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1.
J Health Psychol ; : 1359105319876326, 2019 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31532262

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to determine the risk of having significant depressive symptoms in subjects with obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus through a meta-analysis. Our results showed that individuals with obesity and diabetes have an increased risk of having significant symptoms of depression. In subgroup analyses, we observed that Caucasian populations have an increased risk of having these symptoms. Our meta-analysis suggests that obesity is associated with an increased risk of having significant depressive symptoms in patients with type 2 diabetes, and they could be even higher in Caucasian populations.

2.
Adv Rheumatol ; 59(1): 39, 2019 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31426856

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of prolotherapy with hypertonic dextrose in patients with knee osteoarthritis. A systematic search was performed in electronic databases including PUBMED, SCIELO, DIALNET and Google Scholar. MAIN BODY: We searched for randomized clinical trials that evaluated therapeutic interventions in patients with knee osteoarthritis. These trials compared the effect of intra-articular and / or extra-articular infiltrations of hypertonic dextrose vs the effect of intra-articular and / or extra-articular infiltrations of other substances or some interventional procedure application, via assessing pain, physical function and secondary effects and / or adverse reactions. Ten randomized clinical trials were included in this systematic review, the total sample size comprised 328 patients treated with hypertonic dextrose (prolotherapy) vs 348 controls treated with other infiltrations such as local anesthetics, hyaluronic acid, ozone, platelet-rich plasma or interventional procedures like radiofrequency. CONCLUSIONS: In terms of pain reduction and function improvement, prolotherapy with hypertonic dextrose was more effective than infiltrations with local anesthetics, as effective as infiltrations with hyaluronic acid, ozone or radiofrequency and less effective than PRP and erythropoietin, with beneficial effect in the short, medium and long term. In addition, no side effects or serious adverse reactions were reported in patients treated with hypertonic dextrose. Although HDP seems to be a promising interventional treatment for knee OA, more studies with better methodological quality and low risk of bias are needed to confirm the efficacy and safety of this intervention.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31349552

RESUMO

Background: individuals with type 2 diabetes show emotional distress as they learn how to cope with the disease. The emotional distress increases the possibility of complications in these patients. The aims of the present study were to evaluate the impact of the emotional distress in the quality of life of individuals with diabetes, and to investigate the demographic and clinical characteristics associated with the emotional distress of living with diabetes in a Mexican population. Methods: a total of 422 Mexican individuals with type 2 diabetes were recruited from the outpatient Diabetes Clinic of the Hospital Regional de Alta Especialidad Dr. Gustavo A. Rovirosa of Villahermosa, Tabasco. Demographic and clinical characteristics along with quality of life (SF-36) were assessed in these individuals. The emotional distress of living with diabetes was measured using the 5-item Problem Areas in Diabetes. Patients were divided according to the presence of high or low distress. Results: we identified that 31.8% (n = 134) of patients presented high diabetes-related emotional distress. We observed that hepatic diseases as comorbidities (p = 0.008) and diagnosis of major depression (p = 0.04) are factors associated with the emotional distress of living with diabetes. These patients showed a reduced quality of life in all dimensions (p < 0.001); the most affected dimensions were physical role (d = 0.37) and general health (d = 0.89) showing lower scores in comparison with patients with low emotional distress. Conclusions: our results suggest that Mexican individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus show high emotional distress living with the disease and have a decreased quality of life. Therefore, it is necessary to decrease factors associated with the high emotional distress of living with diabetes in patients with type 2 diabetes.

