Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 143
Filtrar
1.
Global Spine J ; : 21925682211019692, 2021 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34096362

RESUMO

STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the factors contributing to the development of postoperative distal junctional kyphosis (DJK) in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients who underwent posterior spinal fusion (PSF) with lowest instrumented vertebrae (LIV) at or above L1. METHODS: Patients with Lenke type 1 or 2 curves who underwent PSF with LIV at or above L1 with a minimum follow-up of 2 years were evaluated. The primary outcome measure was the occurrence of postoperative DJK. Radiographic parameters of sagittal alignment and inclusion/exclusion of sagittal stable vertebra (SSV) in PSF were analyzed to determine their associations with the occurrence of postoperative DJK. RESULTS: Overall, 122 patients (mean age: 15.1 ± 3.2 years) were included. The overall incidence of postoperative DJK was 6.6%. DJK was observed in 19.0% (8/42) of patients whose SSV was not included in PSF and not in patients with SSV included in PSF (n = 80). In the SSV-excluded group, univariate analysis found two significant risk factors for DJK: postoperative thoracic kyphosis (TK, T5-12) and postoperative thoracolumbar kyphosis (TLK, T11-L2). The ROC curve revealed that postoperative TK ≥ 25° and TLK ≥ 10° best predicted the occurrence of postoperative DJK in the SSV-excluded group. The incidence was significantly higher in cases with postoperative TK ≥ 25° or TLK ≥ 10° (7/13 = 53.8%) than in those with postoperative TK < 25° and TLK < 10° (1/29 = 3.4%). CONCLUSIONS: The current study revealed that postoperative TK ≥ 25° or postoperative TLK ≥ 10° with SSV excluded from PSF were related to DJK after PSF for Lenke type 1 and type 2 AIS. When the SSV is intended to be spared from PSF to save more motion segments, TK and TLK should be carefully evaluated and attained in a lesser magnitude (TK < 25°, TLK < 10°) after surgery.

2.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 16(1): 386, 2021 Jun 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34134734

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In cases of postoperative deep wound infection after interbody fusion with cages, it is often difficult to decide whether to preserve or remove the cages, and there is no consensus on the optimal approach for removing cages. The aim of this study was to investigate the surgical management of cage infection after lumbar interbody fusion. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted between January 2012 and August 2018. Patients were included if they had postoperative deep wound infection and required cage removal. Clinical outcomes, including operative parameters, visual analog scale, neurologic status, and fusion status, were assessed and compared between anterior and posterior approaches for cage removal. RESULTS: Of 130 patients who developed postoperative infection and required surgical debridement, 25 (27 levels) were diagnosed with cage infection. Twelve underwent an anterior approach, while 13 underwent cage removal with a posterior approach. Significant differences were observed between the anterior and posterior approaches in elapsed time to the diagnosis of cage infection, operative time, and hospital stay. All patients had better or stationary American Spinal Injury Association impairment scale, but one case of recurrence in adjacent disc 3 months after the surgery. CONCLUSIONS: Both anterior and posterior approaches for cage removal, followed by interbody debridement and fusion with bone grafts, were feasible methods and offered promising results. An anterior approach often requires an additional extension of posterior instrumentation due to the high incidence of concurrent pedicle screw loosening. The use of an endoscope-assisted technique is suggested to facilitate safe removal of cages.

