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Ann Med Surg (Lond) ; 69: 102695, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34457252


Introduction: Woakes' syndrome is a rare condition commonly defined as recurrent sinonasal polyposis with consecutive destruction of the nasal pyramid. Till now, only a few cases have been reported in the literature. The purpose of this paper is to present the features of woakes' syndrome through two new clinical cases, adding some valuable insight to the recently reported cases. Case report: We report a series of two consecutive adults male and female patients, aged 55 and 58 years, with Samter's triad, who presented recurrent nasal polyposis and progressive broadening of the nasal dorsum. Facial CT showed in both patients the same radiologic pattern of nasal and paranasal cavities obliteration with nasal bone deformation. Both patients underwent functional endoscopic sinus surgery and correction of the bony nasal vault deformity without osteotomies. At 3 months follow-up, the nasal air passage remained free and aesthetic outcomes were observed. Discussion: having been described over 130 years ago, the etiology of woakes' syndrome remains unclear. Treatment includes topical treatment and sinonasal surgery. Surgical treatment of the nasal dorsum deformity is rarely addressed. Conclusion: These observations suggest that the external nose deformity may be successfully corrected by digital compression, in combination with endoscopic sinus surgery.

Ann Med Surg (Lond) ; 66: 102432, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34141415


Introduction: and importance: Mucoceles are expansive pseudocystic formations, developed from the sinuses of the face, affecting mainly adults. Evolving at low noise, they are most often revealed by neurological or ophthalmological complications. We report a rare case of a bilateral frontal mucocele with orbito-cerebral extension following nasal sinus polyposis. Case presentation: This was a 35-year-old patient with a history of Widal syndrome, who presented frontal headaches and left proptosis evolving for 4 months, in whom clinical examination revealed a left superomedial eyelid swelling, left proptosis and stage 2 nasosinus polyposis. Computed tomography and craniofacial magnetic resonance imaging were in favor of a bilateral frontal mucocele with left orbital and bilateral cerebral extensions. The patient was bilaterally operated by a combined approach including external Jacques eyebrow and endonasal Draf IIa procedure in addition to a radical total ethmoidectomy. The outcomes were favorable with regression of headaches and resolution of exophthalmos. Clinical discussion: The frontal mucocele, although benign, has an aggressive potential in the absence of treatment either towards the endocranium or the orbit behind the orbital septum causing intra-orbital extension, or in front of it; causing the dominant upper palpebral form as in the case of our patient. The treatment is still based on surgical excision of the cyst with drainage of the causal sinus, which was carried out for our patient. Conclusion: Despite its benign behavior, frontal mucocele may become serious by compression of neighboring organs which require an early and appropriate surgical management.

Int J Surg Case Rep ; 83: 105988, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34052713


INTRODUCTION: The internal jugular vein thrombosis is usually due to intravenous drug abuse, prolonged central venous catheterization or deep head-neck infections or trauma. Related malignancies, or inflammatory etiologies are described. Our case is interesting by the ingestion of a sewing needle that passes from the pharynx to the internal jugular vein via migration, leading to life-threatening complications: deep neck space infection and internal jugular vein thrombosis. CASE REPORT: We report a case of a 40 years old patient, for acute cervical cellulitis in a context of odynophagia and fever, a CT scan revealed a jugular vein thrombosis, penetrated by a metal density foreign body. The diagnosis of ingested foreign body complicated by cervical cellulitis and thrombosis of the internal jugular vein was made. The patient underwent neck surgery with intravenous antibiotics. The postoperative course was uneventful, after one year of follow-up, no complications have been observed. DISCUSSION: no consensus has been reached concerning the management of postoperative and post traumatic vein thrombosis. Taking into account the risk of extension of the thrombus and the hemorrhagic risk each case should involve discussions among a multidisciplinary team. CONCLUSION: The internal jugular vein thrombosis is a rare complication of ingested foreign bodies which may lead to life threat. The early diagnosis and adequate treatment of its life-threatening complications may result in excellent prognosis.

