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2.
Neurol Clin ; 37(2): 219-234, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30952406

RESUMO

"Vasculitides are a heterogeneous group of inflammatory diseases of blood vessels in which genetic variation plays an important role in their susceptibility and clinical spectrum. Because of the use of novel technologies and the increase of the sample size of the study cohorts, the knowledge of the genetic background of vasculitides has considerably expanded during the last years. However, few insights have been obtained regarding the genetics underlying severe clinical phenotypes, such as those related to the nervous system. In this review the authors provide an updated overview of the genetic landscape behind vasculitis predisposition and development of neurologic manifestations."


Assuntos
Predisposição Genética para Doença , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso/etiologia , Vasculite/complicações , Vasculite/genética , Humanos
3.
Nefrologia ; 39(5): 523-530, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30902505

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: IgA nephropathy (IgAN) is the most common and heterogeneous glomerular nephropathy. Several strategies have been used to determine the risk of progression to ESRD. We evaluate the prognostic significance and correlate the IgAN progression calculator (IgANPC) and the Oxford/MEST-C score in our population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of biopsied patients with diagnosis of IgA nephropathy from 1990 to 2015. We classified the biopsies using MEST-C score and we correlated the score to clinical evolution. We also calculated the risk of progression with the online IgANPC at the time of the biopsy. RESULTS: We analysed 48 biopsies, 83% of which were men with a mean age of 45 years at the time of the biopsy. Patients with a biopsy E1 according to MEST-C score had a higher IgANPC score than those with E0 (P=.021). The Pearson's correlation for the percentage of crescents and the IgANPC risk score was statistically significant (P=.014) with r=0.357. The percentage of patients with eGFR above 30 ml/min at 10 years was 100% for the low-risk group (group 1 of IgANPC), and 0% for the high-risk group (group 3), log rank P=0.001. The log rank comparison for variables of the MEST-C score, presented statistically significant results between E (0.036) and S (0.022) and the eGFR time<30 ml/min. A statistically significant relationship was also observed between T1 and eGFR<30 ml/min. The multivariate Cox regression analysis for IgANPC and eGFR<30 ml/min demonstrated a strong correlation (P=.016) between the risk group and eGFR <30 ml/min. CONCLUSION: In our study population, the IgANPC predicts the time to eGFR<30 ml/min, and adds information independent of the MEST. The MEST-C classification and IgANPC are useful and independent ÿolos for prognostic prediction, but more studies are needed to validate its use in the general population.

4.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 2018 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30418124

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: In patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), insulin resistance (IR), a component of the metabolic syndrome, is closely linked to the systemic inflammation induced by proinflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin (IL)-6. In the present study, we aimed to assess if an intravenous administration of the anti-IL-6 receptor tocilizumab may yield a rapid improvement of IR in RA. METHODS: 50 consecutive non-diabetic patients with RA refractory to methotrexate, undergoing periodic treatment with tocilizumab, were studied. Besides disease activity, serum insulin, insulin/glucose ratio, insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) and insulin sensitivity (QUICKI) indexes were assessed immediately before and 1 hour after the end of an intravenous administration of tocilizumab (given in saline solution over 60 minutes). RESULTS: When comparing baseline data (immediately before) and 1 hour after finishing tocilizumab administration, we observed a dramatic decrease of the serum insulin levels and insulin/glucose ratio. Also, a statistically significant reduction of IR (HOMA-IR: mean± standard deviation immediately before: 2.62±2.03 vs. 1.65±1.15 1 hour after the end of the infusion (p<0.01) and a statistically significant increase of insulin sensitivity (QUICKI immediately before 0.34±0.03 vs. 0.37±0.04 1 hour after the end of tocilizumab infusion (p<0.01) was observed. CONCLUSIONS: The intravenous administration of tocilizumab yields a rapid beneficial effect on IR and insulin sensitivity in non-diabetic RA patients. These findings support the potential beneficial effect of the IL-6 blockade on the mechanisms associated with the development of metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular disease in patients with RA.

