA for OT-VAs from 1999 to 2015 were divided into 3 periods: 1999 to 2004 (early), 2005 to 2010 (middle), and 2011 to 2015 (recent). Successful ablation site (right ventricular OT, aortic cusps/left ventricular OT, or coronary venous system/epicardium), VA morphology (right bundle branch block or left bundle branch block), and acute and clinical success rates were assessed. RESULTS: Six hundred eighty-two patients (336 female) were included (early: n = 97; middle: n = 204; recent: n = 381). Over time there was increase in use of irrigated ablation catheters and electroanatomic mapping, and more VAs were ablated from the aortic cusp/left ventricular OT or coronary venous system/epicardium (14% vs. 45% vs. 56%; p < 0.0001). Acute procedural success was achieved in 585 patients (86%) and was similar between groups (82% vs. 84% vs. 88%; p = 0.27). Clinical success was also similar between groups (86% vs. 87% vs. 88%; p = 0.94), but more patients in earlier periods required repeat ablation (18% vs. 17% vs. 9%; p = 0.02). Overall complication rate was 2% (similar between groups). CONCLUSIONS: Over a 16-year period there was an increase in patients undergoing CA for OT-VTs, with more ablations performed at non-right ventricular outflow tract locations using electroanatomic mapping and irrigated-tip catheters. Over time, single procedure success has improved and complications have remained limited.

3.
Am J Emerg Med ; 2020 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32005409

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Early diagnosis of blunt cerebrovascular injury (BCVI) is among the most difficult challenges in trauma treatment. This study aimed to determine the optimal timing of computed tomographic angiography (CTA) screening for suspicious BCVI in patients with polytrauma. METHODS: We reviewed the trauma registry and medical records of patients with head and neck injuries from a Level I trauma center between January 2012 and December 2016. Those receiving CTA within 24 h of presentation at the emergency department were the primary CTA group; those who received CTA after 24 h were the delayed CTA group. The basic demographics, indications for CTA, CTA severity grading, and outcomes were compared. RESULTS: In all, 228 patients received brain CTA. Most were male (75%); the mean age was around 40 years. The 38 patients with positive BCVI had a significantly higher ratio of severe chest trauma (52.6% vs 25.8%, p = 0.001); 26 of them received primary CTA and 12 received delayed CTA. Patients with polytrauma predominated in the delayed CTA group (66.7% vs 30.8%, p = 0.037). Of the patients in the primary CTA group, 26.9% received CTA due to symptomatic presentation (p = 0.047). Patients in the delayed group had better neurological outcomes (83% neurologically intact, vs 38.5%, p = 0.01) and lower mortality (0% vs 26.9%, p = 0.047). The only independent positive prognostic factor was initial motor response ≥M5 (Odds Ratio 21.46, 95% Confidence Interval 2.01-228.71). CONCLUSIONS: For patients with polytrauma, performing brain CTA for BCVI screening in the first 24-h or after may not affect clinical outcome. Initial motor response is the sole indicator for outcome. Delaying the study for to the next 24-hour can be considered in such patients, when regarding hemodynamic stability, the dose of contrast medium, and the radiation exposure.

4.
JACC Clin Electrophysiol ; 6(1): 21-30, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31971902

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study sought to investigate incidence of left atrial appendage (LAA) triggers of atrial fibrillation (AF) and/or organized atrial tachycardias (OAT) in patients undergoing AF ablation and to evaluate outcomes after ablation. BACKGROUND: Although LAA isolation is being increasingly performed during AF ablation, the true incidence of LAA triggers for AF remains unclear. METHODS: All patients with LAA triggers of AF and/or OAT during AF ablation from 2001 to 2017 were included. LAA triggers were defined as atrial premature depolarizations from the LAA, which initiated sustained AF and/or OAT. RESULTS: Out of 7,129 patients undergoing AF ablation over 16 years, LAA triggers were observed in 21 (0.3%) subjects (age 60 ± 9 years; 57% males; 52% persistent AF). Twenty (95%) patients were undergoing repeat ablation. The LAA was the only nonpulmonary vein trigger in 3 patients; the remaining 18 patients had both LAA and other nonpulmonary vein triggers. LAA triggers were eliminated in all patients (focal ablation in 19 patients; LAA isolation in 2 patients). Twelve months after ablation, 47.6% remained free from recurrent arrhythmia. After overall follow-up of 5.0 ± 3.6 years (median: 3.7 years; interquartile range: 1.4 to 8.9 years), 38.1% were arrhythmia-free. All 3 patients with triggers limited to the LAA remained free of AF recurrence. One patient undergoing LAA isolation developed LAA thrombus during follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of true LAA triggers is very low (0.3%). Most patients with LAA triggers have additional nonpulmonary vein triggers, and despite elimination of LAA triggers, long-term arrhythmia recurrence rates remain high. Potential risks of empiric LAA isolation during AF ablation (especially first-time AF ablation) may outweigh benefits.

5.
Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol ; 13(2): e007586, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31940244

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Conflicting data have been reported on the association of left atrial (LA) late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) with atrial voltage in patients with atrial fibrillation. The association of LGE with electrogram fractionation and delay remains to be examined. We sought to examine the association between LA LGE on cardiac magnetic resonance and electrogram abnormalities in patients with atrial fibrillation. METHODS: High-resolution LGE cardiac magnetic resonance was performed before electrogram mapping and ablation in atrial fibrillation patients. Cardiac magnetic resonance features were quantified using LA myocardial signal intensity Z score (SI-Z), a continuous normalized variable, as well as a dichotomous LGE variable based on previously validated methodology. Electrogram mapping was performed pre-ablation during sinus rhythm or LA pacing, and electrogram locations were coregistered with cardiac magnetic resonance images. Analyses were performed using multilevel patient-clustered mixed-effects regression models. RESULTS: In the 40 patients with atrial fibrillation (age, 63.2±9.2 years; 1312.3±767.3 electrogram points per patient), lower bipolar voltage was associated with higher SI-Z in patients who had undergone previous ablation (coefficient, -0.049; P<0.001) but not in ablation-naive patients (coefficient, -0.004; P=0.7). LA electrogram activation delay was associated with SI-Z in patients with previous ablation (SI-Z: coefficient, 0.004; P<0.001 and LGE: coefficient, 0.04; P<0.001) but not in ablation-naive patients. In contrast, increased LA electrogram fractionation was associated with SI-Z (coefficient, 0.012; P=0.03) and LGE (coefficient, 0.035; P<0.001) only in ablation-naive patients. CONCLUSIONS: The association of LA LGE with voltage is modified by ablation. Importantly, in ablation-naive patients, atrial LGE is associated with electrogram fractionation even in the absence of voltage abnormalities.

6.
Heart Rhythm ; 2019 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31756530

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Signal-averaged electrocardiogram (SAECG) provides not only diagnostic information but also the prognostic implication of ablation in arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC). OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to validate the role of SAECG in identifying arrhythmogenic substrates requiring an epicardial approach in ARVC. METHODS: Ninety-one patients with a definite diagnosis of ARVC who underwent successful ablation for drug-refractory ventricular arrhythmia were enrolled and classified into 2 groups: group 1 who underwent successful ablation at the endocardium only and group 2 who underwent successful ablation requiring an additional epicardial approach. The baseline characteristics of patients and SAECG parameters were obtained for analysis. RESULTS: Male predominance, worse right ventricular (RV) function, higher incidence of syncope, and depolarization abnormality were observed in group 2. Moreover, the number of abnormal SAECG criteria was higher in group 2 than in group 1. After a multivariate analysis, the independent predictors of the requirement of epicardial ablation included the number of abnormal SAECG criteria (odds ratio 2.8, 95% confidence interval 1.4-5.4; P = .003) and presence of syncope (odds ratio 11.7; 95% confidence interval 2.7-50.4; P = .001). In addition, ≥2 abnormal SAECG criteria were associated with larger RV endocardial unipolar low-voltage zone (P < .001), larger RV endocardial/epicardial bipolar low-voltage zone/scar (P < .05), and longer RV endocardial/epicardial total activation time (P < .001 and P = .004, respectively). CONCLUSION: The number of abnormal SAECG criteria was correlated with the extent of diseased epicardial substrates and could be a potential surrogate marker for predicting the requirement of epicardial ablation in patients with ARVC.

7.
BMJ Open ; 9(11): e032062, 2019 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31722950

RESUMO

​OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of lower socioeconomic status on the outcome of major torso trauma patients under the single-payer system by the National Health Insurance (NHI) in Taiwan. ​DESIGN: A nationwide, retrospective cohort study. ​SETTING: An observational study from the NHI Research Database (NHIRD), involving all the insurees in the NHI. ​PARTICIPANTS: Patients with major torso trauma (injury severity score ≥16) from 2003 to 2013 in Taiwan were included. International Classification of Disease, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification codes were used to identify trauma patients. A total of 64 721 patients were initially identified in the NHIRD. After applying the exclusion criteria, 20 009 patients were included in our statistical analysis. ​PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcome measure was in-hospital mortality, and we analysed patients with different income levels and geographic regions. Multiple logistic regression was used to control for confounding variables. ​RESULTS: In univariate analysis, geographic disparities and low-income level were both risk factors for in-hospital mortality for patients with major torso trauma (p=0.002 and <0.001, respectively). However, in multivariate analysis, only a low-income level remained an independent risk factor for increased in-hospital mortality (p<0.001). ​CONCLUSION: Even with the NHI, wealth inequity still led to different outcomes for major torso trauma in Taiwan. Health policies must focus on this vulnerable group to eliminate inequality in trauma care.

9.
JACC Clin Electrophysiol ; 5(7): 801-813, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31320008

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to assess the performance of established risk models in predicting outcomes after catheter ablation (CA) in patients with nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (NIDCM) and ventricular tachycardia (VT). BACKGROUND: A correct pre-procedural risk stratification of patients with NIDCM and VT undergoing CA is crucial. The performance of different pre-procedural risk stratification approaches to predict outcomes of CA of VT in patients with NIDCM is unknown. METHODS: The study compared the performance of 8 prognostic scores (SHFM [Seattle Heart Failure Model], MAGGIC [Meta-analysis Global Group in Chronic Heart Failure], ADHERE [Acute Decompensated Heart Failure National Registry], EFFECT [Enhanced Feedback for Effective Cardiac Treatment-Heart Failure], OPTIMIZE-HF [Organized Program to Initiate Lifesaving Treatment in Hospitalized Patients with Heart Failure], CHARM [Candesartan in Heart Failure-Assessment of Reduction in Mortality], EuroSCORE [European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation], and PAINESD [Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Age > 60 Years, Ischemic Cardiomyopathy, New York Heart Association Functional Class III or IV, Ejection Fraction <25%, Presentation With VT Storm, Diabetes Mellitus]) for the endpoints of death/cardiac transplantation and VT recurrence in 282 consecutive patients (age 59 ± 15 years, left ventricular ejection fraction: 36 ± 13%) with NIDCM undergoing CA of VT. Discrimination and calibration of each model were evaluated through area under the curve (AUC) of receiver-operating characteristic curve and goodness-of-fit test. RESULTS: After a median follow-up of 48 (interquartile range: 19-67) months, 43 patients (15%) died, 24 (9%) underwent heart transplantation, and 58 (21%) experienced VT recurrence. The prognostic accuracy of SHFM (AUC = 0.89; goodness-of-fit p = 0.68 for death/transplant and AUC = 0.77; goodness-of-fit p = 0.16 for VT recurrence) and PAINESD (AUC = 0.83; goodness-of-fit p = 0.24 for death/transplant and AUC = 0.68; goodness-of-fit p = 0.58 for VT recurrence) were significantly superior to that of other scores. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with NIDCM and VT undergoing CA, the SHFM and PAINESD risk scores are powerful predictors of recurrent VT and death/transplant during follow-up, with similar performance and significantly superior to other scores. A pre-procedural calculation of the SHFM and PAINESD can be useful to predict outcomes.

10.
J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol ; 30(8): 1215-1228, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31148287

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: We aimed to clarify the effect of vein of Marshall (VOM) ethanol infusion for treating VOM triggers and/or mitral flutter after first-attempt endocardial ablation in patients with nonparoxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF). METHODS AND RESULTS: Of the 254 consecutive patients (age, 56 ± 10 years; 221 male) undergoing catheter ablation for drug-refractory nonparoxysmal AF, 32 (12.6%) received VOM ethanol infusion. The patients were stratified into group 1 (pulmonary vein isolation [PVI], substrate modification, VOM ethanol infusion), group 2 (PVI, substrate modification), and group 3 (PVI alone). Propensity-matched analysis (N = 128) of long-term outcomes (3.9 ± 0.5 years) revealed a higher AF recurrence risk in group 2 (hazard ratio [HR], 4.17; 95% confidence interval [95% CI], 1.63-10.69; P = .003) and group 3 (HR, 1.82; 95% CI, 1.09-3.04; P = .021) than in group 1, as well as a higher atrial arrhythmia recurrence risk in group 2 than in group 1 (HR, 2.42; 95% CI, 1.16-5.03; P = .018). A higher procedural termination rate was observed in group 1 than groups 2 and 3 (41.7% vs 17.2% vs 18.8%; P = .042). On multivariate analysis, VOM ethanol injection was an independent predictor of freedom from recurrence of AF (HR, 0.20; 95% CI, 0.08-0.52; P = .001) and atrial arrhythmia (HR, 0.35; 95% CI, 0.17-0.74; P = .005), whereas a left atrial diameter >45 mm and hypertension were independent risk factors for recurrence. Periprocedural complications rates were comparable among the groups. CONCLUSION: Adjunctive VOM ethanol infusion is effective and safe for treating nonparoxysmal AF in patients with VOM triggers and/or refractory mitral flutter, providing good long-term freedom from AF and atrial arrhythmia.

