Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 48
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Nutrients ; 11(7)2019 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31315186

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of milk fermented with Lactobacillus fermentum J20 (FMJ20) or J28 (FMJ28) on ameliorating indomethacin-induced inflammation. Twenty-eight male C57Bl/6 mice were divided into four experimental groups: indomethacin, indomethacin + FMJ20, indomethacin + FMJ28, and untreated (control). Groups were fed fermented milk for 15 days, followed by administration of indomethacin supplied in three sub-doses over experimental period. Body weight, and food consumption were recorded. Additionally, spleen, kidney, and liver were weighed, and the small intestine length was measured. The cytokines in serum (IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, IL-17, IL-23 and TNFα) and in intestinal mucosa (IL-17 and IFNγ) were also determined. Compared to the control, all indomethacin-supplemented groups lost weight (~2.7 g; p < 0.05), but no changes were found in the organ-specific morphometry analysis. FMJ28 showed better results in attenuating serum and intestinal IL-17 levels. Furthermore, showed less epithelial cell loss and inflammatory infiltrates than the other indomethacin-treated groups. These results suggest that FMJ28 may be effective in reducing intestinal and systemic acute inflammation, specifically in mice.


Assuntos
Indometacina/toxicidade , Inflamação/induzido quimicamente , Enteropatias/induzido quimicamente , Lactobacillus fermentum/fisiologia , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/toxicidade , Citocinas/genética , Citocinas/metabolismo , Fermentação , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Inflamação/terapia , Enteropatias/terapia , Intestinos/efeitos dos fármacos , Intestinos/patologia , Rim/efeitos dos fármacos , Rim/patologia , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/patologia , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Leite , Tamanho do Órgão , Baço/efeitos dos fármacos , Baço/patologia
2.
Br J Haematol ; 185(3): 480-491, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30793290

RESUMO

The use of immunochemotherapy has improved the outcome of follicular lymphoma (FL). Recently, complete response at 30 months (CR30) has been suggested as a surrogate for progression-free survival. This study aimed to analyse the life expectancy of FL patients according to their status at 30 months from the start of treatment in comparison with the sex and age-matched Spanish general population (relative survival; RS). The training series comprised 263 patients consecutively diagnosed with FL in a 10-year period who needed therapy and were treated with rituximab-containing regimens. An independent cohort of 693 FL patients from the Grupo Español de Linfomas y Trasplante Autólogo de Médula Ósea (GELTAMO) group was used for validation. In the training cohort, 188 patients were in CR30, with a 10-year overall survival (OS) of 53% and 87% for non-CR30 and CR30 patients, respectively. Ten-year RS was 73% and 100%, showing no decrease in life expectancy for CR30 patients. Multivariate analysis indicated that the FL International Prognostic Index was the most important variable predicting OS in the CR30 group. The impact of CR30 status on RS was validated in the independent GELTAMO series. In conclusion, FL patients treated with immunochemotherapy who were in CR at 30 months showed similar survival to a sex- and age-matched Spanish general population.

3.
Sensors (Basel) ; 18(11)2018 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30380793

RESUMO

The Internet of Things (IoT) connects different kinds of devices into a network, and enables two-way communication between devices. A large amount of data are collected by these devices and transmitted in this network, it is necessary to ensure secure communications between these devices, to make it impossible for an adversary to undermine this communication. To ensure secure communication, many authentication protocols have been proposed, in this study, a fully anonymous authentication scheme for the Internet of things scenario has been proposed, it enables the remote client to anonymously connect to the server and being serviced by the server. The proposed scheme has been verified by AVISPA and BAN Logic, and the result shows that it is safe. Besides, the simulation shows that the proposed scheme is more efficient in computation cost and communication cost.

4.
Nutrients ; 10(8)2018 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30096797

RESUMO

Currently, the effect of fermented milk on the T-helper 17 response in inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) is unknown. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of milks fermented with Lactobacillus fermentum on the Th1/Th17 response in a murine model of mild IBD. Exopolysaccharide (EPS), lactic acid (LA), and total protein (TP) contents and bacterial concentration were determined. Male C57Bl/6 mice intragastrically received either raw (FM) or pasteurized (PFM) fermented milk before and during a dextran sulfate infusion protocol. Blood, spleen, and colon samples were collected at Weeks 6 and 10. IL-6, IL-10, and TNFα were determined in serum, and IL-17, IL-23, and IFNγ were determined in intestinal mucosa and serum. The FM groups did not differ in cell concentration, LA, or TP content (p > 0.05); FM-J28 had the highest EPS content. Spleen weight and colon length did not differ among the FM groups (p > 0.05). In the FM-J20 and PFM-J20 groups, IL-17 and IFNγ decreased, and the IL-10 concentration was enhanced (p < 0.05) at Week 6. IL-6, TNFα, IL-23, and IFNγ did not differ in serum and mucosa (p > 0.05), and IL-17 was lowest in FM-J28 and FM-J20. Therefore, FM appears to potentially play a role in decreasing the Th17 response. However, further studies are needed to elucidate the FM-mediated anti-inflammatory mechanisms in IBD.


Assuntos
Produtos Fermentados do Leite/microbiologia , Lactobacillus fermentum/fisiologia , Células Th17/imunologia , Animais , Citocinas/sangue , Citocinas/imunologia , Sulfato de Dextrana , Mediadores da Inflamação/sangue , Mediadores da Inflamação/imunologia , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/sangue , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/imunologia , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/metabolismo , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/microbiologia , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Células Th1/imunologia , Células Th1/metabolismo , Células Th1/microbiologia , Células Th17/metabolismo , Células Th17/microbiologia
5.
J Ocul Pharmacol Ther ; 34(5): 416-425, 2018 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29584529

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To achieve a safer alternative to intravitreal injection of corticosteroids, we developed and characterized triamcinolone acetonide-loaded liposomes formulations (TA-LFs) to be used topically for vitreoretinal drug delivery. METHODS: Four different 0.2% TA-LFs (TA-LF1 to TA-LF4) were generated and submitted to physicochemical characterization. Posteriorly, an ex vivo diffusion assay was performed using rabbit corneas as membranes. Finally, concentrations of triamcinolone acetonide (TA) were determined by high-performance liquid chromatography in ocular tissues from New Zealand white rabbits after multiple topical doses of TA-LF2 (6 times per day, 14 days). In addition, toxicity and tolerability of TA-LF2 was evaluated by cell viability assay and eye examination of study animals, respectively. RESULTS: TA-LF2 was the most stable formulation maintaining a stable hidrogenion potential (pH) at 30 and 40°C and even improving encapsulation with higher temperature. TA-LF2 and TA-LF3 presented the best diffusion performance in vitro reaching the highest TA concentrations after 8 h of follow-up. In vivo diffusion and pharmacokinetics analysis showed that concentrations of TA in retina and vitreous reached the highest peak at 12 h after topical administration of TA-LF2 (252.10 ± 90.00 ng/g and 32.6 ± 10.27 ng/g, respectively) and subsequently decline to 24.0 ± 11.72 ng/g and 19.5 ± 13.14 ng/g, respectively, at 14 days of follow-up. Finally, cell viability was unaffected by TA-LF2, and no increase in intraocular pressure nor ocular alterations were observed after topical administration of this formulation in rabbits. CONCLUSION: TA-loaded liposomes, administered topically, can deliver TA in the vitreous cavity and reach the retina efficiently.


Assuntos
Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Triancinolona Acetonida/farmacocinética , Administração Tópica , Animais , Sobrevivência Celular , Composição de Medicamentos , Humanos , Lipossomos/administração & dosagem , Lipossomos/farmacocinética , Coelhos , Triancinolona Acetonida/administração & dosagem
6.
J Dairy Sci ; 101(5): 3742-3757, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29477517

RESUMO

Traditionally, cheese is manufactured by converting fluid milk to a semisolid mass through the use of a coagulating agent, such as rennet, acid, heat plus acid, or a combination thereof. Cheese can vary widely in its characteristics, including color, aroma, texture, flavor, and firmness, which can generally be attributed to the production technology, source of the milk, moisture content, and length of aging, in addition to the presence of specific molds, yeast, and bacteria. Among the most important bacteria, lactic acid bacteria (LAB) play a critical role during the cheese-making process. In general, LAB contain cell-envelope proteinases that contribute to the proteolysis of cheese proteins, breaking them down into oligopeptides that can be subsequently taken up by cells via specific peptide transport systems or further degraded into shorter peptides and amino acids through the collaborative action of various intracellular peptidases. Such peptides, amino acids, and their derivatives contribute to the development of texture and flavor in the final cheese. In vitro and in vivo assays have demonstrated that specific sequences of released peptides exhibit biological properties including antioxidant, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory, and analgesic/opioid activity, in addition to angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition and antiproliferative activity. Some LAB also produce functional lipids (e.g., conjugated linoleic acid) with anti-inflammatory and anticarcinogenic activity, synthesize vitamins and antimicrobial peptides (bacteriocins), or release γ-aminobutyric acid, a nonprotein amino acid that participates in physiological functions, such as neurotransmission and hypotension induction, with diuretic effects. This review provides an overview of the main bioactive components present or released during the ripening process of different types of cheese.


Assuntos
Queijo/análise , Manipulação de Alimentos , Leite/química , Aminoácidos/análise , Aminoácidos/metabolismo , Animais , Manipulação de Alimentos/métodos , Humanos , Ácidos Linoleicos Conjugados/análise , Ácidos Linoleicos Conjugados/metabolismo , Paladar
7.
Med Chem ; 14(3): 225-229, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28969574

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Seasonal and circadian changes are two factors described to affect blood levels of some biological molecules. The Total Antioxidant Capacity (TAC) is one global measure of the antioxidant capacity of a system. There is no agreement about the existence of day/night changes in TAC levels as well as there is no information about seasonal changes in TAC levels. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this research are studying if there are summer/winter changes in TAC concentrations or if TAC concentrations have day/night changes. METHOD: Ninety-eight healthy subjects took part in the summer study of whom 64 participated in the winter one. Blood was sampled at 09:00, 12:00 and 00:00 h. TAC was measured by the ABTS radical cation technique. Results are expressed in mmol/L of trolox equivalents. RESULTS: The subjects had significantly higher TAC levels in summer than winter at the three-time point studied. Summer 09:00 TAC concentration was significantly higher than the 12:00 and 00:00 h concentrations (1.34±0.26 vs 0.83±0.19, 0.75±0.18). Summer TAC 12:00 h concentrations were significantly higher than the 00:00 h concentrations (0.83±0.19 vs. 0.75±0.18). Winter 09:00 TAC concentrations were significantly higher than the 12:00 and 00:00 h concentrations (1.24±0.16 vs. 0.73±0.10, 0.67±0.13). There were no significant differences between the 12:00 and 00:00 h TAC concentrations. CONCLUSION: Strong methodological biases may be made if the seasonal and circadian changes in serum TAC concentration are not taken into account when researching in this area.


Assuntos
Ritmo Circadiano , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/sangue , Estações do Ano , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
8.
PLoS One ; 12(12): e0189348, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29220388

RESUMO

Free radicals and an oxidant/antioxidant imbalance have been involved in the schizophrenia pathophysiology. The total antioxidant capacity (TAC) is a measure of the antioxidant capacity of a system. Day/night changes are a biological characteristic of hormones such as melatonin or cortisol. There is little information about TAC day/night changes in schizophrenia patients. The aim of this research is to study if there are day/night changes in serum TAC levels of schizophrenia patients. Thirty-two DSM-IV schizophrenia paranoid patients were studied. Blood was sampled at 12:00 and 00:00 h at admission, discharge and three months after hospital discharge (TMAHD). TAC results are expressed as mmol of Trolox/L. Patients did not have day/night TAC differences at admission (12:00: 0.67±0.12 vs. 00:00: 0.61±0.14, p>0.14) or discharge (12:00: 0.65±0.15 vs. 00:00: 0.65±0.12, p>0.99). At TMHD, patients had significantly higher TAC levels at midday than midnight (12:00: 0.83±0.10 vs. 00:00: 0.74±0.12, p<0.006) as it has been reported in healthy subjects. There were no significant TAC differences at 12.00 and 00:00 between admission and discharge. At TMAHD, patients had significantly higher TAC levels than at admission and discharge, both at 12:00 and 00:00 h. In conclusion, the absence of day/night serum TAC changes when clinically relapsed and the normalization of day/night serum TAC changes at TMHD can be considered as a biological marker of schizophrenia evolution.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Esquizofrenia Paranoide/sangue , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Admissão do Paciente
9.
Lancet Haematol ; 4(12): e573-e583, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29153975

