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1.
Endocrinol. diabetes nutr. (Ed. impr.) ; 67(1): 36-42, ene. 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-186145

RESUMO

Introduction: There is no agreement on the procedures to be used for diagnosis and treatment of gestational thyroid dysfunction. Controversy still exists on the normal range of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) levels and use of gestational hypothyroidism (GH) screening. The aim of this study was to assess diagnosis and treatment of thyroid dysfunction during pregnancy in a group of Spanish hospitals. Study design: This was a retrospective, multicenter study in pregnant females with GH attending Spanish healthcare centers from March 2013 to July 2014. Variables analyzed included diagnosis criteria for GH (availability of universal screening for gestational thyroid disorders and TSH reference values (RVs) by trimester of pregnancy): risk factors for GH, iodine intake from food or supplementation, gestational age (at diagnosis/treatment) and l-thyroxine treatment. Results: Fourteen centers participated in the study. Universal screening was performed in only half of the centers, and only 14% had their own TSH RVs. Overall, 257 pregnant women were enrolled, 53.7% with hypothyroidism (HT) diagnosed before pregnancy (pre-GH) and 46.3% with HT diagnosed during pregnancy (intra-GH). A comparison of intra-GH and pre-GH women showed that intra-GH women made their first visit later (59.7% vs. 75.4% respectively before week 12, p = 0.007) and had more frequently high TSH levels (>2.5 μIU/ml) during the first trimester (94.4% vs. 67.0% respectively, p < 0.001). Conclusions: Our results suggest that GH may be underdiagnosed or inadequately diagnosed in most healthcare centers. These findings suggest the need of improving the current practice in Spain


Introducción: Los procedimientos a seguir para el diagnóstico y tratamiento de la disfunción tiroidea en la gestación no están del todo consensuados. Aún se discute el rango de normalidad de los valores de la hormona estimulante del tiroides (TSH) y el uso de screening para detectar hipotiroidismo gestacional (HG). El objetivo de este estudio es evaluar la forma de diagnóstico y tratamiento de la disfunción tiroidea durante la gestación en un grupo de hospitales de España. Diseño del estudio: Estudio retrospectivo, multicéntrico en mujeres embarazadas con HG atendidas en instituciones sanitarias españolas entre marzo de 2013 y julio de 2014. Las variables analizadas incluyeron criterios diagnósticos de HG (disponibilidad de screening universal para trastornos tiroideos gestacionales y valores de referencia de TSH según el trimestre gestacional); factores de riesgo de HG, ingesta de yodo mediante alimentos o suplementos, edad gestacional (al diagnóstico/tratamiento) y tratamiento con L-tiroxina. Resultados: Participaron un total de 14 centros. Únicamente la mitad de los centros empleaba el screening universal, y solo el 14% tenía valores de referencia de TSH propios. Se incluyeron un total de 257 embarazadas, 53,7% con diagnóstico de hipotiroidismo previo al embarazo (pre-HG) y 46,3% con hipotiroidismo diagnosticado durante el embarazo (intra-HG). Comparando los casos de pre-HG e intra-HG, las mujeres con intra-HG realizaban la primera visita más tarde (antes de la semana 12; 59,7% vs. 75,4% respectivamente, p = 0,007) y tenían más frecuentemente valores elevados de TSH (> 2,5 μUI/ml) durante el primer trimestre (94,4% vs. 67,0% respectivamente, p < 0,001). Conclusiones: Nuestros resultados sugieren que el HG puede estar infradiagnosticado o diagnosticado indebidamente en la mayoría de los centros sanitarios. Estos hallazgos sugieren la necesidad de mejorar la práctica actual en España


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Hipotireoidismo/diagnóstico , Hipotireoidismo/terapia , Complicações na Gravidez/terapia , Fatores de Risco , Hipotireoidismo/complicações , Estudos Retrospectivos , Iodo/uso terapêutico , Suplementos Nutricionais , Idade Gestacional , Tiroxina/uso terapêutico
2.
Endocrinol Diabetes Nutr ; 67(1): 36-42, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31109823

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: There is no agreement on the procedures to be used for diagnosis and treatment of gestational thyroid dysfunction. Controversy still exists on the normal range of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) levels and use of gestational hypothyroidism (GH) screening. The aim of this study was to assess diagnosis and treatment of thyroid dysfunction during pregnancy in a group of Spanish hospitals. STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective, multicenter study in pregnant females with GH attending Spanish healthcare centers from March 2013 to July 2014. Variables analyzed included diagnosis criteria for GH (availability of universal screening for gestational thyroid disorders and TSH reference values (RVs) by trimester of pregnancy): risk factors for GH, iodine intake from food or supplementation, gestational age (at diagnosis/treatment) and l-thyroxine treatment. RESULTS: Fourteen centers participated in the study. Universal screening was performed in only half of the centers, and only 14% had their own TSH RVs. Overall, 257 pregnant women were enrolled, 53.7% with hypothyroidism (HT) diagnosed before pregnancy (pre-GH) and 46.3% with HT diagnosed during pregnancy (intra-GH). A comparison of intra-GH and pre-GH women showed that intra-GH women made their first visit later (59.7% vs. 75.4% respectively before week 12, p=0.007) and had more frequently high TSH levels (>2.5µIU/ml) during the first trimester (94.4% vs. 67.0% respectively, p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that GH may be underdiagnosed or inadequately diagnosed in most healthcare centers. These findings suggest the need of improving the current practice in Spain.

3.
Clin Transplant ; 24(6): E236-40, 2010.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20529096

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe the characteristics of metabolic control and beta-cell function in the long-term follow-up of patients with type-1 diabetes (T1D) who have undergone pancreas and kidney transplantation (PKTx). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twelve patients (eight males/four females) with normal pancreas and kidney graft function for more than 15 yr were included. Patient age at the time of transplantation was 35.8 ± 6.9, with a duration of diabetes of 19.0 ± 4.6 yr and time on dialysis of 18.7 ± 12.4 months. In all the cases, bladder derivation was performed to drain exocrine secretion, with subsequent conversion to the intestinal tract in 42% of the patients. The functional evaluation was made at one, five, 10, and 15 yr after PKTx determining: glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), measuring insulinemia, and anti-GAD antibody. RESULTS: Comparing the results between one and 15 yr after transplantation: (i) no differences were observed in either HbA1c (4.68% vs. 4.76%) or basal glycemia (71 vs. 79 mg/dL), but an increase was seen in the area under the curve (AUC) of glucose (11,983 vs. 15,875 mg/dL/120', p = 0.02); (ii) a trend to a reduction in basal insulinemia (24 vs. 15 mU/L, p = 0.11) and a trend to a reduction in the AUC of insulinemia (8446 vs. 7057 mU/L/120', p = 0.22) were observed. The OGTT was normal in six patients, intolerant in two and diabetic in four patients. No variations were seen in insulin resistance (FIRI, QUICKI). Anti-GAD antibody became positive in one case. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study demonstrate that pancreas transplantation has long-term functional viability, being an essential strategy for the treatment of patients with T1D with end-stage renal failure. Nevertheless, lesser response to OGTT can be expected suggesting certain deterioration in the functional capability of the pancreas graft during follow-up.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/cirurgia , Sistema Endócrino/metabolismo , Falência Renal Crônica/cirurgia , Transplante de Rim , Transplante de Pâncreas , Adulto , Glicemia/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Teste de Tolerância a Glucose , Hemoglobina A Glicada/metabolismo , Humanos , Insulina/metabolismo , Rim/fisiologia , Falência Renal Crônica/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pâncreas/fisiologia , Fatores de Tempo
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