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1.
Cutan Ocul Toxicol ; 38(3): 290-293, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31010341

RESUMO

Purpose: Carvone (CVN) is a natural monoterpene found in essential oils of many aromatic plant species. In this study, we investigated the protective effect of CVN against paclitaxel (PTX)-induced retinal and optic nerve cytotoxicity in rats. Methods: Twenty-four male adult Wistar albino rats (250-400 g) were randomized into four equal groups comprising six animals in each. Group 1 (control group) received intraperitoneal (i.p.) saline solution (0.5 mL/200 g) weekly for 4 weeks. Group 2 received i.p. CVN [(S)-(+)- CVN, (5S)-5-Isopropenyl-2-methyl-2-cyclohexen-1-one, C10H14, 25 mg/kg], while Group 3 received i.p. PTX (5 mg/kg) weekly for 4 weeks. Group 4 received i.p. CVN (25 mg/kg) 30 min after i.p. PTX (5 mg/kg) weekly for 4 weeks. At the end of the experimental period, retinal and optic nerve tissues were evaluated histopathologically. Results: All retinal specimens in control and CVN groups were histopathologically normal. In PTX group all eyes (6/6) demonstrated increased retinal vascularity and rosette-like structures in the outer nuclear layer, while in PTX-CVN group all eyes (6/6) demonstrated normal retinal vascularity and absence of rosette-like structures. All optic nerve specimens in control and CVN groups were histopathologically normal. In PTX group all eyes (6/6) demonstrated severe vacuolization and decrease in the number of astrocytes and oligodendrocytes, while 3 eyes (3/6) demonstrated marked single cell necrosis. In PTX-CVN group, 4 eyes (4/6) demonstrated moderate vacuolization while, 2 eyes (2/6) had none. Compared with PTX group, 1 eye (1/6) in PTX-CVN group demonstrated a decrease in numbers of astrocytes and oligodendrocytes while 5 eyes (5/6) were normal. No remarkable single cell necrosis was observed in PTX-CVN group. Conclusions: Our histopathological findings demonstrated the potential protective role of CVN against PTX-induced retinal and optic nerve cytotoxicity. CVN might be a promising molecule in counteracting oxidative stress-based cytotoxicity in the field of retinal and optic nerve disorders.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/efeitos adversos , Nervo Óptico/efeitos dos fármacos , Paclitaxel/efeitos adversos , Substâncias Protetoras/uso terapêutico , Retina/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Masculino , Nervo Óptico/patologia , Ratos Wistar , Retina/patologia
2.
Clin Psychopharmacol Neurosci ; 17(2): 211-221, 2019 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30905121

RESUMO

Objective: This study investigated changes in urotensin-II (U-II) and endocan levels which can be used as an early biological marker of endothelial injury in the episode and remission phases of bipolar affective disorder (BAD). Methods: We compared endocan and U-II levels, which has been shown to be closely associated with neurotransmitter systems in addition to continuity of endothelial structure and inflammatory response, in patients with BAD in remission for at least one year (n=42) and in patients still in manic or depressive episodes (n=16) with healthy controls (n=30). Results: Both endocan and U-II levels were significantly higher in the bipolar patients than in the controls. Endocan and U-II levels were also significantly correlated with one another (p =0.000, r=0.833). Both endocan (p =0.000) and U-II levels (p =0.000) were significantly higher in the bipolar attack group compared to the subjects in remission, and in the remission group compared to the controls. Conclusion: In this study we determined significantly higher endocan and U-II levels in BAD compared to the controls, while serum endocan and U-II levels of patients undergoing attacks were also significantly higher than those of the controls and also those of patients in remission.

