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1.
Blood ; 2021 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33545713

RESUMO

Immunodysregulation polyendocrinopathy enteropathy X-linked (IPEX) syndrome is caused by mutations in FOXP3, which lead to the loss of function of regulatory T cells (Treg) and the development of autoimmune manifestations early in life. The selective induction of a Treg program in autologous CD4+ T cells by FOXP3 gene transfer is a promising approach for curing IPEX. We have established a novel in vivo assay of Treg functionality, based on adoptive transfer of these cells into scurfy mice (an animal model of IPEX) and a combination of cyclophosphamide conditioning and interleukin-2 treatment. This model highlighted the possibility of rescuing scurfy disease after the latter's onset. By using this in vivo model and an optimized lentiviral vector expressing human Foxp3 and as a reporter a truncated form of the 5 low-affinity nerve growth factor receptor (DLNGFR), we demonstrated that the adoptive transfer of FOXP3-transduced scurfy CD4+ T cells enabled the long-term rescue of scurfy autoimmune disease. The efficiency was similar to that seen with wild-type Treg. After in vivo expansion, the converted CD4FOXP3 cells recapitulated the transcriptomic core signature for Treg. These findings demonstrate that FOXP3 expression converts CD4+ T cells into functional Treg capable of controlling severe autoimmune disease.

2.
Blood Adv ; 5(3): 700-710, 2021 Feb 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33560378

RESUMO

T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) represents the malignant expansion of immature T cells blocked in their differentiation. T-ALL is still associated with a poor prognosis, mainly related to occurrence of relapse or refractory disease. A critical medical need therefore exists for new therapies to improve the disease prognosis. Adenylate kinase 2 (AK2) is a mitochondrial kinase involved in adenine nucleotide homeostasis recently reported as essential in normal T-cell development, as defective AK2 signaling pathway results in a severe combined immunodeficiency with a complete absence of T-cell differentiation. In this study, we show that AK2 is constitutively expressed in T-ALL to varying levels, irrespective of the stage of maturation arrest or the underlying oncogenetic features. T-ALL cell lines and patient T-ALL-derived xenografts present addiction to AK2, whereas B-cell precursor ALL cells do not. Indeed, AK2 knockdown leads to early and massive apoptosis of T-ALL cells that could not be rescued by the cytosolic isoform AK1. Mechanistically, AK2 depletion results in mitochondrial dysfunction marked by early mitochondrial depolarization and reactive oxygen species production, together with the depletion of antiapoptotic molecules (BCL-2 and BCL-XL). Finally, T-ALL exposure to a BCL-2 inhibitor (ABT-199 [venetoclax]) significantly enhances the cytotoxic effects of AK2 depletion. We also show that AK2 depletion disrupts the oxidative phosphorylation pathway. Combined with pharmaceutical inhibition of glycolysis, AK2 silencing prevents T-ALL metabolic adaptation, resulting in dramatic apoptosis. Altogether, we pinpoint AK2 as a genuine and promising therapeutic target in T-ALL.

4.
Mol Ther Methods Clin Dev ; 17: 666-682, 2020 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32322605

RESUMO

Recombinase-activating gene-1 (RAG1)-deficient severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) patients lack B and T lymphocytes due to the inability to rearrange immunoglobulin and T cell receptor genes. Gene therapy is an alternative for those RAG1-SCID patients who lack a suitable bone marrow donor. We designed lentiviral vectors with different internal promoters driving codon-optimized RAG1 to ensure optimal expression. We used Rag1 -/- mice as a preclinical model for RAG1-SCID to assess the efficacy of the various vectors. We observed that B and T cell reconstitution directly correlated with RAG1 expression. Mice with low RAG1 expression showed poor immune reconstitution; however, higher expression resulted in phenotypic and functional lymphocyte reconstitution comparable to mice receiving wild-type stem cells. No signs of genotoxicity were found. Additionally, RAG1-SCID patient CD34+ cells transduced with our clinical RAG1 vector and transplanted into NSG mice led to improved human B and T cell development. Considering this efficacy outcome, together with favorable safety data, these results substantiate the need for a clinical trial for RAG1-SCID.

