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1.
Am Surg ; : 31348211065119, 2022 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34974733

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Adequate resuscitation and definitive hemostasis are both important in the management of hemorrhage related to pelvic fracture. The goal of this study was to analyze the relationship between the amount of blood transfused before transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) and the clinical outcome later in the disease course. METHODS: Patients with pelvic fractures who underwent TAE for hemostasis from January 2018 to December 2019 were studied. The characteristics of patients who received blood transfusions of >2 U (1000 mL) and ≤2 U before TAE were compared. The mortality rate, blood transfusion-related complications, and length of stay were compared between these two groups. RESULTS: Among the 75 studied patients, 39 (52.0%) received blood transfusions of ≤2 U before TAE, and the other 36 (48.0%) patients received blood transfusions of >2 U before TAE. The incidence rates of systemic inflammatory response syndrome, sepsis, and coagulopathy were significantly higher in the >2 U group (97.2% vs 81.1%, P = .027; 50.0% vs 27.0%, P = .045; and 44.4% vs 5.4%, P < .01, respectively). After nonsurvivors were excluded, the >2 U group had a significantly higher proportion (43.8% vs 14.7%, P < .001) of prolonged intensive care unit (ICU) length of stay (7 days or more) and a longer hospital length of stay (33.8 ± 15.1 vs 21.9 ± 94.0, P < .01) than the ≤2 U group. Pre-TAE blood transfusion >2 U serves as an independent risk factor for prolonged ICU length of stay and increased hospital length of stay. CONCLUSION: Early hemostasis for pelvic fracture-related hemorrhage is suggested to prevent pre-TAE blood transfusion-associated adverse effects of blood transfusion.

2.
Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol ; : CIRCEP121010279, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34847692

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The substrate for ventricular tachycardia (VT) in left ventricular (LV) nonischemic cardiomyopathy may be epicardial. We assessed the prevalence, location, endocardial electrograms, and VT ablation outcomes in LV nonischemic cardiomyopathy with isolated epicardial substrate. METHODS: Forty-seven of 531 (9%) patients with LV nonischemic cardiomyopathy and VT demonstrated normal endocardial (>1.5 mV)/abnormal epicardial bipolar low-voltage area (LVA, <1.0 mV and signal abnormality). Abnormal endocardial unipolar LVA (≤8.3 mV) and endocardial bipolar split electrograms and predictors of ablation success were assessed. RESULTS: Epicardial bipolar LVA (27.3 cm2 [interquartile range, 15.8-50.0]) localized to basal (40), mid (8), and apical (3) LV with basal inferolateral LV most common (28/47, 60%). Of 44 endocardial maps available, 40 (91%) had endocardial unipolar LVA (24.5 cm2 [interquartile range, 9.4-68.5]) and 29 (67%) had characteristic normal amplitude endocardial split electrograms opposite the epicardial LVA. At mean of 34 months, the VT-free survival was 55% after one and 72% after multiple procedures. Greater endocardial unipolar LVA than epicardial bipolar LVA (hazard ratio, 10.66 [CI, 2.63-43.12], P=0.001) and number of inducible VTs (hazard ratio, 1.96 [CI, 1.27-3.00], P=0.002) were associated with VT recurrence. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with LV nonischemic cardiomyopathy and VT, the substrate may be confined to epicardial and commonly basal inferolateral. LV endocardial unipolar LVA and normal amplitude bipolar split electrograms identify epicardial LVA. Ablation targeting epicardial VT and substrate achieves good long-term VT-free survival. Greater endocardial unipolar than epicardial bipolar LVA and more inducible VTs predict VT recurrence.

4.
Europace ; 2021 Dec 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34939091

RESUMO

AIMS: For patients with typical and atypical atrial flutter (AFL) but without history of atrial fibrillation (AF), the long-term cardiovascular (CV) outcomes after catheter ablation for AFL remain unclear. We compared the long-term all-cause mortality and CV outcomes in patients with AFL receiving catheter ablation compared with the results with medical therapy. METHODS AND RESULTS: Atrial flutter patients receiving catheter ablation for typical AFL were identified using the Health Insurance Database, and constituted the 'AFL ablation group'. Patients with typical and atypical AFL but without ablation (AFL without ablation group) were propensity matched to the AFL ablation group. Patients with prior AF diagnosis were excluded. Primary outcomes included all-cause and CV mortality, heart failure (HF) hospitalization, and stroke. The multivariable cox hazards regression model was used to evaluate the hazard ratio (HR) for study outcomes. A total of 3784 AFL patients (1892 patients in each group) was studied. Their mean follow-up durations were 7.85 ± 2.57 years (AFL without ablation group) and 8.31 ± 4.53 years (AFL ablation group). Atrial flutter with ablation patients had lower risks of all-cause mortality (HR: 0.68, P < 0.001), CV deaths (HR: 0.78, P = 0.001), HF hospitalization (HR: 0.84, P = 0.01), and stroke (HR: 0.80, P = 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Catheter ablation for AFL in patients without prior AF was associated with lower risks of all-cause mortality and CV events compared with AFL patients without ablation during long-term follow-ups.

