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1.
Womens Health (Lond) ; 17: 17455065211042190, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34465268

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The COVID-19 pandemic has caused considerable stress throughout the world. Little is known about how postpartum women who gave birth during the early months of the pandemic were impacted. The purpose of this study was to explore and describe the associations between potential risk, protective factors, and psychological distress among postpartum women who gave birth during the early months of the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: Postpartum women over the age of 18 years who gave birth in the US hospitals between March and July of 2020 and spoke English completed a survey about their experiences. Demographic and health variables were measured via self-report. Stress was measured using the Perceived Stress Scale-10. Mastery was measured with the Pearlin Mastery Scale. Resilience was measured with the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale-2. RESULTS: This study included 885 women. Participants had higher stress and lower resilience relative to pre-pandemic norms. Participants had high levels of depression, anxiety, and stress. Women who had an infant admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit had more stress. Income, full-time employment, and partnered relationships were associated with lower stress. Resilience and mastery were related to lower stress, depression, and anxiety. Black, Indigenous, or People of Color women showed higher stress and lower resiliency. Single women were likely to report lower levels of mastery than partnered women. CONCLUSION: Stress, depression, and anxiety were high in postpartum women in this study. Income, partnered relationships, and employment security, along with protective traits such as mastery and resilience, may reduce the impact of stress on postpartum women in a pandemic. Care models should be modified to support women during a pandemic. Health disparities exist in postpartum stress. Future interventions should focus on building resiliency and mastery and ensuring appropriate resources are available to postpartum women in a pandemic.


Assuntos
COVID-19/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Período Pós-Parto/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Adulto , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , COVID-19/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Depressão Pós-Parto/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Fatores de Proteção , Angústia Psicológica , Resiliência Psicológica , Fatores de Risco , SARS-CoV-2 , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
2.
JMIR Form Res ; 5(9): e26361, 2021 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34581677

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pain is difficult to manage in older adults. It has been recommended that pain management in older adults should include both nonpharmacologic and pharmacologic strategies. Unfortunately, nonadherence to pain medication is more prevalent than nonadherence to any other chronic disease treatment. Technology-based reminders have some benefit for medication adherence, but adherence behavior outcomes have mostly been verified by self-reports. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to describe objective medication adherence and the latency of medication use after a voice assistant reminder prompted participants to take pain medications for chronic pain. METHODS: A total of 15 older adults created a voice assistant reminder for taking scheduled pain medications. A subsample of 5 participants were randomly selected to participate in a feasibility study, in which a medication event monitoring system for pain medications was used to validate medication adherence as a health outcome. Data on the subsample's self-assessed pain intensity, pain interference, concerns and necessity beliefs about pain medications, self-confidence in managing pain, and medication implementation adherence were analyzed. RESULTS: In the 5 participants who used the medication event monitoring system, the overall latency between voice assistant reminder deployment and the medication event (ie, medication bottle cap opening) was 55 minutes. The absolute latency (before or after the reminder) varied among the participants. The shortest average time taken to open the cap after the reminder was 17 minutes, and the longest was 4.5 hours. Of the 168 voice assistant reminders for scheduled pain medications, 25 (14.6%) resulted in the opening of MEMS caps within 5 minutes of the reminder, and 107 (63.7%) resulted in the opening of MEMS caps within 30 minutes of the reminder. CONCLUSIONS: Voice assistant reminders may help cue patients to take scheduled medications, but the timing of medication use may vary. The timing of medication use may influence treatment effectiveness. Tracking the absolute latency time of medication use may be a helpful method for assessing medication adherence. Medication event monitoring may provide additional insight into medication implementation adherence during the implementation of mobile health interventions.

