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1.
Environ Pollut ; 265(Pt A): 114763, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32806428

RESUMO

Ubiquitous exposure to endocrine disruptive chemicals (EDC) among women of reproductive age is alarming. Exposure to EDCs could be contributing to infertility. We determined the association between common EDCs and self-reported infertility among U.S. women, 18-45 years of age using the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES) for periods 2013-2014 and 2015-2016. A cross-sectional study on reproductive age women was conducted. Available important sociodemographic variables, and urinary concentrations of parabens (methyl paraben [MP], ethyl paraben [EP], propyl paraben [PP], and butyl paraben [BP]), Benzophenone-3 (BP-3), Bisphenol-A (BPA), and triclosan (TCS) were obtained from the NHANES databases. Clustering among EDCs were obtained using variable cluster analysis. Relative risk regression models were used to estimate associations of individual and combined EDCs with self-reported infertility after applying appropriate survey weights to account for the complex survey design as well as to compensate for the four-year cycle. Results were summarized using prevalence ratio (PR) with 95% confidence interval (CI). Of total 789 individuals included in the study, 14% (95%CI: 11%-18%) had infertility. MP and PP were detected in 99% of urine samples, BP in 46%, EP and BP-3 in 96%, BPA in 94% and TCS in 73%. Self-reported infertility was significantly associated with combined score of BP-3, BPA and TCS (PR = 1.13, p = 0.007), and above detection level of EP (PR = 1.57, p = 0.025) even after adjusting for potential confounders. Our results suggested the EP and mixtures of benzophenones, TCS, and BPA were associated with infertility among the U.S. women. However, because of the limitations inherent to the cross-sectional study design, prospective cohort studies are warranted to confirm these findings.


Assuntos
Infertilidade Feminina , Triclosan , Adolescente , Adulto , Benzofenonas , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Parabenos , Estudos Prospectivos , Adulto Jovem
2.
J Perinat Med ; 48(5): 446-449, 2020 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-260592

RESUMO

The novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has caused a rapid and massive transition to online education. We describe the response of our Office of Faculty Development at Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center El Paso (TTUHSC EP) to this unprecedented challenge during and after this post-pandemic crisis. The initiatives for emergency transition to eLearning and faculty development described in this paper may serve as a model for other academic health centers, schools, colleges and universities.

3.
J Perinat Med ; 48(5): 446-449, 2020 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32401229

RESUMO

The novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has caused a rapid and massive transition to online education. We describe the response of our Office of Faculty Development at Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center El Paso (TTUHSC EP) to this unprecedented challenge during and after this post-pandemic crisis. The initiatives for emergency transition to eLearning and faculty development described in this paper may serve as a model for other academic health centers, schools, colleges and universities.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Instrução por Computador/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus , Educação Profissionalizante/métodos , Docentes/organização & administração , Internet , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Desenvolvimento de Pessoal/organização & administração , Educação Profissionalizante/organização & administração , Humanos , Desenvolvimento de Pessoal/métodos , Texas
5.
Hosp Pediatr ; 8(5): 274-279, 2018 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29636365

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Inconsistent results have been reported by authors of studies of the management of pediatric patients with ovarian torsion (OT). Our objective was to identify predictors of oophorectomy in girls hospitalized throughout Texas with OT. METHODS: The Texas Public Use Data File (years 2013-2014) was queried for the records of girls under the age of 18 years who had a principal or secondary discharge diagnosis of OT (International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification code 620.5). Adjusted odds ratios were estimated from a logistic regression model by using Firth's bias-reducing penalized likelihood. Variables for inclusion in the final model were identified by using a directed acyclic graph. RESULTS: A sample of 158 girls was identified with an overall risk of oophorectomy during the hospital stay of 41.1% (65 out of 158). After adjusting for the patient's age, health insurance status, and the presence of an ovarian cyst, girls who were treated at a nonteaching hospital were more than twice as likely to undergo oophorectomy than girls who were treated at a teaching hospital (odds ratio = 2.22; 95% confidence interval: 1.05-4.69). CONCLUSIONS: Our analysis of a statewide database revealed that girls with OT who presented at nonteaching hospitals were significantly more likely to undergo oophorectomy compared with girls who presented at teaching hospitals.