4.
Brain Behav ; 9(7): e01286, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31199591

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The 5-HTR2A gene has been implicated as candidate gene for eating disorders. The aim of the present study was to analyze the association of rs6311 and rs6313 polymorphisms of 5-HTR2A gene with eating disorders in Mexican population, and to evaluate if the polymorphisms of 5-HTR2A gene were associated with comorbidities in eating behavior. METHODS: We conducted a case-control analysis with 460 subjects. We included 168 patients with eating disorders and 292 controls; two polymorphisms of 5-HTR2A gene were genotyped. We assessed the association by allele, genotype, and inheritance models. Psychiatric comorbidities were analyzed by genotype in patients with eating disorders. RESULTS: We found an association between rs6311 and eating disorders in a Mexican population by allele (OR = 8.09; 95% CI = 5.99-11.03; p = 2.2e-16) and genotype (OR = 76.14; 95% CI = 35.61-177.18; p = 2.2e-16). Individuals who carried GG genotype showed increased risk for suicide attempted (OR = 2.14; CI = 1.10-4.26; p = 0.035) as comorbidity associated with eating disorders. No positive associations were observed for rs6313 polymorphism. CONCLUSION: Our results showed an association of rs6311 (A1438G) polymorphism of 5-HTR2A gene with eating disorders, and these polymorphic variants could increase the risk of psychiatric comorbidities. However, more studies are required to replicate the results and to reach to a conclusive association between eating disorders and rs6311.

5.
Gene ; 711: 143936, 2019 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31212049

RESUMO

Nephrolithiasis is a complex disease in which its pathophysiology is strongly influenced by genetics. Polymorphisms of the vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene have been reported to be associated with the development of kidney stones which in most cases are composed predominantly of calcium salts. For the purpose of this study, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to analyze the association of BsmI (rs1544410), ApaI (rs7975232), TaqI (rs731236) and FokI (rs2228570) polymorphisms with nephrolithiasis. A systematic search was performed up to June 2018 using PubMed, Embase and ISI Web of Knowledge databases. The keywords used for the search were "vitamin D receptor or VDR" and "polymorphisms or SNPs" combined with "urolithiasis or nephrolithiasis". A meta-analysis was performed with the results of the selected and included studies. After analyzing 23 publications, we observed that BsmI polymorphism (rs1544410) has a protective association against nephrolithiasis (Allelic model: OR = 0.84, CI 95% 0.73-0.96, Z p-value 0.015; homozygous model: OR = 0.72, CI 95% 0.54-0.97, Z p-value 0.033). Furthermore, we observed that FokI polymorphism (rs2228570) has a decreased risk of nephrolithiasis in the heterozygous model in the presence of heterogeneity (OR = 0.69, CI 95% 0.48-0.99, Z p-value 0.044), as well as in the absence of heterogeneity (OR = 0.81, CI 95% 0.66-0.99, Z p-value 0.045). Additionally, TaqI polymorphism (rs731236) was associated with a decreased risk of nephrolithiasis in the heterozygous model (OR = 0.77, CI 95% 0.63-0.94, Z p-value 0.010), and no overall association was observed with ApaI polymorphism (rs7975232). This meta-analysis provided comprehensive evidence that VDR polymorphisms are associated with upper urinary tract stones incidence and the genetic variants we studied provide protection against nephrolithiasis.


Assuntos
Nefrolitíase/epidemiologia , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Receptores de Calcitriol/genética , Adulto , Criança , Feminino , Estudos de Associação Genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nefrolitíase/genética
6.
J Clin Rheumatol ; 2019 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31192856

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: It has been suggested that patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) often present depression and anxiety. The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of depression and anxiety symptoms in Mexican patients with RA and to determine associated factors of depression and anxiety in this population. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study. We evaluated demographic characteristics, medical comorbidities, substance use, and disease characteristics in 103 patients with RA. Patients were enrolled from March 2016 to August 2017 The prevalence of depression and anxiety was estimated using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. We calculated the proportion of depression and anxiety symptoms and compared characteristics between groups. Finally, logistic regression model was used to determine the factors associated with depression and anxiety. RESULTS: Depression symptoms were present in 26.2% of patients, whereas anxiety symptoms were present in 16.5% of patients. Presence of hypertension was an associated factor with depression (odds ratio [OR], 3.13; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.06-9.23; p = 0.03). Low socioeconomic (OR, 3.78; 95% CI, 1.39-10.28; p = 0.009) and high scores of 28-joint Disease Activity Score were associated with anxiety (OR, 3.19; 95% CI, 1.20-8.45; p = 0.02). CONCLUSIONS: Factor related to socioeconomic conditions, comorbid medical conditions, and disease activity were related to the presence of clinical depression and anxiety in Mexican patients with RA, which may have a negative impact in the course and outcome of the disease. We suggest an early identification of depression and anxiety in these patients through an early psychiatric evaluation.

