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1.
Eur J Intern Med ; 65: 69-77, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31076345

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Little is known about the prevalence and impact of risk of malnutrition on short-term mortality among seniors presenting with acute heart failure (AHF) in emergency setting. The objective was to determine the impact of risk of malnutrition on 30-day mortality risk among older patients who attended in Emergency Departments (EDs) for AHF. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a secondary analysis of the OAK-3 Registry including all consecutive patients ≥65 years attending in 16 Spanish EDs for AHF. Risk of malnutrition was defined by the Mini Nutritional Assessment Short Form (MNA-SF) < 12 points. Unadjusted and adjusted logistic regression models were used to assess the association between risk of malnutrition and 30-day mortality. RESULTS: We included 749 patients (mean age: 85 (SD 6); 55.8% females). Risk of malnutrition was observed in 594 (79.3%) patients. The rate of 30-day mortality was 8.8%. After adjusting for MEESSI-AHF risk score clinical categories (model 1) and after adding all variables showing a significantly different distribution among groups (model 2), the risk of malnutrition was an independent factor associated with 30-day mortality (adjusted OR by model 1 = 3.4; 95%CI 1.2-9.7; p = .020 and adjusted OR by model 2 = 3.1; 95%CI 1.1-9.0; p = .033) compared to normal nutritional status. CONCLUSIONS: The risk of malnutrition assessed by the MNA-SF is associated with 30-day mortality in older patients with AHF who were attended in EDs. Routine screening of risk of malnutrition may help emergency physicians in decision-making and establishing a care plan.

2.
Emergencias (Sant Vicenç dels Horts) ; 30(3): 149-155, jun. 2018. tab, ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-172955

RESUMO

Objetivos. Estudiar el impacto de las variables geriátricas en la mortalidad a 30 días entre los ancianos con insuficiencia cardiaca aguda (ICA). Método. Análisis retrospectivo del registro Older Acute heart failure Key data (OAK) que incluye prospectivamente a pacientes consecutivos 65 años con ICA en 3 servicios de urgencias españoles durante 4 meses (noviembre-diciembre 2011 y enero-febrero 2014). Se realizó una valoración geriátrica adaptada a urgencias durante los días laborales de 8 am a 10 pm. Se recogieron variables demográficas, clínicas, analíticas y geriátricas (comorbilidad, polifarmacia, fragilidad, situación basal funcional, cognitiva y social, despistaje de síndrome confusional, deterioro cognitivo y depresión, y situación nutricional). La variable de resultado fue la mortalidad por cualquier causa a los 30 días. Resultados. Se incluyeron 565 pacientes con edad media 83 años (DE 7,1), 346 mujeres (61,6%). Sesenta y cinco sujetos (11,5%) fallecieron a los 30 días. La presencia de síndrome confusional agudo (OR ajustada = 2,2; IC95% 1,0-4,8; p = 0,04), de enfermedad aguda (OR ajustada = 1,8; IC95% 0,9-3,4; p = 0,05) o pérdida de apetito (OR ajustada = 1,8; IC95% 1-3,4; p = 0,04) en los últimos 3 meses, y de fragilidad (OR ajustada = 2,0; IC95% 1,0-4,1; p = 0,05) o dependencia funcional grave (OR ajustada = 4,4; IC95% 1,9-11,4; p = 0,01) fueron factores independientes asociados con mortalidad a los 30 días. Conclusiones. Existen ciertas variables geriátricas que debieran contemplarse en la estratificación de riesgo a corto plazo de los pacientes ancianos con ICA


Objective. To study the impact of geriatric assessment variables on 30-day mortality among older patients with acute heart failure (AHF). Methods. Retrospective analysis of cases in the OAK Registry (Older Acute Heart Failure Key Data), a prospectively compiled database of consecutive patients aged 65 years or older treated for AHF in 3 Spanish emergency departments over a 4-month period (November-December 2011 and January-February 2014). The patients underwent a geriatric assessment adapted for emergency department use on weekdays between 8 AM and 10 PM. Demographic, clinical, laboratory, and geriatric assessment variables were recorded. The geriatric variables were concurrent diseases; polypharmacy; frailty; functional, social, and cognitive status at baseline; results of screening for confusional state, cognitive impairment, and depression; and nutritional status. The primary outcome was all-cause mortality at 30 days. Results. We included 565 patients with a mean (SD) age of 83 (7.1) years; 346 (61.6%) were women. Sixty-five (11.5%) died within 30 days. Independent factors associated with 30-day mortality were acute confusional state (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 2.2; 95% CI, 1.0–4.8; P=.04), acute illness (aOR, 1.8; 95% CI, 0.9–3.4; P=.05), loss of appetite in the past 3 months (aOR, 1.8; 95% CI, 1.0–3.4; P=.04), frailty (aOR, 2.0, 95% CI, 1.0–4.1; P=.05), and severe disability (aOR, 4.4; 95% CI, 1.9–11.4; P=.01). Conclusions. Certain geriatric variables should be considered when assessing short-term risk in older patients with AHF


Assuntos
Humanos , Idoso , Avaliação Geriátrica/estatística & dados numéricos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Transtornos Cognitivos/epidemiologia , Doença Aguda/epidemiologia , Indicadores de Morbimortalidade , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Delírio/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Idoso Fragilizado/estatística & dados numéricos , Múltiplas Afecções Crônicas/epidemiologia , Polimedicação
3.
Emergencias ; 30(3): 149-155, 2018 06.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29687668

RESUMO

OBJETIVE: To study the impact of geriatric assessment variables on 30-day mortality among older patients with acute heart failure (AHF). METHODS: Retrospective analysis of cases in the OAK Registry (Older Acute Heart Failure Key Data), a prospectively compiled database of consecutive patients aged 65 years or older treated for AHF in 3 Spanish emergency departments over a 4-month period (November-December 2011 and January-February 2014). The patients underwent a geriatric assessment adapted for emergency department use on weekdays between 8 AM and 10 PM. Demographic, clinical, laboratory, and geriatric assessment variables were recorded. The geriatric variables were concurrent diseases; polypharmacy; frailty; functional, social, and cognitive status at baseline; results of screening for confusional state, cognitive impairment, and depression; and nutritional status. The primary outcome was all-cause mortality at 30 days. RESULTS: We included 565 patients with a mean (SD) age of 83 (7.1) years; 346 (61.6%) were women. Sixty-five (11.5%) died within 30 days. Independent factors associated with 30-day mortality were acute confusional state (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 2.2; 95% CI, 1.0­4.8; P=.04), acute illness (aOR, 1.8; 95% CI, 0.9­3.4; P=.05), loss of appetite in the past 3 months (aOR, 1.8; 95% CI, 1.0­3.4; P=.04), frailty (aOR, 2.0, 95% CI, 1.0­4.1; P=.05), and severe disability (aOR, 4.4; 95% CI, 1.9­11.4; P=.01). CONCLUSIONS: Certain geriatric variables should be considered when assessing short-term risk in older patients with AHF.


Assuntos
Avaliação Geriátrica , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Atividades Cotidianas , Doença Aguda , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Feminino , Idoso Fragilizado , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Humanos , Masculino , Estado Nutricional , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
4.
Am J Cardiol ; 120(7): 1151-1157, 2017 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28826899

RESUMO

The objectives were to determine the impact of frailty and disability on 30-day mortality and whether the addition of these variables to HFRSS EFFECT risk score (FBI-EFFECT model) improves the short-term mortality predictive capacity of both HFRSS EFFECT and BI-EFFECT models in older patients with acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) atended in the emergency department. We performed a retrospective analysis of OAK Registry including all consecutive patients ≥65 years old with ADHF attended in 3 Spanish emergency departments over 4 months. FBI-EFFECT model was developed by adjusting probabilities of HFRSS EFFECT risk categories according to the 6 groups (G1: non frail, no or mildly dependent; G2: frail, no or mildly dependent; G3: non frail, moderately dependent; G4: frail, moderately dependent; G5: severely dependent; G6: very severely dependent).We included 596 patients (mean age: 83 [SD7]; 61.2% females). The 30-day mortality was 11.6% with statistically significant differences in the 6 groups (p < 0.001). After adjusting for HFRSS EFFECT risk categories, we observed a progressive increase in hazard ratios from groups G2 to G6 compared with G1 (reference). FBI-EFFECT had a better prognostic accuracy than did HFRSS EFFECT (log-rank p < 0.001; Net Reclassification Improvement [NRI] = 0.355; p < 0.001; Integrated Discrimination Improvement [IDI] = 0.052; p ;< 0.001) and BI-EFFECT (log-rank p = 0.067; NRI = 0.210; p = 0.033; IDI = 0.017; p = 0.026). In conclusion, severe disability and frailty in patients with moderate disability are associated with 30-day mortality in ADHF, providing additional value to HFRSS EFFECT model in predicting short-term prognosis and establishing a care plan.


Assuntos
Pessoas com Deficiência/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso Fragilizado/estatística & dados numéricos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Sistema de Registros , Medição de Risco , Doença Aguda , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Avaliação da Deficiência , Feminino , Seguimentos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/reabilitação , Humanos , Masculino , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Espanha/epidemiologia , Fatores de Tempo
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