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1.
J Stat Phys ; 180(1): 1128-1166, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32801394

RESUMO

We construct the stress-energy tensor correlation functions in probabilistic Liouville conformal field theory (LCFT) on the two-dimensional sphere S 2 by studying the variation of the LCFT correlation functions with respect to a smooth Riemannian metric on S 2 . In particular we derive conformal Ward identities for these correlation functions. This forms the basis for the construction of a representation of the Virasoro algebra on the canonical Hilbert space of the LCFT. In Kupiainen et al. (Commun Math Phys 371:1005-1069, 2019) the conformal Ward identities were derived for one and two stress-energy tensor insertions using a different definition of the stress-energy tensor and Gaussian integration by parts. By defining the stress-energy correlation functions as functional derivatives of the LCFT correlation functions and using the smoothness of the LCFT correlation functions proven in Oikarinen (Ann Henri Poincaré 20(7):2377-2406, 2019) allows us to control an arbitrary number of stress-energy tensor insertions needed for representation theory.

2.
Phys Rev E ; 94(2-1): 022123, 2016 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27627262

RESUMO

We discuss the energy distribution of free-electron Fermi-gas, a problem with a textbook solution of Gaussian energy fluctuations in the limit of a large system. We find that for a small system, characterized solely by its heat capacity C, the distribution can be solved analytically, and it is both skewed and it vanishes at low energies, exhibiting a sharp drop to zero at the energy corresponding to the filled Fermi sea. The results are relevant from the experimental point of view, since the predicted non-Gaussian effects become pronounced when C/k_{B}≲10^{3} (k_{B} is the Boltzmann constant), a regime that can be easily achieved for instance in mesoscopic metallic conductors at sub-kelvin temperatures.

3.
Phys Rev E ; 94(6-1): 062127, 2016 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28085446

RESUMO

Motivated by proposed thermometry measurement on an open quantum system, we present a simple model of an externally driven qubit interacting with a finite-sized fermion environment acting as a calorimeter. The derived dynamics is governed by a stochastic Schrödinger equation coupled to the temperature change of the calorimeter. We prove a fluctuation relation and deduce from it a notion of entropy production. Finally, we discuss the first and second law associated with the dynamics.

4.
Phys Rev Lett ; 98(21): 214301, 2007 May 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17677777

RESUMO

We sketch a rigorous derivation of Fourier's law from a system of closure equations for a nonequilibrium stationary state of a Hamiltonian system of coupled oscillators subjected to heat baths on the boundary. The local heat flux is proportional to the temperature gradient with a temperature dependent heat conductivity and the stationary temperature exhibits a nonlinear profile.

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