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3.
J Clin Invest ; 131(7)2021 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33571163

RESUMO

BackgroundWe conducted a phase I clinical trial that infused CCR5 gene-edited CD4+ T cells to determine how these T cells can better enable HIV cure strategies.MethodsThe aim of trial was to develop RNA-based approaches to deliver zinc finger nuclease (ZFN), evaluate the effect of CCR5 gene-edited CD4+ T cells on the HIV-specific T cell response, test the ability of infused CCR5 gene-edited T cells to delay viral rebound during analytical treatment interruption, and determine whether individuals heterozygous for CCR5 Δ32 preferentially benefit. We enrolled 14 individuals living with HIV whose viral load was well controlled by antiretroviral therapy (ART). We measured the time to viral rebound after ART withdrawal, the persistence of CCR5-edited CD4+ T cells, and whether infusion of 10 billion CCR5-edited CD4+ T cells augmented the HIV-specific immune response.ResultsInfusion of the CD4+ T cells was well tolerated, with no serious adverse events. We observed a modest delay in the time to viral rebound relative to historical controls; however, 3 of the 14 individuals, 2 of whom were heterozygous for CCR5 Δ32, showed post-viral rebound control of viremia, before ultimately losing control of viral replication. Interestingly, only these individuals had substantial restoration of HIV-specific CD8+ T cell responses. We observed immune escape for 1 of these reinvigorated responses at viral recrudescence, illustrating a direct link between viral control and enhanced CD8+ T cell responses.ConclusionThese findings demonstrate how CCR5 gene-edited CD4+ T cell infusion could aid HIV cure strategies by augmenting preexisting HIV-specific immune responses.REGISTRATIONClinicalTrials.gov NCT02388594.FundingNIH funding (R01AI104400, UM1AI126620, U19AI149680, T32AI007632) was provided by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), and the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS). Sangamo Therapeutics also provided funding for these studies.

4.
J Clin Oncol ; 39(8): 920-930, 2021 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33417474

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To prospectively evaluate the effectiveness of risk-adapted preemptive tocilizumab (PT) administration in preventing severe cytokine release syndrome (CRS) after CTL019, a CD19 chimeric antigen receptor T-cell therapy. METHODS: Children and young adults with CD19-positive relapsed or refractory B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia were assigned to high- (≥ 40%) or low- (< 40%) tumor burden cohorts (HTBC or LTBC) based on a bone marrow aspirate or biopsy before infusion. HTBC patients received a single dose of tocilizumab (8-12 mg/kg) after development of high, persistent fevers. LTBC patients received standard CRS management. The primary end point was the frequency of grade 4 CRS (Penn scale), with an observed rate of ≤ 5 of 15 patients in the HTBC pre-defined as clinically meaningful. In post hoc analyses, the HTBC was compared with a historical cohort of high-tumor burden patients from the initial phase I CTL019 trial. RESULTS: The primary end point was met. Seventy patients were infused with CTL019, 15 in the HTBC and 55 in the LTBC. All HTBC patients received the PT intervention. The incidence of grade 4 CRS was 27% (95% CI, 8 to 55) in the HTBC and 3.6% (95% CI, 0.4 to 13) in the LTBC. The best overall response rate was 87% in the HTBC and 100% in the LTBC. Initial CTL019 expansion was greater in the HTBC than the LTBC (P < .001), but persistence was not different (P = .73). Event-free and overall survival were worse in the HTBC (P = .004, P < .001, respectively). In the post hoc analysis, grade 4 CRS was observed in 27% versus 50% of patients in the PT and prior phase I cohorts, respectively (P = .18). CONCLUSION: Risk-adapted PT administration resulted in a decrease in the expected incidence of grade 4 CRS, meeting the study end point, without adversely impacting the antitumor efficacy or safety of CTL019.

