Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 154
Filtrar
1.
J Epidemiol ; 2021 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34456196

RESUMO

Background Tracking gestational weight gain (GWG) during pregnancy makes it possible to optimize pregnancy outcomes and GWG growth curves are well suitable for this purpose. The GWG guidelines for Japanese were revised in 2021. However, currently, there are no GWG growth curves to guide women on how to gain weight to meet these guidelines.Methods Using data on 96,631 live births from the Japan Environment and Children's Study (JECS), we created descriptive GWG percentile curves estimated the trajectory of GWG required to meet the GWG guidelines stratified by pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) For both analyses, Bayesian mixed models with restricted cubic splines adjusted for maternal characteristics were used.Results GWG curves substantially differed by pre-pregnancy BMI, and were higher among multiparas and those with lower maternal age and with no previous disease. We estimated that underweight, normal weight, overweight and obese women who gain 8.4 to 11.1 kg, 6.4 to 9.1 kg, 3.8 to 6.5 kg, and <1.9 kg at 30 weeks of gestation are on the trajectory to reach the new guidelines at 40 weeks of gestation.Conclusions We provide GWG percentiles curves for Japanese women as well as GWG trajectory curves to meet the new GWG recommendations. These results may help pregnant women monitor weight during their pregnancy.

2.
BMC Pediatr ; 21(1): 360, 2021 08 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34433439

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The association between a slower physical growth and poorer neurodevelopment has been established in infants born preterm or small for gestational age. However, this association is inconsistent in term-born infants, and detailed investigations in infancy, when intervention is most beneficial for improving outcomes, are lacking. We therefore examined this association separately by sex during the first year of life in term-born infants. METHODS: Using data collected until children reached 12 months old in an ongoing prospective cohort of the Japan Environment and Children's Study, we analyzed 44,264 boys and 42,541 girls with singleton term-birth. The exposure variables were conditional variables that disentangle linear growth from weight gain relative to linear growth, calculated from the length and weight at birth and 4, 7 and 10 months old. Neurodevelopmental delay was identified using the Japanese-translated version of Ages & Stages Questionnaires, third edition. RESULTS: A reduced risk of neurodevelopmental delay at 6 months old was observed in children with a higher birth weight (adjusted relative risks [aRRs]: 0.91 and 0.93, 95 % confidence intervals [95 % CIs]: 0.87-0.96 and 0.88-0.98 in boys and girls, respectively) and increased linear growth between 0 and 4 months old (aRRs: 0.85 and 0.87, 95 % CIs: 0.82-0.88 and 0.83-0.91 in boys and girls, respectively). A reduced risk at 12 months was found in children with an increased linear growth between 0 and 4 months (aRRs: 0.92 and 0.90, 95 % CIs: 0.87-0.98 and 0.84-0.96 in boys and girls, respectively), boys with an increased relative weight gain between 0 and 4 months (aRR: 0.90, 95 % CI: 0.84-0.97), and girls with a higher birth weight (aRR: 0.89, 95 % CI: 0.83-0.96). CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that a slow physical growth by four months old may be a predictor of neurodevelopmental delay during infancy.


Assuntos
Desenvolvimento Infantil , Peso ao Nascer , Criança , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34416000

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Maternal cholesterol is important for fetal development. Whether maternal serum total cholesterol (maternal TC) levels in mid-pregnancy are associated with small- (SGA) or large- (LGA) for-gestational-age independent of pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and weight gain during pregnancy is inconclusive. OBJECTIVE: To prospectively investigate the association between maternal TC in mid-pregnancy and SGA or LGA. DESIGN AND SETTING: The Japan Environment and Children's Study is a nationwide prospective birth cohort study in Japan. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 37,449 non-diabetic, non-hypertensive mothers with singleton birth at term without congenital abnormalities. OUTCOME MEASURES: Birth weight for the gestational age <10 percentile and ≥90 percentile were respectively defined as SGA and LGA by the Japanese neonatal anthropometric charts. RESULTS: The mean gestational age at blood sampling was 22.7±4.0 weeks. After adjustment for maternal age, sex of child, parity, weight gain during pregnancy, pre-pregnancy BMI, smoking, alcohol drinking, blood glucose levels, household income, and Study Areas, one standard deviation decrement of maternal TC was linearly associated with SGA [odds ratio (OR): 95% confidence intervals (CI) = 1.20: 1.15-1.25]. In contrast, one standard deviation increment of maternal TC was linearly associated with LGA [OR: 95% CI = 1.13: 1.09-1.16]. Associations did not differ according to pre-pregnancy BMI and gestational weight gain (p for interaction>0.20). CONCLUSION: Maternal TC levels in mid-pregnancy were associated with SGA or LGA in Japanese. Maternal TC in mid-pregnancy may help to predict SGA and LGA. Favorable maternal lipid profiles for fetal development must be explored.