5.
J Pers Med ; 11(12)2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34945741

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Traumatic hollow viscus injury (THVI) is one of the most difficult challenges in the trauma setting. Computed tomography (CT) is the most common modality used to diagnose THVI; however, various performance outcomes of CT have been reported. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to analyze how precise and reliable CT is as a tool for the assessment of THVI. METHOD: A systematic review and meta-analysis were conducted on studies on the use of CT to diagnose THVI. Publications were retrieved by performing structured searches in databases, review articles and major textbooks. For the statistical analysis, summary receiver operating characteristic (SROC) curves were constructed using hierarchical models. RESULTS: Sixteen studies enrolling 12,514 patients were eligible for the final analysis. The summary sensitivity and specificity of CT for the diagnosis of THVI were 0.678 (95% CI: 0.501-0.809) and 0.969 (95% CI: 0.920-0.989), respectively. The summary false positive rate was 0.031 (95% CI 0.011-0.071). CONCLUSION: In this meta-analysis, we found that CT had indeterminate sensitivity and excellent specificity for the diagnosis of THVI.

6.
Rev Cardiovasc Med ; 22(4): 1295-1309, 2021 Dec 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34957771

RESUMO

Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is an inherited cardiomyopathy caused by defective desmosomal proteins. The typical histopathological finding of ARVC is characterized by progressive fibrofatty infiltration of the right ventricle due to the dysfunction of cellular adhesion molecules, thus, developing arrhythmogenic substrates responsible for the clinical manifestation of ventricular tachycardia/fibrillation (VT/VF). Current guidelines recommend implantable cardiac defibrillator (ICD) implantation to prevent sudden cardiac death (SCD) in ARVC, especially for those experiencing VT/VF or aborted SCD, while antiarrhythmic drugs, despite their modest effectiveness and several undesirable adverse effects, are frequently used for those experiencing episodes of ICD interventions. Given the advances in mapping and ablation technologies, catheter ablation has been implemented to eliminate drug-refractory VT in ARVC. A better understanding of the pathogenesis, underlying arrhythmogenic substrates, and putative VT isthmus in ARVC contributes to a significant improvement in ablation outcomes through comprehensive endocardial and epicardial approaches. Regardless of ablation strategies, there is a diversity of arrhythmogenic substrates in ARVC, which could partly explain the nonuniform ablation outcome and long-term recurrences and reflect the role of potential factors in the modification of disease progression and triggering of arrhythmic events.

7.
Int J Cardiol ; 2021 Dec 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34954276

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The presence of bipolar low-voltage zone (LVZ) is a predictor of AF recurrence after PV isolation (PVI). However, changes of wavefront and bipole directions may cause different electrogram characteristics. We aimed to investigate whether using omnipolar maximum voltage (Vmax) map derived from high density (HD) Grid mapping catheter could assess LVZ and AF ablation outcome accurately. METHODS: Fifty paroxysmal AF patients (27 males, 57.8 ± 9.5 years old) who underwent 3D mapping guided PVI were enrolled. Left atrial voltage mapping during sinus rhythm before ablation was performed. The significant LVZ (<0.5 mV with area > 5 cm2) were defined as sites by omnipolar Vmax, bipolar HD wave map, conventional bipolar electrograms acquired from electrode pairs along to and across to the catheter shaft. The primary end point was the first documented recurrence of any AF during follow-ups. RESULTS: PVI was performed in all patients, and there were 2 patients (4%) who also received additional non-PV triggers ablation. After a follow-up of 11.4 ± 5.4 months, recurrence of AF occurred in 12 patients (24%). The presence of a significant LVZ was less detected by omnipolar Vmax map, compared to HD wave map (24.0% vs. 58.0%, p = 0.001). LVZ detected by omnipolar Vmax map independently predicted the AF recurrence (odds ratio 16.91; 95% CI, 3.17-90.10; p = 0.001). CONCLUSION: LVZ detected by omnipolar Vmax map accurately predicts the AF recurrence following ablation in paroxysmal AF, compared to conventional bipolar and HD wave maps, suggesting the omnipolar Vmax map can precisely define the atrial substrate property.