7.
Brain Behav ; 9(6): e01249, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31033179

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Several studies indicate that polygenic obesity is linked to fat-mass and obesity-associated (FTO) genetic variants. Nevertheless, the link between variants in FTO and mental disorders has been barely explored. The present work aims to determine whether FTO genetic variants are associated with bipolar disorder and obesity, and to perform an in silico prediction of variant-dependent functional impact on the developing brain transcriptome. METHODS: Four hundred and forty-six Mexican mestizos were included in a genetic association analysis. SNP-sequence kernel association test and linear mixed models were implemented for genetic association assessment. For functional impact prediction, we analyzed the mapping of regulatory elements, the modification of binding sites of transcription factors and the expression of transcription factors in the brain developing transcriptome, searching on different databases. RESULTS: In the set-based analysis, we found different associated regions to BD (bipolar disorder) and obesity. The promoter flanking region of FTO intron 1 was associated with differential effects on BMI, while intron 2 of RPGRIP1L and FTO upstream regions were associated with BD. The prediction analysis showed that FTO BD-associated variants disturb binding sites of SP1 and SP2; obesity-associated variants, on the other hand, disturb binding sites of FOXP1, which are transcription factors highly expressed during prenatal development stages of the brain. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest a possible effect of FTO variants on neurodevelopment in obesity and bipolar disorder, which gives new insights into the molecular mechanism underlying this association.

8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(11): e14838, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30882674

RESUMO

The aim of the present case-control study was to explore the association between BDNF Val66Met (rs6265) polymorphism and generalized anxiety disorder in Mexican individuals, and whether this polymorphism plays a role in the symptomatology of anxiety.A total of 212 subjects were included in the study. Around 75 patients with generalized anxiety disorder were diagnosed by psychiatrists based on the DSM-IV instrument and 137 unrelated subjects psychiatrically healthy were used as comparison group. The subclinical symptomatology in patients was assessed with the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory. BDNF rs6265 genotypes were analyzed using the polymerase chain reaction end-point method.The association between BDNF Val66Met with the risk for generalized anxiety disorder was evaluated using 4 inheritance models. The present study showed that carrying the Met allele confers increased risk for the presence of generalized anxiety disorder (χ = 4.7, P = .03; OR (95%) 1.96 (1.05-3.56)) when patients with generalized anxiety disorder were compared with the comparison group.Our results provide evidence of an association between the Val66Met polymorphism of the BDNF gene and generalized anxiety disorder in a Mexican population. However, no association was observed between this polymorphism and the symptomatology of anxiety.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Ansiedade , Fator Neurotrófico Derivado do Encéfalo/genética , Adulto , Transtornos de Ansiedade/diagnóstico , Transtornos de Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Transtornos de Ansiedade/genética , Transtornos de Ansiedade/psicologia , Sintomas Comportamentais/diagnóstico , Correlação de Dados , Manual Diagnóstico e Estatístico de Transtornos Mentais , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Masculino , México/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica
9.
Metab Brain Dis ; 34(4): 967-977, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30900130

RESUMO

The enzyme nitric oxide synthase has been associated with suicide behavior. NOS1, NOS2 and NOS3 genes are implicated in the production of nitric oxide. However, the association between NOS genes and suicide behavior has not yet been established. To assess the association of Nitric Oxide Synthase (NOS) genes and suicide behavior we performed a systematic review a meta-analysis. We searched articles published in three electronic databases, PubMed, Scopus and Web of Sciences, up to February 2019. We used keywords and combinations "NOS", "NOS1", "NOS2", "NOS3" and "suicide". Only articles that met the inclusion criteria were included. To assess the association between NOS genes and suicide behavior we used allelic, dominant and recessive models, as well as homozygous and heterozygous comparisons. The pooled results showed that rs2682826 of Nitric Oxide Synthase 1 gene (NOS1) increased the risk for suicide attempt in the allelic (OR: 1.34; 95 CI: 1.00-1.78), recessive (OR: 1.45; 95 CI:1.06-1.98) and heterozygous (OR: 1.41; 95 CI: 1.09-1.81) models. We found that the rs2682826 of NOS1 could increase the risk for suicide attempt. However, these results should only be taken as exploratory; more studies are necessary to determine the association between NOS genes and suicide behavior.