4.
BMJ Open ; 11(8): e043202, 2021 08 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34380712

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between breast feeding and infant development during the first year of life using sibling comparison. DESIGN: Nationwide prospective birth cohort study with sibling pair analysis. SETTING: 15 regional centres that participated in the Japan Environment and Children's Study. PARTICIPANTS: This study included 77 119 children (singleton, term birth and no malformation/severe diseases) whose mothers were registered between January 2011 and March 2014, including 3521 duos or trios of siblings. PRIMARY OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcome was developmental delay at 6 and 12 months of age, assessed using the Japanese translation of the Ages and Stages Questionnaires, third edition. Multivariable regression analyses adjusted for confounders were performed to estimate the risk ratios of delay associated with any or exclusive breast feeding. Pairs of siblings discordant for statuses were selected, and conditional regression analyses were conducted with a matched cohort design. RESULTS: Developmental delay was identified in 6162 (8.4%) and 10 442 (14.6%) children at 6 and 12 months of age, respectively. Any breast feeding continued until 6 months or 12 months old was associated with reduced developmental delay at 12 months of age (adjusted risk ratio (95% CI): 0.81 (0.77 to 0.85) and 0.81 (0.78 to 0.84), respectively). Furthermore, exclusive breast feeding until 3 months was associated with reduced developmental delay at 12 months of age (adjusted risk ratio, 0.86 (95% CI 0.83 to 0.90)). In sibling pair analysis, the association between any breast feeding until 12 months and reduced developmental delay at 12 months of age persisted (adjusted risk ratio, 0.64 (95% CI 0.43 to 0.93)). CONCLUSIONS: The present study demonstrated the association of continuous breast feeding with reduced developmental delay at 1 year of age using sibling pair analysis, in which unmeasured confounding factors are still present but less included. This may provide an argument to promote breastfeeding continuation.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Irmãos , Criança , Desenvolvimento Infantil , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Japão/epidemiologia , Estudos Prospectivos
6.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 15522, 2021 07 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34330940

RESUMO

Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) and lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR), are three reportedly predictive biomarkers that reflect subclinical chronic inflammatory burden. However, how these biomarkers change during pregnancy and its clinical utility among pregnant women have been rarely studied. Among 76,853 singleton pregnancies delivered at 28-41 weeks of gestation that were enrolled in the Japan Environment and Children's Study, we observed the distribution of maternal NLR, PLR, and LMR values from week 0 to week 36 using spline curves, as well as their predictive values for preterm delivery with and without hypertensive disorders in pregnancy, placental abruption and intrauterine growth restriction (collectively termed ischemic placental disease due to their shared pathological and pathophysiological features) for measurements at 8-11 weeks, 12-17 weeks, and 18-21 weeks. NLR and PLR increased, whereas LMR decreased, with increasing gestation. High LMR and low NLR observed at 18-21 weeks, but not at earlier gestations, were associated with higher risk of preterm delivery with IPD (odds ratio 1.80 [95% CI 1.02, 3.19] per log[LMR]; odds ratio 0.49 [95% CI 0.29, 0.82] per log[NLR]). All parameters were not predictive of preterm delivery without IPD. We provide a robust reference curve for maternal blood count parameters NLR, PLR, and LMR by gestational week.