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Continuation of empirical antimicrobial therapy (EAT) for febrile neutropenia in patients with haematological malignancies until neutrophil recovery could prolong the therapy unnecessarily. We aimed to establish whether EAT discontinuation driven by a clinical approach regardless of neutrophil recovery would optimise the duration of therapy. METHODS: We did an investigator-driven, superiority, open-label, randomised, controlled phase 4 clinical trial in six academic hospitals in Spain. Eligible patients were adults with haematological malignancies or haemopoietic stem-cell transplantation recipients, with high-risk febrile neutropenia without aetiological diagnosis. An independent, computer-generated randomisation sequence was used to randomly enrol patients (1:1) to the experimental or control group. Investigators were masked to assignment only before randomisation. EAT based on an antipseudomonal ß-lactam drug as monotherapy (ceftazidime or cefepime, meropenem or imipenem, or piperacillin-tazobactam) or as combination therapy (with an aminoglycoside, fluoroquinolone, or glycopeptide) was started according to local protocols and following international guidelines and recommendations. For the experimental group, EAT was withdrawn after 72 h or more of apyrexia plus clinical recovery; for the control group, treatment was withdrawn when the neutrophil count was also 0·5 × 109 cells per L or higher. The primary efficacy endpoint was the number of EAT-free days. Primary analyses were done in the intention-to-treat population. Efficacy and safety analyses were done in the intention-to-treat population and the per-protocol population. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT01581333. FINDINGS: Between April 10, 2012, and May 31, 2016, 157 episodes among 709 patients assessed for eligibility were included in analyses. 78 patients were randomly assigned to the experimental group and 79 to the control group. The mean number of EAT-free days was significantly higher in the experimental group than in the control group (16·1 [SD 6·3] vs 13·6 [7·2], absolute difference -2·4 [95% CI -4·6 to -0·3]; p=0·026). 636 adverse events were reported (341 in the experimental group vs 295 in the control group; p=0·057) and most (580 [91%]; 323 in the experimental group vs 257 in the control group) were considered mild or moderate (grade 1-2). The most common adverse events in the experimental versus the control group were mucositis (28 [36%] of 78 patients vs 20 [25%] of 79 patients), diarrhoea (23 [29%] of 78 vs 24 [30%] of 79), and nausea and vomiting (20 [26%] of 78 vs 22 [28%] of 79). 56 severe adverse events were reported, 18 in the experimental group and 38 in the control group. One patient died in the experimental group (from hepatic veno-occlusive disease after an allogeneic haemopoietic stem-cell transplantation) and three died in the control group (one from multiorgan failure, one from invasive pulmonary aspergillosis, and one from a post-chemotherapy intestinal perforation). INTERPRETATION: In high-risk patients with haematological malignancies and febrile neutropenia, EAT can be discontinued after 72 h of apyrexia and clinical recovery irrespective of their neutrophil count. This clinical approach reduces unnecessary exposure to antimicrobials and it is safe. FUNDING: Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Spanish Ministry of Economy (PI11/02674).


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos/uso terapêutico , Neutropenia Febril/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hematológicas/complicações , Adulto , Anti-Infecciosos/efeitos adversos , Infecções Bacterianas/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções Bacterianas/epidemiologia , Diarreia/etiologia , Quimioterapia Combinada , Neutropenia Febril/complicações , Neutropenia Febril/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Micoses/tratamento farmacológico , Micoses/epidemiologia , Náusea/etiologia , Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Br J Haematol ; 178(5): 699-708, 2017 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28782811

RESUMO

The diagnostic criteria for follicular lymphoma (FL) transformation vary among the largest series, which commonly exclude histologically-documented transformation (HT) mandatorily. The aims of this retrospective observational multicentre study by the Spanish Grupo Español de Linfoma y Transplante Autólogo de Médula Ósea, which recruited 1734 patients (800 males/934 females; median age 59 years), diagnosed with FL grades 1-3A, were, (i) the cumulative incidence of HT (CI-HT); (ii) risk factors associated with HT; and (iii) the role of treatment and response on survival following transformation (SFT). With a median follow-up of 6·2 years, 106 patients developed HT. Ten-year CI-HT was 8%. Considering these 106 patients who developed HT, median time to transformation was 2·5 years. High-risk FL International Prognostic Index [Hazard ratio (HR) 2·6, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1·5-4·5] and non-response to first-line therapy (HR 2·9, 95% CI: 1·3-6·8) were associated with HT. Seventy out of the 106 patients died (5-year SFT, 26%). Response to HT first-line therapy (HR 5·3, 95% CI: 2·4-12·0), autologous stem cell transplantation (HR 3·9, 95% CI: 1·5-10·1), and revised International Prognostic Index (HR 2·2, 95% CI: 1·1-4·2) were significantly associated with SFT. Response to treatment and HT were the variables most significantly associated with survival in the rituximab era. Better therapies are needed to improve response. Inclusion of HT in clinical trials with new agents is mandatory.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Transformação Celular Neoplásica/patologia , Linfoma Folicular/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Folicular/patologia , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Transformação Celular Neoplásica/efeitos dos fármacos , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Linfoma Folicular/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco/métodos , Espanha/epidemiologia , Análise de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
11.
Rev. esp. quimioter ; 30(3): 213-223, jun. 2017. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-163234

