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1.
RMD Open ; 7(1)2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33782189

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Gout is often not adequately treated, and we aimed to apply urate lowering treatment (ULT) combined with individual information to achieve target serum urate (sUA) in clinical practice, and to identify predictors of achievement of this sUA target. METHODS: Patients with a recent gout flare and sUA >360 µmol/L (>6 mg/dL) were consecutively included in a single-centre study and managed with a treat-to-target approach combining nurse-led information about gout with ULT. All patients were assessed with tight controls at baseline, 1, 2, 3, 6, 9 and 12 months including clinical examination, information on demographics, lifestyle, self-efficacy and beliefs about medicines. The treatment target was sUA <360 µmol/L and multivariable logistic regression was used to identify predictors of target attainment with ORs and 95% CIs. RESULTS: Of 211 patients (mean age 56.4 years, disease duration 7.8 years, 95% males), 186 completed the 12-month study. Mean sUA levels decreased from baseline mean 500 to 311 µmol/L at 12 months with 85.5% achieving the treatment target. Alcohol consumption at least weekly versus less frequently (OR 0.14; 95% CI 0.04 to 0.55) as well as beliefs in overuse of medicines (OR per unit 0.77; 95 CI 0.62 to 0.94) decreased the chance of reaching the treatment target, while higher self-efficacy for arthritis symptoms (OR 1.49 per 10 units; 95% CI 1.09 to 2.05) increased the likelihood. CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that target sUA can be achieved with ULT in most patients. Less self-reported alcohol consumption, low beliefs in overuse of medicines and higher self-efficacy are associated with treatment success.

2.
J Rheumatol ; 2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33649069

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: In Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA), evidence regarding the effectiveness of a second biologic Disease Modifying Anti-Rheumatic Drugs (bDMARDs) in patients whose first ever bDMARD was a non-tumor-necrosis-factor-inhibitor (TNFi) bDMARD is limited. The objective of this study was therefore to assess the outcome of the second bDMARD (non-TNFi [rituximab, abatacept or tocilizumab, separately] and TNFi) after failure of a non-TNFi bDMARD as first bDMARD. METHODS: We identified RA patients from the five Nordic biologics registers started treatment with a non-TNFi as first ever bDMARD but switched to a second bDMARD. For the second bDMARD, we assessed survival-on-drug (at 6 and 12 months), and primary response (at 6 months). RESULTS: We included 620 patients starting a second bDMARD (ABA 86, RTX 40, TCZ 67 and TNFi 427) following failure of a first non-TNFI bDMARD. At 6 and 12 months after start of their second bDMARD, around 70% and 50%, respectively, remained on treatment, and at 6 months less than one third of patients were still on their second bDMARD and had reached low disease activity or remission according to DAS28. For those patients whose second bMDARD was a TNFI, the corresponding proportion was slightly higher (40%). CONCLUSION: The survival-on-drug and primary response of a second bDMARD in RA patients switching due to failure of a non-TNFi bDMARD as first bDMARD is modest. Some patients may benefit from TNFi when used after failure of a non-TNFi as first bDMARD.

3.
RMD Open ; 7(1)2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33547228

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate if inflammation detected by MRI or ultrasound at rheumatoid arthritis (RA) onset is predictive of erosive progression or poor response to methotrexate monotherapy, and to investigate if subclinical inflammation in remission is predictive of future treatment escalation or erosive progression. METHODS: In a 2-year study, 218 patients with disease-modifying antirheumatic drug-naïve early RA were treated by a tight-control treat-to-target strategy corresponding to current recommendations. MRI and ultrasound were performed at regular intervals. Baseline imaging-based inflammation measures were analysed as predictors for early methotrexate failure and erosive progression using univariate and multivariate regression adjusted for clinical, laboratory and radiographic measures. In patients in remission after 1 year, imaging measures were analysed as predictors of treatment escalation and erosive progression during the second year. The added value of imaging in prediction models was assessed using receiver operating characteristic analyses. RESULTS: Baseline MRI inflammation was associated with MRI erosive progression and ultrasound with radiographic erosive progression. No imaging inflammation measure was associated with early methotrexate failure. Imaging inflammation was present in a majority of patients in clinical remission. Tenosynovitis was associated with treatment escalation, and synovitis and tenosynovitis with MRI/radiographic erosive progression during the second year. Imaging information did not improve prediction models for any of the outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: Imaging-detected inflammation, both at diagnosis and in remission, is associated with elements of future disease development. However, the lack of a significant effect on prediction models indicates limited value of systematic MRI and ultrasound in management of early RA.

4.
RMD Open ; 7(1)2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33547229

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The rheumatoid arthritis impact of disease (RAID) questionnaire comprises seven patient-important domains of disease impact (pain, function, fatigue, sleep disturbance, emotional well-being, physical well-being, coping). RAID was validated as a pooled-weighted score. Its seven individual items separately could provide a valuable tool in clinical practice to guide interventions targeting the patient's experience of the disease. The aim was to separately assess the psychometric properties of each of the seven numeric rating scale (NRS) of the RAID (RAID.7). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Post hoc analyses of data from the cross-sectional RAID study and from the Rainbow study, an open-label 12-week trial of etanercept in patients with RA. Construct validity of each NRS was assessed cross-sectionally in the RAID data set by Spearman's correlation with the respective external instrument of reference. Using the rainbow data set, we assessed reliability through intraclass correlation coefficient between the screening and the baseline visits and responsiveness (sensitivity to change) by standardised response mean between baseline and 12 weeks. RESULTS: A total of 671 patients with RA with features of established disease were analysed, 563 and 108 from RAID and Rainbow, respectively. The NRS correlated moderately to strongly with the respective external instrument of reference (r=0.62-0.81). Reliability ranged from 0.64 (0.51-0.74) (pain) to 0.83 (0.76-0.88) (sleep disturbance) and responsiveness from 0.93 (0.73-1.13) (sleep disturbance) to 1.34 (1.01-1.64) (pain). CONCLUSION: The separate use of the individual NRS of RAID (RAID.7) is valid, feasible, reliable and sensitive to change, representing an opportunity to improve the assessment and treatment of disease impact with minimal questionnaire burden. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT00768053.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33460531

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: There is a lack of real-life studies on IL-17 inhibition in psoriatic arthritis (PsA). We assessed real-life 6-/12-month effectiveness (i.e. retention, remission, low-disease-activity [LDA] and response rates) of the IL-17 inhibitor secukinumab in PsA patients overall, and across 1) number of prior biologic/targeted synthetic Disease-Modifying Anti-Rheumatic Drugs (b/tsDMARDs), 2) years since diagnosis, and 3) European registries. METHODS: Thirteen quality registries in rheumatology participating in the European Spondyloarthritis Research Collaboration Network provided longitudinal, observational data collected as part of routine care, for secondary use. Data were pooled and analysed with Kaplan-Meier plots, log-rank tests, Cox regression, and multiple linear and logistic regression analyses. RESULTS: A total of 2,017 PsA patients started treatment with secukinumab between 2015 and 2018. Overall secukinumab retention rates were 86%/76% after 6/12 months. Crude (LUNDEX adjusted) 6-month remission/LDA (LDA including remission) rates for DAPSA28, DAS28-CRP and SDAI were 13%/46% (11%/39%), 36%/55% (30%/46%) and 13%/56% (11%/47%), and 12-month rates 11%/46% (7%/31%), 39%/56% (26%/38%) and 16%/62% (10%/41%), respectively. CDAI remission/LDA rates were similar to the SDAI rates. Six-month ACR20/50/70 responses were 34%/19%/11% (29%/16%/9%); 12-month: 37%/21%/11% (24%/14%/7%). Secukinumab effectiveness was significantly better for b/tsDMARD naïve patients, similar across time since diagnosis (<2/2-4/>4 years) and varied significantly across the European registries. CONCLUSION: In this large real-world study on secukinumab treatment in PsA, 6- and 12-month effectiveness was comparable to previous observational studies of TNFi. Retention, remission, LDA and response rates were significantly better for b/tsDMARD naïve patients, independent of time since diagnosis and varied significantly across the European countries.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33227175

