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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(25): e26387, 2021 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34160417

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Group B Streptococcus (GBS) remains a principal pathogen causing neonatal sepsis and meningitis, particularly in premature infants with relatively insufficient immunity. Recurrence may occur uncommonly, largely associated with subclinical mucosal persistence or repetitive exposure to exogenous sources. White matter injury (WMI) including cystic periventricular leukomalacia (PVL) has been associated with intrauterine infection/inflammation, and neonatal infection as a more significant predictor including postnatal sepsis and recurrent infection, even without microbial neuroinvasion. Furthermore, clinical and experimental evidence of WMI by some bacteria other than GBS without central nervous system invasion has been reported. However, there is little evidence of WMI associated with neonatal GBS sepsis in the absence of meningitis in the literature. PATIENT CONCERNS: A newborn at 30+4 weeks' gestation with low birthweight presented with 2 episodes (with a 13-day interval with no antibiotic therapy) of neonatal sepsis culture-proven for GBS with early-onset presentation after clinical chorioamnionitis via vertical GBS transmission and the associated conditions including prematurity-related neonatal immunodeficiency and persistent mucosal GBS carriage after the first antibiotic treatment. The perinatal GBS infection was complicated by progressive WMI presenting with ventriculomegaly and cystic PVL without a definite evidence of meningitis, intraventricular hemorrhage, and documented cerebral hypoxia or hypoperfusion conditions including septic shock. DIAGNOSES: Recurrent group B streptococcal sepsis and cystic PVL with ventriculomegaly. INTERVENTIONS: Two episodes of GBS sepsis were treated with 15-day parenteral antibiotic therapy, respectively. OUTCOMES: Resolution of the recurrent GBS sepsis without further relapses, however, complicated by WMI and subsequent about 6 months delay in motor development at 12 months' corrected age. LESSONS: This case suggests WMI associated with GBS bacteremia without central nervous system entry by viable GBS and also shows that in premature infants, intrauterine GBS infection with no interventions may lead to extensive and persistent GBS colonization, early-onset and recurrent GBS disease, and WMI. Postnatal as well as intrauterine infection/inflammation controls with maternal prophylaxis may be pivotal for prevention and limiting the magnitude of neurologic injury.


Assuntos
Leucomalácia Periventricular/microbiologia , Sepse Neonatal/microbiologia , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/microbiologia , Infecções Estreptocócicas/complicações , Streptococcus agalactiae/isolamento & purificação , Administração Intravenosa , Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem , Corioamnionite/diagnóstico , Corioamnionite/microbiologia , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/diagnóstico , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/microbiologia , Quimioterapia Combinada/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Hidrocefalia/diagnóstico , Hidrocefalia/microbiologia , Lactente , Recém-Nascido de Baixo Peso , Recém-Nascido , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Transmissão Vertical de Doenças Infecciosas , Leucomalácia Periventricular/diagnóstico , Leucomalácia Periventricular/patologia , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Idade Materna , Sepse Neonatal/diagnóstico , Sepse Neonatal/terapia , Gravidez , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/diagnóstico , Recidiva , Infecções Estreptocócicas/diagnóstico , Infecções Estreptocócicas/microbiologia , Infecções Estreptocócicas/transmissão , Substância Branca/diagnóstico por imagem , Substância Branca/microbiologia , Substância Branca/patologia , Adulto Jovem
2.
BMC Pediatr ; 21(1): 49, 2021 01 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33485314

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Peripheral blood eosinophilia is identified in numerous medical conditions associated with allergic, infectious, and inflammatory processes mostly as reactive eosinophilia with or without tissue eosinophilia. In hospitalized neonates, eosinophilia is common with an inverse relationship with gestational age and occurs solely as mild eosinophilia in the majority of cases. In the literature, eosinophilia has been proposed as a possible risk factor for venous thromboembolism. However, few reports are found on thromboembolic events including portal vein thrombosis (PVT) associated with eosinophilia in the newborn period. Neonates, particularly preterm infants, are vulnerable to thrombosis due to the immature and developing hemostatic system with little reserve capacity, which occurs as catheter-related thrombosis in most cases. CASE PRESENTATION: A male newborn at 34+ 5 weeks' gestation presented with a left portal venous thrombus and hematochezia after initial cow's milk feeding in the setting of blood hypereosinophilia for a prolonged period of time without central venous catheterization. The infant was diagnosed with PVT and food protein-induced allergic proctocolitis (FPIAP) and showed complete resolution of the conditions with expectant management with food avoidance, including the normalized eosinophil count. CONCLUSIONS: Our experience suggests that in the setting of hypereosinophilia with a prolonged duration in premature neonates, FPIAP should be suspected in case of hematochezia in otherwise healthy infants, and considering the increased thrombotic risk by the hypereosinophilia and premature newborn status, evaluation for neonatal thrombosis may be needed, including PVT with the potential risk for the more serious, but uncommon, late complications encompassing portal hypertension.


Assuntos
Eosinofilia , Proctocolite , Trombose , Animais , Bovinos , Eosinofilia/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Masculino , Veia Porta/diagnóstico por imagem , Proctocolite/complicações , Proctocolite/diagnóstico
3.
Korean J Pediatr ; 59(12): 471-476, 2016 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28194212

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Chest radiography is often performed on patients hospitalized with typical clinical manifestations of bronchiolitis. We aimed to determine the proportion of subjects with pathologic chest radiographic findings and the clinical predictors associated with pathologic chest radiographic findings in young children admitted with the typical presentation of bronchiolitis. METHODS: We obtained the following data at admission: sex, age, neonatal history, past history of hospitalization for respiratory illnesses, heart rate, respiratory rate, the presence of fever, total duration of fever, oxygen saturation, laboratory parameters (i.e., complete blood cell count, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein [hs-CRP], etc.), and chest radiography. RESULTS: The study comprised 279 young children. Of these, 26 had a chest radiograph revealing opacity (n=24) or atelectasis (n=2). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that after adjustment for confounding factors, the clinical predictors associated with pathologic chest radiographic findings in young children admitted with bronchiolitis were elevated hs-CRP level (>0.3 mg/dL) and past history of hospitalization for respiratory illnesses (all P<0.05). CONCLUSION: The current study suggests that chest radiographs in young children with typical clinical manifestations of bronchiolitis have limited value. Nonetheless, young children with clinical factors such as high hs-CRP levels at admission or past history of hospitalization for respiratory illnesses may be more likely to have pathologic chest radiographic findings.

6.
World J Gastroenterol ; 13(20): 2892-4, 2007 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17569131

RESUMO

Adenomyoma is a term generally applied to nodular lesions showing proliferation of both epithelial and smooth muscle components. Despite its benign nature, ampullary adenomyoma is usually presented as biliary obstruction. Most cases are misdiagnosed as carcinoma or adenoma by preoperative endoscopic or radiologic procedure. Therefore, it is frequently treated with extensive surgery. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case in English literature of adenomyoma located in the peripancreatic orifice resulting in intermittent pancreatic duct obstruction and recurrent pancreatitis diagnosed by the endoscopic piecemeal resection.


Assuntos
Adenomioma/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Ducto Colédoco/diagnóstico , Pancreatite/diagnóstico , Doença Aguda , Adenomioma/complicações , Adenomioma/patologia , Idoso , Ampola Hepatopancreática/patologia , Neoplasias do Ducto Colédoco/complicações , Neoplasias do Ducto Colédoco/patologia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Pancreatite/etiologia , Pancreatite/patologia , Recidiva
7.
Pediatr Radiol ; 35(11): 1056-61, 2005 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16078076

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is the most common gastrointestinal emergency in neonatal intensive care units. Ultrasonographic findings in early-stage NEC have not been described. OBJECTIVE: To assess the diagnostic value of ultrasonography for the diagnosis and monitoring of patients with NEC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We evaluated the sonographic findings of early stages of NEC in 40 neonates who were clinically diagnosed with NEC when they were 2-28 days old. Their average gestational age was 32 weeks, and their mean weight was 1,850 g. All of the patients showed signs of bowel distention on abdominal radiography, with no evidence of pneumatosis intestinalis. We performed bowel sonography in all patients (n = 40), as well as in ten healthy neonates who served as a control group. The studies were conducted with a 10-MHz linear transducer from February 2003 to January 2004. We evaluated the echogenicity of the bowel wall, involved region, ascites, and portal venous gas at both initial and follow-up examinations. We divided the patients into two groups according to the bowel wall echogenicity pattern, group I with echogenic dots in the bowel wall and group II with dense granular echogenicities in the bowel wall. In order to identify any correlations between the ultrasonography and clinical findings, we evaluated the duration of parenteral feeding (NPO) in each group and compared two groups by means of a statistical analysis (Mann-Whitney test). RESULTS: All of the neonates in the control group (n = 10) presented normal bowel wall echogenicity; the patients with NEC presented echogenic dots in 16 patients (40%) and dense granular echogenicities in 24 patients (60%). Portal venous gas was absent in all patients. On the follow-up examinations, the echogenicity of the bowel wall and ascites decreased in 37 patients (93%). The duration of NPO was 11.1 +/- 6.6 days in group I and 16.5 +/- 7.2 days in group II (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Echogenic dots or dense granular echogenicities in the bowel wall can be seen in patients with early-stage NEC. Bowel sonography can be helpful for the early diagnosis and monitoring of patients with NEC.


Assuntos
Enterocolite Necrosante/classificação , Enterocolite Necrosante/diagnóstico por imagem , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Ultrassonografia
8.
Yonsei Med J ; 46(1): 1-7, 2005 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15744799

RESUMO

Breast edema is defined as a mammographic pattern of skin thickening, increased parenchymal density, and interstitial marking. It can be caused by benign or malignant diseases, as a result of a tumor in the dermal lymphatics of the breast, lymphatic congestion caused by breast, lymphatic drainage obstruction, or by congestive heart failure. Here we describe several conditions, that cause unilateral breast edema with the aim of familiarizing radiologists with these disease entities.


Assuntos
Doenças Mamárias/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Mamárias/etiologia , Edema/diagnóstico por imagem , Edema/etiologia , Mamografia , Feminino , Humanos , Ultrassonografia Mamária
9.
J Ultrasound Med ; 23(4): 483-8, 2004 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15098865

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate fetuses with echogenic foci in the left upper quadrant of the abdomen by sonographic examination. METHODS: Between November 2000 and October 2001, we prospectively assessed fetuses with echogenic foci in the abdominal left upper quadrant on routine prenatal sonography. The location, number, and size of the foci were analyzed, and in utero and postpartum follow-up scans were performed. A pediatrician evaluated the perinatal outcome. RESULTS: Twenty-six fetuses had 35 echogenic foci in the left upper quadrant of the abdomen at gestational ages of 20 to 37 weeks. The locations of the foci along the stomach, spleen, and the left lobe of the liver were found on sonography and measured 2 to 5 mm. Of the 16 fetuses who had follow-up scans in utero, 7 had disappearance of the foci. Postpartum follow-up scans were performed in 12 cases. Among them, 9 neonates had no lesions, and 3 had echogenic foci of a size and appearance similar to those seen prenatally in the left lobe of the liver. Only 1 of 4 patients who had TORCH (toxoplasmosis, other, rubella, cytomegalovirus, and herpes simplex) titers evaluated had elevated immunoglobulin G levels; no patient had any sign of infection after birth. All fetuses had a normal postnatal outcome. CONCLUSIONS: Many echogenic foci in the left upper quadrant of the fetal abdomen will disappear, and the outcome is promising even when the lesion persists after birth.


Assuntos
Abdome/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Fetais/diagnóstico por imagem , Abdome/anormalidades , Calcinose/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Fígado/anormalidades , Fígado/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Prospectivos , Baço/anormalidades , Baço/diagnóstico por imagem , Estômago/anormalidades , Estômago/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal
10.
J Clin Ultrasound ; 32(3): 141-3, 2004.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-14994255

RESUMO

Epidermal inclusion cysts rarely occur in the breast, but when they do, the consequences can be severe. Here, we report the case of a 23-year-old woman who presented with a palpable mass in the right breast. The mass had persisted for 4 years and had been causing pain for 1 month at the time of the patient's presentation. We examined the mass by means of mammography and sonography. Sonographic examination revealed a well-circumscribed solid, avascular mass suggestive of an epidermal inclusion cyst. Excision was performed at the patient's request. Histopathologic examination of the mass after excision confirmed the diagnosis of epidermal inclusion cyst and its localization within the breast parenchyma. To our knowledge, reports on epidermal inclusion cysts within the breast parenchyma are rare.


Assuntos
Doenças Mamárias/diagnóstico por imagem , Cisto Epidérmico/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia Mamária , Adulto , Doenças Mamárias/patologia , Cisto Epidérmico/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Glândulas Mamárias Humanas/patologia , Mamografia
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