Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 11 de 11
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
J Anim Breed Genet ; 2021 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33861884

RESUMO

The study's objective was to compare the genomic prediction ability methods for the traits milk yield, milk composition and somatic cell count of Saanen Brazilian goats. Nine hundred forty goats, genotyped with an Axiom_OviCap (Caprine) panel, Affimetrix customized array with 62,557 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), were used for the genomic selection analyses. The genomic methods studied to estimate the effects of SNPs and direct genomic values (DGV) were as follows: (a) genomic BLUP (GBLUP), (b) Bayes Cπ and (c) Bayesian Lasso (BLASSO). Estimated breeding values (EBV) and deregressed estimated breeding values (dEBV) were used as response variables for the genomic predictions. The prediction ability was assessed by Pearson's correlation between DGV and response variables (EBV and dEBV). Regression coefficients of the response variables on the DGV were obtained to verify if the genomic predictions were biased. In addition, the mean square error of prediction (MSE) was used as a measure of verification of model fit to the data. The means of prediction accuracy, when EBV was used as a response variable, were 0.68, 0.68 and 0.67 for GBLUP, Bayes Cπ and BLASSO, respectively. With dEBV, the mean prediction accuracy was 0.50 for all models. The averages of the EBV regression coefficients on DGV were 1.08 for all models (GBLUP, Bayes Cπ and BLASSO), higher than those obtained for the regression coefficient of dEBV on DGV, which presented values of 1.05, 1.05 and 1.08 for GBLUP, Bayes Cπ and BLASSO, respectively. None of the methods stood out in terms of prediction ability; however, the GBLUP method was the most appropriate for estimating the DGV, in a slightly more reliable and less biased way, besides presenting the lowest computational cost. In the context of the present study, EBV was the preferred response variables considering the genomic prediction accuracy despite dEBV also presented lower bias.

2.
Trop Anim Health Prod ; 52(5): 2513-2522, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32394357

RESUMO

This study aimed to estimate the genetic parameters for somatic cell count (SCC) and the genetic association between SCC and milk production traits using two different methods of SCC normalization. The dataset contained information on 8870 lactation records of 6172 Guzerá dairy cows selected for dual-purpose from 95 herds. The lactation means of SCC were normalized in two ways: (a) SCC1 = log10 (SCC) and (b) SCC2 = log2 (SCC/100) + 3. Multivariate analyses were performed considering milk production traits over the course of 305 days of lactation. Estimates of the variance components and genetic parameters were carried out by the Bayesian inference method, applying Gibbs sampling. Single chains of 2,000,000 iterations were used, with sampling discards of the first 5000 chains and a sampling period of every 50 iterations. The deviation of information criteria (DIC) was used to evaluate the best transformation for standardization of the SCC data, comparing analysis 1 (milk production traits over 305 days and SCC1) with analysis 2 (milk production traits over 305 days and SCC2). According to the data structure of this study, SCC1 normalization was the most efficient method and produced better estimates than normalization by the SCC2 method. The heritability estimates for SCC were low regardless of the transformation method used, indicating a small possibility of expressive genetic gains from the direct selection of these traits. However, the repeatability indicated the potential for increasing heritability estimates if the effects of the permanent environment were reduced. The genetic correlations between the milk yield and SCC traits do not indicate the possibility of a correlated genetic gain from the direct selection of one trait. However, concomitant selection for milk production traits and SCC will likely not affect the individual response either.

3.
Zygote ; 25(3): 256-264, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28300526

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of different concentrations of BMP4 on activation, development and mRNA expression of GDF9, BMP15, PCNA, Bax and Bcl2 in cultured bovine follicles enclosed in ovarian tissues. Ovarian tissue fragments were cultured for 6 days in α-MEM+ alone or supplemented with different concentrations of BMP4 (10, 50 or 100 ng/ml). Classical histology was performed to analyze follicle growth and morphology, while real-time PCR was used to analyze mRNA levels in fresh and cultured tissues. After 6 days, the culture of ovarian tissue in α-MEM+ alone or supplemented with 10, 50 or 100 ng/ml BMP4 promoted follicular activation. The different concentrations of BMP4 maintained the percentage of normal follicles similar to results of the control. The presence of 100 ng/ml BMP-4 in culture medium increased oocyte and follicular diameters of primary and secondary follicles when compared with those follicles from uncultured control or cultured in α-MEM+ alone (P < 0.05). The tissues cultured in the presence of increasing concentrations of BMP4 had an increase in mRNA expression of the tested genes, but despite this the differences were not statistically significant. In conclusion, 100 ng/ml BMP4 promotes an increase in diameters of follicles and oocytes of primary and secondary follicles after 6 days of in vitro culture.