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the longer-term effects of secukinumab 150 mg on fatigue in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) in MEASURE 1 (up to 3 years) and MEASURE 2 (up to 2 years). METHODS: Patients with active AS were randomized to secukinumab or placebo in MEASURE 1 (10 mg/kg intravenous [IV] followed by 150 mg subcutaneous [SC]) and MEASURE 2 (150 mg SC). Patients were naive to or had an inadequate response/intolerance to tumor necrosis factor inhibitors (anti-TNF-naive/ anti-TNF-IR). Fatigue was measured using the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Fatigue (FACIT-F) scale. Relationships between fatigue response and baseline characteristics and clinical/laboratory variables were explored. RESULTS: Significant improvements in FACIT-F scores from baseline were observed with secukinumab across both studies versus placebo at week 16 (P < 0.05). Improvements were sustained through week 156 (MEASURE 1)/week 104 (MEASURE 2). Significantly more patients reported fatigue responses (FACIT-F increase ≥4; observed data) with secukinumab 150 mg than placebo at week 16 in both MEASURE 1 (P < 0.05) and MEASURE 2 (P < 0.01). Fatigue responses were achieved by 75.6% of patients receiving secukinumab at week 156 (MEASURE 1) and 81.4% at week 104 (MEASURE 2); these results were consistent in both anti-TNF-naive (74.3% and 84.6%) and anti-TNF-IR (81.3% and 75.0%) patients. Baseline characteristics did not predict improvement in fatigue consistently. Fatigue responses were moderately to strongly correlated with responses in several clinical measures, including Assessment of SpondyloArthritis international Society (ASAS)20/40, ASAS5/6 responses, Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Score-C reactive protein (ASDAS-CRP), Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI), and Short-form (SF)-36 scores. CONCLUSION: Secukinumab provided rapid and sustained improvements in fatigue for up to 3 years, regardless of prior anti-TNF exposure.

7.
N Engl J Med ; 383(16): 1588-1589, 2020 10 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33053290
8.
RMD Open ; 6(3)2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32950963

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To explore 6-month and 12-month secukinumab effectiveness in patients with axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) overall, as well as across (1) number of previous biologic/targeted synthetic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (b/tsDMARDs), (2) time since diagnosis and (3) different European registries. METHODS: Real-life data from 13 European registries participating in the European Spondyloarthritis Research Collaboration Network were pooled. Kaplan-Meier with log-rank test, Cox regression, χ² and logistic regression analyses were performed to assess 6-month and 12-month secukinumab retention, inactive disease/low-disease-activity states (Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI) <2/<4, Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Score (ASDAS) <1.3/<2.1) and response rates (BASDAI50, Assessment of Spondyloarthritis International Society (ASAS) 20/40, ASDAS clinically important improvement (ASDAS-CII) and ASDAS major improvement (ASDAS-MI)). RESULTS: We included 1860 patients initiating secukinumab as part of routine care. Overall 6-month/12-month secukinumab retention rates were 82%/72%, with significant (p<0.001) differences between the registries (6-month: 70-93%, 12-month: 53-86%) and across number of previous b/tsDMARDs (b/tsDMARD-naïve: 90%/73%, 1 prior b/tsDMARD: 83%/73%, ≥2 prior b/tsDMARDs: 78%/66%). Overall 6-month/12-month BASDAI<4 were observed in 51%/51%, ASDAS<1.3 in 9%/11%, BASDAI50 in 53%/47%, ASAS40 in 28%/22%, ASDAS-CII in 49%/46% and ASDAS-MI in 25%/26% of the patients. All rates differed significantly across number of previous b/tsDMARDs, were numerically higher for b/tsDMARD-naïve patients and varied significantly across registries. Overall, time since diagnosis was not associated with secukinumab effectiveness. CONCLUSIONS: In this study of 1860 patients from 13 European countries, we present the first comprehensive real-life data on effectiveness of secukinumab in patients with axSpA. Overall, secukinumab retention rates after 6 and 12 months of treatment were high. Secukinumab effectiveness was consistently better for bionaïve patients, independent of time since diagnosis and differed across the European countries.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32810263