5.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 2018 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30299246

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The chemokine molecule CXCL5 (C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 5, also known as epithelial neutrophil activating peptide 78 -ENA78-) constitutes a link between obesity, inflammation and insulin resistance (IR) in the general population. CXCL5 has also been found to play a role in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) pathogenesis. Since chronic inflammation promotes IR and impairs pancreatic beta cell function in RA patients, we assessed the role of CXCL5 in the development of IR in RA. METHODS: Cross-sectional study that encompassed 141 non-diabetic patients with RA. IR assessed by homeostatic model assessment (HOMA2), insulin and C-peptide serum levels and lipid profile, and CXCL5 serum levels were studied. Regression analysis was performed to evaluate how CXCL5 was related to IR, disease activity, and disease characteristics in RA patients. RESULTS: HOMA2-IR indexes showed high values for both IR and beta cell production (%B), and low insulin sensitivity (%S) in patients with RA. C reactive protein (beta coef. 0.2 [95%CI -1.5-1.9], p=0.80) and disease activity through DAS28 (beta coef. 13 [95%CI -14-41], p=0.34) revealed no relation with CXCL5. Other disease characteristics, such as disease duration, serological status, or use of methotrexate or anti-TNF alpha therapies, were not associated with CXCL5 serum levels. While glucocorticoids were related to insulin, C-peptide serum levels, and HOMA2-IR and HOMA2-%B-C peptide, the use of prednisone was not associated with CXCL5 serum levels. Insulin and C peptide serum levels and IR indexes showed strong correlations among each other, but not with CXCL5 (insulin r2=-0.034, p=0.69; C peptide r2=-0.050, p=0.56). CONCLUSIONS: CXCL5 is not related to IR in RA patients. Therefore, the mechanisms leading to IR in patients with RA may be different from those in the general population.

6.
J Rheumatol ; 2018 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30275261

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: In nondiabetic healthy individuals, insulin secretion and sensitivity are linked by a negative feedback loop characterized by a hyperbolic function. We aimed to study the association of traditional insulin resistance (IR) factors with insulin secretion and sensitivity, and to determine whether the hyperbolic equilibrium of this relation is preserved in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study encompassing 361 nondiabetic individuals: 151 with RA and 210 controls. Insulin, C-peptide, and IR indices by homeostatic model (HOMA2) were assessed. A multivariable analysis was performed to evaluate the differences in the correlation of traditional IR-related factors with glucose homeostasis molecules, as well as IR indices between patients and controls. Nonlinear regression analysis was used to assess the hyperbolic relation of insulin sensitivity and secretion. RESULTS: HOMA2-IR indices were higher in patients with RA than controls. Hepatic insulin extraction, as assessed by the insulin:C-peptide molar ratio, was lower in patients with RA after multivariable analysis (0.08 ± 0.02 vs 0.14 ± 0.07, p < 0.001). Traditional IR-related factors showed significantly lower adjusted correlation coefficients with IR indices in patients with RA. The association between insulin sensitivity and secretion showed a different hyperbolic relation in patients with RA: the variability explained by the curve was lower in RA (nonlinear r2 = 0.845 vs r2 = 0.928, p = 0.001) and ß coefficients (-0.74, 95% CI -0.77 to -0.70 vs -1.09, 95% CI -1.17 to -1.02, ng/ml, p < 0.001) were different in RA. CONCLUSION: The traditional factors associated with IR in healthy individuals are less related to IR in patients with RA. Insulin sensitivity and secretion yield a different hyperbolic equilibrium in RA.

7.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 2018 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30251476

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: A genome-wide association study (GWAS) was conducted to shed light into the genetic background influencing the development of cardiovascular (CV) disease in patients diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: After quality control and imputation, a total of 6,308,944 polymorphisms across the whole genome were analysed in 2,989 RA patients from European origin. Data on subclinical atherosclerosis, obtained by carotid ultrasonography through assessment of carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) and presence/absence of carotid plaques, were available for 1,355 individuals. RESULTS: A genetic variant of the RARB gene (rs116199914) was associated with cIMT values at the genome-wide level of significance (minor allele (G): beta (ß) coefficient=0.142, P=1.86E-08). Interestingly, rs116199914 overlapped with regulatory elements in tissues related to CV pathophysiology and immune cells. In addition, biological pathway enrichment and predictive protein-protein relationship analyses, including suggestive GWAS signals of potential relevance, revealed a functional enrichment of the collagen biosynthesis network related to the presence/absence of carotid plaques (GO:0032964, PFDR =4.01E-03). Furthermore, our data suggest a potential influence of the previously described candidate CV risk loci NFKB1, MSRA and ZC3HC1 (P=8.12E-04, P=5.94E-04 and P=2.46E-04, respectively). CONCLUSION: Our study strongly suggests that genetic variation within RARB contributes to the development of subclinical atherosclerosis in patients with RA. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

8.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 13728, 2018 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30213986

RESUMO

Calprotectin (CPT) is released during inflammation, also in the context of atherosclerosis. The link between CPT and the atherosclerotic process was evaluated in several diseases. However, studies in axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA), associated with a high incidence of subclinical atherosclerosis, are scarce. Therefore, we assessed the association of CPT with subclinical atherosclerosis and metabolic risk factors in axSpA. CPT serum levels were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in 163 axSpA patients and 63 controls. Subclinical atherosclerosis was determined in patients by carotid ultrasonography (assessing the presence/absence of carotid plaques and carotid intima-media thickness [cIMT]). Data on inflammation, disease activity, lipid profile and treatment were collected to evaluate its relationship with CPT. axSpA patients evidenced lower CPT levels than controls. CPT showed no association with plaques or cIMT in axSpA. CPT and HDL-cholesterol negatively correlated, while a positive association of CPT with the atherogenic index was disclosed. Additionally, axSpA patients with C-reactive protein values at diagnosis higher than 3 mg/L displayed higher CPT levels. Our study shows no relationship between CPT and markers of subclinical atherosclerosis in axSpA. Nevertheless, it demonstrates an association of CPT with adverse lipid profiles and inflammatory biomarkers, which could further influence on the development of atherosclerosis.

9.
Curr Rheumatol Rep ; 20(5): 24, 2018 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29611051

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of the study is to perform an update on the current knowledge on genetics, clinical manifestations, and therapy in immunoglobulin A vasculitis (IgAV) (Henoch-Schönlein purpura). RECENT FINDINGS: A strong genetic predisposition in individuals with IgAV was confirmed. It was due to the association with the HLA class II region that in people of European background is mainly related to HLA-DRB1*01 allele. Recent reports support the claim that kidney disease is more common in adults than in children with IgAV. The clinical spectrum and outcome of adults with IgAV depends on the age of onset. Relapses are not uncommon in IgAV. The presence of renal impairment or proteinuria excretion exceeding 1 g/24 h at the time of disease diagnosis and the degree of renal damage on the kidney biopsy are the best predictors of end-stage renal failure in adults with IgAV. The levels of urinary IgA at the onset of the disease may predict a poor renal outcome. The use of prednisone does not seem to prevent persistent kidney disease in children with IgAV. No additional benefit of adding cyclophosphamide to glucocorticoids in adults with IgAV was found. Rituximab seems to be a promising therapy in the management of adults with IgAV. In this overview, we focus on the genetics, clinical manifestations, and therapy of IgA vasculitis, emphasizing the main differences in the clinical expression of the disease between children and adults.