8.
J Pers Med ; 11(11)2021 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34834419

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Multiple rib fractures is a common chest trauma with a significant and sustained impact on pulmonary function and quality of life. Continuous monitoring of the pulmonary function parameter was necessary to adjust the therapeutic goals in these patients. We developed an internet-based remote system for lung function monitoring with a remote spirometry and smart device application to follow up these patients consecutively. METHOD: From Jan 2021 to April 2021, we conducted a prospective study that applied an intelligent spirometry system for patients with multiple rib fractures. With informed consent, we collected clinical data from them and introduced the remote spirometry system. We followed up with these patients for 12 weeks after trauma and compared the recovery of pulmonary function parameters and clinical outcomes. RESULT: A total of 21 patients were enrolled in our study. We divided them into two groups by the compliance to this remote spirometry system. The improvement of forced vital capacity was better in the good compliance group than the poor compliance group (110% versus 21%, p value 0.049). Moreover, the complication rate was also lower in the good compliance group than the poor compliance group (10% versus 66.7% p value 0.017). CONCLUSIONS: Remote spirometry system is a novel system that can help in lung rehabilitation in patients with multiple rib fractures. Patients that cooperate well with this system presented superior lung function improvement and inferior complication rate.

9.
Injury ; 2021 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34756739

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: For patients sustaining major trauma, preinjury warfarin use may make adequate haemostasis difficult. This study aimed to determine whether preinjury warfarin would result in more haemostatic interventions (transarterial embolization [TAE] or surgeries) and a higher failure rate of nonoperative management for blunt hepatic, splenic or renal injuries. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) from 2003 to 2015. Patients with hepatic, splenic or renal injuries were identified. The primary outcome measurement was the need for invasive procedures to stop bleeding. One-to-two propensity score matching (PSM) was used to minimize selection bias. RESULTS: A total of 37,837 patients were enrolled in the study, and 156 (0.41%) had preinjury warfarin use. With proper 1:2 PSM, patients who received warfarin preinjury were found to require more haemostatic interventions (39.9% vs. 29.1%, p=0.016). The differences between the two study groups were that patients with preinjury warfarin required more TAE than the controls (16.3% vs 8.2%, p = 0.009). No significant increases were found in the need for surgeries (exploratory laparotomy (5.2% vs 3.6%, p = 0.380), hepatorrhaphy (9.2% vs 7.2%, p = 0.447), splenectomy (13.1% vs 13.7%, p = 0.846) or nephrectomy (2.0% vs 0.7%, p = 0.229)). Seven out of 25 patients (28.0%) in the warfarin group required further operations after TAE, which was not significantly different from that in the nonwarfarin group (four out of 25 patients, 16.0%, p = 0.306) CONCLUSION: Preinjury warfarin increases the need for TAE but not surgeries. With proper haemostasis with TAE and resuscitation, nonoperative management can still be applied to patients with preinjury warfarin sustaining blunt hepatic, splenic or renal injuries. Patients with preinjury warfarin had a higher risk for surgery after TAE.

10.
Polymers (Basel) ; 13(19)2021 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34641143

RESUMO

Oral biofilm reactor (OBR) and pH cycling (pHC) artificial caries model were employed to evaluate the anti-demineralization effects of four composite filling systems on enamel-root dentin junction. Sixty-four enamel-root dentin blocks (6 mm × 6 mm × 2 mm) each with a cylindrical cavity were randomly assigned to the pHC and OBR group, then four subgroups (n = 8) and filled with either the Beautifil II (BEF, SPRG-filler-containing) or Estelite (EST) composite after the adhesive (either Single Bond Universal (SBU) or FL Bond II (FL, SPRG-filler-containing)). The demineralization lesions of filling interface were examined by micro-computerized tomography (µCT) and swept-source-optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT). According to the degree of interface damage, the caries lesions were sorted into four types: Type A and B (no attachment loss); Type C and D (attachment loss). EST/SBU showed the worst demineralization lesion and attachment loss (100% Type D), while BEF/FL exhibited the shallowest lesion depth (p < 0.05, 145 ± 45 µm on enamel, 275 ± 35 µm on root dentin) and no attachment loss (75% Type A and 25% Type B). Using FL adhesive alone does not effectively reduce enamel demineralization. BEF plays a leading role in acid resistance. The combination of BEF and FL showed a cumulative synergistic effect on anti-demineralization.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34468890