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: RF and ACPA are used as diagnostic tools and their presence has been associated with clinical response to some biologic DMARDs (bDMARDs) in RA. This study compared the impact of seropositivity on drug discontinuation and effectiveness of bDMARDs in patients with RA, using head-to-head comparisons in a real-world setting. METHODS: We conducted a pooled analysis of 16 observational RA registries. Inclusion criteria were a diagnosis of RA, initiation of treatment with rituximab (RTX), abatacept (ABA), tocilizumab (TCZ) or TNF inhibitors (TNFis) and available information on RF and/or ACPA status. Drug discontinuation was analysed using Cox regression, including drug, seropositivity, their interaction, adjusting for concomitant and past treatments and patient and disease characteristics and accounting for country and calendar year of bDMARD initiation. Effectiveness was analysed using the Clinical Disease Activity Index evolution over time. RESULTS: Among the 27 583 eligible patients, the association of seropositivity with drug discontinuation differed across bDMARDs (P for interaction <0.001). The adjusted hazard ratios for seropositive compared with seronegative patients were 1.01 (95% CI 0.95, 1.07) for TNFis, 0.89 (0.78, 1.02)] for TCZ, 0.80 (0.72, 0.88) for ABA and 0.70 (0.59, 0.84) for RTX. Adjusted differences in remission and low disease activity rates between seropositive and seronegative patients followed the same pattern, with no difference in TNFis, a small difference in TCZ, a larger difference in ABA and the largest difference in RTX (Lundex remission difference +5.9%, low disease activity difference +11.6%). CONCLUSION: Seropositivity was associated with increased effectiveness of non-TNFi bDMARDs, especially RTX and ABA, but not TNFis.

11.
Drugs Aging ; 37(8): 617-626, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32648248

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of rituximab in older vs younger patients with rheumatoid arthritis. METHODS: Data on 367 patients with rheumatoid arthritis treated with rituximab in the Norwegian Disease-Modifying Antirheumatic Drug (NOR-DMARD) register were analysed, comparing patients aged ≥ 65 years (n = 91) with patients aged < 65 years (n = 276). Drug survival was compared using a Kaplan-Meier analysis and Cox proportional hazard models. Disease activity, as assessed by the Disease Activity Score based on 28 joints and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (DAS28-ESR) and the Simplified Disease Activity Index, was analysed with linear mixed models. The occurrence of adverse events was analysed by quasi-Poisson regression models. RESULTS: Drug survival was similar in the two age groups. The proportion of patients who remained taking rituximab over 2 years was 72% in those under aged 65 years vs 74% in those aged ≥ 65 years. No statistically significant association with age was found for drug survival in either the unadjusted (hazard ratio 1.13, p = 0.65) or adjusted Cox proportional hazard analyses for the model with DAS28-ESR as a confounder (effect size 1.11, p = 0.73). Models including the Simplified Disease Activity Index instead of DAS28-ESR yielded similar results. Age was furthermore not significantly associated with disease activity over time, although there was a tendency towards a poorer response in older patients. In the older age group, there was a higher incidence of pneumonia (107 vs 51 per 1000 patient-years) and other serious infections (142 vs 66 per 1000 patient-years). CONCLUSIONS: Rituximab is a reasonable therapeutic option for older patients with rheumatoid arthritis although vigilance is needed with regard to the infection profile. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01581294.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/efeitos adversos , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Imunossenescência/efeitos dos fármacos , Rituximab/efeitos adversos , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Antirreumáticos/administração & dosagem , Artrite Reumatoide/imunologia , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos/epidemiologia , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Noruega , Sistema de Registros , Rituximab/administração & dosagem , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
RMD Open ; 6(2)2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32683326