5.
Hum Mol Genet ; 29(6): 907-922, 2020 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31985013

RESUMO

Telomeres are nucleoprotein structures at the end of chromosomes. The telomerase complex, constituted of the catalytic subunit TERT, the RNA matrix hTR and several cofactors, including the H/ACA box ribonucleoproteins Dyskerin, NOP10, GAR1, NAF1 and NHP2, regulates telomere length. In humans, inherited defects in telomere length maintenance are responsible for a wide spectrum of clinical premature aging manifestations including pulmonary fibrosis (PF), dyskeratosis congenita (DC), bone marrow failure and predisposition to cancer. NHP2 mutations have been so far reported only in two patients with DC. Here, we report the first case of Høyeraal-Hreidarsson syndrome, the severe form of DC, caused by biallelic missense mutations in NHP2. Additionally, we identified three unrelated patients with PF carrying NHP2 heterozygous mutations. Strikingly, one of these patients acquired a somatic mutation in the promoter of TERT that likely conferred a selective advantage in a subset of blood cells. Finally, we demonstrate that a functional deficit of human NHP2 affects ribosomal RNA biogenesis. Together, our results broaden the functional consequences and clinical spectrum of NHP2 deficiency.

6.
Haematologica ; 2020 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31919089

RESUMO

Severe combined immunodeficiencies (SCIDs) constitute a heterogeneous group of life-threatening genetic disorders that typically present in the first year of life. They are defined by the absence of autologous T cells and the presence of an intrinsic or extrinsic defect in the B-cell compartment. In three newborns presenting with frequent infections and profound leukopenia, we identified a private, heterozygous mutation in the RAC2 gene (p.G12R). This mutation was de novo in the index case, who had been cured by hematopoietic stem cell transplantation but had transmitted the mutation to her sick daughter. Biochemical assays showed that the mutation was associated with a gain of function. The results of in vitro differentiation assays showed that RAC2 is essential for the survival and differentiation of hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells. Therefore, screening for RAC2 gain-of-function mutations should be considered in patients with a SCID phenotype and who lack a molecular diagnosis.

7.
Mol Ther Methods Clin Dev ; 15: 232-245, 2019 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31720302

RESUMO

Genetic deficiency of the nuclease DCLRE1C/Artemis causes radiosensitive severe combined immunodeficiency (RS-SCID) with lack of peripheral T and B cells and increased sensitivity to ionizing radiations. Gene therapy based on transplanting autologous gene-modified hematopoietic stem cells could significantly improve the health of patients with RS-SCID by correcting their immune system. A lentiviral vector expressing physiological levels of human ARTEMIS mRNA from an EF1a promoter without post-transcriptional regulation was developed as a safe clinically applicable candidate for RS-SCID gene therapy. The vector was purified in GMP-comparable conditions and was not toxic in vitro or in vivo. Long-term engraftment of vector-transduced hematopoietic cells was achieved in irradiated Artemis-deficient mice following primary and secondary transplantation (6 months each). Vector-treated mice displayed T and B lymphopoiesis and polyclonal T cells, had structured lymphoid tissues, and produced immunoglobulins. Benign signs of inflammation were noted following secondary transplants, likely a feature of the model. There was no evidence of transgene toxicity and no induction of hematopoietic malignancy. In vitro, the vector had low genotoxic potential on murine hematopoietic progenitor cells using an immortalization assay. Altogether, these preclinical data show safety and efficacy, and support further development of the vector for the gene therapy of RS-SCID.