Pan Afr Med J ; 38: 187, 2021.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33995793


The purpose of this study was to evaluate the functional outcomes of ossiculoplasties. We conducted a retrospective study, in the department of ear, nose and throat (ENT) and congestive cardiac failure (CCF) at the University Hospital Mohammed VI, in Oujda, from October 2018 to March 2020. Out of 45 patients with secondary otitis, 30 had gone ossiculoplasty using endoscopic transmeatal approach. These patients were enrolled in the study. The average age of patients was 31.8 years, with a F/M sex ratio of 1.5. The examination of the eardrum showed type A otitis (18 cases) type B otitis (5 cases), type C otitis (3 cases) and type D otitis (4 cases), according to Austin classification; 70% of patients who had undergone surgery had hearing loss between 30 and 40 dB and 30% of patients had hearing loss of ≥40 dB. Type II ossiculoplasty was performed in 26 cases, using tragal cartilage in 18 cases. Autologous incus interposition graft and placement of titanium PORP were performed in 4 cases each, whereas ossiculoplasty type III was performed in 4 cases, with placement of titanium TORP. Type II ossiculoplasty group had a hearing gain of ≥20 dB (all cases), whereas type III ossiculoplasty group had a hearing gain of ≥1 dB (1 case). Success rate was 90%. The analysis of these results shows that the overall outcome is slightly worse in patients undergoing type III ossiculoplasty than in those undergoing type II ossiculoplasty. However, comparative studies between the placement of prostheses and autografts or between different types of materials have only shown minor differences reported by the same author or the same team. Many authors highlighted that the preservation of the handle of malleus could provide better functional results.

Perda Auditiva/cirurgia , Substituição Ossicular/métodos , Otite/cirurgia , Timpanoplastia/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Cartilagem/transplante , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Titânio , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
Pan Afr Med J ; 24: 322, 2016.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28154677


Malignant otitis externa is also referred to as skull base osteomyelitis. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is the most common offending pathogen. However, fungal origin is not uncommon. 80-year-old patient having persistent left earache since two months despite adequate treatment. Otologic examination showed signs of inflammation in the auricular pavilion, ear canal stenosis with granulomas and purulent otorrhea. CT scan showed a filled otomastoid, extensive inflammatory process affecting the pre-auricular and retro-auricular tissues and lysis of the tympanic bulla. Given the lack of improvement, mycological examination was performed which revealed the presence of Candida Albicans. Cases of malignant otitis externa caused by Candida albicans are rarely reported. Fungal origin should be suspected in patients who have negative bacteriological samples and no improvement despite adequate antibiotic treatment. It should be confirmed by sometimes multiple mycological samples. Malignant otitis externa caused by Candida albicans is a rare potentially mortal infection.

Candida albicans/isolamento & purificação , Candidíase/diagnóstico , Otite Externa/diagnóstico , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Candidíase/microbiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Otite Externa/microbiologia , Otomicose/diagnóstico , Otomicose/microbiologia
Pan Afr Med J ; 24: 272, 2016.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28154627


Sinus barotrauma is the second most frequently reported injury after middle ear barotrauma. The front sinus is the most common site affected. This is a rare and specific pathology. We here report the case of a 26-year-old patient having severe left frontal pain with ipsilateral epistaxis after a dive. CT scan showed left frontal hemosinus. Patient evolution was good after therapy. Frontal sinus barotraumas are accidents related to the variations in environmental pressure. Epistaxis is a sign of serious health condition, CT scanner plays a role in evaluating potential predisposing factors and establishing monitoring procedures. Patient treatment aims to relieve symptoms and to remove predisposing factors. Frontal sinus barotraumas are a rare injury ; orbital and encephalic complications are exceptional. Their treatment coincides with that of their causal pathology.

Barotrauma/etiologia , Mergulho/lesões , Seio Frontal/lesões , Doenças dos Seios Paranasais/etiologia , Adulto , Barotrauma/diagnóstico por imagem , Barotrauma/terapia , Seio Frontal/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Masculino , Doenças dos Seios Paranasais/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças dos Seios Paranasais/terapia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos