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1.
Ann Oncol ; 31(3): 334-351, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32067677

RESUMO

The most recent version of the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) Clinical Practice Guidelines for the diagnosis, treatment and follow-up of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) was published in 2018, and covered the diagnosis, management, treatment and follow-up of early, intermediate and advanced disease. At the ESMO Asia Meeting in November 2018 it was decided by both the ESMO and the Taiwan Oncology Society (TOS) to convene a special guidelines meeting immediately after the Taiwan Joint Cancer Conference (TJCC) in May 2019 in Taipei. The aim was to adapt the ESMO 2018 guidelines to take into account both the ethnic and the geographic differences in practice associated with the treatment of HCC in Asian patients. These guidelines represent the consensus opinions reached by experts in the treatment of patients with intermediate and advanced/relapsed HCC representing the oncology societies of Taiwan (TOS), China (CSCO), India (ISMPO) Japan (JSMO), Korea (KSMO), Malaysia (MOS) and Singapore (SSO). The voting was based on scientific evidence, and was independent of the current treatment practices, the drug availability and reimbursement situations in the individual participating Asian countries.

2.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(2): 740-748, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32016977

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Recently, breast cancer (BC) has become a common tumor that threatens the physical and mental health of women. Microribonucleic acids (miRNAs) have been chosen as a study object because of their roles in various cancers, including BC. Here, we mainly study the role of miR-15b in BC progression and its underlying mechanism. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Quantitative Real Time-Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR) was performed to examine the level of MiR-15b expression in 60 pairs of BC tissues and para-cancerous specimens, and the relationship between MiR-15b level and clinical features of BC patient prognosis was analyzed. MiR-15b and PAQR3 level in BC tissues and cells was tested by Western blot. RESULTS: The results showed that miR-15b expression was higher and PAQR3 level was lower in BC. The identification of PAQR3 as a target of miR-15b in BC was carried out by Luciferase reporter assay and the results stated that the Luciferase activity was reduced by miR-15b mimic, indicating PAQR3 being a target of miR-15b in BC. Transwell assay was used for examining BC cell migration and invasion and found that miR-15b could promote BC cell migration and invasion, while the effect of PAQR3 was inhibition. Furthermore, PAQR3 could reverse the promotion effect of miR-15b on BC cell migratory and invasive ability. In addition, miR-15b expression was negatively correlated with PAQR3 performed by regression analysis. CONCLUSIONS: Our data stated that miR-15b could facilitate BC progression via repressing tumor suppressor PAQR3, indicating that miR-15b/PAQR3 axis provided a therapeutic target for treating BC.

4.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 99(46): 3603-3607, 2019 Dec 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31826579

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinical and imaging characteristics of acute histoplasmosis. Methods: The clinical and imaging data of 10 patients with acute histoplasmosis were studied. Their clinical and imaging characteristics were analyzed. All the patients returned from a South American republic in April 2019 and were treated at the Chongqing public health medical treatment center. Results: All the 10 patients were male, aged 30-56 years old, with an average age of 43.8 years old. Four of them were engaged in soil clearing, 2 in gas cutting, 2 in moving tools, and 2 in inspection. The disease in all the 10 patients was caused by inhaling a large amount of bacteria-bearing dust in a short time, with an incubation period of 9-13 days, and the main clinical manifestations were fever, insomnia, dizziness, headache, cough, poor appetite, rash and diarrhea. One patient's head CT showed extensive thickening and increased density of bilateral frontotemporal, parietal and occipital meninges, while the other 9 patients showed no obvious abnormalities. Chest CT findings were as follows: (1) Multiple nodular shadow: the chest CT findings of 4 patients were miliary nodular shadow with diffuse distribution in both lungs. Most of the nodules were less than 5 mm in diameter and distributed evenly or unevenly. CT findings of 6 cases showed scattered nodular shadows in both lungs, with diameters ranging from 2 to 15 mm, and obvious distribution in subpleural and inferior lobes of both lungs. (2) Consolidation shadow: in 2 cases, the size of the shadow was uneven and the density increased, mainly distributed in the subpleura and the lower lobe of both lungs. (3) Ground glass density shadow: mainly distributed around nodules, halo signs can be seen around some nodules. (4) Mediastinum and/or hilar lymph nodes were enlarged. (5) Pleural effusion: a small amount of pleural effusion was found in 4 cases. (6) Pericardial effusion in 3 cases. Abdominal CT showed splenomegaly in 8 cases and hepatomegaly in 1 case. Conclusions: Acute histoplasmosis has no specificity in clinical manifestations. However, there are still some features in CT manifestations, including multiple nodules in both lungs accompanied by halo, enlarged liver, spleen and mediastinal lymph nodes, and multiple serous cavity effusions.