7.
Pediatr Int ; 2021 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34233075

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has affected the lives of young and old people. Most reports on pediatric cases suggest that children experience fewer and milder symptoms than adults do. This is the first nationwide study that focused on pediatric cases reported by pediatricians, including those with no or mild symptoms, in Japan. METHODS: We analyzed the epidemiological and clinical characteristics, and transmission patterns of 840 pediatric (<16 years old) COVID-19 cases reported between February and December 2020 in Japan, using a dedicated database that was voluntarily registered by the members of the Japan Pediatric Society. RESULTS: Almost half of patients (47.7%) were asymptomatic, while most of the others presented mild symptoms. At the time of admission or first outpatient clinic visit, 84.0% of the cases were afebrile (<37.5°C). In total, 609 cases (72.5%) were exposed to COVID-19-positive household members. We analyzed the influence of nationwide school closures that were introduced in March 2020 on COVID-19 transmission routes among children in Japan. Transmission within households occurred most frequently, with no significant difference between the periods before and after declaring nationwide school closures (70.9% and 74.5%, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: COVID-19 symptoms in pediatric cases are less severe than those in adult cases. School closure appeared to be limitedly effective, and controlling household transmission from adult family members is the most important measure for COVID-19 prevention among children.

8.
Sci Total Environ ; 794: 148643, 2021 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34198080

RESUMO

In recent years, there has been an increase in the number of problems associated with neurodevelopmental disorders in children, and there has been a growing interest in the relationship between environmental chemicals and children's health. The objective of this study was to examine whether an association exists between occupational or environmental prenatal maternal exposure to volatile organic compounds and the risk of neurodevelopmental disorders in children using Japanese translations of the Ages & Stages Questionnaires, Third Edition (J-ASQ-3). An increase in the risk of neurodevelopmental delay in 12-month-old children associated with maternal exposure to formalin or formaldehyde was identified in terms of problem-solving (odds ratio (OR): 1.76, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.99-3.12) and personal-social skills (OR: 3.32, 95% CI: 1.46-7.55). It is not clear whether or not this tendency is reversible, and whether it is observed past 12 months of age. Further research and a preventive approach are needed.


Assuntos
Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis , Criança , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Japão , Exposição Materna/efeitos adversos , Gravidez , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/induzido quimicamente , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/epidemiologia , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/toxicidade
9.
BMJ Open ; 11(7): e047003, 2021 07 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34315793

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a vascular proliferative disorder that occurs in preterm infants. Existing treatments are only indicated in severe ROP cases due to the high invasiveness and the potential risk of irreversible side effects. We previously elucidated that ripasudil, a selective inhibitor of the Rho-associated protein kinase, has the ability to inhibit abnormal retinal neovascularisation in animal models. In addition, ripasudil eye drops (Glanatec ophthalmic solution 0.4%) have been already used for the treatment of glaucoma. Since eye drop therapy is less invasive, early intervention for ROP is possible. The purpose of this phase I/II trial is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of ripasudil eye drops for preterm infants with ROP. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This is a multicentre, open-label, single-arm phase I/II trial. To evaluate the safety and efficacy of ripasudil as much as possible, ripasudil will be administered to all enrolled preterm infants with zone I/II, stage 1, or worse ROP. The safety and efficacy of ripasudil in treated patients will be assessed in comparison to a historical control group. Because this is the first trial of ripasudil in preterm infants, a dose-escalation study (once daily for 1 week, then two times per day for 2 weeks) will be conducted in phase I. After obtaining approval from the independent data and safety monitoring board to continue the trial after the completion of phase I, phase II will be conducted. In phase II, ripasudil eye drops will be administered two times per day for 12 weeks. The primary endpoint in phase II is also safety. Efficacy and pharmacokinetics will be evaluated as secondary endpoints. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This study protocol was approved by the institutional review board at each of the participating centres. Data will be presented at international conferences and published in peer-reviewed journals. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBERS: NCT04621136 and jRCT2071200047.