3.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 22(1): 548, 2021 Jun 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34134676

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To determine how perforated peptic ulcers be diagnosed earlier after patients undergoing an elective spine surgery. METHODS: Patients who underwent elective spine surgeries at our hospital between January 2000 and April 2018 and experienced an acute perforated peptic ulcer were included. An age-and gender-matched control group was comprised of 26 patients without a postoperative acute perforated peptic ulcer who received spine surgery during the same period. Medical records and imaging studies were thoroughly reviewed. RESULTS: Thirteen patients were enrolled in the study group, including eight females and five males. Three patients, two females and one male, died of uncontrolled peritonitis during the hospital stay. All patients in the study group experienced the sudden onset of abdominal pain, which was continuous and progressively worsening. Patients with elevated serum amylase, a peptic ulcer history and increased intraoperative blood loss had a tendency to develop a postoperative perforated peptic ulcer. CONCLUSION: Spine surgeons should be highly alert to these risk factors of postoperative perforated peptic ulcers inpatients who has history of peptic ulcer, large amount ofintraoperative blood loss and abnormal high serum amylase level after elective spine surgery. Early diagnosis and emergent surgical intervention promote better outcomes.


Assuntos
Úlcera Péptica Perfurada , Úlcera Péptica , Doença Aguda , Diagnóstico Precoce , Feminino , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Úlcera Péptica Perfurada/diagnóstico , Úlcera Péptica Perfurada/epidemiologia , Úlcera Péptica Perfurada/etiologia
4.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 10184, 2021 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33986345

RESUMO

In some cases of vertebroplasty for adjacent fractures, we observed a cement bridging phenomenon, in which the injected cement flowed from the newly fractured vertebra to the previously cement-augmented vertebra through the space between the abutting anterior longitudinal ligament and the vertebral column. The purpose of this retrospective study was to investigate this phenomenon. From January 2012 to December 2014, patients who sustained new-onset adjacent vertebral compression fracture and who were again treated with vertebroplasty were enrolled. We divided the patients into two groups, the bridging group and the nonbridging group, to analyze the difference between them. Results showed that the cement bridging phenomenon occurred in 18 (22.8%) of the 79 patients. Significant differences between the bridging and nonbridging groups were identified in the following 3 imaging features: severe loss of the anterior vertebral body height at the new-onset adjacent vertebra on plain film (odds ratio [OR] = 4.46, p = 0.014), fluid accumulation (OR = 36.27, p < 0.001) and hypointense signaling (OR = 15.67, p < 0.001) around the space anterior to the abutting vertebral bodies and the corresponding intervertebral disc on MRI. After a 2-year follow-up, both the mean value of the focal kyphotic angle and anterior body height ratio were significantly better in the cement bridging group than in the nonbridging group. The cement bridging phenomenon, which has never been reported in the literature, is not rare in clinical practice. This phenomenon was associated with better maintenance of focal kyphotic angle and anterior body height ratio during the 2-year follow-up.

5.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 124: 112060, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33947554

RESUMO

This work reports a new CaO-MgO-SiO2 (CMS) bioactive glass-ceramic, using ZrO2 as a nucleus to modulate the ratios of glass and ceramic phases as a function of sintering temperature. Mg-rich bioactive CMS glass-ceramics exhibit advantages regarding mechanical strength (flexural strength ~190 MPa and compressive strength ~555 MPa), in-vitro and in-vivo biocompatibilities, and bone ingrowth. The high mechanical strengths could be attributed to the CaMgSi2O6 glass-ceramic and lower porosity. X-ray absorption spectra indicate an increased SiO covalent bond via the development of CaMgSi2O6 glass-ceramics. From the in-vitro cytotoxicity and BMSC differentiation assays, the CMS samples sintered above 800 °C exhibited better cell attachment and differentiation, possibly due to structural stability, appropriate pore, and ion release to boost osteogenesis. Compared to hydroxyapatite (HA) ceramics, the CMS glass-ceramics display higher mechanical strengths, biocompatibility, and osteoconductivity. An in-vivo experiment demonstrated a fine bone-ingrowth profile around the CMS implant. This study may further the application of CMS glass-ceramics in bone implants.