5.
Crit Care Explor ; 2(12): e0295, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33299985

RESUMO

Objectives: Acute respiratory distress syndrome occurring in the setting of direct versus indirect lung injury may reflect different pathobiologies amenable to different treatment strategies. We sought to test whether a panel of plasma biomarkers differed between children with sepsis-associated direct versus indirect acute respiratory distress syndrome. We hypothesized that a biomarker profile indicative of endothelial activation would be associated with indirect acute respiratory distress syndrome. Design: Observational cohort. Setting: Academic PICU. Subjects: Patients less than 18 years old with sepsis-associated direct (pneumonia, n = 52) or indirect (extrapulmonary sepsis, n = 46) acute respiratory distress syndrome. Interventions: None. Measurements and Main Results: Of 58 biomarkers examined, 33 differed by acute respiratory distress syndrome subtype. We used classification and regression tree methodology to examine associations between clinical and biochemical markers and acute respiratory distress syndrome subtype. The classification and regression tree model using only clinical variables (age, sex, race, oncologic comorbidity, and Pediatric Risk of Mortality-III score) performed worse than the classification and regression tree model using five clinical variables and 58 biomarkers. The best classification and regression tree model used only four endothelial biomarkers, including elevated angiopoietin-2/angiopoietin-1 ratio, vascular cell-adhesion molecule, and von Willebrand factor, to identify indirect acute respiratory distress syndrome. Test characteristics were 89% (80-97%) sensitivity, 80% (69-92%) specificity, positive predictive value 84% (74-93%), and negative predictive value 86% (76-96%). Conclusions: Indirect lung injury in children with acute respiratory distress syndrome is characterized by a biomarker profile indicative of endothelial activation, excess inflammation, and worse outcomes. A model using four biomarkers has the potential to be useful for more precisely identifying patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome whose pathobiology may respond to endothelial-targeted therapies in future trials.

6.
Mol Ther ; 2020 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33186691

RESUMO

MazF is an Escherichia coli-derived endoribonuclease that selectively cleaves ACA sequences of mRNA prevalent in HIV. We administered a single infusion of autologous CD4 T lymphocytes modified to express a Tat-dependent MazF transgene to 10 HIV-infected individuals (six remaining on antiretroviral therapy [ART]; four undergoing treatment interruption post-infusion) in order to provide a population of HIV-resistant immune cells. In participants who remained on ART, increases in CD4 and CD8 T cell counts of ~200 cells/mm3 each occurred within 2 weeks of infusion and persisted for at least 6 months. Modified cells were detectable for several months in the blood and trafficked to gastrointestinal lymph tissue. HIV-1 Tat introduced ex vivo to the modified CD4+ T cells induced MazF expression in both pre- and post-infusion samples, and MazF expression was detected in vivo post-viral-rebound during ATI. One participant experienced mild cytokine release syndrome. In sum, this study of a single infusion of MazF-modified CD4 T lymphocytes demonstrated safety of these cells, distribution to lymph tissue and maintenance of Tat-inducible MazF endoribonuclease activity, as well as sustained elevation of blood CD4 and CD8 T cell counts. Future studies to assess effects on viremia and latent proviral reservoir are warranted.

7.
Blood Adv ; 4(20): 5174-5183, 2020 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33095872

RESUMO

Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cells directed against CD19 have drastically altered outcomes for children with relapsed and refractory acute lymphoblastic leukemia (r/r ALL). Pediatric patients with r/r ALL treated with CAR-T are at increased risk of both cytokine release syndrome (CRS) and sepsis. We sought to investigate the biologic differences between CRS and sepsis and to develop predictive models which could accurately differentiate CRS from sepsis at the time of critical illness. We identified 23 different cytokines that were significantly different between patients with sepsis and CRS. Using elastic net prediction modeling and tree classification, we identified cytokines that were able to classify subjects as having CRS or sepsis accurately. A markedly elevated interferon γ (IFNγ) or a mildly elevated IFNγ in combination with a low IL1ß were associated with CRS. A normal to mildly elevated IFNγ in combination with an elevated IL1ß was associated with sepsis. This combination of IFNγ and IL1ß was able to categorize subjects as having CRS or sepsis with 97% accuracy. As CAR-T therapies become more common, these data provide important novel information to better manage potential associated toxicities.