3.
J Card Fail ; 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34534664

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite exercise being one of few strategies to improve outcomes for individuals with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF), exercise clinical trials in HFpEF are plagued by poor interventional adherence. Over the last 2 decades, our research team has developed, tested, and refined Heart failure Exercise And Resistance Training (HEART) Camp, a multicomponent behavioral intervention to promote adherence to exercise in HF. We evaluated the effects of this intervention designed to promote adherence to exercise in HF focusing on subgroups of participants with HFpEF and heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). METHODS AND RESULTS: This randomized controlled trial included 204 adults with stable, chronic HF. Of those enrolled, 59 had HFpEF and 145 had HFrEF. We tested adherence to exercise (defined as ≥120 minutes of moderate-intensity [40%-80% of heart rate reserve] exercise per week validated with a heart rate monitor) at 6, 12, and 18 months. We also tested intervention effects on symptoms (Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System-29 and dyspnea-fatigue index), HF-related health status (Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire), and physical function (6-minute walk test). Participants with HFpEF (n = 59) were a mean of 64.6 ± 9.3 years old, 54% male, and 46% non-White with a mean ejection fraction of 55 ± 6%. Participants with HFpEF in the HEART Camp intervention group had significantly greater adherence compared with enhanced usual care at both 12 (43% vs 14%, phi = 0.32, medium effect) and 18 months (56% vs 0%, phi = 0.67, large effect). HEART Camp significantly improved walking distance on the 6-minute walk test (η2 = 0.13, large effect) and the Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire overall (η2 = 0.09, medium effect), clinical summary (η2 = 0.16, large effect), and total symptom (η2 = 0.14, large effect) scores. In the HFrEF subgroup, only patient-reported anxiety improved significantly in the intervention group. CONCLUSIONS: A multicomponent, behavioral intervention is associated with improvements in long-term adherence to exercise, physical function, and patient-reported outcomes in adults with HFpEF and anxiety in HFrEF. Our results provide a strong rationale for a large HFpEF clinical trial to validate these findings and examine interventional mechanisms and delivery modes that may further promote adherence and improve clinical outcomes in this population. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: URL: https://clinicaltrials.gov/. Unique identifier: NCT01658670.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34559088

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe birth satisfaction in women who gave birth in U.S. hospitals during the earliest months of the COVID-19 pandemic (March-July 2020).Study Design and Methods: A cross-sectional survey of 747 postpartum women who gave birth in the United States during the early COVID-19 pandemic was conducted. Participants in the United were recruited via social media. They completed a questionnaire that included demographic, health, and obstetric experience questions, and the Birth Satisfaction Scale-Revised. Descriptive statistics, t-tests, analysis of variance (ANOVA) models, and nonparametric correlations were performed.Results: Higher birth satisfaction scores were associated with higher income, marriage, white race, vaginal birth, having a birth partner present, and sufficient support during birth. Factors negatively associated with birth satisfaction were separation from infant, unplanned cesarean birth, neonatal intensive care unit admission, hypertension, preeclampsia, hemorrhage, depression, and anxiety.Clinical Implications: Presence of birth partners, sufficient birth support, and minimizing separation of mother and infant improve birth satisfaction. Obstetric complications, including unplanned cesarean birth, negatively affect birth satisfaction. There are racial disparities in birth satisfaction. It is critical to develop further interventions to end racism in maternal health care.

5.
J Nurs Meas ; 2021 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34518394

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: A promising, yet lengthy measure to identify mastery of patient-identified stress is Younger's (1991, 1993) Mastery of Stress Instrument (MSI). With a goal for a parsimonious and valid measure, this study determined the psychometric properties of a reduced item instrument with adults diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: First, an expert content analysis was completed. Second, item and confirmatory factor analysis were completed with a sample of 200 adults with a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes. RESULTS: Eight items were removed through content validity and seven items were removed with Item analysis. Factor analysis supported Younger's four sub-concepts. CONCLUSIONS: Future research with this revised MSI scale is advocated to identify those who may need strategies to increase their mastery of stress.