Assuntos
Hospitais de Ensino/estatística & dados numéricos , Doenças Ovarianas/cirurgia , Ovariectomia , Anormalidade Torcional/cirurgia , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Razão de Chances , Doenças Ovarianas/diagnóstico , Doenças Ovarianas/epidemiologia , Ovariectomia/estatística & dados numéricos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Texas/epidemiologia , Anormalidade Torcional/diagnóstico , Anormalidade Torcional/epidemiologia
6.
Clin Teach ; 15(6): 457-461, 2018 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28994515

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pelvic ultrasound is a critical diagnostic imaging tool in obstetrics and gynaecology. Training opportunities in transvaginal ultrasound have not kept pace with the demand among learners because of the increased complexity of modern ultrasound technology and duty-hour restrictions. Ultrasound simulation training has the potential to overcome this gap. Training opportunities in transvaginal ultrasound have not kept pace with the demand OBJECTIVE: Our study aimed to determine the usefulness, applicability and attitudes toward pelvic ultrasound simulation training among residents, sonographers and practising doctors. METHODS: Pelvic ultrasound simulation activity using high-fidelity virtual reality ultrasound simulators lasted 4 hours and consisted of three modules: abnormal uterine bleeding, adnexal masses and bleeding in pregnancy. All learners completed a pre- and post-encounter quiz, and an anonymous post-simulation survey on the relevance of ultrasound simulation to clinical learning, and its usefulness to improve scanning performance and interpretation skills. RESULTS: Thirty-one participants attended the workshop, and 28 (90.3%) of them responded to the survey. Five respondents agreed and 23 strongly agreed that pelvic ultrasound simulation applies to their clinical ultrasound practice, and seven of them agreed and 21 strongly agreed that their performance of ultrasound and interpretation skills will be improved following their simulation training. The average post-activity knowledge score for all three topics significantly increased (paired Student's t-test, p < 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: All 28 respondents believe that ultrasound simulation is a useful complement to learning with real patients, with the potential to improve their pelvic ultrasound performance, interpretation skills and clinical reasoning.


Assuntos
Exame Ginecológico/métodos , Ginecologia/educação , Pessoal de Saúde/educação , Obstetrícia/educação , Treinamento por Simulação/métodos , Ultrassonografia/métodos , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gravidez
7.
Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol ; 218: 123-128, 2017 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28985546

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of letrozole in combination with low dose gonadotropins for ovulation induction in anovulatory infertility from polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and controlled ovarian stimulation for endometriosis, and unexplained infertility patients. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study in a setting of private Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility Clinic affiliated with the University. Three hundred couples (650 cycles) requiring OI/COS for PCOS (92 patients, 195 cycles), endometriosis (89 patients, 217 cycles), and unexplained infertility (119 patients, 238 cycles). Patients received 2.5mg or 5mg letrozole for 5days (D3-D7) and recombinant follicle-stimulating hormone on alternating D3-D7 and human menopausal gonadotropin-highly purified alternating D5-D10 until growth of ideally 2 mature follicles. Ovulation was triggered with 10,000 IU of HCG. Maximum number of cycles per patient was four. RESULTS: Main outcome measures were clinical pregnancy rates, multiple order pregnancy rates, miscarriage rates, number of follicles and endometrial thickness on the day of HCG administration. The cumulative incidence of pregnancy was estimated as 35% (95%CI: 29%-41%) overall and was highest in patients with PCOS (36.6%), followed by unexplained infertility (34.6%) and endometriosis (32.5%). The pregnancy rates per cycle in PCOS, endometriosis and unexplained infertility patients were 17%, 13.2% and 17.2% respectively, no statistically significant difference between the groups. There were three twin pregnancies in PCOS, and one in unexplained infertility group. Monofolliculogenesis was noted in 48% of patients. CONCLUSION(S): Letrozole-low dose gonadotropins combination appears to be effective across different causes of infertility for superovulation. The letrozole-low dose gonadotropin combination resulted in high rate of monofolliculogenesis, low occurrence of multiple gestations and no case of OHSS or cycle cancellation.