Assuntos
Proteína Morfogenética Óssea 4/farmacologia , Folículo Ovariano/efeitos dos fármacos , Folículo Ovariano/fisiologia , Ovário/citologia , Técnicas de Cultura de Tecidos/métodos , Animais , Proteína Morfogenética Óssea 15/genética , Bovinos , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Fator 9 de Diferenciação de Crescimento/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/genética , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2/genética
4.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 34(8): 728-732, Aug. 2014. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-723189

RESUMO

O presente estudo teve como objetivo determinar a ocorrência da infecção por Cryptosporidium spp. em cabritos de Quixadá, Ceará, Brasil. Participaram do estudo 400 cabritos, com idade entre três e 360 dias, de ambos os sexos, com e sem padrão racial definido, procedentes de 25 estabelecimentos rurais distribuídos em três circuitos. As fezes foram cadastradas de acordo com o aspecto e cor, distribuídas em tubos tipo "eppendorf®" e congeladas in natura a -20°C, até o momento das extrações de DNA genômico do parasito com auxílio de kit comercial. Para amplificação de fragmentos da subunidade 18S do RNA ribossômico (rRNA) foi utilizada a "Nested"-PCR. A ocorrência de Cryptosporidium spp em cabritos de Quixadá foi de 7,50% (30/400). A frequência no período seco e no chuvoso foi de 9,55% (19/199) e 5,47% (11/201), respectivamente (χ²=2,39 e P>0,05). Amostras positivas foram identificadas em 64,00% (16/25) das propriedades estudadas e dessas amostras 50,00% (15/30) e 70,00% (21/30) tinham as fezes com aspecto e cor normais, respectivamente, sugerindo que cabritos assintomáticos estão eliminando oocistos. Não foi observada positividade para Cryptosporidium spp. em animais com 301 a 360 dias, demonstrando que animais mais velhos apresentam menos possibilidade de se infectarem com o parasito...


The present study aimed to determine the occurrence of infection by Cryptosporidium spp. in goat kids from Quixadá, Ceará, Brazil. The study included 400 goat kids of both sexes, 3 to 360 days old, with or without defined breed, originating from 25 farms distributed in three circuits. Feces were registered in accordance with the appearance and color, distributed into tubes Eppendorf tubes and frozen in natura at-20°C until the moment of extraction of genomic DNA from the parasite with the aid of a commercial kit. For amplification of fragments of the 18S subunit of ribosomal RNA (rRNA) was used to Nested PCR. The occurrence of Cryptosporidium spp. in goats kids of the Quixadá was 7.50% (30/400). The frequency in the dry period and rainy was 9.55% (19/199) and 5.47% (11/201) respectively (χ²=2.39 and P>0.05). Positive samples were identified in 64.00% (16/25) of the studied farms, and from these samples 50.00% (15/30) and 70.00% (21/30) had feces with normal appearance and color respectively, suggesting that the asymptomatic goats were eliminating oocysts. No positivity for Cryptosporidium spp. was observed in 301 to 360-day-old goats, demonstrating that older animals have less chance to become infected with the parasite...


Assuntos
Animais , Cabras/parasitologia , Criptosporidiose/diagnóstico , Criptosporidiose/veterinária , Cryptosporidium/isolamento & purificação , Distribuição por Idade , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/veterinária
5.
Ciênc. rural ; 43(5): 884-889, maio 2013. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-673263

RESUMO

Objetivou-se estimar parâmetros genéticos para características de crescimento em ovinos da raça Somalis Brasileira. Os dados utilizados neste estudo foram provenientes do rebanho da Embrapa Caprinos e Ovinos, localizado na cidade de Sobral - CE. Os dados continham registros de 1.120 animais no arquivo de pedigree. As características analisadas foram: peso ao nascer (PN), peso ao desmame (PD), ganho de peso do nascimento ao desmame (GND) e peso adulto (PA). As estimativas dos componentes de (co)variâncias e os parâmetros genéticos foram obtidos pelo método da Máxima Verossimilhança Restrita não Derivativa (DFREML), utilizando o programa MTDFREML. Nas análises unicaracterística, as herdabilidades foram de magnitude baixa a moderada. As magnitudes das herdabilidades maternas foram todas superiores às herdabilidades diretas. As herdabilidades das análises multicaracterísticas entre PN, PD e GND superaram as análises unicaracterísticas. As correlações genéticas apresentaram grande variação quanto aos seus valores.