10.
Biochem Genet ; 57(4): 583-605, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30778791

RESUMO

A genetic component is accepted in the etiology of the glioma. Evidence from candidate genes studies and GWAS reveal that CCDC26 gene could increase the risk of glioma. We performed a systematic review and up-to-date meta-analysis to explore if polymorphisms of CCDC26 gene (rs891835, rs6470745, and rs55705857) may be a susceptibility factor in developing glioma. An online search in PubMed, Web of Science, and SCOPUS up to September 2018 was performed. The pooled odds ratios were evaluated by fixed effects model and random effects model. Analyses of the overall sample and ethnic sub-groups were performed. In all the analyses, the allelic, additive, dominant, and recessive models were used. We found an association between all polymorphisms evaluated and an increased risk for glioma in the overall population in all the models studied. In sub-group analysis, we found that rs891835 and rs6470745 increased the risk of glioma in Europeans and Caucasians. On the other hand, the rs891835 polymorphism did not reveal any statistical association in Chinese population. Taken into consideration the limitations of this study, the present findings suggest a possible participation of rs891835, rs6470745, and rs55705857 as risk factors to develop glioma. Furthermore, it is possible that the involvement of CCDC26 variants depends on ethnicity. However, we recommend to perform further studies to have conclusive outcomes.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/genética , Glioma/genética , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/genética , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu/genética , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Masculino , Razão de Chances , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Fatores de Risco
11.
Psychiatry Res ; 271: 658-668, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30791339

RESUMO

Psychiatric disorders are complex polygenic diseases that show common genetic vulnerability. Several studies have investigated the association of polymorphisms of FK506 binding protein 51 (FKBP5) gene and depressive disorders or suicidal behavior, however, the results have been controversial and ambiguous. The aim of our study was to explore the role of the FKBP5 gene variants (rs1360780, rs3800373 and rs4713916), in depressive disorders or suicidal behavior through a systematic review and a meta-analysis. The protocol number of the study is PROSPERO CRD42018089295. The meta-analysis included 12 studies. Odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals were used to evaluate the association and the publication bias was tested by Egger's test and funnel plot; heterogeneity was assessed by the Cochran's chi-square-based Q statistic test and the inconsistency index. Our results showed that the rs3800373 and rs4713916 were associated with an increased risk of depressive disorders when using the heterozygous and dominant models. In the stratified analysis by ethnicity, a significantly increased risk of depressive disorders was also observed for rs3800373 and rs4713916 in Caucasians. When we analyzed suicidal behavior, we found a significant association with the rs1360780 of FKBP5 and suicidal behavior risk in the overall population and rs3800373 in completed suicide subgroup. Existing evidence indicates that the polymorphisms of FKBP5 gene are associated with risk of depressive disorders and suicidal behavior. Future studies with larger sample sizes will be necessary to confirm the present results.


Assuntos
Transtorno Depressivo/genética , Estudos de Associação Genética/métodos , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Ideação Suicida , Suicídio , Proteínas de Ligação a Tacrolimo/genética , Transtorno Depressivo/diagnóstico , Transtorno Depressivo/psicologia , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença/psicologia , Humanos , Masculino , Suicídio/psicologia
12.
PM R ; 11(8): 879-887, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30689297