6.
Osteoporos Int ; 2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34519832

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This randomized controlled trial compared changes in bone mineral density (BMD) and bone turnover in postmenopausal women with low bone mass randomized to 12 months of either risedronate, exercise, or a control group. METHODS: Two hundred seventy-six women with low bone mass, within 6 years of menopause, were included in analysis. Treatment groups were 12 months of (a) calcium and vitamin D supplements (CaD) (control), (b) risedronate + CaD (risedronate), or (c) bone-loading exercises + CaD (exercise). BMD and serum markers for bone formation (Alkphase B) and resorption (Serum Ntx) were analyzed at baseline, 6, and 12 months. RESULTS: Using hierarchical linear modeling, a group by time interaction was found for BMD at the spine, indicating a greater improvement in the risedronate group compared to exercise (p ≤ .010) or control groups (p ≤ .001). At 12 months, for women prescribed risedronate, changes in BMD at the spine, hip, and femoral neck from baseline were + 1.9%, + 0.9%, and + .09%; in exercise group women, + 0.2%, + 0.5%, and - 0.4%; and in control group women, - 0.7%, + 0.5%, and - 0.5%. There were also significant differences in reductions in Alkphase B (RvsE, p < .001, RvsC, p < .001) and Serum Ntx (RvsE, p = .004, RvsC, p = .007) in risedronate women compared to exercise and control groups. For risedronate, 12-month changes in Alkphase B and Serum Ntx were - 20.3% and - 19.0%; for exercise, - 6.7% and - 7.0%; and for control, - 6.3% and - 9.0%. CONCLUSION: Postmenopausal women with low bone mass should obtain adequate calcium and vitamin D and participate in bone-loading exercises. Additional use of BPs will increase BMD, especially at the spine.

7.
Transl Psychiatry ; 11(1): 440, 2021 08 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34429399

RESUMO

Psychoneurological symptom clusters are co-occurring and interrelated physiological symptoms that may include cancer-related fatigue, pain, depressive symptoms, cognitive disturbances, and sleep disturbances. These symptoms are hypothesized to share a common systemic proinflammatory etiology. Thus, an investigation of systemic immune biomarkers is an important approach to test this hypothesis. Here, we investigated the associations between extracellular vesicle (EV)-associated and soluble cytokines with immune markers and symptom clusters in men with non-metastatic prostate cancer. This observational study included 40 men with non-metastatic prostate cancer at the start (T1) of external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) and 3 months post treatment (T2), as well as 20 men with non-metastatic prostate cancer on active surveillance (AS) seen at one time point. Collected questionnaires assessed patient-reported fatigue, sleep disturbances, depressive symptoms, and cognitive fatigue. In total, 45 soluble and EV-associated biomarkers in plasma were determined by multiplex assays. Principal component analysis (PCA) was used to identify psychoneurological symptom clusters for each study group and their time points. Bivariate correlation analysis was run for each identified PCA cluster with the concentrations of EV-associated and soluble cytokines and immune markers. Both EV-associated and soluble forms of RANTES significantly correlated with the symptom cluster for EBRT at T1, whereas, at T2, soluble IFNα2, IL-9, and IL-17 correlated with the corresponding symptom cluster. For the AS group, soluble survivin correlated with psychoneurological symptoms. Linking specific inflammatory cytokines with psychoneurological symptom clusters in men receiving prostate cancer treatment can enhance understanding of the underlying mechanisms of this phenomenon and aid in developing targeted interventions.


Assuntos
Vesículas Extracelulares , Neoplasias da Próstata , Biomarcadores , Análise por Conglomerados , Depressão , Humanos , Masculino , Síndrome
8.
BMC Public Health ; 21(1): 1568, 2021 08 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34407782

