Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 75
Filtrar
1.
Surg Case Rep ; 7(1): 232, 2021 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34714449

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Liver cysts are common, with most cases being asymptomatic. In symptomatic cases, the disease is amenable to treatment. However, huge or multiple liver cysts with vascular narrowing and associated systemic symptoms are extremely rare. Furthermore, the performance of a reliable and effective surgery in such cases remains a major problem. Here, we report a case of multiple giant liver cysts with impaired blood flow surgically treated in a hybrid operating room. CASE PRESENTATION: A 73-year-old male presented to a previous doctor with leg edema and dyspnea on exertion; computed tomography revealed that the cause complaint was right lung and heart compression and inferior vena cava (IVC) stenosis due to huge liver cysts in the caudal lobe. The patient was referred to our hospital because of disease recurrence despite percutaneous aspiration of the cyst. Multiple liver cysts were observed in addition to the drained cysts, two of which were located on both sides of the IVC and caused IVC stenosis. We performed open surgery for the liver cysts and used the hybrid operating room for intraoperative IVC angiography and measuring the hepatic vein and portal vein (PV) pressure. We performed unroofing of the hepatic cyst and cauterization of the cyst wall on the hepatic side. Angiography was performed before and after unroofing of the liver cysts, and IVC stenosis release was confirmed. IVC pressure measured at the peripheral side of the stenosis and PV pressures were continuously measured during surgery and were confirmed to have decreased during the opening of the liver cysts. The patient had a good postoperative course and was discharged on the 10th postoperative day. No recurrence was observed 6 months postoperatively. CONCLUSIONS: Cyst unroofing surgery using angiography in a hybrid operating room is a useful treatment for deep hepatic lesions in that vascular stenosis improvement can be intraoperatively confirmed. Moreover, in cases wherein the cyst compresses the vasculature, intraoperative monitoring of IVC and PV pressures can be used to prove that the liver cyst is hemodynamically involved.

2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(42): e27576, 2021 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34678902

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Various treatments are available for treating hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The immune checkpoint inhibitor combination of atezolizumab plus bevacizumab was recently approved for the treatment of unresectable HCC, but there are few reports on the failure of the combination treatment. Here, we present a case of unresectable HCC with adrenal metastasis that was eventually operated on after lenvatinib (LEN) treatment that followed failed treatment with atezolizumab plus bevacizumab. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 68-year-old man was diagnosed with non-alcoholic steatohepatitis-based HCC with adrenal metastasis. DIAGNOSIS: Cirrhosis was classified as Child-Pugh score of 5. HCC was diagnosed as Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer stage C. INTERVENTIONS: We initiated treatment with atezolizumab plus bevacizumab. Liver dysfunction appeared 2 days after the first administration but was improved by intravenous rehydration and did not appear after the second course. The HCC shrank, but the adrenal metastasis grew bigger after the fourth course, so we changed the therapy to LEN. After HCC and adrenal metastasis were necrotic by LEN, conversion surgery was performed. OUTCOMES: After successful conversion therapy, the general condition of the patient was good, and has been carefully followed for 4 months to date without any evidence of further recurrences. LESSONS: This case showed that even if atezolizumab plus bevacizumab is not effective, multidisciplinary treatment such as LEN and conversion surgery is possible. Given the efficacy of LEN after atezolizumab plus bevacizumab, it is important to consider that there is a possibility of cure even when first-line treatment is not effective for a patient with unresectable HCC.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Compostos de Fenilureia/uso terapêutico , Quinolinas/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias das Glândulas Suprarrenais/secundário , Neoplasias das Glândulas Suprarrenais/cirurgia , Idoso , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Bevacizumab/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Masculino , Metástase Neoplásica , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
3.
Am Surg ; : 31348211041562, 2021 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34455865

