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1.
Phys Rev Lett ; 124(5): 053601, 2020 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32083917

RESUMO

We demonstrate theoretically the bundle emission of n strongly correlated phonons in an acoustic cavity QED system. The mechanism relies on Stokes resonances that generate super-Rabi oscillations between states with a large difference in their number of excitations, which, combined with dissipation, transfer coherently pure n-phonon states outside of the cavity. This process works with close to perfect purity over a wide range of parameters and is tunable optically with well-resolved operation conditions. This broadens the realm of quantum phononics, with potential applications for on-chip quantum information processing, quantum metrology, and engineering of new types of quantum devices, such as optically heralded n-phonon guns.

2.
Opt Lett ; 44(3): 630-633, 2019 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30702696

RESUMO

Mass sensing connects mass variation to a frequency shift of a mechanical oscillator, whose limitation is determined by its mechanical frequency resolution. Here we propose a method to enlarge a minute mechanical frequency shift, which is smaller than the linewidth of the mechanical oscillator, into a huge frequency shift of the normal mode. Explicitly, a frequency shift of about 20 Hz of the mechanical oscillator would be magnified to be a 1 MHz frequency shift in the normal mode, which increases it by 5 orders of magnitude. This enhancement relies on the sensitivity appearing near the quantum critical point of the electromechanical system. We show that a mechanical frequency shift of 1 Hz could be resolved with a mechanical resonance frequency ωb=11×2π MHz. Namely, an ultrasensitive mechanical mass sensor of the resolution Δm/m∼2Δωb/ωb∼10-8 could be achieved. Our method has potential application in mass sensing and other techniques based on the frequency shift of a mechanical oscillator.

3.
Opt Lett ; 43(9): 2050-2053, 2018 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29714743

RESUMO

We propose a scheme to significantly enhance the cross-Kerr (CK) nonlinearity between photons and phonons in a quadratically coupled optomechanical system (OMS) with two-photon driving. This CK nonlinear enhancement originates from the parametric-driving-induced squeezing and the underlying nonlinear optomechanical interaction. Moreover, the noise of the squeezed mode can be suppressed completely by introducing a squeezed vacuum reservoir. As a result of this dramatic nonlinear enhancement and the suppressed noise, we demonstrate the feasibility of the quantum nondemolition measurement of the phonon number in an originally weak coupled OMS. In addition, the photon-phonon blockade phenomenon is also investigated in this regime, which allows for performing manipulations between photons and phonons. This Letter offers a promising route towards the potential application for the OMS in quantum information processing and quantum networks.

4.
Phys Rev Lett ; 120(9): 093601, 2018 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29547303

RESUMO

We propose an experimentally feasible method for enhancing the atom-field coupling as well as the ratio between this coupling and dissipation (i.e., cooperativity) in an optical cavity. It exploits optical parametric amplification to exponentially enhance the atom-cavity interaction and, hence, the cooperativity of the system, with the squeezing-induced noise being completely eliminated. Consequently, the atom-cavity system can be driven from the weak-coupling regime to the strong-coupling regime for modest squeezing parameters, and even can achieve an effective cooperativity much larger than 100. Based on this, we further demonstrate the generation of steady-state nearly maximal quantum entanglement. The resulting entanglement infidelity (which quantifies the deviation of the actual state from a maximally entangled state) is exponentially smaller than the lower bound on the infidelities obtained in other dissipative entanglement preparations without applying squeezing. In principle, we can make an arbitrarily small infidelity. Our generic method for enhancing atom-cavity interaction and cooperativities can be implemented in a wide range of physical systems, and it can provide diverse applications for quantum information processing.

5.
Opt Express ; 25(25): 31718-31729, 2017 Dec 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29245843

RESUMO

We investigate theoretically the model of two "qubits" system (one qubit having an auxiliary level) interacting with a single-mode resonator in the ultrastrong coupling regime. We show that a single photon could simultaneously excite two qubits without breaking the parity symmetry of system by properly encoding the excited states of qubits. The optimal parameter regime for achieving high probability approaching one is identified in the case of ignoring the system dissipation. Moreover, using experimentally feasible parameters, we also analyze the dissipation dynamics of the system, and present the realization of two-qubit excitation induced by single-photon. This work offers an alternative approach to realize the single-photon-induced two qubits excitation, which should advance the development of single-photon quantum technologies and have potential applications in quantum information science.

6.
Sci Rep ; 7(1): 15188, 2017 11 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29123185

RESUMO

The flat band localization, as an important phenomenon in solid state physics, is fundamentally interesting in the exploration of exotic ground property of many-body system. Here we demonstrate the appearance of a flat band in a general bipartite optomechanical lattice, which could have one or two dimensional framework. Physically, it is induced by the hybrid interference between the photon and phonon modes in optomechanical lattice, which is quite different from the destructive interference resulted from the special geometry structure in the normal lattice (e.g., Lieb lattice). Moreover, this novel flat band is controllable and features a special local density of states (LDOS) pattern, which makes it is detectable in experiments. This work offers an alternative approach to control the flat band localization with optomechanical interaction, which may substantially advance the fields of cavity optomechanics and solid state physics.