10.
Semin Arthritis Rheum ; 48(1): 22-27, 2018 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29422324

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is one of the most serious complications of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). In the present study, we aimed to assess the efficacy of abatacept (ABA) in patients with ILD associated to RA. METHODS: National multicenter, non-controlled, open-label registry study of RA patients with ILD treated with ABA. RESULTS: 63 patients (36 women) with RA-associated ILD undergoing ABA therapy were studied. The mean ± standard deviation age at the time of the study was 63.2 ± 9.8 years. The median duration of RA and ILD from diagnosis were 6.8 and 1 year, respectively. RA was seropositive in 55 patients (87.3%). In 15 (23.8%) of 63 patients the development of ILD was closely related to the administration of synthetic or biologic disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs. After a follow-up of 9.4 ± 3.2 months, two-thirds of patients remained stable whereas one-quarter experienced improvement in the Modified Medical Research Council scale. At that time forced vital capacity remained stable in almost two-thirds of patents and improved in one out of five patients assessed. Also, diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide remained stable in almost two-thirds and showed improvement in a quarter of the patients assessed. At 12 months, 50% of the 22 patients in whom chest HRCT scan was performed due persistence of respiratory symptoms showed stabilization, 8 (36.4%) improvement and 3 worsening of the HRCT scan pattern. Eleven of 63 patients had to discontinue ABA, mainly due to adverse events. CONCLUSION: ABA appears to be an effective in RA-associated ILD.


Assuntos
Abatacepte/uso terapêutico , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Artrite Reumatoide/complicações , Feminino , Humanos , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/etiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 77(4): 589-595, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29374629

RESUMO

OBJETIVE: Systemic vasculitides represent a heterogeneous group of rare complex diseases of the blood vessels with a poorly understood aetiology. To investigate the shared genetic component underlying their predisposition, we performed the first cross-phenotype meta-analysis of genetic data from different clinically distinct patterns of vasculitis. METHODS: Immunochip genotyping data from 2465 patients diagnosed with giant cell arteritis, Takayasu's arteritis, antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis or IgA vasculitis as well as 4632 unaffected controls were analysed to identify common susceptibility loci for vasculitis development. The possible functional consequences of the associated variants were interrogated using publicly available annotation data. RESULTS: The strongest association signal corresponded with an intergenic polymorphism located between HLA-DQB1 and HLA-DQA2 (rs6932517, P=4.16E-14, OR=0.74). This single nucleotide polymorphism is in moderate linkage disequilibrium with the disease-specific human leucocyte antigen (HLA) class II associations of each type of vasculitis and could mark them. Outside the HLA region, we identified the KDM4C gene as a common risk locus for vasculitides (highest peak rs16925200, P=6.23E-07, OR=1.75). This gene encodes a histone demethylase involved in the epigenetic control of gene expression. CONCLUSIONS: Through a combined analysis of Immunochip data, we have identified KDM4C as a new risk gene shared between systemic vasculitides, consistent with the increasing evidences of the crucial role that the epigenetic mechanisms have in the development of complex immune-mediated conditions.

12.
PLoS One ; 13(1): e0190568, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29300768

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic inflammatory cutaneous disease which has been associated with an increased risk of adverse cardiovascular (CV) outcomes. Adequate stratification of the CV risk is an issue of major importance in patients with HS. To analyze the usefulness of carotid ultrasound (US) assessment for the CV disease risk stratification compared with a traditional score, the Framingham risk score (FRS), in a series of patients with HS. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of 60 patients with HS without history of CV events, diabetes mellitus or chronic kidney disease. Information on CV risk factors was collected and the FRS was calculated. Thus, the patients were classified into low, intermediate and high-CV disease risk categories based on FRS. Carotid US was performed in all participants, and the presence of atherosclerotic plaques was considered as a marker of high CV risk. RESULTS: HS patients had a mean age of 45.1±10.2 years, and 55% were female. The median FRS was 5.7 (IQR: 3.1-14.7). Twenty-four (40%) of the patients were classified into the low risk group, 28 (46.7%) in the intermediate risk group, and 8 (13.3%) into the FRS-high risk category. Noteworthy, carotid US revealed that about one-third of the patients (17/52; 32.6%) in the FRS-based low and intermediate risk categories had carotid plaques, and, therefore, they were reclassified into a high-risk category. CONCLUSION: CV risk in HS patients may be underestimated by using the FRS. Carotid US may be useful to improve the CV risk stratification of patients with HS.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/complicações , Artérias Carótidas/diagnóstico por imagem , Hidradenite Supurativa/complicações , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Curva ROC
13.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 36(2): 302-309, 2018 Mar-Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29303699