The aim of this study was to estimate genetic parameters for growth traits in Somalis Brasileira hair sheep breed. The data used in this study were from the flock of Embrapa Caprinos and Ovinos, located in the city of Sobral - CE, Brazil. Data contained records of 1,120 animals in the pedigree file. The analyzed traits were birth weight (PN), weaning weight (PD), weight gain from birth to weaning (GND) and adult weight (PA). Estimates of (co)variances and genetic parameters were obtained by Derivative Free Restricted Maximum Likelihood Method (DFREML) using the MTDFREML software. The heritabilities were low to moderate in univariate analysis. The maternal heritabilities were higher than direct heritabilities. The heritabilities in multivariate analysis exceeded those in univariate analysis. The values of genetic correlations varied widely.

6.
Genet Mol Biol ; 32(4): 761-70, 2009 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21637451

RESUMO

The genetic parameters for growth, reproductive and maternal traits in a multibreed meat sheep population were estimated by applying the Average Information Restricted Maximum Likelihood method to an animal model. Data from a flock supported by the Programa de Melhoramento Genético de Caprinos e Ovinos de Corte (GENECOC) were used. The traits studied included birth weight (BW), weaning weight (WW), slaughter weight (SW), yearling weight (YW), weight gain from birth to weaning (GBW), weight gain from weaning to slaughter (GWS), weight gain from weaning to yearling (GWY), age at first lambing (AFL), lambing interval (LI), gestation length (GL), lambing date (LD - number of days between the start of breeding season and lambing), litter weight at birth (LWB) and litter weight at weaning (LWW). The direct heritabilities were 0.35, 0.81, 0.65, 0.49, 0.20, 0.15 and 0.39 for BW, WW, SW, YW, GBW, GWS and GWY, respectively, and 0.04, 0.06, 0.10, 0.05, 0.15 and 0.11 for AFL, LI, GL, LD, LWB and LWW, respectively. Positive genetic correlations were observed among body weights. In contrast, there was a negative genetic correlation between GBW and GWS (-0.49) and GBW and GWY (-0.56). Positive genetic correlations were observed between AFL and LI, LI and GL, and LWB and LWW. These results indicate a strong maternal influence in this herd and the presence of sufficient genetic variation to allow mass selection for growth traits. Additive effects were of little importance for reproductive traits, and other strategies are necessary to improve the performance of these animals.

7.
Genet Mol Biol ; 32(3): 484-90, 2009 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21637510

RESUMO

We determined the polymorphism C242T of the aromatase gene (Cyp19) and its allelic frequency, as well as the effect of the variants on productive and reproductive traits in 71 purebred Santa Inês sheep, 13 purebred Brazilian Somali sheep, nine purebred Poll Dorset sheep, and 18 crossbred 1/2 Dorper sheep. The animals were genotyped using the PCR-RFLP technique. The influence of the animal's genotype on its performance or on the performance of its lambs was analyzed by the least square method. Another factor assessed was the importance of the animal's genotype in analysis models for quantitative breeding value estimates, and whether there were differences among the averages of breeding values of animals with different genotypes for this gene. In the sample studied, no AA individuals were observed; the AB and BB frequencies were 0.64 and 0.36, respectively. All Brazilian Somali sheep were of genotype BB. All 1/2 Dorper BB animals presented a lower age at first lambing, and the Santa Inês BB ewes presented a lower lambing interval. In these same genetic groups, AB ewes presented higher litter weight at weaning. This is evidence that BB ewes have a better reproductive performance phenotype, whereas AB ewes present a better maternal ability phenotype. However, in general, animals with genotype AB presented better average breeding values than those with genotype BB.

8.
Genet. mol. biol ; 32(4): 761-770, 2009. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-531801

RESUMO

The genetic parameters for growth, reproductive and maternal traits in a multibreed meat sheep population were estimated by applying the Average Information Restricted Maximum Likelihood method to an animal model. Data from a flock supported by the Programa de Melhoramento Genético de Caprinos e Ovinos de Corte (GENECOC) were used. The traits studied included birth weight (BW), weaning weight (WW), slaughter weight (SW), yearling weight (YW), weight gain from birth to weaning (GBW), weight gain from weaning to slaughter (GWS), weight gain from weaning to yearling (GWY), age at first lambing (AFL), lambing interval (LI), gestation length (GL), lambing date (LD - number of days between the start of breeding season and lambing), litter weight at birth (LWB) and litter weight at weaning (LWW). The direct heritabilities were 0.35, 0.81, 0.65, 0.49, 0.20, 0.15 and 0.39 for BW, WW, SW, YW, GBW, GWS and GWY, respectively, and 0.04, 0.06, 0.10, 0.05, 0.15 and 0.11 for AFL, LI, GL, LD, LWB and LWW, respectively. Positive genetic correlations were observed among body weights. In contrast, there was a negative genetic correlation between GBW and GWS (-0.49) and GBW and GWY (-0.56). Positive genetic correlations were observed between AFL and LI, LI and GL, and LWB and LWW. These results indicate a strong maternal influence in this herd and the presence of sufficient genetic variation to allow mass selection for growth traits. Additive effects were of little importance for reproductive traits, and other strategies are necessary to improve the performance of these animals.