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The relationship between height and incident atrial fibrillation (AF) has recently been demonstrated. We aimed to evaluate the impact of height on outcomes of ablation in patients with drug-refractory symptomatic paroxysmal AF (PAF). METHODS: A total of 689 patients (470 males; age, 53.0 ± 11.7 years) with symptomatic paroxysmal AF receiving index catheter ablation (CA) between 2003 and 2013 were enrolled in this study. The baseline characteristics, ablation, and follow-up results were evaluated. The patients were categorized according to the quartiles of height for each sex. RESULTS: Patients in the lower quartiles of height had a lower incidence of AF recurrence (log-rank p = 0.022). Height in female patients was strongly associated with AF recurrence (p = 0.027) after an index ablation in the 6.33 ± 4.32 years of follow-up. Female patients > 159 cm in height had a higher likelihood of AF recurrence after index CA (HR = 2.01, 95% CI: 1.24-3.25, p = 0.005) than that in those below this height. In computed tomography (CT) scan, the superoinferior diameter of the left atrium (LA) correlated with body height in females, but not in male patients. CONCLUSIONS: Height is associated with AF recurrence after the index CA of PAF in female patients. In Asian populations, women above height 159 cm are twice as likely to have AF recurrence post-ablation as shorter women.

12.
Pacing Clin Electrophysiol ; 44(10): 1724-1732, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34449092

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) prevalence increases with age. Aging affects the substrate properties of the left atrium (LA) and the outcomes of catheter ablation for treating AF. We investigated the AF trigger distribution and catheter ablation outcomes in patients of different ages with AF. METHODS: 1585 patients with AF (1181 paroxysmal and 404 non- paroxysmal AF) who had undergone catheter ablation were enrolled. The patients were divided into young (20-40 year-old, n = 175), middle-aged (41-64 year-old, n = 1134), and old (≥ 65 year-old, n = 276) groups. Electrophysiological characteristics and AF trigger sites were recorded. RESULT: The incidence of AF with only non-pulmonary vein (non-PV) foci was higher in the young group than in the other groups (8.6% vs. 3.6% vs. 3.3%, p < 0.01). Non-PV foci were more commonly located in the superior vena cava (SVC) in the young group than in the other groups (13.1% vs. 7.8% vs. 6.5%, p = 0.03). The left atrium (LA) mean voltage was higher and the incidence of very late recurrence after AF ablation was lower in the young group than in the other groups. However, the final AF recurrence rate after multiple procedures and complication rates were similar among all the groups at a mean follow-up of 5.6 years. CONCLUSION: The young patients with AF had a higher incidence of only non-PV foci, mostly located in SVC, than the middle-aged and old patients. Our study highlights the importance of identifying the non-PV foci in catheter ablation of young patients with AF.

13.
Int Heart J ; 62(4): 779-785, 2021 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34234078

RESUMO

Whether deep sedation with intravenous anesthesia will affect the recurrence after cryoballoon ablation (CBA) of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF) is yet to be examined. Thus, in this study, we hypothesize that there is difference in terms of the recurrence between local anesthesia and deep sedation with intravenous anesthesia after an index ablation procedure.In total, 109 patients were enrolled and received CBA, of which 68 (58.2 years) patients underwent pulmonary vein (PV) isolation with a local anesthesia (group 1) and 41 patients (63.2 years) underwent PV isolation with deep sedation using intravenous anesthesia (group 2).During the index procedure, isolation of all major PVs was achieved in 66 patients in group 1 and in 41 patients in group 2. There was no difference in non-PV triggers between the two groups. The periprocedural complication was found to be similar between the two groups (2.9% in group 1 and 4.9% in group 2). Further, 17 patients in group 1 and 4 patients in group 2 experienced recurrences after a follow-up of 19.3 months (P = 0.019). Repeat procedures revealed similar PV reconnection rates between the two groups. It has also been noted that the number of reconnected PV and incidence of atypical flutter seem to increase in group 1.Deep sedation with intravenous anesthesia during CBA for paroxysmal AF is safe and had a better long-term outcome than those with local anesthesia.


Assuntos
Anestesia Intravenosa/estatística & dados numéricos , Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Criocirurgia/estatística & dados numéricos , Sedação Profunda/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
14.
Acta Cardiol Sin ; 37(4): 337-354, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34257484

RESUMO

Fabry disease (FD) is an X-linked, rare inherited lysosomal storage disease caused by α-galactosidase A gene variants resulting in deficient or undetectable α-galactosidase A enzyme activity. Progressive accumulation of pathogenic globotriaosylceramide and its deacylated form globotriaosylsphingosine in multiple cell types and organs is proposed as main pathophysiology of FD, with elicited pro-inflammatory cascade as alternative key pathological process. The clinical manifestations may present with either early onset and multisystemic involvement (cutaneous, neurological, nephrological and the cardiovascular system) with a progressive disease nature in classic phenotype, or present with a later-onset course with predominant cardiac involvement (non-classical or cardiac variant; e.g. IVS4+919G>A in Taiwan) from missense variants. In either form, cardiac involvement is featured by progressive cardiac hypertrophy, myocardial fibrosis, various arrhythmias, and heart failure known as Fabry cardiomyopathy with potential risk of sudden cardiac death. Several plasma biomarkers and advances in imaging modalities along with novel parameters, cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR: native T1/T2 mapping) for myocardial tissue characterization or echocardiographic deformations, have shown promising performance in differentiating from other etiologies of cardiomyopathy and are presumed to be helpful in assessing the extent of cardiac involvement of FD and in guiding or monitoring subsequent treatment. Early recognition from extra-cardiac red flag signs either in classic form or red flags from cardiac manifestations in cardiac variants, and awareness from multispecialty team work remains the cornerstone for timely managements and beneficial responses from therapeutic interventions (e.g. oral chaperone therapy or enzyme replacement therapy) prior to irreversible organ damage. We aim to summarize contemporary knowledge based on literature review and the gap or future perspectives in clinical practice of FD-related cardiomyopathy in an attempt to form a current expert consensus in Taiwan.

15.
Korean Circ J ; 51(8): 668-680, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34227269

RESUMO

Most important international guidelines recommend the use of CHA2DS2-VASc and HAS-BLED scores for stroke and bleeding risk assessments in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients, respectively. The 2020 AF guidelines of European Society of Cardiology have revised the definition of "C: congestive heart failure (HF)" component, and now patients with either HF with reduced ejection fraction or preserved ejection fraction should be assigned 1 point. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy was also included. Besides, the revised "V: vascular diseases" component included both prior myocardial infarction and "angiographically significant coronary artery disease". It is important to understand that the stroke and bleeding risks of AF patients were not static and should be re-assessed regularly. A high HAS-BLED score itself should not be the only reason to withhold or discontinue oral anticoagulants, but remind physicians for the corrections of modifiable bleeding risk factors and more regular follow up. In the future, the AF duration and left atrial function may play an important role for personalized evaluation of individual stroke risk while more studies are necessary.

16.
Circ J ; 85(8): 1245-1253, 2021 07 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34092760

RESUMO

Stroke prevention is the cornerstone of management of atrial fibrillation (AF), and non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) are commonly prescribed. Because routine monitoring of anticoagulant effects of NOACs is not necessary, appropriate dosing following the criteria of each NOACs defined in pivotal randomized trials is important. Real-world data demonstrate that underdosing NOACs is associated with a higher risk of ischemic stroke without a lower risk of major bleeding. Furthermore, renal function of AF patients should be assessed using the Cockcroft-Gault formula to prevent overestimation that could result in overdosing of NOACs. The assessment of bleeding risk is important, and the HAS-BLED score should be used to help identify patients at high risk of bleeding (HAS-BLED score ≥3). Moreover, the HAS-BLED score should be reassessed at periodic intervals to address potentially modifiable bleeding risk factors because bleeding risks of AF patients are not static. When managing NOAC-related bleeding episodes, the possibility of occult malignancies (e.g., grastrointestinal [GI] tract cancers for patients experiencing GI bleeding and bladder cancer for patients with hematuria) should be kept in mind. Addressing all of these issues is crucial to achieving better clinical outcomes for anticoagulated AF patients. More efforts are necessary to incorporate clear and easy-to-follow recommendations about optimal management of anticoagulation into the guidelines to improve AF patient care.