Assuntos
Histoplasmose , Derrame Pleural , Adulto , Humanos , Pulmão , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tórax , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
5.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 48(12): 921-927, 2019 Dec 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31818064

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the consistency of ALK Ventana-D5F3 immunohistochemistry (IHC) interpretation in Chinese lung adenocarcinoma among histopathologists from different hospitals, and to recommend solution for the problems found during the interpretation of ALK IHC in real world, with the aim of the precise selection of patients who can benefit from ALK targeted therapy. Methods: This was a multicenter and retrospective study. A total of 109 lung adenocarcinoma cases with ALK Ventana-D5F3 IHC staining were collected from 31 lung cancer centers in RATICAL research group from January to June in 2018. All cases were scanned into digital imaging with Ventana iSCANcoreo Digital Slide Scanning System and scored by 31 histopathologists from different centers according to ALK binary (positive or negative) interpretation based on its manufacturer's protocol. The cases with high inconsistency rate were further analyzed using FISH/RT-PCR/NGS. Results: There were 49 ALK positive cases and 60 ALK negative cases, confirmed by re-evaluation by the specialist panel. Two cases (No. 2302 and No.2701) scored as positive by local hospitals were rescored as negative, and were confirmed to be negative by RT-PCR/FISH/NGS. The false interpretation rate of these two cases was 58.1% (18/31) and 48.4% (15/31), respectively. Six out of 31 (19.4%) pathologists got 100% accuracy. The minimum consistency between every two pathologists was 75.8%.At least one pathologist gave negative judgement (false negative) or positive judgement (false positive) in the 49 positive or 60 negative cases, accounted for 26.5% (13/49), 41.7% (25/60), respectively, with at least one uncertainty interpretation accounted for 31.2% (34/109). Conclusion: There are certain heterogeneities and misclassifications in the real world interpretation of ALK-D5F3 IHC test, which need to be guided by the oncoming expert consensus based on the real world data.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/diagnóstico , Quinase do Linfoma Anaplásico/genética , Imuno-Histoquímica , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Patologistas , Estudos Retrospectivos
6.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 23(24): 10976-10981, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31858567

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects of long non-coding ribonucleic acid (lncRNA) Gm4419 on rats with hypertensive cerebral atherosclerosis through the nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) pathway. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Healthy male rats were selected and randomly divided into control group, model group (hypertensive cerebral atherosclerosis model), and lncRNA group (hypertensive cerebral atherosclerosis model + lncRNA injection). Neurological deficit scoring criteria, flow cytometry, Western blotting, and staining method were adopted to measure the differences in the neurological function score, NF-κB activity, and chemerin level of rats in the three groups. RESULTS: The neurological scores revealed that the neurological function of rats was not damaged in control group, while it was severely damaged in model group. However, the neurological function of rats was more severely damaged in lncRNA group than that in control group and model group, while the neurological function deficits were slighter in model group. In terms of NF-κB expression activity in mononuclear cells, the serum activity of NF-κB in control group appeared the lowest among the three groups and was significantly higher in lncRNA group than in model group. The serum chemerin level was evidently increased in model group compared with control group, while it was significantly decreased in lncRNA group compared with model group and control group. Moreover, the levels of NF-κB and chemerin were most evidently influenced in lncRNA group. CONCLUSIONS: Activating the NF-κB signal, lncRNA Gm4419 promotes the expression of chemerin signal, accelerates the apoptosis of nerve cells, and motivates the deterioration of hypertensive cerebral arteriosclerosis.

7.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 51(6): 1130-1137, 2019 Dec 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31848517

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects from the thread shapes of custom-made root-analogue implant (RAI) on distributions of von Mises stress around the peri-implant bone. METHODS: Five one-stage RAI three-dimensional finite element (FE) models with different thread shapes (V-shaped design, square design, buttress design, reverse buttress design and none thread design) and congruent bone were created through reverse engineering technology. The data of the five models were imported into the FE analysis software to calculate. A force of 100 N was applied parallelly and of 45° to the implant axis respectively. Analysis was performed to evaluate the von Mises stress distributions at the peri-implant regions with the help of the Ansys 16 software. RESULTS: The von Mises stresses distributed mostly at the implant cervical regions and the tip ends of the threads on the cortical bone under oblique loading, while on the cancellous bone, the stresses concentrated mostly on the implant lateral cervical regions, the tip ends of the threads and the apical regions. When under vertical loading, the von Mises stresses distributed mostly at the implant cervical regions on the cortical bone while at the tip ends of the threads and the lateral apical regions on the cancellous bone. The von Mises stresses were better distributed on the thread groups under both kinds of loadings compared with no thread design. But there was no obvious difference among the different thread groups. The concentrations of the von Mises stresses on the cancellous bone in the thread groups were mostly at the tip ends of the threads while less in the apical area. The von Mises stresses were better distributed on the cancellous bone on the other three thread designs than on square design. CONCLUSION: Thread designs are advocated for the reason that adding thread designs to the RAI standard design will have a positive effect on stress distributions at the peri-implant regions and it will reduce the concentrations of von Mises stresses on the cortical bone. From the standpoint of the stress distribution, V-shaped design, buttress design and reverse buttress design are more suitable for RAI than square design. There is no difference of the distributions of the von Mises stresses in the RAI between different thread designs.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Planejamento de Prótese Dentária , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Simulação por Computador , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Software , Estresse Mecânico
8.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 35(12): 833-838, 2019 Dec 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31877603