9.
Mol Ther ; 28(11): 2367-2378, 2020 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32730744

RESUMO

B cells infiltrate pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) and in preclinical cancer models, can suppress T cell immunosurveillance in cancer. Here, we conducted a pilot study to assess the safety and feasibility of administering lentiviral-transduced chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)-modified autologous T cells redirected against mesothelin to target tumor cells along with CART cells redirected against CD19 to deplete B cells. Both CARs contained 4-1BB and CD3ζ signaling domains. Three patients with chemotherapy-refractory PDAC received 1.5 g/m2 cyclophosphamide prior to separate infusions of lentiviral-transduced T cells engineered to express chimeric anti-mesothelin immunoreceptor SS1 (CART-Meso, 3 × 107/m2) and chimeric anti-CD19 immunoreceptor (CART-19, 3 × 107/m2). Treatment was well tolerated without dose-limiting toxicities. Best response was stable disease (1 of 3 patients). CART-19 (compared to CART-Meso) cells showed the greatest expansion in the blood, although persistence was transient. B cells were successfully depleted in all subjects, became undetectable by 7-10 days post-infusion, and remained undetectable for at least 28 days. Together, concomitant delivery of CART-Meso and CART-19 cells in patients with PDAC is safe. CART-19 cells deplete normal B cells but at the dose tested in these 3 subjects did not improve CART-Meso cell persistence.

10.
Science ; 369(6508)2020 09 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32669297

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is currently a global pandemic, but human immune responses to the virus remain poorly understood. We used high-dimensional cytometry to analyze 125 COVID-19 patients and compare them with recovered and healthy individuals. Integrated analysis of ~200 immune and ~50 clinical features revealed activation of T cell and B cell subsets in a proportion of patients. A subgroup of patients had T cell activation characteristic of acute viral infection and plasmablast responses reaching >30% of circulating B cells. However, another subgroup had lymphocyte activation comparable with that in uninfected individuals. Stable versus dynamic immunological signatures were identified and linked to trajectories of disease severity change. Our analyses identified three immunotypes associated with poor clinical trajectories versus improving health. These immunotypes may have implications for the design of therapeutics and vaccines for COVID-19.


Assuntos
Linfócitos B/imunologia , Betacoronavirus/imunologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/imunologia , Pneumonia Viral/imunologia , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Imunidade Adaptativa , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Subpopulações de Linfócitos B/imunologia , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/imunologia , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/imunologia , Citocinas/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Memória Imunológica , Ativação Linfocitária , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Plasmócitos/imunologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Subpopulações de Linfócitos T/imunologia , Linfócitos T Auxiliares-Indutores/imunologia , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
11.
bioRxiv ; 2020 May 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32511371

RESUMO

COVID-19 has become a global pandemic. Immune dysregulation has been implicated, but immune responses remain poorly understood. We analyzed 71 COVID-19 patients compared to recovered and healthy subjects using high dimensional cytometry. Integrated analysis of ~200 immune and >30 clinical features revealed activation of T cell and B cell subsets, but only in some patients. A subgroup of patients had T cell activation characteristic of acute viral infection and plasmablast responses could reach >30% of circulating B cells. However, another subgroup had lymphocyte activation comparable to uninfected subjects. Stable versus dynamic immunological signatures were identified and linked to trajectories of disease severity change. These analyses identified three "immunotypes" associated with poor clinical trajectories versus improving health. These immunotypes may have implications for therapeutics and vaccines.