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Splenectomy is sometimes indicated for portal hypertension caused by cirrhosis, which is a risk for hepatic carcinogenesis. This study aimed to identify risk factors for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) development after splenectomy. METHODS: This retrospective study included 65 patients who underwent splenectomy for portal hypertension between 2009 and 2017. Cox regression analyses were performed to identify factors related to HCC development after splenectomy. The predictive index for HCC development was constructed from the results of multivariate analysis, and 3 risk-dependent groups were defined. Discrimination among the groups was estimated using Kaplan-Meier curves and the log-rank test. RESULTS: Post-splenectomy, 36.9% of patients developed HCC. In the univariate analysis, the etiology of cirrhosis (hepatitis C virus antibody, P = .005, and hepatitis B surface antigen, P = .008, referring to non-B and non-C patients, respectively), presence of HCC history (P < .001), and preoperative hemoglobin level (P = .007) were related to HCC development, and the presence of HCC history (P = .002) and preoperative hemoglobin level (P = .022) were independent risk factors. The predictive index classified three groups at risk; the hazards in each group were significantly different (low vs middle risk, P = .035, and middle vs high risk, P = .011). DISCUSSION: The etiology of cirrhosis, presence of HCC history, and hemoglobin level were associated with HCC development after splenectomy. The predictive model may aid in HCC surveillance after splenectomy for patients with portal hypertension.

4.
J Pharmacol Exp Ther ; 379(1): 53-63, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34312179

RESUMO

In receptor-type transcription factors-mediated cytochrome P450 (P450) induction, few studies have attempted to clarify the roles of protein kinase N (PKN) in the transcriptional regulation of P450s. This study aimed to examine the involvement of PKN in the transcriptional regulation of P450s by receptor-type transcription factors, including the aryl hydrocarbon receptor, constitutive androstane receptor (CAR), and pregnane X receptor. The mRNA and protein levels and metabolic activity of P450s in the livers of wild-type (WT) and double-mutant (D) mice harboring both PKN1 kinase-negative knock-in and PKN3 knockout mutations [PKN1 T778A/T778A; PKN3 -/-] were determined after treatment with activators for receptor-type transcription factors. mRNA and protein levels and metabolic activity of CYP2B10 were significantly higher in D mice treated with the CAR activator phenobarbital (PB) but not with 1,4-bis((3,5-dichloropyridin-2-yl)oxy)benzene compared with WT mice. We examined the CAR-dependent pathway regulated by PKN after PB treatment because the extent of CYP2B10 induction in WT and D mice was notably different in response to treatment with different CAR activators. The mRNA levels of Cyp2b10 in primary hepatocytes from WT and D mice treated with PB alone or in combination with Src kinase inhibitor 1 (SKI-1) or U0126 (a mitogen-activated protein kinase inhibitor) were evaluated. Treatment of hepatocytes from D mice with the combination of PB with U0126 but not SKI-1 significantly increased the mRNA levels of Cyp2b10 compared with those from the corresponding WT mice. These findings suggest that PKN may have inhibitory effects on the Src-receptor for activated C kinase 1 (RACK1) pathway in the CAR-mediated induction of Cyp2b10 in mice livers. SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENT: This is the first report of involvement of PKN in the transcriptional regulation of P450s. The elucidation of mechanisms responsible for induction of P450s could help optimize the pharmacotherapy and improve drug development. We examined whether the mRNA and protein levels and activities of P450s were altered in double-mutant mice harboring both PKN1 kinase-negative knock-in and PKN3 knockout mutations. PKN1/3 negatively regulates CAR-mediated induction of Cyp2b10 through phosphorylation of a signaling molecule in the Src-RACK1 pathway.

5.
Ann Med Surg (Lond) ; 67: 102498, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34234946

RESUMO

Background: While the adoption rates of laparoscopic hepatectomy are increasing, most patients still undergo open hepatectomy. Open hepatectomies use inverted L-shaped or Mercedes incisions for right-sided liver tumor. To decrease procedural invasiveness, we performed midline incisions in such cases, excluding those of laparoscopic hepatectomy. This retrospective study examined the effects of this change in treatment policy on overall patient surgical outcomes. Materials and methods: From 2012 to 2018, 374 patients who underwent hepatectomy for right-sided hepatocellular carcinoma were enrolled, and short-term patient outcomes were compared following stratification into the 1st (n = 157) or 2nd (n = 217) Era group based on whether procedures occurred before or after the policy change, respectively. Results: Short-term outcomes were mostly comparable between the two groups, with significantly increased postoperative aspartate aminotransferase maximum values found in the 2nd Era group relative to the 1st Era group (median: 393 vs. 331, p < 0.05). Pain scores at rest during postoperative day 1 and while moving on postoperative days 1, 2, and 3 were significantly lower in the 2nd Era group than in the 1st Era group (p < 0.05, <0.01, <0.05, <0.01, respectively). Conclusions: Utilization of midline incisions may provide some benefits in postoperative outcomes for right-sided open hepatectomy cases.