11.
J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol ; 30(7): 1013-1025, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30977218

RESUMO

AIMS: Most left atrial tachycardia (LAT) is associated with atrial fibrillation (AF). The clinical and electrophysiological characteristics and outcomes of LAT without AF have not been investigated. This study sought to determine the long-term ablation outcomes and predictors of recurrence of isolated LAT. METHODS: This is a single-center study of consecutive patients with isolated LAT. Atrial arrhythmia recurrence was determined from follow-up records of patients who underwent LAT ablation from 2008 to 2017. Clinical and electrophysiologic characteristics associated with atrial arrhythmia recurrence were identified. RESULTS: A total of 50 patients (53 ± 19 years, 46% male) with 59 LAT (1.16 ± 0.47 per patient) were enrolled. Over a mean follow-up of 37 ± 33 months, atrial arrhythmia recurrence occurred in 22 (44%) patients, 11 with atrial tachycardia (AT) only, five with AF only, and six with concurrent AT and AF. The incidence of pulmonary vein (PV) origins increased significantly in the repeat procedure (P = 0.036). Multivariate analysis identified left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) as the only predictor of any atrial arrhythmia recurrence and LAT recurrence, while smoking and identified macroreentrant LAT in the index procedure predicted AF recurrence. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated a higher rate of atrial arrhythmia recurrence, including AF, among patients with initially isolated LAT. A lower LVEF predicted any atrial arrhythmia and LAT recurrence, whereas smoking and index macroreentrant AT mechanism predicted long-term AF. PV ATs were frequently observed in recurrent patients irrespective of index procedure origin.

12.
Heart Rhythm ; 16(9): 1414-1420, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30928785

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Outcomes of ventricular tachycardia (VT) ablation in structural heart disease have been reported to differ by sex. Whether this is due to differences in the underlying arrhythmogenic substrates among patients with nonischemic cardiomyopathy (NICM) remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the characteristics of arrhythmogenic substrates between women and men with NICM. METHODS: We analyzed 160 consecutive patients (26 women) with NICM who were undergoing VT ablation at the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania. Of these 160 patients, 59 (13 women) underwent cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) before the ablation procedure. The arrhythmogenic substrate was analyzed qualitatively and quantitatively by CMR and/or detailed electroanatomic mapping. RESULTS: There were no significant differences in left ventricular scar percentage as defined by CMR (9.5% ± 7.8% in women vs 11.2% ± 8.6% in men; P = .5), endocardial bipolar voltage (<1.5 mV; 11.3% ± 19.3% in women vs 11.5% ± 16.3% in men; P = .4), endocardial unipolar voltage (<8.3 mV; 38.0% ± 30.8% in women vs 45.6% ± 30.9% in men; P = .2), or epicardial bipolar voltage (<1.0 mV; 21.5% ± 38.9% in women vs 10.7% ± 13.9% in men; P = .6). There were no significant differences in scar transmurality as defined by CMR (5 categories: endocardial, midwall, epicardial, transmural, and right ventricular endocardial). Similarly, there were no significant differences in scar distribution as defined by CMR or electroanatomic mapping (anteroseptal vs inferolateral). CONCLUSION: Scar percentage, transmurality, and distribution are similar between women and men with NICM.