RESUMO

Introducción. La enfermedad fúngica invasora (EFI) es una importante causa de morbimortalidad en pacientes hematológicos. La profilaxis antifúngica (PAF) está indicada en muchos episodios de este grupo de pacientes. El objetivo de este trabajo fue alcanzar un consenso sobre el abordaje profiláctico de las EFI en el paciente hematológico con el fin de optimizar su manejo. Métodos. Un comité de expertos en hematología y enfermedades infecciosas planteó un cuestionario de 79 ítems con aspectos controvertidos sobre la profilaxis antifúngica en el paciente hematológico. El cuestionario fue evaluado en dos rondas por un panel de expertos siguiendo una metodología Delphi modificada. Resultados. El cuestionario fue respondido por 44 expertos en hematología y enfermedades infecciosas. Tras dos rondas de evaluación se consensuaron 48 ítems en el acuerdo (60,7%) y 19 en el desacuerdo (24%) por lo que hubo consenso en 67 de los 79 ítems planteados (84,8%). Se consensuaron los perfiles de pacientes candidatos a profilaxis y se dilucidaron cuestiones relacionadas con indicaciones, mecanismos de acción, espectro de actividad, toxicidad e interacciones de los antifúngicos. Se analizó particularmente la utilidad de micafungina como profilaxis de EFI. Se consensuó que micafungina es un antifúngico a considerar en este contexto. Puede presentar ventajas sobre otros antifúngicos por su seguridad y menor potencial de interacciones. Conclusiones. Se encontró un alto nivel de consenso en el manejo de la profilaxis de la EFI en el paciente hematológico. Este consenso ofrece indicaciones prácticas sobre su manejo óptimo y puede ayudar a determinar el perfil de los pacientes idóneos a recibir este tipo de intervención (AU)


Introduction. Invasive fungal disease (IFD) is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in haematological patients. Antifungal prophylaxis (AFP) is indicated for a number of clinical scenarios in this group of patients. The aim of this study was to reach a consensus on IFD prophylaxis in haematological patients in order to optimize their management. Methods. A committee of experts in haematology and infectious diseases compiled a survey of 79 items with controversial aspects about antifungal prophylaxis in haematological patients. The survey was evaluated in two rounds by a panel of experts following a modified Delphi methodology. Results. Forty-four experts in haematology and infectious diseases answered the survey. After two evaluation rounds, consensus was reached in 67 of the 79 items (84.8%), specifically 48 items were consensually agreed on (60.7%) and 19 were disagreed on (24.0%). Consensus was reached on prophylaxis candidates profiles and questions related to indications, mechanisms of action, spectrum of activity, toxicity and interactions of antifungal were elucidated. The usefulness of micafungin in IFD prophylaxis was particularly analysed. The consensus reached was that micafungin is an antifungal to be considered in this context as its safety profile and lower interaction potential may be advantageous. Conclusions. A broad consensus was found in the management of IFD prophylaxis in the haematological patient. This consensus provides practical indications about its optimal management and can help determine the profile of patients eligible for this type of intervention (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Antibioticoprofilaxia/métodos , Antibioticoprofilaxia , Profilaxia Pré-Exposição/métodos , Quimioprevenção/métodos , Neoplasias Hematológicas/tratamento farmacológico , Consenso , Quimioprevenção/instrumentação , Quimioprevenção , Neoplasias Hematológicas/prevenção & controle , Técnica Delfos , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28188811

RESUMO

There are day/night and seasonal changes in biological markers such as melatonin and cortisol. Controversial changes in serum S100B protein levels have been described in schizophrenia. We aim studying whether serum S100B levels present day/night variations in schizophrenia patients and whether S100B levels are related to psychopathology. Sixty-five paranoid schizophrenic inpatients participated in the study. Psychopathology was assessed with the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) at admission and discharge. Blood was drawn at 12:00 (midday) and 00:00 (midnight) hours at admission and discharge. Sixty-five healthy subjects matched by age, gender and season acted as control group. At admission and discharge patients had significantly higher serum S100B concentrations at midday and midnight than healthy subjects. At admission, patients showed a day/night variation of S100B levels, with higher S100B levels at 12:00 than at 00:00h (143.7±26.3pg/ml vs. 96.9±16.6pg/ml). This day/night difference was not present in the control group. Midday and midnight S100B at admission decreased when compared to S100B at discharge (midday, 143.7±26.3 vs. 83.0±12, midnight 96.9±16.6 vs. 68.6±14.5). There was a positive correlation between the PANSS positive subscale and S100B concentrations at admission. This correlation was not present at discharge. CONCLUSIONS: acute paranoid schizophrenia inpatients present a day/night change of S100B serum levels at admission that disappears at discharge. The correlation between serum S100B concentrations and the PANSS positive scores at admission as well as the decrease of S100B at discharge may be interpreted as an acute biological response to the clinical state of the patients.