Assuntos
Óxido de Magnésio , Dióxido de Silício , Cerâmica , Durapatita , Vidro
8.
J Mater Sci Mater Med ; 32(1): 13, 2021 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33475850

RESUMO

An essential criterion for the selection of resorbable bioceramics is their ability to degrade inside human body within a reasonable time frame. Furthermore, if the bioceramic can release beneficial ions, such as strontium, as it degrades, recovery time might be shortened. The present study demonstrates that strontium-containing calcium sulfate (Sr,Ca)SO4 can fulfill these criteria. A long-term in vitro degradation analysis for 12 weeks using sintered (Sr,Ca)SO4 discs in phosphate buffered solution (PBS) was conducted. The sintered (Sr,Ca)SO4 disc was then implanted into defects in the distal femur of rats. The degradation rate of (Sr,Ca)SO4 discs showed a strong dependence on the Sr content. Similar results were observed between the long-term in vitro degradation analysis and the in vivo evaluation. The sintered (3.8%Sr,Ca)SO4 disc lost more than 80% of its initial weight after soaking in PBS with shaking at 37 °C for 12 weeks. After 12 weeks in vivo, the remaining volume of the (3.8%Sr,Ca)SO4 disc within the bone defect was ~25%. Over the same time period, new bone was formed at a relative volume of 40%. This study demonstrates the potential of (Sr,Ca)SO4 bioceramic, and the benefits of using a long-term degradation test during the evaluation of resorbable bioceramics.

9.
Global Spine J ; : 2192568221990646, 2021 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33511875

RESUMO

STUDY DESIGN: Biomechanical study. OBJECTIVE: Cross-links are a type of common clinical spinal instrumentation. However, the effects of the position and number of cross-links have never been investigated in long-segment spinal fixation, and the variables have not been optimized. We conducted an in vitro biomechanical study by using a porcine long-segment spinal model with 5 different crosslink configurations to determine the optimal construct for clinical practice. METHODS: Five modalities with paired segmental screws from T15-L5 were tested in 20 porcine spines. The spines without cross-links composed the control group, Group A; those with a single cross-link from L2-3 composed Group B; those with 2 cross-links from L1-2 and L3-4 composed Group C; those with 2 cross-links from T15-L1 and L4-5 composed Group D; and those with 3 cross-links from T15-L1, L2-3 and L4-5 composed Group E. Spinal stiffnesses in flexion, extension, lateral bending, and axial rotation were compared among 5 different cross-link configurations in 5-level porcine spinal units. RESULTS: Flexional, extensional and lateral bending stiffnesses did not significantly change with an increasing number of cross-links or positions in the construct. Axial stiffness was significantly increased with 2 cross-links compared to one (P < 0.05) and with placement more distant from the center of the long spinal fixation construct (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Two cross-links individually placed proximal and distal from the center of a construct is an optimal and efficient configuration to achieve biomechanical stability in non-rigid lumbar spines undergoing long-level fixation.

10.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 16(1): 16, 2021 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33413477

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: MicroRNA (miRNA) plays a vital role in the intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration. The expression level of miR-573 was downregulated whereas Bax was upregulated notably in human degenerative nucleus pulposus cells. In this study, we aimed to investigate the role of miR-573 in human degenerative nucleus pulposus (NP) cells following hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) treatment. METHODS: NP cells were separated from human degenerated IVD tissues. The control cells were maintained in 5% CO2/95% air and the hyperoxic cells were exposed to 100% O2 at 2.5 atmospheres absolute. MiRNA expression profiling was performed via microarray and confirmed by real-time PCR, and miRNA target genes were identified using bioinformatics and luciferase reporter assays. The mRNA and protein levels of Bax were measured. The proliferation of NPCs was detected using MTT assay. The protein expression levels of Bax, cleaved caspase 9, cleaved caspase 3, pro-caspase 9, and pro-caspase 3 were examined. RESULTS: Bioinformatics analysis indicated that the 3' untranslated region (UTR) of the Bax mRNA contained the "seed-matched-sequence" for hsa-miR-573, which was validated via reporter assays. MiR-573 was induced by HBO and simultaneous suppression of Bax was observed in NP cells. Knockdown of miR-573 resulted in upregulation of Bax expression in HBO-treated cells. In addition, overexpression of miR-573 by HBO increased cell proliferation and coupled with inhibition of cell apoptosis. The cleavage of pro-caspase 9 and pro-caspase 3 was suppressed while the levels of cleaved caspase 9 and caspase 3 were decreased in HBO-treated cells. Transfection with anti-miR-573 partly suppressed the effects of HBO. CONCLUSION: Mir-573 regulates cell proliferation and apoptosis by targeting Bax in human degenerative NP cells following HBO treatment.