3.
Phytomedicine ; 55: 191-199, 2019 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30668429

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Veratrum, hellebore is an important plant species of the Liliaceae family and jervine is the characteristic steroidal alkaloid constituent of Veratrum album. PURPOSE: In the current study, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects of jervine isolated from NH4OH-benzene extract of V. album rhizomes were investigated on CAR induced paw edema in rats. METHODS/STUDY DESIGN: In inflammatory study, 50, 100, 200 and 400  mg/kg doses of jervine, 25  mg/kg doses of DIC and IND were orally administered, and the volume of the foots were measured up to their knee arthrosis by plethismometer. After one hour of the oral administration of the all treatments, 0.1 ml of CAR solution (1%) was injected into the foot of the all rat groups and the volume of the foots were measured during 5 h after CAR injection. GPx, SOD, GR, MPO, CAT enzymes activities and GSH, LPO levels of the supernatants of paw homogenates and inflammation biomarkers such as TNF-α and IL-1ß in the rats serums were also estimated. RESULTS: According to the present results, jervine exerted 50.4-73.5% anti-inflammatory effects in carrageenan induced paw edema. Inflammation biomarkers such as TNF-α, IL-1ß and MPO that increased by CAR injection were suppressed by the administrations of all doses of jervine, IND and DIC. In all paw tissues, LPO levels as indicator of oxidative tissue damage were found to be high in CAR-treated group and it was found to be decreased in all doses of jervine. CONCLUSION: Jervine, DIC and IND reduced the negative effects of CAR due to increasing effects on the SOD, CAT, GSH, GPx and GR antioxidants.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Alcaloides de Veratrum/farmacologia , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/administração & dosagem , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Carragenina/toxicidade , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos/métodos , Edema/induzido quimicamente , Edema/tratamento farmacológico , Enzimas/metabolismo , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Peroxidação de Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Extratos Vegetais/química , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Rizoma/química , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Veratrum/química , Alcaloides de Veratrum/administração & dosagem , Alcaloides de Veratrum/isolamento & purificação
4.
Acta Cir Bras ; 33(7): 609-618, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30110062

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the gastroprotective effect of methanol extract of E. spectabilis and its major component isoorientin. METHODS: Effects of isoorientin and methanol extract of E. spectabilis were investigated in indomethacin-induced gastric damage model on rats. Famotidine was used as the standard antiulcer drug. Numerical density of ulcer areas and oxidative status were determined on stomach tissues of rats. RESULTS: All doses of isoorientin and methanol extract decreased MDA level and increased SOD activity and GSH levels in the stomach tissue of rats. When numerical density of ulcer areas were analized, the 500 mg/kg dose of methanol extract (84%) exhibited a similar effect to 20 mg/kg dose of standart drug famotidine (87%). CONCLUSIONS: The gastroprotective effects of E. spectabilis and its major constituent isoorientin in rats for the first time. Detailed analyses suggested that potential antioxidant activity of both plant extract and isoorientin mediates the gastroprotective effect.


Assuntos
Antiulcerosos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Luteolina/farmacologia , Metanol/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Úlcera Gástrica/tratamento farmacológico , Xanthorrhoeaceae/química , Animais , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Glutationa/análise , Glutationa/efeitos dos fármacos , Indometacina , Masculino , Malondialdeído/análise , Ratos Wistar , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Úlcera Gástrica/patologia , Superóxido Dismutase/análise , Superóxido Dismutase/efeitos dos fármacos , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(7): 609-618, July 2018. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-949367

RESUMO

Abstract Purpose: To investigate the gastroprotective effect of methanol extract of E. spectabilis and its major component isoorientin. Methods: Effects of isoorientin and methanol extract of E. spectabilis were investigated in indomethacin-induced gastric damage model on rats. Famotidine was used as the standard antiulcer drug. Numerical density of ulcer areas and oxidative status were determined on stomach tissues of rats. Results: All doses of isoorientin and methanol extract decreased MDA level and increased SOD activity and GSH levels in the stomach tissue of rats. When numerical density of ulcer areas were analized, the 500 mg/kg dose of methanol extract (84%) exhibited a similar effect to 20 mg/kg dose of standart drug famotidine (87%). Conclusions: The gastroprotective effects of E. spectabilis and its major constituent isoorientin in rats for the first time. Detailed analyses suggested that potential antioxidant activity of both plant extract and isoorientin mediates the gastroprotective effect.


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Úlcera Gástrica/tratamento farmacológico , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Luteolina/farmacologia , Metanol/farmacologia , Xanthorrhoeaceae/química , Antiulcerosos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Úlcera Gástrica/patologia , Superóxido Dismutase/análise , Superóxido Dismutase/efeitos dos fármacos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Indometacina , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Resultado do Tratamento , Ratos Wistar , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Glutationa/análise , Glutationa/efeitos dos fármacos , Malondialdeído/análise
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