Assuntos
Ritmo Circadiano/fisiologia , Subunidade beta da Proteína Ligante de Cálcio S100/sangue , Esquizofrenia Paranoide/sangue , Esquizofrenia Paranoide/fisiopatologia , Doença Aguda , Adulto , Análise de Variância , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica
13.
Psychiatry Res ; 249: 200-205, 2017 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28126575

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: An oxidant-antioxidant system dysregulation has been described as a schizophrenia pathophysiological base. The total antioxidant capacity (TAC) is one measure of the antioxidant capacity of a system. Day/night concentration changes is a biological characteristic of hormones such as melatonin or cortisol. There is no information about TAC day/night changes in schizophrenia. AIMS: Studying the existence of a day/night TAC change in schizophrenia. METHOD: Forty-three DSM-IV paranoid schizophrenia inpatients participated in the study. Thirty healthy subjects matched by age and gender acted as control group. Blood was sampled at 12:00 and 00:00h the day after admission and the day before discharge. Serum TAC was measured by the ABTS radical cation technique and expressed in Trolox mmol/L. RESULTS: Patients had significantly lower TAC levels at admission and discharge (12:00 and 00:00) than controls. At admission patients had a TAC day/night change, with higher day-time than night-time levels (0.66±0.14 vs 0.60±0.15) as well as healthy subjects (0.83±0.07 vs 0.77±0.11). At discharge patients had a similar TAC level at 12:00 and 00:00 (0.64±0.15 vs 0.63±0.14). CONCLUSION: Schizophrenic patients present a deficit of the antioxidant system. The initial presence and the later absence of a day/night change deserves future studies.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Estresse Oxidativo/fisiologia , Esquizofrenia Paranoide/diagnóstico , Adulto , Biomarcadores/sangue , Doença Crônica , Manual Diagnóstico e Estatístico de Transtornos Mentais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva , Esquizofrenia Paranoide/sangue
14.
Br J Haematol ; 176(6): 918-928, 2017 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28106247

RESUMO

The study included 1848 diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL)patients treated with chemotherapy/rituximab. The aims were to validate the National Comprehensive Cancer Network International Prognostic Index (NCCN-IPI) and explore the effect of adding high Beta-2 microglobulin (ß2M), primary extranodal presentation and intense treatment to the NCCN-IPI variables in order to develop an improved index. Comparing survival curves, NCCN-IPI discriminated better than IPI, separating four risk groups with 5-year overall survival rates of 93%, 83%, 67% and 49%, but failing to identify a true high-risk population. For the second aim the series was split into training and validation cohorts: in the former the multivariate model identified age, lactate dehydrogenase, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status, Stage III-IV, and ß2M as independently significant, whereas the NCCN-IPI-selected extranodal sites, primary extranodal presentation and intense treatments were not. These results were confirmed in the validation cohort. The Grupo Español de Linfomas/Trasplante de Médula ósea (GELTAMO)-IPI developed here, with 7 points, significantly separated four risk groups (0, 1-3, 4 or ≥5 points) with 11%, 58%, 17% and 14% of patients, and 5-year overall survival rates of 93%, 79%, 66% and 39%, respectively. In the comparison GELTAMO IPI discriminated better than the NCCN-IPI. In conclusion, GELTAMO-IPI is more accurate than the NCCN-IPI and has statistical and practical advantages in that the better discrimination identifies an authentic high-risk group and is not influenced by primary extranodal presentation or treatments of different intensity.


Assuntos
Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/sangue , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/mortalidade , Microglobulina beta-2/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/diagnóstico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Indução de Remissão , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Protein Pept Lett ; 24(2): 137-145, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28017144

RESUMO

In recent years, major developments in the field of inflammatory pathophysiology have clearly shown that arthritis, diabetes, intestinal bowel diseases, and obesity, which affect many people around the world, are essentially inflammatory in nature. Different anti-inflammatory drugs have been used to treat these conditions. Some people are able to take these drugs without difficulty, yet others experience negative side effects. Hence, the search for new, natural anti-inflammatory alternatives has rapidly increased in recent years. Evidence has shown that food protein-derived peptides may be one alternative for treating inflammatory diseases. Peptides are encrypted in food proteins, can be released under hydrolysis conditions, and do not cause adverse effects. Despite limited information on the mechanism of action of peptides, in vitro and animal model studies have demonstrated their potential anti-inflammatory activity. Several in vitro studies have demonstrated that peptides can inhibit different pathways of inflammation processes such as that of the nuclear factor kappalight- chain of activated B cells (NF-κB). They can also induce the production of nitric oxide synthase (iNOs) and c-Jun N-terminal kinases (JNK) as well as influence PepT1 and CaRS, the transporters of peptides to the gastrointestinal tract that are responsible for the absorption of dietary peptides in the intestine. However, contradictory evidence has been reported in clinical assays. Hence, in this review, we present the latest research on the anti-inflammatory activity of food protein-derived peptides and provide future perspectives on the use of peptides as potential natural sources of therapeutic treatments.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Proteínas na Dieta/química , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Peptídeos/farmacologia , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Inflamação/metabolismo , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/efeitos dos fármacos , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Peptídeos/química , Peptídeos/uso terapêutico , Proteólise
16.
Ecancermedicalscience ; 10: 688, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27994644