Assuntos
Fármacos para a Fertilidade Feminina/farmacologia , Hormônio Foliculoestimulante/farmacologia , Gonadotropinas/farmacologia , Nitrilos/farmacologia , Folículo Ovariano/efeitos dos fármacos , Indução da Ovulação/métodos , Triazóis/farmacologia , Adulto , Quimioterapia Combinada , Endometriose/complicações , Feminino , Fármacos para a Fertilidade Feminina/administração & dosagem , Hormônio Foliculoestimulante/administração & dosagem , Gonadotropinas/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Infertilidade Feminina/etiologia , Letrozol , Masculino , Nitrilos/administração & dosagem , Ovulação/efeitos dos fármacos , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/complicações , Gravidez , Taxa de Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos , Triazóis/administração & dosagem
8.
J Perinat Med ; 45(6): 745-758, 2017 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28063264

RESUMO

The preimplantation ultrasound (US) refers to targeted imaging of the uterus and adnexa prior to assisted reproductive techniques (ART) to optimize the infertility treatment outcomes. After a thorough evidence based literature review, we propose the use of transvaginal three-dimensional (3D) US during the early follicular phase. A systematic approach for 3D US examination consists of a detailed examination of the uterine shape, size and contour, evaluation of the endometrial thickness, volume, pattern and vascularity, and assessment of the junctional zone regularity, echogenicity and thickness. Uterine anatomy is explored in the coronal plane by simultaneous visualization of the uterine cavity, the external surface of the fundus and cervix. Saline infusion sonogram (SIS) is recommended for patients with increased endometrial volume, abnormal endometrial pattern and irregular uterine cavity shape suggestive of Müllerian duct anomalies or acquired intracavitary abnormalities. Myometrial lesions should be recognized and proper dimensions and locations should be ascertained. Ovarian dimensions and volume are measured and the antral follicle count is recorded. Adnexa are carefully assessed for masses, endometriosis and dilated tubes. Color power Doppler US may be applied to evaluate vascularity of the ovaries and pelvic lesions. Hysterosalpingo-contrast-sonography (Hy-Co-Sy) should be optimally utilized for assessment of tubal patency. Accessibility and mobility of the ovaries should be checked in real time for better planning of the ultrasound-guided oocyte retrieval. The cul-de-sac is assessed for the presence of free fluid or masses.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Reprodução Assistida , Ultrassonografia , Doenças Uterinas/diagnóstico por imagem , Útero/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Imageamento Tridimensional , Útero/anormalidades
9.
J Clin Ultrasound ; 43(5): 327-34, 2015 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25042165

RESUMO

Arteriovenous malformations (AVM) of the uterus can cause life-threatening hemorrhage. Unexplained, heavy vaginal bleeding in a reproductive age woman should raise suspicion for an AVM. Here a 37-year-old woman had increasingly severe vaginal bleeding for 15 days. Serum ß-hCG was elevated. Two-dimensional transvaginal ultrasound suggested retained products of conception. Before dilation and curettage (D&C), color Doppler and three-dimensional (3D) power Doppler demonstrated findings indicative of uterine AVM. A bilateral uterine artery embolization was performed without complications. Three months after uterine artery embolization, 3D power Doppler ultrasonography found complete resolution of the AVM. This case illustrates the importance of assessing both gray-scale and 3D power Doppler, and the ability of postprocedure Doppler to assess resolution.


Assuntos
Malformações Arteriovenosas/diagnóstico por imagem , Malformações Arteriovenosas/terapia , Imageamento Tridimensional , Ultrassonografia Doppler , Embolização da Artéria Uterina , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Artéria Uterina/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Uterina/cirurgia
10.
J Clin Ultrasound ; 39(6): 351-5, 2011 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21500201

RESUMO

We report the case of a 39-year-old woman who presented with a pelvic mass extending into the upper abdomen. Transabdominal sonography revealed a complex left adnexal mass. Color Doppler imaging and spectral Doppler analysis showed increased vascularity with low impedance blood flow signals, suggestive of neovascularization. The patient underwent a laparotomy and a 56-kg predominantly cystic tumor was removed from the left adnexal region. The patient died 3 months later with pulmonary metastases and massive pulmonary hemorrhage. Postmortem resampling of the ovarian tumor initially diagnosed as mucinous cystadenoma showed nodular areas of malignant pleomorphic cells consistent with angiosarcoma.


Assuntos
Cistadenoma Mucinoso/diagnóstico por imagem , Cistadenoma Mucinoso/patologia , Hemangiossarcoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Hemangiossarcoma/patologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Adulto , Evolução Fatal , Feminino , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Ultrassonografia
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