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic autoimmune inflammatory disorder with a global prevalence of approximately 0.5-1%. Patients with RA are at an increased risk of developing comorbidities (eg, cardiovascular disease, pulmonary disease, diabetes and depression). Despite this, there are limited recommendations for the management and implementation of associated comorbidities. This study aimed to identify good practice interventions in the care of RA and associated comorbidities. METHODS: A combination of primary research (180+ interviews with specialists across 12 European rheumatology centres) and secondary research (literature review of existing publications and guidelines/recommendations) were used to identify challenges in management and corresponding good practice interventions. Findings were prioritised and reviewed by a group of 18 rheumatology experts including rheumatologists, comorbidity experts, a patient representative and a highly specialised nurse. RESULTS: Challenges throughout the patient pathway (including delays in diagnosis and referral, shortage of rheumatologists, limited awareness of primary care professionals) and 18 good practice interventions were identified in the study. The expert group segmented and prioritised interventions according to three distinct stages of the disease: (1) suspected RA, (2) recent diagnosis of RA and (3) established RA. Examples of good practice interventions included enabling self-management (self-monitoring and disease management support, for example, lifestyle adaptations); early arthritis clinic; rapid access to care (online referral, triage, ultrasound-guided diagnosis); dedicated comorbidity specialists; enhanced communication with primary care (hotline, education sessions); and integrating patient registries into daily clinical practice. CONCLUSION: Learning from implementation of good practice interventions in centres across Europe provides an opportunity to more widely improved care for patients with RA and associated comorbidities.

13.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 79(11): 1500-1505, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32669301

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: As ultrasound is sensitive for detecting crystal depositions in patients with gout, our objectives were to explore the main locations for depositions and the extent of dissolution of depositions during a treat-to-target approach with urate lowering treatment (ULT) in patients with gout. METHODS: Patients with a recent flare of gout were consecutively included in this single-centre study and managed by a treat-to-target approach with ULT. All patients were assessed at baseline, 3, 6 and 12 months including bilateral ultrasound examinations of joints/tendons/entheses of hands, elbows, knees, ankles and feet. A new semiquantitative scoring system of 0-3 of elementary lesions (double contour (DC), tophi and aggregates) was applied to quantify the amount of depositions during the follow-up. RESULTS: 209 of the patients were evaluated with ultrasound at baseline (mean (SD) age 56.4 (13.8) years and disease duration 7.9 (7.7) years, 95.2% men). The serum urate levels decreased from baseline to 12 months (mean (SD) 500 (77) to 312 (49) µmol/L) (p<0.001)). The first metatarsophalangeal joint was the most frequent location for all the elementary lesions and erosions were associated with higher levels of crystal depositions. From baseline to 12 months, mean sum scores decreased for DC (4.3 to 1.3), tophi (6.5 to 3.8) and aggregates (9.3 to 6.7) (p<0.001 for all), with DC being most sensitive to change. CONCLUSIONS: The ultrasound scoring system for crystal depositions was sensitive to change and showed that a treat-to-target approach with ULT resulted in significant reductions of all the depositions, most extensively for DC.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32702166

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare levels of grip strength in persons with hand osteoarthritis (OA) with normative values, and examine how hand OA severity and other biopsychosocial factors are associated with grip strength. METHODS: Levels of grip strength across age groups were compared with normative values from the general population in sex-stratified analyses using two-sample T-tests. Associations between radiographic hand OA severity (Kellgren-Lawrence sum score) in different joint groups and grip strength of the same hand were examined in 300 persons from the Nor-Hand study using linear regression. Analyses were repeated using markers of pain, demographic factors, comorbidities, psychological and social factors as independent variables. We adjusted for age, sex and body mass index. RESULTS: Persons with hand OA had lower grip strength than the general population, especially in persons below 60 years. In thumb base joints, increasing radiographic severity (range 0-8) and presence of pain were associated with lower grip strength (beta=-0.83, 95% CI -1.12, -0.53 and beta=-2.15, 95% CI -3.15, -1.16, respectively). Negative associations with grip strength were also found for women, low education, higher comorbidity index and higher resting heart rate. CONCLUSION: Persons with hand OA have lower grip strength than the general population. Our results support that studies on thumb base OA should include grip strength as an outcome measure. However, other biopsychosocial factors should also be considered when the grip strength is being interpreted, as other factors such as sex, socioeconomic factors, physical fitness, and comorbidities are negatively associated with grip strength.

15.
Semin Arthritis Rheum ; 50(4): 709-718, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32521325

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Remission (REM) or low disease activity (LDA) states were compared in a clinical trial setting of the FUTURE 2 study (NCT01752634) using Disease Activity Index for Psoriatic Arthritis (DAPSA) and Minimal Disease Activity (MDA) composite indices in secukinumab treated PsA patients. METHODS: The proportion of patients reaching DAPSA-REM (cut-off ≤4) or REM+LDA (≤14), and very low disease activity (VLDA; achieving 7/7 criteria) or MDA (≥5/7), were compared in the overall population, by prior use of anti-TNF therapy, and by time since diagnosis using as observed data. The proportion of patients who met individual core component and other variables of interest were also computed to assess residual disease activity in DAPSA-REM/REM+LDA states and VLDA/MDA responses. The relationship between DAPSA/MDA and patient reported outcomes (PROs), including health-related quality of life, physical function, and fatigue were assessed using mixed model for repeated measures. RESULTS: More patients could achieve DAPSA-REM or DAPSA-REM+LDA status than VLDA or MDA responses, respectively, at all the time points in the overall population, irrespective of anti‒TNF status and time since diagnosis. Higher proportion of patients reaching DAPSA-REM or VLDA achieved more thresholds of core components (joints, pain, patient and physician global assessments, and function) than DAPSA-REM+LDA or MDA over Week 104. There were differences with numerically higher proportion of patients achieving patient global assessment ≤10 mm and ≤20 mm, and physician global assessment ≤10 mm with MDA than with DAPSA-REM+LDA, and patient pain VAS ≤15 mm, PASI ≤1, HAQ ≤0.5 with VLDA or MDA than with DAPSA-REM or DAPSA-REM+LDA, respectively, through 104 weeks. Improvements in PROs were significantly better for patients in DAPSA-REM+LDA versus DAPSA-moderate+high disease activity status, and for MDA responders versus non-responders. CONCLUSION: These analysis add to the evidence that both DAPSA and MDA composite index measures can be used for evaluation of the status and treatment response utilizing a treat to target approach in PsA patients in a clinical trial setting and improve patient health related outcomes. FUNDING: The study and analysis was funded by Novartis Pharma AG, Basel, Switzerland.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32572483

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To develop an alternative Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Score (ASDAS) to be used in research settings in axial SpA (axSpA) when Patient Global Assessment (PGA) is unavailable in databases. METHODS: Longitudinal data from four axSpA cohorts and two randomized controlled trials were combined. Observations were randomly split in a development (N = 1026) and a validation cohort (N = 1059). Substitutes of PGA by BASDAI total score, single or combined individual BASDAI questions, and a constant value, were established in the development cohort. Conversion factors for each substitute were defined by Generalized Estimating Equations, obtaining seven 'alternative' formulae. Validation was performed in the validation cohort according to the OMERACT filter, taking into consideration: (i) truth (agreement with original-ASDAS in the continuous score, by intraclass correlation coefficient and in disease activity states, by weighted kappa); (ii) discrimination [standardized mean difference of ASDAS scores between high/low disease activity states defined by external anchors, e.g. Patient Acceptable Symptom State; agreement (kappa) in the percentage of patients reaching ASDAS improvement criteria according to alternative vs original formulae]; and (iii) feasibility. RESULTS: Comparing various options, alternative-ASDAS using BASDAI total as PGA replacement proved to be: truthful (intraclass correlation coefficient = 0.98, kappa = 0.90), discriminative [ASDAS scores between Patient Acceptable Symptom State no/yes: standardized mean difference = 1.37 (original-ASDAS standardized mean difference = 1.43); agreement with original-ASDAS in major improvement/clinically important improvement criteria: kappa = 0.93/0.88] and feasible (BASDAI total often available, as questions required for the ASDAS; conversion coefficient ≈ 1). CONCLUSION: Alternative-ASDAS using BASDAI total score as PGA replacement is the most truthful, discriminative and feasible instrument.