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Addressing overweight and obesity among men at-risk for obesity-related diseases and disability in rural communities is a public health issue. Commercial smartphone applications (apps) that promote self-monitoring for weight loss are widely available. Evidence is lacking regarding what support is required to enhance user engagement with and effectiveness of those technologies. Pragmatically comparing these apps effectiveness, including rural men's desired forms of support when using them, can lead to greater weight loss intervention impact and reach. This study assessed the feasibility and acceptability of a mobile technology application applied differently across two groups for weight loss. METHODS: In a two-armed, pragmatic pilot feasibility study, 80 overweight and obese men aged 40-69 were randomized using a 1:1 ratio to either an enhanced Mobile Technology Plus (MT+) intervention or a basic Mobile Technology (MT) intervention. The MT+ group had an enhanced smartphone app for self-monitoring (text messaging, discussion group, Wi-Fi scale) whereas the MT group received a basic app that allowed self-monitoring logging only. Assessments were collected at baseline, 3 and 6 months. App logs were analyzed to track engagement and adherence to self-monitoring. Acceptability was assessed via focus groups. Analysis included descriptive statistics and qualitative content analysis. RESULTS: Of 80 men recruited, forty were allocated to each arm. All were included in the primary analysis. Recruitment ended after 10 months with a 97.5 and 92.5% (3 month, 6 month) retention rate. Over 90% of men reported via survey and focus groups that Lose-It app and smart scale (MT+) was an acceptable way to self-monitor weight, dietary intake and physical activity. Adherence to daily app self-monitoring of at least 800 dietary calories or more (reported respectively as MT+, MT) was positive with 73.4, 51.6% tracking at least 5 days a week. Adherence to tracking activity via recorded steps four or more days weekly was positive, 87.8, 64.6%. Men also adhered to self-weighing at least once weekly, 64, 46.3%. At 6 months, an observed mean weight loss was 7.03 kg (95% CI: 3.67, 10.39) for MT+ group and 4.14 kg (95% CI: 2.22, 6.06) for MT group, with 42.9 and 34.2% meeting ≥5% weight loss, respectively. No adverse events were reported. CONCLUSIONS: This National Institutes of Health-funded pilot study using mobile technologies to support behavior change for weight loss was found to be feasible and acceptable among midlife and older rural men. The interventions demonstrated successful reductions in weight, noting differing adherence to lifestyle behaviors of eating, monitoring and activity between groups, with men in the MT+ having more favorable results. These findings will be used to inform the design of a larger scale, clinical trial. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The trial was prospectively registered with ClinicalTrials NCT03329079 . 11/1/2017.


Assuntos
Aplicativos Móveis , Telemedicina , Estudos de Viabilidade , Humanos , Masculino , Projetos Piloto , População Rural , Perda de Peso
9.
Workplace Health Saf ; : 21650799211031169, 2021 Aug 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34425725

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Historically, health care workers (HCWs) have exhibited marginal adherence to proper N95 respirator use. During the COVID-19 pandemic, HCWs with little to no prior training on N95 respirator use are relying on N95s as their primary respiratory protection. There is a need for simple, effective, and easily implementable just-in-time training (JITT) interventions to improve N95 respirator-related safety behavior. This study investigated two JITT interventions. METHODS: A pilot experimental pretest posttest study design was used to evaluate two training interventions for N95 respirator donning/doffing performance at a Midwestern hospital system. HCW participants were randomly assigned to an intervention: one used a 4-minute instructional video alone, while the other used the same video but added a video reflection intervention (participant watched and scored a video of their own performance). All performances were scored using a 10-point Critical Safety Behavior Scoring Tool (CSBST). FINDINGS: Sixty-two HCWs participated (32 video alone, 30 video reflection). The two groups' CSBST scores were not significantly different at pretest. Averaged participant scores on the CSBST improved immediately following both interventions. Scores were significantly higher on the posttest for the reflective practice intervention (p<.05). Years of experience and frequency of N95 respirator use did not predict pre or post scores. CONCLUSIONS/APPLICATIONS TO PRACTICE: We provide evidence to support the use of a time-efficient JITT intervention to improve HCW N95 respirator donning/doffing practices during the COVID-19 pandemic and beyond. Hospital safety professionals should consider this type of training for HCWs required to wear respiratory protection.