17.
J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol ; 32(7): 1857-1864, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33993572

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Esophageal injury during atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation is a life-threatening complication. We sought to measure the association of esophageal temperature attenuation with radiofrequency (RF) electrode impedance, contact force, and distance from the esophagus. METHODS: The retrospective study cohort included 35 patients with mean age 64 ± 10 years, of whom 74.3% were male, and 40% had persistent AF. All patients had undergone preprocedural cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) followed by AF ablation with luminal esophageal temperature monitoring. Lesion locations were co-registered with CMR image segmentations of left atrial and esophageal anatomy. Luminal esophageal temperature, time matched RF lesion data, and ablation distance from the nearest esophageal location were collected as panel data. RESULTS: Luminal esophageal temperature changes corresponding to 3667 distinct lesions, delivered with mean power 27.9 ± 5.5 W over a mean duration of 22.2 ± 10.5 s were analyzed. In multivariable analyses, clustered per patient, examining posterior wall lesions only, and adjusted for lesion power and duration as set by the operator, lesion distance from the esophagus (-0.003°C/mm, p < .001), and baseline impedance (-0.015°C/Ω, p < .001) were associated with changes in luminal esophageal temperature. CONCLUSION: Esophageal luminal temperature rises are associated with shorter lesion distance from esophagus and lower baseline impedance during RF lesion delivery. When procedural strategy requires RF delivery near the esophagus, selection of sites with higher baseline impedance may improve safety.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Ablação por Cateter , Idoso , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico por imagem , Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Ablação por Cateter/efeitos adversos , Impedância Elétrica , Eletrodos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Temperatura
18.
Pacing Clin Electrophysiol ; 44(6): 1085-1093, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33932305

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The efficacy of stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) as an alternative treatment for recurrent ventricular tachycardia (VT) is still unclear. This study aimed to report the outcome of SBRT in VT patients with nonischemic cardiomyopathy (NICM). METHODS: The determination of the target substrate for radiation was based on the combination of CMR results and electroanatomical mapping merged with the real-time CT scan image. Radiation therapy was performed by Flattening-filter-free (Truebeam) system, and afterward, patients were followed up for 13.5 ± 2.8 months. We analyzed the outcome of death, incidence of recurrent VT, ICD shocks, anti-tachycardia pacing (ATP) sequences, and possible irradiation side-effects. RESULTS: A total of three cases of NICM patients with anteroseptal scar detected by CMR. SBRT was successfully performed in all patients. During the follow-up, we found that VT recurrences occurred in all patients. In one patient, it happened during a 6-week blanking period, while the others happened afterward. Re-hospitalization due to VT only appeared in one patient. Through ICD interrogation, we found that all patients have reduced VT burden and ATP therapies. All of the patients died during the follow-up period. Radiotherapy-related adverse events did not occur in all patients. CONCLUSIONS: SBRT therapy reduces the number of VT burden and ATP sequence therapy in NICM patients with VT, which had a failed previous catheter ablation. However, the efficacy and safety aspects, especially in NICM cases, remained unclear.

19.
Int J Cardiol Heart Vasc ; 34: 100787, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33997260

RESUMO

Background: The stroke risk scoring system for atrial fibrillation (AF) patients can vary considerably based on patients' status while receiving ablation. This study aimed to demonstrate a novel scoring system for stroke risk stratification based on the status of catheter ablation. Methods: First, 787 patients with AF undergoing ablation were matched according to age, sex, and underlying diseases with the same number of patients not undergoing ablation using the propensity-score (PS)-matched cohort. Multivariate Cox model-derived coefficients were used to construct a simple point-based clinical model using the PS-matched cohort. Thereafter, the novel model (AF-CA-Stroke score) was validated in a nationwide AF cohort. Results: The AF-CA-Stroke score was calculated based on age (point = 5), ablation status (point = 4), prior history of stroke (point = 4), chronic kidney disease (point = 2), diabetes mellitus (point = 1), and congestive heart failure (point = 1). Risk function to predict the 1-, 5-, 10-year absolute stroke risks was reported. The estimated area under the receive operating characteristic curve of the AF-CA-Stroke score in the PS-matched cohort was 0.845 (95% confidence interval: 0.824-0.865) to predict long-term stroke. A validation study showed that discrimination abilities in the AF-CA-Stroke scores were significantly higher than those in the CHADS2/CHA2DS2-VASc scores. The best cut-off value of the AF-CA-Stroke score to predict future strokes was ≥ 5. Conclusions: This novel model-based point scoring system effectively identifies stroke risk using clinical factors and AF ablation status of patients with AF. Various age stratifications and AF ablation should be considered in AF management.

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