17.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 2020 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32573426

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To analyse the onset and sustainability of patient-reported improvements in symptoms of psoriatic arthritis (PsA) following treatment with ixekizumab (IXE) up to Week 108. METHODS: In patients with active PsA, either naive to biological DMARDs (SPIRIT-P1) or having inadequate response or intolerance to 1 or 2 prior TNF-inhibitors (TNFi­experienced; SPIRIT-P2), we analysed the change from baseline in joint pain visual analogue scale (VAS; 0-100 scale), patient global assessment (PatGA VAS; 0-100 scale), fatigue numerical rating scale (NRS; 0 [no fatigue] to 10 [worst imaginable]), and Health Assessment Questionnaire-Disability Index (HAQ-DI; 0-3), up to Week 108. RESULTS: IXE-treated patients compared to placebo reported rapid and statistically significant improvement in pain VAS, PatGA, and HAQ-DI as early as Week 1 and this benefit was sustained or increased through Week 108. Fatigue scores improved in IXE-treated patients compared to placebo in both studies; results were statistically significant at Week 24 only in SPIRIT-P2. Improvements in fatigue with IXE were sustained over 2 years. The improvements observed in these patient-reported outcomes (PROs) were consistent in biologic-naive or TNFi-experienced patients. CONCLUSIONS: Patients treated with IXE versus PBO achieved significantly greater improvements and showed faster onset of improvements in patient-reported outcomes measuring symptoms and impact of PsA. Responses were sustained over 2 years and were generally consistent regardless of prior TNFi experience.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32591790

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess secular trends in baseline characteristics of PsA patients initiating their first or subsequent biologic DMARD (bDMARD) therapy and to explore prescription patterns and treatment rates of bDMARDs from 2006 to 2017 in the Nordic countries. METHODS: PsA patients registered in the Nordic rheumatology registries initiating any treatment with bDMARDs were identified. The bDMARDs were grouped as original TNF inhibitor [TNFi; adalimumab (ADA), etanercept (ETN) and infliximab (IFX)]; certolizumab pegol (CZP) and golimumab (GOL); biosimilars and ustekinumab, based on the date of release. Baseline characteristics were compared for the five countries, supplemented by secular trends with R2 calculations and point prevalence of bDMARD treatment. RESULTS: A total of 18 089 patients were identified (Denmark, 4361; Iceland, 449; Norway, 1948; Finland, 1069; Sweden, 10 262). A total of 54% of the patients were female, 34.3% of patients initiated an original TNFi, 8% CZP and GOL, 7.5% biosimilars and 0.3% ustekinumab as a first-line bDMARD. Subsequent bDMARDs were 25.2% original TNFi, 9% CZP and GOL, 12% biosimilars and 2.1% ustekinumab. From 2015 through 2017 there was a rapid uptake of biosimilars. The total of first-line bDMARD initiators with lower disease activity increased from 2006 to 2017, where an R2 close to 1 showed a strong association. CONCLUSION: Across the Nordic countries, the number of prescribed bDMARDs increased from 2006 to 2017, indicating a previously unmet need for bDMARDs in the PsA population. In recent years, PsA patients have initiated bDMARDs with lower disease activity compared with previous years, suggesting that bDMARDs are initiated in patients with a less active inflammatory phenotype.