Assuntos
Retinopatia da Prematuridade , Animais , Ensaios Clínicos Fase I como Assunto , Ensaios Clínicos Fase II como Assunto , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Isoquinolinas/efeitos adversos , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Soluções Oftálmicas , Retinopatia da Prematuridade/tratamento farmacológico , Sulfonamidas , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Pediatr Res ; 2021 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34244617

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Healthcare workers are often exposed to hazardous agents and are at risk for adverse health consequences that affect not only themselves but also their infants. This study aimed to examine whether such occupational exposure increased the risk of childhood cancer in offspring. METHODS: We used the dataset of the Japan Environment and Children's Study, a nationwide birth cohort involving over 100,000 mother-child pairs. Information was obtained via successive questionnaires that were completed until the child turned 1 year of age. The parents were asked whether they occupationally handled medical agents during pregnancy. RESULTS: A total of 26 infants developed neoplasms: neuroblastoma, leukemia, and brain tumor. The incidence of neuroblastoma was significantly higher in infants whose mothers were exposed to radiation (3/2142: 140.1 per 100,000 population) than in those who were not (12/90,384: 13.3 per 100,000 population). Multivariable regression analyses revealed a close association between maternal irradiation and the development of neuroblastoma (adjusted incident rate ratio: 10.68 [95% confidence interval: 2.98‒38.27]). CONCLUSIONS: The present study demonstrated, for the first time, a potential association between maternal occupational exposure and the occurrence of neuroblastoma in offspring. Further studies involving the large pediatric cancer registries are needed to confirm these preliminary results. IMPACT: Healthcare workers are often exposed to hazardous agents and are at risk for adverse health consequences that affect not only themselves but also their infants. This study examined the association between such occupational exposure and offspring's cancers that developed until the age of 1 year. Maternal exposure to ionizing radiation was associated with infantile neuroblastoma in offspring. Further studies involving the large pediatric cancer registries are needed to confirm these preliminary results.

11.
J Neuroimmunol ; 358: 577656, 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34304142

RESUMO

Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE) is a slow virus infection associated with mutant measles virus (MeV). The long-term outcome of antiviral treatments remains to be determined. We herein present a Japanese boy who was diagnosed with SSPE at 10 years of age. Intraventricular infusions of interferon-α effectively prevented the progress of symptoms during 14 years of follow-up period. Flow-cytometric analysis demonstrated higher proportion of T helper 17 cells (Th17, 18.2%) than healthy controls (4.8-14.5%) despite the normal subpopulation of peripheral lymphocytes. These data suggest that a group of patients with SSPE may show favorable responses to intraventricular infusions of interferon-α.

12.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 11834, 2021 06 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34088929

RESUMO

This study investigated the association of maternal sleep before and during pregnancy with sleeping and developmental problems in 1-year-old infants. We used data from the Japan Environment and Children's Study, which registered 103,062 pregnancies between 2011 and 2014. Participants were asked about their sleep habits prior to and during pregnancy. Follow-up assessments were conducted to evaluate the sleep habits and developmental progress of their children at the age of 1 year. Development during infancy was evaluated using the Ages and Stages Questionnaire (ASQ). Maternal short sleep and late bedtime before and during pregnancy increased occurrence of offspring's sleeping disturbances. For example, infants whose mothers slept for less than 6 h prior to pregnancy tended to be awake for more than 1 h (risk ratio [RR] = 1.49, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.34-1.66), sleep less than 8 h during the night (RR = 1.60, 95% CI 1.44-1.79), and fall asleep at 22:00 or later (RR = 1.33, 95% CI 1.26-1.40). Only subjective assessments of maternal sleep quality during pregnancy, such as very deep sleep and feeling very good when waking up, were inversely associated with abnormal ASQ scores in 1-year-old infants.

