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Nanoscale ; 13(31): 13353-13367, 2021 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34477741


Despite the significance of surface absorbed proteins in determining the biological identity of nanoparticles (NPs) entering the human body, little is known about the surface corona and factors that shape their formation on dietary particles used as food additives. In this study, food grade NPs of silica and titania and their food additive counterparts (E551 and E171) were interacted with milk proteins or with skimmed milk and the levels of protein adsorption were quantified. Characteristics of proteins correlating with their level of adsorption to NPs were determined using partial least squares regression analysis. Results from individual protein-particle interactions revealed the significance of factors such as zeta potential, hydrophobicity and hydrodynamic size of particles, and protein characteristics such as the number of beta strands, isoelectric points, the number of amino acid units (Ile, Tyr, Ala, Gly, Pro, Asp, and Arg), and phosphorylation sites on their adsorption to particles. Similar regression analysis was performed to identify the characteristics of twenty abundant and enriched proteins (identified using LC-MS/MS analysis) for their association with the surface corona of milk-interacted particles. Contrary to individual protein-particle interactions, protein characteristics such as helices, turns, protein structures, disulfide bonds, the number of amino acid units (Cys, Met, Leu, and Trp), and Fe binding sites were significant for their association with the surface corona of milk interacted particles. This difference in factors identified from individual proteins and milk interacted particles suggested possible interactions of proteins with surface adsorbed biomolecules as revealed by scanning transmission X-ray microscopy and other biochemical assays.

Nanopartículas , Coroa de Proteína , Adsorção , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Cromatografia Líquida , Humanos , Proteoma , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
J Synchrotron Radiat ; 25(Pt 4): 1214-1221, 2018 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29979184


The success of ptychography and other imaging experiments at third-generation X-ray sources is apparent from their increasingly widespread application and the improving quality of the images they produce both for resolution and contrast and in terms of relaxation of experimental constraints. The wider availability of highly coherent X-rays stimulates the development of several complementary techniques which have seen limited mutual integration in recent years. This paper presents a framework in which some of the established imaging techniques - with particular regard for ptychography - are flexibly applied to tackle the variable requirements occurring at typical synchrotron experiments. In such a framework one can obtain low-resolution images of whole samples and smoothly zoom in on specific regions of interest as they are revealed by switching to a higher-resolution imaging mode. The techniques involved range from full-field microscopy, to reach the widest fields of view (>mm), to ptychography, to achieve the highest resolution (<100 nm), and have been implemented at the I13 Coherence Branchline at Diamond Light Source.