RESUMO

The " exploration of treatment technology of chronic wound with sinus tract supported by endoscope and related auxiliary methods" study had been conducted by Wound Healing Center of Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine. The feasibility and effectiveness of this technique have been confirmed, and good clinic results have been achieved. In order to further promote the new technology and its related research, the theoretical knowledge and technical experience accumulated in the early stage are summarized as diagnosis and treatment standard for treatment with endoscopy technique in chronic wounds with sinus tract, including four parts: the applicable subjects, the diagnosis and treatment procedures and classification criteria, the healing criteria, and the risk assessment and prevention measures. The purpose of this standard is to facilitate the application of standardized endoscopy technique, to make the most of its technological advantages, prevent risks, and provide a reference for the official version of the diagnosis and treatment standard.


Assuntos
Endoscopia , Cicatrização , China , Humanos , Inflamação
10.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 31(5): 459-462, 2019 Oct 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31713371

RESUMO

The construction of Yangtze River Economic Belt has been included in the national strategy of China, aiming to improve the economic level of the whole population, and to build a green ecological corridor with the joint development of economy, balance, ecology and equity. Yangtze River Economic Belt is the main area where schistosomiasis is endemic. During the economic construction, the prevention and control of schistosomiasis should be strictly carried out to facilitate the progress towards schistosomiasis elimination in China. In this paper, the endemic situation of schistosomiasis in Yangtze River Economic Belt areas and the possible impact on the schistosomiasis control were analyzed. In addition, a few suggestions were proposed for schistosomiasis control in Yangtze River Economic Belt areas.


Assuntos
Economia , Rios , Esquistossomose , Animais , China , Ecologia , Humanos , Esquistossomose/prevenção & controle , Caramujos
11.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 31(5): 463-467, 2019 Sep 27.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31713372

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To understand the situation of Schistosoma japonicum infections in wild animals in transmission-controlled schistosomiasis-endemic areas in Jiangxi Province, so as to provide scientific evidence for implementing precision control interventions and achieving the goal of transmission interruption and elimination of schistosomiasis. METHODS: Five endemic villages from Ruichang City and Pengze County that were heavily endemic for schistosomiasis in Jiangxi Province, were selected as the study villages. Wild animals like wild mice were captured, and the livers of wild animals were purchased from the snail habitats in the study villages for detection of S. japonicum infections. In the study villages, S. japonicum human infections were screened using indirect hemagglutination assay (IHA) followed by parasitological examinations with miracidial hatching test and Kato-Katz method, and the S. japonicum infection in livestock was tested using a miracidial hatching test with a plastic tube. In addition, snail survey was conducted in the study villages by means of systematic sampling combined with environmental sampling, and the S. japonicum infection in snails was detected using a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay. RESULTS: A total of 240 liver specimens were sampled or purchased from 5 species of wild animals in the study villages, including wild mice, weasels, pigs, deer and rabbits. A total of 172 wild mice were captured, with a 2.91% rate of S. japonicum infection, and there was no S. japonicum infection detected in other wild animals. The prevalence of Capillaria hepatica infection was 12.21%, 1.96% and 12.50% in wild mice, deer and pigs, respectively. In addition, there was no S. japonicum infection found in either humans or livestock in the study villages, and the mean snail density varied from 0.13 to 0.80 snails/0.1 m2 in the study villages. LAMP assay detected S. japonicum infection in 2 tubes in a study village. CONCLUSIONS: The role of wild animals in schistosomiasis transmission and their potential risks can not be neglected in hilly schistosomiasis-endemic areas of Jiangsu Province after transmission control. Intensified surveillance and targeted control measures should be implemented to consolidate schistosomiasis control achievements.