10.
Oncol Nurs Forum ; 48(4): 423-430, 2021 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34142995

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To identify potential demographic, symptom, and lifestyle factors associated with cancer-related fatigue (CRF) in men with prostate cancer. SAMPLE & SETTING: Data were retrieved from men with prostate cancer across the disease trajectory who were enrolled in the Genitourinary Cancer Collaborative Registry-Prostate Cancer. METHODS & VARIABLES: Self-reported data on demographic characteristics, lifestyle habits (smoking history, alcohol consumption, physical activity/exercise, dietary habits, and vitamins/supplements), and symptom experiences (measured using the Brief Fatigue Inventory, European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality-of-Life Questionnaire-Prostate Cancer and -Bone Metastasis, and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index) were included in the registry. RESULTS: Demographic (younger age) and symptom (sleep quality, urinary, bowel, hormone-related, and sexual activity) correlates of CRF were identified. Higher levels of moderate to vigorous exercise and activities were associated with lower CRF in the sample as a whole. However, there was no association between CRF and physical activity in men with bone metastasis. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING: CRF is a common and burdensome symptom among individuals with cancer and survivors. Identification of demographic, symptom, and lifestyle factors associated with CRF can enhance understanding of this symptom and contribute to early risk assessment and intervention.


Assuntos
Fadiga , Neoplasias da Próstata , Fadiga/epidemiologia , Fadiga/etiologia , Humanos , Estilo de Vida , Masculino , Neoplasias da Próstata/complicações , Qualidade de Vida , Sobreviventes
11.
Res Nurs Health ; 44(3): 571-580, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33821492

RESUMO

Growing interest is evident in longitudinal mixed methods research, particularly fully longitudinal mixed methods designs in which both quantitative and qualitative data are collected concurrently for the duration of the study. Fully longitudinal mixed methods designs are particularly relevant for research on dynamic phenomena because of their ability to illuminate both quantitative and qualitative dimensions of change in real time as the phenomenon of interest changes. However, these are complex research designs and their data-intense nature makes them potentially burdensome for study participants, challenging for research teams, and costly for funding agencies. Despite growing use, the methodological literature on fully longitudinal mixed methods research is sparse and little guidance is available for researchers considering this approach. We address this gap by describing our experience with the design and implementation of a fully longitudinal mixed methods study of a dynamic phenomenon, namely, family caregiving during cancer treatment. We describe important questions and key decisions confronted while developing the research proposal, proactive strategies for study implementation, and implementation realities encountered while the study was in progress. On the basis of insights gained through real-world experience, we offer three guiding principles for researchers undertaking such a study. First, align the study design with the nature of the dynamics in the phenomenon of interest. Second, plan from the start when and how the integration of the longitudinal quantitative and qualitative data will occur. Third, employ implementation strategies that take into account the practical aspects of repeated contacts with study participants for an extended period.


Assuntos
Projetos de Pesquisa , Pesquisadores , Cuidadores/psicologia , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Neoplasias/terapia
12.
Ann Behav Med ; 55(10): 1031-1041, 2021 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33580663

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Exercise is safe and provides considerable benefits for patients with heart failure (HF) including improved function, quality of life, and symptoms. However, patients with HF have difficulty initiating and adhering to an exercise regimen. To improve adherence, our team developed Heart Failure Exercise and Resistance Training (HEART) Camp, a multicomponent, theory-driven intervention that was efficacious in a randomized controlled trial of long-term adherence to exercise in patients with HF. Identifying active components of efficacious interventions is a priority. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to use mediation analysis to determine which interventional components accounted for long-term adherence to exercise in patients with HF. METHODS: This study included 204 patients with HF enrolled in a randomized controlled trial. Instruments measuring interventional components were completed at baseline, 6, 12, and 18 months. Hierarchical linear models generated slope estimates to be used as predictors in logistic regression models. Significant variables were tested for indirect effects using path analyses with 1,000 bootstrapped estimates. RESULTS: Significant mediation effects were observed for the interventional components of negative attitudes (ß NA = 0.368, s.e. = 0.062, p < .001), self-efficacy (ß SE = 0.190, s.e. = 0.047, p < .001), and relapse management (ß RM = 0.243, s.e. = 0.076, p = .001). CONCLUSIONS: These findings highlight improving attitudes, self-efficacy, and managing relapse as key interventional components to improve long-term adherence to exercise in patients with HF. Future interventions targeting adherence to exercise in patients with HF and other chronic illnesses should consider the incorporation of these active components.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33560754

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We recently completed a parent study (Bone Loading Exercises versus Risedronate on Bone Health in Post-menopausal Women [NIH# R01NR015029]) examining bone-loading exercises to prevent bone loss in postmenopausal women with low bone mass. Forty-three million US women have low bone mass and increased risk for fractures. Bone-loading exercises (weight-bearing and resistance training) can preserve bone mass and decrease risk of fractures. However, multiple barriers prevent women from exercising and adherence rates are low. PURPOSE: This secondary analysis of the parent study (a) examined barriers specific to women participating in bone-loading exercises; (b) described effectiveness of self-efficacy strategies used in the parent study for increasing confidence in knowledge and reducing barriers; and (c) applied study findings and principles of self-efficacy and self-regulation in development of guidelines for promoting adherence to exercises. METHODS: Seventy-two women were randomized to the exercise group and completed 12 months of exercises. Instruments for self-efficacy were completed at 2 weeks and barriers interference at 6 months. Percent adherence was measured as the number of exercise sessions attended divided by the number prescribed. RESULTS: In the 12-month study, average adherence to exercises was 58.9%. Lower adherers reported lack of self-regulation skills such as "lack of time" as the most frequent barriers to exercise. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Guidelines developed included promotion of skills for self-regulation (such as regulation of time) as well as self-efficacy to improve adherence rates. Nurse practitioners may be the most motivated of all providers to use guidelines promoting exercise for women in their clinical practice.

14.
Sleep Breath ; 25(1): 57-64, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32193844

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To examine if selected demographic (age, gender), clinical (diabetes, coronary artery disease, hyperlipidemia, myocardial infarction, stroke, lung disease, smoking history, alcohol intake), and biomarker [blood pressure (BP), heart rate, body mass index (BMI), neck circumference, Mallampati score] variables are predictors of apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) from polysomnography (PSG). METHODS: This cross-sectional study recruited a sample of adults (N = 170) who were being evaluated for OSA. Participants completed self-reported demographic and clinical questionnaires, and then completed PSG (n = 142). Multi-collinearity was assessed. Confounding factors, correlations, and potential interactions were explored. RESULTS: The final regression model was performed on 130 participants; 61 (46.9%) had an AHI ≥ 15. Systolic and diastolic BPs were highly correlated. Interactions were tested between gender and other variables (high cholesterol, BMI, neck circumference, systolic BP) and between systolic BP and other variables (high cholesterol, BMI, neck circumference, and lung disease). No interactions occurred between gender or systolic BP and other variables, meaning that the effects of the variables on AHI levels from PSG did not vary depending on gender or systolic BP. BMI, systolic BP, and absence of lung disease were predictors for AHI levels ≥ 15 from PSG. CONCLUSIONS: BMI and systolic BP were significant predictors of OSA in this study. The absence of lung disease as a significant predictor was unique and may be due to the small number of participants who self-reported lung disease. To our knowledge, this is the first study to report this combination of variables to predict AHI levels ≥ 15 from PSG.

15.
Nursing ; 51(1): 65-69, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33346621

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the use of toilet alarms among patients at an increased risk for falls in inpatient settings while allowing for privacy and maintaining safety. METHODS: Pre- and postsurvey data were collected among patients in the intervention and control groups, as well as among the healthcare staff, to determine perceptions of privacy and safety. RESULTS: Each participant group was compared according to the participants' responses to the pre- and postsurveys. On average, the intervention group perceived increased levels of privacy and safety compared with the control group. Staff also indicated increased privacy and safety. CONCLUSION: Additional research is necessary, but patient satisfaction, privacy, and dignity may be augmented by using toilet alarms in hospital settings.