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ozone therapy has been used widely to decrease pain related to osteoarthritis, but the effectiveness of this treatment has not been evaluated. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of ozone therapy in the reduction of pain in patients with knee osteoarthritis, according to the type of intervention and duration of the effect. TYPE: Meta-analysis. LITERATURE SURVEY: We performed an online search using PUBMED, DIALNET, SCIELO, MEDIGRAPHIC, and ISCO3 databases. We searched for articles published up to January 2018. PARTICIPANTS: We selected eight studies including a total of 355 patients and 363 controls. METHODOLOGY: Only randomized-controlled trials that assessed the efficacy of intraarticular or periarticular infiltrations with ozone to treat knee osteoarthritis in humans were included in the analysis. The results are expressed as standardized mean difference and 95% confidence intervals. The meta-analysis was performed in accordance with the statement of Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses. SYNTHESIS: We observed that ozone treatment had a therapeutic effect when compared with placebo (d = -0.81, 95% CI -1.06 to -0.55, I2 = 34.79, P(Q) = .47) or other noninvasive treatments. No significant effects were found in favor of the ozone treatment when compared with the use of hyaluronic acid or platelet-rich plasma. However, the use of ozone had a significant short-term benefit reducing knee pain (d = -2.26, 95% CI -2.26 to -3.72, I2 = 97, P(Q) < .001). Pain relief benefits lasted between 3 and 6 months. CONCLUSION: Our results indicate that intraarticular infiltrations of ozone can be used as an optional effective treatment for the management of pain related to knee osteoarthritis. There are short-term effect benefits that peak at around 1 month of treatment, with a gradual decline in efficacy after 3 to 6 months of treatment. More studies are needed to improve our understanding of the efficacy of this interventional treatment. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: I.

13.
J Pediatr Nurs ; 45: e53-e56, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30655115

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to investigate the frequency of depression and anxiety in mothers of children hospitalized in a neonatal intensive care unit, and to determine the characteristics associated with depression and anxiety in a sample of Mexican mothers. METHOD: We studied 188 mothers who had premature babies in a neonatal intensive-care. Sociodemographic and clinical characteristics were collected through a face to face interview performed by professional staff. We assessed depression using the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and clinical anxiety using the Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAM-A). RESULTS: Clinical anxiety was reported in more than one-third of women (34.0%, n = 64) followed by depression (19.7%, n = 37), while twenty-six women reported both significant depression and anxiety (13.8%). Women with both clinical symptoms were younger, they were more frequently students and were living within extended families. Women who presented only symptoms of depression reported lower educational level (elementary school 29.7%, n = 11). CONCLUSION: Our results show a high incidence of anxiety, depression, and both emotional disorders in Mexican mothers of premature babies hospitalized in a neonatal intensive care unit. Demographic features such as occupation or age may impact the occurrence and severity of joint symptoms of depression and anxiety which should be monitored by the health team and referred to a mental health service.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Depressão Pós-Parto/epidemiologia , Doenças do Recém-Nascido/psicologia , Terapia Intensiva Neonatal/psicologia , Relações Mãe-Filho/psicologia , Mães/psicologia , Adulto , Ansiedade/diagnóstico , Depressão Pós-Parto/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Doenças do Recém-Nascido/epidemiologia , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal , México , Mães/estatística & dados numéricos , Prevalência
14.
Span J Psychol ; 21: E60, 2018 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30477597

RESUMO

The Bipolar Spectrum Diagnostic Scale (BSDS) is widely validated and used as a screening tool for bipolar disorder. However, there is no BSDS validated version for its use in Mexican population. The aim of the present study was to examine the BSDS diagnostic capacity, and to evaluate its criterion validity and internal consistency for its use in Mexican psychiatric patients. We recruited 200 patients who attended the psychiatric outpatient service of a Mental Health Specialized Hospital and were screened for bipolar disorder using BSDS. To determine the cut-off point, sensitivity and specificity, we used the SCID-I diagnosis as the gold standard in 100 participants with bipolar disorder and 100 with major depression. Internal consistency according to Cronbach's coefficient alpha was .81. The area under ROC curve for the overall discriminability of BSDS against the criterion of SCID-I for bipolar disorder was .90. Finally, a cut-off value of 12 reached the most stable sensitivity and specificity, with predictive powers higher than .80. In conclusion, the properties of the scale including internal consistency, sensitivity and specificity, make of BSDS a valuable instrument for screening bipolar disorder in Mexican psychiatric population.

15.
Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat ; 14: 2485-2496, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30319259

RESUMO

Background: It is accepted that there is a genetic factor that influences the risk of suicidal behavior. The catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) gene, especially the Val108/158Met polymorphism, has been associated with suicide; however, no conclusive outcome has been attained. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to assess the role of COMT Val108/158Met in suicidal behavior throughout an updated meta-analysis. Methods: We performed an online search using PubMed and Web of Science (up to March 2017). Our systematic review included case-control studies of individuals who attempted suicide and completed suicide. We tested allelic, homozygous, heterozygous, dominant, and recessive inheritance models. The meta-analysis was performed in accordance with the statement of Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses. Results: The meta-analysis comprised 17 studies, which included 3,282 cases and 3,774 controls, and showed that when evaluating the overall population, the Val108/158Met polymorphism of COMT was not associated with suicidal behavior in any of the inheritance models; however, the subanalyses showed that this polymorphism exhibits a risk factor in males and a protective effect in females. Additionally, it conveyed a risk factor in Asian populations when using the allelic (OR 1.25; CI: 1.04-1.51) and recessive models (OR 1.32; CI: 1.03-1.68). Conclusion: Our updated meta-analysis suggests a possible association between COMT Val108/158Met and suicidal behavior in Asian populations. However, in view of the small number of studies, these results should be considered exploratory. We recommend that more studies be performed with larger samples.

16.
Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat ; 14: 2511-2518, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30323600

RESUMO

Background: Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease that requires attention and commitment on the part of patients; improving the quality of life of these patients reduces health costs, morbidity, and mortality. We focused on investigating the factors related with the quality of life and depression symptomatology in patients with type 2 diabetes. Participants and methods: A total of 173 Mexican patients with type 2 diabetes were recruited. An interview face-to-face, a sociodemographic characteristics questionnaire, the Short Form 36 (SF-36), and the Clinical Epidemiological Studies of Depression were applied. The biochemical parameters measured were blood glucose, cholesterol, triacylglycerol levels, and glycated hemoglobin. Results: In all SF-36 subscales, female patients had lower scores in comparison with male patients; individuals ≥65 years of age showed less physical function. We observed that married patients presented a better quality of life than people who were widowed or divorced (P<0.05). Those with high rates of lipids showed decreased scores all the subscales of SF-36. Finally, we observed that depression was the major factor that decreased quality of life in patients with diabetes. Conclusion: Our results suggest that untreated and unrecognized depression can decrease the quality of life in patients with diabetes mellitus type 2. Therefore, health care professionals need to consider these findings when treating patients with diabetes. Due to the limited number of patients included in the present study, more studies are needed, studying larger samples in order to provide conclusive results.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30257442

RESUMO

It is estimated that almost 366 million people are currently suffering from diabetes mellitus worldwide. However, it has been suggested that coffee consumption has a protective effect against the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus. This association has been observed in many regions around the world. Today, there are no reports in Mexico regarding this association. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the association between coffee intake and self-reported type 2 diabetes mellitus in the southeastern part of Mexico. This study included 1277 residents of Comalcalco, a municipality of Tabasco State, Mexico. We calculated the prevalence for diabetes and performed multivariate analysis using multiple logistic regressions to evaluate the combined association with type 2 diabetes mellitus. The prevalence of the diabetes was 12.52% (95% CI: 10.67⁻14.38). The majority of people surveyed (77.29%; 95% CI: 74.95⁻79.60) indicated they were coffee drinkers. The results of multivariate analysis showed a non-significant relationship between the number of cups of coffee drank and type 2 diabetes mellitus. The adjusted odds ratio gave the following values: 1.20, (95% CI: 0.59⁻2.41) for non-daily consumption; 1.66 (0.82⁻3.34), for 1 cup of coffee peer day, and 1.49 (0.78⁻2.86) for 2⁻3 cups. Subsequently, an adjustment was made for age, gender, marital status, education, alcohol consumption, and cigarette smoking. In our population, we did not observe an association between coffee intake and its protective relationship with self-reported type 2 diabetes mellitus.