12.
Trends Mol Med ; 26(8): 713-715, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32536469

RESUMO

The clinical application of CRISPR-Cas9 gene editing has been eagerly awaited since the first description of the technique in 2013. Lu and colleagues now describe the treatment of 12 patients with nonsmall-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with PD-1 gene-edited bulk autologous T cells, with results supporting both the feasibility and safety of gene editing in cell therapy.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Sistemas CRISPR-Cas , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/terapia , Repetições Palindrômicas Curtas Agrupadas e Regularmente Espaçadas , Estudos de Viabilidade , Edição de Genes , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/terapia , Linfócitos T
14.
J Clin Oncol ; 38(25): 2862-2871, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32298202

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To describe long-term outcomes of anti-CD19 chimeric antigen receptor T (CART) cells in patients with relapsed or refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). METHODS: Between January 2013 and June 2016, 42 patients with relapsed or refractory CLL were enrolled in this study and 38 were infused with anti-CD19 CART cells (CART-19). Of these, 28 patients were initially randomly assigned to receive a low (5 × 107) or high (5 × 108) dose of CART-19, and 24 were evaluable for response assessment. After an interim analysis, 10 additional patients received the selected (high) dose and of these, eight were evaluable for response. Patients were followed for a median 31.5 months (range, 2 to 75 months). RESULTS: At 4 weeks, the complete and overall responses for the 32 evaluable patients were 28% (90% CI, 16% to 44%) and 44% (90% CI, 29% to 60%), respectively. The median overall survival (OS) for all patients was 64 months; there was no statistically significant difference between low- and high-dose groups (P = .84). Regardless of dose, prolonged survival was observed in patients who achieved a CR versus those who did not (P = .035), with median OS not reached in patients with CR versus 64 months in those without CR. The median progression-free survival was 40.2 months in patients with CR and 1 month in those without a CR (P < .0001). Toxicity was comparable in both dose groups. CONCLUSION: In patients with advanced CLL, a 5 × 108 dose of CART-19 may be more effective than 5 × 107 CART-19 at inducing CR without excessive toxicity. Attainment of a CR after CART-19 infusion, regardless of cell dose, is associated with longer OS and progression-free survival in patients with relapsed CLL.

15.
Science ; 367(6481)2020 02 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32029687

RESUMO

CRISPR-Cas9 gene editing provides a powerful tool to enhance the natural ability of human T cells to fight cancer. We report a first-in-human phase 1 clinical trial to test the safety and feasibility of multiplex CRISPR-Cas9 editing to engineer T cells in three patients with refractory cancer. Two genes encoding the endogenous T cell receptor (TCR) chains, TCRα (TRAC) and TCRß (TRBC), were deleted in T cells to reduce TCR mispairing and to enhance the expression of a synthetic, cancer-specific TCR transgene (NY-ESO-1). Removal of a third gene encoding programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1; PDCD1), was performed to improve antitumor immunity. Adoptive transfer of engineered T cells into patients resulted in durable engraftment with edits at all three genomic loci. Although chromosomal translocations were detected, the frequency decreased over time. Modified T cells persisted for up to 9 months, suggesting that immunogenicity is minimal under these conditions and demonstrating the feasibility of CRISPR gene editing for cancer immunotherapy.


Assuntos
Transferência Adotiva , Sistemas CRISPR-Cas , Edição de Genes , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T alfa-beta/genética , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Linfócitos T/transplante , Idoso , Proteína 9 Associada à CRISPR , Engenharia Celular , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/genética , Transgenes
16.
Oncoimmunology ; 9(1): 1676615, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32002286

RESUMO

Multiple rodent and primate preclinical studies have advanced CAR T cells into the clinic. However, no single model accurately reflects the challenges of effective CAR T therapy in human cancer patients. To evaluate the effectiveness of next-generation CAR T cells that aim to overcome barriers to durable tumor elimination, we developed a system to evaluate CAR T cells in pet dogs with spontaneous cancer. Here we report on this system and the results of a pilot trial using CAR T cells to treat canine diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL). We designed and manufactured CD20-targeting, second-generation canine CAR T cells for functional evaluation in vitro and in vivo using lentivectors to parallel human CAR T cell manufacturing. A first-in-species trial of five dogs with DLBCL treated with CAR T was undertaken. Canine CAR T cells functioned in an antigen-specific manner and killed CD20+ targets. Circulating CAR T cells were detectable post-infusion, however, induction of canine anti-mouse antibodies (CAMA) was associated with CAR T cell loss. Specific selection pressure on CD20+ tumors was observed following CAR T cell therapy, culminating in antigen escape and emergence of CD20-disease. Patient survival times correlated with ex vivo product expansion. Altering product manufacturing improved transduction efficiency and skewed toward a memory-like phenotype of canine CAR T cells. Manufacturing of functional canine CAR T cells using a lentivector is feasible. Comparable challenges to effective CAR T cell therapy exist, indicating their relevance in informing future human clinical trial design.