Assuntos
Animais Selvagens , Schistosoma japonicum , Esquistossomose Japônica , Animais , Animais Selvagens/parasitologia , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Fígado/parasitologia , Camundongos , Densidade Demográfica , Prevalência , Coelhos , Esquistossomose Japônica/epidemiologia , Esquistossomose Japônica/prevenção & controle , Caramujos/fisiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Suínos
12.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 31(5): 519-521, 2019 Oct 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31713383

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To understand the epidemic trend of schistosomiasis in China from 2010 to 2017 so as to provide the scientific evidence for schistosomiasis elimination. METHODS: The information of schistosomiasis control nationwide from 2010 to 2017 was collected, including the endemic of population, status of livestock control, and Oncomelania hupensis snail control. Microsoft Excel was applied for datum management and analysis. RESULTS: From 2010 to 2017, the epidemic of schistosomiasis in China dropped significantly. The decreasing amplitude of estimated number of patients nationwide was 88.46%. Seventy-one acute schistosomiasis patients were reported and 12.68% (9/71) of them were imported. The decreasing rate of cultivated cattle was 50.09%, and the accumulative number of schistosome-infected cattle was 17 239, and the average positive rate of stool examinations decreased from 1.04% to 0.000 22%. The area with snails nationwide was 373 596.18 to 363 068.95 hm2, and the new detected area with snails was 46.71 to 1 346.73 hm2. The area with schistosome-infected snails was 171.68 hm2 in 2012 and it was 9.25 hm2 in 2013. In 72 key monitoring points of 7 endemic provinces, there were 17 schistosome positive points of water body in 2010 and 6 points in 2016. There were some high risk-factors related to schistosomiasis transmission including schisto-some-infected cattle, dogs, and field rats, and the field stools, and the pasture in the area with snails in schistosomiasis monitoring points. CONCLUSIONS: The endemic status of schistosomiasis in China has dropped significantly, and the transmission level is very low. However, the infectious source and risk factors in the endemic environments have not be eliminated. Therefore, the infectious source control, health education, snail control, and transmission monitoring should be strengthened, so as to promote the progress of schistosomiasis elimination.


Assuntos
Doenças Endêmicas , Esquistossomose , Animais , Bovinos , China/epidemiologia , Cães , Doenças Endêmicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Fezes , Humanos , Ratos , Schistosoma , Esquistossomose/epidemiologia , Caramujos
13.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 35(9): 645-654, 2019 Sep 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31594182