11.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 118: 111421, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33255022

RESUMO

In this study, the characteristics of a novel biphasic bone graft are reported. The bone graft is a physical mixture of calcium sulfate (CS) and hydroxyapatite (HA). This biphasic bone graft was prepared by sintering at 1100 °C. Since the degradation rate of CS is much faster than that of HA, the CS/HA biphasic bone graft exhibits two degradation rates. The degradation rate is rapid (~10 wt%/week) in the first stage and then slow (~1 wt%/week) in the second stage. The biphasic bone graft has been implanted into the distal femur of rat. Most the bone graft was degraded 13 weeks postoperatively. Instead, trabecular bone and vascular tissue are observed at the location of implant. The bone graft is unique for its burst of calcium ions at the start and its ability to remain stable throughout the degradation process. Its stable porous structure serves as an ideal scaffold for the formation of new bone as well as vascularization.


Assuntos
Substitutos Ósseos , Cerâmica , Animais , Transplante Ósseo , Fosfatos de Cálcio , Sulfato de Cálcio , Durapatita , Porosidade , Ratos
12.
Neurosurgery ; 2020 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33040154

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Multiple percutaneous vertebral cement augmentation may create sandwich vertebrae. Whether the sandwich vertebra is at higher risk of further fracture remains unknown. OBJECTIVE: To compare the incidence of further fractures of sandwich vertebrae and adjacent vertebrae and to identify potential risk factors for sandwich vertebral fractures. METHODS: Patients who underwent cement augmentation for osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs) in a single medical center between January 2012 and December 2015 were included. A sandwich vertebra was defined as an intact vertebra located between 2 previously cemented vertebrae. Demographic data and imaging findings were recorded. All patients were followed up for at least 24 mo postoperatively. During follow-up period, if the patient reported new-onset back pain with corresponding imaging findings, a diagnosis of sandwich vertebral fracture was made. RESULTS: Among the 1347 patients who underwent vertebroplasty/kyphoplasty for OVCFs, 127 patients with 128 fracture levels met the criteria for sandwich vertebrae (females/males 100/27, mean age 77.8 ± 7.7 yr old). The fracture location was most common in the thoraco-lumbar junction (T10-L2), 68.5% (87/127). The incidence of sandwich vertebral fracture was 21.3%, whereas the incidence of adjacent level fracture of those with no sandwich vertebra was 16.4% (196/1194), P = .1879. CONCLUSION: The incidence of sandwich vertebral fracture is not higher than that at the adjacent levels. The factor associated with further sandwich vertebral fracture was male gender. Once sandwich vertebral fracture occurred, patients may seek more surgical intervention than those with only adjacent fractures.

13.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 10441, 2020 06 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32591573