17.
Crit Care Med ; 48(3): 344-352, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32058372

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Systemic endothelial activation may contribute to sepsis-associated organ injury, including acute respiratory distress syndrome. We hypothesized that children with extrapulmonary sepsis with versus without acute respiratory distress syndrome would have plasma biomarkers indicative of increased endothelial activation and that persistent biomarker changes would be associated with poor outcome. DESIGN: Observational cohort. SETTING: Academic PICU. PATIENTS: Patients less than 18 years old with sepsis from extrapulmonary infection with (n = 46) or without (n = 54) acute respiratory distress syndrome and noninfected controls (n = 19). INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Endothelial (angiopoietin-1, angiopoietin-2, tyrosine kinase with immunoglobulin-like loop epidermal growth factor homology domain 2, vascular endothelial growth factor, soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase, von Willebrand factor, E-selectin, intercellular adhesion molecule, vascular cell adhesion molecule, thrombomodulin) and inflammatory biomarkers (C-reactive protein, interleukin-6, and interleukin-8) were measured from peripheral plasma collected within 3 days (time 1) of sepsis recognition and at 3-6 days (time 2) and 7-14 days (time 3). Time 1 biomarkers and longitudinal measurements were compared for sepsis patients with versus without acute respiratory distress syndrome and in relation to complicated course, defined as greater than or equal to two organ dysfunctions at day 7 or death by day 28. Angiopoietin-2, angiopoietin-2/angiopoietin-1 ratio, tyrosine kinase with immunoglobulin-like loop epidermal growth factor homology domain 2, vascular endothelial growth factor, von Willebrand factor, E-selectin, intercellular adhesion molecule, vascular cell adhesion molecule, thrombomodulin, endocan, C-reactive protein, interleukin-6, and interleukin-8 were different between sepsis and noninfected control patients at time 1. Among patients with sepsis, those with acute respiratory distress syndrome had higher angiopoietin-2/angiopoietin-1 ratio, vascular endothelial growth factor, vascular cell adhesion molecule, thrombomodulin, endocan, interleukin-6, and interleukin-8 than those without acute respiratory distress syndrome (all p < 0.003). Angiopoietin-2 and angiopoietin-2/angiopoietin-1 ratio remained higher in sepsis with versus without acute respiratory distress syndrome after multivariable analyses. Time 1 measures of angiopoietin-2, angiopoietin-2/-1 ratio, von Willebrand factor, and endocan were indicative of complicated course in all sepsis patients (all area under the receiver operating curve ≥ 0.80). In sepsis without acute respiratory distress syndrome, soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase decreased more quickly and von Willebrand factor and thrombomodulin decreased more slowly in those with complicated course. CONCLUSIONS: Children with extrapulmonary sepsis with acute respiratory distress syndrome had plasma biomarkers indicative of greater systemic endothelial activation than those without acute respiratory distress syndrome. Several endothelial biomarkers measured near sepsis recognition were associated with complicated course, whereas longitudinal biomarker changes yielded prognostic information only in those without sepsis-associated acute respiratory distress syndrome.


Assuntos
Endotélio/fisiopatologia , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Pediátrica/estatística & dados numéricos , Sepse/epidemiologia , Sepse/fisiopatologia , Adolescente , Biomarcadores , Proteínas Sanguíneas/metabolismo , Moléculas de Adesão Celular/metabolismo , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Lactente , Mediadores da Inflamação , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Escores de Disfunção Orgânica , Prognóstico , Sepse/sangue , Fatores de Tempo
18.
J Clin Oncol ; 38(5): 415-422, 2020 02 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31815579

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The anti-CD19 chimeric antigen receptor T-cell therapy tisagenlecleucel (CTL019) has an 81% response rate in children with relapsed or chemotherapy refractory (r/r) B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Cytokine release syndrome (CRS) is a life-threatening treatment-related toxicity that limits the full therapeutic potential in adults. We report outcomes for adults with r/r ALL treated with an optimized CTL019 dosing and CRS management strategy. METHODS: Adults with r/r B-cell ALL received CTL019 in 1 of 2 trials. Patients received lymphodepletion followed by CTL019 as either a one-time infusion or fractionated infusions split over 3 days (day 1, 10%; day 2, 30%; day 3, 60%), which allowed for day 2 and day 3 doses to be held for early CRS. Total planned CTL019 dose varied with adaptive protocol modifications in response to efficacy and CRS toxicity. RESULTS: Thirty-five adults with r/r ALL received CTL019 in 1 of 3 dosing cohorts. The low-dose cohort (n = 9) received single or fractionated dosing and had manageable toxicity with a 33% complete remission (CR) rate. In the high-dose single infusion cohort, 3 of 6 patients with refractory CRS concurrent with culture-positive sepsis died, and 3 achieved CR. The 20 patients in the high-dose fractionated (HDF) cohort had a 90% CR rate and manageable CRS. The HDF cohort had the highest survival, with a 2-year overall survival of 73% (95% CI, 46% to 88%) and event-free survival of 49.5% (95% CI, 21% to 73%). CONCLUSION: Fractionated dosing of CTL019 with intrapatient dose modification optimizes safety without compromising efficacy in adults with r/r ALL.


Assuntos
Imunoterapia Adotiva/métodos , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/terapia , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoterapia Adotiva/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Taxa de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
19.
J Clin Invest ; 130(2): 673-685, 2020 02 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31845905

RESUMO

Chimeric antigen receptor-engineered T cells targeting CD19 (CART19) provide an effective treatment for pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia but are less effective for chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), focusing attention on improving efficacy. CART19 harbor an engineered receptor, which is delivered through lentiviral vector integration, thereby marking cell lineages and modifying the cellular genome by insertional mutagenesis. We recently reported that vector integration within the host TET2 gene was associated with CLL remission. Here, we investigated clonal population structure and therapeutic outcomes in another 39 patients by high-throughput sequencing of vector-integration sites. Genes at integration sites enriched in responders were commonly found in cell-signaling and chromatin modification pathways, suggesting that insertional mutagenesis in these genes promoted therapeutic T cell proliferation. We also developed a multivariate model based on integration-site distributions and found that data from preinfusion products forecasted response in CLL successfully in discovery and validation cohorts and, in day 28 samples, reported responders to CLL therapy with high accuracy. These data clarify how insertional mutagenesis can modulate cell proliferation in CART19 therapy and how data on integration-site distributions can be linked to treatment outcomes.


Assuntos
Antígenos CD19/imunologia , Vetores Genéticos , Imunoterapia Adotiva , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T , Antígenos CD19/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/genética , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/imunologia , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/patologia , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/terapia , Masculino , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T/genética , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T/imunologia
20.
Blood ; 135(7): 505-509, 2020 02 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31703119

RESUMO

Unintentional transduction of B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia blasts during CART19 manufacturing can lead to CAR19+ leukemic cells (CARB19) that are resistant to CART19 killing. We developed an anti-CAR19 idiotype chimeric antigen receptor (αCAR19) to specifically recognize CAR19+ cells. αCAR19 CAR T cells efficiently lysed CARB19 cells in vitro and in a primary leukemia-derived xenograft model. We further showed that αCAR19-CART cells could be used as an "antidote" to deplete CART19 cells to reduce long-term side effects, such as B-cell aplasia.


Assuntos
Antígenos CD19/imunologia , Receptores de Antígenos Quiméricos/imunologia , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Animais , Citotoxicidade Imunológica , Humanos , Imunoterapia Adotiva , Camundongos
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