18.
Metab Brain Dis ; 33(6): 2031-2038, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30264280

RESUMO

Artificial sweeteners are mainly used as substitutes for sucrose derivates. In this study, we analyzed if the chronic consumption of aspartame or acesulfame potassium at an early age, produces histological alterations, astrogliosis and decreased neuronal viability, in hippocampus, prefrontal cortex, amygdala and hypothalamus of male Wistar rats. A histological analysis was performed on male Wistar rats that consumed aspartame or acesulfame potassium during 90 days, initiating the consumption of sweeteners immediately after weaning. The evaluation of neuronal morphology in different areas of the brain was performed with hematoxylin - eosin staining. To measure astrogliosis and neuronal viability, we used the immunohistochemical technique, with the glial fibrillary acidic protein immunomodulators (GFAP) and with neuronal-specific enolase (NSE). The consumption of aspartame or acesulfame potassium promoted morphological changes of neurons including increased pyknotic nuclei and vacuolization in all the brain areas studied. In hippocampus, prefrontal cortex, amygdala and hypothalamus, astrogliosis and reduction of neural viability were observed in sweeteners consumers in comparison with the control group. Chronic consumption of ASP and ACK from early stages of development and during long periods, may promote neural modifications, astrogliosis and decrease neuronal viability in prefrontal cortex, amygdala, hippocampus, and hypothalamus.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29880751

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It has been proposed that the risk of death by suicide is higher in patients with diabetes than in the general population. Therefore, it is necessary to investigate the risk factors of suicidal behavior in patients with type 2 diabetes. The aim of the present study was to analyze the prevalence of suicide attempt and determine the risk factors of suicide attempt, in patients with type 2 diabetes in a Mexican population. METHODS: Clinic characteristics, anthropometric measurements, biochemical levels, depression, and suicidal behavior were evaluated in 185 Mexican patients with type 2 diabetes. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to find predictive factors of suicide attempt. RESULTS: 11.4% of patients reported previous suicide attempts n = 21). Younger patients (OR: 3.63, 95% CI: 1.29⁻10.19), having depression (OR: 3.33, 95% CI: 1.13⁻9.76) and normal BMI (OR: 3.14, 95% CI: 1.11⁻8.83), were predictive factors of suicide attempt. No other variables in the study showed statistical significance. CONCLUSIONS: Our results showed a high prevalence of suicidal behavior in patients with type 2 diabetes. We found that younger age, depression and normal BMI could be risk factors of suicide attempt in these patients. Therefore, psychiatric interventions to prevent depression and suicidal behavior in this population are necessary. New studies using larger samples are necessary to replicate and confirm these results.

20.
Clin Rheumatol ; 2018 May 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29777408

RESUMO

Primary osteoarthritis (OA) is a complex entity in which several loci related to different molecular pathways or classes of molecules are associated with its development as demonstrated through genetic association studies. Genes involved in bone formation and mineralization, such as osteopontin (OPN) and Matrix Gla protein (MGP), could also be related with OA. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between the genetic variants of OPN and MGP with primary knee osteoarthritis in a Mexican population. A case-control study was conducted in 296 patients with primary knee osteoarthritis and in 354 control subjects. Study groups were assessed radiologically. The rs11730582 of OPN and rs1800802, rs1800801, and rs4236 of MGP were determined by TaqMan allele discrimination assays. The haplotypes of the polymorphisms of MGP were constructed. The association was tested through univariate and multivariate non-conditional logistic regression analyses. The polymorphisms of MGP complied with Hardy-Weinberg (HW) equilibrium. The polymorphisms of OPN and MGP were not significantly associated with primary knee osteoarthritis in the codominant, dominant, and recessive models (p > 0.05). Our study suggests that there are no associations between OPN and MGP polymorphisms with primary knee osteoarthritis in Mexican population.

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