RESUMO

Screw loosening due to broken pedicles is a common complication resulting from the insertion of screws either with inadequate diameters or into an osteoporotic pedicle. In this novel in vitro study, we tried to clarify the contribution of the pedicle to screw fixation and subsequent salvage strategies using longer or larger-diameter screws in broken pedicles. Sixty L4 fresh-frozen lumbar vertebrae harvested from mature pigs were designed as the normal-density group (n = 30) and decalcified as the osteoporosis group (n = 30). Three modalities were randomly assigned as intact pedicle (n = 30), semi-pedicle (n = 15), and non-pedicle (n = 15) in each group. Three sizes of polyaxial screws (diameter × length of 6.0 mm × 45 mm, 6.0 mm × 50 mm, and 6.5 mm × 45 mm) over five trials were used in each modality. The associations between bone density, pedicle modality and screw pullout strength were analyzed. After decalcification for 4 weeks, the area bone mineral density decreased to approximately 56% (p < 0.05) of the normal-density group, which was assigned as the osteoporosis group. An appropriate screw trajectory and insertional depth were confirmed using X-ray imaging prior to pullout testing in both groups. The pullout forces of larger-diameter screws (6.5 mm × 45 mm) and longer screws (6.0 mm × 50 mm) were significantly higher (p < 0.05) in the semi- and non-pedicle modalities in the normal-density group, whereas only longer screws (6.0 mm × 50 mm) had a significantly higher (p < 0.05) pullout force in the non-pedicle modalities in the osteoporosis group. The pedicle plays an important role in both the normal bone density group and the osteoporosis group, as revealed by analyzing the pullout force percentage contributed by the pedicle. Use of a longer screw would be a way to salvage a broken pedicle of osteoporotic vertebra.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32528945

RESUMO

Oxygen deficiency resulting from bone fracture-induced vascular disruption leads to massive cell death and delayed osteoblast differentiation, ultimately impairing new bone formation and fracture healing. Enhancing local tissue oxygenation can help promote bone regeneration. In this work, an injectable composite oxygen-generating system consisting of calcium peroxide (CaO2)/manganese dioxide (MnO2)-encapsulated poly lactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA) microparticles (CaO2 + MnO2@PLGA MPs) is proposed for the local delivery of oxygen. By utilizing a series of methodologies, the impacts of each component used for MP fabrication on the oxygen release behavior and cytotoxicity of the CaO2 + MnO2@ PLGA MPs are thoroughly investigated. Our analytical data obtained from in vitro studies indicate that the optimized CaO2 + MnO2@PLGA MPs developed in this study can effectively relieve the hypoxia of preosteoblast MC3T3-E1 cells that are grown under low oxygen tension and promote their osteogenic differentiation, thus holding great promise in enhancing fractural healing by increasing tissue oxygenation.

15.
Small ; 16(23): e2000655, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32363753

RESUMO

Nitric oxide (NO) is a potent tumor-cell radiosensitizer but it can be readily scavenged by hemoglobin (Hb) in vivo. A biomimetic incubator that can generate and deliver NO in a scavenger (Hb)-free environment to enhance its radiosensitizing effect to maximize its efficacy in radiotherapy is proposed. This NO incubator comprises a poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) hollow microsphere (HM) that contains an NO donor (NONOate) and a surfactant molecule (sodium caprate, SC) in its aqueous core. In acidic tumorous environments, the PLGA shell of the HM allows the penetration of protons from the outside, activating the hydrolytic cleavage of NONOate, spontaneously generating NO bubbles, which are immediately trapped/stabilized by SC. The SC-stabilized NO bubbles in the HM are then squeezed through the spaces of its PLGA matrices by the elevated internal pressure. Upon leaving the HM, the entrapped NO molecules may passively diffuse through their SC-stabilized/protected layer gradually to the tumor site, having a long-lasting radiosensitizing effect and inhibiting tumor growth. The entire process of NO generation and delivery is conducted in a scavenger (Hb)-free environment, mimicking the development of young ovoviviparous fish inside their mothers' bodies in the absence of predators before birth.

16.
PLoS One ; 15(2): e0229328, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32084219

RESUMO

Pedicle screw loosening resulting from insufficient bone-screw interfacial holding power is not uncommon. The screw shape and thread profile are considered important factors of the screw fixation strength. This work investigated the difference in pullout strength between conical and cylindrical screws with three different thread designs. The effects of the thread profiles on the screw fixation strength of cannulated screws with or without cement augmentation in osteoporotic bone were also evaluated. Commercially available artificial standard L4 vertebrae and low-density polyurethane foam blocks were used as substitutes for healthy vertebrae and osteoporotic bones, respectively. The screw pullout strengths of nine screw systems were investigated (six in each). These systems included the combination of three different screw shapes (solid/cylindrical, solid/conical and cannulated/cylindrical) with three different thread profiles (fine-thread, coarse-thread and dual-core/dual-thread). Solid screws were designed for the cementless screw fixation of vertebrae using the standard samples, whereas cannulated screws were designed for the cemented screw fixation of osteoporotic bone using low-density test blocks. Following specimen preparation, a screw pullout test was conducted using a material test machine, and the maximal screw pullout strength was compared among the groups. This study demonstrated that, in healthy vertebrae, both the conical and dual-core/dual-thread designs can improve pullout strength. A combination of the conical and dual-core/dual-thread designs may achieve optimal postoperative screw stability. However, in osteoporotic bone, the thread profile have little impact on the screw fixation strength when pedicle screws are fixed with cement augmentation. Cement augmentation is the most important factor contributing to screw pullout fixation strength as compared to screw designs.


Assuntos
Cimentos Ósseos/química , Osso e Ossos/fisiologia , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Osteoporose/cirurgia , Parafusos Pediculares , Fusão Vertebral/instrumentação , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Osso e Ossos/cirurgia , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Fusão Vertebral/métodos
17.
Mol Ther ; 28(2): 441-451, 2020 02 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31882321

RESUMO

CRISPR activation (CRISPRa) is a burgeoning technology for programmable gene activation, but its potential for tissue regeneration has yet to be fully explored. Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) can differentiate into osteogenic or adipogenic pathways, which are governed by the Wnt (Wingless-related integration site) signaling cascade. To promote BMSC differentiation toward osteogenesis and improve calvarial bone healing by BMSCs, we harnessed a highly efficient hybrid baculovirus vector for gene delivery and exploited a synergistic activation mediator (SAM)-based CRISPRa system to activate Wnt10b (that triggers the canonical Wnt pathway) and forkhead c2 (Foxc2) (that elicits the noncanonical Wnt pathway) in BMSCs. We constructed a Bac-CRISPRa vector to deliver the SAM-based CRISPRa system into rat BMSCs. We showed that Bac-CRISPRa enabled CRISPRa delivery and potently activated endogenous Wnt10b and Foxc2 expression in BMSCs for >14 days. Activation of Wnt10b or Foxc2 alone was sufficient to promote osteogenesis and repress adipogenesis in vitro. Furthermore, the robust and prolonged coactivation of both Wnt10b and Foxc2 additively enhanced osteogenic differentiation while inhibiting adipogenic differentiation of BMSCs. The CRISPRa-engineered BMSCs with activated Wnt10b and Foxc2 remarkably improved the calvarial bone healing after implantation into the critical-sized calvarial defects in rats. These data implicate the potentials of CRISPRa technology for bone tissue regeneration.

18.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 106: 110175, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31753362

RESUMO

Resorbable bioceramics offer advantages in healing bone defects due to their degradation capability. Degradation rates differ significantly from one bioceramic to another; nevertheless, the degradation rate should match the growth rate of new bone. In the present study, a head-to-head comparison of the degradation rate of calcium sulfate and tricalcium phosphate is conducted. First, the degradation behaviors of calcium sulfate and tricalcium phosphate are evaluated separately. The comparison indicates that the degradation rate of calcium sulfate is one order of magnitude faster than that of tricalcium phosphate. Along with a fast degradation rate, the formation of calcium phosphate on the surface of calcium sulfate pellets is also faster. A core-shell roll composed of a calcium sulfate core and a tricalcium phosphate shell is also prepared. After soaking the core-shell roll in phosphate buffered saline solution for 24 h, calcium phosphate precipitates form only on the surface of core, the part containing calcium sulfate anhydrite.