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Due to the high incidence of cardiovascular disease in axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA), the search of potential biomarkers that may help to identify patients with high cardiovascular risk is of main importance. Therefore, in this study we assessed the implication of osteoprotegerin (OPG) and sclerostin (SCL), two biomarkers associated with cardiovascular disease and bone metabolism, in the clinical spectrum and atherosclerotic disease of patients with axSpA. METHODS: OPG and SCL serum levels were determined in 163 axSpA Spanish patients (119 ankylosing spondylitis and 44 non-radiographic axSpA) and 63 healthy controls by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Carotid ultrasound was performed in axSpA patients to determine the presence of subclinical atherosclerosis (by the identification of abnormally increased carotid intima-media thickness [cIMT] and presence of plaques). RESULTS: Patients displayed higher OPG but lower SCL levels than controls (p=0.02 and 0.001, respectively). Association of these molecules with some metabolic syndrome features was seen. In this regard, OPG negatively correlated with body mass index (p=0.04) whereas SCL levels were higher in hypertensive patients (p=0.01) and in men (p=0.002). However, serum OPG and SCL were not significantly correlated with cIMT values or presence of plaques when data were adjusted by age at the time of the study, sex, classic cardiovascular risk factors and anti-TNF therapy. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest an association of OPG and SCL in axSpA with some metabolic syndrome features that are associated with an increased risk of CV disease.


Assuntos
Proteínas Morfogenéticas Ósseas/sangue , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Osteoprotegerina/sangue , Espondilartrite/complicações , Adulto , Idoso , Espessura Intima-Media Carotídea , Feminino , Marcadores Genéticos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
14.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 36(3): 421-427, 2018 May-Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29352842

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Amylin, which is co-secreted with insulin, plays a role in glycemic regulation and is impaired in type 2 diabetes. In the present study we assess, for the first time, the implication of amylin in the development of insulin resistance (IR) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study involving 361 non-diabetic individuals, 151 patients with RA and 210 sex-matched controls. Insulin, C-peptide, amylin, lipoprotein serum concentrations, and IR indexes by homeostatic model assessment (HOMA2) were evaluated in patients and controls. A multivariable analysis, adjusted for IR-related factors, was performed to determine the differences between patients and controls vis-à-vis amylin and how it is related to IR in RA. RESULTS: Insulin, C-peptide and HOMA2-IR indexes were higher in RA patients than in controls. Amylin serum levels were found to be upregulated in RA patients compared to controls (1.36 ± 0.81 vs. 1.79 ± 1.51 ng/ml, p=0.011), although this difference was lost after adjusting for covariates (p=0.46). While amylin positively correlated with the presence of rheumatoid factor (beta coef. 0.90 [95%CI -0.23-1.56], p=0.009) and SDAI (beta coef 0.01 [95%CI 0.00-0.03], p=0.034), no significant association with other disease activity scores, glucocorticoid intake, methotrexate use or TNF-alpha inhibitors was found. CONCLUSIONS: IR in RA does not appear to be mediated by amylin. This would imply that the mechanisms associated with IR in RA patients differ from those at work in type 2 diabetes.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/metabolismo , Resistência à Insulina , Polipeptídeo Amiloide das Ilhotas Pancreáticas/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Apolipoproteína A-I/metabolismo , Apolipoproteínas B/metabolismo , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Peptídeo C/metabolismo , Estudos de Casos e Controles , HDL-Colesterol/metabolismo , LDL-Colesterol/metabolismo , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Insulina/metabolismo , Lipoproteína(a)/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Fator Reumatoide
15.
Autoimmun Rev ; 17(3): 301-315, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29353097