Assuntos
Aparelho Sanitário , Alarmes Clínicos , Hospitais , Gestão da Segurança/métodos , Acidentes por Quedas/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Privacidade , Medição de Risco
16.
Cancer Nurs ; 44(1): 71-78, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31895173

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cancer-related fatigue (CRF) is a complex multidimensional symptom. Identifying the fatigue dimension that may be most bothersome can guide in the development of individualized management strategies. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to describe the multidimensional fatigue experience of men with prostate cancer. METHODS: Data for this study were obtained from an ongoing descriptive longitudinal study at the National Institutes of Health, involving men diagnosed with nonmetastatic prostate cancer scheduled to receive external beam radiation therapy. Data were analyzed at 7 time points: baseline, before treatment initiation (T1), treatment midpoint (T2), treatment completion (T3), and 1 month (T4), 3 months (T5), 6 months (T6), and 12 months (T7) after treatment completion. Study data were obtained from medical records and self-report (fatigue, depressive symptoms, and sleep disturbance) questionnaires. RESULTS: Scores for total fatigue peaked at T2 and remained significantly different from baseline at T3. After T3, total fatigue scores were not significantly different from baseline. Affective fatigue had the highest scores (worst fatigue) reported during treatment, sensory fatigue scores were highest from T4 to T6, and cognitive fatigue scores were highest at T7. Affective and sensory fatigue scores peaked at T2, whereas behavioral and cognitive fatigue scores peaked at T3. CONCLUSION: Independent changes in specific dimensions of CRF were observed during and post treatment. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Understanding the specific dimensions of CRF and how they change during and post treatment can help guide clinicians to recommend targeted and personalized management strategies.


Assuntos
Fadiga/etiologia , Fadiga/psicologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/complicações , Neoplasias da Próstata/radioterapia , Idoso , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Registros Médicos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Autorrelato
17.
J Gerontol Nurs ; 46(10): 27-33, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32852047

RESUMO

Aging adults are impacted by pain. Technology can assist older adults with pain self-management while allowing for independence. The current usability study explored the use of voice assistant reminders for two pain self-management tasks in aging adults. Fifteen community-dwelling older adults with chronic pain and an average age of 65 years used the voice assistant for 4 weeks. Participants had moderate scores for pain severity (mean = 4.6 [SD = 2.3]) and pain interference (mean = 4 [SD = 2.6]). Voice assistant usability was above average (78 of 100). Median time to set up the Google Home Assistant profile was 5 minutes (SD = 7.5), with a median of asking for help two times. Pain self-management task reminders from the voice assistant were perceived as consistent, easy to set up, and helpful for accountability. Voice assistant reminders may be an option to help encourage a variety of pain self-management tasks in aging adults. [Journal of Gerontological Nursing, 46(10), 27-33.].