14.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 8099, 2021 04 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33854123

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate the association between maternal physical activity (PA) before and during pregnancy and sleep and developmental problems in 1-year-old infants. We used data from a nationwide cohort study in Japan that registered 103,062 pregnancies between 2011 and 2014. Participants were asked about their PA before and during pregnancy, and the sleep and development of their children at the age of 1 year. Maternal PA was estimated using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire and was expressed in METs per week. We defined scores below the cut-off points of the Ages and Stages Questionnaire (ASQ) as abnormal for infant development. Based on the levels of PA before or during pregnancy, the participants were divided into five groups. In mothers with higher PA levels, the risk ratio for bedtime after 22:00 or abnormal ASQ scores in their 1-years-old infants were lower. These associations were observed for PA before and during pregnancy. Higher levels of maternal PA, both before and during pregnancy, may reduce sleep and developmental problems in infants.

16.
Rinsho Ketsueki ; 62(3): 186-189, 2021.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33828012

RESUMO

Acquired hemophilia A (AHA) is a disease that causes severe bleeding with the appearance of an inhibitor (INH) against blood coagulation factor VIII (FVIII). The prevalence of this condition is low; it occurs in only one in one to four million people per year; however, the number of diagnosed cases has increased in recent years owing to the greater awareness of the disease. It is noteworthy that this is a hemorrhagic disease that suddenly develops in the elderly. AHA treatment is divided into hemostatic treatment for bleeding and immunosuppressive therapy (IST) for removing FVIII-INH. As long as FVIII-INH remains, there is a risk of fatal bleeding; therefore, it is desirable to start IST soon after diagnosis. However, the use of immunosuppressive drugs for the elderly is often challenging due to concerns about adverse events, such as infectious diseases that have a considerable impact on prognosis. Ten years after the end of IST, we managed the case of a patient with AHA who had a relapse of FVIII-INH at the age of 84 years. In this case, relapse was detected early when there was no bleeding symptom, and remission was rapidly achieved with a small amount of IST without any adverse effects. There are few reports on AHA relapse; we believe that the present report will contribute meaningfully to the literature on this subject and would be useful when considering the long-term management of AHA.


Assuntos
Hemofilia A , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Fator VIII , Hemofilia A/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Imunossupressão , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Prognóstico
17.
Pediatr Int ; 2021 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33780596

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Large numbers of patients with diseases preventable by voluntary vaccines have been reported in Japan. However, it is difficult to analyze the impact of voluntary vaccination on disease prevention, as the governments do not aggregate the number of recipients of vaccines that are not included in the national immunization program. This study investigated the association between the coverage rates of two voluntary vaccines (rotavirus and mumps vaccines) and the incidence of the diseases preventable by these vaccines. METHODS: We performed a prospective questionnaire-based observational study to investigate the presumptive coverage rates of the rotavirus vaccine in infancy and the mumps vaccine at one year of age in Kitakyushu City from 2015 to 2018. The number of children admitted to a secondary medical institution for rotavirus-associated gastroenteritis and the incidence of mumps infection in sentinel medical institutions were also analyzed during the investigation period. RESULTS: The rotavirus and mumps vaccine coverage rates since 2016 were early 60% and late 20%, respectively (52.6% and 20.3% in 2015). The yearly number of children hospitalized for rotavirus-associated gastroenteritis from 2015 to 2018 declined by 41.4% compared with that during the pre-vaccination period (2009-2011). The incidence of mumps infection remained unchanged during the investigation period. CONCLUSION: The coverage rates of two voluntary vaccines were not high enough to control the infections. The incorporation of voluntary vaccines into the routine immunization program should be considered as the one of the effective ways to increase vaccination coverage.

18.
Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis ; 40(9): 2011-2015, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33661411

RESUMO

We investigated the recent epidemiology and characteristics of influenza-related hospitalization in Japanese children. This study included 3741 children with influenza. Children hospitalized for febrile seizures (FS) induced by etiologies other than influenza also served as a disease control. Most outpatients (92.8%) visited our hospital with complaints of respiratory symptoms, whereas FS were the most predominant symptoms of inpatients (58/154, 37.7%). Children with influenza-induced FS were significantly older than those with FS induced by other etiologies (P <0.001). Although the characteristics of severe influenza may vary throughout the world, the analysis of influenza-induced neurological disorders is important for understanding its epidemiology.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...