RESUMO

Immunoglobulin-A vasculitis (IgAV) is classically a childhood small-sized blood vessel vasculitis with predominant involvement of the skin. Gastrointestinal and joint manifestations are common in patients diagnosed with this condition. Nephritis, which is more severe in adults, constitutes the most feared complication of this vasculitis. The molecular bases underlying the origin of IgAV have not been completely elucidated. Nevertheless, several pieces of evidence support the claim that genes play a crucial role in the pathogenesis of this disease. The human leukocyte antigen (HLA) region is, until now, the main genetic factor associated with IgAV pathogenesis. Besides a strong association with HLA class II alleles, specifically HLA-DRB1 alleles, HLA class I alleles also seem to influence on the predisposition of this disease. Other gene polymorphisms located outside the HLA region, including those coding cytokines, chemokines, adhesion molecules as well as those related to T-cells, aberrant glycosylation of IgA1, nitric oxide production, neoangiogenesis, renin-angiotensin system and lipid, Pyrin and homocysteine metabolism, may be implicated not only in the predisposition to IgAV but also in its severity. An update of the current knowledge of the genetic component associated with the pathogenesis of IgAV is detailed in this review.


Assuntos
Imunoglobulina A/genética , Polimorfismo Genético/genética , Púrpura de Schoenlein-Henoch/genética , Humanos , Imunoglobulina A/imunologia
16.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 19(1): 229, 2017 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29041949

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The precise mechanism linking systemic inflammation with insulin resistance (IR) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) remains elusive. In the present study, we determined whether the incretin-insulin axis and incretin effect are disrupted in patients with RA and if they are related to the IR found in these patients. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study that encompassed 361 subjects without diabetes, 151 patients with RA, and 210 sex-matched control subjects. Insulin, C-peptide, glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), gastric inhibitory polypeptide (GIP), dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP-4) soluble form, and IR indexes by homeostatic model assessment (HOMA2) were assessed. A multivariable analysis adjusted for IR-related factors was performed. Additionally, ten patients and ten control subjects underwent a 566-kcal meal test so that we could further study the postprandial differences of these molecules between patients and control subjects. RESULTS: Insulin, C-peptide, and HOMA2-IR indexes were higher in patients than in control subjects. This was also the case for GLP-1 (0.49 ± 1.28 vs. 0.71 ± 0.22 ng/ml, p = 0.000) and GIP (0.37 ± 0.40 vs. 1.78 ± 0.51 ng/ml, p = 0.000). These differences remained significant after multivariable adjustment including glucocorticoid intake. Disease Activity Score in 28 joints with erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ß coefficient 46, 95% CI 6-87, p = 0.026) and Clinical Disease Activity Index (ß coefficient 7.74, 95% CI 1.29-14.20, p = 0.019) were associated with DPP-4 serum levels. GLP-1 positively correlated with ß-cell function (HOMA2 of ß-cell production calculated with C-peptide) in patients but not in control subjects (interaction p = 0.003). The meal test in patients with RA revealed a higher total and late response AUC for glucose response, a later maximal response of C-peptide, and a flatter curve in GIP response. CONCLUSIONS: The incretin-insulin axis, both during fasting and postprandial, is impaired in patients with RA.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/fisiopatologia , Polipeptídeo Inibidor Gástrico/sangue , Peptídeo 1 Semelhante ao Glucagon/sangue , Resistência à Insulina/fisiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Artrite Reumatoide/sangue , Estudos Transversais , Dipeptidil Peptidase 4/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Insulina/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
17.
Thromb Haemost ; 117(11): 2194-2206, 2017 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29044294

RESUMO

The present study aimed to evaluate the possible role of immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies against high-density lipoproteins (HDL) and paraoxonase 1 (PON1) as possible biomarkers of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). To this end, levels of these autoantibodies, PON1 activity and total antioxidant capacity were quantified in serum samples from 198 SLE patients, 100 healthy controls (HC) and 42 non-autoimmune individuals with traditional cardiovascular risk factors. PON1 rs662 polymorphism was analysed in a subgroup of patients and controls. Subclinical CVD were determined by Doppler ultrasound in 118 SLE patients and 30 HC, analysing carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) and blood flow parameters in internal carotid, middle cerebral and basilar arteries. Serum levels of both anti-HDL and anti-PON1 antibodies were increased in SLE patients compared with HC (p < 0.001); however, only anti-PON1 antibodies, in addition to disease activity, were significant predictors of the impaired PON1 function in SLE (ß = -0.143, p = 0.045). Conversely, anti-HDL antibodies were associated with higher risk of CVD (odds ratio: 3.69; p = 0.012) and lower HDL levels at disease onset (ρ = -0.324, p = 0.044). Finally, anti-PON1 antibodies were associated with carotid IMT in SLE (ß = 0.201, p = 0.008) and inversely related to cranial arteries blood flow velocities in patients with clinical and subclinical CVD (all p < 0.001). In sum, these findings allowed us to propose serum levels of anti-PON1 and anti-HDL antibodies as potential early biomarkers of endothelial damage and premature atherosclerosis in SLE, thus constituting useful therapeutic targets for the prevention of future CVD in these patients.