Assuntos
Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Fosfatos de Cálcio/química , Cerâmica/química , Sulfato de Cálcio/química
19.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 14(1): 406, 2019 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31783861

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The risk factors, incidence, and clinical management of pulmonary cement embolism and neurological deficit during percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) were evaluated. METHODS: Three thousand one hundred and seventy-five patients with symptomatic osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs) treated with PVP were retrospectively reviewed in a single institution. Clinical parameters such as age, gender, number of fractures, and time from fracture to vertebroplasty were recorded at the time of surgery. Image and surgical parameters including the amount of cement, the vertebral level, uni- or bipedicle surgical approach, and leakage pattern were recorded. RESULTS: Type-C leakage, including paraspinal (25%), intradiscal (26%), and posterior (0.7%) leakage, was more common than type-B (11.4%) and type-S leaks (4.9%). Cement leakage into the spinal canal (type-C posterior) occurred in 26 patients (0.7%), and four patients needed surgical decompression. Three in nine patients with leakage into thoracic spine needed decompressive surgery, but only one of 17 patients into lumbar spine needed surgery (p < 0.01). Age, gender, number of fractures, and time from fracture to vertebroplasty were not risk factors of pulmonary cement embolism or neurological deficit. The risk factor of pulmonary cement embolism was higher volume of PMMA injected (p < 0.001) and risk factor of neurological deficit was type-C posterior cement leakage into thoracic spine. The incidence of pulmonary cement embolism was significantly high in the volume of PMMA injected (PMMA injection < 3.5 cc: 0%; 3.5-7.0 cc: 0.11%; > 7.0 cc: 0.9%; p < 0.01) which needed postoperative oxygen support. CONCLUSIONS: Cement leakage is relatively common but mostly of no clinical significance. Percutaneous vertebroplasty in thoracic spine and high amount of PMMA injected should be treated with caution in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Cimentos Ósseos/efeitos adversos , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Embolia Pulmonar/etiologia , Vertebroplastia/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Fraturas por Compressão/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso/epidemiologia , Fraturas por Osteoporose/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Embolia Pulmonar/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Taiwan/epidemiologia , Vertebroplastia/métodos
20.
Biomed J ; 42(4): 285-292, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31627871

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Percutaneous vertebroplasty has become the treatment of choice for compression fractures. Although the incidence is low, infection after vertebroplasty is a serious complication. The pathogens most often responsible for infection are bacteria. Meanwhile, mycobacterium tuberculosis-induced infection is extremely rare. In this study, we reported our treatment experience with 9 cases of tuberculous spondylitis after vertebroplasty. METHODS: Between January 2001 and December 2015, 5749 patients underwent vertebroplasty or kyphoplasty in our department. Nine cases developed tuberculous spondylitis after vertebroplasty (0.16%). Data on clinical history, laboratory examinations, image, treatment and outcomes were examined. RESULTS: One male and 8 female patients with a mean age of 75.1 years developed tuberculous spondylitis after vertebroplasty. 5 patients had a history of pulmonary tuberculosis (TB). Revision surgeries were performed from 5 days to 1124 days after vertebroplasty. Seven patients underwent anterior debridement and fusion with or without posterior instrumentation, and 2 cases received posterior decompression and instrumentation only. After operation, the diagnosis of tuberculous spondylitis was confirmed by TB polymerase chain reaction (TB-PCR) or mycobacteria culture. Mean follow-up period after revision surgery was 36.8 months. At the end of follow-up, 1 patient with paraplegia had passed away, 2 needed a wheel chair, 4 required a walker and 2 were able to walk unassisted. CONCLUSIONS: Vertebroplasty is a minimally invasive procedure but still retains some possibility of complications, including TB infection. Patients with a history of pulmonary TB or any elevation of infection parameters should be reviewed carefully to avoid infective complications.


Assuntos
Fraturas por Compressão/cirurgia , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Espondilite/cirurgia , Tuberculose da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Vertebroplastia/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Desbridamento , Descompressão Cirúrgica/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...