6.
Intern Med ; 60(13): 2047-2053, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34193774

RESUMO

A 68-year-old man with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) visited his previous hospital due to abdominal pain and was diagnosed with ruptured HCC. Before visiting our hospital, he underwent HCC treatment at his previous hospital, but his tumors did not improve. Although he started treatment with sorafenib, the tumors rapidly grew. Subsequently, regorafenib was given, and the tumors shrank. After 22 months being treated with regorafenib, HCC reoccurred, with a new lung metastasis and a contrast-enhanced nodule on the peritoneal dissemination appearing. He underwent conversion surgery and survived for 4.5 years after his HCC was diagnosed.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Idoso , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Compostos de Fenilureia/uso terapêutico , Piridinas , Sorafenibe/uso terapêutico
7.
BMC Cancer ; 21(1): 668, 2021 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34090354

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients diagnosed with Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) intermediate stage hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) encompass a broad clinical population. Kinki criteria subclassifications have been proposed to better predict prognoses and determine appropriate treatment strategies for these patients. This study validated the prognostic significance within the Kinki criteria substages and analyzed the role of liver resection in patients with intermediate stage HCC. METHODS: Patients with intermediate stage HCC (n = 378) were retrospectively subclassified according to the Kinki criteria (B1, n = 123; B2, n = 225; and B3, n = 30). We analyzed the overall survival (OS) and treatment methods. RESULTS: The OS was significantly different between adjacent substages. Patients in substage B1 who underwent liver resection had a significantly better prognosis than those who did not, even after propensity score matching (PSM). Patients in substage B2 who underwent liver resection had a significantly better prognosis than those who did not; however, there was no difference after PSM. There was no difference in prognosis based on treatments among patients in substage B3. CONCLUSIONS: The Kinki criteria clearly stratify patients with intermediate stage HCC by prognosis. For substage B1 HCC patients, liver resection provides a better prognosis than other treatment modalities. In patients with substage B2 and B3, an alternative approach is required.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/terapia , Quimioembolização Terapêutica/estatística & dados numéricos , Hepatectomia/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/mortalidade , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Quimioembolização Terapêutica/métodos , Cisplatino/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Óleo Iodado/administração & dosagem , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Fígado/irrigação sanguínea , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/patologia , Fígado/cirurgia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco/métodos , Sorafenibe/administração & dosagem , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Surgery ; 170(4): 1140-1150, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33926704

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Posthepatectomy liver failure is a poor prognostic factor after hepatectomy. Various preventive treatments have been tried; however, there are no clinical trials that use posthepatectomy liver failure as the primary endpoint, and the clinical effects of posthepatectomy liver failure have not been fully verified. The aim of this study was to investigate whether administration of antithrombin III can prevent posthepatectomy liver failure in patients with coagulopathy after hepatectomy. This study also evaluated the safety of AT-III administration after hepatectomy. METHODS: The current study enrolled 141 patients diagnosed with coagulopathy after hepatectomy between October 2015 and September 2018 at 7 hospitals in Hiroshima, Japan (HiSCO group). Patients were randomized to undergo either administration of antithrombin III (n = 64) or non-administration (n = 77). The primary endpoint was the incidence of posthepatectomy liver failure. This randomized controlled trial was registered with the University Medical Information Network Clinical Trial Registry (UMIN000018852). RESULTS: Treatment for postoperative coagulopathy was performed safely without adverse events. The incidence of posthepatectomy liver failure was similar in both treatment groups (nonadministration of antithrombin III group, 28.5%, versus administration of antithrombin III group, 28.1%; P = .953) The rate of morbidity was higher in the administration group than the non-administrated group (17.2% vs 11.7%, P = .351). Following the multivariate analysis of the whole study group, body mass index ≥25, total bilirubin ≥1.5 mg/dL, and the disseminated intravascular coagulation score ≥5 postoperatively were the independent risk factors for posthepatectomy liver failure. CONCLUSION: This study showed that the administration of antithrombin III resulted in no significant difference in preventing posthepatectomy liver failure, possibly through suppressing coagulopathy.

9.
HPB (Oxford) ; 23(1): 134-143, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32563594

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The permissible liver resection rate for preventing posthepatectomy liver failure (PHLF) remains unclear. We aimed to develop a novel PHLF-predicting model and to strategize hepatectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: This retrospective study included 335 HCC patients who underwent anatomical hepatectomy at eight institutions between 2013 and 2017. Risk factors, including volume-associated liver-estimating parameters, for PHLF grade B-C were analyzed in a training set (n = 122) via multivariate analysis, and a PHLF prediction model was developed. The utility of the model was evaluated in a validation set (n = 213). RESULTS: Our model was based on the three independent risk factors for PHLF identified in the training set: volume-associated indocyanine green retention rate at 15 min, platelet count, and prothrombin time index (the VIPP score). The areas under the receiver operating characteristic curve of the VIPP scores for severe PHLF in the training and validation sets were 0.864 and 0.794, respectively. In both sets, the VIPP score stratified patients at risk for severe PHLF, with a score of 3 (specificity, 0.92) indicating higher risk. CONCLUSION: Our model facilitates the selection of the appropriate hepatectomy procedure by providing permissible liver resection rates based on VIPP scores.

10.
Hepatol Res ; 50(11): 1284-1296, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32893935

RESUMO

AIM: Inflammation plays an important role in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) progression. Here, we examined whether antithrombin (AT) plays a role in attenuating HCC progression, via its anti-inflammatory effects. METHODS: HCCs were developed in AT-insufficient (AT+/- ) mice and wild-type (AT+/+ ) mice treated with diethyl nitrosamine and carbon tetrachloride. AT was administered to AT+/- mice. The development of HCC was compared between the three groups. In vitro study, migration assay was performed. The association of the prognosis of patients with HCC and plasma AT values was clinically examined. RESULTS: AT suppressed the release of interleukin (IL)-8 from lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated human neutrophils in vitro. Huh-7 cells that were co-cultured with neutrophils and stimulated with LPS showed significantly enhanced migration; however, Huh-7 cells co-cultured with LPS/AT-stimulated neutrophils showed significantly decreased migration. Moreover, the addition of anti-IL-8 antibodies to LPS-stimulated Huh-7 cells co-cultured with neutrophils also suppressed migration. AT+/- mice (AT plasma activity: 64%) promoted liver cancer, as compared with wild-type mice (AT plasma activity: 135%); AT administration attenuated liver cancer in AT+/- mice. Patients with HCC with a preoperative AT level of ≥70% showed better outcomes after liver resection, as compared with those with an AT level of <70%. IL-8 expression and neutrophil infiltration in HCC tissues were negatively correlated with the AT level. CONCLUSIONS: AT attenuates HCC progression by regulating neutrophil/IL-8 signaling.

11.
Transpl Int ; 33(12): 1745-1753, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32970890

RESUMO

Abdominal aortic calcification (AAC) was reported as a poor prognostic factor among liver transplantation. However, donor AAC is not enough discussed. We analyzed the impact of the donor AAC level on graft function on outcomes following living donor liver transplantation (LDLT). A total of 133 consecutive patients who had undergone LDLT were divided into two groups (non-AAC group and AAC group) according to their donor AAC level by plain computed tomography. The rate of postoperative biliary complications (BC) was significantly higher in AAC group (N = 17) than in non-AAC group (N = 116; HR, 2.77; 95% CI, 1.32-5.83; P = 0.0008). The Cox proportional hazards regression model revealed that donor AAC (HR, 4.15; 95% CI, 1.93-8.97; P = 0.0003) and right lobe graft (HR, 2.81; 95% CI, 1.41-5.61; P = 0.003) increased the risk of BC. Conversely, splenectomy (HR, 0.39; 95% CI, 0.16-0.92; P = 0.03) decreased the risk of BC after LDLT independently. The long-term survival was also significantly worse in AAC group than in non-AAC group (HR, 2.25; 95% CI, 1.04-4.89; P = 0.04). Donor AAC was an independent prognostic factor for BC among patients undergoing LDLT. Although further investigations are needed to verify our results, the levels of donor AAC could be a useful tool to identify the risks of BC and predict better outcomes following LDLT.


Assuntos
Transplante de Fígado , Sobrevivência de Enxerto , Humanos , Transplante de Fígado/efeitos adversos , Doadores Vivos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Int J Surg ; 80: 84-90, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32615319

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study examined whether single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in programmed cell death protein (PD)-1 is related to the postoperative prognosis of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The immune checkpoint protein PD-1 is an important inhibitor of T cell responses. SNP in the promoter region of PD-1 -606 G/A has been reported to result in high activation and expression of PD-1 associated with cancer risk. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed 321 patients with HCC who underwent hepatectomy between 2010 and 2015. PD-1 SNP was analyzed by polymerase chain reaction, and the prognosis after surgical treatment of patients with HCC was analyzed. RESULTS: The PD-1 SNP statuses were as follows: 90 AA (28.1%), 163 GA (50.8%), 68 GG (21.2%). The baseline parameters did not statistically differ between the three groups. The overall survival (OS) of patients with the GG genotype was significantly lower than that of those with the other genotypes (P = 0.031). The GG genotype was an independent risk factor for OS (P = 0.009; HR 2.201). There was no significant difference between the GG genotype and other genotypes in recurrent-free survival. The extrahepatic recurrence (EHR) rate of those with the GG genotype was significantly higher than that of those with the other genotypes (P = 0.036). The GG genotype was an independent risk factor for EHR (P = 0.008; HR 2.037). CONCLUSIONS: The PD-1 SNP GG genotype is associated with poor survival and increased EHR in HCC. Furthermore, the GG genotype is an independent predictive factor for OS and EHR.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Testes Genéticos/estatística & dados numéricos , Hepatectomia/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/mortalidade , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/genética , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/mortalidade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Transplant Proc ; 52(9): 2762-2766, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32682578

RESUMO

Hepatic encephalopathy that occurs long after liver transplantation (LT) is an uncommon condition. Here, we describe the successful case of a 65-year-old patient who underwent interventional radiology (IVR) using a transmesenteric approach under minilaparotomy for hepatic encephalopathy because of a portosystemic shunt 11 years after ABO-incompatible living donor LT with splenectomy. Enhanced computed tomography confirmed a huge portosystemic shunt and left gastric vein (LGV)-esophageal-azygos vein, which was not treated during LT. Liver stiffness measurements based on transient elastography did not show severe fibrosis in the liver graft. Since the hyperammonemia could not be managed with conventional medical treatment, balloon-occluded retrograde transvenous obliteration (BRTO) was indicated. However, it was difficult to perform because the drainage vein could not be approached from the inferior vena cava (IVC). Surgical shunt ligation was also difficult because of the history of multiple laparotomies. Although intraperitoneal adhesion was severe, the portosystemic shunt was successfully embolized with metallic coils and a plug by IVR using a transmesenteric approach under minilaparotomy. No complications occurred during the operation. His symptoms improved after the operation. The ammonia level and portal flow by ultrasound also improved. He was discharged 14 days after surgery without any complications.


Assuntos
Embolização Terapêutica/métodos , Encefalopatia Hepática/terapia , Laparotomia/métodos , Transplante de Fígado , Radiologia Intervencionista/métodos , Idoso , Oclusão com Balão/métodos , Encefalopatia Hepática/etiologia , Humanos , Transplante de Fígado/efeitos adversos , Masculino
14.
J Hepatobiliary Pancreat Sci ; 27(12): 931-941, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32359192

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The incidence of bile leakage after liver resection for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains a cause for concern. There are limited reports on the impacts of postoperative bile leakage on long-term clinical outcomes. This study aims to evaluate the effects of postoperative bile leakage on recurrence-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS). METHODS: A total of 1,178 patients who underwent curative liver resection for HCC between 1986 and 2012 were included in the present study. Postoperative bile leakage was defined using the International Study Group of Liver Surgery definition, and the primary end points of the study were OS and RFS at 5 years. RESULTS: Forty-three (3.7%) patients had bile leakage following liver resection. The median follow-up was 5 years. A follow-up analysis revealed that patients with bile leakage had poor 5-year rates of OS (41.0% vs 56.4%, P = .013) and RFS (14.6% vs 28.7%, P < .001). Additionally, bile leakage was an independent factor for both OS [hazard ratio (HR) 1.559, P = .022] and RFS (HR 1.517, P = .024). Furthermore, bile leakage was the only factor affecting prognosis among postoperative complications. CONCLUSIONS: Postoperative bile leakage worsens long-term clinical outcomes following liver resection in HCC patients.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Bile , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Hepatectomia/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
15.
Clin Case Rep ; 8(1): 108-115, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31998498

RESUMO

Hepatic epithelioid hemangioendothelioma is a rare neoplasm with a variable malignant potential and a high risk of recurrence. No general treatment guidelines have been established. Fortunately, we were able to minimize immunosuppressant after liver transplantation because of a full HLA-matched case. There was no recurrence 1 year after treatment.

16.
Surg Today ; 50(3): 307-313, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31471747

RESUMO

Three-dimensional printed liver models have been used for preoperative simulation. Unlike the standard three-dimensional system on a monitor, the three-dimensional printed model can be observed from any angle manually; therefore, surgeons can obtain a clear image directly from the model. We herein report the use of a unique three-dimensional liver model with a soft and transparent liver parenchyma. Through the parenchyma, the surgeons can observe the intrahepatic vessels and perform incisions in the model as a preoperative simulation. In this study, we applied this model to donor hepatectomy, which under most circumstances requires meticulous attention to detail. The actual processes and uses of a three-dimensional liver model in clinical surgery for liver transplantation are presented.


Assuntos
Simulação por Computador , Hepatectomia/métodos , Doadores Vivos , Modelos Anatômicos , Tecido Parenquimatoso , Impressão Tridimensional , Humanos
17.
Ann Gastroenterol Surg ; 3(6): 667-675, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31788655

RESUMO

Aim: Although inflammation-based markers in cancer have been used for prognostic prediction, the most useful marker for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has not been established. We investigated the usefulness of various inflammation-based markers in HCC patients after hepatectomy. Methods: A total of 478 patients who underwent initial hepatectomy for HCC from 2009 to 2015 and were diagnosed with pathological HCC were included in this retrospective study. Inflammation-based markers consisted of the C-reactive protein to albumin ratio (CAR), Glasgow prognostic score (GPS), neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio, lymphocyte to monocyte ratio, platelet to lymphocyte ratio and prognostic index. Univariate and multivariate analyses for overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) using the Cox proportional hazard model were carried out. Kaplan-Meier analysis and log-rank test were used for comparison of OS and DFS. To reduce influences of selection bias and confounders for stratifying CAR, clinicopathological characteristics of patients were balanced by propensity score matching. Results: Multivariate analysis identified only high CAR (>0.027) as an indicator of poor OS, and high CAR and high GPS (1-2) as indicators of poor DFS among inflammation-based markers. After propensity score matching, 124 patients each with low CAR and high CAR were matched. High CAR was correlated with both poor OS and DFS. Conclusion: C-reactive protein to albumin ratio was the most valuable prognostic indicator after hepatectomy for HCC among inflammation-based markers.