Assuntos
Arildialquilfosfatase/imunologia , Autoanticorpos/sangue , Doenças das Artérias Carótidas/sangue , Imunoglobulina G/sangue , Lipoproteínas HDL/imunologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/sangue , Adulto , Antioxidantes/análise , Arildialquilfosfatase/genética , Biomarcadores/sangue , Doenças das Artérias Carótidas/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças das Artérias Carótidas/epidemiologia , Doenças das Artérias Carótidas/imunologia , Espessura Intima-Media Carotídea , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/diagnóstico , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/imunologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Espanha/epidemiologia , Ultrassonografia Doppler
18.
Sci Rep ; 7(1): 10525, 2017 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28874816

RESUMO

Several protein tyrosine phosphatase non-receptor 22 (PTPN22) single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) have been significantly related with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) susceptibility. Nevertheless, its potential influence on PTPN22 expression in RA has not been completely elucidated. Furthermore, PTPN22 binds to C-Src tyrosine kinase (CSK) forming a key complex in autoimmunity. However, the information of CSK gene in RA is scarce. In this study, we analyzed the relative PTPN22 and CSK expression in peripheral blood from 89 RA patients and 43 controls to determine if the most relevant PTPN22 (rs2488457, rs2476601 and rs33996649) and CSK (rs34933034 and rs1378942) polymorphisms may influence on PTPN22 and CSK expression in RA. The association between PTPN22 and CSK expression in RA patients and their clinical characteristics was also evaluated. Our study shows for the first time a marked down-regulation of PTPN22 expression in RA patients carrying the risk alleles of PTPN22 rs2488457 and rs2476601 compared to controls (p = 0.004 and p = 0.007, respectively). Furthermore, CSK expression was significantly lower in RA patients than in controls (p < 0.0001). Interestingly, a reduced PTPN22 expression was disclosed in RA patients with ischemic heart disease (p = 0.009). The transcriptional suppression of this PTPN22/CSK complex may have a noteworthy clinical relevance in RA patients.

20.
Sci Rep ; 7(1): 5088, 2017 Jul 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28698626

RESUMO

The genetic component of Immunoglobulin-A (IgA) vasculitis is still far to be elucidated. To increase the current knowledge on the genetic component of this vasculitis we performed the first genome-wide association study (GWAS) on this condition. 308 IgA vasculitis patients and 1,018 healthy controls from Spain were genotyped by Illumina HumanCore BeadChips. Imputation of GWAS data was performed using the 1000 Genomes Project Phase III dataset as reference panel. After quality control filters and GWAS imputation, 285 patients and 1,006 controls remained in the datasets and were included in further analysis. Additionally, the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) region was comprehensively studied by imputing classical alleles and polymorphic amino acid positions. A linkage disequilibrium block of polymorphisms located in the HLA class II region surpassed the genome-wide level of significance (OR = 0.56, 95% CI = 0.46-0.68). Although no polymorphic amino acid positions were associated at the genome-wide level of significance, P-values of potential relevance were observed for the positions 13 and 11 of HLA-DRB1 (P = 6.67E-05, P = 1.88E-05, respectively). Outside the HLA, potential associations were detected, but none of them were close to the statistical significance. In conclusion, our study suggests that IgA vasculitis is an archetypal HLA class II disease.

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