18.
J Med Internet Res ; 22(7): e19734, 2020 07 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32628117

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Unguided, web-based psychoeducational interventions are gaining interest as a way to reach patients while reducing pressure on clinical resources. However, there has been little research on how patients with cancer use these interventions. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this analysis was to evaluate how women newly diagnosed with breast cancer used the unguided web-based, psychoeducational distress self-management program CaringGuidance After Breast Cancer Diagnosis while enrolled in a pilot feasibility study. METHODS: Women with stage 0 to II breast cancer diagnosed within the prior three months were recruited from clinics primarily in the Northeastern United States for participation in a 12-week pilot study of CaringGuidance plus usual care versus usual care alone. Usage prompts included sets of emails sent weekly for 12 weeks; standardized congratulatory emails after every two hours of program use, and informative emails for each cognitive-behavioral exercise. Individual user activity on the site was automatically tracked by an analytics system and recorded directly in the CaringGuidance database. RESULTS: Complete usage data were available for 54 subjects. Ninety-eight percent of the intervention group logged into CaringGuidance independently at least once. Thirty-eight (70%) logged in during all three months, 15 (28%) were intermittent users, and one (2%) was a non-user. Users (n=53) averaged 15.6 (SD 9.85) logins. Mean logins were greatest in month 1 (7.26, SD 4.02) and declined in months 2 (4.32, SD 3.66) and month 3 (4.02, SD 3.82). Eleven (21%) used CaringGuidance with both the frequency and activity level intended at study outset, 9 (17%) exceeded intended frequency and activity (high-high users), and 10 (19%) were below expected usage on both login frequency and activity (low-low users). Low-low users and high-high users differed significantly (P<.001) in the total number of views and unique views of all program components. Change in depressive symptoms and the number of sessions (r=.351) and logins (r=.348) between study months 1 and 2 were significantly correlated (P=.018, .019). Higher baseline distress was associated with more unique views of program resources (r=.281, P=.043). Change in intrusive/avoidant thoughts from baseline to month 3, and the number of users' unique exercise views were negatively correlated (r=-.319, P=.035) so that more unique exercise views, equated with greater decline in intrusive/avoidant thoughts from baseline to month 3. CONCLUSIONS: These findings favor the hypothesis that the key ingredient is not the amount of program use, but each user's self-selected activity within the program. More research is needed on the ideal ways to maintain use, and capture and define engagement and enactment of behaviors by people with cancer accessing unguided, self-management web-based programs.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projetos Piloto , Angústia Psicológica , Autogestão
19.
Biol Res Nurs ; 22(4): 514-519, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32515205

RESUMO

The pathobiology of cancer-related fatigue (CRF) remains elusive, hindering the development of targeted treatments. Radiation therapy (RT), a common treatment for men with prostate cancer, induces cell damage through the generation of free radicals and oxidative stress. We hypothesized that disruption in cellular responses to this surge of nonphysiological oxidative stress might contribute to CRF in men with prostate cancer treated with RT. We evaluated the potential role of three cell damage pathways (apoptosis, autophagy, necrosis) and oxidative stress in CRF in men with prostate cancer receiving RT. Fatigue was measured by the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Fatigue (FACT-F) questionnaire. Gene expression was measured in whole blood using RT2 profiler™ PCR arrays. Data were collected at two time points: either baseline or Day 1 of treatment (T1) and completion of treatment (T2). Participants were grouped into either the fatigued or nonfatigued phenotype at T2 using the recommended FACT-F cut-off score for clinical significance. We observed significant upregulation of seven genes related to three cell damage pathways in the fatigued group from T1 to T2 and no significant changes in the nonfatigued group. We also observed significant downregulation of two genes related to oxidative stress in the fatigued group compared to the nonfatigued group at T2. These collective results provide preliminary evidence that cell damage might be upregulated in the CRF phenotype. Validation of these findings using a larger and more diverse sample is warranted.


Assuntos
Apoptose , Morte Celular Autofágica , Fadiga/etiologia , Fadiga/fisiopatologia , Necrose , Estresse Oxidativo , Neoplasias da Próstata/complicações , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias da Próstata/fisiopatologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
20.
Am J Infect Control ; 48(8): 869-874, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32407827

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The N95 respirator is the most common safety tool used in hospitals to protect health care workers (HCW) from inhaling airborne particles. Focusing on HCW behavior related to respirator use is an effective route to improve HCW safety and respiratory health. METHODS: Participants were asked to perform the donning and doffing of an N95 respirator to camera. Then they were randomized to a video alone or a reflective practice intervention. After the intervention they repeated the donning and doffing to camera. A critical safety behavior scoring tool (CSBST) was developed to compare the performance of the participants over time at pretest, post-test and 1 month later for follow-up. RESULTS: The reflective practice intervention group was found to have significantly higher scores on the CSBST at post-test and follow-up than the video alone group. In the reflective practice intervention group, the participants perceived they were better at performing the N95 donning and doffing than the experts scored them. CONCLUSIONS: The CSBST is a tool to measure the performance of HCWs on a specific targeted safety behaviors. The addition of a reflective practice intervention may result in a measurable and sustained improvement in the safety behaviors demonstrated when using the N95 respirator.


Assuntos
Dispositivos de Proteção Respiratória , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Ventiladores Mecânicos
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