18.
Transplant Proc ; 51(8): 2740-2744, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31563243

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Refractory ascites is one of the major complications of liver transplant (LT) and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to analyze the efficacy and safety of novel cell-free and concentrated ascites reinfusion therapy (KM-CART) for the treatment of refractory ascites during preoperative living donor liver transplant. METHODS: Forty KM-CART procedures were performed on 8 liver transplant candidates. We investigated the safety and efficacy of KM-CART in terms of the processed ascites, adverse events, laboratory data, and patient condition. RESULTS: By using KM-CART, an average of 12.5 L (range, 2.6-26.1 L) of ascites was filtered and concentrated to 0.5 L (range, 0.1-1.6 L) in 62 minutes (range, 8-187 minutes). Final products contained 21.5 g (range, 2.5-65.6 g) of albumin and 13.5 g (range, 1.5-61.8 g) of globulin. No endotoxin contamination was detected in the ascites. Although the incidence of adverse events was 35.0% (including fever, hypotension, bleeding, leg cramps, and nausea), all of these could be treated conservatively. Body weight and oral intake were significantly improved after KM-CART. Furthermore, the use of fresh frozen plasma for the LT recipients with KM-CART was significantly lower than that for patients without KM-CART. In addition, no patients lost their opportunity for LT because of adverse events due to KM-CART. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings show that KM-CART could be a promising option for the treatment of refractory ascites during the preoperative period of LT. This study provides the foundation for further large-scale prospective studies.


Assuntos
Ascite/complicações , Ascite/cirurgia , Cirrose Hepática/complicações , Transplante de Fígado , Paracentese/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/cirurgia , Doadores Vivos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos
19.
J Hepatobiliary Pancreat Sci ; 26(8): 370-376, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31211914

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to clarify treatment outcomes of living donor liver procurement using the water jet scalpel (WJS). METHODS: This single-center, retrospective cohort study included 40 living donors who underwent liver procurement from January 2014 to December 2018. One living donor who underwent posterior segmentectomy was excluded. Clinical data and outcomes after surgery for 20 WJS donors and 19 Cavitron Ultrasonic Surgical Aspirator (CUSA) donors were compared. RESULTS: Preoperative and excised graft data did not differ significantly between the WJS and CUSA groups. Operation time (P = 0.025) and parenchymal transection time (P = 0.007) were significantly shorter in the WJS group. There was no difference between the groups in terms of short-term outcomes after surgery. Multivariate analysis revealed that WJS offered significant advantages over CUSA in terms of shortening parenchymal transection time (P = 0.017). CONCLUSION: Living donor liver procurement using WJS contributes to shortening of parenchymal transection time while maintaining the same level of safety as when using CUSA.


Assuntos
Transplante de Fígado/métodos , Doadores Vivos , Nefrectomia/instrumentação , Duração da Cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Ultrassônicos/instrumentação , Adulto , Estudos de Coortes , Desenho de Equipamento , Feminino , Sobrevivência de Enxerto , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Nefrectomia/métodos , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Instrumentos Cirúrgicos , Obtenção de Tecidos e Órgãos , Resultado do Tratamento , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Ultrassônicos/métodos
20.
Case Rep Gastroenterol ; 13(1): 66-72, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31182943

RESUMO

Sarcomatous intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) is a rare histological variant of ICC that is composed of both adenocarcinoma (ICC component) and sarcomatous components. Surgery is believed to be the primary treatment, and some reports describe primary resection. However, due to the aggressive malignancy of sarcomatous ICC, there is no report regarding resection of a metastatic lesion. In this report, we present the case of a 75-year-old woman admitted to our hospital with the chief complaint of weight loss. Various imaging techniques demonstrated a single mass in the liver and cecum. A cecal gastrointestinal stromal tumor accompanied by liver metastasis was suspected, and ileocecal resection was performed for diagnostic purposes. However, the tumor was present in the abdominal wall rather than in the cecum. The tumor was resected and diagnosed as undifferentiated sarcoma. We suspected the liver tumor was a series of lesions, so we performed hepatectomy. As the tumor was composed of both adenocarcinoma and sarcomatous components, it was diagnosed as sarcomatous ICC. The histological findings of the abdominal wall tumor were similar to those of sarcomatous ICC, so we diagnosed the abdominal wall tumor as a solitary metastasis of sarcomatous ICC. In this case, solitary metastasis was observed, and we were able to resect both the primary and metastatic lesions. This case illustrates that when solitary metastasis can be seen in sarcomatous ICC, radical resection is possible.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...