8.
Front Pediatr ; 7: 170, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31139601

RESUMO

We report outcomes after hematopoietic stem cell transplant for three patients with X-MAID, including 1 patient from the originally described cohort and two brothers with positive TREC newborn screening for SCID who were found to have a T-B-NK+ SCID phenotype attributable to X-linked moesin associated immunodeficiency (X-MAID). A c.511C>T variant in moesin was identified via exome sequencing in the older of these siblings in the setting of low lymphocyte counts and poor proliferative responses consistent with SCID. He received reduced intensity conditioning due to CMV, and was transplanted with a T-depleted haploidentical (maternal) donor. His post-transplant course was complicated by hemolytic anemia, neutropenia, and sepsis. He had poor engraftment, requiring a 2nd transplant. His younger brother presented with the same clinical phenotype and was treated with umbilical cord blood transplant following myeloablative conditioning, has engrafted and is doing well. The third case also presented with severe lymphopenia in infancy, received a matched related bone marrow transplant following myeloablative conditioning, has engrafted and is doing well. These cases represent a novel manifestation of non-radiosensitive X-linked form of T-B-NK+ SCID that is able to be detected by TREC based newborn screening and effectively treated with HCT.

9.
Blood Adv ; 3(3): 461-475, 2019 02 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30755435

RESUMO

T cells represent a valuable tool for treating cancers and infectious and inherited diseases; however, they are mainly short-lived in vivo. T-cell therapies would strongly benefit from gene transfer into long-lived persisting naive T cells or T-cell progenitors. Here we demonstrate that baboon envelope glycoprotein pseudotyped lentiviral vectors (BaEV-LVs) far outperformed other LV pseudotypes for transduction of naive adult and fetal interleukin-7-stimulated T cells. Remarkably, BaEV-LVs efficiently transduced thymocytes and T-cell progenitors generated by culture of CD34+ cells on Delta-like ligand 4 (Dll4). Upon NOD/SCIDγC-/- engraftment, high transduction levels (80%-90%) were maintained in all T-cell subpopulations. Moreover, T-cell lineage reconstitution was accelerated in NOD/SCIDγC-/- recipients after T-cell progenitor injection compared with hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Furthermore, γC-encoding BaEV-LVs very efficiently transduced Dll4-generated T-cell precursors from a patient with X-linked severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID-X1), which fully rescued T-cell development in vitro. These results indicate that BaEV-LVs are valuable tools for the genetic modification of naive T cells, which are important targets for gene therapy. Moreover, they allowed for the generation of gene-corrected T-cell progenitors that rescued SCID-X1 T-cell development in vitro. Ultimately, the coinjection of LV-corrected T-cell progenitors and hematopoietic stem cells might accelerate T-cell reconstitution in immunodeficient patients.


Assuntos
Lentivirus/genética , Células-Tronco/metabolismo , Animais , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos NOD , Camundongos SCID , Papio
10.
Mol Ther Methods Clin Dev ; 10: 341-347, 2018 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30191160

RESUMO

Lentiviral vectors have emerged as an efficient, safe therapeutic tool for gene therapy based on hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) or T cells. However, the monitoring of transduced cells in preclinical models remains challenging because of the inefficient transduction of murine primary T cells with lentiviral vectors, in contrast to gammaretroviral vectors. The use of this later in preclinical proof of concept is not considered as relevant when a lentiviral vector will be used in a clinical trial. Hence, there is an urgent need to develop an efficient transduction protocol for murine cells with lentiviral vectors. Here, we describe an optimized protocol in which a nontoxic transduction enhancer (Lentiboost) enables the efficient transduction of primary murine T cells with lentiviral vectors. The optimized protocol combines low toxicity and high transduction efficiency. We achieved a high-level transduction of murine CD4+ and CD8+ T cells with a VSV-G-pseudotyped lentiviral vector with no changes in the phenotypes of transduced T cells, which were stable and long-lived in culture. This enhancer also increased the transduction of murine HSCs. Hence, use of this new transduction enhancer overcomes the limitations of lentiviral vectors in preclinical experiments and should facilitate the translation of strategies based on lentiviral vectors from the bench to the clinic.

11.
Haematologica ; 103(5): 778-786, 2018 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29472357

RESUMO

Sickle cell disease is characterized by chronic anemia and vaso-occlusive crises, which eventually lead to multi-organ damage and premature death. Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is the only curative treatment but it is limited by toxicity and poor availability of HLA-compatible donors. A gene therapy approach based on the autologous transplantation of lentiviral-corrected hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells was shown to be efficacious in one patient. However, alterations of the bone marrow environment and properties of the red blood cells hamper the harvesting and immunoselection of patients' stem cells from bone marrow. The use of Filgrastim to mobilize large numbers of hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells into the circulation has been associated with severe adverse events in sickle cell patients. Thus, broader application of the gene therapy approach requires the development of alternative mobilization methods. We set up a phase I/II clinical trial whose primary objective was to assess the safety of a single injection of Plerixafor in sickle cell patients undergoing red blood cell exchange to decrease the hemoglobin S level to below 30%. The secondary objective was to measure the efficiency of mobilization and isolation of hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells. No adverse events were observed. Large numbers of CD34+ cells were mobilized extremely quickly. Importantly, the mobilized cells contained high numbers of hematopoietic stem cells, expressed high levels of stemness genes, and engrafted very efficiently in immunodeficient mice. Thus, Plerixafor can be safely used to mobilize hematopoietic stem cells in sickle cell patients; this finding opens up new avenues for treatment approaches based on gene addition and genome editing. Clinicaltrials.gov identifier: NCT02212535.


Assuntos
Anemia Falciforme/terapia , Transfusão de Sangue , Mobilização de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos dos fármacos , Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/metabolismo , Compostos Heterocíclicos/administração & dosagem , Anemia Falciforme/metabolismo , Anemia Falciforme/patologia , Fármacos Anti-HIV/administração & dosagem , Antígenos CD34/metabolismo , Antidrepanocíticos/administração & dosagem , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Células Cultivadas , Estudos de Coortes , Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/citologia , Humanos , Hidroxiureia/administração & dosagem
13.
Blood ; 129(21): 2928-2938, 2017 05 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28331055

RESUMO

Reticular dysgenesis (RD) is a rare congenital disorder defined clinically by the combination of severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID), agranulocytosis, and sensorineural deafness. Mutations in the gene encoding adenylate kinase 2 were identified to cause the disorder. Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is the only option to cure this otherwise fatal disease. Retrospective data on clinical presentation, genetics, and outcome of HSCT were collected from centers in Europe, Asia, and North America for a total of 32 patients born between 1982 and 2011. Age at presentation was <4 weeks in 30 of 32 patients (94%). Grafts originated from mismatched family donors in 17 patients (55%), from matched family donors in 6 patients (19%), and from unrelated marrow or umbilical cord blood donors in 8 patients (26%). Thirteen patients received secondary or tertiary transplants. After transplantation, 21 of 31 patients were reported alive at a mean follow-up of 7.9 years (range: 0.6-23.6 years). All patients who died beyond 6 months after HSCT had persistent or recurrent agranulocytosis due to failure of donor myeloid engraftment. In the absence of conditioning, HSCT was ineffective to overcome agranulocytosis, and inclusion of myeloablative components in the conditioning regimens was required to achieve stable lymphomyeloid engraftment. In comparison with other SCID entities, considerable differences were noted regarding age at presentation, onset, and type of infectious complications, as well as the requirement of conditioning prior to HSCT. Although long-term survival is possible in the presence of mixed chimerism, high-level donor myeloid engraftment should be targeted to avoid posttransplant neutropenia.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco de Sangue do Cordão Umbilical , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Leucopenia/mortalidade , Leucopenia/terapia , Imunodeficiência Combinada Severa/mortalidade , Imunodeficiência Combinada Severa/terapia , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante , Doadores não Relacionados , Adenilil Ciclases/genética , Adenilil Ciclases/metabolismo , Adolescente , Adulto , Idade de Início , Aloenxertos , Criança , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Leucopenia/enzimologia , Leucopenia/genética , Masculino , Imunodeficiência Combinada Severa/enzimologia , Imunodeficiência Combinada Severa/genética , Taxa de Sobrevida
14.
Stem Cells Dev ; 26(2): 71-76, 2017 01 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27750026

RESUMO

When considering inherited diseases that can be treated by gene transfer into hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs), there are only two in which the HSC and progenitor cell distribution inside the bone marrow and its microenvironment are exactly the same as in a healthy subject: metachromatic leukodystrophy (MLD) and adrenoleukodystrophy (ALD). In all other settings [X-linked severe combined immunodeficiency (X-SCID), adenosine deaminase deficiency, Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome, and ß-hemoglobinopathies], the bone marrow content of the different stem and precursor cells and the cells' relationship with the stroma have very specific characteristics. These peculiarities can influence the cells' harvesting and behavior in culture, and the postgraft uptake and further behavior of the gene-modified hematopoietic/precursor cells. In the present mini-review, we shall briefly summarize these characteristics and outline the possible consequences and challenges.


Assuntos
Doenças da Medula Óssea/terapia , Medula Óssea/patologia , Terapia Genética , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/citologia , Animais , Doenças da Medula Óssea/patologia , Humanos
15.
Blood Adv ; 1(27): 2781-2789, 2017 Dec 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29296930

RESUMO

Patients with mutations in the UNC13D gene (coding for Munc13-4 protein) suffer from familial hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis type 3 (FHL3), a life-threatening immune and hyperinflammatory disorder. The only curative treatment is allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) transplantation, although the posttreatment survival rate is not satisfactory. Here, we demonstrate the curative potential of UNC13D gene correction of HSCs in a murine model of FHL3. We generated a self-inactivating lentiviral vector, used it to complement HSCs from Unc13d-deficient (Jinx) mice, and transplanted the cells back into the irradiated Jinx recipients. This procedure led to complete reconstitution of the immune system (ie, to wild-type levels). The recipients were then challenged with lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus to induce hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH)-like manifestations. All the clinical and biological signs of HLH were significantly reduced in mice having undergone HSC UNC13D gene correction than in nontreated animals. This beneficial effect was evidenced by the correction of blood cytopenia, body weight gain, normalization of the body temperature, decreased serum interferon-γ level, recovery of liver damage, and decreased viral load. These improvements can be explained by the restoration of the CD8+ T lymphocytes' cytotoxic function (as demonstrated here in an in vitro degranulation assay). Overall, our results demonstrate the efficacy of HSC gene therapy in an FHL-like setting of immune dysregulation.

17.
J Allergy Clin Immunol ; 138(6): 1681-1689.e8, 2016 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27405666

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We investigated 7 male patients (from 5 different families) presenting with profound lymphopenia, hypogammaglobulinemia, fluctuating monocytopenia and neutropenia, a poor immune response to vaccine antigens, and increased susceptibility to bacterial and varicella zoster virus infections. OBJECTIVE: We sought to characterize the genetic defect involved in a new form of X-linked immunodeficiency. METHODS: We performed genetic analyses and an exhaustive phenotypic and functional characterization of the lymphocyte compartment. RESULTS: We observed hemizygous mutations in the moesin (MSN) gene (located on the X chromosome and coding for MSN) in all 7 patients. Six of the latter had the same missense mutation, which led to an amino acid substitution (R171W) in the MSN four-point-one, ezrin, radixin, moesin domain. The seventh patient had a nonsense mutation leading to a premature stop codon mutation (R533X). The naive T-cell counts were particularly low for age, and most CD8+ T cells expressed the senescence marker CD57. This phenotype was associated with impaired T-cell proliferation, which was rescued by expression of wild-type MSN. MSN-deficient T cells also displayed poor chemokine receptor expression, increased adhesion molecule expression, and altered migration and adhesion capacities. CONCLUSION: Our observations establish a causal link between an ezrin-radixin-moesin protein mutation and a primary immunodeficiency that could be referred to as X-linked moesin-associated immunodeficiency.


Assuntos
Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/imunologia , Cromossomos Humanos X/genética , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/genética , Infecções/genética , Proteínas dos Microfilamentos/genética , Mutação/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Adesão Celular , Movimento Celular , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Associação Genética , Humanos , Contagem de Linfócitos , Masculino , Linhagem
18.
Hum Gene Ther ; 27(2): 108-16, 2016 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26790362

RESUMO

More than 20 years ago, X-linked severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID-X1) appeared to be the best condition to test the feasibility of hematopoietic stem cell gene therapy. The seminal SCID-X1 clinical studies, based on first-generation gammaretroviral vectors, demonstrated good long-term immune reconstitution in most treated patients despite the occurrence of vector-related leukemia in a few of them. This gene therapy has successfully enabled correction of the T cell defect. Natural killer and B cell defects were only partially restored, most likely due to the absence of a conditioning regimen. The success of these pioneering trials paved the way for the extension of gene-based treatment to many other diseases of the hematopoietic system, but the unfortunate serious adverse events led to extensive investigations to define the retrovirus integration profiles. This review puts into perspective the clinical experience of gene therapy for SCID-X1, with the development and implementation of new generations of safer vectors such as self-inactivating gammaretroviral or lentiviral vectors as well as major advances in integrome knowledge.


Assuntos
Gammaretrovirus/genética , Terapia Genética/métodos , Vetores Genéticos/química , Lentivirus/genética , Retroviridae/genética , Doenças por Imunodeficiência Combinada Ligada ao Cromossomo X/terapia , Linfócitos B/imunologia , Linfócitos B/patologia , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Gammaretrovirus/imunologia , Vetores Genéticos/imunologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/citologia , Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/imunologia , Humanos , Células Matadoras Naturais/imunologia , Células Matadoras Naturais/patologia , Lentivirus/imunologia , Segurança do Paciente , Retroviridae/imunologia , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Linfócitos T/patologia , Integração Viral/genética , Doenças por Imunodeficiência Combinada Ligada ao Cromossomo X/genética , Doenças por Imunodeficiência Combinada Ligada ao Cromossomo X/imunologia , Doenças por Imunodeficiência Combinada Ligada ao Cromossomo X/patologia
19.
J Allergy Clin Immunol ; 136(6): 1619-1626.e5, 2015 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26220525

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Myb-Like, SWIRM, and MPN domains 1 (MYSM1) is a metalloprotease that deubiquitinates the K119-monoubiquitinated form of histone 2A (H2A), a chromatin marker associated with gene transcription silencing. Likewise, it has been reported that murine Mysm1 participates in transcription derepression of genes, among which are transcription factors involved in hematopoietic stem cell homeostasis, hematopoiesis, and lymphocyte differentiation. However, whether MYSM1 has a similar function in human subjects remains unclear. Here we describe a patient presenting with a complete lack of B lymphocytes, T-cell lymphopenia, defective hematopoiesis, and developmental abnormalities. OBJECTIVES: We sought to characterize the underlying genetic cause of this syndrome. METHODS: We performed genome-wide homozygosity mapping, followed by whole-exome sequencing. RESULTS: Genetic analysis revealed that this novel disorder is caused by a homozygous MYSM1 missense mutation affecting the catalytic site within the deubiquitinase JAB1/MPN/Mov34 (JAMM)/MPN domain. Remarkably, during the course of our study, the patient recovered a normal immunohematologic phenotype. Genetic analysis indicated that this improvement originated from a spontaneous genetic reversion of the MYSM1 mutation in a hematopoietic stem cell. CONCLUSIONS: We here define a novel human immunodeficiency and provide evidence that MYSM1 is essential for proper immunohematopoietic development in human subjects. In addition, we describe one of the few examples of spontaneous in vivo genetic cure of a human immunodeficiency.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Linfócitos B/citologia , Diferenciação Celular , Hematopoese/genética , Humanos , Lactente , Linfopenia/genética , Masculino , Mutação , Linfócitos T/citologia , Transativadores , Proteases Específicas de Ubiquitina
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