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate whether adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) from allogeneic diabetic rats can promote wound healing in diabetic rats or not and the mechanism. Methods: (1) Fifty-six male Wistar rats aged 12-16 weeks were divided into diabetic group and healthy group according to the random number table (the same grouping method below), with 28 rats in each group. Rats in healthy group were not treated with any treatment. Rats in diabetic group were injected with 10 g/L streptozotocin 60 mg/kg intraperitoneally in one time to establish the diabetic model. Four rats in diabetic group and 4 rats in healthy group were selected according to the random number table, and the adipose tissue in the inguinal region was taken to culture and purify ASCs, so as to obtain healthy rat-derived ASCs (hereinafter referred to as nASCs) and diabetic rat-derived ASCs (hereinafter referred to as dASCs). The third passage of nASCs (n=3) and dASCs (n=3) were taken, and the positive expression rates of cell surface differentiation antigens CD105, CD31, CD34, and CD44 were detected with flow cytometer for defining ASCs purity. (2) The rest 24 rats in healthy group and 24 rats in diabetic group were used to make three round full-thickness skin defect wounds with a diameter of 12 mm on the back of each rat. Immediately after injury, phosphate buffer saline (PBS), nASCs of 2×10(7)/mL, and dASCs of 2×10(7)/mL each in the volume of 0.5 mL were subcutaneously injected into three wounds and their margins of each rat, respectively. On post injury day (PID) 1, 3, 7, and 12, 6 rats in each group were selected according to the random number table to calculate the wound area, and the wound tissue was stained with hematoxylin-eosin to observe the histological morphology of the wound. (3) Human ASCs (hASCs) were subcultured, and the 4th to 7th passage of cells were used for the subsequent experiments. The hASCs were divided into 7 groups, with 12 samples in each group. Cells in blank control group were cultured with mesenchymal stem cell culture medium, and cells in simple advanced glycation end products (AGEs) group, simple protein group, simple high glucose group, simple high osmotic pressure group, AGEs-high glucose combination group, and protein-high osmotic pressure combination group were cultured with mesenchymal stem cell culture medium containing a final mass concentration of 100 mg/L AGEs, 100 mg/L bovine serum albumin (BSA), 28 mmol/L D-glucose, 28 mmol/L mannitol, 100 mg/L AGEs+ 28 mmol/L D-glucose, 100 mg/L BSA+ 28 mmol/L mannitol, respectively. Cell proliferation was detected by cell counting kit 8 at post culture hour (PCH) 2 and on post culture day (PCD) 2, 4 and 6. (4) The hASCs were divided into blank control group, simple AGE group, simple high glucose group, and AGE-high glucose combination group, with 12 samples in each group, which were treated the same as corresponding groups in experiment (3). On PCD 0, 2, 4, and 6, the positive expression rates of cell surface differentiation antigens CD105, CD44, and CD45 were detected by flow cytometer to estimate their homeostasis. (5) The hASCs were divided into AGE-high glucose combination group and protein-high osmotic pressure combination group, with 9 samples in each group, which were treated the same as corresponding groups in experiment (3). On PCD 2, 4, and 6, the expression of intracellular protein was detected by cyanine 3-streptavidin double-antibody sandwich technique. Data were processed with analysis of variance for factorial design, least significant difference test, and Bonferroni correction. Results: (1) The positive expression rates of CD44 in nASCs and dASCs were both higher than 96%, the positive expression rates of CD31 and CD34 were low, and the positive expression rates of CD105 were about 40%, which basically met the purity requirements. (2) The areas of wounds treated by three methods in rats of healthy group and diabetic group were similar on PID 1 (P>0.05). In healthy group, compared with (0.682 1±0.078 9), (0.314 3±0.113 7), and (0.064 3±0.002 1) cm(2) of the PBS-treated wounds in rats, the area of nASCs-treated wounds in rats decreased significantly on PID 3, 7, and 12 [(0.464 1±0.092 6), (0.223 9±0.072 7), and (0.034 3±0.012 5) cm(2), P<0.05], the area of dASCs-treated wounds in rats decreased significantly on PID 3 and 12 [(0.514 1±0.124 1) and (0.043 7±0.032 8) cm(2), P<0.05] but was not obviously changed on PID 7 [(0.274 2±0.062 5) cm(2), P>0.05]. Compared with those of the dASCs-treated wounds of rats within the same group, the area of the nASCs-treated wounds of rats in healthy group decreased significantly on PID 3 and 7 (P<0.05) but was not obviously changed on PID 12 (P>0.05). In diabetic group, compared with (0.853 5±0.204 8), (0.670 5±0.164 8), and (0.131 4±0.074 4) cm(2) of the PBS-treated wounds in rats, the area of nASCs-treated wounds in rats decreased significantly on PID 3, 7, and 12 [(0.633 4±0.132 5), (0.331 8±0.023 5), and (0.074 2±0.003 8) cm(2), P<0.05], the area of dASCs-treated wounds in rats decreased significantly on PID 3 [(0.773 6±0.182 2) cm(2), P<0.05] but was not obviously changed on PID 7 and 12 [(0.510 6±0.192 2) and (0.114 4±0.003 1) cm(2), P>0.05]. Compared with the dASCs-treated wounds of rats within the same group, the area of the nASCs-treated wounds of rats in diabetic group was not obviously changed on PID 3 and 7 (P>0.05) but decreased significantly on PID 12 (P<0.05). There was no obvious difference in histological morphology of the wounds treated with three methods in rats of each group on PID 1. On PID 3, a small amount of microvessels were formed in the wounds treated with nASCs and dASCs of rats in both groups, but microvessel formation was almost undetected in the PBS-treated wounds. On PID 7, more small blood vessels and fibroblasts (Fbs) were observed in the wounds treated with nASCs and dASCs of rats in both groups, but the small blood vessels and Fbs were slightly less in the PBS-treated wounds. On PID 12, the wounds treated with nASCs and dASCs of rats in the two groups were covered by epithelial tissue, the granulation tissue in the PBS-treated wounds of rats in healthy group was not obvious, and the PBS-treated wounds of rats in diabetic group were not completely epithelialized. (3) Compared with those of blank control group, the cell number of hASCs in simple AGEs group decreased significantly on PCD 2, 4, and 6 (P<0.05), which increased significantly on PCD 2 and 4 in simple high glucose group (P<0.05), and that in AGEs-high glucose combination group decreased significantly on PCD 4 and 6 (P<0.05). (4) Compared with that on PCD 4 within the same group, the positive expression rate of CD105 in hASCs decreased significantly in blank control group, simple AGEs group, and AGEs-high glucose combination group on PCD 6 (P<0.05). The positive expression rate of CD44 was higher than 95%, and that of CD45 was less than 2% in hASCs of each group at each time point. (5) Detection values of 7 proteins were located in the confidence interval. The expression levels of basic fibroblast growth factor and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 in hASCs of AGEs-high glucose combination group and protein-high osmotic pressure combination group showed increasing trend with the prolongation of culture time. The expression level of human monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1) in hASCs of AGEs-high glucose combination group showed increasing trend with the prolongation of culture time, while the expression level of growth-regulated oncogene (GRO) on PCD 6 was significantly higher than that on PCD 4 within the same group (P<0.05); the expression levels of MCP-1 and GRO in hASCs of protein-high osmotic pressure combination group showed decreasing trend with the prolongation of culture time. The expression level of follistatin in hASCs of protein-high osmotic pressure combination group decreased obviously on PCD 4, while that in hASCs of AGEs-high glucose combination group was significantly lower on PCD 6 than that on PCD 4 (P<0.05). The expression level of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in hASCs of protein-high osmotic pressure combination group decreased gradually with the prolongation of culture time, while that in hASCs of AGEs-high glucose combination group on PCD 4 decreased significantly as compared with that on PCD 2 (P<0.05). The expression level of urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor in hASCs of protein-high osmotic pressure combination group on PCD 6 was significantly higher than that on PCD 4 within the same group (P<0.05) and that of AGEs-high glucose combination group on PCD 6 (P<0.05). Conclusions: Both nASCs and dASCs can promote wound healing in rats with simple defect injury, but dASCs have no significant effect on wound healing in rats with diabetes mellitus, which may be related to the inhibition of ASCs proliferation and the influence of high glucose and AGEs intervention on their homeostasis and secretory function.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/terapia , Transplante de Células-Tronco , Células-Tronco/citologia , Cicatrização , Tecido Adiposo/citologia , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/complicações , Humanos , Masculino , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
14.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 40(8): 976-981, 2019 Aug 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484264

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the association of both maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and gestational weight gain (GWG) with childhood overweight and adiposity in preschool children. Methods: A total of 4 303 preschool children aged 3-5 years were enrolled in our study during June and November 2016 in Guangzhou. Children defined as overweight and obesity were according to the criteria of WHO while weight status during maternal pre-pregnancy was using the China Adult Reference. Gestational weight gain was defined according to the Institute of Medicine guidelines. Results: After adjusting the possible confounding factors, results from the logistic regression analysis showed that both maternal pre-pregnancy overweight and obesity would increase the risk for both childhood overweight and obesity (OR=1.820, 95%CI: 1.368-2.422). The analysis of covariance results also showed that both maternal overweight and obesity before pregnancy and excessive maternal weight gain during pregnancy increased the BMI Z-score in children. Maternal GWG over the recommended level were associated with both the childhood overweight and obesity (OR=1.296, 95%CI: 1.007-1.667). Joint associations of pre-pregnancy BMI and inappropriate GWG were also noticed in the study. Stratified analysis was conducted in three groups according to the pre-pregnancy BMI of the mothers. Result showed that there was no statistical difference in the risks of either overweight or obesity in children (P>0.05). However, when compared to mothers with adequate pre-pregnancy higher BMI and adequate GWG, under the combination of high pre-pregnancy BMI and excessive GWG, their adverse effects on childhood overweight and obesity were much higher (OR=1.574, 95%CI: 1.029-2.409). Conclusions: Both high pre-pregnancy BMI and inappropriate GWG were associated with greater BMI of their offspring. Pregnant women should follow the appropriate weight gain program and help their children to prevent from becoming obese.


Assuntos
Índice de Massa Corporal , Ganho de Peso na Gestação , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Obesidade Pediátrica/epidemiologia , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Sobrepeso/etnologia , Obesidade Pediátrica/etnologia , Gravidez
15.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 47(8): 595-601, 2019 Aug 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31434429

RESUMO

Objectives: This study explored the relationship between weight control and atrial fibrillation (AF) recurrence after catheter ablation in overweight and obese patients. Methods: We prospectively enrolled consecutive 333 overweight and obese patients aged 28 to 87 years old, who underwent catheter ablation for AF in Beijing Anzhen Hospital between October 2015 and February 2016. Data of patients' characteristics, laboratory examination and treatment were collected at baseline. Each patient was followed up at 3, 6 and 12 months after ablation to collect information on weight, AF recurrence, stroke, major bleeding, hospitalization for cardiovascular reasons and death, etc. Patients were divided into weight controlled group (ΔBMI<-1 kg/m(2)) and weight uncontrolled group (ΔBMI≥-1 kg/m(2)), according to the changes in the most recent exposure BMI before AF recurrence in patients with recurrence or the BMI at 12 months' follow-up in patients without recurrence and the BMI at baseline. Multivariate logistic regression was performed to adjust other known risk factors of AF recurrence and to explore the association between weight control and AF recurrence after catheter ablation. Results: There were 54 patients in weight controlled group and 279 patients in weight uncontrolled group. There were no significant differences in age, gender, education level, left atrial size and history of hypertension between the two groups (all P>0.05). The proportion of patients using angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors/angiotensin receptor blockers was higher in the weight controlled group (50.0%(27/54) vs. 34.8%(97/279), P=0.034). However, there was no significant difference in the proportion of patients with obesity (33.3% (18/54) vs. 29.7% (83/279)), paroxysmal AF (59.3% (32/54) vs. 56.6% (158/279)) and AF duration less than 5 years (76.9% (40/52) vs. 65.4% (178/272)) between the weight controlled group and the uncontrolled group. During 1-year follow-up after ablation, the recurrence rate of AF was significantly lower in the weight controlled group than that in the weight uncontrolled group (14.8% (8/54) vs. 32.6%(91/279), P=0.009). Multivariable logistic regression analysis shows that weight control is independently associated with a lower postoperative AF recurrence rate (OR=0.40, 95%CI 0.18-0.90, P=0.026). Conclusion: Weight control is strongly associated with a lower AF recurrence rate after catheter ablation in overweight and obese patients.


Assuntos
Apêndice Atrial , Fibrilação Atrial , Ablação por Cateter , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade , Sobrepeso , Recidiva , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Comput Struct Biotechnol J ; 17: 854-861, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31321001

RESUMO

Thyroid Hormone Receptor Interacting Protein 13 (TRIP13) plays a key role in regulating mitotic processes, including spindle assembly checkpoint and DNA repair pathways, which may account for Chromosome instability (CIN). As CIN is a predominant hallmark of cancer, TRIP13 may act as a tumor susceptibility locus. Amplification of TRIP13 has been observed in various human cancers and implicated in several aspects of malignant transformation, including cancer cell proliferation, drug resistance and tumor progression. Here, we discussed the functional significance of TRIP13 in cell progression, highlighted the recent findings on the aberrant expression in human cancers and emphasized its significance for the therapeutic potential.

18.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 35(6): 441-445, 2019 Jun 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31280537

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the advantages of endoscopy combined with contrast fistulography in the clinical diagnosis and treatment of chronic wound with sinus tract adjacent to body cavity. Methods: Thirty-two patients (14 males and 18 females, aged 17 to 87 years) of chronic wounds with sinus tracts adjacent to body cavity, who underwent endoscopy combined with contrast fistulography (CT or magnetic resonance imaging) for the diagnosis and treatment in the Outpatient Department of Wound Healing Center of our hospital from October 2017 to March 2019, were enrolled in the study. Their diagnosis and treatment results were retrospectively analyzed. The following data were calculated. (1) The incidence rates of sinus wound involving body cavity or fistula. (2) The detection rates of sinus wound involving body cavity detected by routine examination and by endoscopy combined with contrast fistulography. (3) The detection rate of pathological features at deep part of wound by routine examination and by endoscopy combined with contrast fistulography. (4) The proportion of patients who benefited from routine examination and from endoscopy combined with contrast fistulography. Data were processed with paired chi-square test and Fisher's exact probability test. Results: (1) The incidence rate of sinus wound involving body cavity was 43.75% (14/32); the incidence rate of fistula was 0. (2) The detection rate of sinus wound involving body cavity detected by endoscopy combined with contrast fistulography was 43.75% (14/32), which was obviously higher than that by routine examination [12.50% (4/32), χ(2)=32.0, P<0.01]. (3) The detection rate of pathological features at deep part of wound by endoscopy combined with contrast fistulography was 37.50% (12/32), which was obviously higher than that by routine examination (0, P<0.01). (4) The proportion of patients who benefited from endoscopy combined with contrast fistulography was 71.43% (20/28), which was obviously higher than that from routine examination [12.50% (4/32), χ(2)=21.6, P<0.01]. Conclusions: Compared with routine examination, endoscopy combined with contrast fistulography is more accurate in detecting chronic wound with sinus tract adjacent to body cavity. The diagnosis and treatment of chronic wound with sinus tract adjacent to the body cavity can benefit from this joint examination.


Assuntos
Endoscopia , Fístula/diagnóstico por imagem , Seios Paranasais/patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Seios Paranasais/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Cicatrização , Adulto Jovem
19.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 47(6): 471-478, 2019 Jun 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31262132

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effect of NACHT-LRR-PYD- containing proteins 3 (NLRP3) mediated pyroptosis in myocardial cells undergoing hypoxia/deoxygenation (H/R) injury. Methods: In order to observe whether H/R-treatment could cause pyroptosis, H9c2 cells were divided into 2 groups randomly using the lottery method: control group(without H/R-treatment) and H/R group (in which the H9c2 cells were underwent H/R-treatment). In order to clarify the role of pyroptosis in H/R-injury, H9c2 cells were divided into 4 groups randomly using the lottery method: control group(in which the H9c2 cells were cultivated with normal medium); YVAD group(in which the H9c2 cells were pretreated with z-Val-Ala-Asp(Ome)-fluoromethylketone (Z-YVAD-FMK) 20 µm for 4 hours, then replaced with normal medium); H/R group(H9c2 cells underwent H/R-treatment); YVAD+H/R group (in which the H9c2 cells were pretreated with 20 µm Z-YVAD-FMK for 4 hours before H/R-treatment). To determine whether H/R-induced cell pyroptosis is associated with NLRP3, H9c2 cells were divided into 4 groups randomly using the lottery method: control group (in which cells were transfected with a control nonspecific siRNA); si-NLRP3 group (in which cells were transfected with NLRP3-targeting siRNA); H/R group(in which cells were transfected with a control nonspecific siRNA before H/R-treatment); si-NLRP3+H/R group(in which the H9c2 cells were transfected with NLRP3-targeting siRNA before H/R-treatment). Pore formation on cell membrane was detected by propidium iodide (PI) staining. Cell viability was detected by CCK8 reagent. The protein expression of Caspase-1, interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß) and NLRP3 was detected by Western blot. Results: (1) The positive rate of PI staining ((26.46±5.15)% vs. (1.69±0.73)%,P<0.01), expression of NLRP3 (0.57±0.16 vs. 0.23±0.06,P<0.01), expression of Caspase-1 (1.07±0.13 vs. 0.37±0.08,P<0.01), and expression of IL-1ß (0.38±0.08 vs. 0.16±0.05,P<0.01) were significantly higher in H/R group than in control group. (2)The cell vitality was significantly higher in YVAD+H/R group than in H/R group ((87.31±9.05)% vs. (73.30±7.19)%, P<0.05).The positive rate of PI staining was significantly decreased in YVAD+H/R group than in H/R group ((18.12±4.36)% vs. (26.45±4.60)%, P<0.05). The expression of Caspase-1 (0.72±0.12 vs. 1.07±0.15, P<0.05) and IL-1ß(0.29±0.07 vs. 0.39±0.06, P<0.05) were significantly lower in YVAD+H/R group than in H/R group. (3) The cell vitality was significantly increased in si-NLRP3+H/R group than in H/R group ((85.46±7.71)% vs. (72.41±5.53)%, P<0.05). The positive rate of PI staining was significantly lower in si-NLRP3+H/R group than in H/R group ((18.22±4.20)% vs. (26.73±3.26)%, P<0.05). The expression of Caspase-1(0.87±0.07 vs. 1.15±0.15, P<0.05) and IL-1ß(0.41±0.07 vs. 0.58±0.10, P<0.05) were significantly decreased in si-NLRP3+H/R group than in H/R group. Conclusion: NLRP3 mediated pyroptosis is involved in H/R injury of myocardial cells.


Assuntos
Miócitos Cardíacos , Piroptose , Linhagem Celular , Humanos , Hipóxia , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR
20.
Angiogenesis ; 22(4): 491-505, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31256320

RESUMO

Neovascularization of the inner retinal space is a major cause of vision loss. In retinal angiomatous proliferation (RAP) syndrome, newly formed vessels originate from the retinal plexus and invade the inner retinal space. However, the molecular pathways preventing subretinal vascularization remain largely unknown. In most murine models of RAP, pathological neovascularization occurs concomitantly with the development of the retinal vasculature. Here, we demonstrate that disturbing the sequence of morphogenetic events that shape the three-layered retinal vascular network leads to subretinal vascularization. Sprouts emerging from the perivenous region after the first postnatal week extended toward the retinal space where they merged into the deep layer. The small GTPase Rac1 was required for the formation of these vascular extensions and the vascular inner plexus is formed coaxially to the overarching veins. The adhesion receptor Adgrf5 was highly expressed in the endothelium of the central nervous system, where it regulates blood-brain barrier formation. The vascular superficial plexus of Adgrf5 mutant mouse retinae exhibited an increased vascular density in the perivenous areas with increased projections toward the inner plexus where they subsequently created hyper-dense endothelial cells (EC) clusters. Disturbing the perivenous pool of EC thus significantly altered the inner plexus formation. These abnormalities culminated in transient vascular protrusions in the inner retinal space. Taken together, these results reveal a previously unobserved vascular morphogenetic defect in Adgrf5 knockout mice, implicating a role for ADGRF5 in the initiation of subretinal vascularization. Our findings also illustrate how vein-derived EC shape the inner retinal layer formation and could control the appearance of angiomatous malformations.

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