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Natural killer/T-cell lymphoma (NKTCL), part of T-cell and NK-cell neoplasms in the World Health Organisation (WHO) classification, is an aggressive lymphoma with poor prognosis more predominantly seen in Asian and South American countries. This study evaluates the factors associated with survival among patients with newly diagnosed NKTCL in Peru. METHODS: Information was abstracted from medical records (MR) for all NKTCL patients >13 years of age at the Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Neoplasicas (INEN) between 2002 and 2011. The estimate of the survival curves was performed by the Kaplan-Meier method, and the difference was computed by the log-rank test. RESULTS: Around 226 MR were reviewed, 153 met the selection criteria, the median age was 40 years (14-84). The median progression-free survival (PFS) was 20 months, five year PFS was 42.6%, univariable analysis (UA) showed statistical significance (p < 0.05) for male sex, non-nasal primary site, advanced clinical stages, B symptoms, poor performance status, regional nodal involvement (RNI). In the multivariate analysis the only poor prognostic factors was primary non-nasal (Hazard ratio (HR) = 2.40, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.43- 4.02, P = 0.01). The median overall survival (OS) was 49 months, five year OS was 48.9%, UA showed statistical significance for non-nasal primary site, advanced clinical stages, B symptoms, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) > normal, RNI and local tumour invasion. In the multivariate analysis, primary non-nasal was the only poor prognostic factor with HR = 2.57, 95% CI = 1.37-4.83, P = 0.03. CONCLUSIONS: In Peru, OS of NKTCL is similar to other countries. This result suggests that non-nasal NKTCL is the only poor prognostic factor of OS and PFS.

17.
J Sci Food Agric ; 96(11): 3631-41, 2016 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26940008

RESUMO

Food proteins contain specific amino acid sequences within their structures that may positively impact bodily functions and have multiple immunomodulatory effects. The functional properties of these specific sequences, also referred to as bioactive peptides, are revealed only after the degradation of native proteins during digestion processes. Currently, milk proteins have been the most explored source of bioactive peptides, which presents an interesting opportunity for the dairy industry. However, plant- and animal-derived proteins have also been shown to be important sources of bioactive peptides. This review summarizes the in vitro and in vivo evidence of the role of various food proteins as sources of immunomodulatory peptides and discusses the possible pathways involving these properties. © 2016 Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Dieta , Proteínas na Dieta/farmacologia , Sistema Imunitário/efeitos dos fármacos , Peptídeos/farmacologia , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Humanos , Proteínas do Leite/farmacologia , Proteínas de Plantas/farmacologia
18.
Rev Esp Quimioter ; 29(1): 15-24, 2016 Feb.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26875567

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Infectious complications are an important cause of morbidity and mortality in haematological patients with febrile neutropenia. The aim of this study was to develop a consensus document of recommendations to optimize the management of febrile neutropenic patients with haematological or vascular catheter infections in areas where there is no solid scientific evidence. METHODS: After reviewing the scientific evidence, a scientific committee composed of experts in haematology and infectious diseases developed a survey with 55 statements. A two- round modified Delphi method was used to achieve consensus. RESULTS: The online survey was answered by 52 experts in the field of haematology and infectious diseases. After two rounds of evaluation, a consensus was possible in 43 of the 55 statements (78.2%): 40 in agreement and 3 in disagreement. Recommendations are given related to empirical antibiotic treatment of patients with febrile neutropenia, mechanisms of action, toxicity and synergism of antibiotics in this context, modifications of antibiotic treatment in the course of febrile neutropenia, and the management of central vascular catheter infections in the haematological setting. CONCLUSIONS: There is a high degree of agreement among experts on some controversial issues concerning the management of febrile neutropenia and catheter infection in hematologic patients. This agreement has resulted in recommendations that may be useful in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Bacteriemia/terapia , Infecções Relacionadas a Cateter/terapia , Doenças Hematológicas/complicações , Posicionamento do Paciente , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Anti-Infecciosos/uso terapêutico , Bacteriemia/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções Relacionadas a Cateter/tratamento farmacológico , Consenso , Técnica Delfos , Sinergismo Farmacológico , Quimioterapia Combinada , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde , Doenças Hematológicas/terapia , Humanos , Neutropenia/tratamento farmacológico , Neutropenia/etiologia
19.
Rev. esp. quimioter ; 29(1): 15-24, feb. 2016. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-149283

