Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 17 de 17
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Intervalo de ano de publicação
4.
Acta Paediatr ; 2019 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31799756

RESUMO

AIM: To assess, at national level, the implementation of eight principles for infant- and family-centred developmental care (IFCDC) in neonatal units. A European expert group established eight 'Principles of care' in 2018 that define neurodevelopmental and family-centred care. METHODS: The implementation of each principle was assessed by a survey sent to level-III Spanish units. A principle was considered to be implemented if all answers to the principle-associated questions were positive. RESULTS: The response rate was 84.5% (65/77). No unit had implemented eight principles. Principle 1 (free parental access) was implemented in 21.5% of the centres; Principle 2 (psychological support) 40%; Principle 3 (pain management) 7.7%; Principle 4 (environmental influences) 29%; Principle 5 (postural support) 84.6%; Principle 6 (kangaroo-care) 67.7%; Principle 7 (breastfeeding) 23% and Principle 8 (sleep protection) in 46%. In units attending ≥50 very low birth weight (VLBW) infants, four or more principles had been implemented in 31% vs 13% <50 VLBW neonates (odds ratio 3.0 CI 95% 0.9-10.1, P .07). CONCLUSION: The principle with the highest implementation was related to newborn body positioning. Pain management was the principle with lowest implementation. More principles for IFCDC tend to be implemented in units providing care for a higher number of VLBW infants.

8.
Trials ; 20(1): 179, 2019 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30894206

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Early mother-child skin-to-skin contact (SSC) in the first 2 h postpartum is highly beneficial for both mother and child. However, cases have been reported of newborns who have experienced apparently life-threatening events (ALTEs) or sudden death during this procedure. The causes of these events are unknown. Newborn's prone position could influence the onset of these events but there is very little evidence to support any recommendation. We hypothesize that newborns' breathing obstruction episodes increase as mothers lie more horizontally. The main objective of this study is to compare the occurrence of desaturation and bradycardia episodes as a function of mother's bed incline. The study is designed as a randomized, controlled, assessor blind, multicenter, superiority trial with two parallel groups and 1:1 allocation ratio. METHODS: The study participants will be full-term healthy mother-newborn dyads from ten hospitals in Spain. Participants will be randomly assigned to one of two study arms defined by mother's bed inclination (45° or 15°). The planned sample size is 5866. Centralized permuted blocks randomization and assessor blinding will be implemented. The newborns will be monitored remotely with pulse oximetry, from 10 min to 2 h after delivery. We established SO2 and heart rate (HR) limit alarms, as well as an action protocol in the event of alarm activation. The primary outcome is the number of healthy newborns who undergo episodes of SO2 ≤ 90%. Secondary outcomes are the mean SO2 level, the number of newborns who experience episodes of SO2 ≤ 85%, the time to SSC discontinuation due to abnormal SO2 or HR, and episodes of HR < 111 beats per minute (bpm) or > 180 bpm. Subgroups and pooled analysis will be performed to identify if breast-feeding and mother and child positions favor the occurrence of desaturation or bradycardia episodes. DISCUSSION: A simple intervention such as modifying mother's bed angle of inclination while in SSC with her child during the first 2 h postpartum could favor newborn's hemodynamic and respiratory stabilization and thus contribute to reducing the onset of ALTEs. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02585492 . Registered on 22nd October 2015. PROTOCOL VERSION: 2 (30th June 2015).


Assuntos
Relações Mãe-Filho , Oxigênio/metabolismo , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Leitos , Interpretação Estatística de Dados , Feminino , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Projetos de Pesquisa
9.
Span J Psychol ; 21: E20, 2018 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29880070

RESUMO

The aim of this study is to provide an overview of the development of premature children, including attachment, child psychological adjustment and parental variables. 130 children < 1,500 g or < 32 weeks at birth from two public hospitals, assessed at two years corrected age, together with their parents. Parental socio-demographic data was collected. Infant development, attachment and child psychological adjustment were evaluated, as was parental stress. The percentage of preterm children with developmental delays ranged from 5% to 21%. Girls tend to show higher levels of development than boys with effect sizes ranging from small, η2p = .02, to medium, η2p = .07. Secure attachment was the most frequent pattern in the sample. No significant differences, p < .05, between preterm children and the normative population were found on children´s behavioral problems and maternal stress levels. Despite the fact prematurity is considered to be a risk factor for a child´s development, a significant proportion of these children do not show problems in terms of developmental levels, attachment pattern and maternal stress. However, socio-emotional and affective domains, as well as psychological support programs for parenthood, should be followed up from a multidisciplinary perspective.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica/fisiologia , Desenvolvimento Infantil/fisiologia , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/fisiopatologia , Recém-Nascido Prematuro/psicologia , Mães/psicologia , Apego ao Objeto , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Espanha
10.
Span. j. psychol ; 21: e20.1-e20.12, 2018. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-189103

RESUMO

The aim of this study is to provide an overview of the development of premature children, including attachment, child psychological adjustment and parental variables. 130 children < 1,500 g or < 32 weeks at birth from two public hospitals, assessed at two years corrected age, together with their parents. Parental socio-demographic data was collected. Infant development, attachment and child psychological adjustment were evaluated, as was parental stress. The percentage of preterm children with developmental delays ranged from 5% to 21%. Girls tend to show higher levels of development than boys with effect sizes ranging from small, η2p = .02, to medium, η2p = .07. Secure attachment was the most frequent pattern in the sample. No significant differences, p < .05, between preterm children and the normative population were found on children's behavioral problems and maternal stress levels. Despite the fact prematurity is considered to be a risk factor for a child's development, a significant proportion of these children do not show problems in terms of developmental levels, attachment pattern and maternal stress. However, socio-emotional and affective domains, as well as psychological support programs for parenthood, should be followed up from a multidisciplinary perspective


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Adaptação Psicológica/fisiologia , Desenvolvimento Infantil/fisiologia , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/fisiopatologia , Recém-Nascido Prematuro/psicologia , Mães/psicologia , Apego ao Objeto , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Espanha
11.
Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed ; 102(4): F364-F368, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28420745

RESUMO

Despite the recent improvements in perinatal medical care leading to an increase in survival rates, adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes occur more frequently in preterm and/or high-risk infants. Medical risk factors for neurodevelopmental delays like male gender or intrauterine growth restriction and family sociocultural characteristics have been identified. Significant data have provided evidence of the detrimental impact of overhelming environmental sensory inputs, such as pain and stress, on the developing human brain and strategies aimed at preventing this impact. These strategies, such as free parental access or sleep protection, could be considered 'principles of care'. Implementation of these principles do not require additional research due to the body of evidence. We review the scientific evidence for these principles here.


Assuntos
Desenvolvimento Infantil/fisiologia , Cuidado do Lactente/métodos , Doenças do Recém-Nascido/terapia , Terapia Intensiva Neonatal/métodos , Relações Pais-Filho , Assistência Centrada no Paciente/métodos , Enfermagem Familiar/organização & administração , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Masculino
12.
Acta Paediatr ; 106(5): 768-772, 2017 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28207960

RESUMO

AIM: This study analysed the changes in growth velocity (GV) of preterm infants weighing <1500 g based on different nutritional practices over a 24-year period. METHODS: A retrospective study with prospectively collected data was performed in a level three Spanish neonatal intensive care unit. Data on birthweight, gestational age (GA) and GV were collected from 1990 to 2013 and breastfeeding data were gathered from 2000. A generalised linear model corrected by GA and small for gestational age was applied. Multiple mean comparisons between the levels of the variables of interest were performed using the Tukey test. RESULTS: We included 1651 children in the study. The average GA in 1990-1991 was 30.48 ± 2.89 and the average GA in 2012-2013 was 28.79 ± 2.58 (p < 0.01). Significant differences were found when we compared the adjusted GV between the first and last study periods. The most important differences appeared between 1990 and 2013, when the GV increased by 3.27 ± 0.5 g/kg/day (p < 0.01). The breastfeeding rate in 2000-2001 was 47.95% and in 2012-2013 it was 73.58% (p = 0.0002). CONCLUSION: Introducing nutritional practices such as the increased use of breastmilk and the breastfeeding rate improved GV over the study period.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno/estatística & dados numéricos , Métodos de Alimentação , Recém-Nascido Prematuro/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Desenvolvimento Infantil , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Estudos Retrospectivos
13.
Early Hum Dev ; 104: 1-6, 2017 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27914273

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prematurity carries a high risk of mortality and sequelae, altering the bonding process and leading to repercussions in terms of attachment. OBJECTIVE: To assess the type of attachment in children under 32weeks' gestational age (GA) or below 1500g, in hospitals where development-centred care has been implemented and to study the association between various types of attachment and certain neonatal and family characteristics. METHOD: Children <1500g or <32weeks GA who were born or admitted before 48h of life to one of two hospitals in Madrid between January and December 2012 were candidates for the study. The type of attachment was assessed through the strange situation procedure (SSP). Attachment was classified according to three types: secure (B), avoidant (A), or resistant/ambivalent (C). Insecure attachment was considered to be A+C. Children were assessed at a corrected age of 2years using the Bayley III Scales and SSP. Data on the characteristics of the parents and children were collected. RESULTS: A total of 59% (117/199) of the children <1500g or <32weeks GA born in 2012 in the two study hospitals were able to be evaluated. Secure attachment was found in 64% (75/117), avoidant attachment in 12.8% (15/117), and resistant/ambivalent in 23.1% (27/117). The children with secure attachment had a score of 107.6±16 in the cognitive area of the Bayley's Scale versus 98.8±18.8 in those with insecure attachment (p 0.007). Frequency of secure attachment at ≤26weeks GA was 23% (3/13) versus 69% (72/104) in children >26weeks GA (p 0.003). CONCLUSIONS: Nearly two-thirds of the children studied presented secure attachment, which was associated with better cognitive development. The frequency of secure attachment is lower in the children born more preterm.


Assuntos
Recém-Nascido Prematuro/psicologia , Recém-Nascido de muito Baixo Peso/psicologia , Apego ao Objeto , Desenvolvimento Infantil , Cognição , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Recém-Nascido Prematuro/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Recém-Nascido de muito Baixo Peso/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Masculino
14.
An. pediatr. (2003. Ed. impr.) ; 85(1): 26-33, jul. 2016. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-154196

RESUMO

Introducción: Actualmente no existe una política unificada de cómo promocionar la lactancia materna en la unidad neonatal ni sobre la práctica de nutrición enteral con leche materna (LM) en los prematuros. Nuestro objetivo fue describir las medidas de apoyo a la lactancia y la utilización de LM en grandes prematuros de los hospitales públicos españoles. Método: Se distribuyó un cuestionario sobre prácticas de alimentación enteral. Se analizaron los datos de las unidades que atendían a menores de 32 semanas o 1.500g. Se realizó un análisis univariante comparando las unidades de nivel II y III. Resultados: La tasa de respuesta fue del 91%. Un total de 93 unidades atienden a menores de 32 semanas o de 1.500 g (17 de nivel II y 76 de nivel III). El 49% registra la tasa de lactancia al alta. En el 75% (70/93) existe una guía de manejo de LM (nivel III 81 vs. nivel II 47%; p=0,002). El 25% dispone de leche donada. El 46% inicia alimentación trófica en las primeras 6 h. En el 89% el volumen máximo de LM administrado es ≥180ml/kg/día (nivel III 93 vs. nivel II70%; p=0,017). Se fortifica en el 96% de las unidades y el 92% la inicia a partir de un volumen determinado de leche. Para modificar la cantidad de fortificante, el 59% utiliza la curva de peso y el 36% criterios analíticos. El 9% emplea fortificante proteico puro. Conclusiones: Existe una gran variabilidad en las medidas de apoyo a la lactancia y en las prácticas de alimentación enteral de los grandes prematuros en las unidades españolas (AU)


Introduction: There is currently no unified policy on either breastfeeding support or enteral nutrition practices, as regards human milk (HM) in pre-term newborns. The aim of this study was to describe breastfeeding support measures, as well as the use of HM in very preterm infants in Spanish public hospitals. Method: A questionnaire on enteral feeding practices was distributed. Data were analysed from units caring for newborns less than 32 weeks or 1,500g. A univariate analysis was performed comparing level II and III care units. Results: There was a 91% response rate. A total of 93 units cared for infants less than 32 weeks or 1,500g (17 level II and 76 level III), and 49% of the units recorded the breastfeeding rate on discharge. Around 75% (70/93) had a guideline on managing HM (level III 81 vs. level II 47%,P=.002), and 25% had access to donor human milk. Just under half (46%) started trophic feeding in the first 6h. Target enteral feeding volume in stable preterm infants was ≥ 180ml/kg/day in 89% of the units (level III 93% vs. level II 70%, P =.017). HM fortifier was used in 96% of the units. In 92%, it was added when the required enteral volume was tolerated. In 59% of the units, adjustments in the quantity of fortifier were made according to weight, and in 36%, it depended on analytical criteria. Some units (9%) used pure protein fortifier. Conclusions: There is a marked variability in breastfeeding support measures and in feeding practices of preterm infants in Spanish neonatal units (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Aleitamento Materno/métodos , Nutrição Enteral , Lactente Extremamente Prematuro , Recém-Nascido Prematuro/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Recém-Nascido de Peso Extremamente Baixo ao Nascer/crescimento & desenvolvimento
15.
An Pediatr (Barc) ; 85(1): 26-33, 2016 Jul.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26458522

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: There is currently no unified policy on either breastfeeding support or enteral nutrition practices, as regards human milk (HM) in pre-term newborns. The aim of this study was to describe breastfeeding support measures, as well as the use of HM in very preterm infants in Spanish public hospitals. METHOD: A questionnaire on enteral feeding practices was distributed. Data were analysed from units caring for newborns less than 32 weeks or 1,500g. A univariate analysis was performed comparing level ii and iii care units. RESULTS: There was a 91% response rate. A total of 93 units cared for infants less than 32 weeks or 1,500g (17 level ii and 76 level iii), and 49% of the units recorded the breastfeeding rate on discharge. Around 75% (70/93) had a guideline on managing HM (level iii 81 vs. level ii 47%, P=.002), and 25% had access to donor human milk. Just under half (46%) started trophic feeding in the first 6h. Target enteral feeding volume in stable preterm infants was ≥ 180ml/kg/day in 89% of the units (level iii 93% vs. level ii 70%, P =.017). HM fortifier was used in 96% of the units. In 92%, it was added when the required enteral volume was tolerated. In 59% of the units, adjustments in the quantity of fortifier were made according to weight, and in 36%, it depended on analytical criteria. Some units (9%) used pure protein fortifier. CONCLUSIONS: There is a marked variability in breastfeeding support measures and in feeding practices of preterm infants in Spanish neonatal units.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Nutrição Enteral , Comportamento Alimentar , Leite Humano , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Padrões de Prática Médica , Espanha , Inquéritos e Questionários
16.
Early Hum Dev ; 89(9): 649-53, 2013 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23701747

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The implementation of the Newborn Individualized Developmental Care and Assessment Program (NIDCAP) requires a significant effort from all professionals involved. AIM: To determine the necessary requirements and barriers perceived by health professionals in the implementation of the NIDCAP. STUDY DESIGN: A questionnaire covering requirements and obstacles perceived in the implementation of the NIDCAP was developed and validated in two Spanish level III neonatal intensive care units. The questionnaire was answered by 305 health professionals (response rate of 85%). RESULTS: The requirements identified in the questionnaire were considered by most respondents as necessary to implementing the NIDCAP, especially more time, education, and staff. Nurses, compared to doctors, thought that more staff was necessary (93% vs. 74%; p < .01). The main obstacle identified in the survey was lack of coordination among different professionals (77%), followed by noise level in the unit (35%). Doctors, in comparison to nurses, considered noise level (61% vs. 23%; p < .01) and nursing staff (56% vs. 29%; p = .05) the most relevant obstacles to NIDCAP implementation. The more experienced professionals perceived their own colleagues as an obstacle, particularly among nursing staff. CONCLUSIONS: The implementation of the NIDCAP requires a series of conditions that confirm it is not a trivial process but rather a somewhat laborious one. The lack of coordination among different professionals is often considered the main obstacle.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Terapia Intensiva Neonatal/normas , Corpo Clínico Hospitalar/psicologia , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal/normas , Terapia Intensiva Neonatal/métodos , Espanha , Inquéritos e Questionários
17.
Early Hum Dev ; 89(1): 27-33, 2013 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22854393

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The implementation of the Newborn Individualized Developmental Care and Assessment Program (NIDCAP) requires great effort. Few studies evaluating staff perception of NIDCAP exist, especially in Southern Europe, and these few studies usually have a low representation of the medical staff. AIMS: Exploration of staff perception (neonatologists, nurses and nursing assistants) of NIDCAP during its implementation and their attitude towards it and intention to put it into practice. STUDY DESIGN: This study is a descriptive survey measuring staff perceptions of NIDCAP and its effects on their work in two Spanish neonatal level III intensive care units (NICUs). Validated questionnaires were distributed to neonatologists, nurses and nursing assistants of which 305 were completed (response rate: 85%). RESULT: Virtually all the items which assess the infant's well being and the parents' role received a positive evaluation. However, three items got slightly negative evaluations: NIDCAP was more time consuming and nurses' working conditions and lighting in the unit were less optimal than in earlier practices. The professionals also had a positive attitude and a willingness to use the NIDCAP. Neonatologists perceived NIDCAP more positively than the nursing staff with statistically significant differences. CONCLUSION: The neonatal unit staff in two Spanish NICUs perceived NIDCAP positively. This assessment is more positive for neonatologists than for nurses.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal , Corpo Clínico Hospitalar/psicologia , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Espanha , Inquéritos e Questionários
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA