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1.
Isr Med Assoc J ; 22(1): 53-59, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31927807

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Primary retroperitoneal neoplasms (PRN) arise from diverse retroperitoneal tissues. Soft tissue sarcomas (STS) comprise the majority and are well studied. Other non-sarcomatous PRN are very rare and less familiar. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the clinicopathologic and radiologic features of non-sarcomatous PRN, as well as the outcome of complete tumor resection (TR). METHODS: Retrospective data were collected on consecutive patients (June 2006 to January 2015) who underwent resection of retroperitoneal lesions at our department. Final pathology of non-sarcomatous PRN was included. RESULTS: The study population included 36 patients (26% with PRN). PRN were neurogenic (17%), fat-containing (3%), and cystic (6%). The preoperative diagnosis was correct in only 28%. All patients underwent TR via laparotomy (72%) or laparoscopy (28%), for mean operative time of 120 ± 46 minutes. En bloc organ resection was performed in 11%. Complete TR was achieved in 97%. Intra-operative spillage occurred in 8%. Intra-operative, 90-day postoperative complications, and mortality rates were 11%, 36%, and 0%, respectively. The mean length of stay was 6.5 ± 5.5 days. The median overall survival was 53 ± 4.9 months. CONCLUSIONS: Familiarity with radiologic characteristics of PRN is important for appropriate management. Counter to STS, other PRN are mostly benign and have an indolent course. Radical surgery is not required, as complete TR confers good prognosis. Expectant management is reserved for small, asymptomatic, benign neoplasms.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Retroperitoneais/diagnóstico , Idoso , Feminino , Ganglioneuroma/diagnóstico , Ganglioneuroma/diagnóstico por imagem , Ganglioneuroma/patologia , Ganglioneuroma/cirurgia , Humanos , Lipoma/diagnóstico , Lipoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Lipoma/patologia , Lipoma/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neurilemoma/diagnóstico , Neurilemoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Neurilemoma/patologia , Neurilemoma/cirurgia , Neurofibroma/diagnóstico , Neurofibroma/diagnóstico por imagem , Neurofibroma/patologia , Neurofibroma/cirurgia , Paraganglioma/diagnóstico , Paraganglioma/diagnóstico por imagem , Paraganglioma/patologia , Paraganglioma/cirurgia , Neoplasias Retroperitoneais/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Retroperitoneais/patologia , Neoplasias Retroperitoneais/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
2.
Isr Med Assoc J ; 12(21): 823-828, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31814347

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery helps patients achieve excellent excess weight loss, with subsequent improvement or resolution of co-morbidities. However, up to 20% of all RYGB patients, and 40% of the super morbidly obese, experience significant weight regain. The etiology of weight regain is multifactorial; hence, multidisciplinary management is mandatory. Revision options for failed conservative and medical management include resizing the restrictive component of the bypass or intensifying malabsorption. While improvement of restriction generally has limited efficacy, intensifying malabsorption achieves significant long-term excess weight loss. The optimal surgical option should be personalized, considering eating behavior and psychological issues, surgical anatomy of the bypass, and anesthetic and surgical risks.


Assuntos
Derivação Gástrica , Obesidade Mórbida , Ganho de Peso , Derivação Gástrica/efeitos adversos , Derivação Gástrica/métodos , Humanos , Obesidade Mórbida/fisiopatologia , Obesidade Mórbida/cirurgia , Recidiva , Reoperação
5.
Isr Med Assoc J ; 5(5): 326-8, 2003 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12811947

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Primary hyperparathyroidism in elderly patients is usually associated with additional co-morbidity that increases operative risk, and thus many geriatric patients are denied the benefit of surgery for a single parathyroid adenoma. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of accurate single photon emission computed tomography sestamibi scintigraphy, enabling precise localization of a single adenoma, in the geriatric population. METHODS: Twenty-two patients aged 70 years and over with biochemically proven PHPT and with a single parathyroid adenoma identified by localization studies (sestamibi SPECT scan and ultrasonography) underwent 23 operations over 29 months (out of a total of 140 patients operated upon during the same period). Immediate preoperative sestamibi scintigraphy and marking of focal adenoma uptake followed by intraoperative hand-held gamma probe were used for the removal of the parathyroid adenoma by unilateral minimal access surgery. Associated major co-morbid conditions and pre- and postoperative calcium, phosphorus and parathormone levels were recorded. Indications for surgery were listed and operative and postoperative complications were noted. The patients were followed for a mean period of 17.7 months using the same parameters. RESULTS: The 22 patients with PHPT had a mean age of 76.3 +/- 5.9 years (range 70-88 years) and a female to male ratio of 13:9. Associated co-morbidity included ischemic heart disease (n = 15), hypertension (n = 22), non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (n = 9), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (n = 3), and previous neck surgery (n = 3). Mean preoperative serum calcium, phosphorous and PTH were 11.7 +/- 1.3 mg/dl, 2.5 +/- 0.5 mg/dl and 160.9 +/- 75.4 pg/ml respectively. In 20 of the 22 patients, surgery was successful in curing PHPT (91%). One patient had persistent hypercalcemia due to a missed adenoma, and repeat operation (by focused minimal accesss surgery) was successfully performed 2 weeks later. There were no complications and no morbidity postoperatively. Mean postoperative serum calcium, phosphorous and PTH were 9.6 +/- 1.2 mg/dl, 3.0 +/- 0.5 mg/dl and 35.2 +/- 24 pg/ml respectively. In all patients, serum calcium levels remained normal (9.7 +/- 1.3 mg/ml) after long-term follow-up (mean 17.7 +/- 9.6 months). CONCLUSIONS: Minimally invasive, radio-guided focused parathyroidectomy for a single adenoma is a safe and effective method to cure hyperparathyroidism in the elderly. Success of surgery is directly related to the surgeon's experience and to the precise localization marking provided by sestamibi scintigraphic SPECT localization and concurrent sonographic findings.


Assuntos
Adenoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Adenoma/cirurgia , Hiperparatireoidismo/diagnóstico por imagem , Hiperparatireoidismo/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Neoplasias das Paratireoides/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias das Paratireoides/cirurgia , Paratireoidectomia/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada de Emissão de Fóton Único/métodos , Adenoma/complicações , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Hiperparatireoidismo/etiologia , Masculino , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias das Paratireoides/complicações , Paratireoidectomia/efeitos adversos , Tomografia Computadorizada de Emissão de Fóton Único/efeitos adversos
6.
Clin Radiol ; 57(4): 287-91, 2002 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12014875

RESUMO

AIM: to draw the attention to upper abdominal abnormalities, which may be revealed incidentally in patients referred for a chest computed tomography (CT) after cardiac surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed prospectively and retrospectively the CT results of all patients referred for a chest CT, with suspected sternal infection or for other reasons, after cardiac surgery, to assess possible upper abdominal disease as visualized on lower cuts of the chest CT with abdominal windows. RESULTS: Out of a total of 205 patients in the study 39 (19%) had unexpected abdominal abnormalities. The organs involved in decreasing order of frequency were the spleen (n = 18), gallbladder (n = 15), pancreas (n = 9), kidneys (n = 6) and bowel (n = 3). Many patients had involvement of more than one organ. The lesions were mainly ischaemic and/or infectious in origin. These findings led to interventional procedures in 13 (33%) of the patients with a good outcome. CONCLUSIONS: We found a relatively high prevalence of abdominal abnormalities on CT of the chest in patients referred with suspected thoracic problems after cardiac surgery. Major findings on CT led to changes in the management of these patients. We recommend therefore viewing lung bases with abdominal windows as well as adding sections through the upper abdomen in patients who are referred for a chest CT after cardiac surgery with suspected thoracic problems.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico por imagem , Radiografia Abdominal , Doenças Torácicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Doenças da Vesícula Biliar/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Esplenopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
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