RESUMO

Introducción. Las complicaciones infecciosas son una causa importante de morbi-mortalidad en los pacientes hematológicos con neutropenia febril. El objetivo del presente trabajo fue desarrollar un documento de recomendaciones consensuado para optimizar el manejo del paciente hematológico con neutropenia febril o infecciones por catéteres vasculares en áreas en las que no se dispone de una sólida evidencia científica. Material y métodos. Tras la revisión de las evidencias científico-médicas, un comité científico formado por especialistas expertos en hematología y enfermedades infecciosas elaboró una encuesta con 55 aseveraciones. Para el consenso se utilizó un método Delphi modificado con dos rondas de evaluación. Resultados. La encuesta fue respondida online por 52 especialistas en hematología y en enfermedades infecciosas. Tras las dos rondas de evaluación fue posible el consenso en 43 de los 55 ítems planteados (un 78,2%): 40 en el acuerdo y 3 en el desacuerdo. Con ello, se proporcionan una serie de recomendaciones relativas al tratamiento antibiótico empírico del paciente con neutropenia febril, a cuestiones relacionadas con mecanismos de acción, toxicidad y sinergia de los antibióticos en este contexto, a las modificaciones del tratamiento antibiótico en el curso de la neutropenia febril y al manejo de las infecciones de catéter vascular central en el ámbito hematológico. Conclusiones. Existe un alto grado de acuerdo entre los expertos consultados sobre algunos aspectos controvertidos relativos al manejo de la neutropenia febril y la infección por catéter en pacientes hematológicos. Este acuerdo se ha traducido en unas recomendaciones que pueden ser de utilidad en la práctica clínica (AU)


Introduction. Infectious complications are an important cause of morbidity and mortality in haematological patients with febrile neutropenia. The aim of this study was to develop a consensus document of recommendations to optimize the management of febrile neutropenic patients with haematological or vascular catheter infections in areas where there is no solid scientific evidence. Materials and Methods. After reviewing the scientific evidence, a scientific committee composed of experts in haematology and infectious diseases developed a survey with 55 statements. A two- round modified Delphi method was used to achieve consensus. Results. The online survey was answered by 52 experts in the field of haematology and infectious diseases. After two rounds of evaluation, a consensus was possible in 43 of the 55 statements (78.2%): 40 in agreement and 3 in disagreement. Recommendations are given related to empirical antibiotic treatment of patients with febrile neutropenia, mechanisms of action, toxicity and synergism of antibiotics in this context, modifications of antibiotic treatment in the course of febrile neutropenia, and the management of central vascular catheter infections in the haematological setting. Conclusions. There is a high degree of agreement among experts on some controversial issues concerning the management of febrile neutropenia and catheter infection in hematologic patients. This agreement has resulted in recommendations that may be useful in clinical practice (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Bacteriemia/complicações , Bacteriemia/tratamento farmacológico , Bacteriemia/epidemiologia , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Infecções Relacionadas a Cateter/complicações , Infecções Relacionadas a Cateter/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções Relacionadas a Cateter/epidemiologia , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Conferências de Consenso como Assunto , Inquéritos e Questionários , Coleta de Dados/métodos , Neutropenia Febril/tratamento farmacológico , Neutropenia Febril/epidemiologia , Hematologia , Hematologia/estatística & dados numéricos
20.
Sensors (Basel) ; 16(1)2015 Dec 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26712752

RESUMO

The products and services designed for Smart Cities provide the necessary tools to improve the management of modern cities in a more efficient way. These tools need to gather citizens' information about their activity, preferences, habits, etc. opening up the possibility of tracking them. Thus, privacy and security policies must be developed in order to satisfy and manage the legislative heterogeneity surrounding the services provided and comply with the laws of the country where they are provided. This paper presents one of the possible solutions to manage this heterogeneity, bearing in mind these types of networks, such as Wireless Sensor Networks, have important resource limitations. A knowledge and ontology management system is proposed to facilitate the collaboration between the business, legal and technological areas. This will ease the implementation of adequate specific security and privacy policies for a given service. All these security and privacy policies are based on the information provided by the deployed platforms and by expert system processing.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA