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1.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1092: 24-31, 2019 Dec 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31708029

RESUMO

The determination of ultra-trace concentrations of Hg in natural water samples via preconcentration using 3D printed metal scavenger technique followed by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) was developed. The determination of Hg in certified reference material ERM-CA615 (groundwater) was performed with high accuracy and precision resulting in recovery of 100 ±â€¯3% and RSD <2.5%, respectively. Selective laser sintering (SLS) 3D printing was used to fabricate the scavengers using a mixture of polyamide-12 powder with thiol-functionalized silica. The preconcentration procedure is based on the adsorption of Hg on the scavenger and followed by elution of the preconcentrated Hg from the filter with 0.3% thiourea in 8% HCl prior to its determination by ICP-MS. A preconcentration factor of 92.8 can be achieved by filtering 495 mL of water followed with the elution step. Very low instrumental detection limit and method detection limit were obtained resulting in 0.013 and 0.037 ng L-1, respectively. The method was applied successfully for the determination of Hg in different lake and river water samples. The developed method is the first preconcentration method enabling simple and accurate determination of Hg in pg L-1 concentrations in natural waters with ICP-MS.

2.
ACS Omega ; 4(16): 16891-16898, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31646235

RESUMO

Three-dimensionally printed solid but highly porous polyamide-12 (PA12) plate-like filters were used as selective adsorbents for capturing tetrachloroaurate from acidic solutions and leachates to prepare PA12-Au composite catalysts. The polyamide-adsorbed tetrachloroaurate can be readily reduced to gold nanoparticles by using sodium borohydride, ascorbic acid, hydrogen peroxide, UV light, or by heating. All reduction methods led to polyamide-anchored nanoparticles with an even size distribution and high dispersion. The particle sizes were somewhat dependent on the reduction method, but the average diameters were typically about 20 nm. Particle sizes were determined by using a combination of single-particle inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry, helium ion microscopy, and powder X-ray diffraction. Dispersion of the particles was analyzed by scanning electron microscopy with energy-dispersive spectroscopy. Due to the high adsorption selectivity of polyamide-12 toward tetrachloroaurate, the three-dimensional-printed filters were first used as selective gold scavengers for the acidic leachate of electronicwaste (WEEE). The supported nanoparticles were then generated directly on the filter via a simple reduction step. These objects were used as catalysts for the reduction of 4-nitrophenol to 4-aminophenol. The described method provides a direct route from waste to catalysts. The selective laser sintering method can be used to customize the flow properties of the catalytically active filter object, which allows the optimization of the porous catalytic object to meet the requirements of catalytic processes.

3.
ACS Omega ; 4(7): 12012-12017, 2019 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31460313

RESUMO

Three-dimensional selective laser sintering printing was utilized to produce porous, solid objects, in which the catalytically active component, Pd/SiO2, is attached to an easily printable supporting polypropylene framework. Physical properties of the printed objects, such as porosity, were controlled by varying the printing parameters. Structural characterization of the objects was performed by helium ion microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and X-ray tomography, and the catalytic performance of the objects was tested in the hydrogenation of styrene, cyclohexene, and phenylacetylene. The results show that the selective laser sintering process provides an alternative and effective way to produce highly active and easily reusable heterogeneous catalysts without significantly reducing the catalytic efficiency of the active Pd/SiO2 component. The ability to control the size, porosity, mechanical properties, flow properties, physical properties, and chemical properties of the catalyst objects opens up possibilities to optimize devices for different reaction environments including batch reactions and continuous flow systems.

4.
Chempluschem ; 84(2): 222-225, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31950695

RESUMO

Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) have raised a lot of interest, especially as adsorbing materials, because of their unique and well-defined pore structures. One of the main challenges in the utilization of MOFs is their crystalline and powdery nature, which makes their use inconvenient in practice. Three-dimensional printing has been suggested as a potential solution to overcome this problem. We used selective laser sintering (SLS) to print highly porous flow-through filters containing the MOF copper(II) benzene-1,3,5-tricarboxylate (HKUST-1). These filters were printed simply by mixing HKUST-1 with an easily printable nylon-12 polymer matrix. By using the SLS, powdery particles were fused together in such a way that the structure of the printed solid material resembles the structure of a powder bed. The MOF additive is firmly attached only on the surface of partially fused polymer particles and therefore remains accessible to fluids passing through the filter. Powder X-ray analysis of the printed object confirmed that printing did not have any negative impact on the structure of the MOF. CO2 -adsorption studies also showed that the activity of the MOF was not affected by the printing process. SLS offers a straightforward and easy way to fabricate tailor-made MOF-containing filters for practical applications.

5.
ACS Omega ; 3(9): 11558-11561, 2018 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31459255

RESUMO

In the current paper, a series of nonlinear optical (NLO) active devices was prepared by utilizing stereolithographic three-dimensional printing technique. Microcrystalline NLO active component, urea, or potassium dihydrogen phosphate was dispersed in a simple photopolymerizable polyacrylate-based resin and used as the printing material to fabricate highly efficient transparent NLO lenses. The nonlinear activity of the printed lenses was confirmed by second-harmonic generation measurements using a femtosecond laser-pumped optical parametric amplifier operating at a wavelength of 1195 nm. The three-dimensional printing provides a simple method to utilize a range of NLO active compounds without tedious crystal growing and processing steps. Furthermore, introducing NLO additives in the printing material provides an easy and cost-efficient way to manufacture lenses with NLO functionality.

6.
ACS Omega ; 2(10): 7299-7304, 2017 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31457304

RESUMO

Around 10% of the worldwide annual production of gold is used for manufacturing of electronic devices. According to the European Commission, waste electric and electronic equipment is the fastest growing waste stream in the European Union. This has generated the need for an effective method to recover gold from electronic waste. Here, we report a simple, effective, and highly selective nylon-12-based three-dimensional (3D)-printed scavenger objects for gold recovery directly from an aqua regia extract of a printed circuit board waste. Using the easy to handle and reusable 3D-printed meshes or columns, gold can be selectively captured both in a batch and continuous flow processes by dipping the scavenger into the solution or passing the gold-containing solution through the column. The possibility to optimize the shape, size, and flow properties of scavenger objects with 3D printing enables the gold scavengers to match the requirements of any processing plants.

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