7.
Opt Express ; 25(15): 17364-17374, 2017 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28789228

RESUMO

The Lieb lattice featuring flat band is not only important in strongly-correlated many-body physics, but also can be utilized to inspire new quantum devices. Here we propose an optomechanical Lieb lattice, where the flat-band physics of photon-phonon polaritons is demonstrated. The tunability of the band structure of the optomechanical arrays allows one to obtain an approximate photon or phonon flat band as well as the transition between them. This ultimately leads to the result that the controllable photon or phonon localization could be realized by the path interference effects. This study offers an alternative approach to explore the exotic photon and phonon many-body effects, which has potential applications in the future hybrid-photon-phonon quantum network and engineering new type solid-state quantum devices.

8.
Phys Rev Lett ; 117(11): 110802, 2016 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27661674

RESUMO

We propose and analyze a new approach based on parity-time (PT) symmetric microcavities with balanced gain and loss to enhance the performance of cavity-assisted metrology. We identify the conditions under which PT-symmetric microcavities allow us to improve sensitivity beyond what is achievable in loss-only systems. We discuss the application of PT-symmetric microcavities to the detection of mechanical motion, and show that the sensitivity is significantly enhanced near the transition point from unbroken- to broken-PT regimes. Our results open a new direction for PT-symmetric physical systems and it may find use in ultrahigh precision metrology and sensing.

9.
Opt Lett ; 41(12): 2676-9, 2016 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27304261

RESUMO

We show that optical solitons can be obtained with a one-dimensional optomechanical array that consists of a chain of periodically spaced identical optomechanical systems. Unlike conventional optical solitons, which originate from nonlinear polarization, the optical soliton here stems from a new mechanism, namely, phonon-photon interaction. Under proper conditions, the phonon-photon induced nonlinearity that refers to the optomechanical nonlinearity will exactly compensate the dispersion caused by photon hopping of adjacent optomechanical systems. Moreover, the solitons are capable of exhibiting very low group velocity, depending on the photon hopping rate, which may lead to many important applications, including all-optical switches and on-chip optical architecture. This work may extend the range of optomechanics and nonlinear optics and provide a new field to study soliton theory and develop corresponding applications.

10.
Opt Express ; 24(6): 5773-83, 2016 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27136775

RESUMO

Sum sideband generation in a generic optomechanical system is discussed in the parameter configuration of optomechanically induced transparency. The nonlinear terms of the optomechanical dynamics are taken account and the features of the sum sideband generation are identified based on the analytical treatment. The nonlinear optomechanical interactions between cavity fields and the mechanical oscillation, which emerging as a new frontier in cavity optomechanics, are responsible for the generation of the frequency components at the sum sideband. We analyze in detail the influences of some parameters, including the pump power of the control field and the frequencies of the probe fields, on the sum sideband generation. The results clearly indicate that sum sideband generation can be significantly enhanced via achieving the matching conditions. The effect of sum sideband generation may be accessible in experiments and have potential application for achieving high precision measurement and on-chip manipulation of light propagation.

11.
Sci Rep ; 6: 22705, 2016 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26948505

RESUMO

We investigate the nonlinear dynamics of a hybrid electro-optomechanical system (EOMS) that allows us to realize the controllable opto-mechanical nonlinearity by driving the microwave LC resonator with a tunable electric field. A controllable optical chaos is realized even without changing the optical pumping. The threshold and lifetime of the chaos could be optimized by adjusting the strength, frequency, or phase of the electric field. This study provides a method of manipulating optical chaos with an electric field. It may offer the prospect of exploring the controllable chaos in on-chip optoelectronic devices and its applications in secret communication.

12.
Phys Rev Lett ; 114(25): 253601, 2015 Jun 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26197125

RESUMO

We demonstrate PT-symmetry-breaking chaos in an optomechanical system, which features an ultralow driving threshold. In principle, this chaos will emerge once a driving laser is applied to the cavity mode and lasts for a period of time. The driving strength is inversely proportional to the starting time of chaos. This originally comes from the dynamical enhancement of nonlinearity by field localization in the PT-symmetry-breaking phase. Moreover, this chaos is switchable by tuning the system parameters so that a PT-symmetry phase transition occurs. This work may fundamentally broaden the regimes of cavity optomechanics and nonlinear optics. It offers the prospect of exploring ultralow-power-laser-triggered chaos and its potential applications in secret communication.

13.
Sci Rep ; 5: 9663, 2015 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26169253

RESUMO

Optomechanically-induced transparency (OMIT) and the associated slowing of light provide the basis for storing photons in nanoscale devices. Here we study OMIT in parity-time (PT)-symmetric microresonators with a tunable gain-to-loss ratio. This system features a sideband-reversed, non-amplifying transparency, i.e., an inverted-OMIT. When the gain-to-loss ratio is varied, the system exhibits a transition from a PT-symmetric phase to a broken-PT-symmetric phase. This PT-phase transition results in the reversal of the pump and gain dependence of the transmission rates. Moreover, we show that by tuning the pump power at a fixed gain-to-loss ratio, or the gain-to-loss ratio at a fixed pump power, one can switch from slow to fast light and vice versa. These findings provide new tools for controlling light propagation using nanofabricated phononic devices.

14.
Phys Rev Lett ; 114(9): 093602, 2015 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25793814

RESUMO

We investigate the nonlinear interaction between a squeezed cavity mode and a mechanical mode in an optomechanical system (OMS) that allows us to selectively obtain either a radiation-pressure coupling or a parametric-amplification process. The squeezing of the cavity mode can enhance the interaction strength into the single-photon strong-coupling regime, even when the OMS is originally in the weak-coupling regime. Moreover, the noise of the squeezed mode can be suppressed completely by introducing a broadband-squeezed vacuum environment that is phase matched with the parametric amplification that squeezes the cavity mode. This proposal offers an alternative approach to control the OMS using a squeezed cavity mode, which should allow single-photon quantum processes to be implemented with currently available optomechanical technology. Potential applications range from engineering single-photon sources to nonclassical phonon states.

15.
Phys Rev Lett ; 113(5): 053604, 2014 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25126921

RESUMO

By exploiting recent developments associated with coupled microcavities, we introduce the concept of the PT-symmetric phonon laser with balanced gain and loss. This is accomplished by introducing gain to one of the microcavities such that it balances the passive loss of the other. In the vicinity of the gain-loss balance, a strong nonlinear relation emerges between the intracavity-photon intensity and the input power. This then leads to a giant enhancement of both optical pressure and mechanical gain, resulting in a highly efficient phonon-lasing action. These results provide a promising approach for manipulating optomechanical systems through PT-symmetric concepts. Potential applications range from enhancing mechanical cooling to designing phonon-laser amplifiers.

16.
Sci Rep ; 3: 2943, 2013 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24126279

RESUMO

We investigate a hybrid electro-optomechanical system that allows us to realize controllable strong Kerr nonlinearities even in the weak-coupling regime. We show that when the controllable electromechanical subsystem is close to its quantum critical point, strong photon-photon interactions can be generated by adjusting the intensity (or frequency) of the microwave driving field. Nonlinear optical phenomena, such as the appearance of the photon blockade and the generation of nonclassical states (e.g., Schrödinger cat states), are demonstrated in the weak-coupling regime, making the observation of strong Kerr nonlinearities feasible with currently available optomechanical technology.

17.
Opt Lett ; 38(3): 353-5, 2013 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23381435

RESUMO

We analyze the features of the output field of a generic optomechanical system that is driven by a control field and a nanosecond driven pulse, and find a robust high-order sideband generation in optomechanical systems. The typical spectral structure, plateau and cutoff, confirms the nonperturbative nature of the effect, which is similar to high-order harmonic generation in atoms or molecules. Based on the phenomenon, we show that the carrier-envelope phase of laser pulses that contain huge numbers of cycles can cause profound effects.

18.
Phys Rev E Stat Nonlin Soft Matter Phys ; 85(1 Pt 2): 016602, 2012 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22400690

RESUMO

Cylindrical nonlinear optics is a burgeoning research area which describes cylindrical electromagnetic wave propagation in nonlinear media. Finding new exact solutions for different types of nonlinearity and inhomogeneity to describe cylindrical electromagnetic wave propagation is of great interest and meaningful for theory and application. This paper gives exact solutions for the cylindrical nonlinear Maxwell equations and presents an interesting connection between the exact solutions for different cylindrical nonlinear Maxwell equations. We also provide some examples and discussion to show the application of the results we obtained. Our results provide the basis for solving complex systems of nonlinearity and inhomogeneity with simple systems.

19.
Opt Express ; 17(16): 14298-311, 2009 Aug 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19654838

RESUMO

A simple scheme is proposed to generate a N-qubit W state of spatiall separated single molecule magnets (SMM) in a cavity-fiber-cavity system. In the present scheme, the framework consisting of entangled qubits can be expediently designed according to our needs. By quantitatively discussing the case of N=4, we show that the effects of SMM's spontaneous decay and photon leakage out of fiber can be suppressed in our scheme due to the presence of virtual excited processes in SMM and fiber modes. Moreover, we also show that the present scheme is robust with respect to some deviations of experimental parameters, and as a result, the present investigation provides a research clue for realizing multi-partite entanglement between distant SMMs solid-state nanostructures, which may result in a substantial impact on the progress of multi-node quantum information network.


Assuntos
Magnetismo , Modelos Químicos , Simulação por Computador , Campos Eletromagnéticos
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