9.
Genet. mol. biol ; 32(3): 484-490, 2009. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-522314

RESUMO

We determined the polymorphism C242T of the aromatase gene (Cyp19) and its allelic frequency, as well as the effect of the variants on productive and reproductive traits in 71 purebred Santa Inês sheep, 13 purebred Brazilian Somali sheep, nine purebred Poll Dorset sheep, and 18 crossbred 1/2 Dorper sheep. The animals were genotyped using the PCR-RFLP technique. The influence of the animal's genotype on its performance or on the performance of its lambs was analyzed by the least square method. Another factor assessed was the importance of the animal's genotype in analysis models for quantitative breeding value estimates, and whether there were differences among the averages of breeding values of animals with different genotypes for this gene. In the sample studied, no AA individuals were observed; the AB and BB frequencies were 0.64 and 0.36, respectively. All Brazilian Somali sheep were of genotype BB. All 1/2 Dorper BB animals presented a lower age at first lambing, and the Santa Inês BB ewes presented a lower lambing interval. In these same genetic groups, AB ewes presented higher litter weight at weaning. This is evidence that BB ewes have a better reproductive performance phenotype, whereas AB ewes present a better maternal ability phenotype. However, in general, animals with genotype AB presented better average breeding values than those with genotype BB.


Assuntos
Animais , Aromatase/efeitos adversos , Ovinos/genética , Brasil , Genótipo , Tamanho da Ninhada de Vivíparos , Ovinos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Polimorfismo Genético , Polimorfismo de Fragmento de Restrição
10.
Braz. j. vet. res. anim. sci ; 41(1): 14-19, jan.-fev. 2004. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-405024

RESUMO

O objetivo deste trabalho foi estudar o efeito da covariância entre os efeitos direto e materno sobre as estimativas dos parâmetros genéticos e nas predições dos valores genéticos, direto e materno, para a característica dias para ganhar 160 kg (D160) na fase pré-desmama. Os parâmetros e as predições dos valores genéticos foram estimados utilizando o aplicativo MTDFREML. O modelo 1 incluiu os efeitos genéticos direto e materno e de ambiente permanente, além do efeito fixo de grupo contemporâneo e da covariável idade da vaca ao parto, assumindo a covariância entre o efeito direto e materno (sigmaam 0); o modelo 2, considerou os mesmos efeitos do modelo 1, mas a covariância entre os efeitos direto e materno foi considerada nula (sigmaam=0). As estimativas de correlação de classificação dos animais pelos valores genético foram realizadas utilizando a correlação de Spearman. As estimativas de herdabilidade direta e materna para D160 foram respectivamente, 0,12 ± 0,01 e 0,09 ± 0,02, sob o modelo 1, e 0,12 ± 0,01 e 0,07 ± 0,02, sob o modelo 2. A correlação genética entre os efeitos direto e materno foi de -0,14 ± 0,12 (modelo 1). A inclusão da covariância entre os efeitos direto e materno nos modelos de análises não alterou a estimativa dos parâmetros genéticos e a classificação dos animais pela ordem dos valores genéticos estimados, quando se considerou toda a população. Entretanto, verificou-se que à medida que diminui a proporção de animais selecionados diminui a correspondência entre a classificação dos animais obtida pelos dois modelos.


Assuntos
Bovinos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Bovinos/genética , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Modelos Estatísticos
11.
Braz. j. vet. res. anim. sci ; 39(5): 254-259, 2002. ilus, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-337565

RESUMO

The present work investigated the efficiency of 0.9 percent saline solution and Phosphate Buffered Saline (PBS) in the preservation of goat preantral follicles in situ at different temperatures and incubation times. The ovarian pair of each animal was divided into 19 fragments. One ovarian fragment was taken randomly and fixed (control). The other 18 fragments were randomly distributed in tubes containing 0.9 percent saline solution or PBS at 4, 20 or 39 ºC for 4, 12 or 24 h. A total of 5,921 preantral follicles were examined. The quality of preantral follicles was evaluated by classical histology. The storage of ovarian fragments in 0.9 percent saline solution or PBS at 4 ºC did not reduce significantly the percentage of morphologically normal follicles when compared with the control, except after preservation in 0.9 percent saline solution for 24 h. The storage of ovarian fragments at 20 or 39°C reduced the percentage of normal preantral follicles when compared to the control, except after preservation in PBS at 20°C for 4 h. In conclusion, this study showed for the first time that goat preantral follicles can be stored in situ successfully at 4 ºC in 0.9 percent saline solution for 12 h and in PBS for 24 h, and at 20 ºC in PBS for 4 h


Assuntos
Cabras
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...