13.
Opt Lett ; 44(2): 247-250, 2019 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30644872

RESUMO

Thermal noise in dielectric mirror-coatings is the limiting factor for ultra-high-precision metrologies employing optical cavities and being operated at cryogenic temperatures. Silica film is an indispensable low-refractive-index material for mirror coatings but suffers from high cryogenic mechanical loss and hence contributes to high thermal noise. We partitioned a thick silica film into thin layers by introducing blocking layers of titania. The cryogenic mechanical loss of silica was significantly suppressed; the effect was more profound for thinner partitions. Elimination of the transitions of the long-range two-level systems with scales that exceed the thickness of the silica partition is hypothesized. Dielectric mirror coatings with blocking layers are proposed to reduce the cryogenic thermal noise of the coatings. The calculated reflectance spectrum is consistent with that of the conventional quarter-wave (QW) stack around 1550 nm, and the calculated absorptance increases 2.2 times over that of a conventional titania/silica QW stack where the titania is absorptive.

14.
J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol ; 30(4): 582-592, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30699244

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The reason for recurrence of ventricular arrhythmia (VA) after catheter ablation in patients with arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is not clear. METHODS: In this study, 91 ARVC patients (age, 47 ± 13 years; 47 men) who underwent catheter ablation for drug-refractory ventricular arrhythmia (VA) were enrolled. The patients were categorized into single or multiple procedures (n = 28). The baseline characteristics and electrophysiological features of the patients were examined to elucidate the reason of the VA recurrences. RESULTS: A total of 186 VAs were induced during the index procedure and 176 (94.6%) were eliminated. Successful, partially successful, and failed ablations were achieved in 89.0%, 8.8%, and 2.2% of the patients, respectively. During a mean follow-up period of 32 ± 26 months, 35 patients had VA recurrences. Forty-two repeat procedures were performed for 81 induced VAs in 28 patients. Of the 42 repeat procedures, successful, partially successful, and failed ablations were achieved in 37, 4, and 1 of the procedures, respectively. Most of the recurrent VAs (70 [72.9%]) originated from the newly-developed circuits owing to the scar progression. The patients with repeat procedure had worsening right ventricular remodeling. The multivariate analysis revealed that history as endurance athlete significantly predicted the need of a repeat procedure in spite of the initially successful endocardial/epicardial ablation and negative inducibility (hazard ratio: 3.014, 95% confidence interval: 1.493-6.084, P = 0.002). CONCLUSIONS: In spite of the initial complete VA elimination, history as an athlete was associated with scar progression, RV remodeling, and VA recurrences from the newly developed arrhythmogenic substrates/circuit in ARVC.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30694424

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The right ventricular (RV) septal unipolar voltage (UV) for predicting left ventricular (LV) septal scar wall thickness (WT) remains to be elucidated. METHODS: From 2013 to 2015, data obtained from RV and LV electroanatomic maps of 28 patients (mean age, 53 ± 16 years; 19 men [67.9%]) with/without identified LV septal scars were reviewed. Patients with an RV septal scar were excluded (n = 90). Direct measurement of septal WT was conducted (mean distance, 10.4 ± 3.3 mm). Patients in group 1 had a normal LV substrate, while those in group 2 had an LV septal scar. Fisher's linear discriminant formula was used to determine the dynamic UV criteria. RESULTS: A total of 552 points were collected: 323 in 12 patients from group 1 and 229 in 16 patients from group 2. The UV of the RV septum is capable of identifying the opposite LV endocardial bipolar scar and is proportional to the WT of the interventricular septum. In the absence of an RV endocardial scar, the formula of "RV septal cut-off value = 0.736 × WT - 0.117 mV" has better sensitivity and specificity for predicting the LV septal scar (0.96 vs. 0.68 and 0.91 vs. 0.80, respectively) than the predefined fixed criteria of 8.3 mV with a net reclassification improvement of 25.7% (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The combined measurement of UV and WT is more sensitive than the predefined fixed UV criteria for defining deep scars.

16.
Pacing Clin Electrophysiol ; 42(2): 216-223, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30536679

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Adjunctive driver-guided ablation in addition to pulmonary vein isolation has been proposed as a strategy to improve procedural success and outcomes for various populations with atrial fibrillation (AF). First, this study aimed to evaluate the different mapping techniques for driver/rotor identification and second to evaluate the benefits of driver/rotor-guided ablation in patients with paroxysmal and persistent AF (PerAF). METHODS: We searched the electronic database in PubMed using the keywords "atrial fibrillation," "rotor," "rotational driver," "atrial fibrillation source," and "drivers" for both randomized controlled trials and observational controlled trials. Clinical studies reporting efficacy or safety outcomes of driver-guided ablation for paroxysmal AF or (PerAF) were identified. We performed subgroup analyses comparing different driver mapping methods in patients with PerAF. The odds ratios (ORs) with random effects were analyzed. RESULTS: Out of 175 published articles, seven met the inclusion criteria, of which two were randomized controlled trials, one was quasiexperimental study, and four observational studies (three case-controlled studies and one cross-sectional study). Overall, adjunctive driver-guided ablation was associated with higher rates of acute AF termination (OR: 4.62, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.12-10.08; P < 0.001), lower recurrence of any atrial arrhythmia (OR: 0.44, 95% CI: 0.30-0.065; P < 0.001), and comparable complication incidence. CONCLUSIONS: Adjunctive driver-guided catheter ablation suggested an increased freedom from AF/AT relative to conventional strategies, irrespective of the mapping techniques. Furthermore, phase mapping appears to be superior to electrogram-based driver mapping in PerAF ablation.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/fisiopatologia , Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Ablação por Cateter/métodos , Técnicas Eletrofisiológicas Cardíacas/métodos , Humanos , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
17.
Am J Cardiol ; 122(12): 2049-2054, 2018 12 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30342698

RESUMO

Sudden cardiac death (SCD), the most devastating manifestation of ventricular arrhythmias (VAs), is the leading cause of mortality in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). We hypothesized that the CHA2DS2-VASc score, consisting of age and several clinical risk factors, could be used to estimate the individual risk of SCD/VAs for AF patients. From year 2000 to 2011, 288,181 newly-diagnosed AF patients without antecedent SCD/VAs were identified from "Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database." During the follow-up of 1,065,751 person-years, 11,166 patients experienced SCD/VAs with an annual risk of 1.05% which increased from 0.34% for patients with a CHA2DS2-VASc score of 0% to 2.63% for those with a score of 9. The CHA2DS2-VASc score was a significant predictor of SCD/VAs with an adjusted hazard ratio of 1.21 (95% confidence interval 1.20 to 1.22) per 1 point increment of the score. As the CHA2DS2-VASc score increased from 1 to 9, the hazard ratio of SCD/VAs continuously increased from 1.28 to 4.17 compared with patients with a CHA2DS2-VASc score of 0. In conclusion, CHA2DS2-VASc score was a convenient scoring system which could be used to predict the risk of SCD/VAs in AF patients in addition to its ability for stroke risk stratification.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Morte Súbita Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Sistema de Registros , Medição de Risco/métodos , Taquicardia Ventricular/complicações , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Fibrilação Atrial/mortalidade , Morte Súbita Cardíaca/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Taquicardia Ventricular/diagnóstico , Taquicardia Ventricular/mortalidade , Taiwan/epidemiologia
18.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 7(12)2018 06 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29895588

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Long-term cardiovascular risk in patients with intermediate pauses remains unclear. Whether asymptomatic patients with intermediate pauses have increased future cardiovascular events remains unknown. We hypothesize that intermediate pause is associated with increased cardiovascular risk and mortality. METHODS AND RESULTS: We retrospectively analyzed 5291 patients who have pauses of <3 seconds on 24-hour Holter monitoring. Patients with pauses of 2 to 3 seconds constitute the intermediate pause patients, who are further divided into daytime pause (8:00 am-8:00 pm), nighttime pause (8:00 pm-8:00 am), and daytime plus nighttime pause groups depending on the occurring time of the pauses. The rest of the patients (pause <2 seconds) are the no pause group. The multivariate Cox hazards regression model was used to assess the hazard ratio for mortality (primary outcome) and adverse cardiovascular events (secondary outcome). There were 4859 (91.8%) patients in no pause, 248 (4.7%) in nighttime pause, 103 (1.9%) in daytime pause, and 81 (1.5%) in daytime plus nighttime pause groups. After a follow-up of 8.8±1.7 years' follow-up, 343 (6.5%) patients died. The risk for adverse cardiovascular events, including all-cause hospitalization, cardiovascular-cause hospitalization, pacemaker implantation, new-onset atrial fibrillation/heart failure, and transient ischemic attack, were higher in daytime pause and nighttime pause patients than those in the no pause group. Daytime pause (hazard ratio, 2.35; P=0.008) and daytime plus nighttime pause (hazard ratio, 2.26; P=0.016) patients have a higher mortality rate than that in nighttime pause. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with intermediate pause are associated with increased cardiovascular risk. Intermediate pauses occurring at daytime have a higher mortality rate than that at nighttime during long-term follow-up.


Assuntos
Bradicardia/mortalidade , Bradicardia/fisiopatologia , Ritmo Circadiano , Frequência Cardíaca , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Bradicardia/diagnóstico , Bradicardia/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Taiwan/epidemiologia , Fatores de Tempo
19.
Burns ; 44(4): 800-806, 2018 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29258727

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The Formosa Fun Coast explosion is an internationally-known event that occurred in Taiwan on June 27th, 2015. The blast involved 495 casualties in total, with 253 patients receiving 2nd degree or deeper burns on greater than 40% of the total body surface area (TBSA). Questions were raised regarding whether these victims were sent to the appropriate hospitals or not. Therefore, we analyzed the effect of the initial admission destination in this study. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all of the victims from the explosion who were sent to the emergency department of Linkou and Keelung Chang Gung Memorial Hospitals. Patients were divided by direct admission and received via transfer. The basic demographics, the efficacy of the initial resuscitation and the clinical outcomes were analyzed. RESULTS: In total, forty-six patients were included. Thirty-five of them were primarily admitted, and eleven of them were received via transfer. Between the two groups, there was no significant difference in the resuscitation outcome. The ratio of delaying intubation was similar (14.3% vs 27.3%, p=0.322). The rate of delayed-detected ischemic events was significantly increased in the referral group (0% vs 27.3%, p=0.001). However, there was no amputation event in either group. No difference in mortality was observed between groups (5.7% vs 9.1%, p=0.692). CONCLUSION: Our preliminary findings suggest that local hospitals are capable of providing high-quality acute care to mass casualty burn victims. Our results suggest that patients with suspected limb ischemia should be rapidly transferred to a regional burn center to ensure optimal care. Systemic pre-planning such as employing telemedicine and personnel collaboration, should be considered by the administration to maximize the function of preliminary hospitals in burn care.


Assuntos
Unidades de Queimados , Queimaduras/terapia , Diagnóstico Tardio/estatística & dados numéricos , Explosões , Hospitais , Isquemia/diagnóstico , Incidentes com Feridos em Massa , Transferência de Pacientes/estatística & dados numéricos , Ressuscitação/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Superfície Corporal , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Extremidades/irrigação sanguínea , Feminino , Hospitalização , Humanos , Intubação Intratraqueal/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Encaminhamento e Consulta/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taiwan , Adulto Jovem
20.
J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol ; 29(2): 298-307, 2018 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29071756

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Septal ventricular outflow tract ventricular arrhythmias (OT-VAs) are defined as septal origin VAs from the right ventricular or left ventricular OT. Patients with septal OT-VAs may require a sequential bilateral OT ablation. This study aimed to evaluate the electrophysiological characteristics and ablation outcome in patients with septal OT-VAs. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the electrocardiography and electrophysiological parameters in 96 patients (mean age 49 ± 15 years, 49 male) undergoing bilateral activation mapping before catheter ablation of idiopathic septal OT-VAs. The patients were categorized into three groups based on the successful ablation sites, including the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT), RVOT/left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT), and LVOT. RESULTS: Mapping in the three groups demonstrated a gradually decreasing and increasing trend in the earliest activation time obtained from the RVOT and LVOT, respectively. The absolute earliest activation time discrepancy (AEAD) of ≤18 milliseconds could predict the requirement for a sequential bilateral ablation with a sensitivity and specificity of 100.0% and 93.7%, respectively. The small AEAD (≤21 milliseconds) was associated with a higher recurrence rate in patients receiving a successful unilateral ablation, while patients with a longer distance between the bilateral OT earliest activation sites (DEA > 26 mm) increased future recurrences after an initially successful sequential bilateral ablation. CONCLUSIONS: The application of bilateral OT-VA activation mapping and the measurement of the AEAD and DEA provided not only pivotal information for the ablation strategy, but also prognostic implications for recurrences in patients with septal OT-VAs.


Assuntos
Ablação por Cateter/métodos , Técnicas Eletrofisiológicas Cardíacas , Taquicardia Ventricular/cirurgia , Septo Interventricular/cirurgia , Potenciais de Ação , Adulto , Idoso , Ablação por Cateter/efeitos adversos , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Taquicardia Ventricular/diagnóstico , Taquicardia Ventricular/fisiopatologia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Função Ventricular Direita , Septo Interventricular/fisiopatologia
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