19.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 79(6): 700-712, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32434812

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To update the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) recommendations for the pharmacological treatment of psoriatic arthritis (PsA). METHODS: According to the EULAR standardised operating procedures, a systematic literature review was followed by a consensus meeting to develop this update involving 28 international taskforce members in May 2019. Levels of evidence and strengths of recommendations were determined. RESULTS: The updated recommendations comprise 6 overarching principles and 12 recommendations. The overarching principles address the nature of PsA and diversity of both musculoskeletal and non-musculoskeletal manifestations; the need for collaborative management and shared decision-making is highlighted. The recommendations provide a treatment strategy for pharmacological therapies. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and local glucocorticoid injections are proposed as initial therapy; for patients with arthritis and poor prognostic factors, such as polyarthritis or monoarthritis/oligoarthritis accompanied by factors such as dactylitis or joint damage, rapid initiation of conventional synthetic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs is recommended. If the treatment target is not achieved with this strategy, a biological disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (bDMARDs) targeting tumour necrosis factor (TNF), interleukin (IL)-17A or IL-12/23 should be initiated, taking into account skin involvement if relevant. If axial disease predominates, a TNF inhibitor or IL-17A inhibitor should be started as first-line disease-modifying antirheumatic drug. Use of Janus kinase inhibitors is addressed primarily after bDMARD failure. Phosphodiesterase-4 inhibition is proposed for patients in whom these other drugs are inappropriate, generally in the context of mild disease. Drug switches and tapering in sustained remission are addressed. CONCLUSION: These recommendations provide stakeholders with an updated consensus on the pharmacological management of PsA, based on a combination of evidence and expert opinion.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Artrite Psoriásica/tratamento farmacológico , Produtos Biológicos/uso terapêutico , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Sociedades Médicas , Consenso , Conferências de Consenso como Assunto , Tomada de Decisão Compartilhada , Europa (Continente) , Humanos , Interleucina-12/antagonistas & inibidores , Interleucina-17/antagonistas & inibidores , Interleucina-23/antagonistas & inibidores , Inibidores de Janus Quinases/uso terapêutico , Inibidores da Fosfodiesterase 4/uso terapêutico , Medicamentos Sintéticos/uso terapêutico , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/antagonistas & inibidores
20.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 59(11): 3458-3467, 2020 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32375173

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: In RA, Patient Acceptable Symptom State assesses disease from the patient's perspective, which does not correspond either to disease remission or to full control of disease impact. This study aims to explore the properties of a novel multilevel Patient Experienced Symptom State (PESS). METHODS: This was a cross-sectional analysis of two datasets of patients with RA. PESS was assessed through the question: 'Consider how your RA has affected you. If you remain in the coming months as you have been the last week, how would you rate your condition?', with five levels (from 'very bad' to 'very good'). Construct validity of PESS was assessed against validated disease activity [DAS28, Simplified Disease Activity Index (SDAI) and Clinical Disease Activity Index (CDAI)] and impact measures [RA Impact of Disease (RAID) and modified HAQ]. Multiple pairwise comparisons between groups and receiver-operating characteristic curves with Youden Index were performed. RESULTS: A total of 1407 patients [74% female, mean (S.d.) age 53.5 (13.4) years, mean disease duration 14.3 (12.0) years and mean DAS28 3.0 (1.5)] were analysed. Overall, 16.3% considered themselves as being in 'very good', 21.6% in 'good' and 31.9% in 'acceptable' state. Disease activity and impact measures differed significantly across the five levels (P < 0.01). Cut-off values corresponding to 'good' and 'very good' PESS states were in the range of low disease activity/remission (for 'good' and 'very good': DAS28-ESR-4v ≤2.6/≤2.3; CDAI ≤5.0/≤3.1; SDAI ≤5.1/≤3.8, respectively) and very low disease impact (RAID domains all ≤1). CONCLUSION: PESS 'very good' status corresponds to currently recommended targets for RA management and reflects full control of disease impact. PESS appears to be an easy-to-use and relevant measure in the evaluation of patients with RA.

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